936: Paris Pullout

Adam Curry & John C. Dvorak

3h 11m
June 8th, 2017
Share at 0:00

Executive Producers: George Kunath, Adam Barrett

Associate Executive Producers: Michelle Cartmell, Sir Keith of Fayettenam, Alexander Seeboth, Sir Mediafiler, Beau Brown, Christopher Remer, Jennifer Chocholacek, Susan Johnson

Cover Artist: unclecavebear

Chapters

0:00
Start of Show
Woodstock
Suggest a new chapter
COMEY
Comey Sued Over "Widespread Illegal Spying On Americans" - Vessel News
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 20:36
John Solomon and Sara Carter | Circa News
A former U.S. intelligence contractor has sued fired FBI Director James Comey and other current and ex-government officials, alleging the bureau has covered up evidence provided to agents showing widespread illegal spying on Americans.
The suit, filed late Monday night by Dennis Montgomery, was assigned to the same federal judge who has already ruled that some of the National Security Agency's collection of data on Americans violates the U.S. Constitution's Fourth Amendment, setting up an intriguing legal proceeding in the nation's capital this summer.
Documents obtained by Circa outside of the lawsuit show that the U.S. attorney's office in Washington in 2015 approved a grant of limited immunity for Montgomery so he could explain how he managed to walk out of his contract work for several U.S. intelligence agencies with 47 hard drives of highly classified documents '-- a security breach potentially larger than Edward Snowden's leak.
The documents show FBI agents interviewed Montgomery on videotape for several hours and collected the 47 hard drives.
The FBI contacts with Montgomery were encouraged by a senior status federal judge, who encouraged the two sides to meet rather than allow for any of the classified materials to leak, according to interviews Circa conducted.
Montgomery's lawsuit, which included his lawyer, the well-known conservative activist Larry Klayman, alleges Montgomery provided extensive evidence to the FBI of illegal spying on Americans ranging from judges to businessman like the future President Donald Trump.
The suit did not offer specifics of any illegal spying, but it accused the bureau of failing to take proper actions to rectify Montgomery's concerns.
Montgomery divulged to the FBI a ''pattern and practice of conducting illegal, unconstitutional surveillance against millions of Americans, including prominent Americans such as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, other justices, 156 judges, prominent businessmen, and others such as Donald J. Trump, as well as Plaintiffs themselves,'' Montgomery and Klayman alleged in their suit.
Read more
Related
James Comey Timeline on ''Not Informing Jeff Sessions'' Doesn't Add Up'...
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:55
Another interesting contradiction from the pre-released James Comey congressional opening testimony statement surrounds a part of his explanation for not informing Attorney General Jeff Sessions, about the content of a February 14th oval office discussion with President Trump about Mike Flynn, against the backdrop of the timing.
Consider the Timeline:
February 8th '' AG Jeff Sessions confirmedFebruary 14th '' Comey meets with President Trump (oval office above)March 1st '' AG Sessions and Ambassador Kislyak controversy begins. (link)March 2nd '' Sessions recuses himself from the Russian Investigation. (link)See the problem? At the time outlined by FBI Director James Comey, February 14th, there was nothing to indicate Attorney General Jeff Sessions would recuse himself.
Why, on February 14th, would the FBI leadership team and James Comey be saying:
''we concluded it made little sense to report it to AG sessions, who we expected would likely recuse himself from involvement in the Russia-related investigations''
'...when it wasn't until more than two weeks later that the entire reason, the origin for the recusal consideration itself, became known '' March 1st.
Obviously this current statement was written by James Comey post-facto with a paramount need to justify the action taken by himself the team that was conducting the counterintelligence investigation.
However, that said, unless the FBI leadership team also carried some psychic skill at looking into the future there's no way they could have known on February 14th that Jeff Sessions would recuse himself on March 2nd.
Unless'...
Unless, the counterintelligence surveillance was targeting Russian Ambassador Kislyak (not unexpected given the nature of their wide-net surveillance construct), and the unmasking they were currently utilizing gave them some insight or information on the September '16 meeting that ultimately led to AG Sessions decision to recuse himself.
That possibility, albeit a stretch trying to reconcile the irreconcilable, leads to a need for a review of the original WaPo article that kicked off the entire Sessions/ Kislyak controversy:
Then-Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.) spoke twice last year with Russia's ambassador to the United States, Justice Department officials said, encounters he did not disclose when asked about possible contacts between members of President Trump's campaign and representatives of Moscow during Sessions's confirmation hearing to become attorney general.
One of the meetings was a private conversation between Sessions and Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyakthat took place in September in the senator's office, at the height of what U.S. intelligence officials say was a Russian cyber campaign to upend the U.S. presidential race.
The previously undisclosed discussions could fuel new congressional calls for the appointment of a special counsel to investigate Russia's alleged role in the 2016 presidential election. As attorney general, Sessions oversees the Justice Department and the FBI, which have been leading investigations into Russian meddling and any links to Trump's associates. He has so far resisted calls to recuse himself. (link)
Unless the vaguely outlined ''FBI leadership team'', as described by Comey, had some knowledge of the Kislyak controversy in advance of the actual controversy surfacing there's no reasonable way they could have known on February 14th that Jeff Sessions would be in a position to recuse himself on March 2nd.
And if they did have foreknowledge on February 14th of the need for recusal, then the strongest likelihood exists that existing or recently dispatched political agents within the counterintelligence investigation [DOJ (Yates) or FBI (McCabe/Comey)] were the source for the WaPo leak based on their exclusive surveillance knowledge.
Sketchy, all the way around.
Verrry, sketchy'...
The most likely scenario, the Occam's Razor per se', is that James Comey never told Jeff Sessions on February 14th about his concerns that stemmed from the meeting because:
A.) He didn't have any concerns because there was nothing to be concerned about.
or
B.) Because Comey believed Sessions would most likely tell the President.
Those more simple explanations highlight how political James Comey was. Given how this statement was written well after the fact, option ''A'' is more likely than ''B''.
Bottom line, there's no way Comey could have known on February 14th that Sessions would recuse himself unless Comey's team were constructing the narrative that would lead to the recusal.
Advertisements
Agenda 2030
Evangelical Responses to Pelosi et al using religion
Beth here...
Yes we see through Pelosi and any politician that tries to use Christianity to gain popularity.
And while I'm on the subject, I've meant to email you guys for awhile now and mention that I appreciate the fact that you two aren't negative toward christians. It means a lot that you don't beat us down or ridicule our faith even though you don't believe as we do.
