Art for episode 1253

1253: Trained Marxist

Adam Curry & John C. Dvorak

3h 28m
June 21st, 2020
Share at 0:00

Executive Producers: Sir Truman Child, Nicholas Sell, Stephanie Mora, Christopher Kessler, Levi Prinzing, Toby Trichell, The future Dame Swannee, Trent Leinenbach, Sir CrashEMT, Dad Nuggz, Dame Meowdison, Sir Colin the Friendly Fat Man, Dustin Hill

Associate Executive Producers: Sara Gonzalez, Daniel Langman, Steven Helm, Sir Aphic, Dab Kovash, Edward Tatnall, Dame Ellen of the Dream Realm, Alexa F, Heather Heineking, Matthew Decker, Sir Jake Milligan, Sir DH Slammer

Cover Artist: Darren O'Neill

Chapters

0:00
Start of Show
Woodstock
1:43
Trump's Tulsa Rally
Kingcaboose
9:56
Trump Comments on Surge of Coronavirus Cases
Kingcaboose
12:35
Producers Deconstruct Undercover Nurse
Woodstock
14:17
Trump's Father Day Appearance on Donald Trump Jr.'s Triggered
Woodstock
18:08
Systemic Racism
Kingcaboose
22:50
The Democrat Party
Kingcaboose
35:44
STEM Blackout
Kingcaboose
47:43
Jesse Jackson Writes Letter to Dutch PM Asking to Ban "Racist Black Pete"
Woodstock
48:51
Meghan Markle Apologizes During Virtual Commencement Speech
Woodstock
53:03
White People Sending Venmo Payments to Black People
Woodstock
57:49
ActBlue's Involvement in Black Lives Matter
Woodstock
1:09:02
Local Reporters Mispronounce "Junípero Serra" in San Francisco
Woodstock
1:13:13
NPR Reports on Trump's Tulsa Rally
Woodstock
1:18:51
NPR Report on Public Health Risks of Leaf Blowers
Woodstock
1:22:22
Surge of Coronavirus Cases
Woodstock
1:23:43
Noodle Gun
Woodstock
1:44:59
Credits
Woodstock
2:22:56
Joe Biden's Gaffe of the Week
Woodstock
2:29:27
Kayleigh McEnany's White House Press Briefing
Woodstock
2:47:48
IRS Bought Cellphone Location Data to Track Tax Crime Suspects
Woodstock
2:50:36
Donations
Woodstock
3:03:14
Birthdays & Title Changes
Woodstock
3:06:24
Meetups
Woodstock
3:12:53
Amy Klobuchar Withdraws From Vice Presidential Consideration
Woodstock
3:16:07
DACA
Woodstock
3:16:58
Supreme Court Rules LGBT Workers Are Protected From Job Discrimination
Woodstock
3:20:23
CBS Calls Trump Rally the "Largest Gathering Since the Beginning of the Coronavirus Pandemic"
Woodstock
3:21:44
End of Show
Woodstock
Suggest a new chapter
TODAY
'Ring of fire' solar eclipse set to blot out (most of) the sun this weekend - CNET
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 22:59
Photographer Kristen M Caldon captured this annular solar eclipse sequence at the Grand Canyon National Park in 2012.
Kristen M. Caldon/NPS/Grand Canyon National Park The first of two 2020 solar eclipses will turn the sun into a glowing "ring of fire" on June 21 (or June 20 depending on your location). People along a narrow band of the world will have the chance to see the rare eclipse firsthand.
An annular solar eclipse happens when the moon is too far away from us to completely hide the sun, leaving a circle of brightness around the moon. That is how it gets the poetic "ring of fire" nickname.
CNET Science From the lab to your inbox. Get the latest science stories from CNET every week.By signing up, you agree to the CBS
Terms of Use and acknowledge the data practices in our
Privacy Policy. You may unsubscribe at any time.
Thanks for signing up!
An error occurred. Please check your email and try again
The full annular eclipse will be visible from parts of Africa and Asia. "A narrow stripe from Africa to the Pacific Ocean will see the Moon in front of the Sun (blocking 99.4% of the Sun at its peak in northern India) such that only a bright ring is visible," NASA said in a skywatching update for June.
Time and Date lets you dial in details for your area, and tells you whether you're in line for the full eclipse, a partial eclipse or no eclipse at all. A NASA website also shows the eclipse path on an interactive map and lets you zoom in to find a viewing location.
Even if you're not in the right geographic spot to catch the eclipse in person, you may still be in luck thanks to the Virtual Telescope Project, which livestreams notable celestial events. Eclipse fans in the US will need to stay up late. The Virtual Telescope Project will kick off coverage at 10:30 p.m. PT on Saturday night.
The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan will offer a Japanese-language livestream with its view of a partial eclipse starting at 11:45 p.m. PT on Saturday.
This won't be the only eclipse of the year. A total solar eclipse is on tap for Dec. 14 for viewers in parts of South America.
Watching online isn't the same as being there, but it's still an opportunity to contemplate the wonders of the sun and the moon, and our place in the solar system.
Super blood wolf moon lunar eclipse dazzles in striking photos See all photos First published on June 16, 2020 at 12:15 p.m. PT.
Domain names
www.agitpropaganda.com
www.agitpropagandist.com
Keith
SysteSTEMic Racism
3 Groups / Waves
BLM Inc
Weinstein Evergreen
Clinton Dems switch to Corps
All got screwed
STEM must go
Social studies can't take the match
Crime Bill and Models
Robert Sandifer - Wikipedia
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 08:07
American gangster and murder victim
Robert Sandifer
Born ( 1983-03-12 ) March 12, 1983DiedSeptember 1, 1994 (1994-09-01) (aged 11)Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Cause of deathMurdered by gunshotsOther namesYummyOccupationStreet gang member(Black Disciples)Criminal statusDeceasedParent(s)Lorina SandiferRobert AkinsCriminal chargeMurder, arson, armed robbery, drug possessionPenaltyProbationRobert "Yummy" Sandifer (March 12, 1983 '-- September 1, 1994) was an 11-year-old American boy from Chicago, Illinois. Sandifer's murder by fellow gang members in Chicago garnered national attention because of his age,[1][2][3][4] resulting in his appearance on the cover of TIME magazine in September 1994.[5] Nicknamed Yummy because of his love of cookies,[6] standing 137 cm (4 ft 6 in), Sandifer was a young member of the street gang the Black Disciples (BD). After committing murder, arson and armed robbery, he was murdered by his own fellow gang members who feared he could become an informant, and that he was attracting too much attention towards their activities. Coverage of Sandifer's death and retrospectives on his short, violent life were widely published in the American media. Sandifer became a symbol of the gang problem in American inner cities, the failure of social safety nets, and the shortcomings of the juvenile justice system.
Biography [ edit ] Early life [ edit ] Robert Sandifer was born in Chicago, Illinois on March 12, 1983. Sandifer's mother, Lorina Sandifer, had over 30 arrests while prostituting,[7] many of which were drug-related. Sandifer's father, Robert Akins, was absent throughout Sandifer's life due to incarceration for a felony gun charge. Sandifer was physically abused from the time he was an infant.[6] Before he was three years old, Sandifer was already known to the Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS). Physical examinations showed that Sandifer was alleged to have had cigarette burns on his arms and neck as well as linear bruising consistent with physical beatings. Lorina initially blamed the abuse on Sandifer's father, although she later recanted.[8]
In 1986, Sandifer and his siblings were removed from his mother's home by DCFS and were sent to live with their grandmother in the Roseland neighborhood of Chicago.[8] His grandmother's residence contained as many as 19 children on some occasions. By most accounts, his grandmother's home was not much better than Sandifer's previous home. Sandifer, by the age of eight, quit attending school and began to roam the streets stealing cars and breaking into houses. At the age of ten, Sandifer was arrested on charges of armed robbery. A psychological examiner at the time reported that "Robert is a child growing up without any encouragement and support," and that he "has a sense of failure that has infiltrated almost every aspect of his inner self."[8]
In 1993, Sandifer and his siblings were removed from his grandmother's home and were sent to the Lawrence Hall DCFS shelter on Chicago's North Side, from which Sandifer ran away and never returned. From 1993 until his death, Sandifer's whereabouts and living arrangements remain unclear, although he continued to be arrested by the authorities.[2]
Criminal behavior [ edit ] Sandifer was known for bullying and stealing money from children and the community in the Chicago neighborhood of Roseland. He liked luxury cars, and remarkably, was able to drive them despite his small size. Many of his 23 felonies and 5 misdemeanors were committed in the course of running errands for street gangs. The penal system had no way to keep him out of trouble and the courts were helpless to lock him away because he was too young for juvenile detention and too dangerous to be placed with children his age. He never got in serious trouble for his crimes due to his age.
Death [ edit ] On August 28, 1994, Sandifer was ordered to do a favor for his gang. He opened fire several times with a 9-millimeter semiautomatic pistol, striking several youths. Sandifer quickly fled the scene. Among the victims was 14-year-old Shavon Dean, who was hit by a stray bullet and later died from her gunshot wounds.[9] The crime spree made national headlines. The nation was shocked by the brutality of the crime and the fact that the alleged perpetrator was 11 years old. The Chicago Police began a manhunt for Sandifer. According to Sgt. Ronald Palmer, of the Chicago Police, Sandifer's actions were a gang initiation gone wrong.
On August 31, while standing on the porch of a neighbor after asking to call his grandmother (in whom he had the greatest trust),[10] Sandifer was met by brothers Cragg and Derrick Hardaway, ages 16 and 14, members of the Black Disciples street gang. Sandifer was told he was being taken to a safe location and ordered into a waiting car. Instead, he was taken to a railroad underpass at East 108th Street and South Dauphin Avenue and told to get on his knees. While kneeling, Sandifer was shot twice in the back of the head by the Hardaway brothers.[9] Sandifer's body was discovered by the Chicago Police Department in the early morning of September 1. Both Hardaways were later convicted of Sandifer's murder.[11][12]
Around 400 people attended Sandifer's funeral, which was held at the Youth Center Church of God in Christ on Chicago's Northwest Side.[13]
See Also [ edit ] Yummy: the Last Days of a Southside ShortyReferences [ edit ] ^ Long, Elizabeth Valk (19 September 1994). "To Our Readers". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ a b Gibbs, Nancy R.; Grace, Julie; Hull, Jon D. (19 September 1994). "Murder in Miniature". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ Grace, Julie (12 September 1994). "There Are No Children Here". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ Hewitt, Bill (19 September 1994). "Death at an Early Age". People. pp. 52''54 . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ "TIME Magazine Cover: Robert (Yummy) Sandifer". TIME. 19 September 1994 . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ a b Powers, Mike (Winter 1995). "Stop the Violence" . Human Ecology Forum. 23 (1) '' via Questia. ^ https://morbidology.com/too-young-to-kill-too-young-to-die-robert-yummy-sandifer/ ^ a b c Papajohn, George (2 September 1994). "Robert: Executed At 11". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 10 June 2019 . ^ a b "Two fellow gang members charged in execution of 11-year-old". Daily Herald. Associated Press. 3 September 1994. p. 6 '' via NewspaperArchive. ^ https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-yummy-sandifer-25-years-later-20190829-3xrgt2onqrgd7bqiyxmjm3n2ri-story.html ^ Sharon Cohen (18 December 2007). "Locked up at 14 for an infamous murder, living with regrets and dreaming of a future". Star-News. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013 . Retrieved 4 January 2016 . ^ Lee, William; Buckley, Madeline (30 August 2019). "11-year-old 'Yummy' Sandifer was on the run for killing a teenage girl. Then he was killed by his own gang in a Chicago story that shocked the nation 25 years ago". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 31 August 2019 . CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) ^ Terry, Don (8 September 1994). "In an 11-Year-Old's Funeral, a Grim Lesson". The New York Times . Retrieved 15 September 2013 .
Agent Provocateurs in RICH areas
Chain outlets
Window breakers, door openers UPSCALE shops
Thugs
Robert Sandifer - Wikipedia
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 08:07
American gangster and murder victim
Robert Sandifer
Born ( 1983-03-12 ) March 12, 1983DiedSeptember 1, 1994 (1994-09-01) (aged 11)Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Cause of deathMurdered by gunshotsOther namesYummyOccupationStreet gang member(Black Disciples)Criminal statusDeceasedParent(s)Lorina SandiferRobert AkinsCriminal chargeMurder, arson, armed robbery, drug possessionPenaltyProbationRobert "Yummy" Sandifer (March 12, 1983 '-- September 1, 1994) was an 11-year-old American boy from Chicago, Illinois. Sandifer's murder by fellow gang members in Chicago garnered national attention because of his age,[1][2][3][4] resulting in his appearance on the cover of TIME magazine in September 1994.[5] Nicknamed Yummy because of his love of cookies,[6] standing 137 cm (4 ft 6 in), Sandifer was a young member of the street gang the Black Disciples (BD). After committing murder, arson and armed robbery, he was murdered by his own fellow gang members who feared he could become an informant, and that he was attracting too much attention towards their activities. Coverage of Sandifer's death and retrospectives on his short, violent life were widely published in the American media. Sandifer became a symbol of the gang problem in American inner cities, the failure of social safety nets, and the shortcomings of the juvenile justice system.
Biography [ edit ] Early life [ edit ] Robert Sandifer was born in Chicago, Illinois on March 12, 1983. Sandifer's mother, Lorina Sandifer, had over 30 arrests while prostituting,[7] many of which were drug-related. Sandifer's father, Robert Akins, was absent throughout Sandifer's life due to incarceration for a felony gun charge. Sandifer was physically abused from the time he was an infant.[6] Before he was three years old, Sandifer was already known to the Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS). Physical examinations showed that Sandifer was alleged to have had cigarette burns on his arms and neck as well as linear bruising consistent with physical beatings. Lorina initially blamed the abuse on Sandifer's father, although she later recanted.[8]
In 1986, Sandifer and his siblings were removed from his mother's home by DCFS and were sent to live with their grandmother in the Roseland neighborhood of Chicago.[8] His grandmother's residence contained as many as 19 children on some occasions. By most accounts, his grandmother's home was not much better than Sandifer's previous home. Sandifer, by the age of eight, quit attending school and began to roam the streets stealing cars and breaking into houses. At the age of ten, Sandifer was arrested on charges of armed robbery. A psychological examiner at the time reported that "Robert is a child growing up without any encouragement and support," and that he "has a sense of failure that has infiltrated almost every aspect of his inner self."[8]
In 1993, Sandifer and his siblings were removed from his grandmother's home and were sent to the Lawrence Hall DCFS shelter on Chicago's North Side, from which Sandifer ran away and never returned. From 1993 until his death, Sandifer's whereabouts and living arrangements remain unclear, although he continued to be arrested by the authorities.[2]
Criminal behavior [ edit ] Sandifer was known for bullying and stealing money from children and the community in the Chicago neighborhood of Roseland. He liked luxury cars, and remarkably, was able to drive them despite his small size. Many of his 23 felonies and 5 misdemeanors were committed in the course of running errands for street gangs. The penal system had no way to keep him out of trouble and the courts were helpless to lock him away because he was too young for juvenile detention and too dangerous to be placed with children his age. He never got in serious trouble for his crimes due to his age.
Death [ edit ] On August 28, 1994, Sandifer was ordered to do a favor for his gang. He opened fire several times with a 9-millimeter semiautomatic pistol, striking several youths. Sandifer quickly fled the scene. Among the victims was 14-year-old Shavon Dean, who was hit by a stray bullet and later died from her gunshot wounds.[9] The crime spree made national headlines. The nation was shocked by the brutality of the crime and the fact that the alleged perpetrator was 11 years old. The Chicago Police began a manhunt for Sandifer. According to Sgt. Ronald Palmer, of the Chicago Police, Sandifer's actions were a gang initiation gone wrong.
On August 31, while standing on the porch of a neighbor after asking to call his grandmother (in whom he had the greatest trust),[10] Sandifer was met by brothers Cragg and Derrick Hardaway, ages 16 and 14, members of the Black Disciples street gang. Sandifer was told he was being taken to a safe location and ordered into a waiting car. Instead, he was taken to a railroad underpass at East 108th Street and South Dauphin Avenue and told to get on his knees. While kneeling, Sandifer was shot twice in the back of the head by the Hardaway brothers.[9] Sandifer's body was discovered by the Chicago Police Department in the early morning of September 1. Both Hardaways were later convicted of Sandifer's murder.[11][12]
Around 400 people attended Sandifer's funeral, which was held at the Youth Center Church of God in Christ on Chicago's Northwest Side.[13]
See Also [ edit ] Yummy: the Last Days of a Southside ShortyReferences [ edit ] ^ Long, Elizabeth Valk (19 September 1994). "To Our Readers". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ a b Gibbs, Nancy R.; Grace, Julie; Hull, Jon D. (19 September 1994). "Murder in Miniature". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ Grace, Julie (12 September 1994). "There Are No Children Here". TIME . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ Hewitt, Bill (19 September 1994). "Death at an Early Age". People. pp. 52''54 . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ "TIME Magazine Cover: Robert (Yummy) Sandifer". TIME. 19 September 1994 . Retrieved 30 March 2011 . ^ a b Powers, Mike (Winter 1995). "Stop the Violence" . Human Ecology Forum. 23 (1) '' via Questia. ^ https://morbidology.com/too-young-to-kill-too-young-to-die-robert-yummy-sandifer/ ^ a b c Papajohn, George (2 September 1994). "Robert: Executed At 11". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 10 June 2019 . ^ a b "Two fellow gang members charged in execution of 11-year-old". Daily Herald. Associated Press. 3 September 1994. p. 6 '' via NewspaperArchive. ^ https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-yummy-sandifer-25-years-later-20190829-3xrgt2onqrgd7bqiyxmjm3n2ri-story.html ^ Sharon Cohen (18 December 2007). "Locked up at 14 for an infamous murder, living with regrets and dreaming of a future". Star-News. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013 . Retrieved 4 January 2016 . ^ Lee, William; Buckley, Madeline (30 August 2019). "11-year-old 'Yummy' Sandifer was on the run for killing a teenage girl. Then he was killed by his own gang in a Chicago story that shocked the nation 25 years ago". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 31 August 2019 . CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) ^ Terry, Don (8 September 1994). "In an 11-Year-Old's Funeral, a Grim Lesson". The New York Times . Retrieved 15 September 2013 .
No man about the house
Actual surveillance
New class of elites who distribute the 'funds'
Need to keep their client base alive (Bob Woodson)
Drugs and criminal hiphop
Internet shows what
The mysterious case of Raz from CHAZ - BLM warlord owns multiple guns, luxury cars, millions in properties, and is supported by Dubai government -- Society's Child -- Sott.net
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 07:13
Solomon Samuel Simone (aka RAZ from CHAZ or CHOP) is the proclaimed warlord of CHAZ, the multi-block area located in Seattle. Raz hates America but owns multiple guns, luxury automobiles, millions in real estate.More importantly, Raz is supported by the Islamic government in Dubai.
The leader of CHAZ, Warlord Raz Simone was previously identified running guns in the newly formed country in the center of Seattle. Today we have more on RAZ thanks to the work of Yaacov Apelbaum.
Raz the warlord, doesn't only run guns, he owns guns. Raz owns a couple of handguns, which were somehow 'restored' through a special intervention after a conviction.
Raz also owns six semi-automatic rifles, including an AR-15 and AK-47 and an Uzi.
He has armor piercing bullets for these guns as well.
Raz somehow received a grant for $82,000 from the city of Seattle to open his own studio in a building he purchased with another loan.
And Raz owns multiple luxury cars, including a Tesla, a BMW and a Jaguar XJ.
He also owns some prime real estate and rental properties.
He owns the RAZ fashion line, the Aurora Smoke Shop, a social club called "The Spot", the Black Umbrella Corporation. All this came from funding in sweetheart deals.
Raz's public relations team has done a lot of work to portray Raz as a gangsta'. Oliver Darcy from CNN has helped him in shaping his image.
Finally, and most importantly, Raz is connected to Islamists. He is involved in the manifesto, Washington State - the first black Muslim independent state. He also is being sponsored and has been hosted by the Dubai government. Raz's anti-white and anti-America rants are supported. He also has been spotted attending the Sheik Zayed mosque.
Of course, the Seattle occupation of CHAZ is linked to Islamists with millions.
Joe Hoft is the twin brother of TGP's founder, Jim Hoft. His posts have been retweeted by President Trump and have made the headlines at the Drudge Report. Joe worked as a corporate executive in Hong Kong and traveled the world for his work, which gives him a unique perspective of US and global current events. He has ten degrees or designations and is the author of three books. His new book: 'In God We Trust: Not in Lying Liberal Lunatics' is out now - please take a look and buy a copy.
Result will be Corporatized Police for the Rich - Threat & Vulnerability Management
Surveillance and head bashing for the rest - McDonald's of Policing
Sources
Threat & Vulnerability Management - CyberFort Advisors, LLC
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 16:45
Your Guide To A Successful Cybersecurity OverhaulMany companies implement new cybersecurity policies and procedures, but they ignore one critical fact: When it comes to your cybersecurity posture, your end-users are your weakest link.
Without getting employees and other end-users on board, your company data is at risk.
With your end-users on board, how do you deploy new cybersecurity policies? There are many pitfalls companies commonly fall for during this process. With the right preparation and guide, you can overhaul and deploy a successful cybersecurity initiative.
This short but comprehensive guide will show you how to:
Overhaul your cybersecurity programGet your employees and other end-users on boardAvoid common pitfalls that cause cybersecurity initiatives to failTo download the guide, please provide us with your name and email address:
Pinkerton (detective agency) - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 16:42
PinkertonPrivate incorporationIndustryPrivate security contractorFoundedChicago, Illinois, United States(1850 ; 170 years ago ( 1850 ) )FounderAllan PinkertonHeadquarters, Area served
WorldwideServicesSecurity management, full-service risk management consulting, investigations, employment screening, protective services, security, crisis management, intelligence servicesParentSecuritas AB (2003''present)Website www.pinkerton.com Pinkerton, founded as the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, is a private security guard and detective agency established in the United States by Scotsman Allan Pinkerton in 1850 and currently a subsidiary of Securitas AB.[1] Pinkerton became famous when he claimed to have foiled a plot to assassinate president-elect Abraham Lincoln, who later hired Pinkerton agents for his personal security during the Civil War.[2] Pinkerton's agents performed services ranging from security guarding to private military contracting work. Notably, the Pinkerton National Detective Agency hired women and minorities from its founding, a practice uncommon at the time.[3] Pinkerton was the largest private law enforcement organization in the world at the height of its power.[4]
During the labor strikes of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, businessmen hired the Pinkerton Agency to infiltrate unions, supply guards, keep strikers and suspected unionists out of factories, and recruit goon squads to intimidate workers. One such confrontation was the Homestead Strike of 1892, in which Pinkerton agents were called in to reinforce the strikebreaking measures of industrialist Henry Clay Frick, acting on behalf of Andrew Carnegie.[5] The ensuing battle between Pinkerton agents and striking workers led to the deaths of three Pinkerton agents and nine steelworkers.[6][7] The Pinkertons were also used as guards in coal, iron, and lumber disputes in Illinois, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia as well as the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Battle of Blair Mountain in 1921.
The company now operates as "Pinkerton Consulting & Investigations, Inc. d.b.a. Pinkerton Corporate Risk Management", a division of the Swedish security company Securitas AB. The former Government Services division, PGS, now operates as Securitas Critical Infrastructure Services, Inc.[8]
Origins [ edit ] In the 1850s, Allan Pinkerton, Scottish detective and spy, met Chicago attorney Edward Rucker in a local Masonic Hall and formed the North-Western Police Agency, later known as the Pinkerton Agency.[9][10][11]
Historian Frank Morn writes: "By the mid-1850s a few businessmen saw the need for greater control over their employees; their solution was to sponsor a private detective system. In February 1855, Allan Pinkerton, after consulting with six midwestern railroads, created such an agency in Chicago."[12]
Government work [ edit ] In 1871, Congress appropriated $50,000 (about equivalent to $1,067,000 in 2019) to the new Department of Justice (DOJ) to form a sub-organization devoted to "the detection and prosecution of those guilty of violating federal law." The amount was insufficient for the new DOJ to fashion an internal investigating unit, so they contracted out the services to the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.[13]
However, since passage of the Anti-Pinkerton Act in 1893, federal law has stated that an "individual employed by the Pinkerton Detective Agency, or similar organization, may not be employed by the Government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia."[14]
Chicago "Special Officers" and watchmen [ edit ] July 27, 1877: J.J. White, who had been hired as a "Special Officer" during a strike, was shot and killed.[15]July 19, 1919: Hans Rassmuson, Special Officer, was shot and killed.[16]March 12, 1924: Frank Miller, Pinkerton Watchman, was shot and killed.[17]Molly Maguires [ edit ] In the 1870s, Franklin B. Gowen, then president of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, hired the agency to "investigate" the labor unions in the company's mines. A Pinkerton agent, James McParland, using the alias "James McKenna", infiltrated the Molly Maguires, a 19th-century secret society of mainly Irish-American coal miners, leading to the downfall of the labor organization.
The incident inspired Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Valley of Fear (1914''1915). A Pinkerton agent also appears in a small role in "The Adventure of the Red Circle", a 1911 Holmes story. A 1970 film, The Molly Maguires, was loosely based upon the incident as well.
Homestead Strike [ edit ] Frick's letter describing the plans and munitions that will be on the barges when the Pinkertons arrive to confront the strikers in Homestead
On July 6, 1892, during the Homestead Strike, 300 Pinkerton detectives from New York and Chicago were called in by Carnegie Steel's Henry Clay Frick to protect the Pittsburgh-area mill and strikebreakers. This resulted in a firefight and siege in which 16 men were killed, and 23 others were wounded. To restore order, two brigades of the Pennsylvania militia were called out by the Governor.
As a legacy of the Pinkertons' involvement, a bridge connecting the nearby Pittsburgh suburbs of Munhall and Rankin was named Pinkerton's Landing Bridge.
Steunenberg murder and trial [ edit ] Harry Orchard was arrested by the Idaho police and confessed to Pinkerton agent James McParland that he assassinated former Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho in 1905. Orchard testified, (unsuccessfully) under threat of hanging,[18] against Western Federation of Miners president Big Bill Haywood, naming him as having hired the hit. With a stirring defense by Clarence Darrow, Haywood and the other defendants of the WFM were acquitted in a nationally publicized trial. Orchard received a death sentence, but it was commuted.[19]
Indiana University [ edit ] Bogus written and distributed by Indiana University students in 1890. The Pinkerton Agency was hired to find the authors.
In 1890, Indiana University hired the Pinkerton Agency to investigate the authorship of a student "bogus", an underground newsletter, that had been distributed throughout town. While boguses were not uncommon, this particular one attacked IU faculty and students with such graphic language that Bloomington residents complained. The detective arrived in Bloomington on April 26 and spent nearly two weeks conducting interviews and dispatching regular reports back to the home office. In the end, it was town talk that led to the student authors and not the work of the agent. The seven Beta Theta Pi fraternity brothers were from locally prominent families, including the son of a Trustee, but all were expelled. In 1892, however, the Trustees granted five of the men their degrees and all seven were reinstated in good standing.[20][21]
Outlaws and competition [ edit ] Pinkerton agents were hired to track western outlaws Jesse James, the Reno Gang, and the Wild Bunch (including Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid). On March 17, 1874, two Pinkerton Detectives and a deputy sheriff, Edwin P. Daniels,[22] encountered the Younger brothers (associates of the James''Younger Gang); Daniels, John Younger, and one Pinkerton agent was killed. In Union, Missouri a bank was robbed by George Collins, aka Fred Lewis, and Bill Randolph; Pinkerton Detective Chas Schumacher trailed them and was killed. Collins was hanged on March 26, 1904, and Randolph was hanged on May 8, 1905, in Union. Pinkertons were also hired for transporting money and other high-quality merchandise between cities and towns, which made them vulnerable to outlaws. Pinkerton agents were usually well paid and well armed.
G.H. Thiel, a former Pinkerton employee, established the Thiel Detective Service Company in St. Louis, Missouri, a competitor to the Pinkerton agency. The Thiel company operated in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
Modern era [ edit ] Due to its conflicts with labor unions, the word Pinkerton continues to be associated by labor organizers and union members with strikebreaking.[23] Pinkertons diversified from labor spying following revelations publicized by the La Follette Committee hearings in 1937,[24] and the firm's criminal detection work also suffered from the police modernization movement, which saw the rise of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the bolstering of detective branches and resources of the public police. With less of the labor and criminal investigation work on which Pinkertons thrived for decades, the company became increasingly involved in protection services, and in the 1960s, even the word "detective" disappeared from the agency's letterhead.[25] The company now focuses on threat intelligence, risk management, executive protection, and active shooter response.
In 1999, the company was bought by Securitas AB, a Swedish security company, for $384 million,[26] followed by the acquisition of the William J. Burns Detective Agency (founded in 1910), longtime Pinkerton rival, to create (as a division of the parent) Securitas Security Services USA. Today, the companies Headquarters are located in Ann Arbor, Michigan.[27]
Badge history [ edit ] 1870''1925 '-- Solid silver badge with engraved lettering1925''1930 '-- Silver-colored eagle badge with blue lettering1930''present '-- Gold-colored shield with black letteringAppearance in popular media [ edit ] Books [ edit ] Author Beverly Jenkins makes reference to Pinkerton agents in many of her novels including, "Vivid" and "Before the Dawn".In the Sherlock Holmes novel The Valley of Fear, Birdy Edwards is a Pinkerton agent. Another Pinkerton agent, Leverton makes his appearance in the short story The Adventure of the Red Circle, which is part of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's collection, The Memoirs of Sherlock HolmesDashiell Hammett's Continental Op detective stories were based on his experiences working for the Pinkerton agency for several periods during 1917-22. The Baltimore branch, where Hammett first worked, was housed in the Continental Trust Building; the Pinkerton agency was not named. Hammett also worked in the San Francisco office, thus many of the Op stories were set in that city. They were published in Black Mask magazine from 1923-30. There have been several Continental Op book collections. Four of the stories were combined to form Hammett's first novel Red Harvest.In Laird Barron's short story "Bulldozer", the Pinkerton protagonist Jonah Koenig hunts down a wanted criminal who also happens to dabble in profane occult rituals.Many Louis L'Amour books contain references to the Pinkertons, including Milo TalonMaria "Belle" Boyd, a lead character in Cherie Priest's steampunk novel Fiddlehead, works for the Pinkerton detective agency.Clive Cussler is often reputed to base his Isaac Bell series' Van Dorn Detective Agency upon the Pinkerton Detective Agency. This is often disputed, however.In the 1995 Doctor Who book Shakedown (novelization of Shakedown: Return of the Sontarans) the Doctor's companions Chris and Roz pretend to be agents of the galactic offshoot of the Pinkertons on the planet Megerra in 2376.In the James Bond novels, Felix Leiter becomes a Pinkerton detective between Live and Let Die and Diamonds Are Forever. He had been a CIA agent, but retired after losing an arm and a leg in the former novel.In a romance series of novellas, The Pinkerton Matchmaker, written by many different authors.Former Pinkerton agent Charlie Siringo published an expos(C) on methods used by the Pinkertons during the 1880s and 1890s in his 1914 book Two Evil-Isms: Pinkertonism and Anarchism. The agency soon suppressed publication of the book and made a request to the Governor of New Mexico, William C. McDonald, to arrest Siringo for criminal libel and extradite him to Chicago. Governor McDonald denied their request, but the agency was successful in obtaining a court order to impound all existing copies of the book.Author Ray Celestin makes reference to Pinkerton agents in his "City Blues Quartet" book series.Film [ edit ] Allan Pinkerton and several agents play a vital role in the film American Outlaws (2001), starring Colin Farrell and Gabriel Macht as Jesse and Frank James. Pinkerton and his detectives are hired by the owner of the fictional Rock Northern Rail Road to track down Jesse James and his gang following a series of robberies aimed at his company.The Pinkertons have been featured in the 1980 movie The Long Riders, where Pinkerton agents are depicted investigating the criminal activities of the James brothers.Two Pinkerton agents were featured in the movie The Legend of Zorro, using knowledge of Zorro's true identity to blackmail him.Pinkerton detectives are featured in the 3:10 to Yuma remake featuring Russell Crowe and Christian Bale, appearing at the start of the film defending a stagecoach from bandits. All are killed except for one, Byron McElroy (Peter Fonda), who is later killed by Crowe's character.In the 1994 western film Bad Girls the three main characters are being tracked down by two Pinkerton agents after committing murder.In the 1997 James Cameron film Titanic, Spicer Lovejoy, Caledon Hockley's valet and bodyguard, is an ex-Pinkerton detective.In the 2005 film Legend of Zorro, A pair of Pinkerton agents sees Zorro's face and recognise him. The following day, the Pinkertons confront his wife, Elena, and blackmail her into divorcing him in order to get close to the main antagonist; Armand and learn of his plans without the aid of Zorro, as they dislike Zorro and his vigilante ways.In the 2016 remake of The Magnificent Seven, agents of the fictional Blackstone Detective Agency, modeled after the Pinkertons, appear as antagonists.In the 2017 Kenneth Branagh film Murder on the Orient Express, Cyrus Bethman Hardman is revealed to be an undercover Pinkerton detective.In the 2019 western film Badland, the protagonist was a Pinkerton detective in New Mexico authorized by the President and directed by a black Senator to track down and hang Confederate war criminals.Music [ edit ] The song "Ballad of a Well-Known Gun" on the 1970 Elton John album Tumbleweed Connection references 'the Pinkertons' '' "The Pinkertons pulled out my bags and asked me for my name".The song "Book, Saddle, And Go" on the 2013 Clutch album Earth Rocker references 'Pinkerton Man' '' "Pinkerton man, murdering bastard, I'm gonna get even, get even with you, Get even with you".Television [ edit ] In the television series Damnation, Creeley Turner, one of the two lead characters, is a Pinkerton agent sent to Iowa by a powerful industrialist to stop a farmer strike.On the "Valentine's Day" (1989) episode of The Golden Girls, drugstore banter between Rose and Dorothy regarding purchasing protection for their trip (condoms), promoting their desire to have safe sex. When Rose asks what kind of protection they need, Dorothy quips ''Two armed Pinkerton guards, Rose!''In "False Colours", the eighth episode of the first series of the 1989 TV show The Young Riders, a detective named Pinkerton is working with the security of a gold shipment.In the fourth-series episode "Havre de Grace" of Boardwalk Empire, the character Roy Phillips is revealed to be a detective working for the agency.The character Captain Homer Jackson in the BBC series Ripper Street is also revealed as an ex-Pinkerton agent in series one.Three Pinkerton Agents were featured in the first-season episode "Husbands & Fathers", of the BBC America show Copper.In 1966 Irwin Allen series The Time Tunnel on episode 12 "The Death Trap", Mr. Pinkerton, with the help of the two main characters, saved President Lincoln.In Penny Dreadful series 1 episode 8 "Grand Guignol" Ethan Chandler is confronted by 2 Pinkerton agents in a bar as his past catches up with him.Pinkerton agents appeared in the first episode of the 2012 Hatfields & McCoys miniseries.The Pinkertons, a scripted one-hour syndicated starring Angus Macfadyen as Allan Pinkerton, debuted in 2014.[28][29]Cole Hauser plays Charlie Siringo, a Pinkerton investigating Lizzie Borden, in the 2015 mini-series The Lizzie Borden Chronicles.In the Canadian-American television drama When Calls the Heart, Pinkerton security officers are employed by the mining company managed by Henry Gowen (Martin Cummins)Michael Dorn played Mr. Eastman, a detective sent by the Pinkerton Detective Agency to investigate the kidnapping of a wealthy man's wife, in the tenth episode of the second season of the TV series The Dead Man's Gun titled "The Pinkerton", which originally aired on October 30, 1998.Allan Pinkerton was portrayed by Charlie Day in the second-series episode of Drunk History entitled "Baltimore". The episode relays the story of Allan Pinkerton successfully protecting Abraham Lincoln, portrayed by Martin Starr, from assassination."Bloody Battles", the second episode of the 2012 miniseries The Men Who Built America, focuses on the relationship between Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick, which is damaged by the 1892 Homestead strike when Frick hires the Pinkertons.Mentioned in six episodes -- "Let Loose the Dogs," "Werewolves," ''Au Naturel,'' "Summer of '75," "Manual for Murder," and "Bad Pennies" '--of the 2008''present Canadian TV series Murdoch Mysteries.In the television series Deadwood, the Pinkertons are prominently featured as mercenaries paid for by George Hearst, the final season's antagonist.In the television mini-series North and South Book III (Based on "Heaven and Hell" by John Jakes), George Hazard hires a Pinkerton detective to track Elkana Bent for the suspected murder of his wife Constance Hazard.Video games [ edit ] The protagonist of the video game BioShock Infinite, Booker DeWitt, is an ex-Pinkerton and former member of the "goon squads" used by the agency to suppress strikes. One of the game's trophies, awarded for completing the highest difficulty, is titled "Stone Cold Pinkerton".In the online game Poptropica, Pinkerton's services are used to catch a thief on Mystery Train Island.Pinkerton detectives appear as antagonists in Red Dead Redemption 2. They appear primarily as mercenaries and investigators employed to track down the Van Der Linde gang after they stage a robbery in the town of Blackwater which resulted in several civilian deaths. The modern-day Pinkerton security company issued a cease-and-desist notice to Take-Two Interactive, publisher of Red Dead Redemption 2, in 2019 over the use of the company's trademarks[30] and the game's negative portrayal of Pinkertons as villains.[31] Take-Two filed a suit striking back at the cease-and-desist notice from Pinkerton, wanting a court to rule that its use of the Pinkerton name '-- as part of a game that emphasizes historical accuracy '-- was fair use, but on April 11, 2019, Pinkerton dismissed their lawsuit and settled out of court with Take-Two.[32]See also [ edit ] Anti-union organizations in the United StatesAnti-union violenceBaldwin''Felts Detective AgencyBattle of Blair MountainCoal and Iron Police, a Pinkerton-supervised private police force in PennsylvaniaColorado Labor WarsGeorge Samuel Dougherty, the private detective for the Pinkerton National Detective Agency from 1888''1911Morris Friedman, author of Pinkerton Labor SpyDashiell Hammett, author and former Pinkerton operativeHistorian J. Bernard Hogg, public reaction to Pinkertonism and the Labor QuestionIndustrial Workers of the WorldLabor spying in the United StatesFrank Little, American labor leader; lynched in 1917, allegedly by Pinkerton agentsList of worker deaths in United States labor disputesTimothy WebsterReferences [ edit ] ^ "Pinkerton Government Services, Inc.: Private Company Information '' Businessweek". investing.businessweek.com . Retrieved 24 September 2012 . ^ Green, James (2006). Death in the Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement, and the Bombing that Divided Gilded Age America. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-375-42237-4. p. 43 ^ Seiple, Samantha (2015). Lincoln's spymaster : Allan Pinkerton, America's first private eye. New York: Scholastic Press. ISBN 978-0-545-70901-9. OCLC 922643750. ^ TM Becker (1974). "The place of private police in society: An area of research for the Social Sciences". Social Problems. 21 (3): 438''453. doi:10.1525/sp.1974.21.3.03a00110. JSTOR 799910. ^ "Strike at Homestead Mill". Public Broadcasting System . Retrieved 27 June 2015 . ^ Krause, Paul (1992). The Battle for Homestead, 1890-1892: Politics, Culture, and Steel. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5466-4. p.20-21 ^ Krause, Paul; Krause, Paul; Paul Avrich Collection (Library of Congress) DLC (1992). The battle for Homestead, 1880-1892 : politics, culture, and steel. Internet Archive. Pittsburgh : University of Pittsburgh Press. ^ LinkedIn ^ Foner, Eric; Garraty, John Arthur, eds. (Oct 21, 1991). The Reader's Companion to American History. Houghton Mifflin Books. ISBN 0-395-51372-3. p. 842 ^ Robinson, Charles M (2005). American Frontier Lawmen 1850-1930. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-575-9. p. 63 ^ Horan, James David; Howard Swiggett (1951). The Pinkerton Story. Putnam. p. 202 ^ Morn, Frank (1982). The Eye That Never Sleeps: A History of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-32086-0. p. 18 ^ Churchill, Ward (Spring 2004). "From the Pinkertons to the PATRIOT Act: The Trajectory of Political Policing in the United States, 1870 to the Present". The New Centennial Review. 4 (1): 1''72. doi:10.1353/ncr.2004.0016. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. ^ 5 U.S. Code 3108; Public Law 89-554, 80 Stat. 416 (1966); ch. 208 (5th par. under "Public Buildings"), 27 Stat. 591 (1893). The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, in U.S. ex rel. Weinberger v. Equifax, 557 F.2d 456 (5th Cir. 1977), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1035 (1978), held that "The purpose of the Act and the legislative history reveal that an organization was 'similar' to the Pinkerton Detective Agency only if it offered for hire mercenary, quasi-military forces as strikebreakers and armed guards. It had the secondary effect of deterring any other organization from providing such services lest it be branded a 'similar organization.'" 557 F.2d at 462; see also "GAO Decision B-298370; B-298490, Brian X. Scott (Aug. 18, 2006)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. ^ "White, J.J." Homicide in Chicago 1870-1930 . Retrieved 2011-03-16 . ^ "Rassmuson, Hans". Homicide in Chicago 1870-1930 . Retrieved 2011-03-16 . ^ "Miller, Frank". Homicide in Chicago 1870-1930 . Retrieved 2011-03-16 . ^ Peter Carlson, Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood, W.W. Norton & Company, 1983, page 90 ^ Peter Carlson, Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood, W.W. Norton & Company, 1983, page 140 ^ Clark, Thomas D. (1970). Indiana University Midwestern Pioneer: The Early Years. Bloomington & London: Indiana University Press. pp. 257''260. ISBN 0-253-14170-2. ^ Kellams, Dina (October 12, 2016). "Sincerely Yours: The Pinkerton Detective Agency". Blogging Hoosier History. Indiana University Libraries . Retrieved October 19, 2016 . ^ "Deputy Sheriff Edwin P. Daniels". The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP). ^ Williams, David Ricardo (1998). Call in Pinkerton's: American Detectives at Work for Canada . Toronto: Dundurn Press. ISBN 1-550023-06-3. ^ Morn, Frank (1982). The Eye That Never Sleeps: A History of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-32086-0. p. 188-189 ^ Morn, Frank (1982). The Eye That Never Sleeps: A History of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-32086-0. p. 192. ^ The Pinkertons Still Never Sleep, New Republic, 23 March 2018 ^ About Securitas USA (company site) ^ "The Pinkertons TV Series". Rosetta Media and Buffalo Gal Pictures . Retrieved 2014-10-11 . ^ Andreeva, Nellie (July 23, 2014). "Angus Macfadyen Set To Play Allan Pinkerton In Syndicated Drama Series 'The Pinkertons ' ". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC . Retrieved 2014-10-11 . ^ "Rockstar defends Pinkerton name in 'Red Dead Redemption 2'", The Washington Post (Associated Press), January 19, 2019. ^ Nicholson, Tom. "The Actual Pinkerton Detective Agency Is Suing 'Red Dead Redemption 2'", Esquire, January 18, 2019. ^ Robertson, Adi (2019-04-11). "Take-Two dropped its lawsuit over Red Dead Redemption 2's Pinkerton agents". The Verge . Retrieved 2019-04-11 . Further reading [ edit ] Jonathan Obert. 2018. "Pinkertons and Police in Antebellum Chicago." in The Six-Shooter State: Public and Private Violence in American Politics. Cambridge University Press.Distler, A. David (2008). Anarchy in the Heartland-The Reno Gang Saga (A. Pinkerton & Sons direct involvement in 1868). Chagrin Falls, Ohio. ISBN 978-0-9705297-1-8. Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (2003). Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10159-7. Friedman, Morris (1907). The Pinkerton's Labor Spy. New York: Wilshire Book Co . Retrieved 2009-07-08 . O'Hara, S. Paul Inventing the Pinkertons; or, Spies, Sleuths, Mercenaries, and Thugs (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016). x, 194 pp.Siringo, Charles A. (1912). A Cowboy Detective: A True Story of Twenty-Two Years with a World-Famous Detective Agency. Chicago: W. B. Conkey Company . Retrieved 2009-07-08 . External links [ edit ] Official website Radio Programme with Ward Churchill
Bobby Seale - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 15:41
Co-founder of the Black Panther Party
Robert George Seale (born October 22, 1936[1]) is an American political activist. He and fellow activist Huey P. Newton co-founded the Black Panther Party.[2]
Early life [ edit ] Seale is the eldest of three children. He has a younger brother, Jon, and a younger sister, Betty.[3] He was born in Liberty, Texas to George Seale, a carpenter, and Thelma Seale (n(C)e Traylor), a homemaker.[4] The Seale family lived in poverty during most of Bobby Seale's early life. After moving around Texas, first to Dallas, then to San Antonio, and Port Arthur, his family eventually relocated to Oakland, California when he was eight years old. Seale attended Berkeley High School, then dropped out and joined the United States Air Force in 1955.[5] He was discharged for bad conduct three years after he joined for fighting with a commanding officer[citation needed ] at Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota.[4] After being dishonorably discharged from the Air Force, Seale worked as a sheet metal mechanic for various aerospace plants while studying for his high school diploma at night.[6] "I worked in every major aircraft plant and aircraft corporation, even those with government contracts. I was a top-flight sheet-metal mechanic".[7] After earning his high school diploma, Seale attended Merritt Community College where he studied engineering and politics until 1962.[8]
While at college, Bobby Seale joined the Afro-American Association (AAA), a group on the campus devoted to advocating black separatism. "I wanted to be an engineer when I went to college, but I got shifted right away since I became interested in American Black History and trying to solve some of the problems."[9] Through the AAA group, Seale met Huey P. Newton. In June 1966, Seale began working at the North Oakland Neighborhood Anti-Poverty Center in their summer youth program. Seale's objective was to teach the youth in the program Black American History and teach them a degree of responsibility towards the people living in their communities. While working in the program, Seale met Bobby Hutton, the first member of the Black Panther Party.[10]
Also at college, Seale became a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity.[11] He married Artie Seale, and had a son, Malik Nkrumah Stagolee Seale.[12]
Black Panthers [ edit ] Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton were heavily inspired by the teachings of activist Malcolm X, who was assassinated in 1965. The two joined together in October 1966 to create the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, which adopted the late activist's slogan "freedom by any means necessary" as their own. Before the Black Panther Party, Seale and Newton created a group known as the Soul Students Advisory Council. The group was organized so to allow it to function through "ultra-democracy," defined as individualism manifesting itself as an aversion to discipline. "The goal was to develop a college campus group that would help develop leadership; to go back to the black community and serve the black community in a revolutionary fashion".[13] Seale and Newton then created the Black Panther Party to organize the black community and express their desires and needs in order to resist the racism and classism perpetuated by the system. Seale described the Panthers as "an organization that represents black people and many white radicals relate to this and understand that the Black Panther Party is a righteous revolutionary front against this racist decadent, capitalistic system."[14]
Seale and Newton together wrote the doctrines "What We Want Now!" which Seale said were intended to be "the practical, specific things we need and that should exist" and "What We Believe," which outlines the philosophical principles of the Black Panther Party in order to educate the people and disseminate information about the specifics of the party's platform.[13] These writings were part of the party's Ten-Point Program, also known as "The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense Ten-Point Platform and Program," a set of guidelines to the Black Panther Party's ideals and ways of operation. Seale and Newton decided to name Newton Minister of Defense and Seale became the Chairman of the party.[15] During his time with the Panthers, he underwent surveillance by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) as part of its COINTELPRO program.[16]
In 1968, Seale wrote Seize the Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton, published in 1970.[7]
Seale on trial in 1970, State Attorney Arnold Markle in the background.
Bobby Seale was one of the original "Chicago Eight" defendants charged with conspiracy and inciting a riot in the wake of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Bobby Seale, while in prison, stated, "To be a Revolutionary is to be an Enemy of the state. To be arrested for this struggle is to be a Political Prisoner."[17] The evidence against Seale was slim, as he was a last-minute replacement for activist Eldridge Cleaver and had been in Chicago for only two days of the convention.[18] During the trial, one of Seale's many vociferous protests led Judge Julius Hoffman to have him bound and gagged,[19] as commemorated in the song "Chicago" written by Graham Nash[20] and mentioned in the poem and song "H2Ogate Blues" by Gil Scott-Heron.[21] On November 5, 1969, Judge Hoffman sentenced him to four years in prison for 16 counts of contempt, each count for three months of his imprisonment because of his outbursts during the trial, and eventually ordered Seale severed from the case, leading to the proceedings against the remaining defendants being renamed the "Chicago Seven".[22] The trial of the "Chicago Eight" was depicted in the 1987 HBO television movie Conspiracy: The Trial of the Chicago 8, whose script relied heavily upon transcripts from the court proceedings. Seale was portrayed by actor Carl Lumbly.[23]
Demonstration for Black Panther Bobby Seale in Amsterdam March 14, 1970
While serving his four-year sentence, Seale was put on trial again in 1970 in the New Haven Black Panther trials. Several officers of the Panther organization had murdered a fellow Panther, Alex Rackley, who had confessed under torture to being a police informant.[24] The leader of the murder plan, George Sams, Jr., turned state's evidence and testified that Seale, who had visited New Haven only hours before the murder, had ordered him to kill Rackley. The trials were accompanied by a large demonstration in New Haven on May Day, 1970, which coincided with the beginning of the American college student strike of 1970. The jury was unable to reach a verdict in Seale's trial, and the charges were eventually dropped. The government suspended his convictions and Seale was released from prison in 1972.[4] While Seale was in prison, his wife, Artie, became pregnant, allegedly by fellow Panther Fred Bennett. Bennett's mutilated remains were found in a suspected Panther hideout in April 1971.[25] Seale was implicated in the murder, with police suspecting he had ordered it in retaliation for the affair, but no charges were pressed.[26] Seale wrote an article titled "One Less Oppressor" that shows appreciation of the murder of Bennett and stated, "The people have now come to realize that the only way to deal with the oppressor is to deal on our own terms and this was done."[27]
Seale ran for Mayor of Oakland, California in 1973.[28] He received the second-most votes in a field of nine candidates[4] but ultimately lost in a run-off with incumbent Mayor John Reading.[28] In 1974, Seale and Huey Newton argued over a proposed movie about the Panthers that Newton wanted Bert Schneider to produce. According to several accounts, the argument escalated to a fight in which Newton, backed by his armed bodyguards, allegedly beat Seale with a bullwhip so badly that Seale required extensive medical treatment for his injuries. Afterwards, he went into hiding for nearly a year, and ended his affiliation with the Party in 1974.[29][30] Seale denied any such physical altercation took place, dismissing rumors that he and Newton were ever less than friends.[31]
The Ten Point Platform [ edit ] Bobby Seale worked with Huey Newton to create the Ten Point platform. The platform was a political and social demand for the survival of the Black population in the United States. The two men formulated the Ten Point Platform in the late 60s, and these ideologies grew into the Black Panther Party. The document encapsulated the economic exploitation of the black body, and addressed the mistreatment of the black race. This document was attractive to those suffering under the oppressive nature of white power. The document takes the position that combination of racism and capitalism resulted in fascism in the United States. The Ten Point Platform lays out the need for full employment of blacks, the need for their shelter, and decent education; decent education meaning the real history of the United States, the history including the murder of Native Americans and the enslavement of Africans. The platform calls for the release of political prisoners.
The points are as follows[32]:
We Want Freedom. We Want Power To Determine The Destiny Of Our Black Community.We Want Full Employment For Our People.We Want An End To The Robbery By The Capitalists Of Our Black Community.We Want Decent Housing Fit For The Shelter Of Human Beings.We Want Education For Our People That Exposes The True Nature Of This Decadent American Society. We Want Education That Teaches Us Our True History And Our Role In The Present-Day Society.We Want All Black Men To Be Exempt From Military Service.We Want An Immediate End To Police Brutality And Murder Of Black People.We Want Freedom For All Black Men Held In Federal, State, County And City Prisons And Jails.We Want All Black People When Brought To Trial To Be Tried In Court By A Jury Of Their Peer Group Or People From Their Black Communities, As Defined By The Constitution Of The United States.We Want Land, Bread, Housing, Education, Clothing, Justice And Peace. Life after the Black Panthers [ edit ] In 1988, Bobby Seale wrote an autobiography titled A Lonely Rage. Also, in 1987, he wrote a cookbook called Barbeque'n with Bobby Seale: Hickory & Mesquite Recipes, the proceeds going to various non-profit social organizations.[33] Seale also advertised Ben & Jerry's ice cream.[34]
In 1998, Seale appeared on the television documentary series Cold War, discussing the events of the 1960s. Bobby Seale was the central protagonist alongside Kathleen Cleaver, Jamal Joseph and Nile Rodgers in the 1999 theatrical documentary 'Public Enemy' by Jens Meurer, which premiered at the Venice Film Festival. In 2002, Seale began dedicating his time to Reach!, a group focused on youth education programs. He has also taught black studies at Temple University in Philadelphia. Seale appears in Roberto Bola±o's last novel, 2666, renamed as Barry Seaman. Also in 2002, Seale moved back to Oakland, working with young political advocates to influence social change.[1] In 2006, he appeared in the documentary The U.S. vs. John Lennon to discuss his friendship with John Lennon. Seale has also visited over 500 colleges to share his personal experiences as a Black Panther and to give advice to students interested in community organizing and social justice.[citation needed ]
Since 2013, Seale has been seeking to produce a screenplay he wrote based on his autobiography, Seize the Time: The Eighth Defendant.[35][36]
Seale co-authored Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers, a 2016 book with photographer Stephen Shames.[37]
Publications [ edit ] Seale, Bobby; Shames, Stephen. Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers. Abrams: New York. 2016. ISBN 9781419722400Seale, Bobby. Seize the Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton. Arrow Books and Hutchinson & Co., 2010. Reprint ISBN 0-933121-30-XSeale, Bobby. A Lonely Rage: The Autobiography of Bobby Seale, 1978. ISBN 0-8129-0715-9See also [ edit ] References [ edit ] ^ a b "Bobby Seale Biography". Biography.com. A&E Televsion Networks LLC . Retrieved April 29, 2020 . ^ "Huey P. Newton" . Retrieved September 1, 2016 . ^ "Bobby Seale". Black Panther Party. ^ a b c d Bobby Seale Archived March 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine at Spartacus Educational ^ Bagley, Mark. Bobby Seale biography Archived June 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Penn State University Libraries. Retrieved February 2, 2011. ^ "Bobby Seale" at Discover the Networks.org ^ a b Bobby Seale, Seize The Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party. ^ Civil Rights Movement: "Black Power" Era at Shmoop. ^ Seale, Bobby (1991). Seize The Time. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press. p.10 ^ Seale, Bobby (1991). Seize the Time: The Story of The Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton. Baltimore, MD. pp. 35, 43. ^ Presyce Media Group. "Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc". Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. ^ Jason Mitchell, "Malcolm X's Influence on the Black Panther Party's Philosophy" Archived October 5, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, History in an Hour, June 15, 2012. ^ a b Seale, Bobby (1991). Seize The Time. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press. pp. 59''62. ISBN 0-933121-30-X. ^ The Black Panther Leaders Speak pp. 21-22, On Violent Revolution. ^ Seale, Bobby (1991). Seize The Time. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-933121-30-X. ^ "Archival newsfilm footage of a Bobby Seale press conference on police intimidation, from 1966". diva.sfsu.edu. ^ The Black Panther Leaders Speak, p. 23. On Violent Revolution. ^ "A Special Supplement: The Trial of Bobby Seale". Nybooks.com . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ iPad iPhone Android TIME TV Populist The Page (November 14, 1969). "Trials: Contempt in Chicago". TIME . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ "Mr. Fish in Conversation With Graham Nash". Truthdig.com . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ "H20-GATE BLUES (WATERGATE BLUES)". American-buddha.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012 . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ [1] at Discover the Networks.org ^ "Maxine Michaels - Birthday SALUTE - Robert George "Bobby"... | Facebook". www.facebook.com . Retrieved September 1, 2016 . ^ "Two Controversial Cases in New Haven History: The Amistad Affair (1839) and The Black Panther Trials (1970)". Yale.edu . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ "Remote Panther Hideout was Slaying Scene". The Palm Beach Post, April 21, 1971. ^ Jama Lazerow, Yohuru R. Williams. In Search of the Black Panther Party: New Perspectives on a Revolutionary Movement. Duke University Press. 2006, p. 170. ^ The Black Panther Leaders Speak, p. 24, On Violent Revolution. ^ a b Bobby Seale Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine at Pennsylvania State University's online library ^ Kate Coleman and Paul Avery. The Party's Over. New Times. July 10, 1978. ^ Hugh Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther, 1994. ^ "Former Black Panther draws crowd of more than 600". Ur.umich.edu. January 23, 1996 . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ "Black Panther's Ten-Point Program". www.marxists.org. ^ "Robert George Seale". Africawithin.com . Retrieved March 25, 2013 . ^ Gillespie, J. David (December 7, 2012). Challengers to Duopoly: Why Third Parties Matter in American Two-Party Politics. Univ of South Carolina Press. ISBN 9781611171129. ^ Obenson, Tambay A. (March 29, 2013). "Bobby Seale Still Fundraising For Scripted Black Panthers Life Story Feature Film". IndieWire.com . Retrieved August 30, 2018 . ^ Whiting, Sam (October 14, 2016). "Bobby Seale, Black Panthers founder, writes his own history". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved August 30, 2018 . ^ "Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers". PublishersWeekly.com . Retrieved August 29, 2018 . Further reading [ edit ] Pearson, Hugh. The Shadow of the Panther: Huey P. Newton and the Price of Black Power in America. Addison-Wesley, 1994. ISBN 0-201-48341-6.External links [ edit ] American Black Journal, interview, 1978Swindle, interview, 2007Appearances on C-SPAN
Mulford Act - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 15:31
Mulford ActCaliforniaAB-1591: To Com. on Crim. Pro.
Enacted byRonald ReaganPassed1967EnactedJuly 29, 1967Legislative historyBillFirearms lawBill published onApril 5, 1967Introduced byDon Mulford, John T. Knox, Walter J. Karabian, Frank Murphy Jr., Alan Sieroty, William M. KetchumFirst readingApril 5, 1967Second readingJune 7, 1967Third readingJune 8, 1967First readingJune 8, 1967Second readingJune 27, 1967Third readingJuly 26, 1967The Mulford Act was a 1967 California bill that repealed a law allowing public carrying of loaded firearms. Named after Republican assemblyman Don Mulford, and signed into law by then governor of California, Ronald Reagan, the bill was crafted in response to members of the Black Panther Party who were lawfully conducting armed patrols of Oakland neighborhoods, in what would later be termed copwatching.[1] They garnered national attention after Black Panthers members, bearing arms, marched upon the California State Capitol to protest the bill.[2][3][4]
Assembly Bill 1591 was introduced by Don Mulford (R) from Oakland on April 5th, 1967, and subsequently co-sponsored by John T. Knox (D) from Richmond, Walter J. Karabian (D) from Monterey Park, Frank Murphy Jr. (R) from Santa Cruz, Alan Sieroty (D) from Los Angeles, and William M. Ketchum (R) from Bakersfield,[5]. AB-1591 was made an ''urgency statute'' under Article IV, §8(d) of the Constitution of California after ''an organized band of men armed with loaded firearms [...] entered the Capitol'' on May 2nd, 1967[6]; as such, it required a 2/3 majority in each house. It passed the Assembly (controlled by Democrats 42:38) at subsequent readings, passed the Senate (controlled by Democrats, 20:19) on July 26th by 29 votes to 7[7], and was signed by Governor Ronald Reagan on July 28th, 1967. The law banned the carrying of loaded weapons in public.[8]
Both Republicans and Democrats in California supported increased gun control, as did the National Rifle Association of America, a major supporter of the act. [9] Governor Ronald Reagan, who was coincidentally present on the capitol lawn when the protesters arrived, later commented that he saw "no reason why on the street today a citizen should be carrying loaded weapons" and that guns were a "ridiculous way to solve problems that have to be solved among people of good will." In a later press conference, Reagan added that the Mulford Act "would work no hardship on the honest citizen."[10]
The bill was signed by Reagan and became California penal code 25850 and 171c.
See also [ edit ] Black Panther PartyReferences [ edit ] Further reading [ edit ] Leonardatos, Cynthia Deitle (1999). "California's Attempts to Disarm the Black Panthers". San Diego Law Review. 36 (4): 947. Hemmens, Craig (July 2000). "Resisting Unlawful Arrest in Mississippi: Resisting the Modern Trend". California Criminal Law Review. 2 (1). SSRN 235760 . Hampton, Henry; Fayer, Steve (2011). "Birth of the Black Panthers, 1966''1967". Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s. Random House. pp. 349''72. ISBN 978-0-307-57418-3. Sanders, Kindaka (2015). "A Reason to Resist: The Use of Deadly Force in Aiding Victims of Unlawful Police Aggression". San Diego Law Review. 52 (3): 695''750.
Thuggee - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 15:14
ThuggeeGroup of Thugs around 1894
FoundedUnknown[1]Named afterSanskrit word for concealment[2]Founding locationCentral India and BengalYears activeUnknownTerritoryIndian subcontinentMembershipunknownActivitiesMurder, robberyRivalsBritish RajThuggee (, ) refers to the acts of Thugs, an organised gang of professional robbers and murderers. The English language word thug traces its roots to the Hindi ठग (ṭhag), which means 'swindler' or 'deceiver'. Related words are the verb thugna ('to deceive'), from the Sanskrit स्थग (sthaga 'cunning, sly, fraudulent') and स्थगतठ(sthagati, 'he conceals').[3] This term, describing the murder and robbery of travellers, was popular in the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent and particularly India.
Thugs are said to have travelled in groups across the Indian subcontinent.[4] There were numerous traditions about their origin. One recorded by D. F. McLeod traced it to some Muslim tribes formed from those who fled Delhi after murdering a physician. Another traced it to some great Muslim families who fled after murdering a favoured slave of Akbar.[5] These original Muslim Thugs spread Thuggee amongst Rajputs, Hindus, Lodhis and Ahirs.[6] According to other traditions by Thugs, they were Kanjars or descended from those who worked in the Mughal camps.[7][8] Others have blamed the rise of Thugs on the disbanding of armies in employment of Indian rulers after the British conquest.[9]Thugs are said to have operated as gangs of highway robbers, tricking and later strangling their victims.[10]
To take advantage of their victims, the thugs would join travellers and gain their confidence; this would allow them to surprise and strangle the travellers with a handkerchief or noose. They would then rob and bury their victims. This led to the thugs being called Phansigar (English: "using a noose" ), a term more commonly used in southern India.[11] During the 1830s, the thugs were targeted for eradication by the Governor-General of India, Lord William Bentinck, and his chief captain, William Henry Sleeman.
Contemporary scholarship is increasingly skeptical of the thuggee concept, and has questioned the existence of such a phenomenon,[12][13] which has led historians to describe thuggee as the invention of the British colonial regime.[14]
Modus operandi [ edit ] The Thuggee units would resemble the physical appearance of travellers. Initially they wore turbans and carried with themselves some kinds of baggage. Their attire as travelers would deceive peasants and royalty alike.
The methods used by Thuggee were meant to reap maximum loot without being caught. They did not accost travelers unless their own numbers were greater than the victims. They flattered travelers they met, which gave them a chance to assess what wealth their targets might have. Many of them avoided committing thuggee near the areas they lived, making discovering their crimes a difficult task.[15] They often pretended to be either Hindu or Muslim to fool their victims.[16]
They usually attacked in the evening. A common method used by them was to distract their targets while striking to strangle them from behind. In order to avoid suspicion, they avoided carrying more than a few swords.[17] Sometimes they mutilated corpses of their victims to avoid detection.[18] The corpses were then hidden or buried.[19]
A leader of a gang was called jemadar.[20] Usage of military-style ranks such as jemadar and subedar among Thugs as well as reference to individual members as a "private", suggests that the organisation of their gangs had a military link.[21]
They used a jargon known as Ramasee to disguise their true intentions from their targets.[18] Although strangulation is one of their most-recognised methods of murder, they also used blades and poison.[22]
The thugs comprised both men who had inherited thuggee as a family vocation, as well as those who were forced to turn to it out of necessity.[23] The leadership of many of the groups tended to be hereditary with family members sometimes serving together in the same band. Such Thugs were known as aseel.[24] Many Thugs insisted, however, that novices were not taught Thuggee by their family but by others who were often more experienced Thugs, sometimes also called a guru.[25] While they usually kept their acts a secret, female thugs also existed and were called baronee in Ramasee, while an important male Thug was called baroo.[26]
They would often avoid killing children of victims and instead adopted them.[27] They sometimes tended to murder women and children to eliminate witnesses or in case they had substantial loot.[28] Some of the thugs avoided murdering victims they considered proscribed according to their beliefs and let other unscrupulous members commit the murder or were forced to let them by those who did not believe in their customs like the Muslim thugs.[29]
History [ edit ] The earliest known reference to the Thugs as a band or fraternity, rather than ordinary thieves, is found in Ziau-d din Barni's History of Firoz Shah (written about 1356).[30] He narrated an incident of the sultan Jalal-ud-din Khalji having 1,000 arrested thugs being sent to Lakhnauti or Gaur:[31]
In the reign of that sultan [about 1290], some Thugs were taken in Delhi, and a man belonging to that fraternity was the means of about a thousand being captured. But not one of these did the sultan have killed. He gave orders for them to be put into boats and to be conveyed into the lower country, to the neighbourhood of Lakhnauti, where they were to be set free. The Thugs would thus have to dwell about Lakhnauti and would not trouble the neighbourhood of Delhi any more.
'--'‰Sir HM Elliot, History of India, iii. 141
Surdas, in his allegorical couplet, mentioned robbers called "thags" who lured a victim while also killing and looting his property. The Janamsakhis used the term thag to refer to a robber who used to lure pilgrims. Jean de Th(C)venot in his account referred to a band of robbers who used a "certain Slip with a running noose" to strangle their victims. John Fryer also mentions a similar method of strangling used by robbers from Surat whom he saw being given capital punishment by the Mughals in 1675. He mentioned that three of them were relatives, which Kim Wagner notices is similar to the Thugs who were thought to have engaged in this as a family profession. A decree issued by Aurangzeb in 1672 refers to a similar method and uses the term "Phansigar".[32]
Guru Multhoo Byragee Jogee, a native of Ajmere aged 90, in jail (1840)
Murdan Khan and gang from
Lucknow (1840)
Watercolour (1837) by unknown artist of three Thugs strangling a traveller; one holds his feet, another his hands and a third tightens the ligature around his neck. Created in
Lucknow, based on descriptions from imprisoned Thug leaders (Dash, 2005)
Sketch by the same artist of a group of Thugs stabbing the eyes of murdered travellers before throwing the bodies into a well.
The garrote is often depicted as a weapon of the Thuggee.[33][34] Other evidences suggest that the Katar (dagger) was their personal status weapon, the Thuggee wore this weapon proudly across their chest. Early references to Thugs reported they committed their strangulation murders with nooses of rope or catgut, but later they adopted the use of a length of cloth that could be used as a sash or scarf, and thus more easily concealed.[35] This cloth is sometimes described as a rumāl (head covering or kerchief), translated as "yellow scarf"; "yellow", in this case, may refer to a natural cream or khaki colour rather than bright yellow.
The Thug preference for strangulation might have originated in a quirk of the law under the Mughal Empire, which ruled most of India from the 1500s.[35] For a murderer to be sentenced to death, he or she must have shed the blood of their victim. Those who murdered but did not shed blood might face imprisonment, hard labor and paying a penalty'--but they would not risk execution.