Thanks!
Beth J
Evangelical Christian here..
And yes….I see through Pelosi’s words.
It is however not a safe assumption that my fellow Christians (note, I did not say republicans), can also see through it. I know plenty who can’t.
FYI, the pope is not an Evangelical Christian. He’s a Catholic. Evangelical Christian’s are of Protestant descent (or….in protest of Catholicism).
I can definitely imagine that ‘meeting’ happening with the left. “Hey, how do we get right-wingers to vote for us? I know!! Call them sinners for destroying God’s creation!!!”. Wouldn’t put that past the left OR the right.
Grant
Evangelical vote may not see through it
I'm listening to show 936 right now. John and yourself were talking (very briefly) about if the evangelical vote could be swayed by climate change talkers suddenly talking about God and being good stewards to God's creation and the environment. The answer is, yes, absolutely these people could be swayed!
My mother-in-law is the kind of person that would fall into this type of category. If the arguement makes some type of sense and can be equated to the Bible and God's will, sometimes even a devout believer can be swayed to believe anything, despite what they know as fact. Flat earth included.
In short, not all evangelical voters would see through a sudden narrative shift regarding the climate and adding God to it, as one would hope. In fact, many may fall neatly in line.
Love the show!
Michelle
Hi from one of your "Evangelical" listeners
Nancy Pelosi is a nut bar.
Evangelicals are NOT Catholic. They are Protestant. The vast majority of the Protestant population has a less than happy view of the Roman Catholic Church as an institution and sees NO authority in it on their lives. The pope can say whatever he wants. The only people that care for real are dedicated Catholics. And notice what and how I said that.
In the sphere that is casually called Christiandom, there is a huge schism and it is divided into the RCC and Protestants. The single most important difference is that in the RCC, people are taught that there is no way for them to petition God directly (pray to God). They are taught that only the Pope has the direct line to God. In Protestantism and all of its denominations (Cults and sudo-cults such as the Mormons and the Jehovah's Witnesses not withstanding), it is taught that YOU have that personal relationship with God in his Son Jesus the Messiah (Christ is Greek for Messiah). The Catholic Catechism does not instruct people that it is necessary to accept Jesus as your personal Lord and Savior.
As for how all this ties into Christianity and Climate Change...
The flood and the covenant. This is why you will find very few Christians that are worried to a panic. If you believe in the Bible then there is no doom coming other than the Tribulation/end times. God said he would never again flood the world. One could argue that it is us that are flooding the world but that puts us in supremacy over God. It is extremely arrogant to the point of hubris.
Another thing is that most Christians are in agreement regarding our place on Earth as stewards. We are here to not simply enjoy things but to be good stewards of the things we have. This means that REAL pollution is the issue and not some hopped up worry about a necessary trace gas.
As Freeman Dyson himself has posed, even if the planet is warming and even if we are the single greatest cause, there is still yet one unanswered question that the CAGW people avoid at all costs: Is it actually a BAD thing if the temperatures go up a little compared to what you get if the temperatures go down.
As, always, even when you guys are a little annoying, you do FAR more good work in your show and I GREATLY appreciate it. I have utterly abandoned ALL of the MSM in my home country of Canada and rarely bother with anything else from around the worlds MSM. I am almost entirely reliant on you two and on independent journalists such as Tim Pool and independent minds such as Sargon of Akkad, Computing Forever, Black Pigeon Speaks, Professor Jordan Peterson, Stefan Molyneux and many others on YouTube.
Keep up the good fight!
Jason.
P.S. -- I have family in Lubbock so small world!
P.P.S -- Just so you know, I come from a family of Baptists. My father went to seminary but then became a meteorologist. We have many pastoral friends from other denominations such as Nazarene, Pentecostal and Wesleyan. For an average person, I am quite well versed across many aspects of them. Also, my mother came out of the Catholic Church. I also had a Mormon co-worker try to convert me so I deep dived on a MONSTER pile of apologetics on multiple denominations and whatnot. I am not speaking from the cheap seats is what I am saying.
Miami #fish
I am listening to your Sunday show and was just listening to the mayor of Miami. The reason Miami and every other town in America is having flood problems is because they have not controlled their rain water run off. Over the last 50 +\- years these towns have failed to take into account all of the hard surfaces (parking lots, buildings, and etc....) that no longer allows rain to naturally be absorbed into the soils and instead has rerouted all of it to the waterways, and then they restricted the flow of these waterways with bridges that didn't account for the extra water. This is why FEMA is redoing their flood maps and insurance companies are now forcing home owners to have flood insurance on properties that have never been flooded.
Aaron
fema miami flood map changes - #fish
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 11:40
fema miami flood map - Google SearchScreen reader users, click here to turn off Google Instant.
Please click
here if you are not redirected within a few seconds.
About 345,000 results (0.76 seconds)
Flood Zone Maps - Miami-Dade Countywww.miamidade.gov/environment/flood-maps.aspMay 26, 2016 - The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) detailed digital flood hazard maps reflect current flood risks for Miami-Dade County. The maps, also referred to as Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs), illustrate flood hazards throughout the County and are used when determining ... Zone AE and A1-30 | FEMA.govhttps://www.fema.gov/zone-ae-and-a1-30Mar 7, 2017 - Flood Insurance. ... National Flood Insurance Program Policy Index. ... The purpose of this page is to define Zones AE and A1-30, commonly used terms in floodplain management. Miami-Dade Preliminary Flood Maps Make Debut | FEMA.govhttps://www.fema.gov/news.../02/.../miami-dade-preliminary-flood-maps-make-debutFeb 13, 2008 - Residents in Miami-Dade County will be able to view the newly revised preliminary Digital Flood Insurance Rate Maps beginning Feb. FEMA Flood Map Service Center - FEMA.govhttps://www.fema.gov/msc-theme-template-v1FEMA Flood Map Service Center: Click to expand and share this page on social networks Share This Page. Facebook Icon Twitter Icon LinkedIn Icon Google ... Flood Zones | FEMA.govhttps://www.fema.gov/flood-zonesMar 7, 2017 - The purpose of this page is to define flood zones, a commonly used term in floodplain management. South Miami, FL - Official Website - Flood Zoneswww.southmiamifl.gov/index.aspx?NID=187These properties had their flood zones changed by FEMA after performing detailed analyses of the flood risks associated with the properties / buildings upon ... My Account Search Maps YouTube Play News Gmail Drive Calendar Google+ Translate Photos MoreShopping Wallet Finance Docs Books Blogger Contacts Hangouts Keep Even more from Google
Stephen Hawking adjusts Doomsday clock, gives us 100 years to leave Earth - Techly
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 13:14
We gotta get out of this place. (''This place'' being the Earth that we all know and love).
Stephen Hawking has come up with yet another doomsday prediction for humans, this time giving us just 100 years to skedaddle.
Professor Hawking's apocalyptic predictions began in 2015, when he mentioned in a Reddit Ask Me Anything (AMA) session that super intelligent AI might wipe us all out. He's also cautioned against contacting aliens that might not be as friendly as we think.
In November last year, he gave us about 1,000 years to leave Earth. Then in March of this year, he hinted that a one-world government might be the answer to our myriad problems.
Now the respected physicist is warning that humanity needs to become a multi-planetary species within the next century in order to avoid extinction.
My question is this: What happened in the last in the last six months for him to shave 900 years off our time on Earth? It seems a little'...rash.
OK, so the U.S. has its first orange president and North Korea's Great Haircut is looking a little dangerous, but 900 years less? All due respect, but that's a massive reduction in our life expectancy.
Professor Hawking made the prediction in a new documentary called Expedition New Earth, which the BBC will air on June 15.
In the documentary, Hawking claims that we need to leave Earth because of problems such as climate change, asteroid strikes, epidemics and overpopulation. He also travels the world with his former student Christopher Galfard and engineering professor Danielle George to find out how we could live in outer space.
In recent months, Mars has been dominating headlines as the most likely candidate for colonisation. The Red Planet has a lot going for it, including ice deposits, useful elements, the potential for renewable energy projects, an atmosphere (albeit thin), kinda tolerable temperatures, decent day length and manageable gravity.
On the minus side, it's still damn far away and pretty hostile compared to the cushy comforts of Good Old Earth. It's one thing to talk about leaving, but actually doing it will be very difficult and incredibly dangerous. Getting all of us off Earth within 100 years? No way.
Excluding a sudden meteor strike, to which there is no defence (except Bruce Willis), wouldn't it be easier to just take better care of this planet?
Stefan is an Adelaide-based freelance writer. In his spare time, he plays tennis badly, collects vinyl and brushes up on his Mandarin. Follow Stefan on Twitter
The Utter Complete Total Fraud of Wind Power
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:58
by Matt Ridley
June 2, 2017
The Global Wind Energy Council recently released its latest report, excitedly boasting that 'the proliferation of wind energy into the global power market continues at a furious pace, after it was revealed that more than 54 gigawatts of clean renewable wind power was installed across the global market last year'.
You may have the impression from announcements like that, and from the obligatory pictures of wind turbines in any New York Times story, that wind power is making a big contribution to world energy today.
You would be wrong. Its contribution is still, after decades '-- nay centuries '-- of development, trivial to the point of irrelevance. Even after 30 years of huge subsidies, wind power provides only slightly more than zero energy to the world.
Even put together, wind and photovoltaic solar are supplying less than 1 per cent of global energy demand.
From the International Energy Agency's 2016 Key Renewables Trends, we can see that wind provided 0.46 per cent of global energy consumption in 2014, and solar and tide combined provided 0.35 per cent. Remember this is total energy, not just electricity, which is less than a fifth of all final energy, the rest being the solid, gaseous, and liquid fuels that do the heavy lifting for heat, transport and industry.
Wind energy is 3.3% of the 13.8% of the renewable fuel share. 13.8% x 3.3% = 0.46%
Such numbers are not hard to find, but they don't figure prominently in reports on energy derived from the Unreliables Lobby (solar and wind). Their trick is to hide behind the statement that close to 14 per cent of the world's energy is renewable, with the implication that this is wind and solar.
In fact the vast majority '-- three quarters '-- is biomass (mainly wood), and a very large part of that is 'traditional biomass': sticks, logs, charcoal and dung burned by the poor in their homes to cook with. Those people need that energy, but they pay a big price in health problems caused by smoke inhalation.
Even in rich countries playing with subsidized wind and solar, a huge slug of their renewable energy comes from wood and hydro, the reliable renewables.
Meanwhile, world energy demand has been growing at about 2 per cent a year for nearly 40 years. Between 2013 and 2014, again using International Energy Agency data, it grew by just under 2,000 terawatt-hours.
If wind turbines were to supply all of that growth but no more, how many would need to be built each year? The answer is nearly 350,000, since a two-megawatt turbine can produce about 0.005 terawatt-hours per annum. That's one-and-a-half times as many as have been built in the world since governments started pouring taxpayer money into this so-called industry in the early 2000s.
At a density of, very roughly, 50 acres per megawatt, typical for wind farms, that many turbines would require a land area half the size of the British Isles, including Ireland (61,000 sq mi). Every year.
If we kept this up for 50 years, we would have covered every square mile of a land area half the size of Russia with wind farms (3.05 million sq mi).
Remember, this would be just to fulfill the new demand for energy, not to displace the vast existing supply of energy from fossil fuels, which currently supply 80 per cent of global energy needs.
Further, the Unreliables Lobby cannot take refuge in the idea that wind turbines could become more efficient. There is a limit to how much energy you can extract from a moving fluid, the Betz limit, and wind turbines are already close to it.
And more: wind turbine effectiveness (the load factor, to use the engineering term) is determined by the wind that is available, and that varies at its own sweet will from second to second, day to day, year to year.
As machines, wind turbines are pretty good already; the problem is the wind resource itself, and we cannot change that. It's a fluctuating stream of low''density energy. Mankind stopped using it for mission-critical transport and mechanical power long ago, for sound reasons. It's just not very good. How much global cargo is shipped by sailing ships these days?
As for resource consumption and environmental impacts, the direct effects of wind turbines '-- killing birds and bats, sinking concrete foundations deep into wild lands '-- is bad enough.
But out of sight and mind is the dirty pollution generated in Inner Mongolia by the mining of rare-earth metals for the magnets in the turbines. This generates toxic and radioactive waste on an epic scale, which is why the phrase 'clean energy' is such a sick joke and greenie politicians should be ashamed every time it passes their lips.
It gets worse.