A poison called datura, derived from a plant in the Nightshade family, was sometimes used by Thugs to induce drowsiness or stupefaction, making strangulation easier.[35]
The "River Thugs" preyed upon people including Hindu pilgrims travelling using the Ganga river and became mostly active during the winter like their compatriots from Murnae, Bundelkhand and Awadh. Their dialect of Ramasee differed from the one used by their compatriots on land and used boats taken on lease from their builders or from a jemadar called Khuruck Baboo. Sleeman states that they tapped three times to give the signal to murder which they always committed during the day. To avoid detection of a corpse, they broke its back and threw it in the river to be eaten by crocodiles and only looted money or jewels.[36]
British suppression [ edit ] William Henry Sleeman, superintendent of the Thuggee and Dacoity Department
The British found out about them in Southern India for the first time in 1807, while in North India they were discovered in 1809 with an effort to suppress them being carried out from 1809''1812.[37]
After a dispute developed between the zamindar Tejun and the Thug Ghasee Ram in 1812, the latter took refuge with his family under another landlord called Laljee. Tejun in turn revealed the thugs of Sindouse to Nathaniel Halhed.[38] Thomas Perry, the magistrate of Etawah, assembled some soldiers of the East India Company under the command of Halheld in 1812 to suppress the Thugs.[39] Laljee and his forces including over 100 Thugs were defeated, with the village of Murnae, a headquarter of the Thugs, destroyed and burnt by the Company soldiers.[40] Laljee fled to Rampura and the southern banks of Sindh River but was caught by the Marathas who turned him over to the Company.[41][42]
British authorities had occasionally captured and prosecuted Thugs, circulating information about these cases in newsletters or the journal Asiatick Researches of The Asiatic Society. However, Sleeman seems to have been the first to realize that information obtained from one group of stranglers might be used to track and identify other thugs in a different district. His first major breakthrough was the capture of "Feringhea" (also known as Syeed Amir Ali, Khuda Buksh, Deahuct Undun and Daviga Persaud[10]), who was persuaded to turn King's evidence. (Feringhea's story was the basis of the successful 1839 novel Confessions of a Thug). Feringhea brought Sleeman to a mass grave with a hundred bodies, told him the circumstances of the murders and named the Thugs who had committed them.[43]
After initial investigations confirmed what Feringhea had said, Sleeman began an extensive campaign using profiling and intelligence. Sleeman was made superintendent of the Thuggee and Dacoity Department in 1835, an organ of the Indian government first established by the East India Company in 1830.[44] (Dacoity was a type of organized banditry, distinguished from Thugs most notably by its open practice and due to the fact that murder was not an intrinsic element of their modus operandi.) Sleeman developed elaborate intelligence techniques that pre-dated similar methods in Europe and the US by decades.[35]
Records were made in which the accused were given prisoner numbers, against which their names, residences, fellow thugs, and the criminal acts for which they were blamed were also noted.[citation needed ] Many thugs' names were similar; they often lacked surnames since the Thuggee naming convention was to use the names of their tribes, castes and job assignments in the gangs.[citation needed ] Accurate recording was also difficult because the thugs adopted many aliases, with both Muslim and Hindu thugs often posing as members of the other religion.[citation needed ] Per the Thug Ghulam Hussain, though Hindus and Muslims avoided eating together, such was not the case for drinking and smoking.[16][10]
The campaign relied heavily on captured Thugs who became informants. These informants were offered protection on the condition that they told everything that they knew. According to historian Mike Dash, who carefully examined the relevant documents in the UK archives, suspects were subject to bench trials before English judges. Though the trials were lacking by later standards (e.g., suspects were not allowed legal representation), they were conducted with care to protocols of the time. While most suspects were convicted, Dash notes that the courts genuinely seemed interested in finding the truth and rejected a minority of allegations due to mistaken identity or insufficient evidence. Even by later standards, Dash argues, the evidence of guilt for many Thugs was often overwhelming.[35]
Because they used boats and disposed of their victims in rivers,[45] the "River Thugs" were able to evade the British authorities for some time after their compatriots on land were suppressed.[citation needed ] They were ultimately betrayed to the authorities by one of their compatriots, from Awadh.[citation needed ] Forces under Sleeman's command hunted them down in 1836.[46]
Aftermath [ edit ] By the 1870s the Thug cult was essentially extinct, but the history of Thuggee led to the Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) of 1871. Although the CTA was repealed at Indian independence, tribes considered criminal still exist in India.[47][48] The Thuggee and Dacoity Department remained in existence until 1904, when it was replaced by the Central Criminal Intelligence Department (CID).
In Following the Equator, Mark Twain wrote about an 1839 government report by William Henry Sleeman:[43]
There is one very striking thing which I wish to call attention to. You have surmised from the listed callings followed by the victims of the Thugs that nobody could travel the Indian roads unprotected and live to get through; that the Thugs respected no quality, no vocation, no religion, nobody; that they killed every unarmed man that came in their way. That is wholly true '-- with one reservation. In all the long file of Thug confessions an English traveler is mentioned but once'--and this is what the Thug says of the circumstance:
"He was on his way from Mhow to Bombay. We studiously avoided him. He proceeded next morning with a number of travellers who had sought his protection, and they took the road to Baroda."
We do not know who he was; he flits across the page of this rusty old book and disappears in the obscurity beyond; but he is an impressive figure, moving through that valley of death serene and unafraid, clothed in the might of the English name.
We have now followed the big official book through, and we understand what Thuggee was, what a bloody terror it was, what a desolating scourge it was. In 1830 the English found this cancerous organisation embedded in the vitals of the empire, doing its devastating work in secrecy, and assisted, protected, sheltered, and hidden by innumerable confederates'--big and little native chiefs, customs officers, village officials, and native police, all ready to lie for it, and the mass of the people, through fear, persistently pretending to know nothing about its doings; and this condition of things had existed for generations, and was formidable with the sanctions of age and old custom. If ever there was an unpromising task, if ever there was a hopeless task in the world, surely it was offered here'--the task of conquering Thuggee. But that little handful of English officials in India set their sturdy and confident grip upon it, and ripped it out, root and branch! How modest do Captain Vallancey's words sound now, when we read them again, knowing what we know:
"The day that sees this far-spread evil completely eradicated from India, and known only in name, will greatly tend to immortalise British rule in the East."
It would be hard to word a claim more modestly than that for this most noble work.
'--'‰Chapter xlvi, conclusion
Thug view [ edit ] The Thugs Worshipping Kalee, around 1850
[49]Although Thugs trace their origins back to Kali's fabled battle against Raktabija, their foundation is closer to tantric[disambiguation needed ] cults which depart from Vedic versions and Puranic narrations. Thugs considered themselves to be the children of Kali, having been created from her sweat.[50] However, many of the Thugs who were captured and convicted by the British were Muslims,[51] perhaps up to a third.[35]
According to colonial sources, Thugs believed that they played a positive role in saving human lives. Without the Thugs' sacred service, Kali might destroy all mankind:
"It is God who kills, but Bhowanee has [a] name for it.""God is all in all, for good and evil.""God has appointed blood for [Bhowanee's] food, saying 'khoon tum khao': feed thou upon blood. In my opinion it is very bad, but what can she do, being ordered to subsist upon blood!""Bhowanee is happy and more so in proportion to the blood that is shed."[52]The Muslim thugs while retaining their monotheistic faith, had functionalised Bhavani for Thuggee and she was syncretised as a spirit subordinate to Allah. A Muslim thug caught by Sleeman stated "In my heart, I take the name of God, when I strangle a man '' saying "thou God and ruler!" "Alla, toomee Malik!" I do not pray to Bhowanee, but I worship her." Other Muslim thugs who had agreed to testify for Sleeman, stated they had assimilated Bhavani with Islamic prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatimah who killed Raktabija and started the practice of Thuggee.[53]
According to historian Mike Dash, the Thugs had no religious motive to kill. When religious elements were present among Thugs, their beliefs, in principle, were little different from the religious beliefs of many others who lived on the Indian subcontinent and attributed their success or failure to supernatural powers: "Indeed all of the Thugs's legends which concerned the goddess [Kali] featured exactly the cautionary notes which are typically found in folklore."[35]
Donald Friell McLeod who led the campaign against them in the Rajputana Agency, recorded the traditions of their origins. According to them, they were originally Muslims and were taught Thugee by the deity Devi or Bhavani. They then joined the Lodha people and migrated to Delhi where 84 tribes which were a part of all the criminal clans of India also became a part of the Thugs. A physician who belonged to these 84 tribes gained prominence after curing a royal elephant and was murdered by other Thugs. A schism developed and they left Delhi, which in turn led to the origin of seven Muslim tribes. According to McLeod, these tribes were named Bhyns, Bursot, Kachinee, Hutar, Kathur Gugra, Behleem and Ganoo. According to him, the thugs from Delhi were separated into more than 12 "classes".[54]
The earliest recorded traditions about the origins of the Thugs date back to 1760. Based on genealogies which were recounted by some Thugs, historian Mike Dash stated that the origin of the Thuggee can be dated back to the second half of the 17th century. A general consensus among them was that they originated in Delhi. The thug Gholam Hossyn who was caught in early 1800s stated that his accomplices believed that Thugs had existed since the time of Alexander the Great. Another tradition among Thugs who lived in the early 1800s stated that they had lived in Delhi till the time of Akbar and consisted of seven great Muslim clans, though they had Hindu names, during the period. After one of them killed a favoured slave of Akbar, they left Delhi for other regions in order to avoid being targeted by the emperor.[5] A Brahmin thug who was interrogated by Sleeman referred to the Muslim thugs as "Kunjurs" or Kanjars though another Thug denied this.[7]
Kim Wagner asserts that we can analyse their traditions about events after their flight from Delhi "to a much greater advantage". A tradition which was recounted by a captive Thug stated that the Thugs had originally tried to settle in Agra and they later settled in Akoopore in the Doab region. However, they had to flee to Himmutpur and later they fled to Parihara after their kings started demanding a larger share of the loot. In turn the original Muslim Thugs helped spread Thuggee amongst other groups like the Brahmins, Rajputs, Hindus, the Lodhi people and the Ahir people.[55]
One thug stated that some of the ancestors of the Thugs were forced to disguise themselves as Khunjurs while they were fleeing Delhi but they were high-caste Muslims. He, however, stated that their claimed descent may be wrong and some of them may be partially descended from poor people who worked in the Mughal army's camps. However, their claim that membership in the Thugs' clans was closed to outsiders is contradicted by the fact that people of all backgrounds were allowed to join them by the early 19th century according to available evidence.[8]
They considered it sinful to kill women, fakirs, bards, musicians and dancers.[56] Like the ancient Hindu texts which distinguished robbery from the murder of Brahmans, women or children as violent crimes, many Thugs considered it taboo to kill people who belonged to such categories.[57] Those who worked in lowly professions, the diseased and disabled were also forbidden as victims based on their folk belief.[58] The thugs who broke these rules of the fraternity were often believed to have been targeted by divine punishment and their manner of death was thought to depend upon the rules they broke.[59]
Sects [ edit ] The East India Company officers since the time of Thomas Perry, who was appointed to Etawah in 1811, came to understand that there were many Thug groups and they all viewed themselves to be different than the other groups.[60]
The Thug sects were mostly identified based on their habitat, but also based on their professions. The sect called Jamuldahee was named so because its members lived along the Yamuna river, they hailed from the Doab and Awadh regions. Another stated origin is that their ancestor was the Thug Jumulud Deen. The Telinganie originated from Telangana, Arcottees from Arcot and Beraries from Berar. The Lodaha sect, mostly concentrated in Bihar, were caravaneers named after the lodha or load they carried and according to a Thug from the Doab, originated from the same ancestors of his clan. The Lodahas were prevalent in the region around Nepal in Bihar and Bengal during the tenure of Perry and originally hailed from Awadh which they left around 1700. A Deccan Thug stated that the "Hindu Thugs of Talghat", located around the Krishna River, didn't marry with the Telinganies whom they considered to be descendants of lower classes as a result of their professions.[61][62] The Telinganie sect were also disparagingly called Handeewuls (from handi) due to their eating habits.[63]
The Pungoo or Bungoo of Bengal derived their name from the region, with the Lodhees or Lodaha also present. The Motheea sect of Rampur-Purnia region was from a caste of weavers and their name derived from the practice of giving "handful" (muhti) of the spoils to the head. In the Uttar Pradesh the sects were: the Korkureeas from Kohrur, Agureeas of Agra, Jumaldahees, Lodhees and Tundals. The Multaneea were from Multan. In Madhya Pradesh the sects were: Bangureeas or Banjaras, Balheems or Bulheems, Khokhureeas and Soopurreeas of Sheopur. In modern Rajasthan, the sects were Guguras whose name derives from river Ghaggar and Sooseeas who were part of the Dhanuk clan. The Dhoulanee sect existed in modern-day Maharashtra. The Duckunies of Deccan were from Munirabad and Kurnaketies from Carnatic region. Another sect was Kathurs whose name derives from a bowl called kathota, based on a tradition of a man who held it during celebrations by Thugs. The Qulundera sect's name was derived from the Muslim saints called qalandar. There were also Jogee thugs who were divided into twelve sub-groups.[64]
According to Feringheea, the Brahmins of Tehngoor village of Parihar were taught the Thuggee after they accompanied the kings of Meos to Delhi and later helped in spreading it in the region around Murnae. He also states that two of his ancestors who had settled and intermarried with Brahmins of Murnae about seven generations ago, which led to the introduction of Thuggee in the area. A Thug hailing from Shikohabad whilst talking of his clan's origin recounted to Perry a tradition that the Munhars were influenced to take up Thuggee after witnessing the immense plunder acquired by Afghans, Mewatties and the Sheikhs.[65]
Sleeman in 1839 identified a band called "Meypunnaists" who he stated abducted children to sell them further. Another band called "Tashmabazes" who utilised methods introduced by a British soldier deployed at Kanpur in 1802 were also identified by him.[66] The group called "River Thugs" were based deep in the South Bengal region.[46]
Colonial British view [ edit ] The British view of the Thuggee was merely as a form of ritual murder by Kali-worshippers. Sleeman's view of it as an aberrant faith was based on the contemporary British view of Hinduism as a despicable and immoral faith of idol worship.[67] R. C. Sherwood in Asiatick Resarches published in 1820 traces this phenomenon back to the Muslim conquests of India and suggested links to Hindu mythology.[68] Charles Trevelyan however instead of seeing them as a deviant sect, considered them to be representatives of the "essence" of Hinduism which he considered as "evil" and "false".[69] Sleeman considered some Brahmins acted as intelligence providers to Thugs, claiming that they profited from Thuggee and directed it.[70]
Kali's worship by thugs, both Muslims and Hindus, was emphasised by the British. McLeod commented, "It is a notable fact that not only amongst the Thugs, but in an especial manner among all lawless fraternities, and to a certain extent throughout the uneducated population of Central India, the Mussulmans vie with the Hindus in a devotion of this sanguinary deity (Devi or Bhavani) far exceeding that they pay to any other."[71] David Ochterlony blamed the Pindaris for the rise of Thuggee while Sleeman blamed it on Indian rulers dismissing their armies which took away the jobs of many soldiers.[9] Based on Sleeman's writings about the Thugs, Robert Vane Russell claimed that most of them were Kanjars. He viewed the Muslim Kanjars as having recently converted to Islam.[7]
Alexander Cunningham in 1882 had commented on Hiouen-Thsang's remarks about "people who visited Kahalgaon forgot to leave it", stating that the actual reason might have been different than what the monk meant and made an analogy of it with Kahalgaon's later reputation as a place frequented by the "River Thugs".[31]
Dispute and skepticism [ edit ] Contemporary scholars are increasingly skeptical of the "thuggee" concept, and have questioned the existence of such a phenomenon.[12][13] The representation of Thuggee by British colonizer thuggee is said by some critics to be full of inconsistencies and exaggerations; however the more radical critics in this camp have themselves been criticized for overly focusing on the British perception of thuggee rather than on the historical accuracy of primary source documents.[72] Numerous historians have described "thuggee" as basically the invention of the British colonial regime.[73]
Martine van Woerkens of ‰cole Pratique des Hautes ‰tudes writes that evidence for a Thug cult in the 19th century was the product of "colonial imaginings", arising from British fear of the little-known interior of India, as well as limited understanding of the religious and social practices of its inhabitants.[74]
Cynthia Ann Humes states that the testimony of most of the thugs captured by Sleeman does not support his view of priests profiting from and directing the Thugs. She adds that the Islamic idea of fate or Iqbal was more commonly invoked during Thuggee acts, while invoking the Hindu Bhavani was rare.[70]
Historian Kim Wagner views the policies of East India Company in relation to the dismissal of armies of the conquered Indian kingdoms as being responsible for the development of Thuggee. Roaming bands of freelance soldiers had often joined one kingdom or another during the pre-British era, with the main income of many armies coming from plunder. After being dismissed from military service, they turned to robbery as a means of subsistence.[9] He also contested whether the thugs mentioned by Firuz Shah Tughlaq's biography were actually the same Thugs the British authorities fought against.[75]
Sagnik Bhattacharya agrees with the skeptics and claims the thug-phenomenon to be nothing but a manifestation of the fear of the Unknown that dawned on the British Raj at the thought of being alone in the wilderness of Central India. Using literary and legal sources, he has connected the 'information panic' of the thug-phenomenon to the limitations of British demographic models that fell short of truly capturing the ethnic diversity of India. He calls the thug panic of the 1830s'--the Raj's angst at realizing its own ignorance of local society.[76]
In popular culture [ edit ] Sikh Guru Nanak's Janamsakhis describes an encounter with a Thug Sheikh Sajjan[77]The 1839 novel Confessions of a Thug by Philip Meadows Taylor is based on the Thuggee cult, revolving around a fictional Thug who is named Ameer[78] Ali. The novel popularized the word "thug" in the English language.Several of Emilio Salgari's Sandokan novels describe a struggle with the Thugs. The first of them '' I misteri della jungla nera (1887) '' was originally published with the title Gli strangolatori del Gange ('The stranglers of the Ganges').The 1931 crime novel The Case of the Frightened Lady by Edgar Wallace makes an indirect reference to the Thuggee murders by featuring "Indian scarves" which are used as murder weapons, as do its 1940 and 1963 West German film adaptations.The 1939 film Gunga Din features British soldiers' conflict with a resurgent sect of Thuggee cultists.The Thuggees and their method of killing are made reference to in the 1945 film Hangover Square.Sympathy For The Devil (1968), a song by The Rolling Stones, features the lyrics: "And I laid traps for the troubadors / Who get killed before they reach Bombay" possibly referring to the murder of Tibetan musicians by Thuggee cultists.The Stranglers of Bombay (1959), is a film which is centered around a lone British officer who investigates and uncovers the doings of the Thuggee cult.Help! (1965), a film which revolves around The Beatles' encounters with an Eastern Cult, is thought to parody the Thuggee.Sunghursh (1968), an Indian Bollywood film, gives a fictionalized account of a thug who tries not to join his family business which is ThuggeeThe Deceivers (1988) is an adventure film about the murderous Thugs of India which is based on the 1952 John Masters novel with the same name. Pierce Brosnan plays William Savage, a tax-collector for a British-Indian company who goes under cover in 1825 in order to investigate a Thuggee sect.Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) showcases the Thuggee cult with fictionalized religious ritual and the primary antagonist, Mola Ram, being a Thuggee High Priest of Kali.The fictional DC Comics villain Ravan (starting 1987), a member of the Suicide Squad, is a modern-day member of the Thuggee cult.The Black Company, a dark fantasy series by Glen Cook, features a cult called the Deceivers, largely based on the Thuggee, which plays a major role in the later novels.Ameer Ali thug na peela rumal ni gaanth, a novel in 3 parts by the famous Gujarati thriller writer Harkisan Mehta, is a fictionalized account of the thug Amir Ali, with references to the infamous Pindari chief Chitu Pindari.Theeran Adhigaaram Ondru (2017; Tamil) an honest police officer finds himself transferred again and again due to his sincerity. After his latest transfer, he comes across a file that involves a gang of ruthless thieves who loot and kill along the highway. A group of 13 people whose roots go back to these Thuggee tribes whose members camouflaged themselves as logistics and goods delivery vendors and plundered random cities and brutally murdered families, including women and children. Tamil Nadu police took this matter seriously when a member of the legislative assembly was victimized. This cult was brought down after a country-wide operation was conducted with limited resources for over 18 months.Thugs of Hindostan (2018) is a Bollywood epic action-adventure film about a band of Thugs which resists the British East India Company's rule in India. The film stars Amitabh Bachchan, Aamir Khan, Katrina Kaif, Fatima Sana Shaikh and Lloyd Owen.Many novels by the Italian writer Emilio Salgari which are about Sandokan's adventures feature the Thug as enemies of the heroes. His novel I misteri della giungla nera (1895) revolves around the main character Tremal Naik's fight to save Ada Corisant, the daughter of a British officer, who has been kidnapped by the Thugs.Ebong Inquistion, a Bengali novel series by Avik Sarkar, also features detailed events in which the Thuggees are the key participants, with references to Sleeman, Feringhea, Khuda Baksh and others.Kali Yug, la dea della vendetta and Il mistero del tempio indianofilms by Mario Camerini (1963) features Klaus Kinski and Omar Sharif as Thug leaders.The strategy game Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties features Thuggees and dacoits, both of whom are available to players as hired mercenaries, though they are somewhat inaccurately depicted as using pistols and muskets.References [ edit ] ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-230-59020-5. ^ "Thuggees '' the Cult Assassins of India". ancient-origins.net. 2 October 2014. ^ "Thugs". 1902encyclopedia.com . Retrieved 1 October 2017 . ^ "Tracing India's cult of Thugs". 3 August 2003. Los Angeles Times. ^ a b Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. pp. 28, 36 & 37. ISBN 978-1-84708-473-6. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 154; 155. ISBN 978-0-230-59020-5. ^ a b c Martine van Woerkens (3 February 2011). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. University of Chicago Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-226-85086-3. ^ a b Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 37. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ a b c K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 92. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ a b c David Scott Katsan (2006). The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 141. ISBN 9780195169218. ^ R.V. Russell; R.B.H. Lai (1995). The tribes and castes of the central provinces of India. Asian Educational Services. p. 559. ISBN 978-81-206-0833-7 . Retrieved 19 April 2011 . ^ a b Cristina M. Gmez-Fernndez; Om P. Dwivedi (2014). Tabish Khair: Critical Perspectives. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 9781443857888. ^ a b MacFie, Alexander Lyon (2008). "Thuggee: An orientalist construction?". Rethinking History. 12 (3): 383''397. doi:10.1080/13642520802193262. ^ S. Shankar (2001). Textual Traffic: Colonialism, Modernity, and the Economy of the Text. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-0791449929. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 33. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ a b Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 193. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 77. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ a b Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 73. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 79. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 67. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Kim Wagner (12 July 2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. p. 110. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Kim Wagner (12 July 2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. p. 116. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Kim Wagner (12 July 2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. p. 135. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 87. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 84. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Martine van Woerkens (November 2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 146. ISBN 9780226850856. ^ Kim Wagner. Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. p. 107. ^ Martine van Woerkens. The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 147. ^ Mike Dash. Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 92. ^ "Thug '' Indian bandit". Britannica.com . Retrieved 1 October 2017 . ^ a b Martine van Woerkens (2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. University of Chicago Press. p. 110. ISBN 9780226850856. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 26; 27; 28. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Richard James Popplewell (1995). Intelligence and imperial defence: British intelligence and the defence of the Indian Empire, 1904''1924. Frank Cass. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7146-4580-3 . Retrieved 16 April 2011 . ^ Lois H. Gresh; Robert Weinberg (4 April 2008). Why Did It Have To Be Snakes: From Science to the Supernatural, The Many Mysteries of Indiana Jones. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 104''107. ISBN 978-0-470-22556-1 . Retrieved 16 April 2011 . ^ a b c d e f g Dash, Mike Thug: the true story of India's murderous cult ISBN 1-86207-604-9, 2005 ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 247; 248; 249. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. pp. 7, 8. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 167. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 193. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 48. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 49. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 168. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ a b Twain, Mark (18 August 2006). Following the Equator (ASCII) . EBook. Project Gutenberg . Retrieved 27 February 2011 . ^ Giriraj Shah (1 January 1993). Image Makers: An Attitudinal Study of Indian Police. Abhinav Publications. p. 52. ISBN 978-81-7017-295-6 . Retrieved 15 September 2019 . ^ Sleeman, Sir William Henry (1839). The Thugs or Phansigars of India: comprising a history of the rise and progress of that extraordinary fraternity of assassins; and a description of the system which it pursues, and of the measures which have been adopted by the supreme government of India for its suppression, Vol. 2. Carey & Hart. p. 159 . Retrieved 15 September 2019 . ^ a b Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 249. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ "Thugs Traditional View". BBC. Archived from the original (shtml) on 17 October 2007 . Retrieved 17 September 2007 . ^ Sinister sects: Thug, Mike Dash's investigation into the gangs who preyed on travellers in 19th-century India by Kevin Rushby, The Guardian, Saturday, 11 June 2005. ^ "The Thugs Worshipping Kalee". The Missionary Repository for Youth, and Sunday School Missionary Magazine. XII: 98. 1848 . Retrieved 6 November 2015 . ^ Brigitte Luchesi; Kocku von Stuckrad (2004). Religion im kulturellen Diskurs. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 623''624. ISBN 978-3-11-017790-9 . Retrieved 20 April 2011 . ^ Douglas M. Peers (2013). India Under Colonial Rule: 1700-1885. Routledge. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-31-788286-2. ^ Martine van WÅ'rkens; Catherine Tihanyi (2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. University of Chicago Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-226-85086-3 . Retrieved 19 April 2011 . ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 141. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 122. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 154; 155. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 92. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Martine van Woerkens. The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 111. ^ Mike Dash. Thug: The True Story Of India's Murderous Cult. p. 93. ^ Martine van Woerkens. The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 165. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 16; 39. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Mike Dash (3 February 2011). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Granta. p. 38; 39. ISBN 9781847084736. ^ Martine van Woerkens (November 2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 134. ISBN 9780226850863. ^ Martine van Woerkens (November 2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 133. ISBN 9780226850863. ^ Martine van Woerkens (November 2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 133;134. ISBN 9780226850863. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 154; 155. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Martine van Woerkens (November 2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. p. 103. ISBN 9780226850856. ^ Will Sweetman, Aditya Malik (23 May 2016). Hinduism in India: Modern and Contemporary Movements. SAGE Publications India. ISBN 9789351502319. ^ Bart Moore-Gilbert (1996). Writing India, 1757-1990: The Literature of British India. Manchester University Press. p. 86. ISBN 9780719042669. ^ P.D. Reeves (10 June 2010). Sleeman in Oudh: An Abridgement of W. H. Sleeman's A Journey Through the Kingdom of Oude in 1849''50. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521153096. ^ a b Encountering KālÄ: In the Margins, at the Center, in the West. University of California Press. 2003. ISBN 9780520232396. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 140; 141. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ K.Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ R. Roque; K. Wagner (2011). Engaging Colonial Knowledge: Reading European Archives in World History. Springer. ISBN 978-0230360075. ^ van Woerkens, Martine (2002). The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India. ^ K. Wagner (2007). Thuggee: Banditry and the British in Early Nineteenth-Century India. Springer. p. 156. ISBN 9780230590205. ^ Bhattacharya, Sagnik (4 May 2020). "Monsters in the dark: the discovery of Thuggee and demographic knowledge in colonial India". Palgrave Communications. 6 (1): 1''9. doi:10.1057/s41599-020-0458-8. ISSN 2055-1045. ^ "Sheikh Sajjan". Sikhiwiki.org . Retrieved 8 July 2017 . ^ History of Ameer Ali Thug Bibliography [ edit ] This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Thuggee". Encyclop...dia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Dash, Mike Thug: the true story of Indias murderous cult ISBN 1-86207-604-9, 2005Dutta, Krishna (2005) The sacred slaughterers. Book review of Thug: the true story of India's murderous cult by Mike Dash. In The Independent (Published: 8 July 2005) textGuidolin, Monica "Gli strangolatori di Kali. Il culto thag tra immaginario e realt storica", Aurelia Edizioni, 2012, ISBN 978-88-89763-50-6.Paton, James 'Collections on Thuggee and Dacoitee', British Library, Add MS 41300Woerkens, Martine van The Strangled Traveler: Colonial Imaginings and the Thugs of India (2002),External links [ edit ] Look up Thuggee in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.Acting in the "Theatre of Anarchy": 'The Anti-Thug Campaign' and Elaborations of Colonial Rule in Early-Nineteenth Century India by Tom Lloyd (2006) in PDF file format Parama Roy: Discovering India, Imagining Thuggee. In: idem, Indian Traffic. Identities in Question in Colonial and Postcolonial India. University of California Press 1998. (in html format) Confessions of India's real-life Thugs
Black lawmakers push back on Obama over 'thugs' | TheHill
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 15:06
Leading black Democrats are rejecting President Obama's conclusion that "thugs" were behind the furor in Baltimore that followed last month's death of a black man in the custody of city police.
Obama has characterized the rioters as "criminals and thugs who tore up" the city in the wake of Freddie Gray's death, which Maryland officials on Friday deemed a homicide committed by six police officers now facing murder charges.
But leading members of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) are denouncing the president's language, arguing that a vast majority of the protesters '-- even those who resorted to violence '-- were simply kids swept away in the emotions of the moment. Obama, they say, overstepped in employing a term that, in recent years, has taken on sensitive racial dimensions.
"These are children, high-school students, you know, and I would not want to classify them as thugs," said CBC Chairman G.K. Butterfield George (G.K.) Kenneth ButterfieldMourners, family and lawmakers in North Carolina gather to pay respects to George Floyd Democrats introduce coronavirus-focused privacy legislation Hillicon Valley: Experts raise security concerns about online voting | Musk finds supporter in Trump | Officials warn that Chinese hackers targeting COVID-19 research groups MORE (D-N.C.). "Certainly they are lawbreakers, but they're still children. '... These are youth, these are teenagers who are misguided, who don't have the same maturity that adults have, and I would not venture to call them thugs."
Rep. Alcee Hastings Alcee (Judge) Lamar HastingsEthics panel closes investigation into Rep. Alcee Hastings's relationship with staffer The Hill's Coronavirus Report: Johns Hopkins's Jennifer Nuzzo says America needs public health crisis insurance to pay for COVID-19 victims; Protests, pandemic continue to ravage America Pelosi stands firm amid calls to close Capitol MORE (D-Fla.) agreed, arguing that Obama simply used too broad a brush in attributing the violence to thugs.
"I would call them felons for breaking into an institution that they had no right or business to break into. I would call them criminals for the very same thing '-- burning cars and what have you. But a kid that just got out of high school at 3 o'clock in the afternoon in Baltimore and got caught up '... and he's throwing a rock [and has] no criminal record and everything '-- he's not a thug, OK?" said Hastings, another senior CBC member.
"Were there thugs out there? Damn right. But would you then attribute that to everybody in the crowd? No. And for that reason you should not say it," Hastings added. "I would caution that any leader, including the president of the United States, that is going to comment about these kinds of things to remind the public of all of our responsibilities wait until we have all the facts."
Fox News reporter Leland Vittert, speaking on that network's "Hannity" show Thursday night, said he had asked Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-Md.) to suggest an appropriate term for the people involved in the disorder. By Vittert's account, Cummings responded, "Human beings."
Gray, 25, was arrested by Baltimore police on April 12 after a chase through the streets of the city, and suffered severe spinal and head injuries in a police van on the ride to the station. He died of those injuries on April 19, and Baltimore's top prosecutor on Friday charged six arresting officers with murder and other charges.
After Gray's death, thousands of protestors took to the streets of Baltimore to protest the police's initial handling of the case. Those protests turned violent on Monday night, following Gray's funeral, with cars set ablaze, businesses looted and burned, and Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan (R) calling in the National Guard to maintain order. More than a dozen police officers were hospitalized, according to the department.
Obama addressed the episode Tuesday, applauding those who pushed back against the violence and condemning the rioters as "thugs."
"The overwhelming majority of the community in Baltimore I think have handled this appropriately, expressing real concern and outrage over the possibility that our laws were not applied evenly in the case of Mr. Gray, and that accountability needs to exist. And I think we have to give them credit," Obama said in a joint press conference with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe.
"My understanding is you've got some of the same organizers now going back into these communities to try to clean up in the aftermath of a handful of criminals and thugs who tore up the place."
Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake initially used identical language, carving a distinction "between the peaceful protests and the thugs, who only want to incite violence and destroy our city."
The mayor later walked back her comments, tweeting Wednesday that, "When you speak out of frustration and anger, one can say things in a way that you don't mean."
But the White House took a different tack, doubling down on Obama's use of the term.
"Whether it's arson or, you know, the looting of a liquor store ... those were thuggish acts," White House spokesman Josh Earnest said Wednesday.
Obama on Friday addressed the new charges against the six officers surrounding Gray's death, saying it's ''absolutely vital that the truth comes out.''
''What I think the people of Baltimore want more than anything else is the truth,'' he said. ''That's what people around the country expect.''
The "thug" language has raised plenty of eyebrows in the black community, with a number of pundits, political scientists and Baltimore City leaders condemning the White House's characterization.
"Of course it's not the right word to call our children thugs,'' Councilman Carl Stokes said earlier this week.
Writing Friday in The New York Times, Johns Hopkins University history professor N.D.B. Connolly said those employing the term, including the president, "are fighting myths about degenerate black culture."
"Condemning 'criminals' and 'thugs' seems to get them away from beliefs about broad black inferiority," Connolly wrote.
Rep. Bennie Thompson Bennie Gordon ThompsonTwitter, Facebook see new tactics in foreign disinformation efforts 'Defund the police' movement hits semantics roadblock Democrats see path to ridding Capitol of Confederate statues MORE , another leading Black Caucus member, emphasized that "people who break the law should be punished." But the Mississippi Democrat also stressed that not everyone caught up in Baltimore's protests deserve the White House's characterization.
"I don't know if all lawbreakers, if we call them thugs. You know, thugs has a different connotation," Thompson said.
"Name-calling," he added, "won't get us anywhere."
The Latest US and World News - USATODAY.com
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 15:06
'No intention of resigning': Manhattan US attorney vows to continue probes
What is a hip hop cypher? - Quora
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:52
A hip hop cypher is a improvised freestyle cyclical rapping session without the ugly dissing of other artist like in a rap battle where you have to insult your opponent
In Layman term Cypher means a gathering where rappers usually spit(rap) one by one without breaking or interrupting the cypher(the circle),as i mentioned above no dissing (Disrespecting) the other rappers present.
Just to give a brief idea what a diss is like
Below is an example from Biggies Flava in yo ear
I see the gimmicks, the wack lyrics, the shit is / Depressing, pathetic, please forget it / You're mad cause my style you'r...
John Todd (conspiracy theorist) - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:51
John Wayne Todd
Portrait of John Todd
Born ( 1949-05-19 ) May 19, 1949DiedNovember 10, 2007 (2007-11-10) (aged 58)Other namesJohn Todd CollinsLance CollinsKris Sarayn KollynsChristopher KollynsOccupationPublic speakerYears active1968''1983Criminal charge(s)RapeCriminal penalty30 years imprisonmentCriminal statusConvictedJohn Wayne Todd (May 19, 1949[1][2] '' November 10, 2007),[3] also known as "John Todd Collins", "Lance Collins",[4] "Kris Sarayn Kollyns", and "Christopher Kollyns",[5] was an American speaker and conspiracy theorist. He claimed to be a former occultist who was born into a 'witchcraft family' before converting to Christianity. He was a primary source for many Chick Publications works against Dungeons & Dragons, Catholicism, Neopaganism, and Christian rock.
In his public appearances, Todd made a variety of claims about witches, Satanists, and the Illuminati, who he alleged were conspiring against Christians. These purported conspiracies often included government officials and leaders of Christian organizations. Investigative reports in magazines and books said there were many inconsistencies in his statements about anti-Christian conspiracies and his own past.
In 1988 Todd was convicted in South Carolina on charges of rape and sentenced to 30 years in a prison. In 2004 he was released from prison and placed in a psychiatric facility, where he died in 2007.
Biography [ edit ] Speaking career [ edit ] Todd's earliest known public speaking engagements began in 1968, when he was preaching and married to a woman named Linda. He claimed he had been a witch while in the United States Navy, but converted to Christianity while visiting a southern Californian Pentecostal church. After disappearing from public sight for a few months, Todd returned without his wife, saying that God told them to seek other mates. In 1969, Todd joined the United States Army and was stationed in Germany for a few months before being discharged for psychiatric reasons and drug abuse.[2][4]
In 1972 Todd became associated with a Jesus Movement coffeehouse. In 1973, he appeared on a local Christian television show in Phoenix, Arizona, and was invited by evangelist Doug Clark to appear on his Amazing Prophecies show on the Faith Broadcasting Network.[6] However, allegations surfaced that he had been making sexual advances toward young women and teenage girls at the coffeehouse, was incorporating witchcraft teachings into his Bible studies, carrying a .38 caliber handgun into church meetings, and using drugs.[2][4] In addition, he impregnated his wife's teenage sister.[4] Todd was dismissed from the coffeehouse ministry, and Clark denounced him on his television show.[2]
In 1974 Todd moved to Dayton, Ohio, where he opened an occult bookstore and began recruiting for a Wiccan coven. In 1976 Todd became the subject of a criminal investigation over reports that he was involving underage girls in sexual initiation rituals for his coven. Following an investigation of his activities by neopagan leaders Isaac Bonewits and Gavin Frost, which uncovered drug use and underage sex, Frost's Church and School of Wicca revoked the charter it had granted to Todd's coven. He was convicted of contributing to the delinquency of a minor and given a six-month sentence, but served only two months before being released due to epileptic fits.[4]
Todd resurfaced in the evangelical Christian community in late 1977, this time claiming the existence of a vast Satanic conspiracy led by an order of witches called the Illuminati, supposedly including a number of Christian organizations and well-known Christian figures such as Jim Bakker, Jerry Falwell, Billy Graham, Bob Jones, Sr.,[7] Oral Roberts, and Pat Robertson.[8] He claimed to have given, as a member of the Illuminati, $8 million to Pastor Chuck Smith of Calvary Chapel to launch the Christian rock industry,[9] which Todd said was a Satanic invention to entrap Christian young people in rock music and its "demonic beat". He claimed that Falwell had been bribed by the Illuminati with a $50 million donation.[2] He also claimed that US President Jimmy Carter was the Antichrist[2] and that Ayn Rand's 1957 novel Atlas Shrugged was the Illuminati's blueprint for unleashing a planned Satanic takeover.[10][11] He urged Christians to stockpile weapons and food in preparation for a Satanic takeover in 1980.[7][11]
Tapes from Todd around 1979 indicate that he was then teaching Oneness Pentecostal (sometimes called "Jesus Only") theology.[12] Todd significantly curtailed his public speaking after 1979, reportedly moving to rural Montana after issuing warnings that the Satanic takeover had begun.[13] He was later reported to have delivered a speech in Cedar Falls, Iowa in 1983 at the invitation of Randy Weaver.[14]
Later life [ edit ] Todd was arrested in May 1987 for the rape of a University of South Carolina graduate student. After his arrest, he was additionally charged with sexually molesting two children who attended a karate school where he worked. He was convicted of the rape in January 1988 and sentenced to 30 years in state prison.[15] In 2004, Todd was released, but he was put in the care of the Behavioral Disorder Treatment Unit run by the South Carolina Department of Mental Health.[16] On November 10, 2007, Todd died in the institute.[3] His body was buried in the Florence (SC) National Cemetery under the name "Christopher Sarayn Kollyns" [17]
Claims and reactions [ edit ] Todd claimed to have served as a Green Beret in the Vietnam War, but his discharge papers list him as a general clerk/typist and do not record him having been in Vietnam. Army medical reports referred to "emotional instability with pseudologica phantastica" (compulsive lying), difficulty in telling reality from fantasy, homicidal threats he had made on another, false suicide reports, and a severe personality disturbance.[18] Todd also claimed in his testimony to have murdered an officer in Germany and to have escaped prison with the help of the Illuminati, but his records show no such things occurred.[18] These records were later recovered by investigative journalists working for Christianity Today, who found that he had never been to Vietnam. One report concluded that Todd found it difficult to distinguish reality and fantasy.[2][4] Todd also claimed that John F. Kennedy was still alive and that he had been Kennedy's "personal warlock".[2][4]
While Todd claimed to have left witchcraft in 1972 and converted to fundamentalist Christianity, accounts have him being baptized into a Oneness Pentecostal church in Phoenix, Arizona in 1968, and leading a Wiccan group in Ohio in 1976. When confronted with the latter by Christian evangelists, Todd said that he had gone through a period of "backsliding" during that time. However, when a number of other inconsistencies in Todd's story were reported in the evangelical Christian media, and Todd began denouncing many Christian leaders as part of the Satanic conspiracy or the Illuminati, many evangelists denounced Todd and cut off any further association. Jack Chick was the only influential evangelist to continue to defend Todd.[19]
Todd's speaking engagements during 1978 and 1979 generated controversy and sometimes hysteria at the churches he spoke at. Frequently, there were claims by Todd of gunshots in the parking lot or attacks on his life after the services, but there were no witnesses to confirm his claims.[2] Several Christian organizations and publications investigated Todd's claims and published articles disputing them. These included Cornerstone magazine, the Christian Research Institute, Christianity Today magazine, and the book The Todd Phenomenon by Darryl E. Hicks.[citation needed ]
Similarities to other preachers [ edit ] Todd was not the only speaker making the rounds in evangelical Christian circles in the 1970s warning young people against the occult. Todd's claims of being a Satanic high priest before his conversion[4] were similar to claims by Hershel Smith and Mike Warnke.[20] In one meeting between Todd and Warnke, the two had a backstage confrontation and Todd accused Warnke of stealing his testimony regarding the Illuminati.[20]
Publications based on Todd's claims [ edit ] Todd has appeared in several of Jack Chick's publications. Chick first promoted Todd's message in comic form in The Broken Cross, a comic that portrays a town controlled by organized Satanists, who ignore ritual murders and teach witchcraft to children in school.[21] In another Chick comic book, Spellbound?, a character called "Lance Collins" describes himself as a former druid and member of the Illuminati.[22] The character claims that Satanists control the rock music industry and are infiltrating churches, and urges Christians to burn their rock music records, Ouija boards and Dungeons & Dragons game sets.[23] Both comics offer "deepest appreciation to John Todd, ex-grand Druid priest".[24][25]
Todd's stories about the Illuminati were published as the comic book The Illuminati and Witchcraft in 1980 by Jacob Sailor. His claims partially became the basis for a different book, Witchcraft and the Illuminati, published in 1981 by The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord, a Christian Identity group, and reprinted in 1999 by the Christian Patriot Association. This book repeated many of Todd's claims, including the alleged power structure of the Illuminati and the idea that Atlas Shrugged was the Illuminati's secret blueprint, but added Identity beliefs derogatory toward Jews and African-Americans.[10][26]
After Todd's veracity was questioned and investigated, Chick continued to defend him and publish tracts based on Todd's life. Author Cynthia Burack wrote that Chick often made "excuses for behaviours that were inconsistent with Todd's status as a high-profile Christian convert," and that his "propensities to indulge in conspiracy theory and to lash out at putative allies who question his conclusions" in his defense of Todd and other controversial figures (namely Alberto Rivera and Rebecca Brown) resulted in a split between himself and the conservative Christian movement.[19]
References [ edit ] ^ "Sex Offender Archive Record: John Wayne Todd". Sex Offender Archives . Retrieved September 29, 2013 . ^ a b c d e f g h i Plowman, Edward E. (February 2, 1979). "The Legend(s) of John Todd". Christianity Today. 23: 38''42. ^ a b Kollyns v. Watson, FindACase (D.S.C. April 17, 2008). ^ a b c d e f g h Medway, GJ (2001). Lure of the Sinister: The Unnatural History of Satanism. New York: New York University Press. pp. 169''74. ISBN 0-8147-5645-X. ^ Cearley, Gary Dale (2006). Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness: The Truth about the Vatican and the Birth of Islam. Aux Arcs Publications. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-84728-731-1. ^ Walker, Jesse (2013). The United States of Paranoia: A Conspiracy Theory. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 208''217. ISBN 978-0-06-213555-1. ^ a b Versluis, Arthur (2006). The New Inquisitions: Heretic-Hunting and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Totalitarianism. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-19-530637-8. ^ Ellis, Bill (2000). Raising the Devil: Satanism, New Religions, and the Media. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. p. 197. ISBN 0-8131-2170-1. ^ Hertenstein, Mike; Trott, Jon (1993). Selling Satan: The Evangelical Media and the Mike Warnke Scandal . Chicago: Cornerstone Press. p. 164. ISBN 0-940895-07-2. ^ a b Barkun, Michael (2003). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-520-23805-2. ^ a b Noble, Kerry (2010). Tabernacle of Hate: Seduction Into Right-Wing Extremism (second ed.). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. pp. 78''80. ISBN 978-0-8156-5126-0. ^ "Cornerstone's Near-Miss Interviews with Madalyn Murray O'Hair and John Todd". Cornerstone (48). Archived from the original on September 11, 2004. ^ Barkun, Michael (2003). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-520-23805-2. ^ Walter, Jess (1996). Every Knee Shall Bow . New York: HarperCollins. pp. 52''53. ISBN 0-06-101131-2. ^ Hook, Debra-Lynn B. (January 23, 1988). " ' Survivalist' Protests Verdict". The State. p. 1D. ^ Kollyns v. Hughes, FindACase (D.S.C. August 18, 2006). ^ FindAGrave listing for Christopher Sarayn Kollyns Retrieved 15 June 2020 ^ a b Metz, Gary. "The John Todd Story". Cornerstone (48). Archived from the original on October 6, 2006. ^ a b Burack, Cynthia (2008). Sin, Sex, and Democracy: Antigay Rhetoric and the Christian Right. Albany, New York: SUNY Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-7914-7405-1. ^ a b Trott, Jon; Hertenstein, Mike (1992). "Selling Satan: The Tragic History of Mike Warnke". Cornerstone. 21 (98). Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. ^ Chick, Jack T. (1974). The Broken Cross. Chick Publications. pp. 6, 23. OCLC 11126870. ^ Chick, Jack T. (1978). Spellbound?. Chick Publications. p. 11. OCLC 54527440. ^ Chick, Jack T. (1978). Spellbound?. Chick Publications. pp. 17''26. OCLC 54527440. ^ Chick, Jack T. (1974). The Broken Cross. Chick Publications. p. 1. OCLC 11126870. ^ Chick, Jack T. (1978). Spellbound?. Chick Publications. p. 1. OCLC 54527440. ^ Barkun, Michael (1997). Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement (Revised ed.). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. p. 193. ISBN 0-8078-2328-7. External links [ edit ] Report on Todd and other purported ex-Satanists from a Wiccan perspectiveState of South Carolina Criminal Record
KILLER MIKE "BURN" OFFICIAL VIDEO [DIR CUT] - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:35
"Freeway" Rick Ross - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:34
American former drug trafficker
Rick "Freeway" Ross
Ross in 2010
BornRicky Donnell Ross
( 1960-01-26 ) January 26, 1960 (age 60) Other namesFreeway, The Real Rick Ross, Freeway Rick Ross, Freeway RickyOccupationAuthor/EntrepreneurCriminal statusIncarcerated in 1996, released in 2009Parent(s)Annie Mae Ross, Sonny RossCriminal chargeConspiracy to illegally traffic cocaine (100 kg)PenaltyLife, reduced to 20 yearsWebsitewww.freewayrickyross.comRicky Donnell "Freeway Rick" Ross (born January 26, 1960)[1] is an American author and former drug trafficker best known for the drug empire he established in Los Angeles, California, in the early to mid 1980s.[2] He was sentenced to life in prison, though the sentence was shortened on appeal and Ross was released in 2009.[3]
Biography [ edit ] Ross attended school at Susan Miller Dorsey High School in Los Angeles. He played for the tennis team but was unable to get a college scholarship because he was illiterate.[4]
Ross has said that when he first saw crack cocaine as a teenager in 1979, he did not immediately believe it was a drug because it looked different from other drugs he had seen.
The nickname Freeway came from Ross owning properties along Los Angeles' Interstate 110, also known as the Harbor Freeway[6] According to an October 2013 Esquire magazine article, "Between 1982 and 1989, federal prosecutors estimated, Ross bought and resold several metric tons of cocaine," with Ross's gross revenue claimed to be more than $900 million (equivalent to $2.7 billion in 2019) and profits of almost $300 million ($900 million in 2019).[7] During the height of his drug dealing, Ross was said to have sold "$3 million in one day."[8] According to the East Bay Times, "In the course of his rise, prosecutors estimate that Ross exported several tons of cocaine to New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and elsewhere, and made more than $500 million between 1983 and 1984."[9]
In 1996, Ross was sentenced to life imprisonment under the three-strikes law after being convicted for purchasing more than 100 kilograms of cocaine from a federal agent in a sting operation. Later that year, a series of articles by journalist Gary Webb in the San Jose Mercury News revealed a connection between one of Ross's cocaine sources, Danilo Bland"n, and the CIA as part of the Iran''Contra affair.[10] Having learned to read at the age of 28, during his first stint in prison, Ross spent much of his time behind bars studying the law. He eventually discovered a legal loophole that would lead to his release.[7] Ross's case was brought to a federal court of appeals which found that the three-strikes law had been erroneously applied and reduced his sentence to 20 years. He was released from Federal Correctional Institution, Texarkana on September 29, 2009.[11]
Ross was arrested in October 2015 on suspicion of possessing cash related to the sales of illegal drugs when police discovered $100,000 in his possession during a traffic stop.[3] Ross later alleged that he had been racially profiled and stated that he was carrying a large amount of cash for the purchase of a home.[12] Charges were ultimately dropped, and Ross explained he had earned the cash from book sales and speaking fees.[13]
Cocaine use and business [ edit ] Cocaine introduction [ edit ] Ross began selling cocaine after his illiteracy prevented him from earning a tennis scholarship for college. He began spending time with an upholstery teacher at a Los Angeles community college who revealed he dealt cocaine and offered Ross a small amount to sell. Ross used his profit to purchase more cocaine to sell, expanding his small operation. Ross eventually began to ask for quantities to sell that exceeded what the teacher was willing to procure, so he turned to find a new dealer.
The teacher referred Ross to his supplier, Ivan Arguellas, who offered to keep Ross supplied. Arguellas was able to provide larger quantities at a better price, and Ross quickly went from dealing in grams of cocaine to dealing in ounces. About eight months after becoming Ross's supplier, Arguellas was shot in the spine, resulting in months of hospitalization that forced him out of the cocaine business. His brother-in-law Henry Corrales took over the business, but was not enthusiastic about the trade and had failed to make any connections of his own to suppliers.
A Nicaraguan exile and cocaine distributor named Danilo Bland"n was acquainted with Arguellas and Corrales, and although he did not know him personally, was impressed with the amount of cocaine that Ross was moving. Bland"n offered to supply cocaine to Corrales to sell to Ross, for a fifty-fifty split of the profit. Eventually, Corrales lost his appetite for the cocaine business and retired, at which point Ross became a direct customer of Bland"n.
Through his connection to Bland"n, and Bland"n's supplier Norwin Meneses Cantarero, Ross was able to purchase Nicaraguan cocaine at significantly reduced rates. Ross began distributing cocaine at $10,000 per kilo less than the average street price, distributing it to the Bloods and Crips street gangs. By 1982, Ross had received his moniker of "Freeway Ricky" and claimed to have sold up to US$3 million worth of cocaine per day, purchasing 455 kg of cocaine a week.[8]
Ross initially invested most of his profits in houses and businesses, because he feared his mother would catch on to what he was doing if he started spending lavishly on himself. In a jailhouse interview with reporter Gary Webb, Ross said, "We were hiding our money from our mothers." He invested a portion of the proceeds from his drug dealing activities in Anita Baker's first album.
Drug empire [ edit ] With thousands of employees, Ross has said he operated drug sales not only in Los Angeles but in places across the country including St. Louis, New Orleans, Texas, Kansas City, Oklahoma, Indiana, Cincinnati, North Carolina, South Carolina, Baltimore, Cleveland, and Seattle. He has said that his most lucrative sales came from the Ohio area. He made similar claims in a 1996 PBS interview.[23] According to the East Bay Times, "In the course of his rise, prosecutors estimate that Ross exported several tons of cocaine to New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and elsewhere, and made more than $600 million in the process."[9] Adjusting for inflation using the Consumer Price Index, this becomes more than a billion dollars in 2013.[24]
Much of Ross's success at evading law enforcement was due to his ring's possession of police scanners and voice scramblers. Following one drug bust, a Los Angeles County sheriff remarked that Ross's men had "better equipment than we have."
According to the October 2013 Esquire article, "Between 1982 and 1989, federal prosecutors estimated, Ross bought and resold several metric tons of cocaine. In 1980 dollars, his gross earnings were said to be in excess of $900 million '' with a profit of nearly $300 million. Converted roughly to present-day dollars: $2.5 billion gross and $850 million in profit. As his distribution empire grew to include forty-two cities, the price he paid per kg of powder cocaine dropped from as much as $60,000 to as low as $10,000."[7]
Lawsuit against rapper Rick Ross [ edit ] On June 18, 2010, Ross sued rapper Rick Ross (real name William Leonard Roberts II) for using his name,[26] filing a copyright infringement lawsuit against Ross in a California Federal Court.[26] Jay-Z had been called to testify in the lawsuit, as he was President of Def Jam when Ross was signed to the label.[26] Ross sought $10 million in compensation in the lawsuit.[26]
After the lawsuit was dismissed on July 3, 2010,[27] the album Teflon Don was released as scheduled on July 20, 2010. A federal judge ruled that the case should be refiled in California state court because it fell under California state law. Ross refiled the case with the State of California and the federal case is on appeal in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.[28] The state case was filed in 2011 in California.
Ross refiled in Los Angeles Superior Court with publicity rights claims. Trial was set for early May 2012. The case was dismissed by a judge in the Los Angeles Superior Court.[29]
The California State case was updated with a motion in Freeway Rick Ross's favor as to Warner Bros. Records and their use of the name and image Rick Ross in July 2012.[30]
The New York Post reported that a trial was set for August 27, 2013 in Freeway Rick Ross versus Rick Ross and Warner Music Group.[31]
On December 30, 2013, the court ruled in favor of the rapper Rick Ross, allowing him to keep the name based on a First Amendment ruling.[32]
Book [ edit ] In 2013, The Huffington Post reported that journalist and author Cathy Scott was co-writing Ross's autobiography with him, scheduled for release in 2014.[33]
The memoir, Freeway Rick Ross: The Untold Autobiography, was released at a book launch with author Scott at the Eso Won Bookstore in Los Angeles on June 17, 2014 to a standing-room only crowd.[34][35]
KCET TV in its review wrote, "(The book) is fascinating for its unsentimental, inside look at his career on the streets of South Central, which started for Ross with car theft and quickly shifted to drugs and the big time."[36]
Award [ edit ] The memoir was nominated for ForeWord Review ' s IndiFab Best Book of the Year Award 2014 in the true crime category.[37] In June 2015, winners were announced, with the book named as a Foreword Reviews' 2014 INDIEFAB Book of the Year Award Finalist, True Crime.[38]
Ross was a key figure in filmmaker Kevin Booth's documentary American Drug War: The Last White Hope. The second episode of the first season of BET's American Gangster documentary series was focused on the story of Ricky Ross and his connection to the Iran''Contra scandal.[39]
Ross was a guest interview on VH1's Planet Rock History of Crack and Hip Hop Documentary.[40]
Ross is featured in the 2015 two-part documentary Freeway: Crack in the System, which details various levels of the drug trade, the Iran''Contra scandal, and mass incarceration.[41] In 2016, the documentary was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Investigative Journalism: Long Form.[42]
Since 2013, Ross has been a regular guest on The Joe Rogan Experience.[43][44][45] In the 2014 film Kill the Messenger, Ross is portrayed by Michael K. Williams.
References [ edit ] ^ "Ricky Ross Biography". Biography.com . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ "Law Enforcement Investigations of Ross". United States Department of Justice Archive. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009 . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ a b Rocha, Veronica; Mozino, Joe (October 23, 2015). "Former L.A. cocaine kingpin 'Freeway' Ricky Ross arrested in Sonoma County". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved January 31, 2017 . ^ "Dark Alliance: Library". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 9, 1997 . Retrieved December 14, 2013 . A few years before, Ross became involved in cocaine sales, he was a player on his high school tennis team. A college scholarship was reneged once it was learned he couldn't read. The same day, he dropped out of high school his senior year weeks away from graduation. ^ Webb, Gary (August 19, 1996). "Shadowy origins of 'crack' epidemic". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 9, 1997. ^ a b c Sager, Mike (September 25, 2013). "Say Hello to Rick Ross". Esquire . Retrieved November 11, 2018 . ^ a b Cockburn, Alexander; St. Clair, Jeffrey (1999). Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. Verso Publishing. pp. 6''7. ISBN 978-1-85984-258-4. ^ a b Johnson, Scott (April 17, 2012). "The return of "Freeway" Ricky Ross, the man behind a crack empire". East Bay Times . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ Pierce, Charles P. (June 18, 2013). "Gary Webb And The Limits Of Vindication". Esquire . Retrieved November 11, 2018 . ^ "Inmate Locator". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012 . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ Ferranti, Seth (November 5, 2015). "A Conversation with Freeway Ricky Ross on His Latest Run-in with Police and Race Relations in America". The Huffington Post . Retrieved January 31, 2017 . ^ Jack Morse (2015). Charges Dropped Against Former Crack Kingpin Pulled Over With $100K In Cash Archived November 5, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, SFist.com, October 26, 2015. ^ "Covert Connections?". PBS NewsHour. November 18, 1996. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014 . Retrieved August 29, 2008 . ^ "CPI Calculator". USInflationCalculator.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013 . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ a b c d Harling, Danielle. "Freeway Rick Ross files lawsuit". Archived from the original on January 3, 2014 . Retrieved June 25, 2010 . ^ Barshad, Amos (November 5, 2010). "The Drug Dealer Rick Ross Has Lost His Lawsuit Against the Rapper Rick Ross". New York. Archived from the original on December 29, 2011. ^ Johnson, Bill (July 6, 2010). "Freeway Ricky Ross' Lawsuit Against Rick Ross Thrown Out". The Urban Daily. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012 . Retrieved September 12, 2010 . ^ " ' Freeway' Rick Ross Will Take On Rick Ross In Court Early May". MTV Rapfix. February 29, 2012. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. ^ Gardner, Eriq (July 18, 2012). "Rick Ross Vs. Ricky "Freeway" Ross: Judge Rejects Warner Bros. Records' Motion to Dismiss". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. ^ "Rick Ross vs. Rick Ross: Rapper sued by drug trafficker for allegedly stealing name". The New York Post. January 11, 2013. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. ^ Gardner, Eriq (December 30, 2013). " ' Freeway' Ricky Ross vs. Rick Ross: First Amendment Protects Hip-Hop Persona". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. ^ Johnson, Luke (August 7, 2013). "Rick Ross, Former Drug Kingpin: 'Why Wouldn't You Want To Emulate Me If You Can't Even Get a Job At McDonald's?". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. ^ D'Amour, Zon (June 27, 2014). "Rick Ross Book signing Event Recap". Los Angeles Sentinel . Retrieved November 11, 2018 . ^ Ross, Rick; Scott, Cathy (2014). Freeway Rick Ross: The Untold Autobiography. Freeway Studios. ISBN 978-1-49965-153-9. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) ^ Kaplan, Erin Aubry (June 6, 2014). "L.A.'s Notorious Drug Dealer, 'Freeway' Rick Ross, is Moving On". KCET . Retrieved November 11, 2018 . ^ "Indie Fab Book of Year Freeway Rick Ross Nomination". IndieFab. April 14, 2014. ^ "Freeway Rick Ross is a 2014 Foreword INDIES Book of the Year Award finalist". IndieFab. ^ "American Gangster: 'Freeway' Ricky Ross". BET. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007 . Retrieved June 12, 2007 . ^ Ramirez, Erika (August 24, 2011). "VH1 Planet Rock History of Crack and Hip Hop". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 29, 2013 . Retrieved July 2, 2013 . ^ Levin, Marc (March 1, 2015). "A Drug Kingpin, the CIA, and Prisoners". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on March 2, 2015 . Retrieved April 4, 2015 . ^ Bihm, Jennifer (August 8, 2016). "Film Documenting L.A.'s Drug Era Nominated for Emmy". Los Angeles Sentinel . Retrieved November 11, 2018 . ^ "Joe Rogan Experience #208 - "Freeway" Rick Ross". YouTube. Archived from the original on March 9, 2017 . Retrieved May 3, 2013 . ^ "Joe Rogan Experience #262 - "Freeway" Rick Ross". YouTube. Archived from the original on November 16, 2015 . Retrieved June 3, 2013 . ^ "Joe Rogan Experience #323 - "Freeway" Rick Ross". YouTube. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016 . Retrieved February 6, 2013 . Bibliography [ edit ] Webb, Gary (1999). Dark Alliance. Seven Stories Press. ISBN 978-1-888363-93-7. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) External links [ edit ] Rick Ross's website"Freeway" Rick Ross on IMDbInterview 2018 (German)
Suge Knight - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:34
"Suge" redirects here. For the 2019 song by DaBaby, see
Suge (song).
American music executive and convicted felon
Marion Hugh "Suge" Knight Jr. (; born April 19, 1965)[1] is an American former music executive who, as cofounder and CEO of Death Row Records, was a central figure in gangsta rap's catapult to massive commercialization.[2] This feat is attributed to the record label's first two album releases: Dr. Dre's The Chronic in 1992 and Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle in 1993.[2] "It was Knight's executive muscle that helped Snoop"'--implicated in a 1993 homicide'--"avoid jail a few years after its release".[3]
During 1995, Tupac Shakur began a prison sentence of up to four and half years. Knight struck a deal with him that in October, paying his bail, freed him from prison'--pending his conviction's appeal'--while signing him to Deathrow Records. In 1996, the label released 2Pac's greatest commercial success, All Eyez on Me. Yet that September, after departing a Mike Tyson boxing match in Las Vegas, a group that included Knight and Shakur assaulted Orlando Anderson, a Southside Compton Crips gang member. Three hours later someone shot into the car that Knight was driving and fatally wounded Shakur, and Anderson has since become the prime suspect.
In the fallout from and the aftermath of Shakur's death, both Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg left Deathrow Records. Rapidly, the label declined, and it was soon eclipsed. Meanwhile, allegations mounted that Knight, beyond employing gang members, had often plied intimidation and violence in his business dealings. From the late 1990s into the early 2000s, Knight spent a few years incarcerated for assault convictions and associated violations of probation and parole. In September 2018, upon pleading no contest to voluntary manslaughter in a fatal 2015 hit-and-run, Knight was sentenced to 28 years in prison.[4][5] He is scheduled to become eligible for parole in October 2037.[6]
Early life [ edit ] Marion Hugh Knight Jr. was born in Compton, California, the son of Maxine (n(C)e Dikemen) and Marion Knight Sr.[7] His name Suge (pronounced Shoog) derives from "Sugar Bear", a childhood nickname.[8] He attended Lynwood High School in nearby Lynwood, where he was a football and track star. He graduated in 1983.
[ edit ] College [ edit ] From 1983 to 1985, he attended and played football at El Camino College.[9] In 1985, he transferred to the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and played there for two years.[10]
Professional [ edit ] Knight went undrafted in the 1987 NFL Draft, but was invited to the Los Angeles Rams training camp. He was cut by the Rams during camp, but he became a replacement player during the 1987 NFL Players Strike, and played two games for the Rams.[11]
Career beginnings [ edit ] After the NFL, Knight found work as a concert promoter and a bodyguard for celebrities including Bobby Brown. In 1989, Knight formed his own music publishing company. His first big profit in the business came when Vanilla Ice (Robert Van Winkle) agreed to sign over royalties from his smash hit "Ice Ice Baby", because the song included material allegedly written by Knight's client Mario Johnson. Knight and his bodyguards confronted Van Winkle several times. On one occasion, Knight entered Van Winkle's hotel room and allegedly dangled him by his ankles off the balcony. Van Winkle said only that Knight threatened to throw him off the balcony; the claim was resolved in court.[9]
Knight next formed an artist management company and signed prominent West Coast hip hop artists DJ Quik and The D.O.C. Through the latter, he met several members of the seminal gangsta rap group N.W.A.
Death Row Records [ edit ] Dr. Dre and The D.O.C. wanted to leave both N.W.A and their label, Ruthless Records, run by Eazy-E, another member of N.W.A. According to N.W.A's manager Jerry Heller, Knight and his henchmen threatened Heller and Eazy-E with lead pipes and baseball bats to make them release Dre, The D.O.C., and Michel'le from their contracts.[12] Ultimately, Dre and D.O.C. co-founded Death Row Records in 1991 with Knight, who vowed to make it "the Motown of the '90s".
Initially, Knight fulfilled his ambitions: he secured a distribution deal with Interscope, and Dre's 1992 solo debut album, The Chronic, went on to Triple Platinum status in the United States by the end of 1993.[13] It also made a career for Dre's prot(C)g(C), Snoop Dogg, whose own debut album Doggystyle obtained a Quadruple Platinum certification in the United States in 1994.[14]
Meanwhile, Death Row had begun a public feud with 2 Live Crew's Luther Campbell, and when Knight traveled to Miami for a hip-hop convention in 1993, he was apparently seen openly carrying a stolen gun. The following year, he opened a private, by-appointment-only nightclub in Las Vegas called Club 662, so named because the numbers spelled out MOB on telephone keypads, MOB standing for Member of Bloods. In 1995, he ran afoul of activist C. Delores Tucker, whose criticism of Death Row's glamorization of the "gangsta" lifestyle may have helped scuttle a lucrative deal with Time Warner.[15]
Tupac Shakur, MC Hammer, Dr. Dre, and the Death Row Label [ edit ] Knight's feud with East Coast entrepreneur Sean Combs ("Puff Daddy") progressed when Knight insulted the Bad Boy label founder on air at the Source Awards in August 1995. Openly critical of Combs's tendency of ad-libbing on his artists' songs and dancing in their videos, Knight announced to the audience, "Anyone out there who wanna be a recording artist and wanna stay a star, and don't have to worry about the executive producer trying to be all in the videos, all on the records, dancing, come to Death Row."
The same year, Knight offered to post bail ( US$1.4 million ) for Tupac Shakur if the rapper agreed to sign with Death Row. Shakur agreed, setting the stage for his 1996 double album All Eyez on Me and The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory.
M.C. Hammer's relationship with Suge Knight dates back to 1988. With the success of Hammer's 1994 album, The Funky Headhunter (featuring Tha Dogg Pound), Hammer signed with Death Row Records by 1995, along with Snoop Dogg and his close friend, Tupac.[16] The label did not release the album of Hammer's music (titled Too Tight) while he had a career with them, although he did release versions of some tracks on his next album.[17][18] However, Hammer did record tracks with Shakur and others, most notably the song "Too Late Playa" (along with Big Daddy Kane and Danny Boy).[19] After the death of Shakur in 1996, Hammer left the record company.[20] He later explained his concern about this circumstance in an interview on Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) since he was in Las Vegas with Tupac the night of his death.[21] Hammer released 2Pac's "Unconditional Love", on his Family Affair album, in 1998. The friendships between Hammer (played by Romany Malco), Tupac (played by Lamont Bentley) and Suge (played by Anthony Norris) were depicted in the television film, Too Legit: The MC Hammer Story (airing on VH1 in 2001).
The label shrank when Dr. Dre, frustrated with the company's increasingly thuggish reputation and Knight's violent inclinations, decided to leave and form his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. A stream of Dre-dissing records followed.
Murders of Tupac Shakur and Biggie Smalls: Theories accusing Knight [ edit ] Though never charged by any prosecutor for any involvement, Suge Knight has been the subject of theories in popular culture about the murder of two well-known rap artists. Tupac Shakur was shot four times in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas, Nevada on September 7, 1996, and died six days later on September 13. When Shakur's East Coast rival, The Notorious B.I.G. (AKA Biggie Smalls), was murdered in a similar drive-by shooting in Los Angeles, California on March 9, 1997, speculation arose that Knight was involved and that Biggie's death was a revenge killing.[22] Former Death Row artists, including Snoop Dogg, also later accused Knight of being involved in Tupac's murder.[23]
A theory accusing Suge Knight in the deaths of both Biggie and Tupac was that of ex-detective Russell Poole, who conjectured that Knight had Tupac killed before he could part ways with Knight's label and then conspired to kill Biggie to divert attention from himself in the Tupac case.[24] The Biggie murder theory implicated Suge Knight, a rogue cop, and a mortgage broker named Amir Muhammad (who was never a police suspect) along with the chief of police and the LAPD in a conspiracy to murder and cover up the murder of Biggie. The Biggie theory formed the basis of a US$500 million lawsuit by his family, the Wallaces, against the city of Los Angeles. A key source for Poole's theory was Kevin Hackie. Hackie had implicated Suge Knight and David Mack. Hackie, a former Death Row associate, said that he had knowledge of involvement between Suge Knight and David Mack and other LAPD officers. His information was used by the Wallace family in their suit against the city of L.A. for Biggie's death. But Hackie later told a Los Angeles Times reporter Chuck Philips that the Wallace attorneys had altered his declarations.[25] The suit brought by the Wallace family against the city of L.A. based on the Russell Poole theory was dismissed in 2010.
A 2005 Los Angeles Times article claimed that another source for the theory of Biggie's murder implicating Amir Muhammad, David Mack, Suge Knight and the LAPD was a schizophrenic man known as "Psycho Mike" who later confessed to hearsay and memory lapses and falsely identifying Muhammad.[26] John Cook of Brill's Content noted that Philips' article "demolished"[27] the Poole-Sullvan theory of Biggie's murder.