Wind turbines, apart from the fiberglass blades, are made mostly of steel, with concrete bases. They need about 200 times as much material per unit of capacity as a modern combined cycle gas turbine. Steel is made with coal, not just to provide the heat for smelting ore, but to supply the carbon in the alloy. Cement is also often made using coal. The machinery of 'clean' renewables is the output of the fossil fuel economy, and largely the coal economy.
A two-megawatt wind turbine weighs about 250 metric tons, including the tower, nacelle, rotor and blades. Globally, it takes about half a ton of coal to make a ton of steel. Add another 25 tons of coal for making the cement and you're talking 150 metric tons of coal per turbine.
Now if we are to build 350,000 wind turbines a year (or a smaller number of bigger ones), just to keep up with increasing energy demand, that will require 50 million metric tons of coal a year more than being mined now. That's about half the EU's hard coal''mining output.
The point of running through these numbers is to demonstrate that it is utterly futile, on a priori grounds, even to think that wind power can make any significant contribution to world energy supply, let alone to emissions reductions, without ruining the planet. As the extraordinary polymath Sir David MacKay pointed out, the arithmetic is against such unreliable renewables.
MacKay, former chief scientific adviser to the Department of Energy and Climate Change, said in the final interview before his tragic death last year that the idea that renewable energy could power the UK is an ''appalling delusion'' '-- for this reason, that there is not enough land.
The truth is, if you want to power civilization with fewer greenhouse gas emissions, then you should focus on shifting power generation, heat and transport to natural gas, the economically recoverable reserves of which '-- thanks to horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing '-- are much more abundant than we dreamed they ever could be.
It is also the lowest-emitting of the fossil fuels, so the emissions intensity of our wealth creation can actually fall while our wealth continues to increase.
And let's put some of that burgeoning wealth in nuclear, fission and fusion, so that it can take over from gas in the second half of this century. That is an engineerable, clean future.
Everything else is a political displacement activity, one that is actually counterproductive as a climate policy and, worst of all, shamefully robs the poor to make the taxpayer-subsidized crony-rich even richer.
'-- Matt Ridley is the author of The Rational Optimist, and as 5th Viscount Ridley is a Member of the British House of Lords. The Utter Complete Total Fraud of Wind Power originally appeared at To The Point News.
Scientists are testing a ''vaccine'' against climate change denial - Vox
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:34
In the battle between facts and fake news, facts are at a disadvantage. Researchers have found that facts alone rarely dislodge misperceptions, and in some cases even strengthen mistaken beliefs.
That's just as true for climate change as it is for any other politically polarized issue in the US. The theory of identity-protective cognition, developed by Yale Law professor Dan Kahan, holds that we subconsciously resist any facts that threaten our defining values '-- and better reasoning skills may make us even better at resisting. People who are more scientifically literate, for instance, are even more divided about the risks of climate change than those who are less scientifically literate.
Deliberate campaigns against climate change science '-- like the one launched by the American Petroleum Institute in the late 1990s that's been much imitated since '-- have taken advantage of this tendency, encouraging resistance to the facts by exaggerating the uncertainty inherent in the science.
But two recent, preliminary studies suggest there's hope for the facts about climate change. Borrowing from the medical lexicon, these studies show that it may be possible to metaphorically ''inoculate'' people against misinformation about climate change, and by doing so give the facts a boost. What's more, these researchers suggest, strategic inoculation could create a level of ''herd immunity'' and undercut the overall effects of fake news.
''Nobody likes to be misled, no matter their politics''Psychologists have known for decades that people are more resistant to misinformation if they're warned about it beforehand. Teens who are warned about the dangers of smoking are less likely to succumb to their friends' arguments in favor of it; people who are warned about pro-sugar campaigns by soda companies are less likely to fall for them. These ''inoculation messages'' can even work retroactively, changing the minds of those who have already been influenced by misinformation.
John Cook, a cognitive scientist at the Center for Climate Change Communication at George Mason University in Virginia, recently tested the strength of inoculation messages against the notorious Oregon Petition, which uses fake experts to cast doubt on the scientific consensus on climate change.
In the journal PLOS One, Cook and his colleagues reported that when about 100 study participants were presented with the misinformation alone, their views did further polarize along political lines. But when another group of participants were first warned about a general strategy used in misinformation campaigns '-- in this case, they were told that fake experts had often been used by the tobacco industry to question the scientific consensus about the effects of tobacco on health, and were shown an ad with the text ''20,679 physicians say 'Luckies are less irritating''' '-- the polarizing effect of the misinformation was completely neutralized.
''Nobody likes to be misled, no matter their politics,'' says Cook. He suggests that inoculation messages may serve to put listeners on alert for trickery, making them more likely to scrutinize the information they receive.
Cook's research complements findings by Sander van der Linden, a psychology professor at Cambridge, who has also tested the strength of inoculation messages against the Oregon Petition. In a study published in the journal Global Challenges earlier this year, van der Linden and his colleagues presented more than 2,000 participants of varying political beliefs with one of two inoculation messages. The first, shorter message stated that ''some politically motivated groups use misleading tactics to try to convince the public that there is a lot of disagreement among scientists.'' Participants were then told that among climate scientists, there is virtually no disagreement that humans are causing climate change. The longer message specifically debunked the Oregon Petition before informing participants about the scientific consensus.
Both messages were equally effective across the political spectrum; the shorter message protected the effects of the scientific consensus on participants by one-third, while the longer one protected by about two-thirds. Inoculation, in other words, doesn't insulate the facts from damage, but it does give them a shot at survival.
Come hither, climate skeptic, and listen to this tall tale. Shutterstock Start with the facts, then debunk the mythBoth Cook and van der Linden say that while we do tend to resist facts that challenge our defining values, that defensive reaction can be circumvented. Previous studies by van der Linden and others show that the scientific consensus on the magnitude and causes of climate change can serve as what van der Linden calls a ''gateway belief,'' in that its acceptance can be a first step toward a more comprehensive change of views.
''Consensus messages don't ask people to change their beliefs '-- they ask them to change their opinion about what other people believe, so they're not a direct threat to their identity,'' says van der Linden. ''We've found that they're one way to get people more aligned on the side of climate science.'' Because consensus opinions from a respected group tend to be accepted as much if not more readily by conservatives than liberals, he says, they appear to decrease rather than increase polarization.
For Cook, who founded the Skeptical Science blog 10 years ago and is still actively combating misinformation about climate change, the results of the inoculation studies are immediately applicable. He used to try to avoid mentioning the misinformation when trying to debunk it, but now he confronts the fakery with an inoculation message. ''You can't talk around it; otherwise it persists,'' he says. ''What's important is to lead with the facts '-- the facts are the headline '-- then introduce the myth, and then explain why it's wrong.''