Around the same time, Philips wrote an L.A. Times two-part series titled "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?" into the murder of Shakur and events surrounding it based on police affidavits, court documents and interviews.[28][29]
The L.A. Times story indicated that "the shooting was carried out by a Compton gang called the Southside Crips to avenge the beating of one of its members by Shakur a few hours earlier. Orlando Anderson, the Crip whom Shakur had attacked, fired the fatal shots. Las Vegas police discounted Anderson as a suspect after questioning him once briefly. He was later killed in what police said was an unrelated gang shooting."[28] The article implicated East Coast music figures, including Christopher "Biggie Smalls" Wallace, Shakur's nemesis at the time, alleging that he paid for the gun.[28] Before their own deaths, Smalls, his family and Anderson denied any role in Shakur's murder. Biggie's family[30] produced documents purporting to show that the rapper was in New York and New Jersey at the time. The New York Times called the documents inconclusive stating:
The pages purport to be three computer printouts from Daddy's House, indicating that Wallace was in the studio recording a song called Nasty Boy on the afternoon Shakur was shot. They indicate that Wallace wrote half the session, was In and out/sat around and laid down a ref, shorthand for a reference vocal, the equivalent of a first take. But nothing indicates when the documents were created. And Louis Alfred, the recording engineer listed on the sheets, said in an interview that he remembered recording the song with Wallace in a late-night session, not during the day. He could not recall the date of the session but said it was likely not the night Shakur was shot. We would have heard about it, Mr. Alfred said.[31]
Soon after the article was published, The Smoking Gun revealed that Philips' FBI documents were fake.
Mark Duvoisin, an editor at the L.A. Times, wrote in an opinion piece in Rolling Stone that Philips' account had withstood attacks to its credibility.[32]
However, the L.A. Times printed a full retraction of the two-part series and released Philips shortly thereafter during a wave of layoffs.[33]
In Tupac Shakur: Before I Wake, a documentary by Tupac Shakur's bodyguard, he and Cathy Scott, author of The Killing of Tupac Shakur and The Murder of Biggie Smalls, said that Knight would not have placed himself in the path of bullets he knew were coming. On her website Archived Letters Scott responds to a reader of her book stating that she felt there was never evidence to link Knight to Tupac's murder. Scott also told CNN, "That theory doesn't even add up. 'Open fire on my car, but try not to hit me?'"[34]
A 2006 law-enforcement task force probe into Biggie Smalls' murder, which included then-LAPD Detective Greg Kading, included the murder of Shakur. In his 2011 self-published book, Murder Rap,[35] Kading wrote that Duane "Keefe D" Davis, a member of the "Crips" street gang, gave a confession years later claiming he rode in the car used in the Las Vegas shooting of Shakur.[22][36] The Crips claimed they had been offered a million dollars by associates of Bad Boy records to kill Shakur. Kading, who named Sean Combs as having been involved in the conspiracy, also wrote that a bounty was offered for Suge Knight's murder.[22]
While in Las Vegas, Kading's book claims, Davis and fellow Crips members crossed paths with a BMW carrying Knight and Shakur.[28] The fatal shots were fired by Orlando "Baby Lane" Anderson, who sat on the side of the car closest to the BMW.
Kading alleged that Knight hired Wardel "Pouchie" Fouse to kill Sean Combs' most valuable star, Biggie Smalls, a murder done following a party at the Peterson Automotive Museum. Pouchie later survived a murder attempt but died in a drive-by shooting a year after the first attack. Charges were never brought against Fouse or Knight and the task force disbanded for reasons of "internal affairs."[35]
After Shakur's death and the release of Tha Doggfather, Snoop Dogg openly criticized Knight for the murder of Shakur and left the label in 1998.[37] He signed with Master P's No Limit Records and then forming his own record label, Doggystyle Records. In 2002, Snoop released the song "Pimp Slapp'd", in which he repudiated Knight and Death Row. In 2006, Snoop again attacked Knight verbally.[38] Knight responded, stating that Snoop was a "police informer" who "never goes to jail".[39]
End of Death Row Records [ edit ] On April 4, 2006, Knight filed bankruptcy due to civil litigation against him in which Lydia Harris claimed to have been cheated out of a 50% stake in Death Row Records. Prior to filing, Knight had been ordered to pay US$107 million to Harris.[citation needed ] Under questioning by creditors, he denied having money tucked away in foreign countries or in an African company that deals in diamonds and gold. Bankruptcy documents filed showed Knight had no income from employment or operation of a business. According to financial records, his bank account contained just US$12 , and he owned clothing worth US$1,000 , furniture and appliances valued at US$2,000 , and jewelry worth US$25,000 . He also testified that the last time he had checked the label's financial records was at least 10 years prior. Knight's lawyer said that his client was still "at the helm" of Death Row and had been working on securing distribution deals for the label's catalog. Harris told reporters she had received a US$1 million payment but had not agreed to settle the matter. "I'm telling you, I didn't do a settlement for US$1 million . That's ridiculous. Let's keep it real," she said.[40]
On July 7, 2006, the federal judge, Ellen Carroll, ordered a bankruptcy trustee takeover of Suge Knight's Death Row Records, saying the record label had undergone a gross amount of mismanagement.[41]
He filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection,[42] which allows a company to continue business operations while restructuring. Death Row was being operated by Neilson during the bankruptcy proceedings, while Knight oversaw his bankruptcy estate as a debtor in possession.[43]
In June 2007, he placed his 7 bedroom, 9½ bath home in Malibu, California on the market for US$6.2 million as part of his "financial makeover". The mansion was finally sold in December 2008 in bankruptcy court for US$4.56 million .[44]
In June 2008, Death Row Records was put up for auction in Bankruptcy Court. The winning bid went to New York-based company Global Music Group,[45] which confirmed it had purchased the firm in a statement to the Associated Press news agency. Global Music Group failed to secure funding and the Death Row Records catalog eventually went to Wideawake Entertainment.
On January 25, 2009, an auction was held for everything found in the Death Row Records office after the company filed for bankruptcy, including some of Knight's personal items. Of note was the Death Row Records electric chair which sold for US$2,500 . Some of Knight's personal items appeared in an auction during the debut episode of A&E's Storage Wars,[46] and a vault full of items (including a coat) was purchased by featured buyer Barry Weiss.[47]
New Death Row Records [ edit ] After news of his son's "New" Death Row Records was released with reports of Tupac still alive, Knight confirmed that new music would be released by the artist soon.[48][49]
Personal and legal troubles [ edit ] 1995 convictions [ edit ] In a 1995 federal case, Knight pleaded no contest and was sentenced to five years' probation for assaulting two rappers in the summer of 1992 at a Hollywood recording studio.[50]
1996 probation violation leading to incarceration [ edit ] On October 22, 1996, Knight was sent to jail pending a hearing on the probation violation that happened on September 7, 1996 when Suge Knight and his Death Row entourage including Tupac Shakur attacked Orlando Anderson, a crips gang member. Suge Knight was then sentenced to nine years in prison on February 28, 1997 for the probation violation[51] but was granted early release and was let out on August 6, 2001.[52][53]
2003 conviction and incarceration [ edit ] In 2003, Knight was sent to prison again for violating parole when he struck a parking lot attendant.[54] Death Row Records' income rapidly declined during Knight's recurrent incarceration.
In 2006, Knight was engaged in another dispute with former friend and ex-associate Snoop Dogg after Snoop insulted him in an interview with Rolling Stone magazine.[38][55]
2008 altercation [ edit ] On May 10, 2008, Knight was involved in an altercation involving a monetary dispute outside of a nightclub ("Shag") in Hollywood. He was unconscious for three minutes. At the hospital, he did not cooperate with the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD).[56][57]
2008 bankruptcy [ edit ] As part of an October 30, 2008, bankruptcy claim, Knight also filed a lawsuit against Kanye West and his associates. The lawsuit concerns an August 2005 shooting at West's pre-Video Music Awards party, where Knight was wounded by a gunshot to the upper leg.[58][59]
2009 altercation [ edit ] In February 2009, Knight was taken to Scottsdale Healthcare Osborn to be treated for face injuries he received during an altercation at a private party in the W Scottsdale Hotel, where Knight was reportedly punched.[60]
2012 arrest [ edit ] On February 8, 2012, Knight was arrested in Las Vegas, after police found cannabis in his car and several warrants for prior traffic violations.[53]
2014 shooting [ edit ] On August 24, 2014, Knight was shot at a pre-Video Music Awards party hosted by Chris Brown at a West Hollywood Sunset Strip nightclub ("1OAK"). Although shot six times, he was able to walk from the venue to an ambulance. His injuries required surgery.[61] It is reported by investigators that evidence from closed circuit television (CCTV) footage showed that Knight was the intended target of the shooting.[62] Knight was released from the hospital on August 27. Friend Keith Middlebrook told the New York Daily News that Knight returned home with the intentions to "heal up in a few days and be stronger than ever".[63]
Knight refused to cooperate with law enforcement on the matter.[64] Jeezy later claimed on the Breakfast Club that he would have been shot had he not been pushed out of the way just prior to the shots.[65]
Prosecution on charges of robbery (2014''present) [ edit ] On October 29, 2014, Knight and comedian Katt Williams were both arrested and charged with second-degree robbery in connection with an alleged theft of a camera from a paparazzi photographer the previous month in Beverly Hills, California.[66][67] While in jail, doctors found a blood clot in Knight's lung.[68] Both Knight and Williams pleaded not guilty to robbery. In 2016, the robbery trial was delayed until the resolution of the unrelated murder trial.[66]
Prosecution on charges of voluntary manslaughter (2015''2017) [ edit ] On January 29, 2015, Knight crashed his car into two men, killing Terry Carter (his friend and co-founder of Heavyweight Records) and fled the scene in Compton, California.[69][70][71][72] The second victim, filmmaker Cle Sloan, suffered a mangled foot and head injuries.[73][74] Witnesses claimed Knight followed the men to a burger stand parking lot after an argument on the Straight Outta Compton film set, and that the collision looked intentional.[75] Security footage video showed Knight running over both men. Knight claimed he acted in self-defense.[76]
In March 2015, Knight was hospitalized after he told a judge that he was suffering from blindness and other complications. Knight fired attorneys handling his murder case and said he was receiving inadequate medical treatment while in custody.[77] The same month, a court set bail for his release for US$25 million . Knight collapsed in court shortly after the bail setting was announced.[78] On April 16, 2015, Knight's bail was reduced to US$10 million .[79][80] In July 2015, Knight's lawyer claimed that Knight might have a brain tumor[81] on the same day that Knight's request for lower bail was refused.[82] In January 2016, Knight changed counsel in his murder trial for a fourth time.[83][84] In May 2016, three attorneys replaced the two hired earlier in the year.[85] In July 2016, the judge denied Knight's motion to reveal the identities of several key prosecution witnesses, citing Knight's long history of violence.[86] Knight became emotional after the ruling, stating that because of his health problems, he will die in jail.[87] In March 2017, Knight was hospitalized after suffering from blood clots, a condition that has been affecting him for two years.[88] Knight's hospitalization delayed the trial[89] to September 2018.[90] When September arrived, Knight pleaded no contest to voluntary manslaughter.[91][92] The judge sentenced Knight to 28 years in prison.[93] As of December 2018, Knight is incarcerated at RJ Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego.[94]
Prosecution on charges of threatening death (2017) [ edit ] In August 2017, a grand jury indicted Knight on charges of "threatening death or bodily injury" for sending threatening text messages to F. Gary Gray, the director of Straight Outta Compton, on August 8, 2017. Knight pleaded not guilty to the charge,[95] and the charge was dropped as part of Knight's plea agreement in the death of Terry Carter.[96]
Biographical portrayals in film [ edit ] Documentary film [ edit ] American Dream/American Knightmare, a documentary by Antoine Fuqua featuring interviews conducted with Knight in 2011 and 2012, was broadcast on Showtime on December 21, 2018.
References [ edit ] ^ "Suge Knight". Encyclopedia.com . Retrieved September 24, 2016 . ^ a b Travis L. Gosa, "The fifth element: Knowledge", in Justin A. Williams, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Hip-Hop (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015), p 56. ^ Paul Cantor, "Suge Knight reflects on 'Doggystyle' 20 years later", Rolling Stone, 25 Nov 2013. ^ Kenneally, Tim (September 20, 2018). "Suge Knight to Serve 28 Years Over 2015 Hit-and-Run Death". TheWrap . Retrieved September 20, 2018 . ^ Gerber, Marisa (February 2, 2015). " ' Suge' Knight charged with murder; could face life in prison". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved February 3, 2015 . ^ "Inmate Information". CDCR Inmate Locator . Retrieved April 2, 2020 . ^ Lee, McKinley; Williams, Frank (1997). Chosen by Fate: My Life Inside Death Row Records. West Hollywood, CA: Dove Books. ISBN 9780787114329 . Retrieved January 31, 2015 . ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (February 2, 1997). "Does a Sugar Bear Bite?". The New York Times . Retrieved January 15, 2008 . ^ a b "hiphop.sh". Archived from the original on February 7, 2015 . Retrieved January 30, 2015 . ^ Rachael Levy, Former coaches portray Knight in positive light, Las Vegas Sun, September 10, 1996. Retrieved November 3, 2008. ^ Biography for Marion "Suge" Knight. IMDb.com, Retrieved November 15, 2008. ^ Suge Knight gets knocked out (May 21, 2008). "Suge Knight gets knocked out". Hiphopn.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012 . Retrieved August 22, 2012 . ^ "Gold & Platinum - February 12, 2010". RIAA. March 18, 1993. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015 . Retrieved February 12, 2010 . ^ Rollin' Wich Dre: The Unauthorized Account: An Insider's Tale of the Rise, Fall, and Rebirf of West Coast Hip Hop (Williams/Alexander, 2008) ISBN 0-345-49822-4 ^ Anderson, Joel (November 20, 2019). "How C. Delores Tucker's Crusade Against Offensive Rap Lyrics Upended the Music Industry". Slate Magazine . Retrieved June 17, 2020 . ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 1". daveyd.com. June 1997 . Retrieved March 20, 2009 . ^ "MC Hammer". MTV. ^ "MC Hammer". MTV. ^ Burgess, Omar (March 18, 2009). "Death Row Records: The Pardon | Rappers Talk Hip Hop Beef & Old School Hip Hop". HipHop DX. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011 . Retrieved May 10, 2011 . ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 2". daveyd.com. June 1997 . Retrieved March 20, 2009 . ^ "What had happened was MC Hammer". Vibe.com. March 2009. Archived from the original on March 15, 2009. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ a b c VIDEO: Greg Kading's Book Says Sean Combs, Suge Knight Ordered Tupac and Biggie Killings By LA Weekly Mon., October 3, 2011 ^ "RapCentral.co.uk - SNOOP DOGG BEEF INFO FOR ALL HIS BEEFS WITH SUGE KNIGHT, THE EASTSIDAZ AND MORE". March 29, 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2007 . Retrieved September 22, 2018 . ^ Danton, Eric (November 9, 2003). "Biggie (rip) Vs. Tupac (rip)". The Courant . Retrieved November 8, 2013 . ^ Philips, Chuck (June 20, 2005). "Witness in B.I.G. case says his memory's bad". LA Times . Retrieved October 3, 2013 . ^ Philips, Chuck (June 3, 2005). "Informant in Rap Star's Slaying Admits Hearsay". LA Times . Retrieved September 15, 2013 . ^ Cook, John (June 2005). "Notorious LAT". Referencetone.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013 . Retrieved October 26, 2013 . ^ a b c d Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". LA Times . Retrieved July 15, 2012 . ^ Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "How Vegas police probe floundered in Tupac Shakur case". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved July 23, 2012 . ^ Silveran, Stephen M. (September 9, 2002). "B.I.G. Family Denies Tupac Murder Claim". People . Retrieved July 23, 2012 . ^ Leland, John (October 7, 2002). "New Theories Stir Speculation On Rap Deaths". New York Times . Retrieved September 29, 2013 . ^ Duvoisin, Mark (January 12, 2006). "L.A. Times Responds to Biggie Story". Rolling Stone . Retrieved September 19, 2013 . ^ Wilson, Simone (June 22, 2011). "Tupac Shakur, Notorious B.I.G. Murders and ex-LA Times Reporter Chuck Philips: A Timeline". LA Weekly. ^ "FBI reveals documents in Biggie Smalls death probe". cnn.com. ^ a b Murder Rap: The Untold Story of the Biggie Smalls & Tupac Shakur Murder Investigations by the Detective Who Solved Both Cases, Greg Kading, One Time Publishing, 2011. ISBN 0-9839554-8-4 Retrieved January 8, 2012. ^ "Los Angeles News and Events - Articles & Archives". Laweekly.com . Retrieved September 22, 2018 . ^ Nostro, Lauren (April 5, 2013). "16 Label Changes That Shocked The Rap Game - Snoop Dogg Leaves Death Row". Complex.com . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ a b Toure (December 14, 2006). "Snoop Dogg: America's Most Lovable Pimp". Rolling Stone . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ Hombach, Jean. Tupac Amaru Shakur . Retrieved November 15, 2015 . ^ Deutsch, Linda. Rap Mogul Knight Details Business Woes, The Washington Post, May 5, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2009. ^ "Judge Orders Bankruptcy Takeover Of Death Row". Billboard. July 10, 2006. ^ " ' Suge' Knight Files For Bankruptcy". Billboard. ^ "No One at the Helm: Trustee Appointed to Manage Death Row Records '' Illinois Business Law Journal". ^ HipHopDX.com - Suge Knight's Mansion Sold In Bankruptcy Court. HipHopDX.com. Retrieved December 3, 2008. ^ Death Row label is sold for $24m, BBC News, July 15, 2008. Retrieved December 18, 2009. ^ "Storage Wars: Season 1, Episode 1 High Noon in the High Desert" on IMDb ^ "Electric chair is hot item at Death Row Records auction". The Orange County Register. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009 . Retrieved August 22, 2012 . ^ Jones, Sophie (February 3, 2019). "Tupac ALIVE? Suge Knight speaks out over son's claim rapper did NOT die". Dailystar.co.uk. ^ Coleman, C. Vernon, II. "Suge Knight Confirms Unreleased Tupac Shakur Music Is Coming - XXL". XXL Mag. ^ "2 lawyers for Suge Knight accused of plotting to bribe potential murder witnesses". CBS News. March 6, 2018 . Retrieved November 28, 2019 . ^ Abrahamson, Alan; Philips, Chuck (March 1, 1997). "Rap Mogul 'Suge' Knight Sent to Prison for 9 Years". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved November 27, 2019 . ^ Christina Saraceno (August 8, 2001). "Suge Knight Leaves Prison". Rolling Stone . Retrieved November 27, 2019 . ^ a b Ramirez, Erika (January 30, 2015). "Suge Knight: A Timeline of His Legal Troubles". Billboard . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ Teresa Wiltz (June 17, 2007). "Like Knight and Day? Gangsta Rap Brought 'Suge' Knight Wealth -- and Lots of Trouble. Now He's Singing a Different Tune". The Washington Post. ^ "Tupac Amaru Shakur". Books.google.com. epubli . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ Janice aka Miss Mad (May 11, 2008). "SUGE KNIGHT KNOCKED UNCONSCIOUS IN LA NIGHT CLUB". MAD NEWS . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ Park, Dave (May 12, 2008). "Suge Knight knocked out (Photos)". Prefix Magazine . Retrieved July 23, 2016 . ^ MTV News staff report (August 28, 2005). "Suge Knight Recovering After Being Shot At Kanye West Party In Miami - News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News". Mtv.com . Retrieved February 12, 2010 . ^ "Who shot Suge Knight? - Access Hollywood - Today.com". Today.com. August 30, 2005 . Retrieved February 12, 2010 . ^ Berry, Jahna (February 17, 2009). " ' Suge' Knight goes to hospital after fight in Scottsdale". The Arizona Republic. ^ "Suge Knight -- Shot Multiple Times After VMA Party Turns Violent". Tmz.com. August 24, 2014 . Retrieved August 24, 2014 . ^ Dillon, Nancy (August 25, 2014). "Investigators believe Suge Knight, not Chris Brown, was intended target in shooting at Pre-VMAs Party". Nydailynews.com . Retrieved August 27, 2014 . ^ Dillon, Nancy (August 27, 2014). "Suge Knight released from hospital as police seek several 'people of interest' in nightclub shooting". New York Daily News. ^ "Suge Knight -- I Ain't No Snitch ... Not Talking To Cops". Tmz.com. August 26, 2014 . Retrieved August 27, 2014 . ^ "Jeezy: I Was Nearly Hit When Suge Knight Was Shot". BET.com. November 13, 2015. ^ a b Nancy Dillon, Suge Knight's robbery trial with comedian Katt Williams pushed till after jury weighs his murder case, New York Daily News (August 30, 2016). ^ Almasy, Steve (October 29, 2014). "Suge Knight, Katt Williams arrested in paparazzi camera theft case". CNN . Retrieved October 30, 2014 . ^ Fieldstadt, Elisha (November 3, 2014). " ' Suge' Knight Hospitalized With 'Blood Clot' After Passing Out in Vegas Jail". NBC News.com. ^ Dillon, Raquel Maria (January 30, 2015). "Ex-rap mogul Suge Knight arrested on suspicion of murder". Christian Science Monitor . Retrieved February 3, 2015 . ^ McGeehan, Patrick (January 30, 2015). "Suge Knight, Music Executive, Is Questioned by Police in Hit-and-Run". The New York Times . Retrieved January 30, 2015 . CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) ^ Rocha, Veronica (January 30, 2015). "Man allegedly killed by Suge Knight was father figure in South L.A." LA Times . Retrieved February 3, 2015 . ^ "Heavyweight Records On A&M Records". onamrecords.com. ^ McCartney, Anthony (February 3, 2015). "Suge Knight Taken to Hospital After Court Appearance". ABC News . Retrieved February 4, 2015 . ^ Kalilea, Vivian (January 29, 2015). "Suge Knight kills 'close friend' in Hit and Run". Entertainment Weekly . Retrieved January 29, 2015 . ^ Suge Knight arrested in fatal hit-and-run, Saeed Ahmed, CNN, January 30, 2015 ^ Anthony McCartney (February 9, 2015). " ' Suge' Knight's Lawyer: Video of Deadly Wreck Helps Defense". ABC News. AP . Retrieved February 9, 2015 . ^ McCartney, Anthony (March 3, 2015). "Suge Knight hospitalized after firing lawyers". Detroit Free Press. ^ "Rap mogul Suge Knight collapses in court after judge sets $25 million bail". BBC Newsbeat. March 20, 2015. ^ "Suge Knight Murder Case Going to Trial, Rapper's Bail Reduced to $10 Million". E! Online. ^ "Judge Lowers Bail to $10 Million In Suge Knight Case - Vibe". Vibe. ^ "Suge Knight -- My Toilet Is Possessed ... Oh Yeah, I May Have a Brain Tumor", TMZ, July 17, 2015. ^ Anthony McCartney, "Judge refuses to lower Suge Knight's bail", USA Today, July 17, 2015. ^ "Suge Knight Gets Fifth Lawyer in Murder Case". Billboard. Associated Press. January 22, 2016 . Retrieved September 25, 2016 . ^ Erin Staley (January 23, 2016). "Suge Knight Gets New Lawyer In Last-Ditch-Effort To Avoid Life Sentence". Inquisitr.com . Retrieved September 25, 2016 . ^ Hassahn Liggins (April 27, 2016). "Suge Knight Selects New Defense Team for Murder Trial". Radiofacts.com . Retrieved September 25, 2016 . ^ "Suge Knight Breaks Down in Court as Judge Denies Key Witness Info". Yahoo. July 24, 2016 . Retrieved September 25, 2016 . ^ Dillon, Nancy (July 22, 2016). "Judge denies rap mogul Suge Knight murder-trial witness info". NY Daily News . Retrieved September 25, 2016 . ^ "Suge Knight Back in Hospital for Blood Clots". Tmz.com. ^ "Suge Knight misses court hearing due to illness". Nydailynews.com. ^ "Suge Knight Finally Gets a Date for Murder Trial". Billboard . Retrieved June 20, 2018 . ^ Almasy, Steve; Mossburg, Cheri (September 20, 2018). "Suge Knight pleads no contest to manslaughter in 2015 hit-and-run". CNN . Retrieved September 21, 2018 . ^ Dalton, Andrew (September 17, 2018). "Suge Knight pleads to manslaughter over fatal confrontation". MSN . Retrieved September 21, 2018 . ^ "Suge Knight sentenced to 28 years in prison for fatally running over man in 2015". www.cbsnews.com. ^ "State of California Inmate Locator". inmatelocator.cdcr.ca.gov. ^ Marisa Gerber, Marion 'Suge' Knight charged with threatening director of the film 'Straight Outta Compton', New York Daily News (August 3, 2017). ^ "Suge Knight sentenced to 28 years in prison for fatally running over man in 2015". www.cbsnews.com . Retrieved February 20, 2019 . Further reading [ edit ] Biggie & Tupac. Dir. Nick Broomfield. Lafayette Films, 2002.Brown, Jake. Suge Knight: The Rise, Fall, and Rise of Death Row Records: The Story of Marion "Suge" Knight, a Hard Hitting Study of One Man, One Company That Changed the Course of American Music Forever. Amber Books, October 1, 2001, 218 pp. ISBN 0-9702224-7-5Kading, Greg. Murder Rap: The Untold Story of the Biggie Smalls & Tupac Shakur Murder Investigations by the Detective Who Solved Both Cases. One Time Publishing, 2011. ISBN 0-9839554-8-4Philips, Chuck. "Who Killed Tupac Shakur? How Vegas Police Probe Foundered". Los Angeles Times, September 7, 2002, p. 1.Raftery, Brian M. "A B.I.G. Mystery." Entertainment Weekly. September 27, 2002, p. 19.Ro, Ronin. Have Gun Will Travel: The Spectacular Rise and Violent Fall of Death Row Records. Doubleday, 1998, 384 pp. ISBN 0-385-49134-4Poole, Russell. "Chaos Merchants" ISBN 9781310940200Scott, Cathy. The Killing of Tupac Shakur. Huntington Press, October 1, 2002, 235 pp. ISBN 0-929712-20-XScott, Cathy. The Murder of Biggie Smalls. St. Martin's Press, 210 pp. 2000. ISBN 978-0312266202Scott, Cathy. "The Unsolved Murders of Tupac Shakur and Biggie Smalls." Crime Magazine. July 23, 2012, p. 1."Suge Knight Sentenced to 10 Months for Parole Violation." MTV.com. July 31, 2003.Sullivan, Randall. LAbyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. 2002.Sullivan, Randall. Labyrinth: Corruption and Vice in the L.A.P.D.: The truth behind the murders of Tupac Shakur and Biggie Smalls. Atlantic Monthly Press, April 2, 2002, 384 pp. ISBN 0-87113-838-7Welcome to Death Row. Dir. S. Leigh Savidge & Jeff Scheftel, 2001External links [ edit ] Career statistics and player information from Pro-Football-Reference
The Woman Who Accused Tupac Of Rape Has Spoken For The First Time - LADbible
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:33
News Stewart PerrieLast updated 4:53 PM, Tuesday July 10 2018 GMT+1
In 1993, rapper 2pac - real name Tupac Shakur - was charged with sexually assaulting a woman in a hotel room, and although he denied the offence, the rapper was convicted and sent to prison. That woman, Ayanna Jackson, spoke during the trial of how 'in awe' and 'starstruck' she was when she arrived at the hotel that night.
Ms Jackson wasn't named during the trial, however she's come forward more than 24 years later to give her first on-camera interview to explain what happened that night.
Speaking to VLadTV, Ayanna explained how she initially went into a bedroom with Shakur and gave him a massage. They eventually started kissing but the rapper grabbed the back of her head at one point and kept telling her to 'relax'. But at one point, a door opened, and Ms Jackson could hear people shuffling into the room.
She recalled: "Because he had his hand in my braids, I can't physically move around. So I'm looking at him while I'm straddling him and I'm looking at him face to face and I can hear people talking and I hear people saying, 'Look at her.'
"I'm looking at him dead in the eye and I say, 'What's going on?'
"He's saying: 'Relax, relax, relax, baby. These are my boys. I like you so much I decided to share you with them.'"
Watch the trailer for the documentary on 2pac's death
Ayanna said she told Tupac 'no' several times but he kept his hand on the back of her head. She described parts of the encounter like an out-of-body experience because she couldn't believe it was happening to her.
Ms Jackson recalled her stockings and dress being ripped off by the other men in the room before being raped by Tupac. Eventually the singer left the room and his friends then raped her.
It wasn't until she 'came to' that she realised what had happened to her.
When the case went to court, Tupac stringently denied the rape charges and insisted what happened that night was consensual. While he apologised to her in the courtroom, he told the judge: "I'm not apologising for a crime. I hope in time you'll come forth and tell the truth."
Justice Daniel P. Fitzgerald didn't side with the singer and described the crime as 'an act of brutal violence against a helpless woman'. He was sentenced to four and a half years behind bars with the ability to apply for parole after serving just one and a half years.
Featured Image Credit: Tupac Instagram
Topics: Celebrity, News, Music, Raped, Sexual Assault, US News, crime, Tupac Shakur, Prison
Stewart PerrieStewart Perrie is a Trending Journalist at LADbible. His first job was as a newsreader and journalist at the award winning Sydney radio station, Macquarie Radio. He was solely responsible for the content broadcast on multiple stations across Australia when the MH17, Germanwings and AirAsia disasters unfolded. Stewart has covered the conflict in Syria for LADbible, interviewing a doctor on the front line, and has contributed to the hugely successful UOKM8 campaign.
Follow @stewartperrie
The "superpredator" myth was discredited, but it continues to ruin young black lives | Salon.com
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 14:13
Vincent Thompson was first arrested when he was 14. It was a Friday night and Thompson and some friends in his neighborhood in Hempstead, Long Island, had just come home from a party. They were clustered outside their buildings not yet ready to call it a night, when the police "rushed" the group, he said, and searched them. Thompson had just started selling crack, and the police found it. He was handcuffed and stuffed into the back of a police car. "It was my first time ever being in that position," Thompson recalls. "I was young."
He was released into his mother's custody, but placed on juvenile probation '-- a label that would come to define his adolescence, as was the process of shuttling back and forth to court. By this point in his life, Thompson had already witnessed his older brother and sister get arrested; the images of them sitting in the back of a police car, handcuffed, were cemented in his conscience.
Thompson's home situation was loving. His mother was strong, stable and the sole provider for her three children. But the realities of the neighborhood were dominant. There were two constants for Thompson growing up in Hempstead: drugs and police. He described his community as swallowed by drugs. He often saw the buying and selling of it, but also a heavy, perpetual police presence. If a group of kids were hanging together outside, there was a significant possibility that they would be searched and harassed.
In the early 2000s when Thompson became a teenager, the "superpredator" myth was largely unquestioned. This was the theory that certain cohorts of young people in urban settings (and almost always black or Latino) are violent, terrifying and with "no conscience, no empathy," as Hillary Clinton famously said in 1996. Thompson experienced stop-and-frisk long before he even knew there was a name for it. And Thompson witnessed so many arrests, beyond his siblings, so many people leaving the neighborhood for stretches of time, so many people returning to the community, that incarceration became normalized.
The superpredator condemnation was conceived by John J. Dilulio Jr. in the mid-1990s. ''A new generation of street criminals is upon us '-- the youngest, biggest and baddest generation any society has ever known," he said, and the term ushered in a methodology of putting violent teenagers in adult prisons with no thought given to intervention or rehabilitation. Dilulio's description of "brutally remorseless youngsters" won out against children's inexperience and suggestibility. William J. Bennett, with John P. Walter and Dilulio, penned "Body Count" in 1996 and promoted the theory that superpredators would skyrocket the level of teenage violence by the new millennium. But violent crime declined; what surged was the juvenile justice population.
The reality that the U.S. has the highest prison population in the world is both devastating and well-known. The U.S. also leads the world in youth incarceration. There are more than 850,000 juvenile arrests per year and nearly 50,000 young people sit in incarceration every day. And like the adult prison population, black and brown youths are disproportionately impacted. Black children are five times more likely to be held and detained than white children, according to data from the Department of Justice.
The superpredator theory has been disproved. Dilulio and Clinton have apologized for propagating it. But the policies that followed and the effects of this thinking are still very much in place. In California, people from as young as 14 years old can be transferred to adult courts and tried and sentenced as such. It is a proposition still on the books from 2000. And California is not alone. In a new VICE documentary called "Raised in the System," it says, "There are up to 200,000 youth, tried, sentenced, or incarcerated as adults annually."
"That superpredator myth really scared generations," Bahiyyah Muhammad, assistant professor of criminology at Howard University, said. "That myth is continuing to go on, even in the midst of the apology for it."
The next year, Thompson was arrested again. This time, the police observed him making a drug sale. They chased him into his apartment and "put the guns to me and all that," he said. They thought he broke into someone's home. "I'm 15 years old," he added. For this charge, he spent 60 days in the Nassau County Juvenile Detention Center. Thompson's major takeaway from the center was, "it really got you ready for prison."
"They make very little even pretense at rehabilitation at this point anywhere," said WNYC reporter Kai Wright. He takes an in-depth look into the juvenile justice system in a new podcast series "Caught." He added, "Coming out of, again, the politics of the '90s ... it really started to crowd out the idea that we would be rehabilitating people instead of punishing them."
Thompson remembers that when he was incarcerated there, the detention center held about 60 young people from all over Long Island. But at least one-third were from his same neighborhood. That's because juvenile justice is local and incarceration overwhelmingly cripples distinct geographic areas, but research by Harvard sociologists shows that when law enforcement finds its focus, entire neighborhoods in major cities '-- mostly poor, and black and brown '-- can be swept up by the prosecutorial zeal.
When it comes to youth incarceration and one's ZIP code, "it's an immediate correlation," Muhammad said. "That really is the bread and butter of the entire juvenile justice system." Wright added, "The sorting of innocence from irredeemable guilt starts young. And more often than not, that stark divide depends on what you look like and where you live."
Researchers labeled areas with high concentration of crime and plagued by mass incarceration as "hot spots." Informally, they have been dubbed "'million-dollar blocks' to reflect that spending on incarceration was the predominant public sector investment in these neighborhoods," the American Prospect magazine reported.
This means mass incarceration can be totally invisible to some Americans or ever present for others. The same is true for youth incarceration. Muhammad says that like the criminal justice system, "the doors revolve" in the juvenile justice system and "t he majority of people incarcerated have a juvenile record. So it's clear that there is this pathway." One common denominator is the lowest-performing schools '-- those that are the most underfunded and underresourced '-- are often in areas where incarceration rates are the highest.
Eighth grade was the last grade Thompson completed as a teenager. He started at Hempstead High School, but was kicked out for truancy, and was officially expelled his second year for the same thing. "I didn't need to be pushed out of school," he said. "I needed to be inside a school." Thompson felt his expulsion drove him right into the juvenile justice system.
It didn't help either that his high school already resembled a place of lockup. It had metal detectors; police patrolled the halls; status offenses, misbehavior or fistfights meant you could leave handcuffed in the back of a police car. Thompson thought school was supposed to be a "safe haven," but with his expulsion, his problems spiraled. " It doesn't help living in highly criminal areas and the school system just pushes you back into that area," he said.
The superpredator myth didn't just infect courtrooms. Schools became these militarized "zero-tolerance" zones, where childish behavior was criminalized, and schools, in specific underresourced neighborhoods, became gateways to youth incarceration. It is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline.
Muhammad described the pipeline as:
Individuals in certain schools are being pushed out and being disciplined in a way that's very vicious, that's disrespectful and is a disregard for young black bodies within schools. You started to see metal detectors popping up in these different schools and it was connected to zip code. So if it was a zip code that was plagued by mass incarceration '-- connected to the statistics that come out of the Bureau of Justice highlighting the different communities and city that individuals are returning home to '-- their children started to get targeted within the schools that they are attending. And not reaching out to help them, but creating an environment where the school is almost just like prison.
In WNYC's "Caught," Judith Browne Dianis, executive director of a civil rights organization, explained that in schools, talking back became disorderly conduct; writing on desks became vandalism. In some states, schools have to alert the courts if a student is cutting class, and fights at school became felonies. So instead of providing social services in schools, children as young as elementary and secondary are facing draconian-style laws and are shifted into the juvenile justice system, which VICE estimates makes a young person 38 times more likely to enter the criminal justice system as an adult.
A horrific video surfaced from a South Carolina high school in 2015, when a school police officer wrapped his arm around a 16-year-old black girl's neck to forcibly remove her from her desk. The desk flipped over and he proceeded to drag her and throw her across the floor before arresting her. Classmates said the teenager used a cellphone in math class and then refused to leave the classroom. For this, she faced a misdemeanor charge for "disturbing schools." Wright worries that even as we are in a political moment where the school-to-prison pipeline is named and known, which he says is progress '-- as a society, we have yet to wrestle with the long-term effects of these zero-tolerance policies.
With no school to attend, Thompson spent more time on the streets, more time selling drugs and more time face to face with what he says were "the hardships of the neighborhood." Thompson was arrested again for a drug sale at 17 and sent to Nassau County jail '-- an adult jail, but he was housed in the adolescent block for one year. There, he turned 18 and got his GED. And five months after his release from jail, Thompson was arrested for manslaughter and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
"Very few people would look at this and say this works," Wright said of the juvenile justice system. "It is almost unanimous that this does not work. The debates are really about how much harm does it do."
But something clicked for Thompson during his sentencing as a legal adult. He saw scores of young black men shuffling in and out of courtrooms and it amplified the way the system disregards young black bodies. To see his mother in tears at his sentencing was exemplary of the way the system crushes entire families. And to see the district attorney pine for a plea deal made clear the system's priority for a conviction over justice. Thompson said that if he didn't devise a plan for himself, the system had the possibility of determining the rest of his life. So education became his primary goal once he learned there was a possibility of getting a college degree while incarcerated.
It is no accident. "The teenage brain is like a sports car," is the title of "Caught's" fifth episode. It follows the scientific brain research that demonstrates how teenagers are unpredictable and how brains do not mature fully until young people are in their 20s. (This adds to the long-established research of how most people age out of crime.)
In 2002, the Supreme Court deemed it unconstitutional to execute mentally disabled people, because they lack culpability, judgment and impulse control. Wright shows how this opened the door for lawyers to argue for the same treatment for youth '-- that a teenager is just as impulsive as someone with intellectual disabilities.
In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional for a teenager under the age of 18 to be sentenced to death. Then, in 2010, the Supreme Court ruled that a juvenile could not be sentenced to life without parole for a non-homicidal crime. And in 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that a juvenile could not be sentenced to mandatory life without parole. (This does not bar life sentences for youth, just mandatory ones.)
"Brain science, and juvenile life without parole, I think that's a perfect example of where the conversation around youth incarceration and youth criminalization is driving us into a space to think newly about what is justice," Wright said. "We've done this before, because we've thought newly about what is justice and made it a more punitive and more avenging space. We can think newly about justice and make it more about reform."
Reforms are happening. In Tuledo, Ohio, the documentary "Raised in the System" shows how juvenile court administrator Deborah Hodges has diverted a significant portion of juvenile offenders from detention to a youth assessment center. The Annie E. Casey Foundation's Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative is another well-known project that reduces juvenile detention populations. What began as a pilot project in the 1990s is now present in 300 counties. And in Illinois, youth under 18 are no longer tried as adults, but now automatically sent to juvenile court. Other nationwide programs like Models for Change incorporate mental health and community-based alternatives to youth incarceration.
"There are efforts inside the system and around the system to figure out how can we put rehabilitation back on the table and find ways to intervene with mental health," Wright said. "They are swimming against the tide of what the system is built to do at this moment."
Muhammad says to upend the superpredator myth, what's needed is a cultural upheaval for how we treat juvenile offenders. She added that it is crucial to keep youth in their communities, to connect them with mental health and other social services, to include their families in the reentry process and to provide young people with employment. Beyond the structural reforms, Muhammad stresses that, most important, young people need to be listened to and forgiven.
Thompson served just under 10 years in Sing Sing, Attica, Coxsackie, Eastern and Wallkill Correctional Facility. He tried three different times to enter college programs, but either did not qualify or did not make the cut. "It's so hard to get into a college program inside prison, so it took me about eight years to qualify," he said. "It's highly competitive."
At Wallkill, Thompson was accepted into New York University's Prison Education Program and earned his associate's. Now free, Thompson is at NYU working toward his bachelor's in American Studies. In his spare time, he works with Just Leadership, an organization that empowers formerly incarcerated individuals and others most affected by incarceration to craft prison reform through policy. Thompson is helping to create a Just Leadership branch in his hometown, Long Island. For the long term, he plans to start his own organization, "to provide mentorship to the youth and the support that I felt I should have gotten at that age," he said.
"No longer is the criminal justice system swallowing the juvenile justice system," Muhammad said of the research and reform dedicated to youth incarceration. Formerly incarcerated individuals like Thompson are increasingly leaders in this work. And since the juvenile justice system is the starting point of criminalization and incarceration for so many adults in prison, juvenile justice reform is integral to repairing the criminal justice system.
A nationwide cultural shift is still needed, but "you're starting to see a drive for juvenile justice," Muhammad continued. "And by looking at these children, this is the way that we're beginning to free them. And I feel like it's allowing us to humanize these children that should have never been animalized or dehumanized in the first place."
Tupac Shakur - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 13:58
"Tupac" redirects here. For other people with this name, see
Tupac (name).
American rapper and actor (1971''1996)
Tupac Amaru Shakur ( TOO -pahk shÉ- KOOR ; born Lesane Parish Crooks, June 16, 1971 '' September 13, 1996), popularly known by his stage name 2Pac, was an American rapper and actor.[3][4] He is considered by many to be one of the most significant rappers of all time.[5][6] Much of Shakur's work has been noted for addressing contemporary social issues that plagued inner cities, and he is considered a symbol of resistance and activism against inequality.[7]
Shakur was born in the Manhattan borough of New York City but relocated to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1988. He later moved to Los Angeles in 1993 to further pursue his music career. By the time he released his debut album 2Pacalypse Now in 1991, he had become a central figure in West Coast hip hop, introducing social issues in the genre at a time when gangsta rap was dominant in the mainstream.[8][9] Shakur achieved further critical and commercial success with his follow-up albums Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z... (1993) and the critically acclaimed Me Against the World (1995), which has been considered as his magnum opus.[10]
In later 1995, after being convicted of molestation and becoming a victim of a robbery and shooting, Shakur became heavily involved in the growing East Coast''West Coast hip hop rivalry.[11] His double-disc album All Eyez on Me (1996) became certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[12] On September 7, 1996, Shakur was shot four times by an unknown assailant in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas; he died six days later and the gunman was never captured. The Notorious B.I.G., Shakur's friend turned rival, was at first considered a suspect, but was also murdered in another drive-by shooting several months later.[13][14] Five more albums have been released since his death, all of which have been certified Platinum.
Shakur is one of the best-selling music artists of all time having sold over 75 million records worldwide. In 2002, he was inducted into the Hip-Hop Hall of Fame.[15] In 2017, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility.[16] Rolling Stone named Shakur in its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[17] Outside music, Shakur also gained considerable success as an actor, with his starring roles as Bishop in Juice (1992), Lucky in Poetic Justice (1993) where he starred alongside Janet Jackson, Ezekiel in Gridlock'd (1997), and Jake in Gang Related (1997), all garnering praise from critics.
Personal life Tupac Amaru Shakur was born on June 16, 1971, in the East Harlem section of New York City's Manhattan borough. While born Lesane Parish Crooks,[19][20][21] he was renamed, at age one, after Tºpac Amaru II[22] (the descendant of the last Incan ruler, Tºpac Amaru), who was executed in Peru in 1781 after his failed revolt against Spanish rule.[23]
Shakur's mother explained, "I wanted him to have the name of revolutionary, indigenous people in the world. I wanted him to know he was part of a world culture and not just from a neighborhood."[24] Tupac had an older stepbrother, Mopreme "Komani" Shakur, and a half-sister, Sekyiwa, two years his junior.[25] His parents, Afeni Shakur'--born Alice Faye Williams in North Carolina'--and his birth father, Billy Garland, had been active Black Panther Party members in New York in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[26]
Panther heritage A month before Tupac's birth, his mother Afeni was tried in New York City as part of the Panther 21 criminal trial. She was acquitted of over 150 charges, in sum, "Conspiracy against the United States government and New York landmarks."[27][28] Other family members who were further involved in the Black Panthers' Black Liberation Army were convicted of serious crimes and imprisoned.
Tupac's godfather, Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt, a high-ranking Panther, was convicted of murdering a school teacher during a 1968 robbery, although his sentence was overturned. In 1982, for aiding the 1979 New Jersey prison escape of Tupac's step-aunt and godmother Assata Shakur, his stepfather Mutulu Shakur spent four years among the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives. Captured in 1986, Mutulu was convicted and imprisoned for the 1981 robbery of a Brinks armored truck, during which police officers and a guard were killed.[29]
East Harlem neighborhood of New York City, where Shakur was born
School years In 1984, Tupac's family moved from New York City to Baltimore, Maryland.[30] He did eighth grade at Roland Park Middle School, then two years at Paul Laurence Dunbar High School. On transfer to the Baltimore School for the Arts, he studied acting, poetry, jazz, and ballet.[31][32] He performed in Shakespeare's plays'--depicting timeless themes, now seen in gang warfare, he would recall[33]'--and as the Mouse King role in The Nutcracker ballet.[29] With his friend Dana "Mouse" Smith as beatbox, he won competitions as reputedly the school's best rapper. Also known for his humor, he could mix with all crowds. As a teen, he listened to musicians including Kate Bush, Culture Club, Sin(C)ad O'Connor, and U2.[36]
At Baltimore's arts high school, Tupac befriended Jada Pinkett, who would become a subject of some of his poems.[37] After his death, she would call him "one of my best friends. He was like a brother. It was beyond friendship for us. The type of relationship we had, you only get that once in a lifetime."[38][39] Upon connecting with the Baltimore Young Communist League USA,[40][41][42] Tupac dated the daughter of the director of the local chapter of the Communist Party USA. In 1988, Shakur moved to Marin City, California, a small, impoverished community,[44] about five miles (eight km) north of San Francisco.[45] In nearby Mill Valley, he attended Tamalpais High School,[46] where he performed in several theater productions.[47]
Later relations In Tupac's adulthood he continued befriending individuals of diverse backgrounds. His friends would range from Mike Tyson[48] and Chuck D[49] to Jim Carrey[50] and Alanis Morissette, who in April 1996 said that she and Tupac were planning to open a restaurant together.[51][52]
In April 1995, early in his prison sentence, Tupac married his then longtime girlfriend Keisha Morris.[53] The marriage officially ended in March 1996.[54] In the four months before his death, Tupac lived with his girlfriend Kidada Jones, daughter of the record producer Quincy Jones and the actress Peggy Lipton.
In 1994, Tupac had spoken against interracial marriage,[55] but retracted these comments,[56] Kidada herself having been born through an interracial marriage. She was beside him at his death.[57] Some of Tupac's song lyrics suggest a belief in a god,[58] perhaps in the manner of deism.[59] Apparently not believing in Heaven and Hell as typified, he perhaps believed in karma.[60]
Music career In January 1991, Tupac, rapper, nationally debuted under the stage name 2Pac, guest on rap group Digital Underground's single "Same Song," compiled on the soundtrack of the February 1991 movie Nothing but Trouble.
2Pac's first two solo albums, November 1991's 2Pacalypse Now and February 1993's Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z..., preceded September 1994's eponymous and only album of his side group Thug Life, himself in it.[61]
Rapper/producer Stretch guests on the above, three 2Pac projects. 2Pac's third solo album, March 1995's Me Against the World, features rap clique Dramacydal, reshaping as the Outlawz on 2Pac's fourth solo.
The fourth 2Pac solo album, and last in his lifetime, February 1996's All Eyez on Me, features also, among its numerous guests, Thug Life member Big Syke. Yet another solo album was already finished.
November 1996's The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory, under the stage name Makaveli, is a studio album made in one August week, whereas later posthumous albums are archival productions.
Later posthumous albums are R U Still Down? (1997), Greatest Hits (1998), Still I Rise (1999), Until the End of Time (2001), Better Dayz (2002), Loyal to the Game (2004), Pac's Life (2006).[62]
Beginnings: 1989''1991 Tupac, using the stage name MC New York, began recording in 1989. That year, he began attending the poetry classes of Leila Steinberg.[63] Soon, she became the budding music artist's manager.[44]
Steinberg organized with Tupac's rap group Strictly Dope a concert. She managed to get Tupac signed by Atron Gregory, manager of the rap group Digital Underground.[44] In 1990, Gregory placed Tupac with the Underground as a roadie and backup dancer.[44][64]
Under the stage name 2Pac, he debuted on the group's January 1991 single "Same Song," leading the group's January 1991 EP titled This Is an EP Release,[44] while 2Pac appeared in the music video. It also went on the soundtrack of the February 1991 movie Nothing but Trouble, starting Dan Akroyd, John Candy, Chevy Chase, and Demi Moore.[44]
Rising star: 1992''1993 2Pac's debut album, 2Pacalypse Now'--alluding to the 1979 film Apocalypse Now'--arriving in November 1991, would bear three singles. Some prominent rappers'--like Nas, Eminem, Game, and Talib Kweli'--cite it as an inspiration.[65] Aside from "If My Homie Calls," the singles "Trapped" and "Brenda's Got a Baby" poetically depict individual struggles under socioeconomic disadvantage.[66] But once a Texas defense attorney, with a young client who had shot a state trooper, rationalized the defendant had been listening to the album, which touches upon police brutality, controversy ensued.
US Vice President Dan Quayle partially reacted, "There's no reason for a record like this to be released. It has no place in our society." Tupac, finding himself misunderstood,[67] explained, in part, "I just wanted to rap about things that affected young black males. When I said that, I didn't know that I was gonna tie myself down to just take all the blunts and hits for all the young black males, to be the media's kicking post for young black males."[68][69] In any case, 2Pacalypse Now was certified Gold, half a million copies sold. Altogether, 2Pacalypse Now seats well with the socially conscious rap, addressing urban black concerns, still prevalent in rap at the time.[70]
2Pac's second album, Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z..., arrived in February 1993. A critical and commercial advance, it debuted at #24 on the pop albums chart, the Billboard 200. More hardcore overall, it emphasizes Tupac's sociopolitical views, and has a metallic production quality, in fact featuring Ice Cube, the famed primary creator of N.W.A's "Fuck tha Police," but who, in his own solo albums, had newly gone militantly political, along with L.A.'s original gangsta rapper, Ice-T, who in June 1992 had sparked controversy with his band Body Count's track "Cop Killer," heavy metal.
In fact, in its vinyl release, side A, tracks 1 to 8, is labeled the "Black Side," while side B, tracks 9 to 16, is the "Dark Side." Nonetheless, the album carries the single "I Get Around," a party anthem featuring the Underground's Shock G and Money-B, which would render 2Pac's popular breakthrough, reaching #11 on the pop singles chart, the Billboard Hot 100. And it carries the optimistic compassion of another hit, "Keep Ya Head Up," encouraging women. This album would be certified Platinum, a million copies sold. As of 2004, among 2Pac albums, including of posthumous and compilation albums, the Strictly album would 10th in sales, about 1 366 000 copies.[71]
Stardom: 1994''1995 The
test pressing single for "
Dear Mama": the platinum single is among the top ranked songs in hip-hop history.
In late 1993, Shakur formed the group Thug Life with Tyrus "Big Syke" Himes, Diron "Macadoshis" Rivers, his stepbrother Mopreme Shakur, and Walter "Rated R" Burns. Thug Life released its only album, Thug Life: Volume 1, on October 11, 1994. It went Gold. It carries the single "Pour Out a Little Liquor", produced by Johnny "J" Jackson, who would also produce much of Shakur's album All Eyez on Me. Usually, Thug Life performed live without Tupac.[72] The track "Pour Out a Little Liquor" appears also on the 1994 film Above the Rim's soundtrack. But under the heavy criticism of gangsta rap at the time, the album's original version was scrapped, and the album redone with mostly new tracks. Still, along with Stretch, Tupac would perform the first planned first single, "Out on Bail," which was never released, at the 1994 Source Awards.[73]
2Pac's third album, arriving in March 1995 as Me Against the World, is now hailed as his magnum opus, and commonly ranks among the greatest, most influential rap albums. The album sold 240,000 copies in its first week, setting a then record for highest first-week sales for a solo male rapper.[74] The lead single, "Dear Mama," arrived in February with the B side "Old School."[75] The album's most successful single, it topping the Hot Rap Singles chart, and peaked at #9 on the pop singles chart, the Billboard Hot 100.[76] In July, it was certified Platinum.[77] It ranked #51 on the year-end charts. The second single, "So Many Tears," released in June,[78] reached #6 on the Hot Rap Singles chart and #44 on Hot 100.[76] August brought the final single, "Temptations,"[79] reaching #68 on the Hot 100, #35 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks, and #13 on the Hot Rap Singles.[76] At the 1996 Soul Train Music Awards, Tupac won for best rap album.[80] In 2001, it ranked 4th among his total albums in sales, with about 3 524 567 copies sold in the US.[81]
Superstardom: 1995''1996 While imprisoned February to October 1995, Tupac wrote only one song, he would say.[82] Rather, he took to political theorist Niccol² Machiavelli's treatise The Prince and military strategist Sun Tzu's treatise The Art of War.[83] And on Tupac's behalf, his wife Keisha Morris communicated to Suge Knight of Death Row Records that Tupac, in dire straits financially, needed help, his mother about to lose her house.[84] In August, after sending $15,000 for her, Suge began visiting Tupac in prison.[84] In one of his letters to Nina Bhadreshwar, recently hired edit a planned magazine, Death Row Uncut,[85] Tupac discusses plans to start a "new chapter."[86] Eventually, music journalist Kevin Powell would say that Shakur, once released, more aggressive, "seemed like a completely transformed person."[87]
2Pac's fourth album, All Eyez on Me, arrived on February 13, 1996. Of two discs, it basically was rap's first double album'--meeting two of the three albums due in Tupac's contract with Death Row'--and bore five singles while perhaps marking the peak of 1990s rap.[88] With standout production,[89] the album has more party tracks and often a triumphant tone.[90] As 2Pac's second album to hit #1 on both the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and the pop albums chart, the Billboard 200,[91] it sold 566,000 copies in its first week and was it was certified 5— Multi-Platinum in April.[92] "How Do U Want It" as well as "California Love" reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. At the 1997 Soul Train Awards, it won in R&B/Soul or Rap Album of the Year.[93] At the 24th American Music Awards, Tupac won in Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist.[94] The album was certified 9— Multi-Platinum in June 1998,[95] and 10— in July 2014.[96]
Tupac's fifth and final studio album, The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory, commonly called simply The 7 Day Theory, was released under a newer stage name, Makaveli.[97] This album had been created in seven days total during August 1996.[98] The lyrics were written and recorded in three days, and mixing took another four days. In 2005, MTV.com ranked The 7 Day Theory at #9 among the hip hop's greatest albums ever,[99] and by 2006 a classic album.[100] Its singular poignance, through hurt and rage, contemplation and vendetta, resonate with many fans.[101] But according to George "Papa G" Pryce, Death Row Records' then director of public relations, the album was meant to be "underground," and "was not really to come out," but, "after Tupac was murdered, it did come out."[102] It peaked at #1 on Billboard's Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and on the Billboard 200,[103] with the second-highest debut-week sales total of any album that year.[104] On June 15, 1999, it was certified 4— Multi-Platinum.[105]
Film career Tupac's first film appearance was in 1991 in Nothing but Trouble, a cameo by the Digital Underground. Yet in 1992, he starred in Juice, where he plays the fictional Roland Bishop, a violent gang member. Rolling Stone ' s Peter Travers calls him "the film's most magnetic figure."[106]
Then, in 1993, Tupac starred alongside Janet Jackson in John Singleton's romance film, Poetic Justice. Tupac then played another gangster, the fictional Birdie, in Above the Rim. Soon after Tupac's death, three more films starring him were released, Bullet (1996), Gridlock'd (1997), and Gang Related (1997).[107][108]
Director Allen Hughes had cast Tupac as Sharif in the 1993 film Menace II Society, but replaced him once Tupac assaulted him on set. Nonetheless, in 2013, Hughes appraises that Tupac would have outshone the other actors, "because he was bigger than the movie."[109][110] For the lead role in the eventual 2001 film Baby Boy, a role played by Tyrese Gibson, director John Singleton had originally had Tupac in mind.[111] Ultimately, the set design includes in the protagonist's bedroom a Tupac mural, and the film's score includes the 2Pac song "Hail Mary."[112]
Criminal cases In October 1991, Shakur filed a $10-million lawsuit against the Oakland Police Department for allegedly brutalizing him over jaywalking. The case was settled for about $43 000.[113] Yet thereafter, he would be involved in a series of cases where he was accused of inflicting the harm.
Shooting of Qa'id Walker-Teal On August 22, 1992, in Marin City, Shakur performed outdoors at a festival. For about an hour after it, he signed autographs and posed for photos.
Allegedly, once a conflict broke out, Shakur drew but dropped a legally carried Colt Mustang that someone with him then picked up while it accidentally discharged. About 100 yards, or 90 meters, away in a schoolyard, Qa'id Walker-Teal, a boy age 6, on his bicycle, was fatally shot in the forehead.
Police matched the bullet to a .38-caliber pistol registered to Shakur. And his stepbrother Maurice Harding was arrested. But no charges were filed. Lack of witnesses stymied prosecution. In 1995, Qa'id's mother filed against Shakur a wrongful death suit, settled for about $300 000 to $500 000.[114][115]
Shooting two policemen In October 1993, in Atlanta, Mark Whitwell and Scott Whitwell, two brothers, both police officers off duty, were out celebrating with their wives, one of whom had passed the state's bar examination. Drunk, the officers crossed the street while a passing car, carrying Shakur, allegedly almost struck them. The Whitwells, later found to have stolen guns, argued with the car's occupants, soon joined by a second car. Ultimately, Shakur shot one officer in the buttocks and the other in the leg, back, or abdomen. Shakur was charged in the shooting. Mark Whitwell was charged with firing at Shakur's car and later lying to the investigation. Prosecutors dropped all charges against the parties.[116][117]
Assault convictions On April 5, 1993, charged with felonious assault, Shakur allegedly threw a microphone and swung a baseball bat at rapper Chauncey Wynn, of the group M.A.D., at a concert at Michigan State University. On September 14, 1994, Shakur pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor, and was sentenced to 30 days in jail, twenty of them suspended, and ordered to 35 hours of community service.[118][119]
Slated to star as Sharif in the 1993 Hughes brothers' film Menace II Society, Shakur was replaced by actor Vonte Sweet after allegedly assaulting one of the film's director, Allen Hughes. In early 1994, Shakur served 15 days in jail once found guilty of the assault.[120][121] The prosecution's evidence included a Yo! MTV Raps interview where Shakur boasts that he had "beat up the director of Menace II Society."[122]
Sexual-assault conviction In November 1993, Shakur and three other men were charged in New York with sexually assaulting a woman in his hotel room. The woman, Ayanna Jackson, alleged that after consensual oral sex in his hotel room, she returned a later day, but then was raped by him and other men there. Interviewed on The Arsenio Hall Show, Shakur said he was hurt that "a woman would accuse me of taking something from her."[123]
On December 1, 1994, denying that he had himself raped her, Shakur was convicted of first-degree sexual abuse, but acquitted of associated sodomy and gun charges. In February 1995, he was sentenced to 18 months to '‹ 4 1'2 years in prison by a judge who alleged "an act of brutal violence against a helpless woman."[124][125] On October 12, 1995, pending judicial appeal, Shakur was released from Clinton Correctional Facility,[126] once Suge Knight, CEO of Death Row Records, arranged for posting of his $1.4 million bond.[127] On April 5, 1996, Shakur was sentence to 120 days in jail for violating his release terms by failing to appear for a road cleanup job.[128] But on June 8, his sentence was deferred via appeals pending in other cases.[129]
New York scene 1990s In 1991, 2Pac debuted on a new record label, Interscope Records, that knew little about rap music. Until that year, Ruthless Records, formed during 1986 in Los Angeles county's Compton city, had prioritized rap, and its group N.W.A had led gangsta rap to platinum sales, but N.W.A's lyrics, outrageously violent and misogynist, precluded mainstream breakthrough. On the other hand, also specializing in rap, Profile Records, in New York City, had a mainstream, pop breakthrough, Run-DMC's "Walk This Way'', in 1986. In April 1991, N.W.A disbanded via Dre. Dre's departure to, with Suge Knight, launch Death Row Records, in Los Angeles city.[130] With it very first two albums, Death Row became the first record label both to pioritize rap and to regularly release mainstream, pop hits with it.[130]
Released by Death Row in late 1992, Dre's The Chronic'--its "Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang" ubiquitous on pop radio and "Let Me Ride" winning a Grammy'--was trailed in late 1993 by Snoop's Doggystyle.[130] Gangsta rap, no less, these propelled the West Coast, for the first time, ahead of New York to rap's center stage.[130] But meanwhile, in 1993, Andre Harrell of Uptown Records, in New York, fired his star A&R man, Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs, later "P. Diddy."[130] Puffy, while leaving behind his standout projects Jodeci and Mary J. Blige'--two R&B acts'--took to his own, new record label, Bad Boy Entertainment, the promising gangsta rapper Biggie Smalls, soon also known as The Notorious B.I.G.[130] His debut album, released in late 1994 as Ready to Die, promptly returned rap's spotlight to New York.[130]
Rap world Stretch and Live Squad In 1988, Randy "Stretch" Walker, along with his brother, dubbed Majesty, and a friend debuted with an EP as rap group and production team, Live Squad, in New York City's borough Queens.[131] Tupac's early days with Digital Underground made his acquaintance with Stretch, who featured on a track of the Digital Underground's 1991 album Sons of the P. Becoming fast friends, Tupac and Stretch recorded and performed together often.[131] Stretch as well as Live Squad contributed tracks on 2Pac's first two albums, first November 1991, then February 1993, and on 2Pac's side group Thug Life's only album of September 1994.
The end of Tupac's and Stretch's friendship in late 1994 surprised the New York rap scene.[131] The next 2pac album, released in March 1995, lacks Stretch, and 2Pac's album after that, released in February 1996, has lines suggesting Stretch's impending death for betrayal. No objective evidence would publicly emerge to tangibly incriminate Stretch in the gun attack on Tupac, while with Stretch and two others, at about 12:30 AM on November 30, 1994. In any case, after a Live Squad production session for the second album of Queens rapper Nas, Stretch's vehicle was chased while receiving fatal gunfire at about 12:30 AM on November 30, 1995.[131]
Biggie and Junior M.A.F.I.A. During 1993 and 1994, the Biggie Smalls guest verses on several singles, often R&B, like Mary J. Blige's "What's the 411? Remix," set high expectations for his debut album. The perfectionism of Puffy, still forming his Bad Boy label, extended its recording to 18 months. In 1993, visiting Los Angeles, Biggie asked a local drug dealer for an introduction to Tupac, who then welcomed Biggie and Biggie's friends to Tupac's house and treated them to food, weed, and entertainment.[84] On later visits to Los Angeles, Biggie would stay at Tupac's place.[84] And when in New York, Tupac would go to Brooklyn and hang out with Biggie and his circle.[84]
During this period, at his own live shows, Tupac would call Biggie onto stage to rap with him and Stretch.[84] Together, they recorded the songs "Runnin' from the Police" and "House of Pain." Reportedly, Biggie asked Tupac to manage him, whereupon Tupac advised him that Puffy would make him a star.[84] Yet in the meantime, Tupac's lifestyle was comparatively lavish, whereas Biggie appeared to continue wearing the same pair of boots for perhaps a year.[84] Tupac welcomed Biggie to join his side group Thug Life.[84] Biggie would instead form his own side group, the Junior M.A.F.I.A., with his Brooklyn friends Lil' Cease and Lil' Kim, on Bad Boy.
Underworld Despite the "weird" timing of Stretch's shooting death,[131] a theory implicates gunman Ronald "Tenad" Washington both here and in the 2002 murder of Run-DMC's Jam Master Jay via, as the unverified theory speculates, Kenneth "Supreme" McGriff punishing the rap mentor for recording 50 Cent despite Supreme's prohibition after this young rapper's 1999 song "Ghetto Qu'ran" had mentioned activities of the Queens drug gang Supreme Team.[132] Supreme was a friend, rather, of Irv Gotti, cofounder of Murder Inc Records,[132] whose rapper Ja Rule would vie among New York rappers after the March 1997 shooting death of Biggie, visiting Los Angeles.
Haitian Jack By some accounts, the role Birdie, played by Shakur in the 1994 film Above the Rim, had been modeled on a New York underworld tough, Jacques "Haitian Jack" Agnant,[133] a manager and promoter of rappers.[134] Reportedly, Shakur met him at a Queens nightclub, where, noticing him amid women and champagne, Shakur asked for an introduction.[84] Reportedly, Biggie advised Tupac to avoid him, but Tupac disregarded the warning.[84]
In November 1993, in his Manhattan hotel room, Shakur received a woman's return visit. Soon, she alleged sexual assault by him and three other men there: his road manager Charles Fuller, aged 24, one Ricardo Brown, aged 30,[135] and a "Nigel," later understood as Haitian Jack.[84] In November 1994, Jack's case was spit off and closed via misdemeanor plea without incarceration.[84] In 2007, for shooting at someone, he would be deported.[136] Yet in November 1994, A. J. Benza, in the New York Daily News, reported Tupac's new disdain for Jack.[84][133]
Jimmy Henchman Through Haitian Jack, Tupac had met James "Jimmy Henchman" Rosemond.[84] Another underworld figure formidable, Jimmy Henchman doubled as music manager.[133] Bryce Wilson's Groove Theory was an early client.[133] The Game as well as Gucci Mane were later clients.[133] In 1994, a client lesser known, and signed to Uptown Records, was rapper Little Shawn, friend of Biggie and Lil' Cease.[133] Eventually, Jack and Henchman would reportedly fall out, allegedly shooting at each other in Miami.[133] And for his major drug trafficking, Henchman would be sent to prison on a life sentence.[133] But in the early 1990s, Jack and Henchman reputedly shared interests, including a specialty of robbing and extorting music artists.[133]
Shootings of Shakur November 1994 On November 29, 1994, while in New York, Tupac was recording verses for a mixtape of Ron G.[133] Tupac was repeatedly distracted by his beeper.[133] It was music manager James "Jimmy Henchman" Rosemond, reportedly offering $7 000 for Tupac to stop by Quad Studios, in Times Square, that very night to record a verse for his client Little Shawn.[84][133] Tupac was leery, but, needing cash to offset steepening legal costs, took the gig. Tupac arrived with Stretch and another or two. In the lobby, three men initiated robbery at gunpoint, whereupon Tupac, resisting, was shot.[137] Shakur speculated that shooting was the main motive.[138][139]
Three hours after surgery, against doctor's advice, Shakur checked out of Bellevue Hospital Center. The next day, in a Manhattan courtroom bandaged in a wheelchair, he received the jury's verdict in his ongoing criminal trial for a November 1993 incident in his hotel room. Convicted of three counts of molestation, he was acquitted of six other charges, including sodomy and gun charges.[140]
In a 1995 interview with Vibe magazine, Shakur accused Sean Combs,[141] Jimmy Henchman,[137] and Biggie, among others, of setting up or being privy to the November 1994 robbery and shooting. Vibe alerted the names of the accused. When Biggie's entourage went downstairs, Shakur was being taken out on a stretcher, giving the finger to onlookers.[143][144]
In March 2008, Chuck Philips, in the Los Angeles Times, reported on an alleged ordered hit on Shakur.[145] The newspaper retracted the article since it relied partially on FBI documents later discovered forged, supplied by a man convicted of fraud.[146] In June 2011, convicted murder Dexter Isaac, incarcerated in Brookyn, issued a confession that he had been one of the gunman who had robbed and shot Shakur at Henchman's order.[147][148][149] Philips then named Isaac as one of his own, retracted article's unnamed sources.[150]
Tupac became convinced that Stretch had likely been somehow privy to the impending hit. Present during its unfolding, Stretch had shown atypical tolerance for and exemption from it, Tupac felt. But Tupac accused James "Jimmy Henchman" Rosemond, rather, of arranging the hit. Further, Tupac was convinced the Bad Boy record label's inner circle, especially its star rapper Christopher "Biggie" Wallace and label's boss Sean "Puffy" Combs, two who had seemed Tupac's friends, had certainly been privy.