Earlier this month, Cook deployed this strategy in a response to a National Review article that used his own work to question the scientific consensus on climate change. ''There is a consensus of evidence that human activity is causing all of recent global warming. Not some of it. Not even most of it. All of it,'' his 1,000-word critique begins. Not until the sixth paragraph does he begin the inoculation: ''Unfortunately, it's all-too-easy to mislead people into thinking that experts disagree on human-caused global warming,'' he writes. ''If you want to work out whether you're getting taken in with the fake-expert strategy, take a closer look at the 'experts' who are being cited.''
He then outlines the typical strategies used by climate deniers, such as the use of fake experts, logical fallacies, and conspiracy theories to undermine the scientific consensus, before moving on to a critique of the original article.
Of course, we can't always deploy such lengthy and detailed debunkings. But Cook points out that even very brief, general warnings about science denialism strategies appear to have a significant inoculation effect '-- suggesting that they may work as wide-spectrum ''vaccines'' against many kinds of misinformation. He's also heartened by the possibility that inoculation messages could create a kind of herd immunity: Other researchers have found that when people receive inoculation messages against public health misinformation, they spread their immunity to misinformation through conversation.
In the US in particular, climate change has become so politicized that what Cook calls ''climate silence'' is often observed in polite company. ''It's become this taboo topic that people are reluctant to talk about,'' he says. ''But when people understand both sides of a controversial topic, they're more confident in talking about it. So inoculation can encourage people to break climate silence.''
''Teaching the controversy'' isn't such a bad idea '-- as long as you distinguish fact from fictionWhile even brief inoculation messages can have lasting effects, permanent immunity requires repeated treatments '-- preferably starting with kids. Former climate denialists who have ''converted'' to support of the scientific consensus, such as Jerry Taylor of the Niskanen Center, often point to an informal inoculation message as the beginning of their reconsideration of the issue, but say their transformation took years to accomplish.
When Cook started Skeptical Science in 2007, he thought that climate denialism '-- and his blog '-- would disappear within a few years. Now he's convinced that inoculation messaging needs to be used more widely and systematically in education, and he's incorporated it into his own university and online courses. One unexpected benefit, he reports, is that addressing the misinformation alongside the facts doesn't confuse, but instead adds interest.
''Because inoculation presents both the facts and the myths, it creates this conflict '-- students want to know how these two things can exist together,'' he says. ''So you have to resolve it, and that turns into a compelling story.''
Inoculating Republican leaders and Republican voters against the climate misinformation in their own party platform would surely take time, especially since so many are constantly exposed to new misinformation. But Cook is encouraged, both by his results and by his personal experience: When the right message is combined with the right messenger '-- one who shares the values of his or her audience '-- the facts have a fighting chance.
Michelle Nijhuis(@nijhuism) writes about science and the environment from Washington state.
Further reading:
Caliphate!
London Bridge killer slipped through the police's net | Daily Mail Online
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:09
The security services were facing difficult questions last night over how at least one of the London Bridge terrorists slipped through the intelligence net.
It emerged that the 27-year-old Muslim extremist appeared in a TV documentary last year about British jihadis '' and was involved in a filmed altercation with police after an Islamic State flag was unfurled in a park.
He was caught on camera alongside two notorious preachers who were well known to police and intelligence officials because of their extremist views.
Amid a series of revelations last night, it was claimed that a friend of the Watford-born suspect had reported him to the anti-terror hotline after he became radicalised by watching extremist videos on YouTube.
It was also alleged that police were warned about the suspect radicalising children in a local park two years ago.
And yesterday, a photographer captured a detective carrying secret notes which appeared to suggest a man embroiled in the investigation had been quizzed by police last year.
The suspect, who the Mail has chosen not to name at the request of police, is understood to be one of three men who embarked on a stabbing rampage in London on Saturday night.
Scroll down for video
It emerged that the 27-year-old Muslim extremist appeared in a TV documentary last year about British jihadis '' and was involved in a filmed altercation with police after an Islamic State flag was unfurled in a park
Three Jihadi terrorists have been shot dead by armed police after killing seven people and injuring at least 48 more during a horrific knife rampage in central London last night. This photo appears to show the suspects lying dead on the ground outside Wheatsheaf pub in Borough Market. The man in the centre of the image appears to be wearing an Arsenal football shirt
The terrorist, who MailOnline are not naming, appeared in this documentary which aired on Channel 4 last year focusing on jihadis in Britain
An Islamic flag being unfurled in the middle of a park in broad daylight during the filming of the Channel 4 documentary last year
A group of men on their knees facing the Islamic flag which was unfurled in the middle of a park as people walked around on a sunny day
Amid a series of revelations last night, it was claimed that a friend of the Watford-born suspect had reported him to the anti-terror hotline after he became radicalised by watching extremist videos on YouTube as a picture of the documentary is shown here
He was pictured, having been shot dead by police, lying on the ground in an Arsenal shirt.
The attackers, who were wearing fake suicide bomb vests, used a van to mow down pedestrians on London Bridge before running amok with knives in Borough Market, slitting the throats of innocent bystanders. One is reported to have yelled: 'This is for Allah.'
They left at least seven dead and 48 injured before police marksmen halted their stabbing spree.
Last night, chilling footage showed two of the attackers sauntering through a deserted Borough Market just moments after they abandoned the white van they used in the attack.
Yesterday, Theresa May declared that 'enough was enough' as she announced a four-point plan of action following the third devastating terror attack in Britain in just three months.
But the Prime Minister insisted that Thursday's general election would go ahead, despite terrorists trying to derail Britain's democracy. On another day of extraordinary developments:
Police revealed they had fired an 'unprecedented' 50 bullets to kill the three London Bridge terrorists because they believed the attackers were wearing suicide belts; A member of the public was accidentally shot by police officers in the crossfire but is expected to make a full recovery;As details of the first victims emerged, the authorities said 36 people remained in hospital, with 21 in a critical condition;The Prime Minister said there had been 'far too much tolerance' of the 'evil ideology' of Islamist extremism;She also declared war on the internet giants for providing a 'safe space' for Islamist terrorists bent on attacking Britain;However, it soon emerged that terrorist propaganda and guides to carrying out terror attacks were still freely available online;Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn tried to make political capital out of the tragedy, accusing the Mrs May of denying resources to the police and security services;But he U-turned on his previous opposition to the police shoot-to-kill policy and backed the PM's insistence that the general election must go ahead on Thursday;Amid enormous security, the One Love benefit concert got underway last night after a one-minute silence for the 22 victims who lost their lives in the bombing at the Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena two weeks ago.The Arsenal-shirted jihadi was caught on camera alongside two notorious preachers who were well known to police and intelligence officials because of their extremist views. A still from the documentary is seen here
A map shows how terror attack unfolded. The attackers were shot dead within eight minutes of the first emergency phone call
Yesterday police arrested 12 people in connection with the atrocities '' seven women and five men. The youngest was a 19-year-old woman and the eldest was a 60-year-old woman.
Among those detained were a number of people taken into custody at the suspect's home in Barking, east London '' where he lived with his wife, two young children and elderly mother.
Police also raided a mother and baby unit in Barking, blowing off the doors in the early hours and taking away a woman aged 38 and her daughter. The woman's partner, a Tunisian man from whom she is estranged, is believed to be among those being questioned.
In nearby East Ham, a suspect attempted to escape from police by climbing out of his first-floor bedroom window above a bookmaker's. It emerged yesterday that the Barking suspect had previously worked for London transport operator Transport for London (TfL) and a branch of fast food chain KFC.
A neighbour described how the man appeared to be 'euphoric' just hours before Saturday night's attack and was asking about how to hire a van. But once again, attention was focused on the intelligence failures that may have allowed him to slip the net. It follows similar questions over Salman Abedi, the Islamic extremist who killed 22 people in the suicide bombing at Manchester Arena.
Arsenal jihadi: The Mail knows the identity of the terrorist, but agreed not to name him at the request of the police
Scribbled handwritten comments that were being carried by a detective at the scene of yesterday's raids, revealed a person involved in the inquiry had been 'interrogated' by officers over his 'Islamist views'.
It was also reported by the BBC that a friend of one of the suspects had called an anti-terror hotline about him because of concerns that he had been radicalised.
Meanwhile a neighbour claimed that they warned police about the suspect radicalising children in a local park two years ago.
Erica Gasparri then went to the park, where she said a 'Pakistani man' had stated: 'I'm ready to do whatever I need to do in the name of Allah. I am ready in the name of Allah to do what needs to be done, including killing my own mother.'
She said she took four photographs of him and gave them to the police. She said that she then heard nothing.
It is understood that MI5 has to prioritise monitoring those jihadists who have known attack plans '' and that just because a person has been flagged up as an extremist and is known to the security services this does not mean they were known to be a risk.
Intelligence officers have identified 23,000 jihadist extremists living in Britain as potential terrorist attackers. Last week senior Whitehall sources pointed to the 'unprecedented' scale of the threat facing the security services. At any one time MI5 has around 500 live investigations, of which several are plots to attack in the UK.
Yesterday, Mrs May promised to review Britain's counter-terrorism strategy, with the prospect of enhanced powers for police and security services and tougher jail sentences for extremists.
Speaking outside 10 Downing Street, she promised to ensure that police and security services have 'all the powers they need' to tackle a 'more complex, more fragmented and more hidden' threat.
The Prime Minister also indicated that courts could be given powers to impose harsher punishments. She warned Britain is in the grip of a spate of copycat terror attacks, following the attack on Westminster in March and the bombing in Manchester last month.
Mrs May said that although there was no direct link between the three incidents, 'terrorism breeds terrorism'.
But the Prime Minister reserved her harshest words for the social media giants she accused of failing to deprive the extremists of 'their safe space online'.
She is said to be furious at the availability of terror manuals on sites such as YouTube and Facebook, and the ease with which hate preachers can spread their poison on social media.
It emerged yesterday that the firms could face multimillion-pound fines if they continue to drag their feet over the issue. Last night chilling images emerged of the three terrorists involved in Saturday night's attacks. Striding calmly through empty streets, the three men were caught on camera as they hunted for more victims during their terrifying rampage.
The attackers, who were wearing fake suicide vests, were filmed sauntering through a deserted Borough Market just moments after they abandoned the white van used to mow down pedestrians on London Bridge.
Twenty-four hours after the atrocity, harrowing stories emerged of the brutality and callousness of the terrorists. Witnesses described how the maniacs slashed bystanders' throats and stabbed people in the face yelling: 'This is for Islam.'
An Italian witness described the moment armed police fired up to 50 shots in a 'matter of seconds' to kill the men. It also emerged that a pregnant woman was among the victims on the bridge and a quick-thinking cab driver tried to run over the killers but they dodged him.
An off-duty policeman grappled with them and was stabbed. The Scotland Yard officer, who plays rugby in his spare time, was in a critical condition in hospital last night. He is one of four police officers injured '' two seriously.
The killers were finally cut down as they sauntered past the Wheatsheaf pub next to the market. Met Police commissioner Cressida Dick praised the 'extraordinarily brave actions by officers on and off duty first on the scene' who 'ran towards the danger'.
The second policeman who was seriously injured is a British Transport Police officer who was one of the first to arrive on the scene. Armed with only a baton, he was stabbed in the face, head and leg when he tried to intervene.
It was also claimed last night that the terrorists may have hired the van they used only at the last minute. A neighbour of the main suspect said he discussed hiring a vehicle with him on Saturday afternoon '' hours before the atrocities.
The documentary was screened on Channel 4 last year and featured one of the three London Bridge murderers, who is not pictured here
Images of the vehicle appear to show it is a white Hertz hire van, which also has B&Q branding on it.
A spokesman for Hertz said: 'We are assisting the authorities and are unable to comment further at this stage due to the ongoing police investigation.'
A spokesman for B&Q referred all inquiries to the police.
The jihadi who appeared in the documentary tricked his neighbours into believing he was a nice guy by playing football with their children on the nearby green.
Secretly, he was harbouring a destructive hatred and frequently changing his appearance in preparation of unleashing a deadly attack on the capital city, we can reveal.
The killer lived in a block of flats in Barking and also played table tennis with youngsters.
A neighbour told MailOnline the man who was pictured in an Arsenal shirt lying dead on the street outside the Wheatsheaf pub in Borough Market near London Bridge was a father of at least two children.
The murderer managed to put on such a front with those close to him that local parents would even trust him to be alone with their children, which used to happen regularly.