Death Row signs Shakur During 1995, imprisoned, impoverished, and his mother about to lose her house, Tupac had his wife Keisha Morris get word to Marion "Suge" Knight, in Los Angeles, boss of Death Row Records.[84] Reportedly, Tupac's mother promptly received $15,000.[84] After an August visit to Clinton Correctional Facility in northern New York state, Suge traveled southward to New York City to join Death Row's entourage to the 2nd Annual Source Awards ceremony.[84] Already reputed for strongarm tactics on the Los Angeles rap scene, Suge used his brief stage time mainly to belittle Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs, boss of Bad Boy Entertainment, the label then leading New York rap scene, who routinely performed with his own artists.[130][151] Before closing with a brief comment of support for Tupac,[152] Suge invited artists seeking the spotlight for themselves to join Death Row.[130][151] Eventually, Puff recalled that to preempt severe retaliation from his Bad Boy orbit, he had promptly confronted Suge, whose reply'--that he had meant Jermaine Dupri, of So So Def Recordings, in Atlanta'--was politic enough to deescalate the conflict.[153]
Still, among the fans, the previously diffuse rivalry between America's only two mainstream rap scenes had instantly flared already.[130][152][151] And while in New York, Suge visited Uptown Records, where Puff, under its founder Andre Harrell, had started in the music business through an internship.[154] Apparently without paying Uptown, Suge obtained the releases of Puff's prime Uptown recruits Jodeci, its producer DeVante Swing, and Mary J. Blige, all then signing Suge's management company.[154] On September 24, 1995, at a party for Dupri in Atlanta at the Platinum House nightclub, a Bad Boy circle entered a heated dispute with Suge and Suge's friend Jai Hassan-Jamal "Big Jake" Robles, a Bloods gang member and Death Row bodyguard.[130][155] According to eyewitnesses, including a Fulton County sheriff, working there as a nightclub bouncer, Puff had heatedly disputed with Suge inside the club,[130] whereas several minutes later, outside the club, it was Puff's childhood friend and own bodyguard, Anthony ''Wolf'' Jones, who had aimed a gun at Big Jake, fatally shot while entering Suge's car.[130][156][157]
The attorneys of Puff and his bodyguard both denied any involvement by their clients, while Puff's added that Puff had not even been with his bodyguard that night.[158] Over 20 years later, the case remains officially unresolved. Yet immediately and persistently, Suge blamed Puff, cementing the enmity between the two bosses, whose two record labels dominated the rap genre's two mainstream centers.[130][159] In the late 1990s, Southern rap's growth into the mainstream would dispel the East''West paradigm.[152] But in the meantime, in October 1995, violating his probation, Suge visited Tupac in prison again.[130] Suge posted $1.4 million bond. And with appeal of his December 1994 conviction pending, Shakur returned to Los Angeles and joined Death Row.[130] On June 4, 1996, it released the 2Pac B side "Hit 'Em Up." In this venonmous tirade, the proclaimed "Bad Boy killer" threatens violent payback on all things Bad Boy'--Biggie, Puffy, Junior M.A.F.I.A., the company'--and on any in New York's rap scene, like rap duo Mobb Deep and obscure rapper Chino XL, who allegedly had commented against Shakur about the dispute.
September 1996 On the night of September 7, 1996, Shakur was in Las Vegas, Nevada, to celebrate his business partner Tracy Danielle Robinson's birthday[160] and attended the Bruce Seldon vs. Mike Tyson boxing match with Suge Knight at the MGM Grand. Afterward, in its lobby, someone in their group spotted Orlando "Baby Lane" Anderson, an alleged Southside Compton Crip, whom the individual accused of having recently, in a shopping mall, tried to snatch his neckchain with Death Row Records medallion. The hotel's surveillance footage shows the ensuing assault on Anderson. Shakur soon stopped by his hotel room and then headed with Knight to his Death Row nightclub, Club 662, in a black BMW 750iL sedan, part of a larger convoy.[161]
At about 11 PM, for its loud music and lack of license plates, bicycle-mounted police stopped the car on Las Vegas Boulevard. The plates were found in the trunk, and the car was released without a ticket.[162] At about 11:15, at a stop light, a white, four-door, late-model Cadillac sedan pulled up to the passenger, and an arriving occupant rapidly fired at Shakur, who was struck four times, once in the arm, once in the thigh, and twice in the chest,[163] one bullet entering his right lung.[164] Shards hit Knight's head. Not in the car, Shakur's bodyguard, Frank Alexander, had been tasked, he would say, to drive the car of Shakur's girlfriend, Kidada Jones.[165]
Shakur was taken to the University Medical Center of Southern Nevada, heavily sedated, put on life support, and later, to prevent involuntary reactions injurious, put under a barbiturate-induced coma.[166] In the intensive-care unit, on the afternoon of September 13, 1996, Shakur died from internal bleeding.[166] He was pronounced dead at 4:03 PM.[166] The official causes of death are respiratory failure and cardiopulmonary arrest associated with multiple gunshot wounds.[166] Shakur's body was cremated the next day. Members of the Outlawz, recalling a line in his song "Black Jesus," although uncertain of the artist's attempt a literal meaning, chose to interpret the request seriously, and, after mixing them with marijuana, smoked some of his body's ashes.[167][168]
In 2011, via the Freedom of Information Act, the FBI documents reveal its investigation of the Jewish Defense League for making death threats against Shakur and other rappers.[169][170] In 2002, investigative journalist Chuck Philips,[171][172] after a year of work, reported in the Los Angeles Times that Anderson, a Southside Compton Crip, having been attacked by Suge and Shakur's entourage at the MGM Hotel after the boxing match, had fired the fatal gunshots, but that Las Vegas police had interviewed him only once, briefly, before his death in an unrelated shooting. Philips's 2002 article also alleges the involvement of Christopher "Biggie Smalls" Wallace and several within New York City's criminal underworld. Both Anderson and Wallace denied involvement, while Wallace offered a confirmed alibi.[173] Music journalist John Leland, in the New York Times, called the evidence "inconclusive."[174]
Legacy and remembrance The online, rap magazine AllHipHop held a 2007 roundtable where, among fellow New York rappers, Cormega, citing tour experience with New York rap duo Mobb Deep, imparted a broad assessment: "Biggie ran New York. 'Pac ran America."[175] In 2010, writing Rolling Stone magazine's entry on Tupac Shakur at #86 among the "100 greatest artists," New York rapper 50 Cent appraised, "Every rapper who grew up in the Nineties owes something to Tupac. He didn't sound like anyone who came before him."[176] Dotdash, formerly About.com, while ranking him fifth among the greatest rappers, nonetheless notes, "Tupac Shakur is the most influential hip-hop artist of all time. Even in death, 2Pac remains a transcendental rap figure."[177] Yet to some, he was a "father figure" who, said rapper YG, "makes you want to be better'--at every level."[178]
According to music journalist Chuck Philips, the dead artist "had helped elevate rap from a crude street fad to a complex art form, setting the stage for the current global hip-hop phenomenon."[179] Philips writes, "The slaying silenced one of modern music's most eloquent voices'--a ghetto poet whose tales of urban alienation captivated young people of all races and backgrounds."[179] Via numerous fans perceiving him, despite the questionable of his conduct, as a martyr, "the downsizing of martyrdom cheapens its use," Michael Eric Dyson concedes.[180] But Dyson adds, "Some, or even most, of that criticism can be conceded without doing damage to Tupac's martyrdom in the eyes of those disappointed by more traditional martyrs."[180] More simply, his writings, published after his death, inspired rapper YG to return to school and get his GED.[178]
Afeni Shakur In 1997, Shakur's mother founded the Shakur Family Foundation. Later renamed the Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation, or TASF, it launched with a stated mission to "provide training and support for students who aspire to enhance their creative talents." The TASF sponsors essay contests, charity events, a performing arts day camp for teenagers, and undergraduate scholarships. In June 2005, the TASF opened the Tupac Amaru Shakur Center for the Arts, or TASCA, in Stone Mountain, Georgia. Afeni also narrates the documentary Tupac: Resurrection, released in November 2003, and nominated for Best Documentary at the 2005 Academy Awards. Meanwhile, with Forbes ranking Tupac Shakur at 10th among top-earning dead celebrities in 2002,[181] Afeni Shakur launched Makaveli Branded Clothing in 2003.
Academic appraisal In late 1997, the University of California, Berkeley, offered the course "History 98: Poetry and History of Tupac Shakur," a course led by a student.[182] Yet in April 2003, Harvard University cosponsored the symposium "All Eyez on Me: Tupac Shakur and the Search for the Modern Folk Hero."[183] The papers presented cover his ranging influence from entertainment to sociology.[183][184] Calling him a "Thug Nigga Intellectual," an "organic intellectual,"[185] English scholar Mark Anthony Neal assessed his death as leaving a "leadership void amongst hip-hop artists,"[186] as this "walking contradiction" helps, Neal explained, "make being an intellectual accessible to ordinary people."[187] Tracing Tupac's mythical status, Murray Forman discussed him as "O.G.," or "Ostensibly Gone," with fans, using digital mediums, "resurrecting Tupac as an ethereal life force."[188] Music scholar Emmett Price, calling him a "black folk hero," traced his persona to black American folklore's tricksters, which, after abolition, evolved into the urban "bad-man." Yet in Tupac's "terrible sense of urgency," Price identified instead a quest to "unify mind, body, and spirit."[189]
Multimedia releases In 2005, Death Row released, on DVD, Tupac: Live at the House of Blues, his final recorded live performance, an event on July 4, 1996. In August 2006, Tupac Shakur Legacy, an "interactive biography" by Jamal Joseph, arrived with previously unpublished family photographs, intimate stories, and over 20 detachable copies of his handwritten song lyrics, contracts, scripts, poetry, and other papers. In 2006, the 2Pac album Pac's Life was released and, like the previous, was among the recording industry's most popular releases.[190] In 2008, his estate made about $15 million.[191]
In 2014, BET explains that "his confounding mixture of ladies' man, thug, revolutionary and poet has forever altered our perception of what a rapper should look like, sound like and act like. In 50 Cent, Ja Rule, Lil Wayne, newcomers like Freddie Gibbs and even his friend-turned-rival Biggie, it's easy to see that Pac is the most copied MC of all time. There are murals bearing his likeness in New York, Brazil, Sierra Leone, Bulgaria and countless other places; he even has statues in Atlanta and Germany. Quite simply, no other rapper has captured the world's attention the way Tupac did and still does."[192]
On April 15, 2012, at the Coachella Music Festival, rappers Snoop Dogg and Dr. Dre joined a 2Pac hologram,[193] and, as a partly virtual trio, performed the 2Pac songs "Hail Mary" and "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted."[194][195] There were talks of a tour,[196] but Dre refused.[197] Meanwhile, the Greatest Hits album, released in 1998, and which in 2000 had left the pop albums chart, the Billboard 200, returned to the chart and reached #129, while also other 2Pac albums and singles drew sales gains.[198] And in early 2015, the Grammy Museum opened an exhibition dedicated to Tupac Shakur.[199]
Film and stage In 2008, the play Holler If Ya Hear Me, based on Tupac lyrics, played on Broadway, but, among Broadway's worst-selling musicals in recent years, ran only six weeks.[200] In development since 2013, a Tupac biopic, All Eyez on Me, began filming in Atlanta in December 2015,[201] and was released on June 16, 2017, in concept Tupac Shakur's 46th birthday,[202] albeit to generally negative reviews. In August 2019, a docuseries directed by Allen Hughes, Outlaw: The Saga of Afeni and Tupac Shakur, was announced.[203]
Awards and honors In 2003, MTV's viewers voted 2Pac the greatest MC.[204] In 2005, on Vibe magazine's online message boards, a user asked others for the ''Top 10 Best of All Time."[205] Vibe staff, then, "sorting out, averaging and spending a lot of energy," found, "Tupac coming in at first".[205] In 2006, MTV staff placed him second.[206] In 2012, The Source magazine ranked him fifth among all-time lyricists.[207] In 2010, Rolling Stone placed him at #86 among the "100 Greatest Artists."[176]
In 2007, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's "Definitive 200" albums'--choices irking some otherwise[208]'--placed All Eyez on Me at #90 and Me Against the World at #170.[209] In 2009, drawing praise, the Vatican added "Changes," a 1998 posthumous track, to its online playlist.[210] On June 23, 2010, the Library of Congress sent "Dear Mama" to the National Recording Registry,[211] the third rap song, after a Grandmaster Flash and a Public Enemy, ever to arrive there.[212]
In 2002, Tupac Shakur was inducted into the Hip-Hop Hall of Fame. Two years later, cable television's music network VH1 held its first ever Hip Hop Honors, where the honorees were, it says, "2Pac, Run-DMC, DJ Hollywood, Kool Herc, KRS-One, Public Enemy, Rock Steady Crew, Sugarhill Gang."[213] On December 30, 2016, in his first year of eligibility, Tupac was nominated,[214] and on the following April 7 was among five inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[215][216]
Discography Studio albums 2Pacalypse Now (1991)Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z... (1993)Me Against the World (1995)All Eyez on Me (1996)Posthumous studio albums The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory (1996) (as Makaveli) R U Still Down? (Remember Me) (1997)Until the End of Time (2001)Better Dayz (2002)Loyal to the Game (2004)Pac's Life (2006)Collaboration albums Thug Life: Volume 1 with Thug Life (1994)Posthumous collaboration albums Still I Rise with Outlawz (1999)Filmography Biographical portrayals in film Documentaries Shakur's life has been explored in several documentaries, each trying to capture the many different events during his short lifetime, most notably the Academy Award-nominated Tupac: Resurrection, released in 2003.
1997: Tupac Shakur: Thug Immortal1997: Tupac Shakur: Words Never Die (TV)2001: Tupac Shakur: Before I Wake...2001: Welcome to Deathrow2002: Tupac Shakur: Thug Angel2002: Biggie & Tupac2002: Tha Westside2003: 2Pac 4 Ever2003: Tupac: Resurrection2004: Tupac vs.2004: Tupac: The Hip Hop Genius (TV)2006: So Many Years, So Many Tears2015: Murder Rap: Inside the Biggie and Tupac Murders2017: Who killed Tupac?2017: Who Shot Biggie & Tupac?2018: Unsolved: Murders of Biggie and Tupac?See also List of best-selling music artistsList of best-selling music artists in the United StatesList of murdered hip hop musiciansList of number-one albums (United States)List of number-one hits (United States)List of awards and nominations received by Tupac ShakurList of artists who reached number one in the United StatesReferences ^ John Lynch (September 13, 2017). "The incredible career rise and tragic murder of Tupac Shakur, who died 21 years ago". Business Insider . Retrieved June 10, 2019 . ^ Connie Bruck (June 29, 1997). "The Takedown of Tupac". The New Yorker . Retrieved November 13, 2019 . ^ Levs, Joshua (September 13, 2006). "Growing Tupac's Legacy, 10 Years After His Death". NPR. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011 . Retrieved June 14, 2011 . ^ "Tupac Shakur In His Own Words" MTV News 1997. MTV News. 1997. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016. [Tupac pronounces his own name at 2:29.] ^ "The 50 Most Influential Rappers of All Time". BET. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ 50 Cent. "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". RollingStone. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ Sisario, Ben (December 20, 2016). "Pearl Jam, Tupac Shakur and Joan Baez Will Join the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame '' NYTimes.com". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 22, 2016 . Retrieved December 20, 2016 . ^ Tupac Shakur '' Thug Angel (The Life of an Outlaw). 2002. ^ Alexander, Leslie M.; Rucker, Walter C., eds. (February 28, 2010). Encyclopedia of African American History. 1. ABC-CLIO. pp. 254''257. ISBN 9781851097692. ^ Edwards, Paul, 2009, How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC, Chicago Review Press, p. 330. ^ Jay-Z: Essays on Hip Hop's Philosopher King, p. 55 ^ List of best-selling albums in the United States ^ Antonio Planas (April 7, 2011). "FBI outlines parallels in Notorious B.I.G., Tupac slayings". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on April 11, 2011 . Retrieved February 19, 2013 . ^ Koch, Ed (October 24, 1997). "Tupac Shakur's Death Certificate Details". numberonestars. Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ "Notorious B.I.G., Tupac Shakur To Be Inducted Into Hip-Hop Hall Of Fame". December 30, 2006. Archived from the original on December 30, 2006 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame taps Tupac, Journey, Pearl Jam". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 . Retrieved December 20, 2016 . ^ "100 Greatest Artists". Rolling Stone. December 3, 2010 . Retrieved June 11, 2019 . ^ Scott, Cathy (October 2, 1996). "22-year-old arrested in Tupac Shakur killing". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada: Greenspun Media Group. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013 . Retrieved September 13, 2013 . ^ "Tupac Coroner's Report". Cathy Scott. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011 . Retrieved July 24, 2007 . ^ Bass, Debra D. (September 4, 1997). "Book chronicling Shakur murder set to hit stores". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada: Greenspun Media Group. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014 . Retrieved September 13, 2013 . ^ Walker, Charles F. (February 26, 2014). "Tupac Shakur and Tupac Amaru". Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. ^ "Colonial and Neocolonial Latin America (1750''1900)" (PDF) . Archived (PDF) from the original on July 5, 2010 . Retrieved October 14, 2010 . ^ "Tupac Shakur and Tupac Amaru - Chuck Walker". February 26, 2014 . Retrieved June 30, 2019 . ^ "Exclusive: Mopreme Shakur Talks Tupac; Rapper's B-Day Celebrated". Allhiphop.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2010 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ "Rare Interview With Tupac's Biological Father". Power 107.5. December 30, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2016. ^ Scott, Cathy (2002). The Killing of Tupac Shakur. Las Vegas, Nevada: Huntington Press. ISBN 978-0929712208. ^ "Afeni Shakur" (PDF) . 2Pac Legacy. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008 . Retrieved April 23, 2008 . ^ a b Sullivan, Randall (January 3, 2003). Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implication of Death Row Records' Suge Knight, and the Origins of the Los Angeles Police Scandal. New York City: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3971-X. ^ Lewis, John (September 2016). "Tupac Was Here". Baltimore Magazine . Retrieved November 21, 2019 . ^ King, Jamilah (November 15, 2012). "Art and Activism in Charm City: Five Baltimore Collectives That Are Facing Race". Colorlines. ARC. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013 . Retrieved April 11, 2013 . ^ Case, Wesley (March 31, 2017). "Tupac Shakur in Baltimore: Friends, teachers remember the birth of an artist". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on September 1, 2019. ^ Philips, Chuck (October 25, 1995). "Tupac Shakur: 'I am not a gangster ' ". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. ^ Golus, Carrie (December 28, 2006). Tupac Shakur. ISBN 9780822566090 . Retrieved March 29, 2012 . ^ Tupac's poem "Jada" appears in his book The Rose That Grew from Concrete, which also includes a poem dedicated to her, "The Tears in Cupid's Eyes". ^ Wallace, Irving (2008). The intimate sex lives of famous people (Rev. ed.). Port Townsend, Washington: Feral House. ISBN 978-1932595291. OCLC 646836355. ^ Monjauze, Molly (2008). Tupac remembered . San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California. ISBN 9781932855760. OCLC 181069620. ^ "Happy birthday to our brother and comrade, #TupacShakur! This is his Young Communist League membership card from when he lived in Baltimore, Maryland. #RestInPower #SolidarityForever". Twitter. Communist Party USA. June 17, 2019. ^ Farrar, Jordan (May 13, 2011). "Baltimore students protest cuts". Peoples World. Chicago, Illinois: Long View Publishing Co. Archived from the original on August 18, 2012 . Retrieved April 27, 2012 . ^ Billet, Alexander (October 15, 2011). " ' And Still I See No Changes': Tupac's legacy 15 years on". greenleft.org. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012 . Retrieved April 27, 2012 . ^ a b c d e f Preezy Brown, "How '2Pacalypse Now' marked the birth of a rap revolutionary", Vibe.com, Prometheus Global Media, LLC, 12 Nov 2016. ^ "Back 2 the Essence: Friends and Families Reminisce over Hip-hop's Fallen Sons". Vibe. New York City. 7 (8): 100''116 [103]. October 1999 . Retrieved September 3, 2009 . CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) ^ Marriott, Michel; Brooke, James; LeDuff, Charlie; Lorch, Donatella (September 16, 1996). "Shots Silence Angry Voice Sharpened by the Streets". The New York Times. pp. A''1. Archived from the original on August 25, 2009 . Retrieved August 21, 2009 . ^ In an English class, Tupac wrote the paper "Conquering All Obstacles", which says, in part, "our raps, not the sorry story raps everyone is so tired of. They are about what happens in the real world. Our goal is, have people relate to our raps, making it easier to see what really is happening out there. Even more important, what we may do to better our world" [Cliff Mills, Tupac (New York: Checkmark, 2007)]. ^ Meara, Paul (November 4, 2015). "That Time Tupac Visited Mike Tyson in Prison". BET. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. ^ Grow, Kory (June 23, 2014). "Read Tupac Shakur's Heartfelt Letter to Public Enemy's Chuck D". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. ^ Smithfield, Brad (February 4, 2017). "Jim Carrey wrote humorous letters to Tupac to cheer him up while in prison". Vintage News . Retrieved February 4, 2017 . ^ "2Pac - KMEL 1996 Full Interview with Sway" . Retrieved August 7, 2019 . ^ "What Happened (Interview by Sway)". genius.com . Retrieved August 7, 2019 . ^ "Tupac's Ex-Wife Does Interview". Tupac-online.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2010 . Retrieved July 24, 2010 . ^ "Love is Not Enough: 2Pac's Ex-Wife, Keisha Morris". XXL. New York City: Townsquare Media. September 15, 2011. ^ Williams, Kam (March 12, 2009). "Rashida Jones: The I Love You, Man Interview". LA Sentinel. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013 . Retrieved October 6, 2018 . ^ Freeman, Hadley (February 14, 2014). "Rashida Jones: 'There's more than one way to be a woman and be sexy ' ". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. ^ Anson, Robert Sam (March 1997). "To Die Like A Gangsta". Vanity Fair . Retrieved June 15, 2018 . ^ Songs like Ghetto Gospel" and "Only God Can Judge Me" and poems such as "The Rose That Grew from Concrete" suggested belief in a god. ^ Josh Nisker (2007). "Only God Can Judge Me and lyrical Subversion" (PDF) . The Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture. 14 (2). Archived (PDF) from the original on June 1, 2012 . Retrieved October 14, 2010 . ^ "Inside the Mind of Shakur". Streetgangs. Vibeonline. June 1996. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . I believe that everything you do bad comes back to you ... I think heaven is just when you sleep, you sleep with a good conscience '' you don't have nightmares. Hell is when you sleep, the last thing you see is all the f** ked up things you did in your life and you just see it over and over again ... So that's wrong religion [unreliable source? ] ^ The album is subtitled Volume 1 since Thug Life's roster had been intended to grow and evolve over time. ^ The 2008 fire sustained by University Music Group lost, among archives of hundreds of other artists, some of Tupac's [Jody Rosen, "Here are hundreds more artists whose tapes were destroyed in the UMG fire", New York Times, 25 Jun 2019]. ^ "Leila Steinberg". Assemblies in Motion. Archived from the original on February 13, 2008 . Retrieved January 25, 2009 . ^ Sandy, Candace; Daniels, Dawn Marie (December 8, 2010). How Long Will They Mourn Me?: The Life and Legacy of Tupac Shakur. Random House Publishing Group. p. 15. ISBN 9780307757449. ^ "MTV '' They Told Us". Archived from the original on April 23, 2006 . Retrieved April 26, 2011 . ^ Vaught, Seneca (Spring 2014). "Tupac's Law: Incarceration, T.H.U.G.L.I.F.E., and the Crisis of Black Masculinity". Spectrum: A Journal on Black Men. 2 (2): 93''94. Archived from the original on March 6, 2017 . Retrieved June 28, 2016 . ^ Philips, Chuck (October 25, 1995). "I am not a gangsta". LA Times. Archived from the original on October 27, 2013 . Retrieved October 30, 2013 . ^ Philips, Chuck (September 13, 2012). "Tupac 1995 recorded interview". The Chuck Philips Post. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013 . Retrieved October 30, 2013 . ^ Sami, Yenigun (July 19, 2013). "20 Years Ago, Tupac Broke Through". National Public Radio.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013 . Retrieved October 30, 2013 . ^ Brown, Preezy (November 12, 2016). "How '2Pacalypse Now' Marked The Birth Of A Rap Revolutionary". Vibe. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries . Retrieved March 22, 2018 . ^ "Remebering Tupac: His Musical Legacy and His Top Selling Albums". Atlantapost.com. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011 . Retrieved March 10, 2012 . ^ Thug Life: Vol. 1 (CD). 1994. ^ "2Pac '' Out On Bail (live 1994)". YouTube. January 8, 2007. Archived from the original on February 26, 2013 . Retrieved March 12, 2012 . [unreliable source? ] ^ "Timeline: 25 Years of Rap Records". BBC News. October 11, 2004. Archived from the original on March 30, 2009 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Dear Mama (US Single #1) at AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 20, 2010 . Retrieved March 20, 2009 . ^ a b c "All Eyez On Me". AllMusic . Retrieved May 24, 2009 . ^ "RIAA '' Gold & Platinum '' May 13, 2009 : Search Results '' 2 Pac". RIAA. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015 . Retrieved May 14, 2009 . ^ "So Many Tears (EP) at AllMusic". AllMusic . Retrieved March 22, 2009 . ^ "Temptations (CD/Cassette Single) at AllMusic". AllMusic . Retrieved March 22, 2009 . ^ Appleford, Steve (April 1, 1996). "It's a Soul Train Awards Joy Ride for TLC, D'Angelo". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014 . Retrieved October 26, 2014 . ^ "Tupac Month: 2Pac's Discography". Archived from the original on October 13, 2013 . Retrieved May 27, 2013 . ^ "Tupac Shakur Says He "Wrote Only One Song In Jail" In Post-Prison Interview From 1995". hiphopdx.com. August 13, 2014. Archived from the original on May 5, 2016. ^ Au, Wagner James (December 11, 1996). "Yo, Niccolo!". Salon. San Francisco, California: Salon Media Group Inc. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Ben Westhoff, "How Tupac and Biggie went from friends to deadly rivals", Vice.com, 12 Sep 2016. ^ For some backstory, see Nina Bhadreshwar's apparently selfpublished How to Survive Puberty at 25 (Central Milton Keynes, UK: AuthorHouse, 2008), p 242. N.b., this Death Row Uncut magazine is apparently unrelated to the video recording, also titled Death Row Uncut, that Death Row Records would release [Jenson Karp, Kanye West Owes Me $300: And Other True Stories from a White Rapper Who Almost Made It Big (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2017), pp 110''111]. ^ Rebbeca Pocklington, "Tupac Shakur wrote about starting a 'new chapter' in handwritten letter from jail, now selling for $225,000", Mirror.co.uk, Daily Mirror (London, UK), Trinity Mirror, 5 Oct 2015, archived elsewhere 30 Apr 2016. ^ Cummings, Moriba (May 8, 2016). "Tupac Talks Quad Studios Shooting in Kevin Powell Interview". BET. Washington, DC: Viacom. Archived from the original on May 8, 2016 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ XXLMagazine October 2004, Page 104 ^ All Eyez on Me AMG review ^ "All Eyez on Me". AllMusic . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ "All Eyez on Me '' 2Pac". AllMusic. February 13, 1996 . Retrieved December 10, 2011 . ^ Phillips, Chuck (July 31, 2003). "As Associates Fall, Is 'Suge' Knight Next?". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015. ^ "Maxwell, Tupac Top Soul Train Awards". E! Online. March 7, 1997. Archived from the original on June 6, 2012 . Retrieved December 10, 2011 . ^ "24th American Music Awards". Rock On The Net. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014 . Retrieved October 26, 2014 . ^ "RIAA '' Gold & Platinum". Riaa.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "RIAA '' Gold & Platinum Searchable Database '' March 09, 2015". riaa.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013 . Retrieved March 9, 2015 . ^ "Music News, Interviews, Pics, and Gossip: Yahoo! Music". Ca.music.yahoo.com. April 20, 2011. Archived from the original on March 27, 2012 . Retrieved February 14, 2012 . ^ XXL Magazine, October 2003 issue ^ "The Greatest Hip-Hop Albums Of All Time". MTV.com. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005 . Retrieved February 14, 2012 . ^ "The Greatest MCs Of All Time". MTV.com. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on April 13, 2006 . Retrieved February 14, 2012 . ^ XXL Magazine, October 2006 issue ^ "Tupac The Workaholic. (MYCOMEUP.COM)". YouTube. February 11, 2010. Archived from the original on February 26, 2013 . Retrieved November 24, 2012 . [unreliable source? ] ^ The Don Killuminati chart peaks on AllMusic. ^ "All Eyes on Shakur's 'Don Killuminati ' ". Articles.latimes.com. October 23, 1997. Archived from the original on September 15, 2011 . Retrieved February 14, 2012 . ^ "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013 . Retrieved February 14, 2012 . ^ "2Pac biography". Alleyezonme.com. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Gridlock'd". Entertainment Weekly. January 31, 1997. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ "Gang Related". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on September 4, 2010 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ Guidry, Ken (May 31, 2013). " ' Menace II Society' Directors Explain Why Tupac Shakur Got The Boot From Their Gangsta Drama Classic". indiewire.com. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. ^ Markman, Rob (May 30, 2013). "Tupac Would Have 'Outshined' 'Menace II Society,' Director Admits". MTV. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. ^ Greg Tate (June 26, 2001). "Sex & Negrocity by Greg Tate". Villagevoice.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2005 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "FILM". rapbasement.com. April 10, 2008. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ Pareles, Jon (September 14, 1996). "Tupac Shakur, 25, Rap Performer Who Personified Violence, Dies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009 . Retrieved May 26, 2010 . ^ "Marin slaying case against rapper opens". San Francisco Chronicle. November 3, 1995. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. ^ "Settlement in Rapper's Trial for Boy's Death". San Francisco Chronicle. November 8, 1995. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. ^ Smothers, R., "Rapper Charged in Shootings of Off-Duty Officers" Archived February 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. New York Times. November 2, 1993. Retrieved from on September 30, 2008. ^ "Shakur's Estate Hit With Default Claim Over Shooting". Mtv.com. July 20, 1998. Archived from the original on March 14, 2010 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Rapper Tupac Shakur to face assault charge". Ocala Star-Banner. September 9, 1994 . Retrieved August 27, 2013 . ^ "Rapper sentenced for assault". The Argus. November 1, 1994 . Retrieved August 27, 2013 . ^ Randall Sullivan, Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G... page 80 ^ "Tupac Shakur Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013 . Retrieved August 27, 2013 . ^ Gonzalez, Victor (May 10, 2012). "TUPAC'S TEMPER: FIVE GREATEST FREAKOUTS, FROM MTV TO JAIL TIME". Miami New Times. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. ^ TBTEntGroup on (March 7, 2012). "Tupac Shakur interview with "The Arsenio Hall Show" in 1994 [VIDEO]". Hip-hopvibe.com. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013 . Retrieved September 13, 2013 . ^ James, George (February 8, 1995). "Rapper Faces Prison Term For Sex Abuse". The New York Times. p. B1. Archived from the original on April 5, 2014 . Retrieved March 12, 2014 . ^ Olan, Helaine (February 8, 1995). "Rapper Shakur Gets Prison for Assault". Los Angeles Times. p. A4. ^ Phillips, Chuck (October 25, 1995). "Tupac Shakur: 'I am not a gangsta ' ". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016 . Retrieved February 11, 2016 . ^ Pareles, Jon (September 14, 1996). "Tupac Shakur, 25, Rap Performer Who Personified Violence, Dies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011 . Retrieved November 23, 2011 . ^ "Rapper Is Sentenced to 120 Days in Jail". The New York Times. April 15, 1996. ^ "Jail Term Put On Hold For Rapper Tupac Shakur". MTV. June 8, 1996 . Retrieved April 8, 2020 . ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Derrick Parker with Matt Diehl, Notorious C.O.P.: The Inside Story of the Tupac, Biggie, and Jam Master Jay Investigations from the NYPD's First "Hip-Hop Cop" (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2007), pp 113''116. ^ a b c d e Charisse Jones, "Rapper slain after chase In Queens", New York Times, 1 Dec 1995, sec B, p 3. ^ a b Melissa Ursula Dawn Goldsmith, "Jam Master Jay", in M. Goldsmith & Anthony J. Fonseca, eds., Hip Hop around the World: An Encyclopedia (Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2019), p 364. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Jason Rodriguez, "Pit of snakes", XXL magazine, Sep 2011. ^ Lesley Goldberg, "Haitian Jack hip-hop miniseries in the works (exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter, 23 Jan 2017. ^ Craig Wolff, "Rap performer is charged In Midtown sex attack", New York Times, 20 Nov 1993, § 1, p 25. ^ David Metzler, director, Soledad O'Brien & Ice-T, interviewers, "Haitian Jack", interviewee, Who Shot Biggie & Tupac? (USA: Critical Content, 2017), premiered on television 24 Sep 2017, Fox Broadasting Company. ^ a b Samaha, Albert (October 28, 2013). "James Rosemond, Hip-Hop Manager Tied to Tupac Shooting, Gets Life Sentence for Drug Trafficking". Village Voice. New York City. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013 . Retrieved November 25, 2013 . ^ Philips, Chuck. "Tupac Interview 1995 recording". Chuck Philips Post. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013 . Retrieved September 20, 2013 . ^ "Rap Artist Tupac Shakur Shot in Robbery". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. November 30, 1994. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. ^ "Today In Entertainment History February 6". Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. ^ Stewart, Alison (March 18, 2008). "What Did Sean 'Puffy' Combs Know?". Npr.org. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Press photograph". I.imgur.com. Archived from the original on March 1, 2015 . Retrieved April 24, 2014 . ^ "INFO AND PICS ON TUPAC'S 1994 NEW YORK SHOOTING". NotoriousBIG.co.uk. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012 . Retrieved November 24, 2012 . ^ Philips, Chuck (June 12, 2012). "James "Jimmy Henchman" Rosemond Implicated Himself in 1994 Tupac Shakur Attack: Court Testimony". Village Voice. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012 . Retrieved June 24, 2012 . ^ "Times retracts Shakur story". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. April 7, 2008. ^ Evans, Jennifer (June 21, 2001). "Hip hop talent agent arrested charged with operating drug ring". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012 . Retrieved May 29, 2012 . ^ KTLA News (July 13, 2012). "Convicted Killer Confesses to Shooting West Coast Rapper Tupac Shakur". The Courant. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011 . Retrieved September 14, 2013 . ^ Watkins, Greg (June 15, 2011). "Exclusive: Jimmy Henchman Associate Admits to Role in Robbery/Shooting of Tupac; Apologizes To Pac & B.I.G.'s Mothers". Allhiphop.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2012 . Retrieved June 5, 2012 . ^ "Chuck Philips demands apology on Tupac Shakur". LA Weekly. Archived from the original on June 6, 2012 . Retrieved May 29, 2012 . ^ a b c Erika Ramirez, "Throwback Thursday: Suge Knight Disses Diddy at 1995 Source Awards", Billboard.com, 4 Dec 2014. ^ a b c Nadirah Simmons, "Today in 1995: The 2nd Annual Source Awards makes hip hop history", The Source, 3 Aug 2016. ^ Peter A. Barry, "Diddy claims he confronted Suge Knight after infamous 1995 Source Awards speech", XXL, 30 Nov 2016. ^ a b Randall Sullivan, LAbyrinth: The True Story of City of Lies, the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G. and the Implication of the Los Angeles Police Department (New York: Grove Press, 2018), noting Newsweek report. ^ Egbert, Bill (February 27, 2001). "Hip Hype & Rival Rap, by Bill Egbert". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on July 4, 2010 . Retrieved July 24, 2010 . ^ Chuck Philips, "Possible link of 'Puffy' Combs to fatal shooting being probed", Los Angeles Times, 17 Jan 2001. ^ Peter Noel, "Big bad Wolf", The Village Voice, 13 Feb 2001. ^ Andew Dansby, "Report infuriates Puffy camp", RollingStone.com, 18 Jan 2001, Penske Business Media, LLC. ^ During the 1995 Source Awards, the rap genre's bicoastal paradigm was still so entrenched that when rap duo Outkast, from Atlanta, won as best new group, the audience booed, setting up Outkast member Andre's momentous response, ultimately, "The South got something to say" [N Simmons, "Today in 1995: The 2nd Annual", The Source, 3 Aug 2016]. ^ Miller, Matt; Rahimi, Gobi M. (September 6, 2016). "I Spent Six Days Protecting Tupac on His Deathbed". Esquire. New York City: Hearst Magazines. ^ "September 1996 Shooting and Death". madeira.hccanet.org. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ "Tupac Shakur LV Shooting ''". Thugz-network.com. September 7, 1996. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Rapper Tupac Shakur Gunned Down". MTV News. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. ^ Detailed information on the fatal shooting Archived January 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 13, 2007 . Retrieved October 11, 2007 . CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) ^ "Tupac Shakur: Before I Wake". film.com. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ a b c d Koch, Ed (October 24, 1997). "Tupac Shakur's Death Certificate Details". numberonestars. Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ "Tupac's life after death". Smh.com.au. September 13, 2006. Archived from the original on December 25, 2011 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ O'Neal, Sean (August 30, 2011). "Yes, the Outlawz smoked Tupac's ashes". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017 . Retrieved January 22, 2020 . ^ "Unsealed FBI Report on Tupac Shakur". Vault.fbi.gov. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015 . Retrieved February 15, 2015 . ^ Service, Haaretz (April 14, 2011). "FBI files on Tupac Shakur murder show he received death threats from Jewish gang". Haaretz.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015 . Retrieved February 15, 2015 . ^ Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012 . Retrieved July 15, 2012 . ^ Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "Who killed Tupac Shakur?:Part 2". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. ^ "Notorious B.I.G.'s Family 'Outraged' By Tupac Article". Streetgangs.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2003 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . [unreliable source? ] ^ Leland, John (October 7, 2002). "New Theories Stir Speculation On Rap Deaths". New York Times. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013 . Retrieved September 29, 2013 . ^ Chris "Milan" Thomas, editor, with Erik Gilroy, reporter, and AllHipHop interviewers, "Tupak Shakur: A roundtable discussion", featuring Pudgee that Phat Bastard, Buckshot, Chino XL, Adisa Bankjoko, Cormega, and DJ Fatal, AllHipHop.com, 5 Mar 2007: "Cormega: A lot of people think that it was about Biggie on the East Coast and 'Pac on the West Coast. It wasn't like that. Big ran New York. 'Pac ran America. I was in a club with Mobb Deep in North Carolina and n***as in the crowd were shouting ''Makaveli!'' This is on the East Coast! That shows you how powerful his influence was" archived 7 Jan 2012]. ^ a b 50 Cent, "86: Tupac Shakur", in Rolling Stone, editors, "100 greatest artists: The Beatles, Eminem and more of the best of the best", RollingStone.com, Penske Business Media, LLC, 3 Dec 2010, archived 23 May 2012. ^ Henry Adaso, "The 50 greatest rappers of all time: They've shown originality, longevity, cultural impact, vocal presence", LiveAbout.com, Dotdash, updated 13 Dec 2018, formerly Henry Adaso, "50 greatest MCs of our time (1987''2007)", Rap.About.com, 11 Mar 2011, archived 9 Mar 2012, when Tupac Shakur placed 7th. ^ a b Crates, Jake (February 3, 2015). "YG Says Tupac Has Inspired His Return To School; Calls Pac A Father Figure For Many (AUDIO)". AllHipHop.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. ^ a b Chuck Philips, "Who killed Tupac Shakur?"'--part 1 of 2, Los Angeles Times, 30 Jan 2015, archived 12 Mar 2016. ^ a b Michael Eric Dyson, Holler If You Hear Me: Searching for Tupac Shakur (New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2001 / Basic Books, 2003), p 264. ^ Edited by Betsy Schiffman, 08.12.02, 12:00 pm ET (August 12, 2002). "Top-Earning Dead Celebrities". Forbes. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010 . Retrieved July 24, 2010 . CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) ^ Kaufman, Gil (September 10, 1997). "Berkeley University Offers Class On Tupac". VH1. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ a b Gewertz, K. "Symposium analyzes, celebrates 'Thug'". Harvard University Gazette. April 24, 2003. Retrieved from news.harvard.edu/ Archived February 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on April 16, 2006. ^ Harvard News Office (April 24, 2003). "Harvard Gazette: Symposium analyzes, celebrates 'thug ' ". News.harvard.edu. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ Neal, M. "Thug Nigga Intellectual: Tupac as Celebrity Gramscian". Harvard University. 2003. ^ Mark Anthony Neal (September 6, 2005). "NewBlackMan: Race-ing Katrina". Newblackman.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Deeper Than Hip-Hop Tupac (2Pac) Poetry Enlightens". ThugLifeArmy.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011 . Retrieved July 28, 2010 . ^ Forman, M. "Tupac Shakur: O.G. (Ostensibly Gone)". Harvard University. 2003. ^ Price, E. "From Thug Life to Legend: Realization of a Black Folk Hero". Harvard University. 2003. ^ Business Wire (February 6, 2007). "Top Musical Artists for 2006". Home.businesswire.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2012 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "Hip-Hop's Cash Kings 2008". Forbes. August 15, 2008. Archived from the original on July 24, 2010 . Retrieved July 24, 2010 . ^ "The 50 Most Influential Rappers of All Time". BET. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014 . Retrieved December 31, 2016 . ^ The optical illusion was accomplished with technology called Pepper's ghost [Cyrus Farivar, "Tupac "hologram" merely pretty cool optical illusion", Arstechnica.com, 16 Apr 2012. Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine], employed by the company Digital Domain, specializing in visual effects [Kara Warner, "Tupac hologram may be coming to an arena near you", MTV News, MTV.com, 16 Apr 2012, archived elsewhere]. ^ Kara Warner (April 16, 2012). "Tupac Hologram May Be Coming To An Arena Near You". MTV News. Archived from the original on April 20, 2012 . Retrieved April 16, 2012 . ^ TJ (April 16, 2012). "Video: Tupac (As A Hologram) Joins Snoop Dogg And Dr. Dre On Stage At 2012 Coachella". Neon Limelight. Archived from the original on April 18, 2012 . Retrieved April 16, 2012 . ^ Ethan Smith (April 16, 2012). "Rapper's De-Light: Tupac 'Hologram' May Go on Tour". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012 . Retrieved April 17, 2012 . ^ Tupac Shakur Hologram Tour Denied By Dr. Dre | Music News, Reviews, and Gossip on Archived April 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Idolator.com (April 23, 2012). Retrieved April 27, 2012. ^ Greatest Hits sold 4 000 copies in the week, up 571% above the prior week. All Eyez On Me did 2 000 units, up 95%, and Me Against the World, 1 000 copies, up 53%. The single "Hail Mary," which opened at Coachella, was second, behind his #1 Billboard Hot 100 hit "California Love" (featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman), shifting 11,000 downloads (119% increase). His third best-seller was the second Shakur song that was performed at Coachella'--"2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" (with Snoop Dogg). It sold 9,000 (up 881%). See "Tupac's virtual Coachella appearance spurs huge sales bump", Billboard.com, archived elsewhere 21 Jan 2015. ^ "Tupac Exhibit Opens Next Month". Boom 92. January 22, 2015. Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. ^ "Broadway Musical Based On Tupac's Life Closing This Week Due To Slow Sales '' MTV". MTV News. Archived from the original on December 9, 2014 . Retrieved March 9, 2015 . ^ "The Production For Tupac's Biopic 'All Eyez On Me' Has Finally Begun". Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. ^ "Tupac's Highly-Anticipated Biopic Receives Official Release Date". November 22, 2016 . Retrieved May 24, 2017 . ^ White, Peter (August 6, 2019). "FX Ramps Up Non-Fiction Slate With Docuseries On Tupac Shakur, LGBTQ Rights & Zodiac Killer '' TCA". deadline.com . Retrieved August 7, 2019 . ^ MTV2 Presents: 22 Greatest MC's broadcast July 2003. ^ a b Shelby Stone, "V community: Greatest rapper of all time?", Vibe.com, 22 Jul 2005, archived 25 Jul 2005. ^ "The Greatest MCs of All Time". Mtv.com. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on April 13, 2006 . Retrieved January 7, 2012 . ^ "The Source: Top 50 Lyricists [Magazine Scans]". Genius. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. ^ Todd Leopold, "A really infuriating top 200 list", CNN.com, Cable News Network, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., 7 Mar 2007. ^ National Association of Recording Merchandisers, "Definitive 200", RockHall.com,The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc., 2007, archived 10 Apr 2007. ^ Edward Beck, C.P., "Vatican gets good rap: Tupac Shakur makes the Vatican's MySpace music playlist", ABC News website, 7 Dec 2009. ^ Ann Donahue, "Tupac, Willie Nelson, R.E.M. among inductees to National Recording Registry", Billboard.com, 23 Jun 2010, archived elsewhere on 29 Jun 2013. ^ "Tupac Shakur Honored By Library of Congress". CBS News. June 23, 2010. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010 . Retrieved June 23, 2010 . ^ "HipHop Honors: About the show: Tuesday, October 12, 2004", VH1.com, Viacom International Inc., visited 19 May 2020: "VH1's first ever Hip Hop Honors was hosted by Vivica A. Fox and MC Lyte at the Hammerstein Ballroom in NYC. 2Pac, Run-DMC, DJ Hollywood, Kool Herc, KRS-One, Public Enemy, Rock Steady Crew, Sugarhill Gang and The Graffiti Movement were honored. Tributes were performed by Beastie Boys, Common, Fat Joe and Terror Squad, Nas, MC Hammer, Kid Rock and more. Tracy Morgan, Ice-T, Taye Diggs, P. Diddy, Wyclef Jean, Foxy Brown, Debbie Harry and Roselyn Sanchez presented". ^ Gotrich, Lars (October 18, 2016). "Pearl Jam, Bad Brains, Joan Baez, Depeche Mode, and Tupac Shakur nominated for induction into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". NPR. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016 . Retrieved October 18, 2016 . ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame taps Tupac, Journey, Pearl Jam". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 . Retrieved December 20, 2016 . ^ Peter Helman (April 8, 2017). "Watch Snoop Dogg Induct Tupac Into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". Spin Magazine. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. ^ Bansky (June 19, 2015). "This Is The Guy Who's Playing Tupac In The N.W.A. Movie". Uproxx.com. Archived from the original on June 19, 2015 . Retrieved June 20, 2015 . ^ "Tupac Biopic Taps Newcomer Demetrius Shipp, Jr. For Lead Role". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 27, 2015. ^ "Tupac Shakur Biopic 'All Eyez on Me' Casts a Lead". The New York Times. December 25, 2015. Archived from the original on December 28, 2015. Further reading Bastfield, Darrin Keith (2002). Back in the Day: My Life and Times with Tupac Shakur. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-345-44775-3. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Hoye, Jacob (2006). Tupac: Resurrection. Atria. ISBN 0-7434-7435-X. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) External links Official website Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation for the Arts"Expressing Myself, Silencing the Demons", interview with Chuck PhilipsTupac Shakur on IMDbTupac Shakur at Find a GraveFBI Records: The Vault '' Tupac Shakur at FBI.govPerformersJoan BaezElectric Light OrchestraBev Bevan, Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, Roy WoodJourneyJonathan Cain, Aynsley Dunbar, Steve Perry, Gregg Rolie, Neal Schon, Steve Smith, Ross ValoryPearl JamJeff Ament, Matt Cameron, Stone Gossard, Dave Krusen, Mike McCready, Eddie VedderTupac ShakurYesJon Anderson, Bill Bruford, Steve Howe, Tony Kaye, Trevor Rabin, Chris Squire, Rick Wakeman, Alan WhiteAward for Musical Excellence
BLM Inc
Community Control Over Police Surveillance | American Civil Liberties Union
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 07:56
The increasing use of surveillance technologies by local police across America, especially against communities of color and other unjustly targeted groups, has been creating oppressive and stigmatizing environments in which every community member is treated like a prospective criminal. Many communities of color and of low income have been turned into virtual prisons where residents' public behavior is monitored and scrutinized 24 hours a day. And in most cities, decisions to acquire and use surveillance technologies are made by police departments without any knowledge or input from the public or their elected officials. This secretive process has been condemned by groups across the political spectrum as antithetical to good government transparency and accountability principles.
It was against this backdrop that the Community Control Over Police Surveillance (CCOPS) effort was launched on September 21, 2016. The effort's principal objective is to pass CCOPS laws that ensure residents, through local city councils are empowered to decide if and how surveillance technologies are used, through a process that maximizes the public's influence over those decisions.
The CCOPS effort gained additional urgency on November 8, 2016 when Donald Trump was elected president on a platform that included identifying and deporting millions of undocumented immigrants, tracking Muslims, and even more aggressively policing communities of color. To effectuate these policies, especially with respect to pursing undocumented persons in ''sanctuary cities,'' we knew Trump would need local police to provide access to their surveillance technologies. Passing CCOPS laws would empower city councils to say ''no'' to secret surveillance sharing agreements between the feds and local police.
Since then, enthusiasm for the CCOPS has spread across the nation. CCOPS laws have already been secured in more than a dozen jurisdictions and local CCOPS efforts have sprouted up in more than thirty cities, ranging in size from a few thousand residents to more than 8 million. Maine and California have sponsored statewide CCOPS legislation, and other states may soon join them.
On August 28, 2017, our CCOPS efforts were implicated when Trump signed an executive order allowing for the greater transfer of U.S. military equipment to local police departments. Now, just as with surveillance technologies, local police forces were being empowered to acquire military equipment without any public knowledge or consent. To address this duel threat to civil rights and civil liberties, a sister effort called Community Control Over Police Surveillance + Militarization (CCOPS+M) was established. Now, for cities looking to apply CCOPS transparency and public empowerment principles to efforts by local police to acquire military equipment, a broader CCOPS+M model bill is available.
If you are concerned about your local police acquiring and using secret surveillance technologies or military equipment, it is time to demand your elected representatives adopt a CCOPS or CCOPS+M law today!
Meerdere arrestaties bij rellen in Hoorn | Binnenland | Telegraaf.nl
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 07:50
Zij zitten vast wegens opruiing en openlijke geweldpleging en verblijven op het politiebureau in de stad.
Het begon kalm, om 18 uur. Voorstanders van het standbeeld van J.P. Coen meldden zich op de Noorderveemarkt. Zij rondden rond 19 uur hun demonstratie af. Deze verliep rustig, er kwamen maar zo'n 20 mensen op af. In de bijeenkomst werden drie Nederlandse vlaggen met teksten daarop opgehangen.
De initiatiefnemer van de demonstratie 'Coen is OK', Hendrik Op, noemde de opkomst 'žteleurstellend.'' 'žDit waren er wel heel weinig'', zei hij.
''¸ ANP
TegenstandersDe tegenstanders van het standbeeld arriveerden om 19 uur op het Pelmolenpad. Daar werden door zo'n 200 man leuzen gescandeerd als 'Weg met J.P. Coen' en 'Black Lives Matter'. Ook hielden ze een minuut stilte voor slachtoffers van de slavernij.
''¸ ANP
Na de betoging probeerde een grote groep demonstranten bij het standbeeld van Coen te komen, wat door de gemeente vooraf was verboden. Rond half negen begon de sfeer grimmig te worden, zo zag onze verslaggever. De politie werd aangevallen met blikken bier. 'žEr wordt met stoelen gegooid. Demonstranten trappen en slaan, waaronder naar de pers.''
Onze Telegraaf-verslaggever Vincent Triest werd belaagd. 'žVoor de duidelijkheid. Met mij gaat het goed. Ik ben meerdere keren in mijn maag gestompt. Ook probeerde iemand mijn telefoon te stelen. Dat gebeurde kort nadat relschoppers de politie met stenen en stoelen bekogelden. Een politieteam in burger greep gelukkig in.'' De Telegraaf bereidt een aangifte voor.
Volgens agenten hadden de demonstranten messen en stokken bij zich. De ME werd opgeroepen om te ondersteunen.
De politie heeft mensen gesommeerd het centrum te verlaten. Volgens de politie is hiertoe een noodverordening afgegeven door de gemeente. Er zijn acht mensen aangehouden. Zij zitten vast wegens opruiing en openlijke geweldpleging en verblijven op het politiebureau in de stad.
Standbeeld omsingeldHet standbeeld van Jan Pieterszoon Coen werd omsingeld door zo'n 16 ME'ers. Het beeld staat op de Roode Steen in het centrum van de stad.
Op het plein stonden veel terrassen waar kort daarvoor nog mensen hun hapjes en drankjes nuttigden. Maar die werden plots in allerijl weggehaald. Korte tijd later riep de politie alle aanwezigen op om het plein te verlaten. Omdat er ook veel uitgaanspubliek was, was het erg druk in het centrum. Er werd veel vuurwerk afgestoken, vermoedelijk door een deel van het uitgaanspubliek.
De ME is rond half elf begonnen met het leegvegen van de straten. Hierbij werden nog drie mensen aangehouden. Zij hadden hockeysticks in hun handen en deden volgens de politie vervelend. Zij worden later vannacht wel weer vrijgelaten. Ook is nog iemand aangehouden voor wildplassen.
Beide partijen lieten voorafgaand aan de demonstraties nog weten uit te gaan van vreedzame demonstraties.
Lees hier het Twitterverslag van verslaggever Vincent Triest.
Iedere middag de belangrijkste corona-updates en het laatste nieuws in je inbox.Ongeldig e-mailadres. Vul nogmaals in aub.
Uitschrijven kan met 1 klik
Den Haag verbiedt protest op Malieveld, organisatie stapt naar rechter | NU - Het laatste nieuws het eerst op NU.nl
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:52
Waarnemend burgemeester Johan Remkes van Den Haag heeft de demonstratie tegen de coronamaatregelen van zondag op het Malieveld verboden, zo laat de gemeente vrijdag aan NU.nl weten. De organisatie van het protest laat via Facebook weten een kort geding aan te spannen en vrijdag nog voor de voorzieningenrechter te staan.
De wijze waarop het protest werd georganiseerd, vormt volgens de gemeente een gevaar voor de volksgezondheid. Remkes, die ook plaatsvervangend voorzitter van de Veiligheidsregio Haaglanden is, nam het besluit in overleg met politie en justitie.
De organisatie van het protest werkte aan een urenlang programma met onder meer optredens van bekende dj's. "Hiermee is feitelijk sprake van een groot evenement zonder dat daarbij wordt voldaan aan de veiligheidseisen die daarvoor gelden. Ook gaat men hiermee voorbij aan het algemene verbod op evenementen dat geldt tot 1 september", zo valt te lezen in een verklaring die de gemeente naar buiten heeft gebracht.
Volgens de veiligheidsregio nemen de organisatie en de dj's met hun reclames via sociale en reguliere media "bewust het risico" dat er zoveel demonstranten op de betoging afkomen, dat ze onderling geen 1,5 meter afstand kunnen houden. "Naast gevaren voor de gezondheid ontstaat hierdoor bovendien vrees voor wanordelijkheden."
De organisatie 'Viruswaanzin' zegt dat er vrijdag nog een gesprek zou zijn met de gemeente, waarin de draaiboeken voor het protest doorgenomen zouden worden.
Aantal aanmeldingen overstijgt capaciteit MalieveldDe organisatie van het protest ging in het begin uit van honderd demonstranten, maar het aantal aanmeldingen liep snel op tot rond de tienduizend. De gemeente waarschuwt dat het Malieveld niet groot genoeg is voor zoveel betogers.
"Het recht op demonstratie is een groot goed, maar is niet ongelimiteerd. Het Malieveld is niet van elastiek. In de gemeente Den Haag bestaat geen openbare ruimte die de hoeveelheid mensen die de organisatie heeft opgetrommeld veilig kan herbergen en daarom verbied ik de bijeenkomst", zegt Remkes.
"Het is spijtig dat dit nu niet mogelijk is, maar het is ook de verantwoordelijkheid van het bestuur om gevaarlijke situaties te voorkomen en soms ook om inwoners en bezoekers tegen zichzelf en anderen te beschermen."
Volg de laatste ontwikkelingen rond het virus in ons liveblog.
Jan Pieterszoon Coen - Wikipedia
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 07:52
Dutch colonial administrator
Jan Pieterszoon Coen (8 January 1587 '' 21 September 1629) was an officer of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in the early 17th century, holding two terms as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He was the founder of Batavia, capital of the Dutch East Indies. Renowned for providing the impulse that set the VOC on the path to dominance in the Dutch East Indies, he was long considered a national hero in the Netherlands. Since the 19th century, his legacy has become controversial due to the violence he employed, especially during the last stage of the Dutch conquest of the Banda Islands, in order to secure a trade monopoly on nutmeg, mace and clove.
Life [ edit ] Coen was born in Hoorn on 8 January 1587, and was raised by his family in accordance with strict Calvinist principles. In 1601, he traveled to Rome, to study trade in the offices of the Fleming Joost de Visscher, where he learned the art of bookkeeping. Joining the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1606, he made a trading voyage to the East Indies in 1607 with the fleet of Pieter Willemsz Verhoeff.
First VOC voyage and return (1607''1612) [ edit ] During the journey, Verhoeff and 45 of his men were killed during negotiations with the chiefs of the Banda Islands.[citation needed ]
After his return to the republic in 1610, Coen submitted an important report on trade possibilities in Southeast Asia to the company's directors. As a result of this report, he was again sent overseas in 1612, with the rank of chief merchant.
Second VOC voyage and promotion (1612''1617) [ edit ] On the second trip, he acquitted himself so well of his commission and notable by the success of his practice of commerce, that in October 1613, he was appointed as accountant-general of all VOC offices in the East Indies and president of the head offices in Bantam and Jakarta.[1]
In 1614, he was made director-general, second in command. On 25 October 1617, the Heren XVII of the VOC appointed him as the fourth governor-general in the East Indies, of which he was informed on 30 April 1618.
Conquest of Jayakarta and Banda (1618''1622) [ edit ] As a merchant and Calvinist, Coen was convinced of the necessity of strict enforcement of contracts entered into with Asian rulers. He, therefore, aided Indonesian princes against their indigenous rivals or against other European powers and was given commercial monopolies for the company in return. Thus the Dutch, at the price of heavy military and naval investment, slowly gained control of the area's rich spice trade.
Between 1614 and 1618, Coen secured a clove monopoly in the Moluccas and a nutmeg monopoly in the Banda Islands. The inhabitants of Banda had been selling the spices to the English, despite contracts with the VOC, which obliged them to sell only to the VOC, at low prices.
In 1621, he led the Dutch conquest of the Banda Islands, using Japanese mercenaries. After encountering some fierce resistance, mostly by cannons that the natives had acquired from the English, they took the island of Lonthor by force. Many thousands of inhabitants were massacred and replaced by slave labor from other islands to make way for Dutch planters. Of the 15,000 inhabitants it is believed only about a thousand survived on the island. Eight hundred people were deported to Batavia.
Because of disputes at the head office in Bantam with natives, the Chinese, and the English, the VOC desired a better central headquarters. Coen thus directed more of the company's trade through Jakarta, where it had established a factory in 1610. However, not trusting the native ruler, he decided in 1618 to convert the Dutch warehouses into a fort. While away on an expedition, the English took control of the town. Coen managed to reconquer Jakarta in 1619, with fire destroying most of the town during the process. He rebuilt the city and fort, thus founding the new Dutch town over the ruins of its predecessor, which he forthwith proclaimed the capital of the Dutch East Indies.[1] In 1621, the city was renamed Batavia. Coen preferred Nieuw Hoorn, after his hometown, but didn't get his way.
Return to Holland (1622''1627) [ edit ] In 1622, Coen revisited Europe.[1] On 1 February 1623, he handed his post to Pieter de Carpentier and returned to the Netherlands, where he was given a hero's welcome off the coast of Texel. He then became head of the VOC chamber in Hoorn and worked on establishing new policies. During his absence from the East Indies, difficulties with the English were exacerbated by the Amboyna massacre. On 3 October 1624, he was reappointed governor-general in the East Indies, but his departure was hindered by the English. In 1625, he married Eva Ment, and in 1627 departed incognito for the East Indies with his wife, their newborn child and her brother and sister, starting work on 30 September 1627. After his arrival, the English abandoned Batavia and established their headquarters in Bantam.
Last years (1627''1629) [ edit ] Twice during Coen's term in office, Sultan Agung of Mataram besieged Batavia, in 1628 and 1629. Agung's military was poorly armed and had inadequate provisions of food, and was never able to capture the city.[1] During Agung's second siege Coen suddenly died on 21 September 1629, likely due to the cholera outbreak in Batavia during this siege.
In Imogiri, there is a persistent folklore that Coen's remains were stolen from his grave in Jakarta, and placed under the steps leading up to Sultan Agung's grave.[2]
Legacy [ edit ] Statue in
Hoorn, Coen's hometown
Plaque on statue of Jan Pieterszoon Coen in Hoorn, in Dutch and English. Added in 2012 by the city council after protests over large scale cruelties administered by Coen.
A famed quote of his from 1618, Despair not, spare your enemies not, for God is with us, illustrates his single-minded ruthlessness, and his unstinting belief in the divinely-sanctioned nature of his project. Using such self-professed divine sanction to violently pursue his ultimate goal of trade monopoly in the East Indies, Dutch soldiers acting on Coen's orders perpetrated numerous wanton acts of destruction in the spice islands of (now) eastern Indonesia, including the infamous Banda Massacre of 1621. The purpose of this was to create scarcity of natural produce in order to sustain artificially high prices and profits for the Dutch investors of the VOC. This was deemed by many to be excessive, even for such a relatively violent age. Consequently, since the independence of Indonesia he has been looked at in a more critical light, and historians view his often violent methods to have been excessive.
Coen was known in his time on account of strict governance and harsh criticism of people who did not share his views, at times directed even at the 17 Lords of the VOC (for which he was reprimanded). Coen was known to be strict towards subordinates and merciless to his opponents. His willingness to use violence to obtain his ends was too much for many, even during such a relatively violent age. When Saartje Specx, a girl whom he had been entrusted to care for, was found in Coen's private quarters in the arms of a soldier, Pieter Cortenhoeff, Coen showed no mercy in having Cortenhoeff beheaded. Specx was below the age of 14 and could therefore not receive the death penalty. Although this meant she escaped death through drowning, she was sentenced to be flogged in public instead.
References [ edit ] Sources [ edit ] External links [ edit ] Works about Jan Pieterszoon Coen at Open LibraryWorks by or about Jan Pieterszoon Coen in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
UK demonstrators hold fourth weekend of anti-racism protests | News , World | THE DAILY STAR
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:14
Jun. 20, 2020 | 03:25 PM
People rally to support the Black Lives Matter movement in Birmingham, England, Friday June 19, 2020. A white US Police officer in Minneapolis, recently killed black man George Floyd, sparking anti-racism protests worldwide, and the Black Lives Matter movement, hoping to enable reforms and greater social justice. (Ben Birchall/PA via AP)
Associated Press
you've reached a subscriber-only article. Sign up now and access the full breadth of The Daily Star content in minutes.
subscribe now unrestricted access 1 month...$12 | 3 months...$30 | 6 months...$55 | 1 year...$99 Existing users can login here or register for a new account. Advertisement
"; completeHTML += "" + text[0] + "" + text[1] + "
"; } document.getElementById("ulNews").innerHTML = completeHTML; } } } } } GetLiveNews();
French protesters decry racism, other systemic injustices | News , World | THE DAILY STAR
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:13
CommentsYour feedback is important to us!
We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article.
Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment(s), including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. Please note that your email address will NOT appear on the site.
Alert: If you are facing problems with posting comments, please note that you must verify your email with Disqus prior to posting a comment. follow this link to make sure your account meets the requirements. (http://bit.ly/vDisqus)
Germany: Riots and looting grip Stuttgart | News | DW | 21.06.2020
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:24
The southwestern German city has seen a night of rioting and looting, with several police officers injured as hundreds of people took to the city center. The situation was "completely out of control," police said.
Several police officers were injured as riots and looting were carried out in the German city of Stuttgart early on Sunday morning. Dozens of small groups of people in the city center threw stones at authorities, smashed cars and broke shop windows.
"The situation is completely out of control," a police spokesperson said. "It is developing into real riots," they added. Twenty people were arrested.
Police said the riots happened after police conducted checks in the city center related to suspected drug dealing. Several groups then ganged up on police and started to threaten them. Police were "confronted in an extremely aggressive manner, attacked and injured," the police report said.
Shortly after 3 a.m. the situation appeared to have calmed.
Authorities said several hundred people were involved in the riots, which took place in the Stuttgart's central shopping district and lasted for several hours.
Several businesses and vehicles were damaged in the city, which is the capital of the German state of Baden-W¼rttemberg and one of Germany's biggest cities.
On Sunday, Stuttgart's mayor, Fritz Kuhn wrote on Twitter that he was "shocked about the violent outbreak..." He said it was "a sad Sunday for Stuttgart" and that authorities would analyze the situation "thoroughly." He retweeted a video from regional public television SWR that shows some of the violence.
ed/ng (AFP, dpa)
You can subsribe to DW's newsletters here:
National Arm Of Black Lives Matter Spent Millions On Travel And Consultants, Financial Statements Show | The Daily Caller
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:13
Black Lives Matter Global Network spent millions on consultants, travel and compensation for its staff from July 2017 through June 2019, according to audited financial statements from its fiscal sponsor, Thousand Currents. About 6% of BLM Global Network's spending during those three fiscal years was in the form of grants to outside organizations such as its independent affiliated chapters, the statements show. BLM Global Network Managing Director Kailee Scales told the Daily Caller News Foundation the figures are not an accurate reflection of the in-kind support it provided to its affiliated chapters those years. Scales also said her organization is not responsible for the preparation of the financial statements, saying they were prepared by BLM Global Network's fiscal sponsor, Thousand Currents. The national arm of Black Lives Matter spent millions on consultants, travel and compensation for its own staff between July 2017 and June 2019, according to audited financial statements prepared by its fiscal sponsor, Thousand Currents.
BLM Global Network spent $899,000 on travel, $1.6 million on consulting and $2.1 million on personnel costs during its 2017, 2018 and 2019 fiscal years, the financial statements show, together comprising 83.3% of its total spending during the three year period. BLM Global Network granted $328,000 to outside organizations, which include local BLM chapters, during that same time frame, a figure that represents about 6% of its total spending.
''The numbers you have for the prior years do not reflect, for example, the in kind support for chapters and fundraising directed to chapters and programmatic assistance to chapters, that would not show up as direct grants on the audited financials,'' BLM Global Network Managing Director Kailee Scales told the DCNF on Tuesday. ''That work was carried out by employees and consultants to BLM.''
But Scales did not answer when asked how much of its spending during that timeframe reflected the in-kind assistance she says BLM Global Network gave to its local BLM chapters versus the development of the various art projects the organization advertises as program areas on its website.
Additionally, Scales said her organization is not responsible for preparing the financial statements, noting that they were prepared by Thousand Currents, a California charity that has acted as a fiscal sponsor for BLM Global Network since 2016.
''The numbers you cite from the annual information return form [sic] our fiscal sponsor reflect IRS-required reporting categories that bear no relationship to how our programs have actually been run,'' Scales said. ''These are not numbers developed by BLM Global Network Foundation and we cannot speak to how they were calculated.''
Scales also said BLM Global Network has upped its grant-making activities substantially during its current fiscal year, granting ''over $770,000'' to outside organizations between the beginning of June 2019 and the end of April 2020. Financial statements for BLM's current fiscal year are not yet available.
BLM Global Network announced on June 11 it was launching a $6.5 million fund to support its affiliated local chapters with grants of up to $500,000 after donations began flooding into the organizations following the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died on May 25 after a white police officer knelt on his neck for more than eight minutes.
On Wednesday, BLM Global Network announced an additional $6 million grant fund to support black-led grassroots organization groups. The group told the Associated Press it has received more than 1.1 million donations since Floyd's death. The average donation clocked in at $33, according to the AP.
A spokesperson for Thousand Currents, which was formerly called ''IDEX,'' confirmed in an email to the DCNF that it was approached by BLM Global Network in 2016 to create a fiscal sponsorship arrangement, which enables the activist group to use Thousand Currents' charitable status to receive tax-deductible contributions.
''In this capacity, we provide administrative and back office support, including finance, accounting, grants management, insurance, human resources, legal and compliance,'' the Thousand Currents spokesperson said.
Thousand Currents' primary charitable activity is to support grassroots groups and movements in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia, according to its website. The charity's former executive director, Rajasvini Bhansali, told the Associated Press in 2016 that BLM Global Network agreed to make donations to Thousand Currents' partners in Zimbabwe and South Africa in lieu of an administrative fee for its fiscal sponsorship services.
Thousand Currents did not respond to numerous inquiries seeking clarification on how much BLM Global Network has contributed to its overseas partners since its fiscal sponsorship began in 2016.
Scales, who did not respond to numerous requests for a phone interview with the DCNF, also did not respond when asked how much BLM Global Network has donated to its fiscal sponsor's overseas partners.
Thousand Currents finance director Jenesha de Revera told FactCheck.org that BLM Global Network's activities are referred to as the ''fiscal project'' in its audited financial statements for fiscal years 2017, 2018 and 2019.
Local BLM Chapters 'Are The Ones Leading'Multiple BLM founders have said its independent, autonomous chapters are the ones responsible for carrying out the movement's mission.
''We have impacted the world; the Black Lives Matter Global Network, a crew of mostly young Black women and femmes challenging the culture to live up to our resilience. We evolved from a phrase, to hashtag, to a global network,'' BLM co-founder Patrise Khan-Cullors wrote in a statement commemorating the group's fifth anniversary in 2018. ''This work is carried out by our chapters, whose leadership spans across the country and the world.''
Another BLM co-founder, Opal Tometi, told The New Yorker in early June that the affiliated BLM chapters ''are the ones leading'' the movement.
''It has always been somewhat decentralized,'' Tometi said. ''We have tried various structures, but we have always said the power goes on in the local chapter because they know what is going on, and they are the ones familiar with the terrain.''
''There are chapters across the country, many of them are operational and do their own fund-raising, and make their demands,'' Tometi said, adding that the chapters have great leeway in deciding which issues to focus on.
''So different chapters might take on different issues, but there is this throughline of valuing black life and understanding that we are not a monolith but being radically inclusive in terms of chapter makeup,'' Tometi said.
Former BLM Global Network communications strategist Shanelle Matthews explained in 2016 that the national group plays a supporting role for its affiliated chapters.
''Because we are decentralized, chapters are autonomous and develop their own strategies,'' Matthews told PR Week. ''They know what's best for their communities. Anyone working outside a chapter is here to provide technical assistance and support.''
All of BLM Global Network's affiliated chapters must establish their own legal entities prior to their initiation to the network, according to the organization's website.
Former BLM activist Ashley Yates has publicly criticized BLM Global Network since as early as 2018 for what she says is a lack of transparency and has accused the organization of squandering money on excessive travel and compensation for its top staffers while giving little to its affiliated chapters.
Yates is described on a GoFundMe fundraising page established last year to support her work as having ''[M]et with President Obama at the White House in November of 2014 after the officer who murdered Micheal Brown failed to be indicted by a grand jury'' and that she ''was among the protesters who made headlines by interrupting presidential candidates Bernie Sanders and Martin O'Malley at Netroots Nation in 2015.'' Yates also profiled in a 2018 New York Times article about the depression and physical strains suffered by young black activists.
''I had concerns since the donations started rolling in from day one and I asked each of the co founders individually what happened to all the money several times,'' Yates tweeted in January 2019. ''Each time I got the run around, outright dismissed.''
Oh, and *retreats/vacations. Lots of those.
'-- ashley yates (@brownblaze) January 2, 2018
I no longer work with BLM in any capacity. But most of the local chapters suffer, little funding comes thru but the network capitalizes off the work of the local orgs with the same name
'-- ashley yates (@brownblaze) June 9, 2020
Black Lives Matter Cincinnati announced in March 2018 it was changing its name because the national group had ''perverted'' the Black Lives Matter brand.
''BLMC has never been a chapter of that organization or a partisan of its politics because, even at the onset of us establishing our name as BLMC, we recognized that our idea of the type of movement necessary to win black liberation was at odds with that national body and it's [sic] directive,'' BLM Cincinnati wrote in its statement announcing it was changing its name to the Mass Action for Black Liberation.
''BLM did not create or build this new grassroots movement against police brutality and racism; they capitalized off a nameless groundswell of resistance sweeping the nation, branded it as their own, and profited from the deaths of Black men and women around the country without seriously engaging, as a national formation, in getting justice for fighting families,'' BLM Cincinnati wrote.
''All the while raking in hundreds of thousands of dollars from high-end speaking engagements and donations from foundations that support the Black struggle.''
Content created by The Daily Caller News Foundation is available without charge to any eligible news publisher that can provide a large audience. For licensing opportunities of our original content, please contact licensing@dailycallernewsfoundation.org.
Tom Fitton on Twitter: "This is an interesting issue. ActBlue Charities is the fundraising charity that purports to raise money for other charities, which in this case is "Black Lives Matter Global Network." No IRS info with this organization's name is av
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:21
Log in Sign up Tom Fitton @ TomFitton This is an interesting issue. ActBlue Charities is the fundraising charity that purports to raise money for other charities, which in this case is "Black Lives Matter Global Network." No IRS info with this organization's name is avail online.
twitter.com/RealCandaceO/s'... 6:46 AM - 11 Jun 2020 Candace Owens @ RealCandaceO
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton Regarding BLM global network'-- I can find them registered in Delaware but all 3 of the companies appear to be defunct as in'-- ''not in good standing'' with the state. None of this is making any sense.
View conversation · '­¸'­¸'­¸ Suzy '­¸'­¸'­¸ @ suzydymna
Jun 11 Replying to
@RealCandaceO @TomFitton Delaware, that's Joe Biden country... hmm...
View conversation · Antara @ AntaraMAGA
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton Here is a page from Act Blue charity expenditures not seen here:
pic.twitter.com/FgrkShqbwb View conversation · Harriett Lublin @ byteme404
Jun 11 Replying to
@AntaraMAGA @TomFitton thegatewaypundit.com/2020/06/exclus'... View conversation · Marion @ Marion92437760
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton @RealCandaceO I found them under
icis.corp.delaware.gov/ecorp/entityse'...FILE NUMBERENTITY NAME6518141BLACK LIVES MATTER ACTION FUND, INC.6518139BLACK LIVES MATTER GLOBAL NETWORK FOUNDATION, INC.6194815BLACK LIVES MATTER GLOBAL NETWORK, INC.7571217BLACK LIVES MATTER NETWORK ACTION FUND, INC.
View conversation · Marion @ Marion92437760
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton @RealCandaceO They all had the same Registered Agent Information
pic.twitter.com/Gnwmpo0ls5 View conversation · Antara @ AntaraMAGA
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton Where is the page showing Act Blue funds going to Democrat candidates?
View conversation · BAM🇺🇲 Becky Masotti @ BeckyMasotti
Jun 11 Replying to
@AntaraMAGA @TomFitton Bottom right, Open Secrets website
pic.twitter.com/7d4fpPwx6T View conversation · ðŸ'–🇺🇸ðŸ'–Blessed @ Grammy9175
Jun 11 Replying to
@TomFitton @RealCandaceO Don't forget Amazon just gave BLM 10 million dollars! I just read a group in China just gave them 1 million! I'm really disturbed by the lack of leadership in the Democratic Party to stop the rioting and killing of police officers going on right now!
View conversation · Allie Grimwell @ AGrimwell
Jun 11 Replying to
@Grammy9175 @TomFitton @RealCandaceO China giving BLM money to funnel to the DNC has to be all kinds of illegal.
View conversation · Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
Settings Help Back to top ·
Turn images off
Third Wave
This Leftist Tantrum Is an Information Operation and Trump Is Winning It
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 09:31
It's certainly frustrating to watch a pack of reeking leftist scumbags declare a portion of an American city an ''autonomous zone'' '' what is it with Democrats and their secession fetish? '' but do not get frustrated because Donald Trump has not sent the 101st Airborne in to powerwash the human grunge from Seattle's feces-bedecked streets.
That's what the Democrats want. And Trump '' a better strategic thinker than all the media geniuses, hack politicians, and Afghan War-losing generals who cry about him '' is not only not going to give them the victory they crave. He's going to jam their cheesy plan down their throats.
The libs' plan to win in November corresponds to Trump's plan to crush them yet again. Skeptical? Consider this. In the five years since he rode down that escalator bringin' hell with him, how many times have they come at Trump and won? Zero. He's spent half a decade on the edge of doom and he's still here. Why would you think that the walls are suddenly closing in now? You shouldn't.
Let's understand the strategic scenario. The long-term strategic objective of the leftists is to turn the United States into Venezuela, and they want to be Maduro. The major strategic objective that will put them in position to do so is victory in the November elections. Everything happening right now is part of their overall strategy to achieve that objective. But what kind of operation are they using to achieve that objective? There are two types of operations relevant here '' kinetic and information. A kinetic operation is actual warfare. It's violence designed to defeat the enemy and cause his surrender by either physically destroying him or occupying his territory and compelling surrender. An information operation is designed to affect the perceptions, and thereby the actions, of the target. Kinetic ops tend to do something to the enemy; and info op tends to get the target to do something to himself.
Elections are usually information operations. They attempt to build a narrative and play on perceptions and cause the target to take the action that will lead to victory. That is, get the target (the electorate) vote for the candidate the info operator wants elected.
Okay, so what is the 2020 elections, with the rioting, vandalism, violence and occupations?
This still an information operation, not a kinetic one.
They want to convince us we are powerless, that everyone else supports their commie agenda, that we cannot win. Their tactics are designed to create that impression and crush our morale. These include the 24/7 media hype, the outright media lies, the movie stars with their dumb PSAs, the staged statue attacks, the corporate solidarity proclamations, the social media cancellations, and the craven kneeling by people who are supposed to stand up for us. But another tactic, familiar to any student of insurgencies, is to provoke an overreaction by those in power in order to undermine its moral authority. They want is to make us (including the president) think this is a kinetic operation, and get our side to make fundamental strategic errors by failing to recognize the true nature of the threat. They hope that such a mismatch between perception and reality will then lead to gravely damaging blunders. One of those would be Trump succumbing to his legit frustration and sending in a bunch of federal troops to crack skulls in Seattle.
Defining this insurgency as a kinetic operation supports the leftists' information operation goal of making Americans perceive the situation as out of control, of there being chaos, and of making the election of Grandpa Badfinger being the only thing that will resolve the situation. But there is no kinetic situation to resolve '' at least none that is strategically significant in a kinetic sense. Despite the hype, the protests may have involved a peak of 2 million people across the country '' out of 330 million. That's nothing kinetically; it's significant informationally because it is pushed by so many cultural influencers. The scurvy scumbags of Antifa hold essentially no ground except the turf they are physically standing on at the moment, and that is minuscule. Even the hilarious Road Warrior Republic of Seattle is not even a rounding error of a rounding error in terms of US territory. It's significant only in the context of an information operation.
Many of us cons are furious that Trump is ''doing nothing.'' This is the wrong thing to think. Trump is only doing nothing if this is a kinetic operation; because this is an information operation, not going kinetic (sending in the troops) is doing something. And in fact, Trump is employing the law enforcement component of his kinetic assets by having the feds wait and arrest Antifa types after the protests end, and hitting them with hardcore federal rioting-related charges. Previously, they would get ticketed and released; now, looking at a five-to-ten stretch, the lawyers their daddies hired to get these sunshine anarchists out of their beefs are going to be advising them to roll over so they can start back up at Cornell in September and not at Leavenworth.
Trump can and should let Seattle's problem be Seattle's problem. A small-scale riot in a peripheral city known for coffee, drizzle, and droning, garbage music is the very definition of a local problem. Why would Trump interject himself into it and relieve the mayor and governor of the consequences of their failure to keep order? Why would he stop them from showing the electorate exactly what the reeking cesspool they could expect after Gropey Joe defunds the police looks like?
Scumbagistan is a giant zit on the face of liberalism, and why should Trump pop it? He's letting it fester for all of us to see '' and winning the information war.
Understand that the leftist establishment would like nothing better than for Trump to go kinetic. That's why it is baiting him, and hoping that those of us who are sick of these Lil' Red Guards will pressure him into dropping in the paratroopers to bust some heads and '' oh please, oh please, oh please '' get caught on video Kent Stating up a batch of fresh new martyrs. Trump's too smart for that, and frankly the establishment is too dumb and undisciplined to carry it out. The media shot its wad on the hyperbolic reaction to clearing out the park in front of the White House, demonstrating that even the most gentle and restrained of kinetic actions was going to get transmogrified into Hitler's blitz across the Low Countries. And those generals screwed-up too, bad. They should have waited to wring their hands over Trump's violent and dangerous employment of the military until he actually violently and dangerously employed the military. A bunch of allegedly (but not actually) neutral and nonpartisan military figures with heaps of establishment street cred coming down on POTUS in the wake of a bloodbath could have had a devastating political effect, but they pulled the trigger too early. Mattis and Milley and the rest of the medal men we're supposed to think are superb strategic operators, but who still haven't won the war against a pack of turbaned banditos after about 20 years, screwed-up yet again. They were supposed to deliver an info op kill shot to define Trump to the masses as a bloody tyrant and instead got just one news cycle of play with the Twitter blue checks. The only casualty was not Trump's rep, but their own credibility with anyone outside of the Beltway.
Right now, the American people are seeing chaos. But chaos does not necessarily play against Trump in the long term. Biden is trapped, trying to nuance his unsteady carcass through the conflict between the Democrats' '''Defund the Police' means 'Reform the Police''' faction and the ''No, 'Defund the Police' really means 'Defund the Police''' faction. All the while, Trump is tweeting ''LAW AND ORDER!''
Do you think this is all helping the Dems? If you do, stop watching MSNBCNN. Except among Hollywood jerks, urban hipsters and whiny woke wine women from Westchester, the attack on order means ''Advantage: Trump.'' You can see the results if you look behind the media curtain. Remember how the media had a collective panty-wetting over the meaningless Georgia primary and the GOP's alleged voter suppression? Did you wonder why the media felt it was such a big deal? The answer is in the actual results, which you did not hear about if you listen to the garbage mainstream media. Trump, who had the nomination sewn up, crushed Biden and the rest of the Dems combined in votes. Wait, didn't all the smart people tell us that Georgia, under the carb-curious leadership of Governor Stacy Abrams, was turning blue?
Yeah, right.
Trump is winning this information battle. Conservative Americans '' and moderate Americans who want law and order '' can't wait to vote against defunding the police, rioting and appeasement. The Silent Majority is being roused again.
Join Townhall VIP, and go ahead and pre-order a copy of my new non-fiction book from Regnery, The 21 Biggest Lies about Donald Trump (and You!). Also, check out my podcast ''Unredacted'' every Monday, and my free podcast ''Fighting Words'' on Wednesdays! And don't forget my novels of America falling apart, People's Republic, Indian Country, Wildfire and Collapse!
Uncle Sam Finally Brings Charges Against Antifa for Riots
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 09:31
The Department of Justice has filed what looks to be the first tranche of charges against violent antifa protesters from coast to coast following weeks of rioting in the wake of the killing of George Floyd by police. As antifa itself would say, ''It's going down.''
Whatever comes out of the current rebellion, this will be the hardest thing for the elites to wash away: the feeling of confidence in our own abilities to change history, in relationships we have forged in the streets, and in the hearts and minds of those who have come alive. pic.twitter.com/ow3ES1EwDC
'-- It's Going Down (@IGD_News) June 12, 2020
More than 50 people have been indicted on various charges in La Mesa, Calif., Minneapolis, Austin, Dallas, Baton Rouge, Philly, St. Paul, and Tacoma.
''The #FirstAmendment does not permit people to use a protest as cover to commit arson, destroy property or incite violence. Any protestors who cross this line should know that we will use every tool at our disposal to find you and prosecute you.'' @USAttyBrady https://t.co/BemGXgxIXa
'-- U.S. Attorneys (@USAttorneys) June 3, 2020
Conspicuously absent in this wave of indictments is anyone from Portland, Ore., arguably the area most seeded with members of the group designated as domestic terrorists by the Trump administration. Rioters there attacked the Justice Center. They were back Saturday night to finish the job.
Police clearing area now pic.twitter.com/O2j2nssbdF
'-- Sergio Olmos (@MrOlmos) June 13, 2020
No one from Seattle's black bloc-outfitted terrorists or the Republic of CHAZ was named in these indictments, either.
Mayor, are you going to address the reported rapes, robberies and assaults your own police have said they've been unable to respond to inside the #CHAZ? https://t.co/mAVkOXhmuk
'-- Lance Gooden (@Lancegooden) June 13, 2020
Antifa's reign of terrorAmericans saw the police station in Minneapolis burn with impunity on live TV, rioters leaving behind a steaming mass of wreckage that resembled parts of London after the Luftwaffe got done with it.
A woman who lives nearby sweeps the sidewalk in front of the gutted and precarious Nuevo Rodeo bar close to the 3rd precinct police station in #Minneapolis on Sunday. pic.twitter.com/gDqCgXhYJh
'-- Charlotte Cuthbertson (@charlottecuthbo) May 31, 2020
People were beaten, police cars were torched.
Woman in Wheelchair Is Beaten by Minneapolis Rioters Who Then Claim She 'Deserved' It https://t.co/dRoqyVdho4 @MrAndyNgo #GeorgeFloyd #minneapolisriots pic.twitter.com/Ah0akzDozL
'-- Victoria Taft (@VictoriaTaft) May 28, 2020
Law-abiding Americans might be buoyed that there will be a price to pay for this latest reign of terror. People who were terrified at the antifa antics will be happy to hear of the charges against these terrorists.
Individual Charged with Setting NYPD Vehicle On Fire in Brooklyn https://t.co/p2s8woKNU0 (Announced with @ATFNewYork @NYPDnews and @FDNY)
'-- US Attorney EDNY (@EDNYnews) June 11, 2020
Charges against antifaAttorney General Bill Barr and U.S. attorneys across the nation charged suspects for more than 40 violent crimes, which CBS News reporter Catherine Herridge put out on Twitter.
Now: Updated Federal Riot Cases as of 11:30 am from DOJ: +50 cases, +75 individuals, new alleged violations include multiple instances targeting law enforcement: police vehicles set on fire, smashing police car window, pointing laser at police chopper, arson precinct @CBSNews https://t.co/TKjOdSnmsj pic.twitter.com/gyxW8ei9w6
'-- Catherine Herridge (@CBS_Herridge) June 12, 2020
Among the crimes being pursued are:
Crossing state lines for purposes of riotThrowing Molotov cocktailsTorching cop carsLooting gun stores and pharmaciesOnline threats against copsArsonShining lasers in eyes of police helicopter pilotsBringing guns to a riotThe New York Post reports on a couple of specific incidents.
Brandon Wolfe was arrested for swiping items from the Minneapolis Police Department's 3rd Precinct on June 3. Cops found him with ''body armor, a police-issue duty belt with handcuffs, an earphone piece, baton, and knife'' and his name ''handwritten in duct tape on the back of the body armor.''
Wolfe, 23, also had a ''riot helmet, 9mm pistol magazine, police radio, and police issue overdose kit'' and allegedly confessed to tossing a barrel into the fire at the precinct.
Antifa members are fond of impersonating police officers.
John Wesley Mobley Jr. was busted for allegedly flashing ''what appeared to be a law enforcement badge'' at protesters in Orlando on May 31 and threatening them, ''Do you want to get arrested? Do you want to go to jail?''
One protester apparently responded, ''He's a Marshal!''
Mobley, 36, was also allegedly in possession of a BB gun replica of a Glock pistol, handcuffs and a silver badge reading ''United States Marshal.''
He's been convicted twice before for impersonating law enforcement.
Now, for the moment at least, the tables are finally turning on antifa. The real cops are doing their jobs.
It's going down for real.
Seattle's Top Cop Says Don't Look at Me, Abandoning Police Station Wasn't My IdeaThe Warlord Will See You Now. Armed Rebels Illegally Require ID to Get Into Seattle 'Autonomous' Zone'Defunding the Police' Is 'Code Word' for Insane '' That's Why Left Is Redefining It In Real TimeMob Wants Oregon Mayor 'Canceled' for Insufficient 'Wokeness.' Now He's Turning the TablesHere's What You Didn't Know About that Hero's Takedown of Antifa With AR-15 at Seattle RiotMinnesota AG Keith Ellison May Have Just Screwed Up Case Against George Floyd CopsHere's the Real Story on George Floyd, Police Abuse, and Racism, and What You Should Do About ItThis Democrat Is So Outraged She Doesn't Mind if Rioters 'Burn It to the Ground'
FBI tracked down white woman who set cop cars alight by tracing the t-shirt to Etsy | Daily Mail Online
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:23
FBI tracked down white woman who set cop cars alight by tracing custom t-shirt she wore at a Philadelphia demonstration to Etsy - which led them to her LinkedIn and Poshmark accountsLore-Elisabeth Blumenthal, 33, faces two counts of felony arson for her role in setting ablaze two Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) vehicles on May 30 Black Lives Matter protesters and other peaceful demonstrators convened in the city to protest the killing of George Floyd Photos and videos taken at the scene show a woman using a burning piece of wood from a police barricade and throwing it on two videos Blumenthal faces up to eighty years in prison if convicted, followed by three years of supervised releaseShe faces a fine of up to $500,000By Matthew Wright For Dailymail.com
Published: 21:25 EDT, 17 June 2020 | Updated: 11:32 EDT, 18 June 2020
Agents used Blumenthal's Etsy page to find her LinkedIN page
A white woman believed to have set fire to two cop cars during protests in Philadelphia has been arrested after investigators traced her shirt to an Etsy page, ultimately leading to the woman's social media accounts.
Lore-Elisabeth Blumenthal, 33, faces two counts of felony arson for her role in setting ablaze two Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) vehicles 'following peaceful protests' on May 30.
FBI agents used Instagram posts of the burned cars, along with 500 photos from various photographers, to identify the wording on the woman's shirt: 'KEEP THE IMMIGRANTS, DEPORT THE RACISTS,' the FBI agent explained in his affidavit, VICE reports.
Agents discovered that the shirt was custom made and sold on Etsy and found that a user - Xx Mv - had posted a review about purchasing the shirt. The URL belonging to the Etsy was 'alleycatlore.' The page listed Philadelphia as being where the user lived.
The FBI then Googled 'alleycatlore' and found a user named 'Lore-Elisabeth' on Poshmark. Agents then looked up 'Lore-Elisabeth Philadelphia' and found a LinkedIN page for a woman who works as a massage therapist for a company in the Philadelphia area.
Authorities then used videos from the company's Vimeo account to identify tattoos that matched Blumenthal to the woman at the protests.
Authorities found a phone number on the website and then used it to identity the woman's address and DMV photo.
While this occurred, Etsy provided purchasing records - following a subpoena - and confirmed that Xx Mv purchased a shirt. The subpoena also revealed that the items were sent to a Lore Elisabeth in Philadelphia.
Agents discovered that the shirt was custom made and sold on Etsy and found that a user - Xx Mv - had posted a review about purchasing the shirt. The URL belonging to the Etsy was 'alleycatlore.' The page listed Philadelphia as being where the user lived
Lore-Elisabeth Blumenthal, 33, faces two counts of felony arson for her role in setting ablaze two Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) vehicles 'following peaceful protests' on May 30
Paul Hetznecker, the woman's lawyer, expressed concern about prosecutors charging her in a federal court, instead of leaving local authorities to deal with the case.
'The techniques utilized by the FBI are gonna be scrutinized during the course of my pre-trial investigation of this case,' he said.
Black Lives Matter protesters and other demonstrators had convened in the city to protest the killing of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery and Breonna Taylor while decrying police brutality and racism in the United States on May 30 when the arson occured.
Photos and videos taken at the scene show a woman using a burning piece of wood from a police barricade and throwing it on the rear window of a PPD sedan that was already on fire.
The woman then takes the burning wood and then uses it on an PPD SUV that was not on fire.
'We at the U.S. Attorney's Office fully support the First Amendment right of the people to assemble peaceably and to petition their government. But torching a police car has nothing to do with peaceful protest or any legitimate message. It is a violent and despicable act that will be prosecuted in this District to the fullest extent of the law,' said U.S. Attorney McSwain in a press release.
A Philadelphia fire fighter extinguishes a flaming police car in front of the Apple Store on Walnut Street in Philadelphia
Photos and videos taken at the scene show a woman using a burning piece of wood from a police barricade and throwing it on the rear window of a PPD sedan that was already on fire
FBI agents used Instagram posts of the burned cars, along with 500 photos from various photographers, to identify the wording on the woman's shirt
'Anybody who engaged in such acts can stand by to put your hands behind your back and head to federal prison. We are coming for you.'
Blumenthal faces up to eighty years in prison if convicted, followed by three years of supervised release. She faces a fine of up to $500,000.
The release notes that civil unrest followed the peaceful protest and resulted in 'widespread looting, burglary, arson, destruction of property, and other violent acts.'
Authorities then used videos from the company's Vimeo account to identify tattoos that matched Blumenthal to the woman at the protests
The Vimeo video showing the picture of the tattoo on the woman's arm
Advertisement
Noodle Gun
http://noodlegunned.com
Lloyd's of London Apologizes for Its 'Shameful' Role in Atlantic Slave Trade
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 08:29
The Lloyd's of London insurance market has apologized for its ''shameful'' role in the 18th and 19th Century Atlantic slave trade and has agreed to fund charities and organizations promoting opportunities for black and ethnic minority groups.
About 17 million African men, women and children were torn from their homes and shackled into one of the world's most brutal globalized trades between the 15th and 19th centuries. Many died in merciless conditions.
''We are sorry for the role played by the Lloyd's market in the 18th and 19th Century slave trade '' an appalling and shameful period of English history, as well as our own,'' Lloyd's said.
''Recent events have shone a spotlight on the inequality that black people have experienced over many years as a result of systematic and structural racism that has existed in many aspects of society and unleashed difficult conversations that were long overdue.''
Lloyd's Statement on Its Role in Slave Trade
At Lloyd's we understand that we cannot always be proud of our past. In particular, we are sorry for the role played by the Lloyd's market in the eighteenth and nineteenth Century slave trade '' an appalling and shameful period of English history, as well as our own. In acknowledging our own history, we also remain committed to focusing on the actions we can take today to shape our future into one that we can truly be proud to stand by. Read more.
The world's leading commercial insurance market, Lloyd's '' which started life in Edward Lloyd's coffee house in 1688 '' is where complex insurance contracts ranging from catastrophe to events cancellation are agreed and underwritten.
Lloyd's grew to dominate the shipping insurance market, a key element of Europe's global scramble for empire, treasure and slaves, who were generally in the 18th Century included in insurance policies in the general rate for ship cargo.
Lloyd's said it would invest in programs to attract black and minority ethnic talent, review its organization's artifacts to ensure they were not racist and provide financial support to charities and organizations promoting opportunity for black and minority ethnic people.
In the biggest deportation in known history, weapons and gunpowder from Europe were swapped for millions of African slaves who were shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas. Ships returned to Europe with sugar, cotton and tobacco.
Those who survived endured a life of subjugation on sugar, tobacco and cotton plantations. Britain abolished the trans-Atlantic slave trade in 1807 although the full abolition of slavery did not follow for another generation.
A sweeping global reassessment of history and racism has been triggered by the May 25 death of George Floyd, a black man who died after a Minneapolis police officer knelt on his neck for nearly nine minutes while detaining him.
An Oxford University college said on Wednesday it wanted to remove from its facade a statue of 19th century colonialist Cecil Rhodes that has been a target of anti-racism protests.
Greene King, which describes itself as Britain's leading pub owner and brewer, apologized for the profit one of its original founders made from the slave trade.
''It is inexcusable that one of our founders profited from slavery and argued against its abolition in the 1800s,'' Chief Executive Nick Mackenzie said.
He said the company would make investments to help the black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) community and to support race diversity in its business.
(Writing by Guy Faulconbridge; editing by William Schomberg and Edmund Blair)
'CBS en MTV huren priv(C)detective in om social media van hun sterren te controleren op racisme' | Entertainment | Telegraaf.nl
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:07
''¸ Getty Images
Deze opvallende move komt nadat verschillende beroemdheden recent ontslagen zijn vanwege opgedoken posts die als racistisch werden beschouwd. Zo ontsloeg Bravo al drie medewerkers wegens aanstootgevende tweets en lieten ook MTV en CBS elk een medewerker om die reden gaan.
Volgens Page Six hebben verschillende netwerken nu het befaamde kantoor Edward Myers & Associates ingehuurd, om te proberen mogelijk beledigende posts van hun sterren op te sporen en te verwijderen voor ze publiek gemaakt worden.
Volgens bronnen zijn er brieven naar de sterren gestuurd om hen erop te wijzen dat het kantoor van Myers - een zwaargewicht die eerder voor de gemeente van LA recherchewerk deed op de grote bendes en voor Jeff Bezos' beveiligers werkte - het onderzoek snel zal starten.
De netwerken hebben nog geen commentaar gegeven op het nieuws van Page Six.
Wekelijks het laatste nieuws rondom film, cultuur en uit & thuis in je inbox?Ongeldig e-mailadres. Vul nogmaals in aub.
Uitschrijven kan met 1 klik
Ole Miss should drop Rebels as its athletic nickname
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:23
So the Southeastern Conference has thrown down the gauntlet in the direction of Mississippi, whose state flag is an embarrassing relic that stubbornly honors American traitors who do not deserve it.
It's no secret that administrators and coaches associated with the SEC's two Mississippi schools have wanted the flag gone for a long time. Its nod to the Confederacy is outdated, its symbolism is a disgrace and the fact it hasn't been changed is an endless frustration to the people whose business is attracting Black students and athletes to those institutions.
And so Greg Sankey, a true bureaucrat of an SEC commissioner whose tenure has been light on notable accomplishment and heavy on keeping the league's cash registers ringing, has made his move at this moment of national reckoning. He's threatened that the league could ban SEC championship events from being held in Mississippi unless its flag is changed, applying the kind of pressure that a college sports-crazed state can't ignore.
''Our students deserve an opportunity to learn and compete in environments that are inclusive and welcoming to all,'' Sankey said.
But if this is where the SEC is going to draw its line in the sand, if this is the moment when the league is going to wade into a gnarly, emotional political mess that is intertwined with a never-ending love for Confederate nostalgia, how can it not address the fact that one of its very own members is called the Ole Miss Rebels?
It's time to have that conversation.
It's time for a progressive, forward-thinking university that has desperately tried to strip away all connotations to the Confederacy while leaving the actual nickname intact do the right thing for the Black players who have brought so much acclaim and wealth to its athletic program. It's time for fans to stop playing footsie with the school's often terrible past and start thinking about how Black athletes will view that branding of ''Rebels'' in 15 years, in 30 years once this country finally and uniformly treats the losers of the Civil War as losers. It's time for the conference that distributed $45 million to Ole Miss last year to tell the school that its athletic branding is not '-- in its own words '-- ''inclusive and welcoming to all.''
Much to its credit, the University of Mississippi has taken significant steps in the last 25 years to bring its athletic department out of the dark ages of American history. The school banned the Confederate flag in the late 1990s. It dumped Colonel Reb, a caricature of a gentlemanly Southern plantation owner that used to roam the sidelines as its mascot. It banned playing any variation of ''Dixie.'' And at every step along the way, it endured complaints from fans who saw the school as dumping on tradition for the sake of political correctness.
Opinion:It's hard to see NFL, college football being played as usual this fall
Marching bands ponder pandemic performances:'Didn't cover this in ... how to be a band director classes'
But even with all that, Ole Miss remains on the wrong side of history because all of those accoutrements were born from the original sin of being named the Rebels, the meaning of which we should no longer go out of our way to sanitize.
The truth about Ole Miss is that it is a great school, located in a beautiful college town, filled with good people. And yet it is not the state flag of Mississippi that has, time and again, drawn racists to Oxford to use the school's platform as a way to demonstrate their evil.
This isn't ancient history. When the school got rid of ''From Dixie with Love'' from the band's playlist in 2009, the Ku Klux Klan showed up. There was an on-campus protest in 2012 the night President Barack Obama was re-elected. A former Ole Miss student went to jail for putting a noose around the statue of James Meredith, the school's first Black student, in 2014. More KKK rallies in 2015 and 2019 drew national attention, the latter of which inspired the Ole Miss basketball team to kneel during the national anthem.
People associated with Ole Miss will argue that these incidents are largely instigated by students from out of state or people that have nothing to do with the school. That may well be true. But doesn't it beg the question, why do the racists always go there to demonstrate? What draws them to that campus time and time again as though it's a shrine to their twisted ideology?
It's obvious what draws them. And it's obvious why it happens there and not at Alabama or Mississippi State or Georgia or any other SEC school with a complicated racial history.
Why is that worth preserving? Why is it important to fans of a football or basketball team to let the racists glom onto their athletic brand as a platform to spew their hate
It is impossible for the SEC to claim that student-athletes are threatened by a flag but not a nickname that is worn across their chest every single day. It is impossible for a school to strip away all the symbols and say they've done the hard work for racial reconciliation except for clearing the hurdle they still broadcast to the world. It is impossible for the Ole Miss Rebels to be moving in the same direction as American culture and the righteous arc of American history as long as they are the Ole Miss Rebels.
The #MNTwins removed the Calvin Griffith statue from Target Field this morning.
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:40
Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
Presidential Message on Juneteenth, 2020 | The White House
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:47
The First Lady and I send our warmest greetings to those celebrating Juneteenth this year.
On this day 155 years ago, African Americans in Texas first heard the righteous and long-overdue words of General Order Number 3: ''All slaves are free.'' These words confirmed for still-enslaved people in Texas that the Union Army would enforce and defend their freedom, announced nearly 3 years earlier by President Abraham Lincoln in his Emancipation Proclamation.
Juneteenth reminds us of both the unimaginable injustice of slavery and the incomparable joy that must have attended emancipation. It is both a remembrance of a blight on our history and a celebration of our Nation's unsurpassed ability to triumph over darkness. That ability is rooted in the fundamental goodness of America'--in the truths upon which we, as a Nation, declared an end to our status as the subjects of a monarch and emerged as a free and independent people: that all men are created equal by the hand of God, endowed by our Creator with the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These words form the heart of what Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., called the ''promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.'' The celebration of Juneteenth marks an important milestone in the hard-fought journey to make good on that promise for all Americans.
This Juneteenth, we commit, as one Nation, to live true to our highest ideals and to build always toward a freer, stronger country that values the dignity and boundless potential of all Americans.
Why Juneteenth has not yet become a national holiday in the US | Euronews
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 10:04
USA
euronews_icons_loading
On June 19, 1865, with fighting in the American Civil War largely over, a Union army general declared all slaves in Texas were now free.
The day, now known as Juneteenth, celebrates the official end of slavery in the United States '-- even though it was not officially abolished until the constitution was amended later that year.
Many people mark the day with outdoor festivals and parties.
The act of freeing slaves in Texas was a significant moment because the state was so remote and Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 had not been widely enforced there.
Dr Scot Brown, Associate Professor at UCLA's Department of African American Studies, told Euronews the day had become an opportunity to talk about what freedom means.
''The Confederacy was still at war with the Union and Texas was one of the last states to fall,'' he said.
''So even though there was a proclamation the Texas plantations weren't really forced to give up enslavement until roughly around this time of the year in 1865.''
Juneteenth is now an official holiday in Texas and unofficially observed across the United States, but campaigners have long believed it should be recognised by the federal government in a similar fashion to Independence Day or Labor Day.
This year, state governors in New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia recognised it as a paid day of leave for state employees.
It came after a month of demonstrations against racism and police brutality around the country following the death of George Floyd.
Brown said the protest had presented ''an opportunity for us to think about what freedom means for us today''.
He said: ''So are we talking about economic freedom, are we talking about questions of poverty, are we talking about issues of police brutality, are we talking about voting rights?
''All those things factor into how we think about what freedom means around this time of the year right now.''
But although the campaign for recognition is gaining traction and companies including Nike and Twitter have told staff it will be a permanent paid day off, it will take an Act of Congress to create a new federal holiday.
A tweet by New York congressional candidate Jamaal Bowman calling for Juneteenth to become a national holiday has been retweeted over 150,000 times.
California Assembly passes bill for ballot measure to repeal Proposition 209 | California | thecentersquare.com
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:21
On June 10, the California State Assembly passed a constitutional amendment to repeal Proposition 209, which received 54.55 percent of the vote in 1996. Proposition 209 prohibited the state from considering race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education or public contracting.
In California, a two-thirds vote is needed in each chamber of the California State Legislature to refer a constitutional amendment to the ballot for voter consideration. In the state Assembly, the vote was 60 to 14 '' seven votes above the two-thirds threshold. Democrats, along with one Republican and the chamber's one independent, supported the constitutional amendment. Fourteen Republicans opposed the constitutional amendment.
Asm. Shirley Weber (D-79), chairwoman of the Legislative Black Caucus, is the principal sponsor of the constitutional amendment in the state Legislature. Asm. Weber stated, ''The ongoing pandemic, as well as recent tragedies of police violence, is forcing Californians to acknowledge the deep-seated inequality and far-reaching institutional failures that show that your race and gender still matter.'' Asm. Weber said that the constitutional amendment is about ''equal opportunity for all and investment in our communities.''
Asm. Steven S. Choi (R-68), one of the Republicans who voted against the amendment, said, ''Repealing Proposition 209, enacted by voters 24 years ago, is to repeal the prohibition of judgment based on race, sex, color, ethnicity and national origin. We are talking about legalizing racism and sexism.''
To appear on the ballot for November 3, 2020, the California State Senate needs to pass the constitutional amendment by June 25. At least 27 votes will be needed in the state Senate. Democrats control 29 of the Senate seats, while Republicans hold 11 seats.
As of June 11, no legislative referrals have been placed on the November ballot in California, but 10 have passed at least one chamber. Amendments related to sports betting and remote legislative proceedings are also being considered before the June 25 deadline.
'' The Center Square
(22) Caleb Hull on Twitter: "Rick Wilson's wife, Molly, just rage DMed me claiming the photos of their confederate ''THE SOUTH WILL RISE AGAIN'' cooler is fake. I sent her the instagram link, which is still live, and then nuked her. It all started whe
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:44
Log in Sign up Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Hey
@TheRickWilson, why did you delete this?
pic.twitter.com/DkeyTDiYo9 View photo · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull HAHA he blocked me after this
pic.twitter.com/juXBJy8FeO View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@TheRickWilson Hi
@TheRickWilson, not sure if you realize, but your wife posted this on Instagram. May want to delete that one too!
pic.twitter.com/ISg1xUVS1u View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@MSNBC ''THE SOUTH WILL RISE AGAIN'' is what the cooler says on the top. Great work
@MSNBC this is your hero.
View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull She didn't deny it 🤷🏼''‚¸
pic.twitter.com/z4i7BMh0hF View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@TheRickWilson Hi
@TheRickWilson, I know you're desperately deleting pictures of your confederate ''THE SOUTH WITH RISE AGAIN'' cooler you have, but it looks like you missed one.That thing goes everywhere with you, huh?
pic.twitter.com/LjxRP6jt2Y View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull OMG the confederate cooler.
pic.twitter.com/5TMyIdBHIz View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull The confederate cooler has pissed Rick and Molly (his wife) off so much that she is now claiming the photo of the cooler is fake.The only problem is that the photo is still on Rick's own instagram, which is public. Archive link:
web.archive.org/web/2020061704'...twitter.com/flmolly/status'... View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull Replying to @CalebJHull Rick Wilson's wife, Molly, just rage DMed me claiming the photos of their confederate ''THE SOUTH WILL RISE AGAIN'' cooler is fake.I sent her the instagram link, which is still live, and then nuked her.It all started when he tried to cancel Domino's.RIP Rick and Molly Wilson
pic.twitter.com/2iT3nNtZNT 9:48 PM - 16 Jun 2020 from Arlington, VA
Twitter by: Caleb Hull @CalebJHull Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull OH, YOU THOUGHT THIS SAGA WAS OVER? NOPEEEEERick Wilson's wife continued to DM me then admitting that the photo of the confederate cooler was *NOT* fake as she previously claimed.After I responded, she blocked me. ðŸƒ
pic.twitter.com/ew53fsBBsN View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 16 Replying to
@TheRickWilson @flmolly Hi
@TheRickWilson +
@flmolly, the last photo of your confederate cooler (that you claimed was fake) just magically disappeared off of Instagram, but I wouldn't want you to lose it, so I archived it for you!👉
archive.vn/nhgfC pic.twitter.com/2Lnptaoo1U View conversation · Caleb Hull @ CalebJHull
Jun 17 Replying to
@CalebJHull Owned.
pic.twitter.com/VVdaWkeINY View conversation · Highly Offensive' @ smuganon
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull @almostjingo Did the convo go something like this?
pic.twitter.com/IshUT7JZXl View conversation · Octavius @ Octavius_Julii
Jun 16 Replying to
@smuganon @CalebJHull @almostjingo She's an angry elf.
View conversation · Krian Brassenstein @ KBrassenstein
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull Check these out
twitter.com/KBrassenstein/'...twitter.com/KBrassenstein/'... View conversation · Gato is Pineapple Pizza Campaign @ carlosj0074
Jun 17 Replying to
@KBrassenstein @CalebJHull Holy shit this made my morning!
pic.twitter.com/Sd9MVIts64 View conversation · Jinxkee @ Jinxkee1
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull They never expected the cancel culture to turn on them. ðŸ‚ðŸ‚
View conversation · TomAU86 @ TomAU86
Jun 17 Replying to
@Jinxkee1 @CalebJHull They never do. But it always will.
View conversation · Lady L. North @ LadyLNorth
Jun 16 Replying to
@CalebJHull This is my favorite thing on Twitter right now.
View conversation · Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
Settings Help Back to top ·
Turn images off
USA Today Pushed Leftist Event Calling for Boycotts of Businesses Not Supporting BLM | Newsbusters
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:51
The media continue to take the knee to Black Lives Matter. USA Today pushed a leftist event calling for people to boycott companies that don't support the movement.
The story, headlined '''Boycott for Black Lives': People plan to stop spending in companies that don't support BLM,'' said that ''As Juneteenth approaches, some Americans are commemorating the day by flexing the power of the dollar.'' USA Today continued: ''On June 19, advocates of Black Lives Matter plan to support the namesake civil rights movement by not spending money with companies that aren't aligned with the movement or have remained silent.''
The article linked out to a random Facebook event headlined, ''Boycott For Black Lives #BoycottForBlackLives.'' USA Today said that the Facebook event ''will feature a list of public figures and organizations people can boycott.''
The Facebook event page stated that the event occurred at 12:00 am today. According to Facebook, fewer than 500 people attended as of the publication of this article.
The paper even linked out to the boycott4blacklives group's Instagram page. USA Today said, ''the administrators posted businesses it accused of supporting 'anti-Black' policies.'' The Instagram post the paper used as an example lashed out at CVS corporate and its associated PAC for allegedly donating ''$535,000 in 2017 to political organizations that support Trump.''
Co-organizer for Boycott for Black Lives Carmie Basnight told USA Today:
'Our overall objective is to encourage companies and people to stop participating in anti-Black behavior, and we're doing this by withholding our dollars and protesting with our pockets '... Our hope is that companies will acknowledge the strength of Black people's buying power, as well as our collective buying power with our allies.'
The paper was sure to tell readers how successful BLM boycotts could be by citing University of Maryland Professor of Marketing Amna Kirmani, who said that, '''The effectiveness varies in terms of how many people get involved and how long it lasts,' according to Amna Kirmani, professor of marketing at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland.'' The paper noted that ''Kirmani said the boycotts related to Black Lives Matter have the potential to be successful for a number of reasons.'' [Emphasis added.]
A prominent newspaper promoting these kinds of events could definitely help.
USA Today also elevated how ''Facebook groups such as Boycott the Silent Ones create communities to discuss and vote on the companies users should boycott and hold accountable for their silence regarding the Black Lives Matter movement.''
MRC Business Reader,
The media are hard at work weaving a web of confusion, misinformation, and conspiracy surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic.
MRC Business' mission is to defend free enterprise while exposing dishonest media coverage of business and the economy. MRC Business intently focuses on combating the media's pro-big government, anti-business bias in the fields of economics, energy, environmentalism, regulation, and labor.
But we can't do it alone. We are part of the only organization purely dedicated to this critical mission and we need your help to fuel this fight.
Donate today to help MRC Business continue to document and expose liberal media bias. $15 a month goes a long way in the fight for a free and fair media.
And now, thanks to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, you can make up to a $300 gift to the 501(c)(3) non-profit organization of your choice and use it as a tax deduction on your 2020 taxes, even if you take the standard deduction on your returns.
- The MRC Business Team
DONATEConnect
Sign up for #FreeSpeechAmerica Weekly newsletter to receive business and tech news.
Chick-Fil-A CEO Dan Cathy shines rapper Lecrae's shoes after saying white people should show 'shame' for racism -- Society's Child -- Sott.net
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:21
(C) Passion City Church Chick-Fil-A CEO Dan Cathy is seen here shining Christian rapper Lecrae's shoes on Sunday.
The CEO of Chick-Fil-A shined a black rapper's shoes on Sunday and said white people should feel ashamed for "our silence."
Speaking on a panel discussion at the Passion City Church in Atlanta, Georgia, with Christian rapper Lecrae and Louie Giglio, the church's founder, Dan Cathy said of racial injustice: "Most of us, white people, we're out-of-sight, out-of-mind oblivious to it."
Cathy, the son of Chick-Fil-A founder S Truett Cathy, added: "We cannot let this moment pass."
"Our silence is so huge at this time. We cannot be silent. Somebody has to fight and God has so blessed our city, but it's shameful how we let things get so out of whack."
The CEO said roughly a dozen Chick-Fil-A restaurants had been vandalized in the last week as protests broke out across the US in the wake of the police killings of George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks.
Floyd, a 46-year-old unarmed black man, died after former cop Derek Chauvin kneeled on the back of his neck for close to nine minutes in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on May 25.
Brooks, also an unarmed black man, was fatally shot at a Wendy's in Atlanta last Friday after police were called to the restaurant about a car blocking the drive-thru lane.
Cathy said of the subsequent vandalism that his "plea would be for the white people, rather than point fingers at that kind of criminal effort, would be to see the level of frustration and exasperation and almost the sense of hopelessness that exists on some of those activists within the African American community."
The CEO said that after starting relevant conversations with Chick-Fil-A employees, including at the corporate office, there were "conscious and unconscious biases" '-- which he said made black employees feel like they weren't "treated with honor, dignity, and respect."
"We as Caucasians, until we're willing to just pick up the baton and fight for our black, African American brothers and sisters, which they are as one human race, we're shameful."
He continued: "We're just adding to it."
As he spoke about taking action for the black community, he shined Lecrae's shoes during the panel discussion.
"Any expressions of a contrite heart, of a sense of humility, a sense of shame, a sense of embarrassment ... an apologetic heart, I think that's what our world needs to hear today."
Chick-Fil-A has come under fire for its owners' record on LGBT issues.
The fast-food chain has faced opposition over donating millions over the years to groups that oppose same-sex marriage.
In 2012, Catchy criticized same-sex marriage '-- prompting some politicians to block the chain from expanding in certain areas.
The word 'black' to get a capital B in media reports about black people. - Michael Smith News
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:44
17-03-92 Locals concerned the Accident and Death Fund was being used to buy property and office equipment with the funds they paid into the fund. 18-03-92 Boulder fund suspended 15-05-92 Bruce Wilson and Julia Gillard go to a meeting with the miners in Kalgoorlie 18-05-92 AWU announce it is taking over the fund at Boulder paper article 13-02-93 Contract of sale signed by Bruce Wilson 13-02-93 Purchase of 85 Kerr Street Fitzroy by Julia Gillard and B Wilson who attended the Auction 13-02-93 blewitt-getting-his-addres.html Purchase of 85 Kerr Street Fitzroy by Julia Gillard and Bruce Wilson who attended the Auction 15-02-93 Letter to Slater & Gordon about the 1/85 Kerr Street sale 15-02-93 Ralph Blewitt is appointed Western Australian Branch Secretary in the week 15 to 19 February 16-02-93 Olive Brosnan and Heidi chasing up the Power of Attorney - notes 17-02-93 Olive Brosnan makes this further note regarding Heidi, a sales person with the Real Estate firm GA Thomson. Note that Heidi returns the call and says that she will let Olive Brosnan have the original Power of Attorney (when she gets it?) and will need a certified copy in return 22-02-93 Slater and Gordon acknowledges that it has received the Contract of Sale, Section 32 Statement and the Power of Attorney from GA Thomson. 23-02-93 Olive Brosnan certifies Power of Attorney 3-03-93 A memo from Sylvia to Olive Brosnan about the application for the loan for Ralph Blewitt and the Kerr Street property 4-03-93 Letter/fax from Hewitt & Company stating Ralph Blewitt Wages Ref VB/CS 9-03-93 Memo to Olive Brosnan from Sylvia about the loan approval and the return of the chq for $500 from Ralph Blewitt's personal account 10-03-93 Letter from Slater & Gordon addressed to Ralph Blewitt explaining mortgage details Page 1, Page 2, Page 3 10-03-93 Memo Julia Gillard wants details of penalty interest rates 12-03-93 Memo to Julia Gillard from Olive Brosnan about penalty interest rates 17-03-93 Memo of fees for house - Bill of costs 18-03-93 Letter to Ralph Blewitt requesting Cheque for $67,772.30 18-03-93 The cheque for $67,772.30 22-03-93 Settlement date for Kerr Street purchase 23-03-93 Land Transfer document 31-03-94 Dawesville project costs Aug-Sept 94 Julia Gillard went on holidays while Bruce Wilson organised house renovations Aug-Sept 94 Interview with Slater & Gordon about the Renovations 6-02-95 New bank accounts for Construction Fund 17-02-95 AWU-FIME amalgamate (2 Victorian Branches) 12-04-95 Cheque from AWU WRAI account $46,550 27-04-95 Cheque for $15000 - $10 000 for K Spyridis and $5000 cash 30-06-95 AWU went back to central funding arrangements 25-07-95 Letter from Robert Smith (AWU) to Ian Cambridge and Steve Harrison about the unknown AWU bank accounts 27-07-95 Letter to the National Executives about the freezing of the accounts 2-08-95 Union National Finance committee meet to discuss what was going on start of investigations into the frozen accounts 4-08-95 Bob Smith wrote to Ian Cambridge to say the AWU was going to charge Bruce Wilson 10-08-95 Ian Cambridge visits QC Richard Kenzie from Maurice Blackburn for discussions to fix it (get union money back) 14-08-95 Internal Review into Julia Gillard's involvement of the AWU -WRA and she is put on restricted duties 14/15 Aug 95 Other Joint secretaries of the Unions paid out the signatories of the accounts - hand writing on the cheques Link 1 Link 2 16-08-95 Bruce Wilson redundancy cheque $55,204 17-08-95 Letter to stop the cheques Ian Cambridge 17/18 Aug 95 All accounts were closed bar 2 general and grants accounts and redundancies given out 18-08-95 Affidavit - Bill Ludwig - Bruce Wilson get sprung 11-09-95 Julia Gillard interviewed by Geoff Shaw, Peter Gordon and Nick Styant-Browne at Slater and Gordon - It's recorded and she goes on leave of Absence until May 96 (WA AWU-WRA not yet discovered by AWU yet) 31-01-96 Ian Cambridge addresses AWU Qld Branch meeting 3-04-96 Ian Cambridge talked with Commonwealth Bank - Diary entry - Discovery of Workplace Reform Association INC. WA branch 6-05-96 Discovery of Accounts in AWU name by Ian Cambridge letter from Commonwealth Bank 7-05-96 Fax from Com bank listing the accounts in the AWU name - for Ian Cambridge 1-06-96 Newspaper article about Joe Trio and the AWU fraud article from sometime in 1996 3-06-96 Ian Cambridge received bank records after the discussions with the bank back in April Ian Cambridge spoke to AWU Officials in Perth and they never heard of the Workplace Reform Association Inc. 5-07-96 Diary entry Ian Cambridge - spoke to Branch Official Russell Frearson about the $400,000 going through the account 31-07-96 Geoff Shaw Slater & Gordon General Manager gets Subpoena to supply all documents relating to purchase of 1/85 Kerr Street 13-08-96 Court proceeding where Geoff Shaw is to produce the documents from the Subpeona Link 1, Link 2 6-01-97 Memo from Investigating Detective Dave McAlpine about the AWU fraud 6-02-97 Memo to fraud squad from Theiss stating they hadn't been defrauded Link 1, Link 2, Link 3, Link 4 17-02-98 Memo fraud squad about Theiss - Ralph Blewitt said Theiss auditors required that the WRA needed to be Inc.
Johnson & Johnson drops skin-whitening creams
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:49
By Martinne Geller
LONDON (Reuters) - Johnson & Johnson has decided to stop selling skin-whitening creams popular in Asia and the Middle East, it said on Friday, after such products have come under renewed social pressure in recent weeks amid a global debate about racial inequality.
Johnson & Johnson will stop selling its Clean & Clear Fairness line of products, sold in India, a spokeswoman told Reuters. It was reported earlier this month that it would drop its Neutrogena Fine Fairness line, available in Asia and the Middle East.
"Conversations over the past few weeks highlighted that some product names or claims on our dark spot reducer products represent fairness or white as better than your own unique skin tone," Johnson & Johnson said. "This was never our intention '' healthy skin is beautiful skin."
The healthcare company said it would no longer produce or ship the products, but that they might still appear on store shelves until stocks run out.
Creams that promise to lighten or brighten skin are marketed primarily to women by the world's biggest personal care companies, including Unilever, Procter & Gamble and L'Oreal under their respective brands Fair & Lovely, Olay and Garnier. Those companies did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
About 6,277 tonnes of skin lightener were sold worldwide last year, according to Euromonitor International, including products marketed as anti-aging creams targeting dark spots or freckles.
(Restores dropped word "Johnson" in first paragraph)
(Additional reporting by Siddharth Cavale in Bengaluru; editing by Jonathan Oatis and Dan Grebler)
Ford Motor Pushes Back Debut of Its New Bronco to Avoid Link to OJ Simpson - Sputnik International
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:50
US00:43 GMT 20.06.2020(updated 00:45 GMT 20.06.2020) Get short URL
Former football legend and actor OJ Simpson is notorious for his internationally-publicized trial, often referred to as ''the trial of the century'', for the 1994 murders his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and a friend, Ron Goldman.
Ford Motor Company will reschedule the launch date of its new Bronco, set to take place on 9 July, to avoid unwanted controversy, as the ''unintentionally'' chosen date coincides with the 73rd birthday of former football legend and actor Orenthal James Simpson, better known by the initials OJ.
The automaker said that the debut date ''unintentionally coincided'' with the birthday of the infamous sports star, who is best known for being tried for two high-profile murders in the 1990s and also for a televised chase in which he drove his Ford Bronco around the highways of Los Angeles for hours flanked by a squadron of Los Angeles police including helicopters, intending to arrest him.
The release of the new Ford mid-sized SUV is now set for Monday, 13 July.
''The reveal of the all-new Ford Bronco lineup will now happen on Monday, July 13. The previous targeted date of July 9 unintentionally coincided with OJ Simpson's birthday,'' Ford's public relations chief Mark Truby announced on Friday.UPDATE: The reveal of the all-new Ford Bronco lineup will now happen on Monday, July 13. The previous targeted date of July 9 unintentionally coincided with O.J. Simpson's birthday. We wanted to be sensitive and respectful of this concern.
'-- Mark Truby (@mtruby) June 19, 2020The official added that the company ''wanted to be sensitive and respectful of this concern''.
In 1994, OJ Simpson was accused of murdering his former spouse, Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend, Ron Goldman. In 1995, he was acquitted of the charges after a lengthy trial, characterized as ''the trial of the century'', because of its international publicity.
In a 1997 civil suit two years later, Simpson was found guilty for the wrongful deaths.
In fall 2007, the former footballer published a book titled 'If I Did It', in which he put forth a hypothetical alternate description of the two murders.
Confronting Colonial Statues | Culture Clash | Euronews
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:10
The 60th anniversary of the end of Belgian rule in the Congo is fast approaching, but Black Lives Matter protests have raised uncomfortable questions about monuments to colonial ruler L(C)opold II.
The Congo basin was colonised in the name of the Belgian king, who then took ownership of the 'Congo Free State' as his personal property.
Under his regime an estimated 10-15 million Congolese people died. Torture, forced labour and mutilation were all tools used to subjugate the people there.
However, to the Belgians L(C)opold II has long been presented as a glorious king. Statues erected years after his death place him high on a podium, staring confidently out on horseback.
Calls for these statues to be removed have grown since they were defaced in the recent Black Lives Matter protests in Brussels.
However, others see this as an attempt to whitewash history. Prince Laurent of Belgium, himself a direct descendant of L(C)opold, has defended the monuments suggesting that the king himself never visited the Congo.
A campaign to change the curriculum in the country has gained pace, with the education minister promising to expand what is taught to children about the realities of the Congo Free State.
How to Remove Racist Statue | Physics of Taking Down Statues
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:06
It hasn't been a great past few weeks for statues.
From Bristol, England to Birmingham, Alabama, people all over the world have been grappling with the legacy of racism by tossing their grappling hooks around the heads of problematic monuments.
Should you happen to find yourself near a statue that you decide you no longer like, we asked scientists for the best, safest ways to bring it to the ground without anyone getting hurt'--except, of course, for the inanimate racist who's been dead for a century anyway.
'š ¸This article is being presented only to describe the physics and mechanics of removing statues, in light of national attention being drawn to the removal of Confederate monuments and statues. Popular Mechanics is not encouraging anyone to remove any statues. There is a risk of injury whenever you try to remove or destroy a statue, even if you were to apply information presented in this article.
1. The Physical ApproachThe force required to pull down a statue isn't as great as you think, says mechanical engineer Scott Holland. Most statues are bronze, using an alloy of 90 percent copper and 10 percent tin and a maximum thickness of 3/16 of an inch. The Statue of Liberty's copper sheeting is only 3/32 of an inch thick, for comparison.
Holland says your average statue of a person tops out at around 3,500 pounds. (FYI: A horse statue is approximately 7,000 pounds.) Meanwhile, the OSHA-mandated upper force limit for horizontal pulling per person is 50 pounds of force'--''but that's for working every day,'' he says, ''so you could probably do twice that.''
At 100 pounds of force, then, we're talking about a 35-person job to drag the statue, Holland says. But to pull it down, ''let's assume twice the force'--so you'll need twice as many people.'' So before you start toppling, you'd better recruit 70 buddies with a bit of muscle.
Now that you have your crew, you'll need the right tools. Holland suggests grabbing a few 4x4 recovery straps, which can be rated to over 32,000 pounds and are far less cumbersome than a chain. Once you're properly equipped, you want to get leverage, Holland says, ''so you need to get the straps around the head or the neck [of the statue].''
To break the statue from its base, split into two teams on either side and work in a back-and-forth motion. Most statues are attached to the base by 2 to 3 feet of rebar, so you'll actually be breaking it at the bronze above the rebar'--not the rebar itself, says Holland. (That's steel.) ''When the U.S. took down that statue of Saddam Hussein, you can see it folds at that spot where the rebar is in the base of it,'' he says.
U.S. troops topple a statue of Saddam Hussein in Baghdad, Iraq on April 9, 2003. Gilles BASSIGNAC Getty Images
Let's say you can't find 70 friends. If you still want to attempt this with a smaller removal squad, you have to weaken the monument itself. That's where temperature comes in.
Yield strength changes a lot with temperature. A 90 percent copper/10 percent tin statue, for example, will have a yield strength at room temperature of 31.4 megapascals'--that's compared to 275 MPa for 6061 aluminum'--''so structurally,'' Holland says, ''it's not hard to break.''
Engineering Toolbox
With 35 people, you need to cut the statue's yield strength in half by heating it up. And how do you do that? For a bronze statue, your target temperature is around 450 degrees Celsius, or 842 degrees Fahrenheit. ''You could use a butane torch,'' says Holland, ''but it would be much quicker with a propane torch. Those burn hotter. You'll be there for 15 to 20 minutes, but it's a lot easier.''
Just make sure you use the proper protective equipment and look to see that nobody is underneath the statue when it falls. That means using a long rope to make sure the first person on the rope is farther away from the statue than the statue is tall. Use this handy Pythagorean triangle calculator to help figure that out.
Protesters in Bristol, England throw a statue of slave trader Edward Colston into the harbor on June 7, 2020. Ben Birchall - PA Images Getty Images
2. The Chemical ApproachMaybe you're operating with an even smaller team'--or toppling the statue all by yourself. In that case, your best bet is melting the damn thing. So let's make a thermite reaction.
''The formula is very simple,'' says Chris Harrison, a chemistry professor at San Diego State University. ''It's 3:1 by mass of rust and aluminum powder. You mix those together and use a piece of magnesium to use as a high temperature fuse. And if you don't have one, you could use a sparkler.''
The melting point of the hypothetical bronze statue is 1,742 degrees Fahrenheit, but even if you come across a racist cast in copper (melting point: 1,984 degrees), you can still easily melt both with thermite, as it burns at 2,500 degrees.
While thermite might burn nearly half as hot as the sun, it isn't explosive. ''You could pack the thermite around [the statue's] ankles using a plastic or metal bucket with the base removed,'' Harrison says. ''You could invert the halves of the bucket and place them on either side of the feet, and then pour in the thermite, packing it down as best as possible. The more open space there is, the less efficient the reaction will be.''
A statue depicting Christopher Columbus is seen with its head removed on June 10, 2020 in Boston. Tim Bradbury Getty Images
Once you melt the statue's ankles, it should just fall over, Harrison says, as that metal likely supports everything above it.
If you're out of sparklers, snag some liquid nitrogen from a distributor like Airgas or Praxair. Then, drill a hole in the statue and pour the nitrogen inside to shatter the ankles.
Or you could combine the two, says Harrison. ''If the liquid nitrogen is above the height of the thermite, you'll have some very cold metal, right next to some metal getting very hot,'' he says. ''This should induce a lot of thermal strain, likely causing the metal to crack in that region.''
Just keep that hole way above your thermite, or you'll be spraying incredibly hot molten metal into the air.
And here's a fun bonus: The liquid nitrogen will quickly turn to a gas and come shooting out of that hole you drilled, says Harrison, which will almost certainly cause a high-pitched squeal. ''One could imagine it sounding something like the sound a confederate general would make if their feet were on fire.''
This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io
This commenting section is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page. You may be able to find more information on their web site.
Eskimo Pie to Drop Derogatory Name, Dreyer's Says - WSJ
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:01
Ice cream treat, patented in 1922, follows Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben's in promising to change its brand
The owner of Eskimo Pie treats said it would change the name of the nearly century-old ice cream brand because the term is derogatory, following similar moves this week by the makers of Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben's.
''We are committed to being a part of the solution on racial equality, and recognize the term is derogatory,'' Elizabell Marquez, head of marketing for Dreyer's Grand Ice Cream, said in a statement.
Dreyer's...
The owner of Eskimo Pie treats said it would change the name of the nearly century-old ice cream brand because the term is derogatory, following similar moves this week by the makers of Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben's.
''We are committed to being a part of the solution on racial equality, and recognize the term is derogatory,'' Elizabell Marquez, head of marketing for Dreyer's Grand Ice Cream, said in a statement.
Dreyer's is the U.S. subsidiary of Froneri, a joint venture between Nestl(C) SA and private equity company PAI Partners.
The term Eskimo is a disparaging term for the indigenous people of the Arctic regions of northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland and Siberia.
The Eskimo Pie, invented in 1920, was America's first chocolate-covered vanilla ice cream bar, according to the Smithsonian Institution. Its inventor, Christian K. Nelson, formed a partnership with chocolatier Russell C. Stover, who came up with the name.
The brand's name and images'--including a person wearing a fur-trimmed parka'--were intended to evoke the chilly north and the indigenous people who lived there, according to the Smithsonian.
The founders in 1922 patented their invention and its moniker. They sold their stakes in the business in the years after the product rocketed to popularity.
In the 1950s, Mr. Nelson also patented an ''Eskimo Machine'' that squeezed out ice cream in the correct dimensions to be cut into bars'--a faster process than the previous method of using molds.
The ice cream business was acquired by United States Foil Company, which made its wrapper and later became Reynolds Metals. In 1992, it was spun off in a public offering and was acquired by Dreyer's in 2007.
Folgers Trolled Into Releasing Pro-BLM Statement Over ''Black Coffee''
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:45
Media commentator Mark Dice recently trolled American coffee company Folgers into releasing a statement in support of Black Lives Matter.
Calling out the dark color of the iconic company's flagship product, coffee, Dice last Friday facetiously asked why they had yet to release a tweet in support of the black community.
''@Folgers Your coffee may be black, but do you support Black Lives Matter?'' Dice asked the company on Twitter.
@Folgers Your coffee may be black, but do you support Black Lives Matter? I don't see a tweet showing solidarity with the black community in this time of need like so many other brands have done. This is very surprising and upsetting.
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 13, 2020
''I don't see a tweet showing solidarity with the black community in this time of need like so many other brands have done.''
''This is very surprising and upsetting,'' he added.
Sensing they could face the wrath of a liberal mob, Folgers felt compelled to respond to Dice:
We unequivocally denounce racism, intolerance, bias, violence and injustice. We firmly stand alongside and compassionately support those who experience racism, live in fear of falling victim to injustice or are in despair during this painful time.
'-- Folgers (@Folgers) June 13, 2020
We unequivocally denounce racism, intolerance, bias, violence and injustice. We firmly stand alongside and compassionately support those who experience racism, live in fear of falling victim to injustice or are in despair during this painful time.
Unfortunately, the statement didn't appease Dice, who wanted the company to go even further.
Sadly, these are just words. Have you helped Al Sharpton pay off his income taxes, or donated to any other social justice warriors like Ice Cube who are on the front lines fighting against whiteness? If not, then there's really no point in you even tweeting.
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 13, 2020
''Sadly, these are just words,'' Dice told the coffee maker. ''Have you helped Al Sharpton pay off his income taxes, or donated to any other social justice warriors like Ice Cube who are on the front lines fighting against whiteness? If not, then there's really no point in you even tweeting.''
Dice has been on a roll lately trolling numerous multi-million dollar corporations that have nothing to do with racial injustice into virtue-signaling their support for black people.
''@Sharpie You make black markers, but I can't see if you support Black Lives Matter,'' Dice tweeted at the permanent marker company. ''What are you doing to help end racism in the marker industry, or do you not care?''
@Sharpie You make black markers, but I can't see if you support Black Lives Matter.
Most brands have a pinned tweet apologizing for the death of George Floyd.
What are you doing to help end racism in the marker industry, or do you not care?
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 17, 2020
''What exactly is @cheezit doing to help fight racism in the cheese industry?'' Dice asked the Kellogg-owned snack food maker.
What exactly is @cheezit doing to help fight racism in the cheese industry?
Unlike most other food brands, your company hasn't posted an apology for George Floyd's death, not even a word!
I've probably eaten 200 pounds of Cheez-Its in my life & this is how you thank me?
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 16, 2020
''I've probably eaten 200 pounds of Cheez-Its in my life & this is how you thank me?'' he added.
He also asked candy brands Skittles and Starburst why they haven't produced black candies ''to show solidarity'' with the black community.
''With everything going on, you would think @Starburst candy would have a Black Starburst to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter, but they don't,'' Dice jokingly lamented. ''It could be a blackberry, licorice, or prune. Plenty of options would work, but apparently Starburst doesn't care.''
With everything going on, you would think @Starburst candy would have a Black Starburst to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter, but they don't.
It could be a blackberry, licorice, or prune. Plenty of options would work, but apparently Starburst doesn't care.
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 17, 2020
Did I miss @Skittles plan to end racism in the candy industry, or are they going to continue to ignore what's right in front of them?
Please forgive me if I missed it, but I didn't see your apology for George Floyd's death or your commitment to black lives matter.
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 16, 2020
@KITKAT Your candy may be brown, but do you support brown PEOPLE?
I can't buy another KitKat unless I know for 100% that you have apologized for George Floyd's death,
and I haven't seen your company's plan to help end racism in the candy industry.
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 17, 2020
@Hostess_Snacks Have you considered a special edition Black Lives Matter Hostess Cupcake to help fight racism?
Think of how powerful that would be! The cupcakes are *already* black! Everyone at the grocery store would see them too!
Or do you not support Black Lives Matter?
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 17, 2020
In a brilliant stroke of genius, Dice also directed his fake outrage toward retail store Bed Bath and Beyond, telling them their listing of white sheets is racist as its the KKK's go-to fabric.
Excuse me @BedBathBeyond, but with white sheets having such a history of racism, for example being the very fabric the KKK uses to make their uniforms, don't you think it's time to stop selling them? There are plenty of other colors available. Why still sell the racist ones?
'-- Mark Dice (@MarkDice) June 16, 2020
''Excuse me @BedBathBeyond , but with white sheets having such a history of racism, for example being the very fabric the KKK uses to make their uniforms, don't you think it's time to stop selling them? There are plenty of other colors available. Why still sell the racist ones?''
Dice's trolling efforts come as many popular food brands including Aunt Jemima are facing scrutiny and overhauls for featuring black mascots, despite their foods playing no role in the current discussion on racial inequality.
Follow the author on Gab: https://gab.ai/adansalazar
On Twitter: Follow @AdanSalazarWins
On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/adan.salazar.735
On Minds: https://www.minds.com/adan_infowars
Alex Jones breaks down the origins of the term 'Quisling' and how it came to represent the current elites attempting to sell out their countries and people to a globalist engineered collapse.
Help your body reach its peak with the simple and convenient 8-Pack Power Stack supplement system now at 70% off!
Abolishing 1492 - American Renaissance
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:43
The world-wide expansion of the white race during the four centuries between 1500 and 1900 is the most prodigious phenomenon in all recorded history. . . This white expansion becomes doubly interesting when we realize how sudden was its inception and how rapid its evolution. A single decade before the voyage of Columbus, he would have been a bold prophet who should have predicted this high destiny. '-- Lothrop Stoddard, The Rising Tide of Color, 1920
A century after Stoddard wrote these words, the spirit of 1492 is under assault everywhere. That year, after hundreds of years of conflict, Spain finally expelled the last Muslim invaders and unified its own squabbling regional factions. Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, and began a golden age for Western man, defined by expansion, enrichment, and progress. Half a millennium later, Islam has returned to Europe, factionalism has returned to Spain and elsewhere in the continent, and the descendants of white expansion face serious demographic and political threats wherever they are. An attack on Columbus '-- this symbol of European man and his Faustian spirit '-- is an attack on all of us.