ISIS tonight claimed responsibility for the attack, 24 hours after the three terrorists were shot dead, saying the three men were a 'squadron of fighters from the Islamic State'.
The Barking jihadi was described as 'a nice guy' by a neighbour who saw him hold a door open for an old lady two days before slaughtering innocent members of the public in the third Islamic terror attack in just over 10 weeks in the UK.
A white van used in the attack on London Bridge is seen hoist on top of a flat-bed truck as police work on London Bridge in London on June 4, 2017, as part of their investigations following the terror attack on the bridge and at the nearby Borough Market on June 3
The van that was used by the killer jihadis last night on London Bridge before they got out and started randomly stabbing victims
Forensics investigators work as a white van is carried away from London Bridge, after attackers rammed a hired van into pedestrians on London Bridge and stabbed others nearby killing and injuring people, in London
A white van is carried away from London Bridge, after attackers rammed a hired van into pedestrians on London Bridge and stabbed others nearby killing and injuring people
The trio began their killing spree just after 10pm when they ploughed into pedestrians in a white van on London Bridge
One neighbour told MailOnline said: 'Once I helped him when his car broke down and he came round the next day with some food for me.
'Then, two days before the attack, I saw him holding the door to his flat's open for an old lady. He was a nice guy.
'He was always smiling. But he always went to his own mosque so I never prayed with him.'
A man who lived above the London Bridge terrorist for three years said: 'He always changed his facial appearance. He did that a lot. He always looked different.
'He lived there with his wife, who has just had a baby girl, and his mum. He also had another child. He would regularly play table tennis in the games room with everyone, you would never have suspected this.
'A man I recognised as his brother came here in the morning while police raided the flat and he was crying. That's when I thought "oh my, it's really him".'
Another Barking resident knew the killer in the Arsenal shirt who was shot dead in the street.
He said: 'He used to play table tennis and he was really generous with everyone's kids. People would leave their kids to play with him.
'You'd never expect anything like this from him.'
While carrying out their barbaric attack, the three men were heard shouting, 'This is for Allah,' which surprised one resident.
He told MailOnline: 'One time he stopped and help me get my car re-started.
'He said he wanted to help a fellow Muslim out. I thought it was odd he said he was religious because I never saw him at mosque.
'These people are usually radicalised in their bedrooms.'
Armed officers remained at the scene today as police launched a major investigation into the the third terror attack on British soil in as many months
The rented van used by the attackers pictured at the scene today, where it was abandoned shortly after 10pm last night
Twelve people were arrested in connection with the terror attack in a police raid on a flat in Barking, east London, today
Forensic officers were seen circling blood splatter and bagging pieces of evidence as they scoured London Bridge today
He was caught on camera striding calmly through empty streets near London Bridge as he hunted for more victims during his and his accomplice's terrifying rampage last night.
The attackers, who were wearing fake suicide vests, were filmed sauntering through a deserted Borough Market just moments after they abandoned the white van used to mow down pedestrians on London Bridge.
Shortly after the trio began stabbing revellers at random inside packed bars and pubs, with dozens of victims suffering wounds to their faces, necks and chests. The video was taken sometime during this second phase of the atrocity and shows the attackers coming within feet of the Market Porter pub, where dozens of revellers hid in fear.
Moments after the video was taken, all three suspects were shot dead by police - just eight minutes after the first emergency call was received.
It emerged Sunday night a member of the public was shot after being caught in the police crossfire.
A doctor from the Royal London Hospital, Malik Ramadhan, told The Guardian the member of public was a man who was shot in the head but that he is 'absolutely not dying' and is expected to make a full recovery.
Mark Rowley said: 'We're making significant progress in identifying the three attackers and confirming the fact there were no other suspects at the scene when the attack was carried out.
'Work is undergoing to understand more about them, about their connections and whether they were assisted and supported by anyone else. There is clearly more to do and we will work relentlessly to get to the facts.
'We established that the van used in the attack was a white Renault van that was recently hired by one of the attackers.
Devastating: Harrowing images and videos have emerged showing bystanders rushing to save the lives of injured pedestrians on London Bridge
Last night seven people were killed in brutal terror attack on London Bridge. Pictured above, the devastating scene as bystanders and emergency workers tried to save the injured
A City of London police officer bows in respect as a coroner's vehicle is driven away from London Bridge this morning
Armed police officers walk a detection dog through the streets around Borough Market as the investigation gets underway
Forensic officers today searched London Bridge for clues as they tried to piece together what happened last night
Forensics officers were seen carrying tools and bags of evidence away from London Bridge this morning
Medical supplies and debris were strewn across a street near Borough Market, where dozens of victims were stabbed
Several men were pictured laying on the floor in handcuffs outside the block of flats in a raid which is believed to be in connection with the London Bridge attack
The bloody aftermath of the London Bridge attack has been laid bare in video footage from inside The Globe pub which shows a wounded man being treated
WHAT WE KNOW AFTER THE LONDON BRIDGE ATTACK Thirty-six people remain in hospital, including 21 in critical condition, following the attack last night A bystander was shot in the head after they were caught in the police crossfire and the incident is being investigated by the Independent Police Complaints Commission, the Metropolitan Police revealed today Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau confirmed a Canadian national is among the dead but no name has been released France's Foreign Minister has confirmed that a French man was killed in the attack. Seven people from France were injured, four critically. One is still missing Australian waitress Candice Hedge is recovering in hospital after one of the terrorists ran up and cut her neck as she enjoyed a post-work drink at a bar New Zealander Oliver Dowling, 32, is in a coma after being stabbed in the face during the attack. His girlfriend, Maire Bondeville, was also injured although her condition is still unknown A British Transport Police officer was stabbed in the face and an off-duty Metropolitan Police officer was also injured Twelve people were arrested and four women taken into police custody during an early morning raid at a tower block in Barking, east London, where one of the attackers is believed to have lived Desperate families are begging for information on loved ones feared missing after the attack, including a 16-year-old girl who failed to return home last night
Police and members of the emergency services muster on Borough High Street in the clean up after the attack
The Prime Minister chaired a meeting of the Government's emergency Cobra committee in Whitehall this morning and insisted in a press conference outside No 10 afterwards: 'Enough is enough' Theresa May said the attacks were not directly connected to the Manchester bombing last month and the Westminster attack in April but that all three are linked by the single evil ideology of Islamist extremism'. Politicians faced calls to cancel the election next week but Mrs May confirmed it will go ahead as planned All parties except for Ukip agreed to suspend national election campaigning today but local efforts will continue London Mayor Sadiq Khan condemned the 'barbaric' and 'horrific' event as 'deliberate and cowardly' Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said the attack was 'brutal' and 'shocking' in a tweet last night President Donald Trump took to Twitter to criticise Sadiq Khan after the London Mayor told residents of his city that there is 'no reason to be alarmed' in the wake of the attack Ariana Grande, whose young fans were targeted in the attack at Manchester Arena, confirmed the benefit concert to benefit victims will go ahead tonight as planned with her manager urging people to stand together A minute's silence will be held on Tuesday 6 June in remembrance of those who lost their lives
'The van mounted the pavement and collided with pedestrians before being abandoned where attackers were armed with knives, continued into the Borough Market area, stabbing numerous people. The attackers were then confronted by the firearms officers and I can confirm eight police firearms officers discharged their weapons.