The remaining base of where before a statue of Christopher Columbus stood forms the stage for a Black Lives Matter protest rally organized by Black Men Rising, in Camden, NJ on June 13, 2020. (Credit Image: (C) Bastiaan Slabbers / NurPhoto via ZUMA Press)
What's left of a statue of Christopher Columbus lays party next to a city owned flatbed truck after a crew removed the statue from its base at Farnham Park in Camden, NJ on June 13, 2020. (Credit Image: (C) Bastiaan Slabbers / NurPhoto via ZUMA Press)
June 13, 2020, Camden, New Jersey. (Credit Image: (C) Bastiaan Slabbers / NurPhoto via ZUMA Press)
Better words · Issue #12089 · openssl/openssl
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:27
Join GitHub todayGitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.
Sign up Conversation Replace "blacklist" with "block list."Replace "black magic" comments with "magic"To minimize false positives, replace "white space" with "whitespace" andteach find-doc-nits to prefer the latter.Replaced "master" DRBG with "parent."  Fixed some markup with <private>in some DRBG pages; use I<private>, etc.  Looking for master findsmany false positives because of TLS concepts like "master key" and such,but I believe I fixed all. Add this suggestion to a batch that can be applied as a single commit. This suggestion is invalid because no changes were made to the code. Suggestions cannot be applied while the pull request is closed. Suggestions cannot be applied while viewing a subset of changes. Only one suggestion per line can be applied in a batch. Add this suggestion to a batch that can be applied as a single commit. Applying suggestions on deleted lines is not supported. You must change the existing code in this line in order to create a valid suggestion. This suggestion has been applied or marked resolved. Suggestions cannot be applied from pending reviews. Suggestions cannot be applied on multi-line comments. You can't perform that action at this time.
Junipero Serra statue toppled in downtown L.A. - Los Angeles Times
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:49
Activists toppled a statue of Junipero Serra from its post at Placita Olvera in downtown Los Angeles on Saturday. It was the latest carved or sculpted figure of the 18th century Roman Catholic priest to be knocked down or moved across California in recent days.
Video footage tweeted by L.A. Taco showed a group of people tugging on a rope tied to the statue, bringing it to the ground. The tweet identified the group as acting in solidarity with a Black Lives Matter protest that was taking place. Other photos showed the head and hands of the fallen statue splattered with what red paint.
, along with Francis Scott Key and President Ulysses S. Grant, in Golden Gate Park. Earlier this week, Ventura officials announced they were removing a statue of Serra from in front of Ventura City Hall and would have it ''moved to a more appropriate non-public location.''
Serra, born on the Spanish island of Mallorca in 1713, is a controversial figure in California, particularly among indigenous tribes.
The Franciscan priest founded nine of 21 missions throughout the state and is perhaps the person most responsible for spreading Roman Catholicism into the Western United States, which then was Spanish territory.
Serra's mission system was responsible for the destruction of several tribes, often through the introduction of foreign diseases. Tribes that did survive, such as the Chumash, still suffered greatly and were often forced into building the missions.
The mission system not only pressured indigenous peoples into becoming Catholic, but pressured them to assimilate and lose their cultural ways.
Activists begin to topple the statue of Father Junipero Serra at Father Serra Park in El Pueblo de Los ngeles in downtown Los Angeles.
(Gary Coronado/Los Angeles Times)
Despite this history, Los Angeles Archbishop Jos(C) G"mez referred to Serra as one of his ''spiritual heroes.'' Pope Francis canonized him a saint in 2015.
Still, the legacies of the priest and other historical figures are being freshly reevaluated in the midst of a cultural reckoning that has led many to criticize such monuments as tributes to colonialism and white supremacy.
In the last few days, a likeness of explorer Christopher Columbus was also taken down in San Francisco, while a statue of California Gold Rush colonizer John Sutter was defaced and then removed in Sacramento.
Amazon Studios Buys Stacey Abrams Voting Rights Documentary '' Variety
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:04
Amazon Studios has acquired worldwide rights to an untitled voting rights documentary for Story Syndicate centering on insights from politician, lawyer and author Stacey Abrams.
Following a theatrical run, the film will be released on Amazon Prime Video later this year. It's directed by Oscar-nominated and Emmy-winning filmmaker Liz Garbus and Lisa Cort(C)s. Abrams is a producer along with Garbus, Cort(C)s and Dan Cogan.
Abrams ran as the Democratic party's nominee in the 2018 gubernatorial election in Georgia and was the first Black woman to be a major-party gubernatorial nominee in the United States. She narrowly lost to Republican Brian Kemp, who was accused by Abrams of voter suppression activities after he refused to resign as secretary of state while campaigning for governor.
''Raising the alarm about voter suppression is critical to the integrity of our democracy,'' Abrams said. ''The failure of state leaders in Georgia and other states across the country to protect the rights of voters, as seen in the 2018 election and 2020 primaries, must be exposed and it must be stopped. Justice in our criminal justice system and the sacred right to vote are not equal for all Americans and we must find a way to change these systematic inequalities. As the 2020 election approaches, this documentary will help voters realize the power of their voices, and it will inspire them to overcome the obstacles of voter suppression.''
After the 2018 election, Abrams launched Fair Fight to ensure every American has a voice in the election system through programs such as Fair Fight 2020, an initiative to fund and train voter protection teams in 20 battleground states.
''We are honored to be working with brilliant filmmakers Liz Garbus and Lisa Cort(C)s and the remarkable Stacey Abrams on this timely and important documentary,'' said Jennifer Salke, head of Amazon Studios. ''In this critical election year, Stacey's expertise and fearless stance against voter suppression will resonate strongly with audiences everywhere and can inspire positive change in supporting all Americans' right to cast their vote.''
Garbus is a two-time Oscar-nominee for ''The Farm: Angola USA'' and ''What Happened, Miss Simone'' and a two-time Emmy winner. Cort(C)s executive produced the 2009 film '''‹Precious'‹.'' Cogan won the documentary Oscar for ''Icarus.''
The documentary was originally brought to Amazon Studios by Ted Hope, prior to his departure. He will continue to consult on the film under his first-look deal with the company.
Family of Aunt Jemima Fighting Against Her Cancellation '' Outkick
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:48
Plot twist! The family of the real-life Aunt Jemima is fighting back against her recent cancelation.
Larnell Evans Sr., the great-grandson of Anna Short Harrington, said it would be an insult to remove the iconic image to appease an angry mob.
''This is an injustice for me and my family. This is part of my history, sir,'' Evans told a Patch reporter. ''The racism they talk about, using images from slavery, that comes from the other side '-- white people. This company profits off images of our slavery. And their answer is to erase my great-grandmother's history. A black female'... It hurts.''
Harrington was not the original Aunt Jemima but rather the third and most recent. Originally it was another African American cook, Nancy Green, that appeared as the character beginning at the World's Fair in Chicago in 1893. She would play the role until she died in a car accident in 1932.
Harrington then played Aunt Jemima for nearly 20 years from 1935 to 1954 after being discovered by Quaker Oats Company representatives while cooking pancakes at the 1935 New York State Fair.
She was then hired full-time as an actress to dress up like Aunt Jemima and travel North America, serving pancakes and promoting the brand.
In the role, Harrington made enough money to purchase a 22-room house in Syracuse (NY) with a backyard bungalow where she supplemented her income by renting many of the rooms to boarders. She died in Syracuse in 1955.
For their part, Quaker Oaks released a statement:
''We recognize Aunt Jemima's origins are based on a racial stereotype. As we work to make progress toward racial equality through several initiatives, we also must take a hard look at our portfolio of brands and ensure they reflect our values and meet our consumers' expectations,'' Kristin Kroepfl, vice president and chief marketing officer of Quaker Foods North America, told NBC News in a press release.
Harris did not let that statement end the conversation, responding to KIRO-TV, saying that eliminating prominent Blacks will not do anything to help.
''This woman served all those people, and it was after slavery. She worked as Aunt Jemima. That was her job,'' Evans said. ''How do you think I feel as a Black man sitting here telling you about my family history they're trying to erase?''
CNN reported that a new name and logo for the product line would be announced in the fall.
Gelsenkirchen: Controversial Lenin statue erected in German city - BBC News
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 07:18
Image copyright EPA Image caption The statue was unveiled next to a poster that reads: 'Don't give anti-communism a chance' A far-left party in Germany has erected a controversial statue of communist leader Vladimir Lenin.
The tiny Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD) installed the statue in front of its headquarters in the western city of Gelsenkirchen.
City authorities had attempted to stop the statue being installed and launched an online hashtag saying there was "no place for Lenin".
But courts blocked their appeals and the unveiling went ahead on Saturday.
Lenin was a leader of the 1917 Russian Revolution and led the country until his death in 1924, when he was succeeded by Josef Stalin. However, he has remained a symbol of communism rule across the world, both among supporters and those who remember the human rights abuses that took place under the USSR.
Germany itself was divided for decades between the West and the communist East, until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
In the debate surrounding the Gelsenkirchen statue, which was made in Czechoslovakia, as it was then known, in 1957, both sides drew parallels to the tearing down of monuments linked to slavery which has taken place in anti-racism protests across the world in recent weeks.
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Protesters across America toppled statues associated with slavery"We live in a time in which many countries of the world are reflecting on memorials," said mayor Frank Baranowski in one of a series of YouTube videos posted by the city council against the statue.
"It's hard to put up with the fact that a dictator from the 21st Century is being placed on a pedestal and a memorial is being made out of it. Unfortunately the courts have decided otherwise, we must accept that, but not without comment."
However, MLPD's chair, Gabi Fechtner, described the communist leader as "an ahead-of-his-time thinker of world-historical importance, an early fighter for freedom and democracy", according to the AFP news agency.
Jesse Kelly on Twitter: "Yale University was named for Elihu Yale. Not just a man who had slaves. An actual slave trader. I call on @Yale to change it's name immediately and strip the name of Yale from every building, piece of paper, and merchandise. Ot
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 07:46
Yale University was named for Elihu Yale. Not just a man who had slaves. An actual slave trader. I call on
@Yale to change it's name immediately and strip the name of Yale from every building, piece of paper, and merchandise. Otherwise, they hate black people.
#CancelYale
Masks and Muzzles
People who ignore social distancing rules may have psychopathic personality traits, study finds
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:53
(C) Associated Press People wearing sanitary masks walk in Via Condotti shopping street, in Rome, Italy, Monday, May 18, 2020. Italy is slowly lifting sanitary restrictions after a two-month coronavirus lockdown. (Cecilia Fabiano/LaPresse via AP) Associated Press A preprint study looked at how people's personality traits could influence whether they partake in coronavirus pandemic health guidelines or not.Study author Pavel Blagov surveyed people about their habits during the pandemic, and also asked them personality-based questions.Blagov found that people who exhibited more psychopathic traits like meanness and lack of restraint were more likely to disregard policies like social distancing.If reports of people licking toilet seats and intentionally spitting on others during the coronavirus pandemic left you astounded, a new study on the psychology of pandemic behaviors could answer your questions about what motivated their behaviors.
The study, a peer-reviewed pre-print that will soon be published in the journal Social Psychology and Personality Science, asked 502 people to answer questions online about how often they followed coronavirus pandemic health guidelines, if they planned to follow guidelines going forward, and what they'd do if they were diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.
The researchers also asked personality-related questions to determine where survey participants fell on scales for conscientiousness, cooperativeness, neuroticism, tendency to take risks, meanness, and lack of restraint.
If participants answered questions in a manner that suggested they had low levels of neuroticism, tendency to take risks, meanness, and lack of restraint, they were more likely to follow social distancing guidelines, but if they scored high in these traits, they were less likely to follow guidelines.
Study author Pavel Blagov said these traits are also common psychopathic traits.
"I knew that traits from the so-called Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy), as well as the traits subsumed within psychopathy, are linked to health risk behavior and health problems, and I expected them to be implicated in health behaviors during the pandemic," Blagov told PsyPost.
Indeed, his study suggested a small correlation between psychopathic traits and disregard for pandemic public health policies does exist.
People who admitted to ignoring health guidelines may be doing so deliberately (C) Crystal Cox/Business Insider Crystal Cox/Business Insider Blagov said the majority of survey participants said they followed coronavirus health guidelines. But those who didn't follow guidelines answered the survey questions in a manner that suggested they knowingly and purposefully ignored the safety advice.
For example, study participants who scored high on traits like meanness and lack of restraint also said they didn't follow social distancing and hygiene practices like hand-washing.
Blagov said these findings are concerning from a public-health perspective.
"One potential implication from this research is that there may be a minority of people with particular personality styles (on the narcissism and psychopathy spectrum) that have a disproportionate impact on the pandemic by failing to protect themselves and others," he said.
Of course, the study had some limitations. The study sample only contained US adults, so the findings don't represent the entire population's beliefs and underlying psychology about pandemic safety practices.
The self-reported nature of the survey could have also skewed results, though Blagov said it was conducted in March when the pandemic was just ramping up, and may have therefore eliminated some social biases surrounding safety behaviors.
Additionally, Blagov said his study only showed a small correlation between personality traits and pandemic-related behaviors, and it's likely people who don't have psychopathic traits are also ignoring health guidelines.
"The results do not mean that viral disease is spread only by irresponsible or inconsiderate people," Blagov said.
Read the original article on
Insider
Bexar, Hidalgo counties' mandate masks in businesses as coronavirus surges | The Texas Tribune
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:02
With Gov. Greg Abbott's apparent blessing, Bexar and Hidalgo counties have imposed a new mask rule for local businesses, saying they must require employees and customers to wear masks when social distancing isn't possible. The move appears to open a new way for local officials to require mask use in certain public spaces after Abbott stymied prior efforts by local officials to put the onus on residents.
Bexar County Judge Nelson Wolff's and Hidalgo County Judge Richard Cortez's orders comes after Abbott issued an executive order June 3 banning local governments from imposing fines or criminal penalties on people who don't wear masks in public.
Wolff's order states that, starting Monday and running through the end of the month, businesses in Bexar County must require face masks "where six feet of separation is not feasible" before the business risks facing a fine of up to $1,000. Cortez's order states businesses in Hidalgo County will risk being fined starting Saturday and will remain in effect until further notice.
The orders also state that, consistent with Abbott's executive order, "no civil or criminal penalty will be imposed on individuals for failure to wear a face covering." Later in the day, San Antonio Mayor Ron Nirenberg signed an update to his emergency health order to express support for and adopt Wolff's order, saying that, as the number of coronavirus cases increase in the city, "masks are our best line of defense."
"Judge Wolff's order is not inconsistent with the Governor's executive order," said John Wittman, a spokesman for Abbott. "Our office urges officials and the public to adopt and follow the health protocols for businesses established by doctors" that are available online.
In an interview Wednesday with KWTX, Abbott said that local officials just needed to read the plan issued by the state to see the orders they could issue in compliance with state directives.
Wolff "finally read what we had written and what they now realize they are capable of doing is that we want to make sure individual liberty is not infringed upon by government, and hence government cannot require individuals to wear masks," Abbott said.
"Local governments can require stores and business to require masks. That's what was authorized in my plan," Abbott added. "Businesses '... they've always had the opportunity and the ability, just like they can require people to wear shoes and shirts, these businesses can require people to wear face masks if they come into their businesses. Now local officials are just now realizing that that was authorized."
Following suit, Austin Mayor Steve Adler said Wednesday in a statement that Abbott has "given us a path and we will act consistent with his statement."
"Wearing masks is important '-- to our health and to opening up the economy," Adler said. "We will be entering an order directing businesses to come up with a simple safety plan over the next several days."
By Wednesday evening, Adler had signed an order mirroring Wolff's that will take effect on Thursday and run through Aug. 15. Businesses in Austin can now be fined up to $1,000 for not complying with mask rules.
Local leaders have been calling for weeks for the ability to impose more strict mask orders, but Abbott never publicly mentioned that this option was available. On Tuesday, nine mayors from Texas' biggest cities wrote a letter to Abbott, urging him to grant them the authority to mandate face masks in their own cities in order to prevent the spread of coronavirus. Officials from some of the state's biggest urban ares said Wednesday they would explore whether to impose a similar order in their jurisdictions.
"I'm pleased that the Governor has changed his mind. I'm asking our county lawyers and business leaders to look at this and plan to make a proposal for the Commissioner's Court to look at very soon," Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins said in a statement, who said he's already looking into whether he'll follow suit.
A spokesperson for Harris County Judge Lina Hidalgo said they are checking with the county attorney's office on Wolff's order, adding that "we're not any safer today than we were in March. There is no vaccine. No cure. We remain very concerned about the trajectory of hospital admissions."
Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton's office had already warned officials in big cities, including San Antonio, to roll back ''unlawful'' local emergency orders that featured stricter coronavirus restrictions than those of the state, while hinting of lawsuits if they do not. Paxton's office declined to comment on Wolff's order Wednesday.
"When people go out and about, as they're walking around town, they don't need to wear a face mask, but when they do go into a store or other business, those businesses can require, and that's exactly what it looks like local governments will begin to do," Abbott told KWTX.
Mark Escott, the interim health authority for Austin and Travis County, said that the city and the county are interested in how they can better enforce the wearing of face mask.
"We certainly do not believe that that there's any role for criminalization of some of these items, but it is helpful for us to be able to inform restaurant and bars and other businesses that it's okay for you to require masking. That it's enforceable, if you decide as as your business to not allow people in without masks," Escott said Wednesday. "I think it's an absolutely responsible thing to do for businesses to take a stand, not only to protect other customers in that business but to protect their employees."
But the Bexar County order did receive some pushback from the business community. National Federation of Independent Business State Director Annie Spilman criticized Wolff's order in a statement Wednesday, saying it "opens struggling small businesses to hefty fines and potential litigation."
"Texas business owners are deeply concerned about the possibility of trial lawyers exploiting the pandemic for financial gain. When we surveyed our Texas members this spring about the challenges they face as the state reopens, 71% said increased liability related to the pandemic," Spilman said. "The shutdown had a devastating impact on the Texas economy. Orders like Judge Wolff's puts owners in the difficult position of policing their customers while trying to reopen and rebuild their businesses. That's why we're asking our elected leaders here and in Washington, D.C. to take steps to protect small businesses from predatory lawsuits that target them when they're at their most vulnerable."
Patrick Svitek, Meena Venkataramanan, and Reese Oxner contributed to this report.
Clarification: This story has been updated to note that Austin's mask rules allow for businesses to be fined up to $1,000.
New order requires Dallas County businesses to mandate masks on premises
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:55
(C) Lynda M. Gonzalez/Staff Photographer/The Dallas Morning News/TNS Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins removes his mask before a press conference at the Dallas County Office of Homeland Security & Emergency Management in Dallas on Tuesday, April 28, 2020. \u00d2Thing one that we haven\u00d5t met is two weeks of steady decline,\u00d3 Jenkins said to residents wondering if it is safe to resume normal activities as businesses begin to reopen. He also said it was the deadliest day for the county with 10 new COVID-19 deaths and the highest confirmed amount of new cases in one day: 135. Updated at 11:01 a.m. on June 19, 2020 with comments from commissioners and more details on order
Dallas County commissioners voted Friday to mandate that businesses in the county must require customers and everyone on premises to wear a mask to contain the spread of COVID-19 as cases continue to climb.
Commissioners voted 3-2 to pass the order '-- which goes into effect at 11:59 p.m. tonight '-- after a fiery debate.
Commissioners Elba Garcia and Theresa Daniel voted in favor along with Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins. Commissioners J.J. Koch and John Wiley Price voted against due to concerns around enforcement.
Businesses that don't comply can face a fine of up to $500 per violation, though law enforcement will not be involved. The order also says masks do not need to be worn when eating.
The order states that ''all employees or visitors to the commercial entity's business premises or other facilities wear face coverings in an area or while performing an activity which will necessarily involve close contact or proximity to co-workers or the public where six feet of separation is not feasible.''
Other exceptions to mask wearing continue to include exercising, when it's a health risk or if the premise requires a security screening, like at banks.
''In talking to the healthcare community, they're telling us that this is the most important thing we can do to save lives, arrest the spread and help keep businesses open,'' Jenkins said during the meeting, defending the new order.
Price and Koch raised concerns about how businesses owned by people of color might be disproportionately affected, and how the order would be enforced.
Businesses can already require that customers wear masks and deny people service on those grounds, Price said.
''They can do that. Why do they need us?'' Price asked during the meeting.
Koch said he was disappointed by the vote given the national conversation around policing that has taken place locally and across the country. He added that the county was adding a punishment at a time when the government needs to reduce unnecessary interactions with law enforcement.
''This is a plain example of moving away from that prioritization,'' Koch said. ''I can hope that we're not going to have disproportionate enforcement and hope that we don't have negative interactions between residents and peace officers.''
Beyond that, he said that the county should instead be focused on messaging and education to reduce the spread of COVID-19, particularly among the Hispanic community. Hispanics have the highest confirmed positive COVID-19 rates in the county, according to data provided by the county.
The order comes on the heels of spikes across the county and the state of positive cases of COVID-19, including a record 413 confirmed cases in Dallas County on Wednesday. That same day, Bexar County Judge Nelson Wolff enacted a similar order to require masks in businesses.
Gov. Greg Abbott did not object to Bexar County's new rule, telling KWTX anchor Pete Souza on Wednesday: ''Just like they can require people to wear shoes and shirts, these businesses can require people to wear face masks if they come into their businesses. Now, local officials are just now realizing that that was authorized.''
'--'--'--
(C)2020 The Dallas Morning News
Visit The Dallas Morning News at www.dallasnews.com
Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.
Exclusive: Gov. Newsom's BYD Mask Deal Profitable for Insider Dealmakers - California Globe
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:30
New details are emerging about Gov. Gavin Newsom's $1.4 Billion deal for masks with BYD, a Chinese electric bus maker that is now manufacturing N95 masks. However, during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic the deal has soured, as the masks failed to meet national safety and health standards.
The governor told media that the federal government held up his mask shipment, but in fact, the federal government said Newsom's Chinese masks failed safety and health standards. The masks the Chinese company delivered failed to get the approval of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Standard surgical masks are also part of the order.
If that is not clear enough, this is the word salad that Brian Ferguson, the deputy director for crisis communication and public affairs for the Governor's Office of Emergency Services, served to The Epoch Times on May 8: ''The masks didn't fail a test, but rather did not pass certification yet.''
BYD's contract with the Newsom administration was kept hidden from state legislators and the media since the deal was struck in April, on the heels of the even stranger mask deal with Blue Flame Medical LLC '' a company only recently formed by former political consultants seeking to capitalize on the coronavirus pandemic.
In March, California wired $456.9 million to Blue Flame Medical LLC for millions of masks. But once it was revealed that the state of California wired the nearly $500 million dollars for masks to a company that had been in business for three days, the state demanded its money back.
California Globe learned from a source that minutes after the money was wired to Blue Flame Medical LLC, the State Controller's office received a call from the bank warning that the bank account the money was wired to had only been opened the day before.
As California Globe reported, the governor's office initially refused to disclose either contract to lawmakers and journalists.
What was BYD offering that was different from Blue Flame, since neither company had any prior experience manufacturing masks, and why was the outlay of upfront money less with Blue Flame?
The Governor's BYD $1.4 billion contract is looking like well-connected insider trading.
The Build Your Dreams company, BYD, is based in Shenzen, China. The electric bus manufacturer has a California subsidiary in Lancaster, where it employs 1,000 people.
California Globe has uncovered a trail of well-connected players in the odd $1.4 billion mask deal which seems to lead up to the cabinet level inside the governor's office.
The prominent lobbyist who represents BYD is Mark Weideman of The Weideman Group. The governor's campaign received $40,000 from BYD's automotive division.
Weideman also represents Bloom Energy, a fuel cell manufacturer in San Jose, which recently retooled its facility to rehabilitate ventilators for COVID-19 patients.
Weideman also represents NextGen America, owned by Tom Steyer, Newsom's economic recovery committee chairman whose failed presidential campaign petered out in late February.
California Globe called and emailed Weideman to ask about the BYD contract. A phone call placed to his office at 1:07 pm May 19, 2020 did not receive a response. A follow-up email sent to Weideman via his company website May 25th also did not receive a response.
Mark Weideman's wife is Jennifer Wada, an attorney who now has a government relations business '' Wada Government Relations Group. It is not common knowledge even among Sacramento insiders that Wada and Weideman are married.
Wada previously was a partner in Wada, Williams Law Group. Her former law partner is Anthony Williams, who is now Gov. Newsom's Legislative Affairs Secretary, although news reports from 2018 also called Williams Newsom's ''chief lobbyist.''
Anthony Williams was a senior adviser for former Democratic state Senate leaders John Burton and Darrell Steinberg, and lobbied for the Judicial Counsel of California and the State Bar.
A source said the governor was able to pivot so quickly from the bad Blue Flame Medical deal to BYD because of the connections between Weideman, Wada and Williams.
In the email California Globe sent, we asked Weidemen about these close connections, and if the deal came together because of Weideman, Wada and Williams.
''Newsom and his aides singled out BYD-America, which manufactures electric buses in Lancaster and has been a beneficiary of California's efforts to combat climate change,'' CalMatters reported April 8, 2020. ''Mark Ghilarducci, Newsom's director of the Office of Emergency Services, said BYD has a direct reachback into China to be able to build a sustainable amount of monthly masks that will be coming in to assist us.'''
BYD America is a subsidiary of BYD China.
As for ''Gov Newsom and his aides singled out BYD-America'...'' Anthony Williams is one of Newsom's top level aides, as this organizational chart of the governor's office shows (Williams is at the far right, below First Partner Jennifer Newsom's staff).
Governor Gavin Newsom's office organizational chart. (gov.ca.gov)Procurement Payola: the Financial IncentiveLobbyists are allowed to take a percentage of procurement contracts they are involved with, which can run as high as 15-20%, according to a source. With all of the other financial disclosures lobbyists are required to report, a lobbyist clarified for us why the procurement deals are not required reporting: When lobbyists are attempting to influence legislation or lawmakers, financial disclosures are required. Procurement deals and contracts are not influencing legislation or lawmakers, therefore, these deals are not reportable.
Did Anthony Williams, Gov. Newsom's ''chief Lobbyist'' and Legislative Secretary, facilitate the BYD deal? Did he receive a cut of the deal? California Globe placed two phone calls to the Governor's office to speak with Williams, but did not receive a response back. The first call on May 22 went unanswered. The second call on May 27, 2020, was answered after 14 minutes on hold, at 10:27 am. The receptionist said she would not transfer the call to his voicemail, and suggested emailing Mr. Williams' assistant Tammy Trinh. The email to Anthony Williams' assistant was sent at 10:48 am. The Globe has yet to receive a reply to any of these inquiries.
''Although the company, BYD, is a major global player in the electric vehicle and lithium battery markets, it also has glaring red flags on its record, experts warn, including a history of supplying allegedly faulty products to the U.S., ties to the Chinese military and Communist Party, and possible links to forced labor,'' Vice reported. ''BYD also has no history of making personal protective equipment, and yet days after the FDA approval, it secured a $1 billion deal to supply masks to California.''
When Gov. Newsom made the deals to purchase $1 Billion worth of masks from BYD, it was ''to combat a growing need for masks in California and to secure them before other states and countries sign similar deals,'' California Globe reported.
The question is ''Why did he make this deal?''
''The number of COVID-19 deaths have been much less than the 750 total deaths that occur every day in California,'' Epidemiologists James Enstrom and Jeffrey Klausner said in an Orange County Register article mid-April. ''Furthermore, there is evidence that there have been substantial reductions in the deaths due to seasonal flu, pneumonia and accidents because of the almost exclusive focus on COVID-19 and the current statewide lockdown.''
California Globe, with help from Dana Point Attorney Craig Alexander, filed California Public Records Requests in April with Gov. Gavin Newsom and the involved agencies for the contract the governor made with Chinese company BYD for 200 million surgical masks. Office of Emergency Services eventually made the contract public.
We will continue to report on this topic as details emerge.
Undercover Nurse Deconstruction
Internal Medicine Physician
Hi Adam,
Thank you for taking the time to read my email - I am sure you are bombarded with hundreds daily.
Yes, feel free to put the email in the show notes - with the side note that my comments were directed at this particular nurse, and not nurses in general. These are my coworkers, colleagues, and friends, and I would not want to speak badly of nurses in general. These are the individuals that when we first heard of COVID and weren't sure what we were dealing with bravely cared for patients gasping for air without protecting themselves. The unfortunate reality is that nurses and doctors are often distracted from their first passion -caring for their patients - by the loud cacophony of administration, insurance companies, and attorneys.
In asking whether there was anything the UCN said that I agree with, you challenged me to watch the video in entirety, rather than piecemeal. This made me a little more sympathetic towards the UCN as she obviously is broken up and cares about her patients. Working in a county hospital can be a traumatic experience, having trained in one myself, and I hear from colleagues that New York county hospitals are amongst the worst given their limited resources combined with the population they are treating. However, this RN came into Elmhurst after it was reportedly hit with a barrage of sick, dying patients and I am certain the fatigue and seeming indifference to the plight of these patients was shocking to someone walking in from the outside. Despite feeling compassion for her confusion and hurt, I do not feel compassion for the ignorant statements coming out of this video that have undoubtedly caused families of sick patients unnecessary pain.
Some points I agree with:
1) Politicians and governors should not be weighing in on what medications are appropriate for doctors to use. Personally, if a family member were to fall ill with COVID, I would be prescribing Hydroxychloroquine, and if there was a ban as in NY, I would state it was for another diagnosis. Thank you for keeping this anonymous 🙂 Your show has already had excellent coverage of the many conflicting interests of politicians, the CDC, and other government officials when it comes to hydroxychloroquine.
2) Patients on the ventilator: As a medical community, we have changed many protocols and philosophies about when to ventilate a patient with this COVID outbreak. Many of these changes were thanks to doctors in New York whom were dealing with larger numbers than the rest of us. Now, we are far less likely to place someone on the ventilator than previous. This can seem counter-intuitive as I have patients whom remain visibly short-of-breath with difficulty breathing that will stay that way for days on end as we attempt to delay any ventilator support.
3) Residents/doctors-in-training: Rule-followers - yes - medical training is very similar to the military - there is a clear hierarchy and as a trainee, you follow orders. For good reason - you don't want someone with limited knowledge making decisions on their own.
4) Thinking through an opposing viewpoint before throwing it out - a good philosophy for all of us
5) Sunshine and salt water - bring it on. Everyone should be getting outdoors and enjoying nature this summer. Sometimes I wish I could write a prescription for the "seaside and fresh air" as the doctors of old did.
Unfortunately, there are many more points I do not agree with after watching the video in its entirety. I'll just run them together here: 1) This video is accusing the hospital/doctors/nurses of premeditated murder - taking people who are solely anxious with no other indication for hospitalization, placing them in a ward of known COVIDs in order to get them sick, then forcing them on a ventilator with heavy sedation knowing the end result is death. There were so many levels of misunderstanding regarding the medical decisions being made, that I hopefully touched upon in the last email - basically "NO" - this is not what is going on. 2) She and her interviewer were not likely satting 88-89% while sitting there talking - unless she had a prior 30 yrs smoking history we do not know about. 3) No - nonrebreather masks are not superior to high flow oxygen 4) the medication list she read out regarding the 37 year old indicate they were already doing everything they could for him- those are a combination of pressors you use for multiorgan failure and are essentially likely dripping epinephrine and more through his system. 5) Psychiatric drugs do not give you a blood sugar of 700 - this is due to an underlying physiologic abnormality - example, diabetes. 6) Comparing ebola PPE to COVID PPE - not even going to validate this with a comment. 7) And so on
On Thu, Jun 18, 2020 at 10:25:52PM +0000, xxxxxxx wrote:
> Hi Adam,
> My husband listens to your show (and donates when able) and has enjoyed No
> Agenda for years. I listen sporadically as time allows. I am an Internal
> Medicine physician whom has worked in hospitals in multiple states for 15
> years. My official title is "Hospitalist", and I work on the wards, in the
> ER, and in the ICU. I am often shouting at your podcast due to
> misunderstandings about medical issues. This has happened a lot lately
> with COVID as suddenly everyone is talking about medical issues. My
> husband keeps telling me to write, but with a 2 year old, sitting on a
> computer and writing an email is a luxury. (This email will only be as
> long as the remainder of her nap allows 🙂 ) Anyhow, I say all this with
> the best intentions and respect for you and John - I truly appreciate what
> you guys do, appreciate how you have changed our perspective on the world
> in a good way, and appreciate your march towards truth.
> Show 1251's coverage of the traveling nurse who took an "undercover" video
> at Elmhurst really irked me to the point that I am finally writing in. I
> have encountered, interacted, and conversed with many ignorant nurses like
> this Florida RN over the years. I often view part of my job description
> as an educator (as nurses have just enough medical knowledge to make them
> come to many incorrect conclusions) and enjoy teaching individuals who are
> willing to learn. This video is out of a place of ignorance, and I will
> address only the clips of the video I watched:
> 1) Placing "COVID negative" patients in a COVID rule-out ward: All current
> practicing ER physicians, hospitalists, and intensivists are well aware of
> how inaccurate COVID testing is. Please reference the Annals of Internal
> Medicine reviews by a Johns Hopkins
> group https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-1301 and https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-1495.
> In a nutshell - PCR testing is seeing 20-80% sensitivity. We have seen it
> sometimes it takes up to 4 x to get a positive result. As a physician, I
> am now well aware of what a sick COVID patient looks like, as a disease
> process that behaves like no other at this time. We can split academic
> hairs over ground glass opacities on chest CT, multilobar pneumonia,
> hypoxic respiratory failure, but to make a long story short. COVID
> negative test does not mean a patient does not have COVID. This is a
> disease process, not a PCR test. Placing COVID-test-negative patients whom
> present with signs and symptoms resembling this disease process SHOULD be
> placed in a COVID rule out ward. The alternative would be irresponsible.
> 2) The argument over CODE status on the 37 year old: Unfortunately, this
> RN does not understand enough about the disease process and physiology to
> give us an accurate report on his health. There are often
> misunderstandings and a process to arrive at patient' Code status within
> the hospital. We all naturally default to "Full Code" to resuscitate if
> there is a question. There are very rare isolated instances where a
> person cannot/has not made their wishes none, there is no family or close
> friends to help us understand their wishes, and the person is circling the
> drain and is essentially being kept alive to where resuscitating would be
> more of an act of cruelty then of any usefulness. This is rare, and the
> situations I have been involved in include an ethics board, and nobody
> "pulls the plug", but rather does not perform CPR when their body once
> again attempts to die. I can see this discussion opening up a huge can of
> worms, and I would be happy to discuss Code status/DNR/DNI, etc within the
> US healthcare system at any time...just a little difficult to dissect in
> an efficient manner on this email. Long story short, she has shared only
> pieces of the story, and not enough to understand if there is a true
> injustice being enacted.
> 3) From the brief clips I watched, this nurse does not have any
> understanding of the disease process she is discussing. "Start them on
> like... a PEEP of 5...like". I have to constantly educate myself, read
> articles, and listen to podcasts to stay up to date on what the correct
> PEEP setting is for a COVID patient as our knowledge base is constantly
> changing. However, our all-knowing, wise nurse throws out that there are
> "good" doctors that "like use a PEEP of 5". Overall, the ignorant,
> unprofessional manner in which this video was conducted was saddening. I
> believe she has done more harm than good with this video (for medicine,
> not for herself, I think she has done a lot of good for herself).
> 4) I cannot speak for New York or New Jersey. I speak from the
> Trump-hating state of California, and I have not seen any incentive to
> incorrectly call a death or diagnosis COVID when it was not. Any
> incorrect reporting on COVID numbers and deaths are most likely occurring
> on an administrative level.
> Thank you for your hard work every week & for keeping us sane.
EM MD at Elmhurst
Hi Adam,
email separated into parts to minimize time drain for you - not checked for grammar or spelling
Part 1
Emergency Medicine (EM) MD at Elmhurst Medical Center in Queens NY. I'm a resident, which is an MD who is also a trainee learning the EM trade. I was present at Elmhurst through the build up, the surge, and afterwards. I'm old for a resident, old enough to remember your introducing "You Got Another Thing Coming" on Headbanger's Ball with your glorious teased hair. I'm old for a resident because I had another full career before getting an MD and starting in EM. I served as a defense contractor and worked closely with many agencies in the US and with close allies in sensitive matters. This professional experience perhaps offers deeper insight into the political and financial pressures of the medical-industrial complex generally and the hospitals I work in specifically, deeper insight than other residents who have far less life and professional experience, and perhaps deeper than many senior MDs who have never ventured beyond medicine. I am also a staunch libertarian with a fair amount of ven diagram overlap with your views as heard on No Agenda. I ask that you not identify my by name on the air. I am sharing my name with you so that you may vet me, as I imagine may be in accordance with your source policy.
Part 2
If you recall the NY Times viral video of the ER attending physician (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bE68xVXf8Kw), I can tell you everything seen and stated are things I saw and experienced with my own eyes. I can see or hear no exaggerations or misstatements or prevarications in her depiction. All of the spaces seen are spaces I was physically present every day in before, during, and after the surge. I can't speak for what was happening at any other hospital anywhere else in NYC or in the country, but what we saw at Elmhurst was REAL. I have heard other hospitals in the country had low capacity, even other hospitals in NYC. It's not so surprising, since the coverage of our hospital was very frightening, perhaps frightening enough to scare those in parts of the country with little COVID19 from going to their local hospital. I can't speak for any other place other than Queens, and our ER was packed to the gills in March and for much of April until things cooled down. But the inpatient wards upstairs were packed far beyond that since COVID19 admissions often require very long inpatient stays. Videos of Elmhurst I have seen on YouTube that claim Elmhurst was "empty" during April usually film areas of the hospital that are kept free of patients now in order to reduce COVID19 transmision. Hospitals are physically large. Even a hospital at 150% capacity will have huge empty areas at any given time e.g. lobbies, waiting areas, main floor hallways, dining areas. So the conclusions made from viewing those videos that Elmhurst was empty are false.
Part 3
Before the surge, people started showing up in the ER with unexpected symptoms: fever, chills, dry cough, aches. Things that look like influenza virus ("flu"), but in much greater numbers. A mild case of COVID19 and flu don't look very different. When I have an ER patient who has all the symptoms of flu, but they are medically stable to return home and endure the course of the flu with fluids, rest, and tylenol, I don't test them for the flu. Rather, I just diagnose them: "Hey you have the flu, go home and rest, drink lots of fluids, take tylenol, and be careful not to expose others." This is medically appropriate, since testing them for the flu takes several hours and critically the result doesn't make a difference in the treatment. If the test is +, go home rest/fluids/tylenol, if the test is -, go home rest/fluids/tylenol. In general, it's not a good idea to perform a test whose outcome will not change the management of the patient. Now, for patients who look like they have flu symptoms and who are older or immunocompromised or have altered mental status, etc, and it seems they need to be admitted to the hospital for appropriate medical management, then we do test for flu because that result influences how they are managed in the hospital. Simple, right?
As mentioned, before the surge, we started seeing a LOT of people coming in with flu-like symptoms. In much greater numbers (5-10 times as many or more) than is typical for this time of year. What was different about them is that a much higher % of them were really sick than the % of flu patients normally are , having extreme trouble breathing, altered mental status, etc. And those that were really sick were often young and/or otherwise very healthy. Not the kind of people that usually struggle with flu and require admission. At that time, COVID19 tests were very new and took a very long time to get results (24-48 hrs). So our approach with these patients was to test for flu and a few other viruses first, since these tests just take 1-3 hours. If those patients tested - for those, then we assumed, "ok it's COVID19," which was a reasonable conclusion since nearly nothing else known could cause the same constellation of symptoms. We would send the COVID19 test and it would invariably come back positive, but we would diagnose them as COVID19 + in the ER prior to the test result, since it was a logical and medically appropriate diagnosis.
After seeing these patients for some time, you became able to diagnose a COVID19 patient "clinically." A "clinical" diagnosis is one made by history and physical exam rather than one made by lab tests and advanced imaging like CTs or MRIs. I diagnose mild cases of flu clinically if the patient is healthy and not at risk from dying of flu. I clinically diagnose alcohol intoxication in patients who seem drunk and smell like alcohol and don't show any signs of confounding things like head trauma, there's no need for me to draw blood and check the alcohol level. This is an appropriate way to diagnose many conditions, provided there is an acceptable set of criteria that MDs have agreed on after accumulating enough experience. And after a while at Elmhurst we learned how to diagnose COVID19 clinically. If a 32 year old patient with no other medical problems came in during the surge with fever, cough, chills, and had a slightly low but stable oxygen level, that's COVID19! I would make a clinical diagnosis of COVID19, send them home to rest and take fluids and tylenol, and tell them to come back to the ER if they got short of breath. I would give them a 2 week isolation protocol to avoid infecting others.
Part 4
There was never any from any supervisor, attending physician, or from any hospital leadership I ever heard. And word of this stuff gets around fast. I believe I would have heard of any pressure to do this anywhere in the hospital. What was asked of us in the ER was to swab any patient to died in the ER for COVID19. Patients don't die in the ER often (except for traumas like car crashes, gunshot wounds, stabbings) but during the surge we had a LOT of patients dying of respiratory failure leading to cardiac arrest. People dying in these numbers in an ER is NOT NORMAL. I can remember one time when 3 people (in a room that held ~12-15) "decided" all to die at the same time. 3 "codes" running at the same time. No one had ever seen that to my knowledge. To me this is irrefutable proof that COVID19 was responsible. In these cases swabbing these patients after expiring, and then attributing their deaths to COVID19 seems reasonable and appropriate. I would not agree with swabbing a person who died of a trauma and then attributing THAT death to COVID19, but then again I never heard of that happening.
Part 5
The (visiting) nurse's perspective has value in that she is a professional with legitimate experience and can speak from that perspective. Below are my reactions to her comments.
23:05 "patients with anxiety, not COVID"
Her claims that patients had anxiety and not COVID19 are not reasonable. Sure, some had anxiety - who wouldn't? Those patients would have no symptoms and would ask "do I have COVID19?" to which I would answer "no, if you had it you would have symptoms x, y, z etc, you're fine, go home. And btw if you get those symptoms, you do not need to come to the ER unless you are short of breath." But the majority of patients I saw in the ER did have symptoms and those symptoms were consistent with COVID19.
23:50 "not testing people with the 45 min rapid test"
Elmhurst could only afford 20 of these rapid tests per day (it's a NYC hospital, ask DeBlasio why we didn't get more), since they are very expensive. So we needed to reserve those for true emergency patients, mainly who would require urgent surgery in a few hours. This is patients who had traumatic injuries and must be rushed to the Operating Room (OR), patients having heart attacks requiring emergency catheterization, people with acute appendicitis, flesh eating disease (yes we see this), emergent pregnancy complications, etc. These are the patients we must safe the rapid 45 min test for since we have only a small supply per day. We can't afford to burn these on just any person who walks in and wants a test.
24:00 "sending untested people to COVID floors"
As explained above, we frequently and appropriately made the diagnosis of COVID19 in the ER. For patients who require admission, we would send those patients to a COVID19 floor where other COVID19 patients were located. Even on a COVID floor, there were many safeguards against transmission including negative pressure rooms, high discipline for hand hygiene, etc. There was no need to test patients for COVID19 when you can make a clinical diagnosis.
24:36 "why isn't Elmhurst buying the rapid 45 min test"
A visiting nurse is the wrong person to ask this kind of fiduciary strategy question. Even a doctor at Elmhurst doesn't know the answer to this. It's a question for the CEO or CMO.
25:01 "the reason we don't use the rapid 45 min test is money?"
SHOCKER!! Yes! Wealthy hospitals like Stanford and Harvard/MassGeneral are able to pay more and outbid a public hospital like Elmhurst for these tests? SHOCKING. Yes, this is true in all things in life and also in medicine. This comment lacks so much insight it makes my hair hurt. She treats the resident doctor's comments like its a GOTCHA moment, but there's no insight in this at all.
25:14 "JCD on the admission workflow"
Remember that the ER where I am controls all admission decisions. If we think a person has COVID19, this is not an automatic admission! In fact we admit very few people we think have COVID19. If the patient looks like hammered shit but they are not short of breath and don't have altered mental status and do not require supplemental oxygen, we send them home. "You have COVID but you're going to be ok! Go home, rest, drink fluids, take tylenol, isolate for 2 weeks. And don't come back unless you are short of breath." We DON'T admit ~90% of people with COVID19. People who we suspect have COVID19 and must admit for any reason we do the "slow" test on which does take a few days. But we also get a chest x-ray and do a variety of other blood tests. (d-dimer, ferritin, procalcitonin, and other markers) in the ER. COVID19 has a specific look on chest x-ray and also has a specific "signature" on the blood tests. If you have symptoms of COVID19 and you have a chest x-ray and blood test results consistent with COVID19, we don't need the COVID19 test results to confirm the diagnosis - you have COVID19 and should be admitted to a COVID19 floor. Simple!
26:35 "everyone who gets ventilated dies, except one guy who extubated himself"
I admitted many patients with COVID19. It's true that most did die. But ~20% lived. Including an 83 year old lady who was in terrible health and who I was sure wouldn't survive. She went to the COVID floor, she "coded" and died for a brief period, but was brought back, improved so much that she got off the ventilator in 2 days, and was discharged from the hospital in 5 days. And this is just 1 story of many. The nurse's implication is false.
28:46 "Elmhurst is trying to get people sick for money"
I am an MD at Elmhurst. I never heard or saw anything remotely resembling this. Plus having lived more than most in my position, having seen and worked around TRUE corruption at all levels, I believe I am far more likely than your average bear to sniff out whether this is true. I sweated and cried and worked myself to the bone to protect people from COVID19 and prevent the spread of it at the hospital. My brothers and sisters working on the COVID floors did the same. I never saw or heard anything that supports this. Sometimes a visiting professional can lend fresh eyes onto a situation. Sometimes they reveal themselves to be little more than a tourist who excels at making the wrong conclusions from what they see. I have my opinion about which of the 2 this nurse is, and I'll leave you and JCD to make your own, but I have seen no facts whatsoever that back up this claim. Frankly, this claim is a total abrogation of the Hippocratic Oath, which we really take seriously. It doesn't feel far fetched for me to state this claim is fucked up like a soup sandwich.
29:10 "residents are order followers"
Of course we are! Everyone has a boss, everyone takes orders. But this ain't Germany in the early 1940s. For a resident to follow an order that compromises the health of a patient is both ethically wrong and illegal. In small matters in the ER, I might think Antibiotic A is a good choice, but the attending physician may tell me to give Antibiotic B, in that case I'll give B since the patient is getting the right treatment, just with a little different angle. But if any attending or supervising doctor tells me to do something I believe will harm a patient, "'that's a hard no from me, dawg." I am not unique in this, I feel every resident I know would behave the same.
29:30 "AC doubting medical training"
Dude. I busted my ass learning so MUCH about the human body and all the minutiae of enzymes and proper function and how everything works from the cellular level to the organ level to the societal level. I had to train for 3 years learning physics, chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and genetics just to prepare and go to 4 years of medical school where an inhuman amount of material gets packed into your head. 3 separate board exams in medical school, each of which takes 8+ hours and are effing HARD. And you cannot pass this stuff without being a critical thinker, approaching problems from a 2nd order or 3rd order perspective. This process doesn't produce automatons. The police does, and basic training in the military does. But doctors are different.
30:00 "hospital determining DNR"
This is partially true. Let me explain how this works, since figuring this out was my job. When a patient came the ER and was pretty sick with COVID19, and it looked like intubation/vent was inevitable, I would facetime the family for a few reasons. First, 80% of these people would never make it off the vent so it was likely the last conversation with family. Second, we would have a "goals of care" conversation with the family which included code status. If we did not reach family, the patient was always full code, period. The patient would be admitted as a full code patient. During the admission, the hospital would keep trying to reach family until they did connect and discuss goals of care. Frequently the family would say "ok, no lets make them DNR etc." In that case the code status would change. For logistics and computer reasons, changing that setting in our software takes a while. So many times when the family was reached and changed the status, the first thing to do is verbally tell the care team including residents and nurses about the revised status. Then later when there was time, the code status would be changed in the computer system.
32:00 "death panel"
Now in some cases when a patient had already had a very long cardiac arrest and had a physical presentation consistent with brain death, and they had a very poor prognosis, etc, and family could not be reached, in some of those cases the senior physician may make the judgement to change the code status to DNR. This was only done after proper consultation another physician and with the ethics folks and in light of the limited resource of our code teams due to the pandemic. I cant say whether this was right or wrong, but I can say it was rare.
Part 6
Elmhurst is a New York City Hospital, part of the NYC Health and Hospitals (H&H). It's run by the city with perhaps some oversight from the governor. Elmhurst has much outdated equipment, and many items are in limited supply. In the ER specifically, some critical intubation equipment has been recently in short supply. In many locations paint is chipping, plumbing is poor and sometimes leaky. Some areas are dirty, but critical areas (operating rooms, ICUs, etc) are sanitary. In short, it's a very resource-poor and probably poorly managed hospital. But this should be no surprise. It's a government hospital! The proper takeaway from the FL nurse's observation at having seen "better hospitals in Iraq" is not marveling at the state of this hospital, but rather observing that when a government runs a hospital, even a government with a staggering $89B yearly budget (https://www1.nyc.gov/site/omb/index.page), this is what you get! Of course! Anyone that has been to a DMV or a post office, or who has grappled with IRS forms cannot truly be surprised when they see a government-run hospital that is "worse than a hospital in Iraq." Of course the FL facility where FL nurse works is way better! It's a private hospital, so the proper take away should be marveling at how much better FL runs public hospitals than "the great" NYC.
That's all I've got. I'll consider this my first "value for value" payment.
OTG
UK ditches homegrown COVID-19 tracing app for Google-Apple model - Software - iTnews
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 08:22
Britain will switch to the Apple and Google model for its COVID-19 test-and-trace app, ditching an attempt to develop an app by itself after the homegrown system did not work well enough on Apple's iPhone, the government said on Thursday.
The test-and-trace program is key to reopening the country but has been dogged by problems. A smartphone app developed by the National Health Service (NHS) was initially expected to be rolled out nationwide in May but did not materialise.
Health minister Matt Hancock appeared to blame Apple in part for the pivot, adding that the decentralised Google-Apple system would benefit from work done on the abortive NHS app.
"As it stands, our app won't work because Apple won't change their system, but it can measure distance. And their app can't measure distance well enough, to a standard we are satisfied with," he said at the daily news conference.
"So we've agreed to join forces with Google and Apple, to bring the best bits of both systems together."
Dido Harding, head of the test-and-trace programme has described the app as the "cherry on the cake" of the overall test-and-trace system, playing down its centrality to the programme.
But figures for the second week of England's test-and-trace showed that while over 85,000 people who had tested positive for the new coronavirus had been reached in the first two weeks, over 25% of positive cases could not be reached.
Officials running the programme admitted that the change of tack on the app was unplanned but denied that it was a setback, emphasising that they did not want to rush out an app which fell short of standards.
But the opposition Labour party said that warnings about the homegrown app had not been heeded.
"This is unsurprising and yet another example of where the government's response has been slow and badly managed. It's meant precious time and money wasted," Labour health spokesman Jon Ashworth said.
Britain's adoption of the 'decentralised' approach for its app followed a growing number of European countries, including Italy, Switzerland, Germany and Austria.
But Apple and Google's model has frustrated governments, as they undercut the technology's usefulness by prioritising user privacy.
The pivot happened after the NHS app, which was being tested on the Isle of Wight off the southern coast of England, was found to work well on Google's Android operating systems but not on Apple iPhones.
However, Britain wants further improvements to the Google-Apple platform, meaning that the original hope of a launch in May is set to be missed by months rather than weeks.
"We're not going to put a date on it I'm afraid because I'm absolutely determined that whilst this technology can help, it's got to be working effectively," Hancock said.
Google's Geofence Warrants Face a Major Legal Challenge
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:08
Police requests for Google data that pinpoints anyone near the scene of a crime increased by more than 500% last year A round 5 p.m. on May 20, 2019, a teller at the Call Federal Credit Union in Chesterfield, Virginia, got ready to help her next customer. He gave her a handwritten note: ''I've been watching you for sometime now. I got your family as hostage and I know where you live,'' it said, according to a court brief. ''If you or your coworker alert the cops or anyone your family and you are going to be hurt'... I need at least 1OOk.''
The teller told him she didn't have access to that kind of money, at which point he pulled out a silver and black handgun. Waving it around, he herded the bank's customers and employees behind the counter and into the back room. There he ordered everyone to their knees and forced the manager to open the safe. He fled with $195,000.
No one recognized the thief, although a witness at a church near the burglary reported having seen a man who looked suspicious in a blue Buick sedan, the court brief said. The police had little else to go on, except surveillance tape showing him entering the bank with a cell phone to his ear and passing by that church. Three and a half weeks later, still empty-handed, they asked a magistrate for a geofence warrant.
Unlike a traditional search order that identifies a particular suspect, geofence warrants require Google to trawl its massive library of location data, commonly known as the ''Sensorvault,'' to identify people who were in the area when a crime was committed. They are relatively new, and increasingly widespread: Between 2017 and 2018, Google saw a 1,500% surge in the number of requests it received, and from 2018 to 2019, the rate increased over 500%.
The resulting data helped police solve a murder case in Cobb County, Georgia, and to identify suspects in a home invasion in Eden Prairie, Minnesota, a fatal shooting in Raleigh, North Carolina, and a string of bombings in Austin, Texas.
But in the process of pinpointing anyone who may have been near the scene of a crime, geofence warrants have also pointed police toward people like Jorge Molina, a warehouse worker in Arizona who was arrested as a murder suspect after police obtained data showing his phone at the crime scene. Molina spent nearly a week in jail before being found innocent. Which is why, as the prevalence of geofence warrants has increased, so has the alarm of defense lawyers, privacy advocates, and civil rights groups, who point to a lack of federal oversight that has left Google to serve as gatekeeper of a legal process they believe, at its core, violates the Constitution.
In the Virginia bank robbery case, the geofence warrant returned the location histories of 19 people who had been within 500 feet of the bank around the time of the crime. It led to the arrest of a 24-year-old man named Okello Chatrie, whose lawyers are presenting the first serious legal challenge against the practice.
''Geofence warrants like the one in this case are incapable of satisfying the probable cause and particularity requirements, making them unconstitutional general warrants,'' the lawyers argued in a motion to suppress evidence. The brief goes on to describe them as ''the digital equivalent of searching bags of every person walking along Broadway because of a theft in Times Square.''
If the judge agrees to suppress the Google data from being used as evidence (the next hearing is July 2), the case could set a precedent in the eastern district of Virginia '-- a first step toward a potential federal ruling or law that spells out whether geofence warrants can or can't be used in criminal cases, and if they can, exactly how. If nothing else, a win would send a message to other defendants incriminated by these searches, and offer a playbook to fight back.
If cops want to know where a certain suspect's phone has been, they need a traditional warrant. If they want Google to conduct a geofence search, it's not clear they must do the same. The first standard was established by a landmark Supreme Court case in 2018, Carpenter v. United States, which involved cell site location information (CSLI) generated by pings off towers and collected by carriers like Sprint and AT&T. That data is so private, the Justices reasoned, law enforcement must use a warrant to get it. But the high court emphasized that its decision applied only to a single person's device; they left open the question of police access to location data for every phone in the area during a certain period. Although they were referring to so-called tower dumps based on CSLI, geofence searches for Google's data would fall under the same category.
Even so Google '-- to its credit, say privacy advocates '-- has always insisted on a warrant. Specifically, it asks for a version it came up with to address the broad nature of these searches.
In the absence of a clear legal process for obtaining and responding to geofencing warrants, Google is almost entirely responsible for shaping practices around them. That's because it is the recipient of almost all these requests. The type of data the company collects in order to target ads accurately is uniquely useful to law enforcement. In addition to other location data the company picks up, this kind is called ''location history''; Google has been gathering it for more than a decade and stores it in a way that is both searchable and attached to users' accounts.
''The important point here is to not conflate Google's business practices with constitutional law.''
As a user, you might turn on your location history to do things like get live traffic updates, personalize maps, or find your phone. The minute you do, it starts picking up signals from cell sites, GPS, nearby Wi-Fi networks, and Bluetooth devices, mapping your movements much more precisely than other methods like CSLI. Location history ''functions in effect as a daily journal,'' Google explained in a court filing. ''It can reveal when a user was at her home (or someone else's), a doctor's office, a place of worship, a political meeting, or other sensitive locations.''
Google's data bank is also vast. In 2019, with more than 2.5 billion Androids in people's hands and its apps all over iPhones, the tech giant said in another brief that roughly a third of its users '-- ''numerous tens of millions'' '-- had location history enabled. Last year, the company added new controls to auto-delete past data (Google told OneZero this decision had nothing to do with geofence warrants). It's too soon to tell if that option will make a dent in Sensorvault, but it didn't impact the bank robbery case.
On June 14, 2019, Chesterfield County police requested data on all the phones in a 150-meter radius from the bank between 4:20 and 5:20 p.m. the day of the heist. Google's process for filing a geofence warrant was designed to narrow the scope of the data disclosed, the company's director of law enforcement and information security, Richard Salgado, told OneZero. It usually has three steps. First, the company provides only anonymized data on the phones it finds in the specified area; in this case, there were 19. In the second step, police try to pare down the pool and can request more context on those devices of interest '-- Google has not publicly defined a limit or explained its math for determining the subset, nor do the warrants typically spell it out. The Chesterfield County police asked where nine of the original devices traveled during 30 minutes before and after the original time frame. Google doesn't give police identifying information like the email and name attached to each account until the final step. Again the police working on the robbery case attempted to zero in (and again they weren't bound by specified guidelines), choosing three phones.
Anonymized data can be telling, and police already had a suspect in mind by the time Google revealed identifying information about the accounts it had placed near the robbery. During that first step, the Virginia detectives saw one of the 19 phones had traveled between the church and the bank. In step two they followed that device to a residence where they got a name, Okello T. Chatrie. And from there they discovered he'd purchased a gun less than a month before the robbery and drove a blue Buick, which matched what the church witness had reported. Step three of the warrant delivered Okello's email address. Further search warrants led them to $100,000 at a residence where he spent evenings; some of the bills were wrapped in bands signed by the bank teller. At a hearing January 21, prosecutor Kenneth Simon acknowledged, ''We can't deny that everything else flowed from the geofence warrant.''
A ll of that evidence should be tossed, contends Chatrie's defense team. (Neither the U.S. attorney's office or defense attorney Michael Price would comment with the case in litigation.)
Mark Rumold, a senior staff attorney with Electronic Frontier Foundation, a leading nonprofit defending digital privacy, agrees. Even though by the time police get identifying data, they may have probable cause, he says that's not the point. ''The key is that all the information they're getting initially is information that's protected by the Fourth Amendment. It's that first step where people's reasonable expectations are intruded on and that's the whole problem with the warrant.''
Nathan Freed Wessler, a staff attorney with the ACLU Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project, who argued Carpenter, is also concerned about the vagueness of the process. ''There's nothing, as far as I can tell, to stop the government from looking at step one and say[ing] to Google, 'Yeah, we can't really narrow it down. We need the names and account details of everyone.'''
In fact, that did happen in the Chatrie case. Virginia police asked for personal data on all the 19 phones. Google said no, but that conversation, legal experts say, should happen in front of a judge or magistrate.
''The important point here is to not conflate Google's business practices with constitutional law,'' Albert Fox Cahn, a fellow at the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law & Policy at N.Y.U. School of Law and founder of STOP, Surveillance Technology Oversight Project. ''Google is going above and beyond, but that isn't a robust safeguard especially when there's a growing array of data brokers, app developers and other sources of information who might hand over a great deal of information without that back and forth.'' Cahn is particularly worried about geofence warrants being used for Covid-tracing data.
''The baseline concern,'' says Wessler, ''is that this is a dragnet search of sensitive location data of lots of people who will have absolutely nothing to do with the crime under investigation. There's a serious question about whether these kinds of searches should ever be allowed. And if they are to be allowed, then we need to have a serious conversation about how to very strictly control and restrict them.''
Even those who think geofence warrants are legitimate and a useful investigative tool believe the process needs more oversight. ''I want judges to be asking those questions about narrowing things down, investigative alternatives, what they're going to do with the data once they find out it belongs to an innocent person,'' says David Gray, the Jacob A. France Professor of Law at the University of Maryland, Francis King Carey, School of Law and author of The Fourth Amendment in an Age of Surveillance. ''I want law enforcement to have to explain why they want a geofence warrant around a political rally, and the judge to look over her glasses and say, 'Are you kidding?'''
The opposition to geofencing warrants is growing. The National Association of Criminal Lawyers' Fourth Amendment Center, which is defending Chatrie, has begun litigating other similar cases, and Rumold says EFF may be filing an amicus brief to suppress geofence warrant evidence in a case in San Francisco. In April, STOP helped introduce a bill in New York that would ban geofence warrants in the state.
The next hearing for Okello Chatrie is scheduled for July 2. He is facing up to life in prison and has pleaded not guilty to forced accompaniment and brandishing a firearm during an armed robbery. Even if the judge rules to suppress the evidence obtained through the geofencing warrant, he could be convicted under an exclusion saying the officers reasonably thought they were acting under legal authority. Still it would send a warning to police that the warrants can be challenged and a signal to defendants like Chatrie their rights may have been violated. The case has already revealed a more detailed look at Google's data and how warrants are carried out, Wessler says. And that's important.
No matter how it is decided, United States v. Chatrie will likely spark other cases. If some succeed and are appealed, that would bump the issue up to the higher courts and maybe '-- especially if judges disagree '-- into a Supreme Court case that changes the law. A flurry of litigation might also convince lawmakers to pass federal legislation that either bans geofence warrants or spells out how they should be executed. The public can push technology companies too. ''As people see how the police can transform their apps and devices into government tracking devices,'' says Cahn, ''maybe it will chill their willingness to use them.''
Whatever happens, ACLU's Wessler would see a defense win in the Chatrie case as groundbreaking. ''It would be a very significant statement about how to apply old protections in the fourth amendment to a totally new and uniquely disturbing context,'' he says. ''And it will send a signal to the government and to technology companies about where the guardrails are when the government wants to be dipping into lots of people's sensitive data in an effort to locate or identify one suspect.''
20-Year-Old Robinhood Customer Dies By Suicide After Seeing A $730,000 Negative Balance
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:11
Alexander E. Kearns.
Kearns familyWith additional reporting by John Dobosz and Jeff Kauflin
The note found on his computer by his parents on June 12, 2020, asked a simple question. ''How was a 20 year old with no income able to get assigned almost a million dollars worth of leverage?'' The tragic message was written by Alexander E. Kearns, a 20-year-old student at the University of Nebraska, home from college and living with his parents in Naperville, Illinois. Earlier that day, Kearns took his own life.
Like so many others, Kearns took up stock investing during the pandemic, signing up with Millennial-focused brokerage firm Robinhood, which offers commission-free trading, a fun and easy-to-use mobile app and even awards new customers free shares of stock. During the first quarter of 2020, Robinhood added a record 3 million new accounts to its platform. As the Covid-19 stock market swung wildly, Kearns had begun experimenting, trading options. His final note, filled with anger toward Robinhood, says that he had ''no clue'' what he was doing.
In fact, a screenshot from Kearns' mobile phone reveals that while his account had a negative $730,165 cash balance displayed in red, it may not have represented uncollateralized indebtedness at all, but rather his temporary balance until the stocks underlying his assigned options actually settled into his account.
Silicon Valley-based Robinhood is not sharing details of Kearns' account, citing privacy concerns: ''All of us at Robinhood are deeply saddened to hear this terrible news and we reached out to share our condolences with the family over the weekend.''
It's impossible to know all of the factors contributing to suicide, especially in young people. Still, the tragic demise of Alexander Kearns is a cautionary tale of the serious risks associated with the race to the bottom in the brokerage business. Robinhood, E-Trade, TD Ameritrade, Charles Schwab, Interactive Brokers, Fidelity and even Merrill Lynch have all embraced commission-free trading and zero-minimum balances in an effort to attract younger customers, many of whom have little understanding of the securities and markets they are dabbling in.
''I thought everything was going fine,'' says Bill Brewster, Kearns' cousin-in-law and a research analyst at Chicago-based Sullimar Capital Group. His father said he was loving the markets and really enjoying investing, Brewster told Forbes, ''and then on Friday night, we got this call from his mom, and he had died.''
Kearns apparently fell into despair late Thursday night after looking at his Robinhood account, which appeared to have $16,000 in it but also showed a cash balance of negative $730,165. In his final note, seen by Forbes, Kearns insisted that he never authorized margin trading and was shocked to find his small account could rack up such an apparent loss.
''When he saw that $730,000 number as a negative, he thought that he had blown up his entire future,'' says Brewster. ''I mean this is a kid that when he was younger was so conscious about savings.''
Although Robinhood won't release the details of his account, it's possible that Kearns was trading what's known as a ''bull put spread.'' Put options give buyers the right to sell the stock at the strike price anytime until expiration, while put-sellers are on the hook to buy the underlying stock at the strike price, if assigned. This happens automatically at expiration if the price of the underlying stock closes that day at a price one penny or more below the strike price.
In Kearns' note, he says that the puts he bought and sold ''should have cancelled out,'' because normally a bull put spread involves selling put options at a higher strike price, and buying puts at a lower strike price, both with the same expiration. The trade generates a net credit, which the options trader keeps if the stock price stays above the higher strike price through expiration. It's generally considered a limited risk strategy because the simultaneous purchase and sale of put options means the maximum loss on a per-share basis is the difference between the strike prices, less the amount earned when the puts are sold initiating the trade.
There can be wrinkles, however, when the price of the underlying stock at expiration is between the two strike prices, or in the case of early assignment, which may have occurred in Kearns' account.
Here's an example of how a bull put spread could produce an unexpectedly large stock position in your portfolio. On June 16, Amazon (AMZN) trades at $2,615 per share. If you're neutral to bullish on Amazon, you could sell put options that expire on July 17 with a $2,615 strike price for $28 per option. To limit your risk, the other leg of the trade is to purchase puts at a lower strike price, $2,610, for a cost of $26. That two-dollar differential (multiplied by 100) generates $200 for every contract you sell. Do three contracts and you generate $600. If Amazon closes on July 17 above $2,615, you're in the clear and keep all of the proceeds, as both puts expire worthless. If the stock closes below $2610, you will encounter your maximum loss of $900: $5.00 (difference between strike prices) minus $2.00 (proceeds earned up front) times three contracts.
When the stock closes between the two strike prices, the put you bought at the lower strike price expires worthless, but the one you sold is in the money and legally binds you to buy the stock at the strike price. In the case of three contracts of $2,615 Amazon puts, that would be $784,500 to purchase 300 shares. Over a weekend, say, you may see a ''$784,500 debit to buy the stock, but you would not see the stock among your holdings until Monday.
Kearns may not have realized that his negative cash balance displaying on his Robinhood home screen was only temporary and would be corrected once the underlying stock was credited to his account. Indeed it's not uncommon for cash and buying power to display negative after the first half of options are processed but before the second options are exercised'--even if the portfolio remains positive.
''Tragically, I don't even think he made that big of a mistake. This is an interface issue, they have slick interfaces. Confetti popping everywhere,'' says Brewster referring to the shower of colorful confetti Robinhood routinely deploys after customers make trades. ''They try to gamify trading and couch it as investment.''
Says Robinhood: ''We are committed to continuously improving our platform and are reviewing our options offering to determine if any changes may be appropriate.''
If you or someone you know is thinking about suicide, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255) or text the Crisis Text Line at 741-741.
IRS says it bought in to location database for millions of US cellphones to track tax crime suspects
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:26
The United States Internal Revenue Service says it purchased access to a marketing database that offers location data for millions of US cellphones, so the IRS can identify and track persons suspected of tax-related crimes.
The unsuccessful effort illustrates how marketing data, and locatin data, are used by law enforcement to track and I.D. individual people suspected of criminal activity.
Reports Byron Tau at the Wall Street Journal:
The IRS Criminal Investigation unit, or IRS CI, had a subscription to access the data in 2017 and 2018, and the way it used the data was revealed last week in a briefing by IRS CI officials to Sen. Ron Wyden's (D., Ore.) office. The briefing was described to The Wall Street Journal by an aide to the senator.
IRS CI officials told Mr. Wyden's office that their lawyers had given verbal approval for the use of the database, which is sold by a Virginia-based government contractor called Venntel Inc. Venntel obtains anonymized location data from the marketing industry and resells it to governments. IRS CI added that it let its Venntel subscription lapse after it failed to locate any targets of interest during the year it paid for the service, according to Mr. Wyden's aide.
Justin Cole, a spokesman for IRS CI, said it entered into a ''limited contract with Venntel to test their services against the law enforcement requirements of our agency.'' IRS CI pursues the most serious and flagrant violations of tax law, and it said it used the Venntel database in ''significant money-laundering, cyber, drug and organized-crime cases.''
Senator Ron Wyden responded:
The government should be a prosecutor of shady data brokers, not a customer. The IRS wasted taxpayer money and failed to catch tax cheats, all while abusing Americans' privacy. The government needs to stop taking shortcuts over Americans' 4th amendment rights. https://t.co/tIv4SguCbc
'-- Ron Wyden (@RonWyden) June 19, 2020
And some Fourth Amendment constitutional questions.
IRS Used Cellphone Location Data to Try to Find Suspects
PLEASE DISABLE AD BLOCKER TO VIEW DISQUS COMMENTSAd Blocking software disables some of the functionality of our website, including our comments section for some browsers.
Thermal Imaging for Detecting Elevated Body Temperature | FLIR Systems
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 12:17
Can thermal cameras be used to detect a virus or an infection? The quick answer to this question is no, but thermal imaging cameras can be used to detect Elevated Body Temperature. FLIR thermal cameras have a long history of being used in public spaces'--such as airports, train terminals, businesses, factories, and concerts'--as an effective tool to measure skin surface temperature and identify individuals with Elevated Body Temperature (EBT).
In light of the global outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19), which is now officially a pandemic, society is deeply concerned about the spread of infection and seeking tools to help slow and ultimately stop the spread of the virus. Although no thermal cameras can detect or diagnose the coronavirus, FLIR cameras can be used as an adjunct to other body temperature screening tools for detecting elevated skin temperature in high-traffic public places through quick individual screening.
If the temperature of the skin in key areas (especially the corner of the eye and forehead) is above average temperature, then the individual may be selected for additional screening. Identifying individuals with EBT, who should then be further screened with virus-specific diagnostic tests, can help reduce or dramatically slow the spread of viruses and infections.
The thermal camera must be able to image the inner corner (tearduct) of the eye when screening for EBT. Have subjects remove glasses or any other eye obstructions before screening.
Using thermal cameras, officials can be more discrete, efficient, and effective in identifying individuals that need further screening with virus-specific tests. A variety of institutions, including transportation agencies, businesses, factories, and first responders are using thermal screening as an EBT detection method and as part of employee health and screening (EH&S).
Airports in particular are actively employing FLIR thermal cameras as part of their screening measures for passengers and flight crews. The screening procedures implemented at airports and in other public places are just the first step when it comes to detecting a possible infection: it's a quick way to screen for anyone who might be sick, and must always be followed up with further screening before authorities decide to quarantine a person.
When screening for EBT with a FLIR thermal camera, it's important to screen one person at a time, standing no more than 1-2 meters away from the camera.
What FLIR cameras are used for thermal screening?
While governments outside the United States may choose from many different cameras, FLIR has a 510(k) filing (K033967) with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for select camera models for use as an adjunct to other body temperature screening tools to detect differences in skin surface temperatures. These cameras include the FLIR Exx-Series, FLIR T-Series, FLIR A320, and Extech IR200.
For more information about ordering FLIR cameras for temperature screening purposes in the United States, please call +1 866.477.3687.
Click to learn more about how thermal technology can help the global fight against COVID-19.
Coronavirus - Screening for Elevated Body Temperature - MoviTHERM
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 12:19
The Coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China has grabbed the attention of people around the globe. Thermal cameras are being deployed in record time for screening of elevated body temperature at airports and other public places.However, as useful and capable as this technology is, there is a lot of misinformation circulating in the news. As with the implementation of any technology, there are challenges. It is important to understand the physics involved that affect the accuracy of an optical temperature measurement, but moreover, there are many other factors to consider related to bio-physical phenomena.
Being unaware of how these intricate details is crucially important.
Knowing what works and why it works can make the difference between having a cool looking piece of equipment and an effective tool that assists in the screening effort. '' adds Markus Tarin, President & CEO, MoviTHERM
We commonly see thermal imaging system setups that simply point a thermal camera into a crowd. This sort of setup is significantly flawed, when considering all factors that contribute to the accuracy of measuring human elevated body temperature.
More specifically, how skin facial temperature correlates to core body temperature. Based on scientific research (referenced below), the most reliable spot in the human face is the eye canthus.
A small area over the tear duct. The eye canthus is strongly correlated to the inner body core temperature and has been found to the most reliable location on the face.
Image: Courtesy of Ross Overstreet, Flir Systems, Inc.
The image to the left shows the relationship between the camera distance to subject and the measured skin temperature. Two subject were used, a seven year old male and a 44 year old female. Both subjects were imaged under the same conditions.
Moving the camera from 0.5 meter to 6.0 meter away from the subject, resulted in a temperature drop of about 2 degrees Celsius. This is due to the decreasing resolution of the number of pixels projected over the eye canthus, when moving the camera further away from the subject. Compounding this issue is the fact that the standard accuracy of a thermal is only +/- 2 degrees Celsius to begin with. These sort of issues, when compounding would lead to a greater than 50% uncertainty in the screening system at best.
Sufficient number of pixels (spatial resolution) is required for a thermal camera to accurately measure the skin surface temperature. With the limited amount of pixel resolution available, this poses a challenge when imaging a subject, even at a modest distance. Most cameras deployed for elevated body temperature screening have a resolution around 320 x 240 pixels or 640 x 512. This is very low when compared to traditional surveillance cameras. The FLIR A320 Tempscreen camera was specifically designed for this application.
Rather than using a reference temperature source (''black body''), the FLIR A320 Tempscreen uses a different approach to assuring the skin surface temperature measurements are as accurate as possible. For this, the FLIR A320 Tempscreen uses a population baseline. FLIR suggests using about ten known healthy individuals, scan them with the camera and save their readings. All future subjects scanned will be compared to this population baseline.
A better (and necessary) approach to solving the resolution vs. distance challenge is to control the distance to the subject. This is not feasible when pointing a camera into a crowd. The following setup would create a more controlled measurement setup. Since the accuracy of most thermal cameras are only +/- 2 degrees Celsius to begin with, another step has to be taken.
A calibrated temperature reference needs to be placed in the field of view during the measurement. The reference source, also referred to as a ''black body'' allows the imaging software to calibrate the scene to a more precise value by providing a higher accuracy reference, than the camera is capable of.
The black body needs to be located at the same distance from the camera, as the face that is being imaged. The active area (heated region) of the black body also needs to be covered with sufficient pixels to yield the desired results. Ideally a pixel cluster of 10 x 10 pixels.
With this approach, temperature measurements of 5 to 10 times the NETD of the camera are possible. Or about +/- 0.5 degrees C. Cameras that support a black body as a reference source are the new FLIR A400 and FLIR A700 Smart Sensor cameras.
This video explains how thermal imaging technology can be used to screen for people with an elevated body temperature. We have seen a lot of misinformation lately from sources claiming that you can simply point a thermal camera into a crowd and ''detect'' anybody infected with the Coronavirus.
We want to set the record straight and explain the technology in layman's terms. How thermal cameras work; how you can use thermal imaging to measure skin temperatures and what you can and cannot detect.
There are also several pitfalls and challenges with this technology when it comes to detecting somebody with an elevated body temperature. Things that can affect the accuracy of the measurement are:
MakeupPhysiological StressSweatingInsufficient Camera ResolutionMeasuring the wrong location on the faceNot using a reference black body for calibrationUsing the wrong cameraSubject motion'... just to name a few.
Related Scientific ResearchBelow are some research papers that take a deeper dive into the challenges that are being discussed in this video.
Best practices for standardized performance testing of infrared thermographs intended for fever screening. Pejman Ghassemi,T. Joshua Pfefer, Jon P. Casamento, Rob Simpson, Quanzeng Wang. September 19, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone'....
International travels and fever screening during epidemics: a literature review on the effectiveness and potential use of non-contact infrared thermometers. Bitar D, Goubar A, Desenclos J C. Euro Surveill. 2009. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19215720
Comparison of Infrared Thermal Detection Systems for mass fever screening in a tropical healthcare setting, M.R. Tay, Y.L. Low, X. Zhao, A.R. Cook, V.J. Lee ,Public Health, 2015. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0033350615002838.
Infrared thermal imaging of the inner canthus of the eye as an estimator of body core temperature. Teunissen, L. P. J., & Daanen, H. A. M. (2011). Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology.. https://doi.org/10.3109/03091902.2011'...
Have Apple And Google Suddenly Uploaded A COVID-19 Tracking App To Your Phone? The Facts Behind The Furor
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:09
What's that COVID-19 tracking 'app' that's suddenly appeared on your Android or iPhone device?
GettySocial media is buzzing with complaints from people after apparently discovering that Apple or Google has suddenly uploaded a COVID-19 tracking app to their phone without permission. Here's what actually happened.
If you have opened up your Facebook or Twitter apps only to be bombarded by messages from people warning that Apple or Google has suddenly and stealthily installed a COVID-19 tracking app to their phone, and you should check yours, then you are not alone.
I'm sorry to disappoint those readers looking forward to a good old rant about the state violating their right to privacy or expecting fuel to feed another conspiracy theory fire. Neither Apple nor Google have uploaded an app to your smartphone without your permission; no stealthy and automatic tracking app installation has taken place.
Yes, there is now an entry at the top of the Google settings on my Android smartphone, for example, that states: "COVID-19 exposure notifications."
Android device settings for Google show COVID-19 exposure notification entry
Davey WinderNo, that does not mean an app has been installed. Indeed, if I were to click on that entry, it would take me to a screen that tells me I have to install or finish setting up a participating app to activate the exposure notifications.
One click and you would discover exposure notifications are disabled
Davey WinderSo, what has been installed? This is a case of nothing to see here as all that's happened in the last Android or iOS update is that the application programming interface (API) that will enable exposure notifications to work has been added. It's not an app; it's the framework within the operating system that will allow such an app to function once it becomes available and if you decide to install it.
It's quite clear that you have to download the tracking app before exposure notifications can work
Davey WinderApple and Google published a joint statement about this back on May 20. "What we've built is not an app - rather public health agencies will incorporate the API into their own apps that people install. Our technology is designed to make these apps work better."
To sum up, then: nobody can or will install a COVID-19 tracking app on your phone but you. At that point, you will have to agree to the various permissions the application requires to work effectively. As you were, nothing to see here.
MORE FROM FORBES No, The U.S. Has Not Suffered The Biggest Cyber-Attack In History: Here's What Actually Happened By Davey Winder
DACA
Trump Can't Immediately End DACA, Supreme Court Rules - The New York Times
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 15:45
U.S. | Trump Can't Immediately End DACA, Supreme Court RulesThe program, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, protects people brought to the United States as children by shielding them from deportation and letting them work.
Video People demonstrated outside the Supreme Court, which on Thursday ruled that the Trump administration could not immediately end the program that protects 700,000 young immigrants from deportation. Credit Credit... Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times June 18, 2020Updated 4:02 p.m. ET
WASHINGTON '-- The Supreme Court ruled Thursday that the Trump administration may not immediately proceed with its plan to end a program protecting about 700,000 young immigrants known as Dreamers from deportation.
The court's ruling was a blow to one of President Trump's central campaign promises '-- that as president he would ''immediately terminate'' an executive order by former President Barack Obama that Mr. Trump had called an illegal executive amnesty for hundreds of thousands of young immigrants.
Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. wrote the majority opinion, joined by the court's four more liberal members in upholding the program, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA.
''We do not decide whether DACA or its rescission are sound policies,'' the chief justice wrote. ''We address only whether the agency complied with the procedural requirement that it provide a reasoned explanation for its action.''
After contentious debates among his aides, Mr. Trump announced in September 2017 that he would wind down the program. He gave only a single reason for doing so, saying that creating or maintaining the program was beyond the legal power of any president.
But the justifications the government gave, Chief Justice Roberts wrote, were insufficient. He said the administration may try again to provide adequate reasons for shutting down the program.
The decision was the second this week in which the court reached a result in a major case that elated liberals. On Monday, the court ruled that gay and transgender workers were protected by a landmark civil rights law. Chief Justice Roberts was in the majority in that decision, too.
How the court ruled
In Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of the University of California, the court ruled, 5 to 4, that the Trump administration could not immediately shut down DACA, a program that shields about 700,000 young immigrants known as Dreamers from deportation and allows them to work.
Liberal Bloc
Sotomayor
Ginsburg
Kagan
Breyer
Conservative Bloc
Roberts
Kavanaugh
Alito
Gorsuch
Thomas
Where the public stands
The DACA program should remainThe DACA program should be endedAll ; 61% 39% Democrats ; 85% 15% Independents ; 61% 39% Republicans ; 30% 70% Question wording: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) was created by President Obama to protect undocumented immigrants who have lived in the U.S. since childhood from deportation. President Trump wants the Department of Homeland Security to end DACA. What do you think? | Source: SCOTUSPoll, based on an online YouGov survey of 2,000 U.S. adults conducted April 29 to May 12.
See how the court voted on other major cases this term
In a dissent, Justice Clarence Thomas, joined by Justices Samuel A. Alito and Neil M. Gorsuch, said the majority had been swayed by sympathy and politics.
''Today's decision must be recognized for what it is: an effort to avoid a politically controversial but legally correct decision,'' Justice Thomas wrote. ''The court could have made clear that the solution respondents seek must come from the legislative branch.''
''In doing so,'' he wrote, ''it has given the green light for future political battles to be fought in this court rather than where they rightfully belong '-- the political branches.''
President Trump immediately attacked the ruling on Twitter.
The program was announced by President Barack Obama in 2012. It allows young people brought to the United States as children to apply for a temporary status that shields them from deportation and allows them to work. The status lasts for two years and is renewable, but it does not provide a path to citizenship.
The court's ruling means the Trump administration officials will have to provide a lower court with a more robust justification for ending the program. That process is likely to take many months, putting the administration's assault on the program in limbo until after the November election.
It will also put on hold any plans to round up more than 700,000 young immigrants '-- many of whom have been living in the United States since they were small children '-- and deport them to foreign countries they may not even remember.
In the past, Mr. Trump has praised the program's goals and suggested he wanted to preserve it. ''Does anybody really want to throw out good, educated and accomplished young people who have jobs, some serving in the military?'' he asked in a 2017 Twitter post.
But Mr. Trump sometimes struck a different tone. ''Many of the people in DACA, no longer very young, are far from 'angels,''' he wrote on Twitter last year as the Supreme Court prepared to hear arguments in the case. ''Some are very tough, hardened criminals.''
In fact, the program has strict requirements. To be eligible, applicants had to show that they had committed no serious crimes, had arrived in the United States before they turned 16 and were no older than 30, had lived in the United States for at least the previous five years, and were in school, had graduated from high school or received a G.E.D. certificate, or were an honorably discharged veteran.
''I do not favor punishing children,'' Mr. Trump said in his formal announcement of the termination. But, he added, ''the program is unlawful and unconstitutional and cannot be successfully defended in court.''
2020
Amazon Studios Buys Stacey Abrams Voting Rights Documentary '' Variety
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:04
Amazon Studios has acquired worldwide rights to an untitled voting rights documentary for Story Syndicate centering on insights from politician, lawyer and author Stacey Abrams.
Following a theatrical run, the film will be released on Amazon Prime Video later this year. It's directed by Oscar-nominated and Emmy-winning filmmaker Liz Garbus and Lisa Cort(C)s. Abrams is a producer along with Garbus, Cort(C)s and Dan Cogan.
Abrams ran as the Democratic party's nominee in the 2018 gubernatorial election in Georgia and was the first Black woman to be a major-party gubernatorial nominee in the United States. She narrowly lost to Republican Brian Kemp, who was accused by Abrams of voter suppression activities after he refused to resign as secretary of state while campaigning for governor.
''Raising the alarm about voter suppression is critical to the integrity of our democracy,'' Abrams said. ''The failure of state leaders in Georgia and other states across the country to protect the rights of voters, as seen in the 2018 election and 2020 primaries, must be exposed and it must be stopped. Justice in our criminal justice system and the sacred right to vote are not equal for all Americans and we must find a way to change these systematic inequalities. As the 2020 election approaches, this documentary will help voters realize the power of their voices, and it will inspire them to overcome the obstacles of voter suppression.''
After the 2018 election, Abrams launched Fair Fight to ensure every American has a voice in the election system through programs such as Fair Fight 2020, an initiative to fund and train voter protection teams in 20 battleground states.
''We are honored to be working with brilliant filmmakers Liz Garbus and Lisa Cort(C)s and the remarkable Stacey Abrams on this timely and important documentary,'' said Jennifer Salke, head of Amazon Studios. ''In this critical election year, Stacey's expertise and fearless stance against voter suppression will resonate strongly with audiences everywhere and can inspire positive change in supporting all Americans' right to cast their vote.''
Garbus is a two-time Oscar-nominee for ''The Farm: Angola USA'' and ''What Happened, Miss Simone'' and a two-time Emmy winner. Cort(C)s executive produced the 2009 film '''‹Precious'‹.'' Cogan won the documentary Oscar for ''Icarus.''
The documentary was originally brought to Amazon Studios by Ted Hope, prior to his departure. He will continue to consult on the film under his first-look deal with the company.
Trump comeback rally features empty seats, staff infections | News , World | THE DAILY STAR
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 07:15
Jun. 21, 2020 | 12:05 PM
President Donald Trump speaks during his campaign rally at BOK Center in Tulsa, Okla., Saturday, June 20, 2020. (Ian Maule/Tulsa World via AP)
Associated Press
you've reached a subscriber-only article. Sign up now and access the full breadth of The Daily Star content in minutes.
subscribe now unrestricted access 1 month...$12 | 3 months...$30 | 6 months...$55 | 1 year...$99 Existing users can login here or register for a new account. Advertisement
"; completeHTML += "" + text[0] + "" + text[1] + "
"; } document.getElementById("ulNews").innerHTML = completeHTML; } } } } } GetLiveNews();
ALWEER muziekverbod voor Donald Trump | Entertainment | Telegraaf.nl
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 07:16
''¸ ANP
'ž Donald Trump was totaal niet bevoegd om dit nummer te gebruiken'', schrijven Petty 's dochters Adria en Annakim, weduwe Dana en zijn eerste vrouw Jane in de verklaring. 'žTom Petty had nooit gewild dat een van zijn nummers gebruikt zou worden voor een haatcampagne. Hij wilde mensen juist graag samenbrengen.''
'žTom schreef dit nummer voor de underdogs, voor de gewone man en voor iedereen'', gaan de dames verder. 'žWe willen duidelijk maken dat iedereen vrij is om te stemmen en te vinden wat ze willen, maar de Petty-familie staat h­er niet achter. Wij geloven in Amerika en we geloven in democratie. Maar Donald Trump vertegenwoordigt geen van die twee nobele idealen.''
De familie heeft zijn campagneteam een last onder dwangsom gegeven mocht het nummer nog eens gedraaid worden tijdens een van zijn bijeenkomsten.
Eerder lieten onder meer R.E.M., Nickelback en Ozzy Osbourne al weten dat Trump geen muziek meer van hen mag gebruiken tijdens zijn campagnes.
Dagelijks alles over de sterren en royals in je inbox?Ongeldig e-mailadres. Vul nogmaals in aub.
Uitschrijven kan met 1 klik
EuroLand
Top French general announces preparations for ''state against state'' wars - World Socialist Web Site
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:46
Top French general announces preparations for ''state against state'' wars By Will Morrow 19 July 2020The head of the French Armed Forces, General Thierry Burkhard, rolled out a new military strategy document on Wednesday that signals the turn by French imperialism to preparations for large-scale ''state against state'' wars.
Introducing the document before the National Assembly's defense committee, Burkhard made clear that the blueprint, entitled ''Operational security 2030,'' would prepare the military for wars against not only the targets of French neo-colonial interventions in the Middle East and North Africa of the past 15 years, but major powers.
Drawing an analogy to the coronavirus pandemic, Burkhard stated that the eruption of a major war ''is missing only the patient zero of a war epidemic.'' In other words, the conditions for a war between major powers already exist and are awaiting only the necessary spark to set it off.
Capt. Samuel Norton, right, executive officer of the amphibious assault ship USS Nassau and General Thierry Burkhard, left. (Wikipedia Commons)''The world is evolving quickly enough and badly enough,'' he said, pointing to a growth in the pace of conflicts and an ''uninhibited re-militarisation.'' The army had ''imagined a situation of 2035'... But in 2020, a certain number of check-boxes are already ticked.'' France now confronted ''the end of a stage of conflicts'' that had been marked by interventions in the Sahel and Afghanistan, in which French forces enjoyed overwhelming military superiority against the targeted populations. The army expects new, ''symmetric'' conflicts, Burkhard said, ''state against state.''
In an internal video to the army cited by Le Monde, Burkhard added that ''the most minor incident can degenerate into an uncontrolled military escalation.''
Le Monde, reporting on Burkhard's statements, quoted an unnamed NATO official in Paris pointing to a war with nuclear-armed Russia. ''The future conflict with Russia will not be preceded by an invasion, but perhaps by tactical miscalculations that will draw us in.'' The official's conclusion was that ''the French army must concentrate on its deterrence capacities'''--that is, on nuclear weapons'--while ''always testing itself and innovating under pressure, developing its arms, its interoperability, its anti-missile defenses'...''
The conclusion drawn by Burkhard from his presentation of the state of world geopolitics was that France must carry out a massive build up in every area of its military forces. Between now and 2030 it must ''harden the military so that it is ready for more difficult engagements'' and ''shocks,'' he said. This ''did not mean that we must prepare to re-do May 1940,'' when French military forces were defeated in World War II, because ''we must better combine the effects of cyber and information technology.''
The General and the assembled members of the defense committee did not spell out the implications of this invocation of a new world war, which today would rapidly develop into a nuclear conflagration that would dwarf in its death toll the more than 85 million people killed in the course of the Second World War.
Le Monde, citing the statement of unnamed generals, noted that the term of ''the masses'' had returned to the vocabulary of the military. ''They have noted that the 155mm Caesar cannon fired more than 20,000 rounds in three years in Iraq, or that an international force of 90,000 soldiers were needed to expel 15,000 jihadists from Mosul. The French army will not increase in size '... but it will extract more significant forces from the reserves.''
The reference to Mosul'--a city destroyed by the US-led coalition in 2017 in an offensive that US General James ''Mad Dog'' Mattis termed a ''war of annihilation,'' killing anywhere up to 40,000 people'--is indicative of the scale of crimes being prepared by the French military.
The blueprint contains numerous references to the need to increase the number of soldiers via the recruitment of youth, referring to the Universal National Service (SNU) reintroduced by President Macron, which includes the option to spend one's compulsory service in the military. Under the title, ''A ground forces ambition for the youth,'' it states that ''without the support of the reserves,'' the army will ''invest in the universal national service in order to extract all the possible opportunities from it.'' Its reintroduction was supported by the entire political establishment, including Jean-Luc M(C)lenchon's Unsubmissive France.
Before the latest announcement, the French military was already carrying out a military build-up alongside its neo-colonial intervention in the Sahel, where 5,000 French troops are deployed. In September 2019, the armed forces budget were increased by '‚¬1.7 billion to '‚¬37.5 billion per year, an increase of 4.5 percent. Nonetheless, Burkhard stated that even this was insufficient, complaining that the army was ruled by a ''corporate mentality'' and declaring that ''efficiency means a lack of resilience.''
In July last year, the Macron administration announced the creation of a new space command, including the deployment of a new generation of satellites equipped with visual cameras to identify and ultimately destroy rival powers' satellites. The announcement was part of French preparations to wage war against major powers, which rely heavily on satellite technology for their operations.
The cost of this program of military build-up is to be paid for by the working class in France and internationally, both in the form of destruction and death and in the slashing of social programs to fund the transfer of resources to the military. Within the working class, however, there is no support for the ruling class' megalomaniacal plans for French imperialist domination and wars for spheres of influence.
Contribute to the fight for socialism in 2020We need you to help the WSWS and ICFI make 2020 the year of international socialist revival. We must expand our work and our influence in the international working class. If you agree, donate today. Thank you.
Lenin statue to be unveiled in west Germany after legal battle - The Local
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:22
You will be connected to www.thelocal.de in just a moment...
Learn about Project Shield
Air France-KLM prepares to slash at least 6,000 jobs - World Socialist Web Site
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:25
By Anthony Torres 20 June 2020The ruling classes worldwide are seizing upon the COVID-19 pandemic to restructure the capitalist economy, slashing hundreds of thousands of jobs, benefits and social conditions. After French President Emmanuel Macron announced a '‚¬15 billion aerospace industry bailout, Air France-KLM is preparing to slash thousands of jobs after having received '‚¬7 billion in state funding.
Major European corporations deemed to be strategic are being restructured based on the '‚¬1.35 trillion in money printed by the European Central Bank (ECB) and the '‚¬500 billion French state bailout to boost profits by slashing jobs. After tens of thousands of jobs were cut in the auto industry including at Renault and Nissan, it is the airlines' turn. British Airways is cutting 12,000 jobs and Ryanair is preparing 3,000 job cuts. Lufthansa wants to cut 22,000 full-time and 4,000 part time jobs. Airbus is to cut over 10,000 jobs, or 10 percent of its workforce.
Wednesday morning, the Air France-KLM board was brought together by president Anne-Marie Couderc and CEO Benjamin Smith. It announced a record loss of '‚¬1.8 billion in the first quarter, although in that period, air traffic was seriously impacted only in March.
The daily Lib(C)ration reported that Air France-KLM ''is paying not only for the stupendous collapse of its revenues, because most of its planes are stuck on the ground, but also for the low price of petroleum.'' It had agreed to buy kerosene in advance at a price which is now well above the market price after the collapse of oil markets due to the pandemic. Now it is sitting unused, leaving a '‚¬500 million hole in the corporation's bottom line.
The very gradual regrowth of air traffic does not help Air France-KLM: its flights to America, Asia and Africa are the most profitable but they are generating no revenue because the European Union's (EU) Schengen zone borders are closed. The company anticipates massive losses in coming quarters.
It has announced cuts in investment from '‚¬3.6 billion to '‚¬2.4 billion, including cancelling the purchase of three long-range Airbus jets this year. But the cost-cutting measures will affect jobs the most brutally. According to Lib(C)ration, during the corporate board meeting, ''the two representatives of the French state did not make even the slightest comment'' when the plans for job cuts were announced.
Smith did not announce any specific figures, but he reportedly plans to slash jobs in administrative services and in Air France's regional flights. Its regional subsidiary Hop is to see the number and volume of flights cut by half. According to a member of management who spoke anonymously, 6,000 to 10,000 jobs will be cut out of 80,000 total.
Aerospace workers, like autoworkers, are not responsible for the losses in these industries, nor for the pandemic. The hundreds of billions of euros forked over to the banks and big corporations must go to save jobs and boost wages and benefits, through the nationalization of firms under workers control at the European and international level. This requires a political struggle by the working class, aiming to take power, expropriate the financial aristocracy and build the United Socialist States of Europe.
To fight the attacks now being planned, workers need to build their own action committees, independently of the unions and their political allies to organize a political struggle against Macron and the EU.
Workers at Air France-KLM must be warned that the state, Air France and the union bureaucracies are negotiating attacks behind their backs. All are agreed upon the plan to slash jobs. The unions did not try to mobilize workers to take strike action against job cuts, because they are already negotiating them outright with Benjamin Smith and the rest of management. Air France-KLM workers already have a long experience with the treachery of Air France unions.
Already in 2014, Air France workers faced several corporate restructuring plans slashing several thousand jobs and cutting wages, with the complicity of the National Union of Airline Pilots (SNPL) and the Stalinist General Confederation of Labor (CGT) unions. That year, Air France pilots struck for 14 days against plans to develop a low-cost subsidiary, Transavia. The strike not only cost the company hundreds of millions of euros but staggered the unpopular government of then French President Fran§ois Hollande.
Like Hollande's social-democratic government, the unions feared that this strike, which enjoyed broad popular support, could encourage broader strike action in the working class.
Manuel Valls, the social democratic prime minister, intervened to demand the end of the strike, which the SNPL rapidly did, claiming that it ''is our duty to preserve the company's future and to bandage its wounds before irreparable damage is done.''
In 2018, as French rail workers struck against Macron's rail privatization plan, Air France workers also took strike action alongside students protesting university reform plans. Air France unions ended the strike, however, after Smith was named CEO, to avoid a broader political movement against Macron that would have escaped the unions' control. This allowed the unions to isolate striking rail workers from other layers of workers, ensuring passage of the rail privatization and preparing Macron's pension cuts.
Now, amid the pandemic, the unions are preparing another attack on the members they claim to represent. They will try to play different sections of the workforce against each other to divide Air France-KLM workers, as a pilot with a long trade union record told Lib(C)ration: ''Benjamin Smith has ceaselessly told us in French and in English that we are the leaders of the company. The pilots are won over by his rhetoric, especially given that he knows air transport much better than his predecessors at the head of the company.''
Despite what this union official claims, pilots will also be impacted by layoffs and will oppose the corporation's cost-cutting plans. The defence of their jobs and working conditions requires unifying their struggle with those of other layers of workers in the corporation. Indeed, this declaration signifies in the final analysis that the SNPL will not try to mobilize the pilots, in order to divide and weaken the Air France-KLM workers' struggle.
The period since 2018 has seen many social struggles organized independently of the unions, like those of the ''yellow vests'' in France or of Portuguese nurses. Now it is essential to organize struggles independently of the unions, in committees of action, to defend jobs and wages internationally'--thus including workers both at Air France and at the Dutch firm KLM'--threatened by social attacks caused by the pandemic.
Vaccines
US Troops Would Be Among First to Get a Working COVID-19 Vaccine, Officials Say | Military.com
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:02
U.S. service members would be among the first Americans to receive the vaccine against COVID-19 if one is proven to be safe and effective, senior administration officials told reporters Tuesday.
Speaking about the Trump administration's effort to develop, make and distribute a working vaccine against the deadly coronavirus by early next year, officials said those likely to receive it first include the most vulnerable, such as the elderly, those with underlying health conditions, workers in essential businesses and the U.S. military.
Read Next: Guard Kills Trespassing Suspect at Navy SEAL Training Facility in Alaska.
"Our role, as the federal government, is to ensure anyone who is vulnerable, cannot afford it and desire it can get it, those critical to infrastructure get it, essential workers get it, and those associated with national defense get it. That's our obligation," the official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak in an official capacity.
Operation Warp Speed, as the administration's initiative to deliver a vaccine against the coronavirus is dubbed, is simultaneously supporting efforts to develop, manufacture and distribute 300 million doses of a prophylactic if an effective one is found.
The goal is to have an effective vaccine by January, 2021. But urgency and speed will not eclipse safety in the effort, the officials said.
Seeking to quell concerns over the potential risks of a vaccine developed in months, rather than the years it normally takes to field immunizations and medications, the officials said the Operation Warp Speed coalition is mindful of the calendar but safety and efficacy comes first.
"As you all know, there are no sure things in science," said an official. "What we can tell Americans is that we've taken every possible step to maximize the probability of success and shorten the timelines to getting safe and effective vaccines and therapeutics."
Fourteen candidates have been selected from more than 100 candidates and will be narrowed to a field of seven, with large-scale randomized trials proceeding for the most promising.
Operation Warp Speed, led by Moncef Slaoui, former chairman of global vaccines at GlaxoSmithKline, and Army Gen. Gustave Perna, head of U.S. Army Materiel Command, is spearheading simultaneous efforts to develop, manufacture and distribute a vaccine.
As part of the effort, HHS has awarded nearly $1 billion to pharmaceutical companies Johnson & Johnson and Moderna to support their vaccine candidates, which have started early clinical trials or are about to start them.
In May, HHS awarded $1.2 billion to AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford, which is expected to conduct a clinical trial this summer with 30,000 volunteers in the U.S.
The government also has partnered with companies to improve manufacturing capabilities and capacities and contracted with companies to provide syringes and vials to store and administer the vaccines.
Acknowledging the small but growing and vocal anti-vaccination movement that is seizing the opportunity to unite and protest any future mass inoculation effort, the officials stressed the importance of the research and development process, which they say is occurring carefully, albeit at warp speed.
"We are well aware of the crisis of vaccine confidence in recent years in the U.S. and around the world, and the Department of Health and Human Services has undertaken significant efforts to fight back against these trends," said the officials. "The same steps we will take to ensure the safety of vaccines that protect millions of American lives every day will be required."
Despite a massive effort that involves public and private ventures and support from HHS, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Agriculture and others, the officials said they can't promise "a hundred percent chance of success."
"We've made investments, we've mitigated risks, we've seeded options to maximize the probability of having a vaccine by year's end," an official said.
The COVID-19 coronavirus has infected more than 8 million people worldwide and killed at least 438,000. In the U.S., 2.1 million people have been diagnosed with the illness and more than 116,000 have died.
Officials also said an economic analysis of stay-at-home orders across the U.S. cost the economy $20 billion per day.
The U.S. military has taken a significant role in Operation Warp Speed, with Perna as chief operating officer and Army generals leading both operational directorates within the organization: Army Lt. Gen. Paul Ostrowski leading the supply, production and distribution directorate; and Army Brig. Gen. Michael McCurry leading the security assurance directorate.
Another three dozen DoD personnel also are working on the project within HHS.
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research announced last week that it has selected a lead vaccine candidate from among the ones that Army researchers have been working on since January.
It narrowed down its most promising as well as two backups from a field of more than two dozen prototypes, according to a release from the Army's Medical Research and Development Command.
WRAIR plans to test its leading vaccines in humans later this year.
Army officials said their design, which uses a type of nanoparticle that introduces pieces of the spike protein seen on the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus to the immune system, may eventually lead the way to development of a universal vaccine against other coronaviruses, including those that cause the common cold, as well as SARS and MERS.
"USAMRDC is moving at unprecedented speeds in the effort to prevent, detect, and treat COVID-19. We are supporting the whole-of-government response with the scientific knowledge and expertise to combat this world-wide challenge," said Brig. Gen. Michael J. Talley, commanding general of the USAMRDC and Fort Detrick, Maryland. "With the recent selection of this vaccine candidate, we believe we are one step closer to that goal."
As of Monday, 12,152 service members, dependents and civilian DoD employees have been diagnosed with COVID-19, and 36 have died. The U.S. Navy has been hardest hit among the services, with 2,756 cases; followed by the Army, with 2,245 cases; the Marine Corps, with 729; and the Air Force, with 700.
The National Guard Bureau, which saw thousands of its members called up to respond to the national emergency declared over the pandemic, has had 1,532 cases.
-- Patricia Kime can be reached at Patricia.Kime@Monster.com. Follow her on Twitter @patriciakime.
Related: SECDEF 'Absolutely Confident' US Will Have a COVID-19 Vaccine by Year's End
Show Full Article (C) Copyright 2020 Military.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
It Finally Happened: Child Taken Due to COVID-19 - Parental Rights
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:36
Well, they've finally done it.
We've been watching for it all along, hoping against hope that the System would prove us wrong and somehow behave itself. But we kept watching, because we know what the System is made of.
Sure enough, it finally happened.
''Today in dependency court madness, LA County Dept. of Children and Family Services (DCFS) recommended that the court remove my client's child from their physical custody after the parent tested positive for COVID-19. This is a non-offending parent. The judge ruled in favor of DCFS and detained.'' (emphasis added)
So says a Los Angeles-area attorney in a post on Facebook last week. (We have not yet been able to confirm the case, but the lawyer's account remains live on Facebook.)
He continues, ''Let that sink in . . . DCFS is asking for children to [be] removed from their parents' custody due to COVID-19 despite the parent making the appropriate arrangements for their child.'' (emphasis added)
To be clear, right now we are talking about one child in one courtroom. The family, who we understand are working on filing a writ of habeas corpus to have their child returned, hasn't had time yet to finish that writ, let alone file for a full appeal.
However, once there is one rotten ruling, it becomes easier for others to follow.
Some of you have been sounding alarms ever since reports came out that child welfare forms were changed to indicate COVID-19 was present in the home at the time of the child's removal.
Our analysis at the time was, and remains, that the change in the form was not intended to make COVID-19 an excuse for separating families. It was intended as a means to warn a potential foster family or group home that an in-coming child has been exposed to the virus.
But, like so many of you, we also saw the potential for danger, and we have kept our ear to the ground. Sure enough, now an LA County judge has taken the plunge down the rabbit hole.
To state the matter plainly, the government has no authority to remove a child from their private home simply because the child or a parent has contracted COVID-19. This is especially true if, as indicated by this family's lawyer, the parents have made appropriate arrangements to see to it the child can be taken care of somewhere away from the infected parent.
In such instances, there is absolutely no need for the court to even be involved.
This is not'--this will not be'--the new normal. Under no circumstances will we stand by while innocent families suffer the humiliating and life-shattering trauma of unnecessary, unconstitutional, unconscionable separation.
We are working to know more about this situation, and we will certainly stay vigilant in watching for more instances, and for tracking what happens in this case.
Thank you for joining us in this fight. Standing together, we will make sure this does not become ''the new normal.'' Families have a right to be together; let's make sure that right is protected.
Sincerely,
Michael RameyExecutive Director
Note (June 18): Today we added to this page a link to the Facebook post so you can see for yourselves. As mentioned earlier, we have not yet been able to verify this beyond Facebook. But there are two additional points to consider regarding its reliability:
First, there is an attorney database by which attorneys can look each other up. We checked that database and verified that the original Facebook author, who claims to be an L.A.-area attorney, is in fact an L.A.-area attorney. This alone adds a lot of credibility.
Second, multiple other attorneys have weighed in among the comments on his post, saying they're facing similar challenges. Now that you can access that through the link above, you'll be able to see some of those comments for yourself.
The First Covid Vaccines May Not Prevent Covid Infection
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:19
Need help? Contact us We've detected unusual activity from your computer networkTo continue, please click the box below to let us know you're not a robot.
Why did this happen?Please make sure your browser supports JavaScript and cookies and that you are not blocking them from loading. For more information you can review our Terms of Service and Cookie Policy.
Need Help?For inquiries related to this message please contact our support team and provide the reference ID below.
Block reference ID:
LGBBTQQIAAPK
Trump administration pushes ahead with rollback of LGBT health care protections, even as Supreme Court bars sex discrimination on the job - Chicago Tribune
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:29
The Trump administration Friday moved forward with a rule that rolls back health care protections for transgender people, even as the Supreme Court barred sex discrimination against LGBT individuals on the job.
Parade-goers carrying rainbow flags walk down a street during the LBGTQ Pride march in New York, to celebrate five decades of LGBTQ pride, marking the 50th anniversary of the police raid that sparked the modern-day gay rights movement.
...
more (Wong Maye-E/AP) The rule from the Department of Health and Human Services was published in the Federal Register, the official record of the executive branch, with an effective date of Aug. 18. That will set off a barrage of lawsuits from gay rights and women's groups. It also signals to religious and social conservatives in President Donald Trump's political base that the administration remains committed to their causes as the president pursues his reelection.
The Trump administration rule would overturn Obama-era sex discrimination protections for transgender people in health care.
Strikingly similar to the underlying issues in the job discrimination case before the Supreme Court, the Trump health care rule rests on the idea that sex is determined by biology. The Obama version relied on a broader understanding shaped by a person's inner sense of being male, female, neither, or a combination.
Writing for the majority in this week's 6-3 decision, Justice Neil Gorsuch said, "An employer who fires an individual for being homosexual or transgender fires that person for traits or actions it would not have questioned in members of a different sex.
''Sex plays a necessary and undisguisable role in the decision, exactly what (civil rights law) forbids,'' wrote Gorsuch, who was nominated to the court by Trump.
The president thundered back in a tweet: ''These horrible & politically charged decisions coming out of the Supreme Court are shotgun blasts into the face of people that are proud to call themselves Republicans or Conservatives.''
In the HHS rule, the department's Office for Civil Rights anticipated a Supreme Court ruling on job discrimination ''will likely have ramifications'' for its health discrimination rule.
But health care is different, HHS argued. ''The binary biological character of sex (which is ultimately grounded in genetics) takes on special importance in the health context,'' administration lawyers wrote. ''Those implications might not be fully addressed by future (job discrimination) rulings even if courts were to deem the categories of sexual orientation or gender identity to be encompassed by the prohibition on sex discrimination in (civil rights law).''
Cornell University constitutional law scholar Michael Dorf says that doesn't sound like a persuasive argument to him.
''I don't think it works very well,'' said Dorf. ''In Justice Gorsuch's opinion he's not saying the word 'sex' is ambiguous. He's saying that when you do all the reasoning, it's clear that 'sex' includes sexual orientation and gender identity.''
Civil rights laws on employment and health care may be different in a technical sense, said Dorf, but ''it seems to be a very short distance to say (the Supreme Court ruling) also applies'' to sex discrimination in health care.
Not so fast, said Gregory Baylor, an attorney for the religious liberty group Alliance Defending Freedom. ''Biological sex matters in many health care settings in a way that it doesn't matter in many employment decisions,'' Baylor said. He cited the shortcomings of drug trials that use male patients but not women, when there can be differences in how medications affect both genders.
But gay rights and women's groups say their arguments against the health care rule have clearly been strengthened by the Supreme Court.
''The decision puts the (HHS) rule on even shakier ground than it ever was,'' said Omar Gonzalez-Pagan, a lawyer specializing in health care with the LGBTQ civil rights group Lamba Legal.
Michelle Banker, an attorney for the National Women's Law Center, said the administration's timing raises process questions that could later become important in a court challenge. It was only last week HHS announced it had finalized the rule.
''Agencies are required to make reasoned, rational decisions when they make policy,'' said Banker. ''The Supreme Court just weighed in and said that the legal interpretation they are relying on is wrong, and they have not grappled with that.''
The Obama-era rule was intended to carry out anti-discrimination provisions in former President Barack Obama's signature health care law, which included a provision that barred sex discrimination in health care. The Trump administration says its predecessor went beyond what Congress authorized in protecting gender identity as well as biological gender.
Another provision of the Obama rule bars discrimination in health care against women on grounds of having or not having abortions. The Trump rule overturns that as well. Baylor said there's nothing in the Supreme Court decision that would affect the Trump administration's decision.
HHS rejects charges by Trump administration critics that it's opening the way for discrimination.
''HHS respects the dignity of every human being,'' said Roger Severino, head of the department's civil rights office. ''We vigorously protect and enforce the civil rights of all to the fullest extent permitted by our laws as passed by Congress.''
Apple's Apps
Apple doubles down on its right to profit from other businesses | TechCrunch
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 15:50
Apple this week is getting publicly dragged for digging in its heels over its right to take a cut of subscription-based transactions that flow through its App Store. Almost unbelievably, it's doing so in the middle of antitrust investigations both in the EU and the U.S. '-- the latter which CEO Tim Cook may decide to skip '-- in which lawmakers will attempt to determine if Apple abuses its market position and power to disadvantage its competitors.
This is not a new complaint, but one that came to a head this week over Apple's decision to reject app updates from Basecamp's newly launched subscription-based email app called ''Hey.''
Hey offers a $99-per-year subscription for access to its nouveau email service that works across web, Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS and Android, but not via standard email protocols. The Hey iOS app was initially approved by Apple, but then put on pause '-- meaning Basecamp couldn't submit any updates or bug fixes until it added an option for users to subscribe to Hey's service through an in-app purchase.
This decision on Apple's part was met with shock, horror and outrage by Basecamp co-founder and Chief Technology Officer David Heinemeier Hansson and, to some extent, the broader iOS developer community.
Wow. I'm literally stunned. Apple just doubled down on their rejection of HEY's ability to provide bug fixes and new features, unless we submit to their outrageous demand of 15-30% of our revenue. Even worse: We're told that unless we comply, they'll REMOVE THE APP.
'-- DHH (@dhh) June 16, 2020
Heinemeier Hansson was a vocal opponent to Apple's policies well before the launch of Hey. He testified before Congress as part of a series of hearings over online platforms and market power. Last year, he called out Apple Card for discriminatory practices. Of all people for Apple to antagonize amid multiple antitrust probes '-- and the week before Apple's Worldwide Developer Conference '-- this was certainly a bold choice.
In a series of tweets, Heinemeier Hansson made the case as to why Apple's reasoning made no sense.
Here's the rejection letter. I love how they frame their shakedown as "offer customers the option". Not a single mention of the fact that Apple will take 15-30% of our business through this. THIS IS ALL JUST FOR THE CONSUMER GOOD, YOU SEE. pic.twitter.com/rzQbsfCHvs
'-- DHH (@dhh) June 16, 2020
Arguably, the whole debacle served as a nice bit of high-profile marketing for a brand-new app that would have otherwise flown under the radar. But, nonetheless, his larger points have drawn debate: that Apple's policies are confusing, appear to be inconsistently applied and are anti-competitive.
For starters, Basecamp's new email app Hey competes with Apple's built-in Mail app. That means it already has to convince users to forgo the iPhone's free email experience for its differentiated one. And when it does acquire a user, Apple wants it to hand over a commission no matter if the new user discovered the app for the first time on the App Store or somewhere else. (Like a TechCrunch article!)
Apple argues its policies around the use of in-app purchases are not new. In fact, they've been in place since the first set of App Store Review Guidelines were published in September 2010, the company told TechCrunch when questioned about its decision.
The section around in-app purchases was relocated to 3.X from 11.X in 2016, but today states that multi-platform apps can allow access to subscriptions provided elsewhere so long as in-app purchases are also offered with the iOS app. The rules also state that developers can't directly or indirectly tell iOS users how to make a purchase outside the app. (Hey has a Help screen that says you can't sign up in the app and ''we know that's a pain.'') The rules also say you can't discourage the use of in-app purchases.
In other words, Apple seems to argue, Basecamp should have known better.
That argument would hold up if the iOS developer community largely believed Apple enforced its rules uniformly, but that's not the case.
As Apple observer John Gruber of Daring Fireball pointed out, Apple makes a distinction between business services and consumer apps when enforcing in-app purchase policies. This has to do with how business software is often paid for '-- by the company on a per-seat basis, not the end user, as a report by Protocol first noted. That's why Basecamp's flagship service for businesses can be offered in the App Store without a subscription sign-up, but its consumer app Hey cannot.
That's a confusing distinction to make '-- and one not documented by Apple's rules '-- as the line between software meant for business versus consumer use has long since been blurred. In fact, that blurring comes about, in part, because of the democratized access to business-grade software made possible through platforms like the Apple App Store. Consumers today can sign up for ''business'' apps like Slack and Dropbox, then choose to use them freely or pay for extra features, like more storage. Had the email app Hey also offered a free tier, it would have likely avoided this mess.
Business apps aren't the only distinction Apple makes when determining how to apply its policies.
Apple also created a separate rule for a type of apps it broadly refers to as ''reader'' apps, even though they aren't necessarily about parsing the printed word.
This set does include reading apps '-- like magazines, newspapers and books. And it's why the Kindle app lets you read your e-books, but doesn't tell you how to buy more or offer a way to do so in the app. The group has also expanded to include audio, music, video, access to professional databases, VoIP, cloud storage and other approved services, like classroom management apps.
Not surprisingly, this group of apps where Apple permits the companies to forgo the in-app purchase option (so long as they never ever mention how else to subscribe) are also among those with a direct competitor to an Apple paid service.
For example, Spotify, which competes with Apple Music, is considered a ''reader'' app. The group also includes rivals to Apple TV+, iCloud, Podcasts, Classroom, Books and others.
Spotify has been among the most vocal about how Apple's policy negatively impacts its business. Last year, it filed an antitrust complaint against Apple in the EU. That investigation is now underway, which Spotify says is great news for consumers.
''Apple's anticompetitive behavior has intentionally disadvantaged competitors, created an unlevel playing field, and deprived consumers of meaningful choice for far too long,'' Spotify's statement read. ''We welcome the European Commission's decision to formally investigate Apple, and hope they'll act with urgency to ensure fair competition on the iOS platform for all participants in the digital economy,'' it added.
But for the most part, only larger companies have been willing to stand up to Apple publicly on this front.
Among these is Fortnite maker Epic Games, which wants to sell software through its own iOS app. Its CEO, Tim Sweeney, said he wants all iOS developers to have the option to process payments directly and install software from any source, and won't seek out any ''special deal just for ourselves.''
Here Apple speaks of a level playing field. To me, this means: All iOS developers are free to process payments directly, all users are free to install software from any source. In this endeavor, Epic won't seek nor accept a special deal just for ourselves.https://t.co/A4sT1eMKMm
'-- Tim Sweeney (@TimSweeneyEpic) June 17, 2020
More recently, e-book seller Kobo added its voice to a growing list of anticompetitive complaints, saying it can't fairly compete against Apple Books when it has to share 30% of revenue from purchases with Apple. (The company, like many others, currently sells only from its website to avoid this fee.)
Tinder parent Match also released a lengthy statement against Apple's in-app purchase policy, saying it's ''acutely aware of [Apple's] power over us.'' Match additionally said it's unfair how only digital service providers have to share revenue with Apple when others '-- like rideshare apps and social networking apps '-- do not.
But many developers bite their tongue and play along with Apple's rules out of fear. Stratechery founder Ben Thompson posted to Twitter on Tuesday how he's hearing from a number of developers who claim Apple is refusing to update their app until they add an in-app purchase option for their SaaS (software as a service) business. It's unclear, given these developers didn't go on record, how many of their apps had been mistakenly approved by App Store reviewers in the first place.
Of course, the line between Apple enforcing an existing policy it's been lax on and a change in direction around enforcement of App Store policies has always been a gray area at best. (Remember how all of a sudden Amazon's Prime Video app could rent and sell movies once Apple had its own Apple TV+ app it wanted to distribute on Fire TV? And Apple said that fell under an existing policy '-- one that magically now included permission for Amazon?)
In another gray area, Apple appears to turn a blind eye toward companies that incentivize users to pay for access to their upgraded features outside the App Store. For example, Google sells its YouTube Premium service for $11.99 per month via the web, but for $15.99 per month on the App Store to account for Apple's commission. Apple allows this, despite its rule that says developers can't discourage the use of in-app purchases. (Apparently, giving users a way to save nearly $50 per year by shopping outside the App Store doesn't count as ''discouraging'' an in-app purchase?)
Developers may be unsure if Google is getting an exception here because it's Google, or because Apple doesn't have an explicit rule that says developers can't charge less when selling a subscription outside the App Store.
The solution to this whole matter is tricky, of course.
As much as developers want to sell directly to consumers without sharing a cut with Apple, it would be wrong to say that apps don't benefit from Apple's distribution platform. Would iOS apps ever have found as large an audience if they were all side-loaded bits of software instead of being organized, ranked, curated and featured in a built-in App Store?
Plus, consumers want the convenience of making easy purchases inside an app with a payment card they keep on file. Amazon proved consumer demand for this with one-click checkout, which allowed it to capture massive e-commerce market share over the years. In other words, take away the option to make purchases directly in iOS apps via Apple Pay and prepare for a consumer backlash.
A better compromise would be a reduction in the cut that Apple takes. Today, Apple currently charges a 30% commission on subscriptions in year one, which drops to 15% in year two. These commissions are often for apps that have built sizable brands without Apple's help '-- Spotify, YouTube, Pandora, Hulu, Netflix, Tinder, Fortnite, etc. These apps don't need the App Store to be ''discovered'' by users or curated into ''must'' lists by App Store editors, they simply need to serve their existing users who happen to carry an iPhone.
Apple may deserve to stick its hand in the pot to some extent for making apps easy to find, install and pay for, but it's getting much harder to argue that 30% is the right price for such a system. Developers also want more power over their own businesses. Some would want to offer easier payments through the App Store, while others may want to direct payments via the web to avoid Apple's cut. And some would opt for a combination of both. But at the end of the day, developers want to shoulder the blame or enjoy the benefit of those decisions '-- not have the decisions made for them.
Apple's app store is suddenly a flashpoint in the Big Tech debate
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 18:09
Apple has been called a lot of different names over the years. On Tuesday, an executive for a new email app added another one to the list: ''gangsters.''
''There is no chance in bloody hell that we're going to pay Apple's ransom,'' wrote David Heinemeier Hansson, the chief technology officer of Basecamp, the Chicago tech company behind Hey, a new email app aimed at people willing to pay $99 a year for aggressive filtering of their inbox. "I will burn this house down myself, before I let gangsters like that spin it for spoils."
The online vitriol began earlier this week when Hey said that Apple was forcing it to make changes so that Apple would get a cut of its sales. Hey had planned to sign up subscribers through a website with no involvement by Apple except distributing the app through Apple's app store, similar to how many people subscribe to Netflix or other subscription services.
Apple charges a commission of 30 percent on users who subscribe through the app store. Hey said Apple threatened to block the app if it didn't comply.
And Apple isn't backing down. In an email Thursday to Basecamp chief executive Jason Fried, shared by Apple with NBC News, Apple said that the Hey app needed to change to include in-app purchasing as an option for users.
Apple has been here before. Many companies have bristled at what they call Apple's ''tax'' and the policies Apple has to ensure money flows through its platform. Last year, Spotify complained about it to European antitrust authorities, while Apple countered that Spotify pays only a small amount.
But the circumstances have changed. In Europe, complaints about Apple have ballooned into two newly announced investigations, one into the app store and another into Apple Pay. In the United States, antitrust enforcers are scrutinizing how Big Tech firms wield their power, from mergers to their lucrative advertising business. The Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission and House antitrust investigators have made Apple part of their broad review of competition in the tech sector.
House Antitrust Subcommittee Chairman David Cicilline, D-R.I., called Apple's commission ''highway robbery'' in an interview on The Vergecast podcast posted Thursday.
Apple isn't the only big tech company facing antitrust concerns. The CEOs of Amazon, Facebook and Google's parent company have agreed to testify in a congressional hearing, but Apple CEO Tim Cook is holding out, Politico reported this week.
The Hey app has made the blowback even more visible and sparked the attention of other companies. Epic Games, the maker of the game Fortnite, said Tuesday that Apple was being an ''extractive'' monopoly, while Match Group, the parent company of Tinder and OKCupid, said consumers were paying extra as Apple squeezed certain industries.
''We're acutely aware of their power over us,'' Match Group said in a statement to Axios. The company noted that only some apps, deemed ''digital services,'' pay a commission to Apple, while others like ridesharing apps pay nothing.
The situation has also kicked off a discussion within the tech community, with comparisons that may be ominous for Apple.
''I would go so far as to say that executives in the tech industry are more afraid of Apple in 2020 than they were of Microsoft two decades ago,'' Ben Thompson, an independent tech analyst, wrote Thursday in his popular industry newsletter Stratechery.
The Justice Department sued Microsoft in 1998, alleging violations of antitrust law in a case that had long-term implications for the company and the tech industry.
Thompson called Apple's app store review ''an absolute gatekeeper'' and said ''the number of ways that Apple can retaliate are so varied and hard to verify, that no one is willing to publicly breathe a word against the company.''
Microsoft itself is worried about app stores, Brad Smith, the company's president, said in an online event Thursday hosted by Politico.
''Increasingly, you are seeing app stores that have created higher walls and more formidable gates to access to other applications than anything that existed in the industry 20 years ago,'' Smith said. ''The time has come, whether talking about D.C. or Brussels, for a much more focused conversation about the app stores.''
Part of the issue is that Apple's rules for who pays the 30 percent and who doesn't aren't always consistent or transparent, said John Bergmayer, legal director for Public Knowledge, an advocacy group in Washington focused on consumers and tech. Google's Gmail has a paid version, but Apple doesn't share in that revenue or publicly explain the difference, he said.
The harsh scrutiny for Apple's app store could hardly come at a worse time for the company, as legal challenges pile up.
Two app developers filed a lawsuit last year in a case that makes similar allegations about the app store. It's still pending in federal court in Oakland, California.
And the company was already a defendant in a proposed class-action lawsuit brought by consumers, also in Oakland federal court. Like the app developers, the consumers allege they're being overcharged in the app store by an Apple-run monopoly, and last year the Supreme Court ruled their suit could move forward toward a possible trial.
Apple lost an earlier antitrust case at the Supreme Court four years ago, when the high court upheld a decision that Apple conspired with book publishers to raise the price of e-books.
''An expanding list of antitrust complaints does not work in any firm's favor,'' Diana Moss, president of the American Antitrust Institute, said in an email.
She said there were now ''many pathways'' for an antitrust case to move forward against Apple, and that the company's past decisions in the app store may be telling. ''That evidence could set some unfavorable context in future antitrust cases,'' she said.
But any case may be a steep climb, said Amitai Aviram, a University of Illinois law professor. He said Apple can point potential benefits to consumers from a robust app store review, such as ensuring the integrity of apps, and he said higher prices aren't themselves illegal even if Apple has a monopoly.
''If excessive pricing is an antitrust offense, courts and antitrust agencies will need to determine what is the proper price, which would turn them into price regulators of all markets, something they are not equipped to do,'' Aviram wrote in an email.
Apple did not immediately respond to a request for comment Wednesday, and it is not clear if the company is considering changes to its policies.
Apple has been vocal in defending its app store. On Monday, it said in a news release its ''app economy'' was responsible for $519 billion in economic activity, including everything from Uber and Lyft rides and airline tickets bought through an app to in-app advertising and paid gaming apps.
Apple charges a flat 30 percent commission on paid apps. And for apps that have ongoing subscriptions, Apple charges 30 percent for the first year and 15 percent for successive years '-- if people sign up for the subscriptions through the app store. For people who get subscriptions on a web browser or another way, as Hey planned, Apple gets no cut.
Apple says that app developers get plenty for what they pay, including tools and software kits that make their apps usable and better, free marketing in the app store and camps for entrepreneurs. Consumers get quality control and security assurances, it says.
''We carefully review each app and require developers to follow strict guidelines on privacy, design, and business models,'' the company says on a website dedicated to explaining and defending the store's practices.
Its review team covers 81 languages and since 2016 has removed more than 1.4 million apps that were out of date or not working, Apple says. ''This helps unclutter the search for new apps, and makes it easier for users to find quality apps.''
Bill Barr
Patterico's Pontifications >> WHOA: Trump Attempts Friday Night Massacre; Falls Directly on His Face
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:15
WHOA: Trump Attempts Friday Night Massacre; Falls Directly on His FaceThis is an amazing story. This is likely to drive news coverage for a few days; as Joe Biden might say, it's a big f[vowel deleted]cling deal. So listen up. The explanation will not take long.
Tonight, word came over the wire that the Acting U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, Geoff Berman, had resigned. Odd news for a Friday night. Ever hear the phrase Friday night news dump?
Just one leetle problem: Berman says: I resigned?? The hell I did!
NEW: Geoff Berman statement:
''I learned in a press release from the Attorney General tonight that I was 'stepping down' as United States Attorney. I have not resigned, and have no intention of resigning, my position" pic.twitter.com/L6PQCF9bdU
'-- erica orden (@eorden) June 20, 2020
And guess what? He's right. Until Trump gets someone new confirmed by the U.S. Senate, the better argument is that Trump can't replace him. My favorite law professor at the University of Texas School of Law, Steve Vladeck (narrowly edging out Bobby Chesney; sorry, Bobby!) explains:
Berman is the Acting U.S. Attorney by dint of a *judicial* appointment.
There's a pretty good argument that, per the plain language of 28 U.S.C. § 546(d), he gets to keep serving in that post until the *vacancy* is filled (through Senate confirmation of a permanent successor). pic.twitter.com/xeRpvMRHWN
'-- Steve Vladeck (@steve_vladeck) June 20, 2020
Gabe Malor has an invaluable thread on the whole issue. Who is Trump trying to protect? Best guess is: Rudy ''Crazy Eyes'' Giuliani:
Which Trump friends are under investigation? Speculation says Giuliani in relation to his Ukraine work.
super-cringe
'-- Gabriel Malor (@gabrielmalor) June 20, 2020
Start the popcorn poppin', folks. This is going to be a good one.
Fauci
Trump Smashes Fauci's Claim That NFL Season Is in Jeopardy
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:48
News Sports Drew Angerer / Getty Images Dr. Anthony Fauci, right, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, looks on as President Donald Trump delivers remarks about coronavirus vaccine development in the Rose Garden of the White House on May 15, 2020, in Washington, D.C. (Drew Angerer / Getty Images)
President Donald Trump popped Dr. Anthony Fauci's bubble on Friday, rejecting Fauci's concerns over the National Football League resuming play this fall.
Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, recently said that some form of isolation should be a condition of sports resuming.
''Unless players are essentially in a bubble '-- insulated from the community and they are tested nearly every day '-- it would be very hard to see how football is able to be played this fall. If there is a second wave, which is certainly a possibility and which would be complicated by the predictable flu season, football may not happen this year,'' he told CNN.
Tony Fauci has nothing to do with NFL Football. They are planning a very safe and controlled opening. However, if they don't stand for our National Anthem and our Great American Flag, I won't be watching!!!
'-- Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 19, 2020
TRENDING: Kid Eating Ramen Schools Elitist Chris Cuomo on the Constitution
''Tony Fauci has nothing to do with NFL Football. They are planning a very safe and controlled opening. However, if they don't stand for our National Anthem and our Great American Flag, I won't be watching!!!'' Trump tweeted Friday.
Dr. Allen Sills, the NFL's chief medical officer, said in a statement that players and the league are working to ''mitigate the health risk to players, coaches and other essential personnel.''
''We are developing a comprehensive and rapid-result testing program and rigorous protocols that call for a shared responsibility from everyone inside our football ecosystem,'' he said.
''Make no mistake, this is no easy task,'' Sills added. ''We will make adjustments as necessary to meet the public health environment as we prepare to play the 2020 season as scheduled with increased protocols and safety measures for all players, personnel and attendees. We will be flexible and adaptable in this environment to adjust to the virus as needed.''
Should the NFL return to normal play this fall?
88% (42 Votes)
12% (6 Votes)
Dr. Thom Mayer, medical director for the NFL Players Association, said in a statement that ''Dr. Anthony Fauci's words carry important weight as he has served our country with expert guidance and moral clarity through many crises,'' CBS News reported.
''In addition to stringent protocols and workplace safety, we continue to reinforce the importance of widely available testing. It is not just a key to restarting football, but also a matter of public health. While the information we currently have indicates it will not be an issue in the near future, we all agree that ethically, we can not as a non-essential business, take resources away from our fellow Americans,'' he went on.
Fauci has never been shy about saying public health is more important than sports.
''Safety, for the players and for the fans, trumps everything,'' he told The New York Times in late April. ''If you can't guarantee safety, then unfortunately you're going to have to bite the bullet and say, 'We may have to go without this sport for this season.'''
Fauci has called for gradual steps to reopen sports leagues.
RELATED: Dennis Rodman Issues 8-Word Response to Destructive Rioters Savaging American Cities
''We've got to make sure that when we try to get back to normal, including being able to play baseball in the summer and football in the fall and basketball in the winter, that when we do come back to some form of normality, we do it gradually and carefully. And when cases do start to rebound '-- which they will, no doubt '-- that we have the capability of identifying, isolating and contact tracing.
Fauci then said that isolation is the easiest answer.
''I'm not saying this is the way to go, but you want to at least consider having players, if they're going to play, play in front of a TV camera without people in the audience. And then test all the players and make sure they're negative and keep them in a place where they don't have contact with anybody on the outside who you don't know whether they're positive or negative,'' he said.
''That's going to be logistically difficult, but there's at least the possibility of doing that. In other words, we said that for baseball, get the players in Major League Baseball, get a couple of cities and a couple of hotels, get them tested and keep them segregated. I know it's going to be difficult for them not to be out in society, but that may be the price you pay if you want to play ball.''
The NBA has developed a plan to resume play in July, with games being played at Disney World, but all of the details have yet to be ironed out, according to CBS. The concept of a shortened Major League Baseball season has been discussed, but there has been no agreement between the league and the MLB Players Association.
We are committed to truth and accuracy in all of our journalism. Read our editorial standards.
CCP
China finds heavy coronavirus traces in seafood, meat sections of Beijing food market - Reuters
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 08:51
FILE PHOTO: A vendor wearing a face mask prepares seafood at their stall inside the Yuegezhuang wholesale market, following new cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infections in Beijing, China June 17, 2020. REUTERS/Tingshu Wang
BEIJING (Reuters) - China has found the trading sections for meat and seafood in Beijing's wholesale food market to be severely contaminated with the new coronavirus and suspects the area's low temperature and high humidity may have been contributing factors, officials said on Thursday.
Their preliminary report comes as the country's capital tackles a resurgence of COVID-19 cases over the past week linked to the massive Xinfadi food center, which houses warehouses and trading halls in an area the size of nearly 160 soccer pitches.
The latest outbreak infected more than 100 people and raised fears of wider contagion in China.
Among the patients who work at the Xinfadi market, most serve at seafood and aquatic product stalls, followed by the beef and mutton section, and patients from the seafood market showed symptoms earlier than others, Wu Zunyou, chief epidemiologist at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said at a daily briefing on Thursday.
Low temperatures favorable to viral survival as well as high humidity might be possible explanations for why seafood markets could be a source of outbreaks based on a preliminary assessment, Wu said, cautioning that further investigation was necessary.
China has halted imports from European salmon suppliers this week amid fears they may be linked to the recent outbreak in Beijing.
Health officials have also warned against eating raw salmon after the virus was discovered on chopping boards used for imported salmon, although the origin of the outbreak is not known.
Low standards of hygiene in wholesale food markets and vulnerabilities in its food supply chain need to be urgently addressed, a leading body of the ruling Communist Party said this week.
Reporting by Roxanne Liu and Tony Munroe, Writing by Miyoung Kim; Editing by Hugh Lawson
Africa: Continent Set to Get Debt Relief From China - allAfrica.com
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:48
Chinese President Xi Jinping has pledged to cancel interest-free debt owed by "relevant" African countries as part of Beijing's move to help the continent during the Covid-19 pandemic.
In a speech to a group of African leaders Wednesday, Mr Xi indicated that he will work with other international lenders to cushion African countries most affected by the novel coronavirus to enable them ride out the crisis.
Mr Xi spoke directly to African leaders via video link for the first time since the virus broke out.
"Within the FOCAC (Forum on China-Africa Cooperation) framework, China will cancel the debt of relevant African countries in the form of interest-free government loans that are due to mature by the end of 2020," Xi told his audience, among them South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Kenya's Uhuru Kenyatta and Senegal's Macky Sall, as well as Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. The leaders have been vocal in seeking easier terms on debt amid the pandemic.
"For those African countries that are hardest hit by the coronavirus and are under heavy financial stress, China will work with the global community to give them greater support, by such means as further extending the period of debt suspension, to help them tide over the current difficulty," he added.
China is now the biggest creditor of Africa and is owed some $145 billion by the continent, including some $5 billion by Kenya.
But just under 20 per cent of these loans are interest-free, indicating the cancellation may be insufficient.
Australia cyber attacks: PM Morrison warns of 'sophisticated' state hack - BBC News
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:52
Image copyright EPA Image caption Scott Morrison said the "malicious" activity had been increasing over months Australia's government and institutions are being targeted by ongoing sophisticated state-based cyber hacks, Prime Minister Scott Morrison says.
Mr Morrison said the cyber attacks were widespread, covering "all levels of government" as well as essential services and businesses.
He declined to identify a specific state actor and said no major personal data breaches had been made.
The attacks have happened over many months and are increasing, he said.
The prime minister said his announcement on Friday was intended to raise public awareness and to urge businesses to improve their defences.
But he stressed that "malicious" activity was also being seen globally, making it not unique to Australia.
Who has been targeted?Mr Morrison did not name specific cases but said it had spanned "government, industry, political organisations, education, health, essential service providers and operators of other critical infrastructure".
He did not give further details. Previously, defence manufacturers, government contractors and accounting firms have been among those to report data breaches.
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Australia's parliamentary network was the subject of an attack in 2019 Last year, the Australian National University said it had been hacked by a sophisticated operation which had accessed staff and student details.
Australia's main political parties and parliament were hit by a "malicious intrusion" earlier in 2019, also attributed to a "sophisticated state actor".
Who is behind it?Speaking on Friday, Mr Morrison said officials had identified it as a state hack "because of the scale and nature of the targeting and the trade craft used".
"There are not a large number of state-based actors that can engage in this type of activity," he said, without giving specifics.
When asked to identify a country, Mr Morrison said he would not make "any public attribution".
Cyber intelligence experts have long linked various hacks in Australia to China.
They say China is one of the few states, along with Russia, Iran, and North Korea, which have the capacity for such attacks - and are not allied with Australia. However, they also note that cyber espionage between countries and even allies is common.
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Joshua Kennedy-White: Four countries with the capability and intent"There's always simmering tensions between Russia and China so really it comes down to those being the key actors they [Australia] would be referring to," expert Joshua Kennedy-White told the BBC.
The Reuters news agency has previously reported that Australian intelligence agencies suspected China of carrying out the parliament hack in 2019. Canberra declined to comment.
The unsaid part of the story: ChinaShaimaa Khalil, BBC News Australia correspondent
The headline itself was clear. Many political, educational and health organisations have been targeted by a state-based cyber actor with "significant capabilities". However, much about Mr Morrison's press conference was understated.
For example, it was not clear why this announcement was made at this particular moment - given these attacks have been going on for a while. Mr Morrison made a similar announcement early last year.
Despite blaming a "sophisticated state actor", he refused to name names - even after being directly asked about the country almost everyone was thinking about: China.
Relations between the countries have grown tense in recent years but have significantly worsened after Australia echoed the US in calling for an inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus, first detected in China late last year.
China has since imposed tariffs on Australian barley, stopped beef imports and warned Chinese citizens and students about the "risks" of travelling to Australia for tourism or education because of racist incidents.
Australia has also ratcheted up its rhetoric. Last week, Mr Morrison said he would not give in to "coercion" from Beijing.
It's hard to be 100% sure that China could be behind this, but what we know is that Australia's leadership has chosen a moment when its relationship with its powerful trading partner is at an all-time low to announce publicly that it is under cyber-attack from a powerful state.
Which actions did Mr Morrison urge?He said businesses - particularly health infrastructure and service providers - should improve their technical defences.
Cyber defence agencies had thwarted "many" hacking attempts but protection required "constant persistence and application", he added.
"We raised this issue today not to raise concerns in the public's mind, but to raise awareness in the public's mind," Mr Morrison said.
"We know what is going on. We are on it, but it is a day-to-day task."
Major cyber attacks in Australia2020: Incidents reported across major Australian firms, including steel maker BlueScope, logistics firm Toll Group, and state government agency Services New South Wales
June 2019: The Australian National University revealed a "highly professional" group of up to 15 hackers gained access to student and staff details, as well as academic research, for about six months
February 2019: Australia's parliamentary computer network and political parties were subject of an attempted attack by a "state actor"
2017: Information about fighter planes and navy vessels was stolen from an Australian government contactor.
2015: Foreign spies attacked the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
Trump refers to coronavirus as 'kung flu' during Tulsa rally | TheHill
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:44
President Trump Donald John TrumpProtesters tear down, burn statue of Confederate general in DC US attorney in NYC who spearheaded probes of Trump allies refuses to leave as DOJ pushes ouster Trump to host 4th of July event despite pleas from lawmakers to cancel MORE used a racist term to define the coronavirus Saturday night during his Tulsa, Okla., rally, referring to the disease as the ''kung flu."
COVID-19, the novel disease caused by the coronavirus, is believed to have originated in Wuhan, China, and the term "kung flu," appears to refer to the Chinese martial art of kung fu.
"It's a disease, without question, has more names than any disease in history,'' Trump said at the rally.
''I can name '' Kung flu. I can name 19 different versions of names. Many call it a virus, which it is. Many call it a flu. What difference. I think we have 19 or 20 versions of the name."
Here's Trump calling COVID "kung flu," something the White House denired was said to reporter @weijia. pic.twitter.com/Zcf8p6lMR3
'-- Pod Save America (@PodSaveAmerica) June 21, 2020Trumps comments come as the state of Oklahoma has seen a spike in coronavirus cases over the past week. Hours before the president's rally took place, six members of his campaign's advance team tested positive for COVID-19. However, the campaign noted that none of the staffers who tested positive or anyone who's been in immediate contact with them would be at the rally Saturday.
This is also not the first time the administration has been connected with the offensive term. Earlier this year, the White House vehemently denied claims that administration officials called the virus the ''kung flu'' around CBS's Weijia Jiang, who is Chinese-American.
UPDATE: At his rally in Tulsa just now, President Trump referred to #Coronavirus as the ''Kung-Flu''. https://t.co/yt7rXLzvHi
'-- Weijia Jiang (@weijia) June 21, 2020The administration has also referred to the virus as the ''Chinese Virus'' or the ''Wuhan Virus.''
Trump himself has also repeatedly blamed China for the spread of the disease, arguing that the country could have warned global leaders earlier about the seriousness of its spread.
The president's rally in Tulsa '' which brought thousands of people into an indoor arena with no social distancing enforcement '-- goes directly against guidelines from public health officials, including those on the White House coronavirus task force.
Clips
VIDEO - #162 The Least You Could Do '-- Reply All '-- Overcast
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 08:23
The podcast and artwork embedded on this page are from
gimletmedia.com, which is the property of its owner and not affiliated with or endorsed by Overcast. Overcast is (C) 2014''2020 Overcast Radio, LLC
Privacy Policy '
Terms '
Contact '
Info for Podcasters '
Forecast
VIDEO - (23) Mike Lindell on Twitter: "I'm in Tulsa getting ready to speak for the President @realDonaldTrump! My friend @davidjharrisjr and I just got tested for COVID! We are negative! Praise God! https://t.co/t4OGaEYUQv" / Twitter
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:58
Something went wrong, but don't fret '-- let's give it another shot.
VIDEO -29mins30seconds- Left Policies Are Failing Black Business & Black Kids | Burgess Owens | POLITICS | Rubin Report - YouTube
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:51
VIDEO - Thousands gather for Trump rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma | DW News - YouTube
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:48
VIDEO - (19) SWR Aktuell BW on Twitter: "Dutzende gewaltt¤tige Kleingruppen haben in der Nacht zum Sonntag in der Innenstadt von #Stuttgart randaliert und mehrere Polizisten verletzt. Inzwischen hat sich die Lage beruhigt. Die Hintergr¼nde der Auseinand
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:24
Something went wrong, but don't fret '-- let's give it another shot.
VIDEO - WorkSafe |
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:19
Health check your team regularly to keep your workplace safe
Simple, Powerful, Effective
Protect your team and your workplace.Provide your customers the safety and confidence they need.
Essentials One Location, Unlimited Users
Mobile app & web based access
Broadcast health check-in
SafeWalk / SafeDrive
Pre-made Marketing and Communications templates for your vendors, contractors, and guests
CDC Card
Standard Per Location, Unlimited Users
Mobile app & web based access
Broadcast health check-in
SafeWalk / SafeDrive
Pre-made Marketing and Communications templates for your vendors, contractors, and guests
Resource card, Preventing the Spread, CDC Self-Checker, What to do if you are sick
Safety Map
Global 911
Report a COVID-19 Concern
Automatically sign up employees using your digital roster
Professional Per Location, Unlimited Users
Mobile app & web based access
Broadcast health check-in
SafeWalk /SafeDrive
Pre-made Marketing and Communications templates for your vendors, contractors, and guests
Resource card, Preventing the Spread, CDC Self-Checker, What to do if you are sick
Safety Map
Global 911
Report a COVID-19 Concern
Automatically sign up employees using your digital roster
INTEGRATED HEALTH SURVEY ($500 one-time configuration fee)
Have more questions about the monthly packages or integrated health surveys? WorkSafe - How It Works Demonstration
Current LiveSafe Clients For more information about adding WorkSafe enhanced capabilities to your current LiveSafe deployment, please contact your client representative or email us at support@livesafemobile.com.
Let your customers know that health and safety are a top priority for your business with the WorkSafe Verified Logo.
Frequently Asked Questions
The WorkSafe platform is a limited version of the industry-leading safety communications and risk intelligence platform, LiveSafe.
We're closely tracking the work Apple and Google are building to support mobile Operating Systems. We're following their work closely and will test their APIs when they're publicly available to understand if and how we can integrate into the LiveSafe platform. As a reminder, per our Privacy Policy, we track last known location of an app user that enables location via their app settings, we cannot track a user's location over time.
VIDEO - 6 eBay Executives And Employees Charged With Threatening Natick Couple - YouTube
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:15
VIDEO - 2020-06-20NA-mu-recap.wav
Sun, 21 Jun 2020 06:01
VIDEO-Gov. Walz says legislative gridlock on police reforms is an 'embarrassment' | FOX 9 Minneapolis-St. Paul
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:51
Gov. Walz says it was an 'embarrassment' lawmakers failed to reach deal on police reformsSpeaking Saturday, Governor Tim Walz said he was embarrassed to see Minnesota lawmakers go home overnight after failing to reach an agreement on significant police reforms on Friday during a special session.
ST. PAUL, Minn. (FOX 9) - Speaking Saturday, Governor Tim Walz said it was an "embarrassment" to see Minnesota lawmakers go home overnight without reaching a deal on significant police reforms, after the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis sparked calls for changes across the United States.
Overnight, Senate Republicans wrapped up a week-long special session without reaching a compromise with Democrats on their package of police changes.
Minnesota ends special session without deal on policingA special session of the Minnesota Legislature ended Saturday without agreement on remaking policing in the state where George Floyd was killed.
"Obviously, we are disappointed that the choice to go home before doing the work was made," said Walz.
Despite having no official deadline, Senate Republicans had promised to give a week to consider changes but promised to end the session on Friday. Friday evening, the Republican caucus made what they called "one final offer" on police changes for Democrats.
The Republican package offered increased funding for officer training, mental health programs, some changes to the arbitration process for removing an officer, and a ban on chokeholds. However, Republicans drew the line on three issues: 1.) Defunding any police force, 2.) Giving the attorney general jurisdiction over police-involved deaths, and 3.) Restoring voting rights for felons.
Democrats on the other hand weren't satisfied with the proposed changes from the Republican Senators, saying it failed to execute any real change.
"Minor changes can't fix major problems," said Democratic Senator Jeff Hayden, shortly after the Republicans presented their offer. "So I think all of you guys saw what Senator Gazelka, the Republican Caucus brought, they're very minor changes."
Earlier in the week, Governor Walz had called the Republicans proposals "weak sauce legislation" in the face of the calls for change after George Floyd's death.
Around 10:30 p.m., about two hours after the Republicans made their offer, Democrats submitted a counteroffer. However, Governor Walz says Democratic lawmakers never heard back from the Republicans.
"No answer was given," said Walz, "Senate adjourned without saying what was wrong with that offer on accountability, what was wrong with those issues."
Republican leaders did say they would consider returning for a follow-up session in the future, if lawmakers could find some common ground on policing changes.
Walz said while the Senate Republicans had made the Friday deadline clear, he didn't think they would actually leave without getting something passed. And he isn't sure calling another session would do any good at this point.
"The desire to take that ball and go home is pretty shocking," said Walz. "I think I'd be naive to think they wouldn't just do that again."
VIDEO-Geoffrey Berman is leaving office immediately after standoff with Trump administration - CNNPolitics
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:49
By Erica Orden, Manu Raju, Evan Perez and Kara Scannell, CNN
Updated 9:08 PM EDT, Sat June 20, 2020
(CNN) Geoffrey Berman, the powerful prosecutor atop the Manhattan US Attorney's office who has pursued President Donald Trump and his allies, said he would exit his post Saturday, ending a standoff after Trump and Attorney General William Barr fired him.
Berman's departure came a day after he refused Barr's request that he resign. In a curt letter to Berman on Saturday, Barr told him Trump had agreed to remove him and conceded that Berman's deputy would succeed him.
"Unfortunately, with your statement of last night, you have chosen public spectacle over public service," Barr wrote in his letter to Berman. "Because you have declared that you have no intention of resigning, I have asked the President to remove you as of today, and he has done so."
He provided no justification for pushing out Berman.
Speaking to reporters shortly after Barr's letter was made public, however, Trump said, "That's his department, not my department." He added: "I'm not involved."
Berman's firing caps a remarkable 24 hours that encompassed a power struggle over the leadership of the most prominent prosecutors' office outside Washington -- one that has prosecuted one of Trump's lawyers, is investigating another and has probed the activities of the President himself.
During a meeting at a Manhattan hotel in New York on Friday, Barr had asked Berman to resign, but Berman refused, CNN reported, and hours later Barr issued a statement saying Berman had "stepped down." Two hours later, around 11 p.m. ET, on Friday, Berman said he had learned of his purported exit from a press release.
"I have not resigned, and have no intention of resigning, my position, to which I was appointed by the Judges of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. I will step down when a presidentially appointed nominee is confirmed by the Senate," Berman said.
On Saturday morning, with news cameras staked outside his lower Manhattan office, Berman entered the building, telling reporters, "I issued a statement last night, I have nothing to add to that this morning. I'm just here to do my job."
Though Barr had said Friday that he would install Craig Carpenito, a person close to Barr who is now the US attorney in New Jersey, to serve as Berman's acting replacement, the attorney general's letter Saturday noted that "by operation of law," Berman's current deputy, Audrey Strauss, will become acting US attorney.
"I anticipate that she will serve in that capacity until a permanent successor is in place," Barr wrote.
Berman's strategy of refusing to resign paid off for his former office. In a victory lap, Berman said he was leaving "In light of Attorney General Barr's decision to respect the normal operation of law" by appointing Strauss.
The move was viewed as a win for SDNY, where prosecutors had become uneasy over the prospect of a new leader viewed as loyal to Barr.
Berman's 18-hour hold-out appeared to force Barr to walk back his initial plan to appoint Carpenito. It isn't clear why Barr changed course but his appointment of Strauss proved enough for Berman to step down.
"After all this what did they gain by getting rid of Berman? Nothing," said one former SDNY prosecutor of Barr.
On Friday evening, Barr said he intends to nominate as Berman's permanent replacement Jay Clayton, the chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, who has never been a prosecutor.
The attorney general also announced in his letter to Berman that the DOJ's inspector general would provide oversight of the Manhattan US Attorney's office, a step that is likely to cause New York federal prosecutors, who famously prize their independence, to balk.
"Going forward, if any actions or decisions are taken that office supervisors conclude are improper interference with a case, that information should be provided immediately to Michael Horowitz, the Department of Justice's Inspector General, whom I am authorizing to review any such claim," Barr wrote.
Barr's effort to push out one of the most powerful prosecutors in the country had begun to run into headwinds Saturday morning, with Republicans signaling little appetite to fight to confirm a new US attorney amid Democratic accusations that the move was an effort to shield Trump's associates from federal investigation.
Republicans on Capitol Hill were blindsided by the late Friday night effort by Barr to seek the ouster of Berman and showed little willingness to confirm a new nominee without Democratic support -- meaning there is a real possibility that Clayton's nomination could languish.
The fast-moving developments seemed to catch by surprise Senate Judiciary Chairman Lindsey Graham, a close ally of Trump's and Barr's, who said Saturday he had not been told about the effort to fire Berman.
And in a significant announcement Saturday, Graham said he would honor tradition to let home-state senators sign off on a replacement for Berman's post, meaning that Democrats essentially have veto power over a replacement to a position considered the most powerful US attorney job in the country.
Meanwhile, it's not clear if Clayton was aware prior to Barr's announcement Friday that Berman wasn't willingly exiting his post.
Clayton was recently approached about the top prosecutor's job in Manhattan and was told that Berman was planning to step down, a person familiar with Clayton's plans told CNN. Clayton didn't know Berman had no plans to leave, this person said.
Clayton and Barr, who have known each other for years, discussed the possibility that Clayton could take the job.
That appears to contradict a Justice Department official's claim, previously reported by CNN, that Clayton initiated the conversation. The person familiar with the matter said Saturday that Clayton wasn't happy to become part of the standoff between Barr and Berman, and had been a willing participant in the job discussions for the Manhattan post based on his belief that Berman was exiting on his own accord.
Clayton didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.
Berman leaves behind a string of high-profile prosecutions and investigations. Since he became US attorney in early 2018, the office has prosecuted Trump's former attorney Michael Cohen, is investigating top Trump confidante Rudy Giuliani and indicted the former New York mayor's associates Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman.
Tensions between the New York and Washington offices have run high during his tenure, with Berman and Barr butting heads over the handling of some cases, including the indictment of Turkish bank Halkbank. Recently, SDNY prosecutors, who have expressed suspicions that Barr is funneling politically sensitive cases to other US attorney's office and to prosecutors inside the Justice Department's units. One of those cases is the insider trading investigation of Republican Sen. Richard Burr, who sold large stock positions as he was receiving briefings on the pandemic. The North Carolina senator has denied wrongdoing and said he is cooperating with the investigation.
SDNY prosecutors, which have experience bringing securities fraud cases, wanted to lead the investigation but Justice Department officials steered the case to the DC US attorney's office and DOJ's Public Integrity section.
Berman had also clashed with senior DOJ leadership over the handling of other cases and policies, people said, all of which contributed to a slow burn of distrust between the men.
Though it isn't clear that any one particular investigation or conflict led to Berman's ouster, federal prosecutors in New York, working under Berman, have continued to pursue cases that pose significant threats to Trump and his allies. In the past month, according to two people familiar with the matter, prosecutors and FBI agents have been actively interviewing witnesses as part of their investigation concerning Giuliani, Parnas and Fruman.
In April, during discussions about delaying the trial date for Parnas and Fruman as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, prosecutors informed the parties in the case that they expected to file additional charges in what's known as a superseding indictment no later than the end of July, according to one of the people familiar with the matter.
This story has been updated with additional developments Saturday.
CNN's Kara Scannell, David Shortell and Jason Hoffman contributed to this report.
VIDEO-Homicide Investigation Inside Protest Area
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:39
Update: Computer-Aided Dispatch (CAD) timeline. Some of the information on the CAD timeline has been redacted due to the on-going homicide investigation.
Update 6/20/2020:
This update includes officers' body worn camera footage and other open-source videos.
Anyone with information on this incident is asked to call the Seattle Police Department's Violent Crime tip line at (206) 233-5000.
Original Post:
Homicide detectives are investigating following a fatal shooting that occurred early Saturday morning at 10th Avenue and East Pine Street. One man was declared deceased at the hospital and another male is being treated for life-threatening injuries.
On June 20th, at approximately 2:30 AM, East Precinct officers responded to a report of shots fired in Cal Anderson Park. This is inside the area referred to as the Capitol Hill Organized Protest (CHOP). Officers attempted to locate a shooting victim but were met by a violent crowd that prevented officers safe access to the victims. Officers were later informed that the victims, both males, had been transported to Harborview Medical Center by CHOP ''medics''.
Officers responded to Harborview and were informed that one of the victims, a 19-year-old male, had died from injuries. The other victim, also a male, unknown age, remains in the hospital with life-threatening injuries.
The suspect or suspect(s) fled and are still at large. There is no description at this time.
Homicide detectives responded and are conducting a thorough investigation, despite the challenges presented by the circumstances.
Anyone with information about this shooting, or who may have video, is asked to contact the Seattle Police Department's Violent Crime tip line at (206) 233-5000.
This remains an active and on-going homicide investigation. This post will be updated as additional information becomes available.
VIDEO-Aaron Rupar on Twitter: ""Here's the bad part: When you do testing to that extent, you're gonna find more people, you're gonna find more cases. So I said to my people, 'slow the testing down please!'" -- Trump https://t.co/m5MOV9je70" / Twitter
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 23:24
Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Here's Trump downplaying the coronavirus as "sniffles"
pic.twitter.com/lKZwqOsqwG View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Good seats are available
pic.twitter.com/23iiLMNJSS View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Trump defends the Confederacy: "The unhinged left-wing mob is trying to vandalize our history, desecrate our monuments. Our beautiful monuments."
pic.twitter.com/jfbe7qunXx View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Trump calls the coronavirus "Kung flu" and then says, "many call it a flu." (Nobody with a working brain says that.)
pic.twitter.com/2Wlmv7L4na View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar "The stage was higher than this one ... I'm weather leather-bottom shoes ... it was like an ice-skating rink" -- Trump whines at length about the media pointing out the obvious and noting that he had a hard time walking down a ramp last weekend at West Point
pic.twitter.com/cv6rjY9zmg View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar "I said, 'general, there's no way I can make it down that ramp without falling on my ass, general. I have no railing.' It's true! ... I didn't really want to grab him ... I can't fall with the fake news watching" -- Trump is still whining about coverage of his ramp incident
pic.twitter.com/hMMv6AmCFC View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Here's Trump mocking himself for the way he walked down a ramp at West Point last weekend. He's been talking about this for about 6 or 7 minutes now.
pic.twitter.com/dsj0cDFxfY View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar "I don't want to get water on the tie" -- Trump is now whining that people noticed that he seemed to have a hard time drinking water out of a glass at West Point last weekend. He then drinks water with one hand to prove he can do it.
pic.twitter.com/MC3u3FR7RT View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
4h Replying to
@atrupar Trump admits that he shook hands with people at West Point last weekend, even though health experts say it's not a smart thing to do during a pandemic
pic.twitter.com/f6rOA6Qw1Z View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "We ought to come up with legislation that if you burn the American flag you go to jail for one year ... if somebody wants to burn the American flag and stomp on it, but just burn it, they go to jail for one year" -- Trump
pic.twitter.com/sbETQDwUkp View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump pleads with Jay Inslee to ask him to bring in the military to crush protests in Seattle
pic.twitter.com/ZDemVC4bfF View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump claims that if Biden gets elected, "money itself will be worthless" ðŸ‚
pic.twitter.com/Dhe8j3IDFc View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar wut
pic.twitter.com/uaCzNmgSwX View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "Our people are not nearly as violent, but if they ever were, it would be a terrible day for the other side. Because I know our people." -- Trump
pic.twitter.com/1xDAPPixSy View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar While his audience sits in awkward silence, Trump brags about how he made the call to install new TVs in Air Force One
pic.twitter.com/tHY8hmonXj View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "Don't you understand, you dumb son of a bitch" -- I challenge you to try and make sense of this Trump rant
pic.twitter.com/LJnS4W9oVn View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar We've arrived at the doing Putin's bidding part of Trump's speech
pic.twitter.com/3d28Ue64kR View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump refers to 2020 as "two-twenty"
pic.twitter.com/Lz01c0BTJc View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "They get rid of the worst scum on earth" -- Trump hails ICE for brutalizing people
pic.twitter.com/qBfu6gNxM2 View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump claims that pro-choice Democrats want to legalize "afterbirth execution." (That sort of thing is called murder.)
pic.twitter.com/WrX0g1Y6y8 View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "I look better than them. Much more handsome. Got better hair than they do. I got nicer properties, I got nicer houses, I got nicer apartment, I got nicer everything." -- Trump compares himself to the "elite."
#populism pic.twitter.com/9kA91zb4I3 View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump refers to Ilhan Omar as "Eehan"
pic.twitter.com/NLepz0qDk8 View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "I think we're going to have a big victory in the state of Minnesota, because they have had it" -- a poll released yesterday found Biden up by 16 points in Minnesota
projects.fivethirtyeight.com/polls/minnesot'... pic.twitter.com/3w204ZnX26 View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump on the media: "They want the stock market to go down, even if it costs them money. And they don't even know why. You know what? They're smart, and they're vicious. But they don't know why. I'm telling you -- they don't know why."
#wut pic.twitter.com/7dvA6wuB2z View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar "We saved million of lives. And now it's time to open up, get back to work." -- Trump on coronavirus
pic.twitter.com/f2Tp63ATed View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump has now been speaking in Tulsa for more than 90 minutes
View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar Trump shits on blue cities: "The murder rate in Baltimore and Detroit is higher than El Salvador, Guatemala, or even Afghanistan. How are they doing, the Democrats running those cities? Your whole country will be like that."
pic.twitter.com/1eid65zPgV View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
3h Replying to
@atrupar pic.twitter.com/X2cSBIJPML View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
2h Replying to
@atrupar Trump on recent protests across the country: "We will defend ... the right to keep and bear arms. And when you see those lunatics all over the streets, it's damn nice to have arms."
pic.twitter.com/ND35MaD2RO View conversation · Aaron Rupar @ atrupar
2h Replying to
@atrupar With the economy in ruins and a pandemic ravaging the country, Trump has dropped the "keep America great" line and is back to closing his speeches with a vow to "make America great again." His speech in Tulsa is in the books.
pic.twitter.com/6e42bgGYri View conversation ·
VIDEO-Reading stabbings: Three people dead after Forbury Gardens attack - BBC News
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:58
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Eyewitness on Reading stabbing attack: 'He started coming towards us'Three people have died and three more have been seriously injured after stabbings in a park in Reading, police confirmed.
A 25-year-old man from Reading has been arrested on suspicion of murder after being detained at the scene.
The attack happened at Forbury Gardens at about 19:00 BST where several people were stabbed.
Police are not currently treating the incident as terror-related, but counter terrorism officers were called.
Security sources have told the BBC a man arrested at the scene is thought to be Libyan.
One eyewitness told the BBC how he saw a man move between groups of people in the park trying to stab them and how the man ran towards him.
There were reports a police officer had "rugby tackled" the suspect to the ground, according to the Sunday Mirror.
Image copyright EPA Image caption Police gather at a cordon close to the scene Detective Chief Superintendent Ian Hunter, from Thames Valley Police, said they are not looking for any other people in connection with the attack.
He added: "This is not currently being treated as a terrorism incident, however officers are keeping an open mind as to the motivation for the incident and are being supported by colleagues from Counter Terrorism Policing South East."
Image copyright Google Maps Thames Valley Police said the incident was not connected to an earlier Black Lives Matter (BLM) protest in the park.
About a dozen armed police officers carrying shields were later seen entering a block of flats in Basingstoke Road in Reading at around 23:00 BST.
BBC News Home Affairs correspondent Dominic Casciani, who was outside the block of flats, said he heard a loud bang at the scene.
Throughout Saturday evening, residents of the Basingstoke Road flats that were raided by the police stood - increasingly cold - on the footpath, watching on astonished as armed police entered their home.
The first officers arrived at 20:00 BST and secured the scene - apparently asking some residents to leave their flats or preventing others from returning.
Two specialist Incident Response Units from the ambulance service arrived - indicating that police were possibly taking additional precautions at the scene.
At 23:00 BST, more than a dozen armed officers, carrying shields entered the central block and climbed the stairs to the upper floors. Around 00:30 BST there was a loud bang that sounded like it came from inside one of the flats.
Shortly afterwards lots of the armed team left the scene. People here are shocked - but absolutely none the wiser as to what is going on.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said his "thoughts are with all of those affected by the appalling incident in Reading".
"My thanks to the emergency services on the scene," he added.
South Central Ambulance Service said it was "assessing and treating a number of casualties who had sustained injuries as a result of the incident".
Image copyright PA Media 'He started coming towards us'Laurence Wort, 20, who was visiting Reading for the day, told the BBC he was about 10m away when the attack started.
"The park was pretty full, a lot of people sat around drinking with friends when one lone person walked through, suddenly shouted some unintelligible words and went round a large group trying to stab them.
"He stabbed three of them and then turned and started running towards me, when we turned and started running.
"When he realised that he couldn't catch us he tried to stab another group sat down.
"He got one in the back of the neck and then when he realised everyone was starting to run, he ran out the park."
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Reading's town centre has been cordoned off by police following a stabbing at Forbury GardensClaire Gould, a freelance journalist who lives in Reading, said she walked past Forbury Gardens at around 18:40 BST "and everything seemed calm".
She then saw an air ambulance land in King's Meadow - another park close to the scene - at around 19:00 BST, followed by a second around 10 minutes later.
"There were multiple sirens from 19:00 going on for the next couple of hours and police helicopters [were] circling," she added.
Image copyright PA Media Image caption Police at Forbury Gardens in Reading town centre Home Secretary Priti Patel tweeted to say she was "deeply concerned" at the incident.
She said: "My thoughts are with everyone involved, including police and emergency responders at the scene."
Ms Patel later issued a statement condemning the stabbings as a "senseless attack on people simply enjoying a Saturday evening with family and friends".
Policing minister Kit Malthouse tweeted his "deepest sympathies to all affected" and described the incident as "horrific" and "dreadful".
Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said the stabbing was "very concerning".
Image copyright AFP Image caption A large cordon remains in place following the incident 'Peaceful protest'A Black Lives Matter protest was held in the area a few hours before the attack.
BLM organiser Nieema Hassan said in a video message posted to Facebook: "They [BLM protesters] were very peaceful and we worked with the police liaison.
"In terms of the protest and the people who attended from Black Lives Matter, we're all safe.
"None of us are affected. We had all left by the time this happened."
VIDEO-Family of woman who portrayed Aunt Jemima opposes move to change brand
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:57
FORNEY, Texas (KLTV) - An East Texas family is not happy about the 'brand changing' of a popular pancake syrup: Aunt Jemima.
The iconic ''Aunt Jemima'' has long-standing ties with the city of Hawkins, and a goodwill ambassador named ''Lillian Richard.''
Living in Forney, Vera Harris is the family historian for the Richard family of Hawkins, and could hardly believe a big part of their family legacy, the ''Aunt Jemima'' brand, was about to be erased from supermarket shelves.
''A lot of people want it removed. We want the world to know that our cousin Lillian was one of the Aunt Jemima's and she made an honest living. We would ask that you reconsider just wiping all that away. There wasn't a lot of jobs, especially for black women back in that time. She was discovered by Quaker Oats to be their brand person,'' Harris said.
Lillian Richard became a goodwill ambassador for Quaker Oats, and for decades, portrayed Aunt Jemima all over Texas.
''She made an honest living out of it for a number of years. She toured around Texas,'' Harris said.
In the Fouke community just outside Hawkins is a historic marker dedicated to Lillian Richard, who is recognized as one of several women who portrayed Aunt Jemima.
And the family is proud of what she did.
''She was considered a hero in Hawkins, and we are proud of that. We do not want that history erased,'' Harris said.
Harris said her family feels that activism has gone too far.
''I wish we would take a breath and not just get rid of everything. because good or bad, it is our history. Removing that wipes away a part of me. A part of each of us. We are proud of our cousin,'' Harris said.
Lillian Richard died in 1956 after working 23 years for the Quaker Oats company.
Harris said she and the Richards family are also against the renaming of military bases because many of their relatives are veterans.
WEBXTRA: Family of woman who portrayed Aunt Jemima opposes move to change brand
Copyright 2020 KLTV. All rights reserved.
VIDEO-Rumpel on Twitter: "@magquette @sav_says_ @Cernovich @adamcurry @THErealDVORAK nice clip for No Agenda. :)" / Twitter
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:48
Two men get into a screaming match at Tulsa Trump Rally after BLM decided to protest in area reserved for Trump supporters
pic.twitter.com/3Kz1yxQpWK
VIDEO-Richard Pryor's 1979 Joke About Police Still Applies | Netflix Is A Joke - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 20:43
VIDEO - American restaurant history changes in Santa Barbara with the end of Sambo's - KEYT | KCOY
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 11:54
SANTA BARBARA, Calif. - The first Sambo's restaurant in America is now the last to go out. The doors, however, will remain open in what's becoming a rapid unplanned business change.
The five-letter sign has been covered up with a new look but it won't come down.
Temporarily, and maybe permanently, it will have a peace symbol, the "&" sign and the word love. Peace and love.
The owner Chad Stevens a grandson of one of the founders, made the decision after hearing from Rashelle Monet. She is a resident who brought up the issue, not unknown to Stevens, about the racial interpretation of the Sambos name.
"Even though it didn't come from a bad place, it is still a very hurtful term for a lot of people," said Monet. "I understand it wasn't intentional. I am not saying that Sambos and the owners are racist. I am saying the slur is racist."
Sam Battistone and Newell "Bo" Bohnett partnered to open the waterfront area restaurant on June 17, 1957. The name came from a few letters in each of their names. "Sam" and "Bo."
"It was his name and partners name Sam and Bo, something I respect and continue to but I understand there's some hurt in that but we will move forward," said Stevens.
Over the years racial interpretations over the name and a connection with the 1899 children's book "The Story of Little Black Sambo" caused a widespread negative view of the restaurant chain.
The character in the book was a dark skinned boy from South India. The term "Sambo" however became associated as an offensive name to blacks.
There was also a children's storybook, "Little Black Sambo."
At its peak, Sambos had 1,117 restaurants in 47 states.
The chain began failing in the 1970's and faced protests.
Some of the restaurants were turned into Denny's, Bakers Square and Godfather's Pizza.
Many former staff members went on to open their own restaurants in and around Santa Barbara.
Stevens took over the restaurant in 1998 without any rebranding. It is a piece of his Battistone family history. It is a piece of Santa Barbara history.
Stevens says the time has come to change the name as he watches the nation speak out loudly against racial injustice.
He says Sambos is an example of diversity among the staff. There's an African-American manager, and hispanic, transgender, and white employees on the team.
Earlier this week, a request was made for a name change on social media and in a Santa Barbara City Council public comment statement by Rashelle Monet. She had also planned a rally Sunday to call attention to her cause.
Since then a GoFundMe page was put together to help pay for the rebranding of Sambos.
Stevens said that would not be necessary and he would pay the costs to change the sign, menus, web page updates and promotional materials. He encouraged Monet to use the money from donations for another cause.
In the last three days, the decision was made, along with new lettering, for now, until a new name is decided upon. This is the first idea is a peace sign, the "&" symbol and the word love. Other ideas are being considered.
Monet said after talking with Stevens, "he is very kind. We are working on this together. Now it is going to say peace and love and that's like one of the biggest things we need right now - unity."
After a week of emotions over racial issues, Stevens says, "with the current environment of our country we need to come together and as the sign says Peace and Love."
It's still to be determined what the new name of the restaurant will be. For now, we know what it won't be.
Monet has never had a meal at Sambos. With a new name she says she will, and she may be breaking bread, or in the case of this restaurant, a stack of pancakes, with Stevens on the other side of the table.
VIDEO - Trump signals he has 'interesting' details on Roswell, as son grills him about aliens | Fox News
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:54
President Trump, under rigorous questioning from his son Donald Trump Jr., on Thursday about the existence of extraterrestrial life, suggested he knew "interesting" information about Roswell, N.M. -- the site of a 1947 crash that has touched off conspiracy theories about an alien spacecraft ever since.
Trump made the comments in a lighthearted, Father's Day-themed video interview produced by his presidential campaign that dealt with a variety of topics, including potential U.S. government secrets about aliens.
"Before you leave office, will you let us know if there's aliens? Because this is the only thing I really want to know. I want to know what's going on. Would you ever open up Roswell and let us know what's going on there?" Trump Jr. asked.
THERE COULD BE MORE THAN 30 ALIEN CIVILIZATIONS IN THE MILKY WAY, SHOCKING STUDY FINDS
"So many people ask me that question," the president said. "There are millions and millions of people that want to go there, that want to see it. I won't talk to you about what I know about it but it's very interesting. But Roswell is a very interesting place with a lot of people that would like to know what's going on."
When Trump Jr. further pressed his father on whether he would declassify details about Roswell, the president said, "I'll have to think about that one."
It's unclear what the pair were referring to when discussing the potential of opening up Roswell -- the city itself has a booming tourism industry and the one military base in the area was closed during the Vietnam War. Area 51, an Air Force base in Nevada, is a highly classified location that many have speculated could hold secrets about aliens.
The Pentagon earlier this year released unclassified footage showing "unidentified aerial phenomena" of military encounters with other aircraft that behaved in a way that one pilot told the New York Times was "like nothing I've ever seen."
UFO VIDEO? PENTAGON RELEASES FOOTAGE OF 'UNIDENTIFIED AREAL PHENOMENA,' BUT SAYS IT'S NOT OUT OF THE ORDINARY
"After a thorough review, the department has determined that the authorized release of these unclassified videos does not reveal any sensitive capabilities or systems, and does not impinge on any subsequent investigations of military air space incursions by unidentified aerial phenomena," a Pentagon spokeswoman said about the footage's release.
"DOD is releasing the videos in order to clear up any misconceptions by the public on whether or not the footage that has been circulating was real, or whether or not there is more to the videos,'' she added. ''The aerial phenomena observed in the videos remain characterized as 'unidentified.'''
Also during the conversation with his son, the president complimented Sens. Rand Paul, R-Ky., and Ted Cruz, R-Texas, as "good-looking guys" while saying that he thinks the senators and Trump Jr. look better clean-shaven. All three men have recently grown beards.
CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP
"In some cases, I think it's good. In your case, just get rid of it," the president told his son.
Trump Jr. also asked the president whether he would consider pardoning "Tiger King" star Joseph Maldonado-Passage, better known as Joe Exotic. Trump said he had seen some episodes of the show, noting that Joe Exotic is "quite a character" and saying "that's a whole strange deal."
Trump would not commit to pardoning Maldonado-Passage, who was sentenced earlier this year to 22 years in prison for a murder-for-hire plot.
Fox News' Louis Casiano contributed to this report.
VIDEO - Kaleigh McEnany Invokes Lincoln To Explain Why Trump Hires 'Wackos,' And 'Incompetents' | Crooks and Liars
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:52
The new Trump campaign spokesperson, I mean White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany tried to defend Trump's hiring of people who are, by Trump's own description, "dumb as a rock," "overrated," "way over their heads," "whacko," and "incompetent" to high profile government jobs by invoking Abraham Lincoln.
I sh*t you not.
Throughout Donald Trump's campaign and election, he and his minions said he would only hire the very best people possible, because he has an instinct about these things. In the last 3-1/2 years, Trump has had three Chiefs of Staff, four Deputy Chiefs of Staff, four Communications Directors, and four Press Secretaries, four National Security Advisors, just to name a few.
Brookings has tracked his folly and writes, "President Trump's 'A Team' turnover is 88% as of June 19, 2020." Time Magazine writes, "Trump Has Now Had More Cabinet Turnover Than Reagan, Obama and the Two Bushes." His entire administration is in constant flux and chaos, which has resulted in a failed foreign policy, unprepared pandemic responses, and massive protests at home.
John Bolton, the former national security advisor who abruptly quit, and who refused to testify during Trump's impeachment, is the latest high ranking official to come out and say Trump is not fit to lead this country in his new book. Additionally, he offered up more impeachable offenses. Trump, the Tweeter-in-Chief, replied:
Wacko John Bolton's ''exceedingly tedious''(New York Times) book is made up of lies & fake stories. Said all good about me, in print, until the day I fired him. A disgruntled boring fool who only wanted to go to war. Never had a clue, was ostracized & happily dumped. What a dope!
'-- Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 18, 2020
Many of his former cabinet members have come out publicly and blasted Trump, which is not the norm, but it is for Trump. During today's press briefing, NBC reporter Peter Alexander asked McEnany this important question:
"Why does the president keep hiring people who are 'dumb as a rock,' 'overrated,' 'way over their heads,' 'wacko,' and 'incompetent'?''
McEnany, who has no defense for Trump's impetuous and destructive behavior, decided to dig deep into the alternative facts folder that Kellyanne Conway has devised, and responded thusly:
''The president makes hiring decisions based on the fact that he likes to have countervailing view points."
McEnany continued, ''I spoke to him this morning about the hiring of John Bolton in particular and he said, 'I like to counterbalance my own opinion with individuals that oftentimes have the very opposite opinion of my own.' He likes the model of having a team of rivals, like what we saw in President Lincoln's administration.
''I've been a part of that. I often see vigorous debate and the president uses his gut and makes the best decision as to how to move forward. So that's what goes into his hiring practices and I think the team of rivals with President Lincoln worked quite well.''
Alexander pushed, ''There's obviously value in hiring a team of rivals, it's worked well in the past, but then if you're going to hire rivals why hire rivals who are 'dumb as a rock,' 'overrated,' 'way over their heads,' 'wacko,' and 'incompetent'? How does that help the president?''
McEnany obfuscated and said, ''Well sometimes the rivals prove those labels to be true and that's particularly true in the case of John Bolton...I think John Bolton has proven himself to have those labels as true.''
WTF does that mean? it's a mishmash of gibberish. The kind of word salad that makes Sarah Huckabee Sanders look like a genius.
VIDEO - Meghan Markle feels 'destined' to help fight US systemic racism | Daily Mail Online
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:46
Meghan Markle's instinct to leave the United Kingdom and move to California all makes sense to her now, as she believes she was 'destined' to help fight systemic racism in the United States, a close friend exclusively told DailyMail.com.
The Duchess feels that her 'gnawing urgency to uproot from England' was fate so she could be at the 'forefront' of the movement, the insider explained.
They added: 'Meghan said her work as a leader is more important than ever right now and that she's been speaking with Oprah and other community leaders on how she can be part of the solution.
'Meghan feels like her mission goes far beyond acting. She said she wants to use her voice for change and hasn't ruled out a career in politics.'
Meghan, who quit her royal duties with husband Prince Harry earlier this year and relocated to LA in March, recently distanced herself from best friend Jessica Mulroney after she threatened to sue a black influencer over a dispute.
It came as the United States has been rocked by protests across the country in the wake of the deaths of George Floyd and other African-Americans who have died at the hands of police, sparking national conversations about racism.
Meghan spoke out about Floyd's death earlier this month, declaring 'black lives matter' and admitted she hadn't made a statement earlier because she had been 'nervous'.
Meghan Markle's instinct to leave the United Kingdom and move to California all makes sense to her now, as she believes she was 'destined' to help fight systemic racism in the United States, a close friend exclusively told DailyMail.com. She spoke out about Floyd's death earlier this month, declaring 'black lives matter' and admitted she hadn't made a statement earlier because she had been 'nervous' (pictured)
They added: 'Meghan said her work as a leader is more important than ever right now and that she's been speaking with Oprah and other community leaders on how she can be part of the solution.' Pictured: Oprah attending Meghan and Prince Harry's wedding
The 38-year-old made the Floyd address to graduating students at her old school, Immaculate Heart High School in Los Angeles, which she attended from the age of 11 to 18.
She said: 'George Floyd's life mattered and Breonna Taylor's life mattered and Philando Castile's life mattered and Tamir Rice's life mattered'.
The other three people Meghan mentions were killed by US police over the past six years. Meghan also referred to Los Angeles as her family's 'home town' after moving there with husband Harry and their son Archie.
On speaking out about Floyd, she said: 'I wasn't sure what I could say to you. I wanted to say the right thing and I was really nervous that it would get picked apart. And I realised the only wrong thing to say is to say nothing'.
Last week, Markle distanced herself from Mulroney after she threatened to sue black influencer Sasha Exeter when the pair got into a dispute over racism on Instagram.
Mulroney was promptly fired from ABC's Good Morning America and had her reality TV show cancelled.
Meghan was left 'absolutely mortified' with Mulroney's 'tone-deaf' threats and can 'no longer be associated with her', close friends previously told DailyMail.com.
'Meghan is absolutely mortified that she's been dragged into this complete mess. She said Jessica is in no way a racist, but the way she handled the situation (with the fashion influencer) was tone-deaf and heartbreaking,' a close friend of Meghan's said.
'Meghan said friends reflect friends and because of what's at stake she can no longer be associated with Jessica, at least not in public. She has to do what she has to do in order to preserve her dignity and her own reputation,' they added.
Meghan, who quit her royal duties with husband Prince Harry earlier this year and relocated to LA in March, recently distanced herself from best friend Jessica Mulroney after she threatened to sue a black influencer over a dispute
Toronto-based influencer Sasha Exeter said she was left 'paralysed with fear' and 'stayed up days and nights' worrying about what Jessica (right) 'could be saying to my existing brand partners, potential work, potential livelihood'
Mulroney was a fashion contributor on the wildly popular morning show Good Morning American until her firing last Friday. She is seen with host Robin Roberts
The Duchess has previously opened up about how racism has affected her own family.
Meghan described the experiences of both her mother and grandfather, and her own journey as a biracial woman.
The former Suits star became the first mixed-race person in modern history to marry a senior British royal in 2018.
But she and Prince Harry quit as senior working royals in March to pursue personal and financial freedom in the US, after telling of their struggles dealing with their royal life and the intense media interest.
Meghan recounted how her grandfather told her as a child that he and his family stopped off at Kentucky Fried Chicken during a road trip, but had to go to the back of the restaurant for 'coloureds' and eat the chicken in the car park.
'That story still haunts me,' she wrote. 'It reminds me of how young our country is. How far we've come and how far we still have to come.'
Meghan, whose father Thomas Markle is Caucasian and mother Doria Ragland is African-American, wrote of her background: 'While my mixed heritage may have created a grey area surrounding my self-identification, keeping me with a foot on both sides of the fence, I have come to embrace that.
'To say who I am, to share where I'm from, to voice my pride in being a strong, confident mixed-race woman.'
In a piece for Elle Magazine in 2015, she said she witnessed her mother being called 'the n word' by another driver in Los Angeles and described the heartache it caused.
'My skin rushed with heat as I looked to my mom. Her eyes welling with hateful tears, I could only breathe out a whisper of words, so hushed they were barely audible: 'It's OK, Mommy',' she wrote.
The Duchess has previously opened up about how racism has affected her own family. Meghan described the experiences of both her mother and grandfather, and her own journey as a biracial woman.. Meghan is pictured as a teenager with her father Thomas Markle
Meghan recounted how her grandfather told her as a child that he and his family stopped off at Kentucky Fried Chicken during a road trip, but had to go to the back of the restaurant for 'coloureds' and eat the chicken in the car park. Pictured: Meghan and her mother Doria Ragland
Meghan Markle pictured in a resurfaced campaign video from 2012 - filmed as part of the 'I Won't Stand For...' campaign for non-profit organisation Erase the Hate. Meghan and Harry had been maintaining a low profile on social media during the Black Lives Matter protests - and stayed offline during Black Out Tuesday on their Sussex Royal Instagram page.
Meghan also described how her great-great-great-grandfather went on to create his own identity when freed from slavery.
'Because in 1865 (which is so shatteringly recent), when slavery was abolished in the United States, former slaves had to choose a name. A surname, to be exact,' she wrote.
'Perhaps the closest thing to connecting me to my ever-complex family tree, my longing to know where I come from and the commonality that links me to my bloodline, is the choice that my great-great-great grandfather made to start anew.
'He chose the last name Wisdom.'
As a child, her father, from whom she is now estranged, created a Barbie family for Christmas when they were only sold in sets of white dolls or black dolls.
She wrote on her lifestyle blog how her new collection had 'a black mom doll, a white dad doll, and a child in each color. My dad had taken the sets apart and customised my family.'
Meghan and Harry had been maintaining a low profile on social media during the Black Lives Matter protests - and stayed offline during Black Out Tuesday on their Sussex Royal Instagram page.
The royal couple have stayed silent on social media over the past two months, with their last Instagram post on March 30.
Their general quiet was questioned, with one Twitter user commenting yesterday: 'Meghan Markle has stayed annoyingly quiet during all of this... and it is really bugging me.'
Another named Guisou said: 'Wondering why Meghan Markle and Prince Harry are quiet about the racism occurring in the US?'
Vivian Maria added: 'Where is Meghan Markle? She seems awfully quiet these days.'
VIDEO - Greta Thunberg: Climate change 'as urgent' as coronavirus - BBC News
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:23
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Greta Thunberg talks about how she has spent lockdown in SwedenGreta Thunberg says the world needs to learn the lessons of coronavirus and treat climate change with similar urgency.
That means the world acting "with necessary force", the Swedish climate activist says in an exclusive interview with BBC News.
She doesn't think any "green recovery plan" will solve the crisis alone.
And she says the world is now passing a "social tipping point" on climate and issues such as Black Lives Matter.
"People are starting to realise that we cannot keep looking away from these things", says Ms Thunberg, "we cannot keep sweeping these injustices under the carpet".
She says lockdown has given her time to relax and reflect away from the public gaze.
Ms Thunberg has shared with the BBC the text of a deeply personal programme she has made for Swedish Radio.
In the radio programme, which goes online this morning, Greta looks back on the year in which she became one of the world's most high-profile celebrities.
The then 16-year-old took a sabbatical from school to spend a tumultuous year campaigning on the climate.
She sailed across the Atlantic on a racing yacht to address a special UN Climate Action summit in New York in September.
She describes world leaders queuing to get pictures with her, with Angela Merkel asking whether it was okay to post her photo on social media.
Image caption The climate activist is sceptical of some world leaders' motives The climate campaigner is sceptical of their motives. "Perhaps it makes them forget the shame of their generation letting all future generations down", she says. "I guess maybe it helps them to sleep at night."
It was in the UN that she delivered her famous "how dare you" speech. "You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words", she told the world leaders gathered in the UN Assembly.
She appeared on the verge of tears as she continued. "People are dying," she said, "and all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you?"
She knew it was a "lifetime moment" and decided not to hold anything back, she says now.
"I am going to let my emotions take control and to really make something big out of this because I won't be able to do this again".
She describes travelling back from the UN to her hotel on the subway and seeing people watching the speech on their phones, but says she felt no urge to celebrate.
"All that is left are empty words", she says.
The phrase reflects her deep cynicism about the motives of most world leaders.
"The level of knowledge and understanding even among people in power is very, very low, much lower than you would think," she told the BBC.
Media playback is unsupported on your device
Media caption Greta sailed to New York on a zero-emissions yacht in 2019She says the only way to reduce emissions on the scale that is necessary is to make fundamental changes to our lifestyles, starting in developed countries. But she doesn't believe any leaders have the nerve to do that.
Instead, she says, they "simply refrain from reporting the emissions, or move them somewhere else".
She claims the UK, Sweden and other countries do this by failing to account for the emissions from ships and aircraft and by choosing not to count the emissions from goods produced in factories abroad.
As a result, she says in her radio programme, the whole language of debate has been degraded.
"Words like green, sustainable, 'net-zero', 'environmentally friendly', 'organic', 'climate-neutral' and 'fossil-free' are today so misused and watered down that they have pretty much lost all their meaning. They can imply everything from deforestation to aviation, meat and car industries," she said.
Ms Thunberg says the only positive that could come out of the coronavirus pandemic would be if it changes how we deal with global crises: "It shows that in a crisis, you act, and you act with necessary force."
She says she is encouraged that politicians are now stressing the importance of listening to scientists and experts.
"Suddenly people in power are saying they will do whatever it takes since you cannot put a price on human life."
She hopes that will open up a discussion about the urgency of taking action to help the people who die from illnesses related to climate change and environmental degradation right now as well as in the future.
But she remains deeply pessimistic about our ability to keep any temperature increases within safe boundaries.
She says that, even if countries actually deliver the carbon reductions they've promised, we'll still be heading for a "catastrophic" global temperature rise of 3-4 degrees.
Image copyright EPA The teenager believes the only way to avoid a climate crisis is to tear up contracts and abandon existing deals and agreements that companies and countries have signed up to.
"The climate and ecological crisis cannot be solved within today's political and economic systems", the Swedish climate activist argues. "That isn't an opinion. That's a fact."
Thunberg talks movingly of a road-trip she and her father took through North America in an electric car borrowed from Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Hollywood actor turned politician and climate campaigner.
She visited the charred remains of Paradise, the Californian town destroyed by a wildfire in November 2018.
She is shocked by the carbon-intensive lifestyles she saw in the US. "Apart from a few wind power plants and solar panels," she says, "there are no signs whatsoever of any sustainable transition, despite this being the richest country in the world."
But the social inequities struck her just as forcefully.
She describes meeting poor black, Hispanic and indigenous communities.
"It was very shocking to hear people talk about that they can't afford to put food on the table", she explained.
Yet Greta Thunberg says she has been inspired by the way people have been responding to these injustices, particularly the Black Lives Matter protests following the death of George Floyd in May.
She believes society has "passed a social tipping point, we can no longer look away from what our society has been ignoring for so long whether it is equality, justice or sustainability".
She describes signs of what she calls an "awakening" in which "people are starting to find their voice, to sort of understand that they can actually have an impact".
That is why Greta Thunberg says she still has hope.
"Humanity has not yet failed", she argues.
She concludes her radio documentary in powerful form.
"Nature does not bargain and you cannot compromise with the laws of physics," the teenager asserts.
"Doing our best is no longer good enough. We must now do the seemingly impossible. And that is up to you and me. Because no one else will do it for us."
A longer version of Justin Rowlatt's interview with Greta Thunberg will be available next week. You can listen to the English language version of Greta Thunberg's programme for Swedish Radio here.
Follow Justin on Twitter.
VIDEO - BLM Co-Founder Admits: "Our Goal Is To Get Trump Out" | Zero Hedge
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 10:16
While massive protests continue to rage across the country (and beyond) in the name of George Floyd, Black Lives Matter co-founder Patrisse Cullors admitted during a Friday night interview with CNN that "our goal is to get Trump out."
Cullors, who described BLM organizers in 2015 as "trained Marxists," compared Trump to Hitler after refusing to meet with him, and referred to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) as the Gestapo, told CNN's Jake Tapper (via Breitbart's Josh Caplan):
JAKE TAPPER: I've heard a lot of criticism of former Vice President Joe Biden from civil rights activists. The election, obviously, will be a choice. How do you think Biden matches up compared to President Trump when it comes to these issues that are important to you?
PATRISSE CULLORS: Trump not only needs to not be in office in November but he should resign now. Trump needs to be out of office. He is not fit for office. And so what we are going to push for is a move to get Trump out. While we're also going to continue to push and pressure vice president Joe Biden around his policies and relationship to policing and criminalization. That's going to be important. But our goal is to get Trump out.
President "Trump not only needs to not be in office in November but he should resign now," says co-founder of the Black Lives Matter Global Network Patrisse Cullors. "Trump needs to be out of office. He is not fit for office." pic.twitter.com/T6mLZ11cEv
'-- The Lead CNN (@TheLeadCNN) June 19, 2020In 2015, Cullors said that BLM would take "any opportunity we have to shut down a Republican convention."
Was Tucker Carlson right when he said (and was punished with an advertiser walkout from the 'cancel' crew at Sleeping Giants) that Black Lives Matter is now a political party.
"Black [Lives] Matter is more popular by double digits than both the Democratic and Republican parties.It is almost as popular as the U.S. military. It is much more popular than the pope."@TuckerCarlson warns that the Black Lives Matter movement wields significant influence. pic.twitter.com/1AhsGqHBzo
'-- Washington Examiner (@dcexaminer) June 16, 2020
VIDEO - Ban 'racist Black Pete' Jesse Jackson writes Dutch PM Rutte - Reuters
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 09:05
AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - U.S. civil rights leader Jesse Jackson has written Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte asking him to end the use of the pre-Christmas character ''Black Pete,'' which Jackson called a racist relic of colonialism.
''I am writing to urge you to heed your moral conscience and do what you believe and know to be right,'' Jackson wrote to Rutte in a letter sent via the Dutch Embassy in Washington that was received in The Hague on Thursday.
The debate about Black Pete has gained momentum in the Netherlands in recent weeks as tens of thousands of anti-racism demonstrators protested the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis and discrimination at home.
In the Dutch tradition, St. Nicholas arrives on Dec. 5 bringing gifts to children accompanied by numerous ''Petes'', clownish servants usually portrayed by white people in black face paint wearing frizzy wigs and red lipstick.
Rutte said in 2013 that ''Black Pete is just black and I can't do much about that''. But this month, he said his attitude had undergone ''great changes'' after meeting people, including ''small children, who said: 'I feel terribly discriminated (against) because Pete is black'.''
The prime minister added his government was not planning any legal action on the matter, but that ''I expect in a few years there will be no more Black Petes.''
Rutte's office confirmed it had received the letter, but had no additional comment.
Slideshow (2 Images) Supporters argue that Black Pete is not meant to portray black skin colour, but chimney soot. Several large Dutch cities have replaced Black Pete with ''rainbow'' Petes in recent years, but the practice is still widespread.
''Black Pete cannot be separated from the very offensive tradition of black face in the United States. The December 5 tradition of Black Pete is seen as an offensive relic of colonial times,'' Jackson wrote.
''I believe with your moral leadership the good people of the Netherlands will respond positively to ban the offensive and racist Black Pete, for good. The whole world is watching,'' he said.
Reporting by Anthony Deutsch; Editing by Peter Cooney
VIDEO - 'ŽReply All: #162 The Least You Could Do on Apple Podcasts
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 09:02
Black people all across the US are receiving the world's weirdest form of reparations: Venmo payments from white people. Producer Emmanuel Dzotsi investigates.Additional Reading:
Noni's petition to reform the film department at UNC: https://www.change.org/p/patricia-parker-racism-within-the-screenwriting-minor?recruiter=17176211&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=copylink&utm_campaign=tap_basic_share
Milly Tamarez' podcast, "All Dick is Trash": https://open.spotify.com/show/4eREYSWtBckafqqobfP42u?si=6TrZ8EfESpqiTwEF0_l_gg
Annika Neklason's article on Civil War Conspiracies in The Atlantic: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2020/05/conspiracy-theories-civil-war/612283/
VIDEO - The Secret of Oz MOVIE - English - FREE.mov -Learn about the World Economy with Bill Still - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:57
VIDEO - Police seize assault rifles, handguns from anti-government member at protest - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:40
VIDEO - Biden: Trump 'surrendering the fight' on virus
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:16
June 17, 2020 GMT
VIDEO - Trump on Bolton: 'He broke the law' - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:07
VIDEO - Emergency Broadcast from Seattle - Jason James Britt - YouTube
Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:06
VIDEO-Bubette Salam on Twitter: ""We are trained Marxists." -- BLM co-founder https://t.co/Cn2mqCXjuW" / Twitter
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 15:29
Log in Sign up Bubette Salam @ BubetteS "We are trained Marxists."-- BLM co-founder
pic.twitter.com/Cn2mqCXjuW 7:48 AM - 18 Jun 2020 Twitter by: 🇺🇸 ð'--¼ð'• ðŸ‡(C)🇪 ð'•‚ð'--¸ 🇺🇸' @EM_KA_17 Klim die Berg @ Bergklimmer12
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS @LowBudgetGenius She's learned to repeat a number of fancy phrases, but it's obvious that there's no logic in what she's saying. She has no real point, and the element of honesty just isn't there.
View conversation · Matt Muscat 🇬🇧 ðŸ´ó §ó ó ¥ó ®ó §ó  🇲🇹 @ MattMuscat9
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS @CrankyNot Ideological = brainwashing 👍🏽
View conversation · WestCoastDude76 @ Dude76West
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS @madzaf992 And Marxism has to with BLM how?It's a means to an end. The end being total control of the narrative.
View conversation · ParadoxisQ'd'­'­ðŸŒŽðŸŒðŸŒ'­'­ @ paradoxiscue
23h Replying to
@BubetteS The light dimimishes when she says Marxists...hmmm
View conversation · Peter Bravo-Zulu @ PeterPendlebur2
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS @fjarilslarv It would be funny if it wasn't so sinister.🤬
View conversation · Thomas M Johnson @ ThomasMJohnso16
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS They even tell you up front about their beliefs, ideology and plans for America. Ballsy...
View conversation · ðŸ--¥ðŸFullmetal Anarchist🐍ðŸ--¥ @ iAmKingRoundz
23h Replying to
@BubetteS pic.twitter.com/zF3JjHbYWx View conversation · MartiReeve @ marti_reeve
17h Replying to
@BubetteS @GingerTaylor Here is the full context, not that it is any better.
econospeak.blogspot.com/2015/08/what-i'... View conversation · Lynn Riley 🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸 @ lynnriley14
Jun 18 Replying to
@BubetteS 🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕🖕u, marx, blm
View conversation · Kawaii Kitsune III @ wownotever
20h Replying to
@BubetteS @FluffyTet youtube.com/watch?v=0XxYwW'... View conversation · Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
Settings Help Back to top ·
Turn images off
VIDEO-Benny on Twitter: ".@PressSec TORCHES @Acosta after he repeatedly asks questions because he can't comprehend a meme. CNN regularly twists the facts and puts misleading headlines on their network. That was the point of the meme.. https://t.co/IAjtk
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 14:27
Replying to
@bennyjohnson @PressSec @Acosta Just another sad example of modern journalists twisting facts and history to fit a socialist narrative.This is why so many Americans no longer trust them. They are not interested in informing the public.We cannot trust people who call the truth a lie, and a lie the truth.
VIDEO - Alicia Keys, LL Cool J and the new wave of protest songs - BBC News
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:49
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Alicia Keys: The death of George Floyd has prompted one of the biggest movements against racism since the civil rights era.
Protests were held globally after video footage from Minneapolis showed a white police officer kneeling on Mr Floyd's neck for almost nine minutes.
The 46-year-old could be heard repeatedly telling the officer, "I can't breathe".
Around the world, music became a crucial way for people to express their grief and anger.
Bob Marley's Get Up, Stand Up and Bill Withers' Lean On Me soundtracked several protests, while streaming figures for songs that call out police violence soared: from Childish Gambino's This Is America and Kendrick Lamar's Alright to NWA's visceral hip-hop track [Expletive] Tha Police.
The latter was also used by hackers to disrupt police scanners in Chicago during the protests.
In a more unifying moment, protestors in Atlanta encouraged the National Guard to join them in performing the Macarena.
As the Black Lives Matter movement continues, the record industry has been paused to examine its own history of racial exclusion, and the inequity between black artists and the mainly white executives who profit from their work.
Meanwhile, artists have channelled their frustration and anger into a new wave of protest songs, directly inspired by Mr Floyd's death and its aftermath.
Here are some of the most striking examples - but please be aware that many of these songs contain explicit language.
Alicia Keys - Perfect Way To DieSung from the perspective of a mourning mother whose son has been shot to death, Alicia Keys' new single was released on Juneteenth - a holiday celebrating the emancipation of enslaved people in the US.
It was originally written in response to the deaths of Mike Brown and Sandra Bland, the former killed by police in Missouri in 2014, the latter who died in a jail cell in 2015 after Texas police stopped her for a minor traffic violation - but Keys said the message was "never not going to be relevant".
"Of course there is no perfect way to die," she wrote in an Instagram caption, as she premiered the song. "This phrase doesn't even make sense but that's what makes the title so powerful and heartbreaking because so many have died unjustly.
"We all know none of these innocent lives should have been taken due to the culture of police violence."
H.E.R - I Can't Breathe"Just by the title, you know that it means something painful," said Grammy-nominated R&B artist H.E.R. as she debuted her new song in a living room concert.
"These lyrics were kind of easy to write because it came from a conversation of what's happening right now, what's been happening, and the change that we need to see," she said before her performance.
"I think music is powerful when it comes to change and when it comes to healing, and that's why I wrote this song, to make a mark in history."
The sombre, guitar-led song asks: "What is a gun to a man that surrenders / What's it gonna take for someone to defend her / If we all agree that we're equal as people / Then why can't we see what's evil?"
H.E.R. said the track tackles the question that's been plaguing her over the last few weeks: Why is there so much hate?
"My favourite line in the song is, 'How do we cope when we don't love each other?'" she told TMZ. "I think we're all questioning that now."
LL Cool J - Untitled Freestyle From the very first bar, you can tell LL Cool J won't be holding back.
"For 400 years you had your knees on our necks," he raps. "A garden of evil with no seeds of respect".
The 52-year-old goes on to ask what would have happened to former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, had he not been filmed by bystanders during Mr Floyd's fatal arrest.
"Watching that man die slow left a hole," he says, "If it wasn't for them phones, Chauvin would be at home / Feeling justified because of George skin tone / I'm telling those with melanin, you're not alone."
Dua Saleh - BodycastMinneapolis artist Dua Saleh originally wrote Body Cast in response to the deaths of Jamar Clark and Philando Castile, who were fatally shot by police in separate incidents in 2015 and 2016.
"Unfortunately, I could have written the song at any point in my life and it would have been relevant, which is frightening to say the least," they told the Switched On Pop podcast.
The intro samples clips of Angela Whitehead, a woman from Montana who went viral last year when she rebuked two police officers for entering her home without a warrant or viable cause.
Saleh later references the stand-off in her lyrics, singing: "You must be crazy, coming up in here talking about you heard something / You heard me talking, I talk loud and I'm aggressive and guess what? / You did not knock on my door."
"I just don't trust police officers in general," the singer said. "I was just like disgusted at the thought that policing was a safe and viable option for black communities."
Proceeds from the song's download are being donated to the Minneapolis-based organisation, Black Visions Collective.
Terrace Martin feat. Denzel Curry, Daylyt, Kamasi Washington, and G Perico - Pig Feet"Someone asked, how do I feel?" Terrace Martin wrote, as he introduced his response to George Floyd's death.
"I told them hurt, fearless, angry, aware and fully ready to protect me, my family and my people at all cost. I got together with black men that felt the same way and created a work of truth."
The result is Pig Feet - a frenetic and urgent collision of jazz and hip-hop, where Kamasi Washington's fidgety saxophone emphasises lyrics about structural racism and police brutality.
It was first released on YouTube, accompanied by a video compiling clips from recent Black Lives Matter protests, followed by a list of victims of police violence that scroll silently up the screen.
Keedron Bryant - I Just Wanna LiveTwelve-year-old Keedron Bryant gave voice to the feelings of thousands when he uploaded a simple, a capella performance of the original song I Just Wanna Live to Instagram three weeks ago.
"I'm a young black man / Doing all that I can / To stand, oh but when I look around / And I see what's being done to my kind/ Every day, I'm being hunted as prey," he sang, looking directly into the camera.
His performance, and the directness of the lyrics, written by his mother, won praise from Barack Obama, LeBron James, Janet Jackson and Katy Perry, who reposted the song to her followers with the message #BLACKLIVESMATTER.
On Friday, record label Warner Bros announced it had signed Keedron to a recording contract.
Follow us on Facebook, or on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts. If you have a story suggestion email entertainment.news@bbc.co.uk .
VIDEO - Coronavirus Is Not Mutating, WHO Says - YouTube
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 09:09
VIDEO - Deep Astrology Weekly Horoscope June 18-23 2020 Solar Eclipse in Cancer, Major Retrogrades - YouTube
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 08:12
VIDEO-DC Basement >> '•¸ðŸ¥ƒ on Twitter: "@MoeFactz @adamcurry clip, ''Chick-Fil-A CEO Dan Cathy says white people should find black strangers, go up to them, and shine their shoes to show repentance for their sins of racism'' https://t.co/8umGRsUgZ6
Fri, 19 Jun 2020 07:18
Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
VIDEO-Donald Trump Supports Colin Kaepernick's Possible Return - YouTube
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 22:57
VIDEO-Rena'­¸'­¸'­¸ Text TRUMP 88022 on Twitter: "MUST WATCH! I love the spunk from this lady! God Bless her!!!! Mayor Deblasio is getting called out for protesting against the United States. He used taxpayers money going to Germany to protest ag
Thu, 18 Jun 2020 15:53
Log in Sign up Rena'­¸'­¸'­¸ Text TRUMP 88022 @ ROHLL5 MUST WATCH! I love the spunk from this lady! God Bless her!!!! Mayor Deblasio is getting called out for protesting against the United States. He used taxpayers money going to Germany to protest against our country! Remove him from office.
pic.twitter.com/6348YZOrFN 11:31 AM - 18 Jun 2020 Twitter by: Rena'­¸'­¸'­¸ Text TRUMP 88022 @ROHLL5 TKN ðŸ'· @ TKN1202
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 That is one tough lady. Mayor deBlasio was smart (for once) to walk away from her. If he stayed just a moment longer she would have chewed him up and spit him out. I must also add, she was 500% correct.
View conversation · LORI HENDRY @ Lrihendry
1h Replying to
@ROHLL5 We need more people like that willing to speak up and tell the truth!
View conversation · 🇺🇸What will you give for Freedom?#KAG🌟🌟🌟 @ alverson_kevin
18m Replying to
@Lrihendry @ROHLL5 Please continue...in your patience possess ye your soul It will ALL come out & they will repay us every cent, all the LORD'S day long
View conversation · JoAnn Piccin @ JoannPiccin
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 @VLovesAnimals "Can't wait for Election Day. Buddy you are out." Gotta love the lady...
View conversation · Linda Gleason'­'­'­ @ LindaGleason
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 @KarmasKeeper81 Of course Warren Wilhelm Jr. Is going to Germany!
View conversation · Linda Gleason'­'­'­ @ LindaGleason
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 @KarmasKeeper81 That is his Real name. Why would he change his name?ðŸ¤--
View conversation · Girl'¥¸Bot @ AMErikaNGIRLLL
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 Amen!!! God bless her!!
View conversation · Sandpiper👑'''¸''¸ðŸ•ðŸ''¤¸ @ darhar981
25m Replying to
@ROHLL5 @NYCMayor I absolutely love this women. She grab a piece of my heart.. this was just fabulous.. I hope you were listening
@NYCMayor cause this is how your constituents feel... God Bless Her ðŸðŸ>> ''¤¸ðŸ‘ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>👏ðŸ>>
View conversation · ðŸ¤--Douglass🗽🕊'š– @ Dougsjourney7
19m Replying to
@darhar981 @ROHLL5 @NYCMayor IS SHE SINGLE?? I THINK I'M IN LOVE''£¸ðŸ¥°
View conversation · Stewart Boykin @ BeniAdino
2h Replying to
@ROHLL5 @Jamierodr14 She is a firecracker!!! I could watch that 1000 times and not tire of it!
View conversation · Enter a topic, @name, or fullname
Settings Help Back to top ·
Turn images off

Art

Image
Load image
Image
Load image

All Clips

Don Jr interviews Dad Trump -2- Roswell.mp3
Geoffrey Berman is leaving office immediately after standoff with Trump administration - CNN.mp3
Don Jr interviews Dad Trump -1- Fave Trump Kid Ivanka.mp3
Megan Markle on BLM.mp3
Patrice Cullors BLM Co-founder - We are Trained Marxists.mp3
Patrisse Cullors BLM Co-founder -We are here to push Trump out.mp3
Reply-All Podcast from Gimlet - White Venmos to Blacks.mp3
Ban 'racist Black Pete' Jesse Jackson writes Dutch PM Rutte.mp3