'While this will be subject to an investigation by the IPCC, our initial assessment is in the region of 50 rounds, 50 bullets were fired by those eight officers. The three attackers were shot dead.
'The situation these officers were confronted with was critical - a matter of life and death - three armed men wearing what appeared to be suicide belts. They had already attacked and killed members of the public and had to be stopped immediately.
'Indeed I'm not surprised with what they must have feared were three suicide bombers the firearms officers fired an unprecedented number of rounds to be completely confident they had neutralised the threat that those men posed.'
Sorry we are not currently accepting comments on this article.
UK Authorities Identify Two of Three London Terrorists '' Ask Public For Help'...
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:37
British law enforcement named two of the three men involved in the latest London terrorist attack and appealed for the public's help to learn more about their movements in the days leading up to the deadly jihad that killed seven people with dozens wounded.
Khuram Shazad Butt (pictured furthest left) was a 27-year-old Pakistani-born Briton known to authorities, according to a statement issued by London police.
Rachid Redouane, (pictured on right) who had claimed to be Moroccan and Libyan, variously given his age as 30 or 25 and also used Elkhdar as a surname, was unknown until the night the two were shot dead along with a third attacker who has not been identified, police said.
Ten others who were arrested in the east London neighborhood of Barking where the two named suspects had lived remained in custody.
The Mayor of London, a devout Islamapologist, also gave a speech today, video below:
.
.
Advertisements
London Bridge attacker working on the Underground | Daily Mail Online
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:31
This is Kharum Butt working freely on the London Underground - despite having starred in The Jihadi Next Door documentary.
The maniac knifeman worked at Westminster Tube station and had privileged access to tunnels under the Houses of Parliament.
The 27-year-old, who hid his fanaticism from colleagues, also worked at Canada Water station in the Docklands.
Incredibly, Butt was eventually sacked for poor attendance - not for being an Islamist fanatic, it was claimed last night.
Posing in an orange hi-viz jacket and blue uniform, Butt could be any one of thousands of London Underground staff who help keep the public safe
Khuram Butt, pictured, who was one of three terrorists shot dead by police after launching a deadly attack on London Bridge
This photograph was taken in May 2016 at West Kensington station during his training period. Posing in an orange hi-viz jacket and blue uniform, he could be any one of thousands of London Underground staff who help keep the public safe.
Yet the year previously he had featured in Channel 4's shock documentary about British jihadis.
Last night a former colleague told the Mail: 'He went to Westminster, then Canada Water, then didn't pass his probation period.
'It was well known that he had appeared in this extremist documentary - but he was asked to leave London Underground not because of that, but due to poor attendance.
'We are now asking ourselves if he was planning something on the job? The intel he will have picked up about Parliament, and the movements of MPs travelling through the station, would potentially be of great value. Maybe he was planning some sort of spectacular there.'
Two of the three terrorists - Khuram Butt (left) and Rachid Redouane (right) - who massacred seven people in a rampage which started on London Bridge on Saturday night
Khuram Butt, 27, a married father of two, appeared on the Channel 4 documentary The Jihadi Next Door (left) and wore an Arsenal shirt (right) during the attack on Saturday
The source claimed Butt's other duties including working as part of a Station Response Team staffing special events such as the football at Wembley Stadium.
They added: 'He was a very quiet and unassuming guy. I spoke to him at length about life and his beliefs. He was definitely religiously observant, but seemingly no more than anyone else.'
Another former colleague claimed Butt passed vetting procedures to work at Westminster despite the video. 'All you have to do is to pay £20 for a local police station to give you a piece of paper saying they have given you the all clear. I doubt it goes anywhere near MI5.'
Transport for London said Butt had worked there from May to October last year.
Last night a spokesman for TfL declined to comment
Butt and his fellow murderers were shot dead inside Borough Market and wore fake suicide vests as they ran down people with a white van and then stabbed and slashed at people
Paris's Notre-Dame: Attacker shot outside cathedral - BBC News
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:26
Image copyright Reuters Image caption The area around the cathedral has been cordoned off A man has been shot by police outside the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris after he attacked an officer with a hammer, French police say.
The suspect was wounded in the chest while the officer has minor injuries, media report. Officials say this is a "terrorist incident".
Tourists fled for cover as the attack occurred. Hundreds of people were at the cathedral at the time.
France is in a state of emergency since attacks by jihadists in Paris in 2015.
On Tuesday afternoon, the suspect was shot by an officer after he attacked another policeman, media reports say. Anti-terrorist prosecutors have opened an investigation.
Paris police said on Twitter that the situation was "under control".
Image copyright AFP Image caption Police have closed some streets and have asked people to stay away from the area The area around the cathedral has been sealed off.
"I was about to come inside [the cathedral] and heard the noise, the gunshots, turned around and saw the assailant on the ground where they had shot him," said Kellyn Gorman, an American tourist.
"It was very safe, very quickly contained."
Notre-Dame is one of the most visited tourist sites in Paris. Last year, police foiled an attack near the site.
The incident comes just three days after militants used a van and knives in an attack in London which left seven dead.
20 Apr 2017 - A convicted criminal who was investigated for threatening to kill police opens fire at police on the Champs Elysees in Paris, killing one and wounding two. He is shot dead - and the assault is claimed by IS.3 Feb 2017 - A machete-wielding Egyptian man shouting "Allahu akbar" attacks French soldiers at Paris's Louvre Museum - he is shot and wounded.26 Jul 2016 - Two attackers slits the throat of a priest at his church in Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, in Normandy. They are shot dead by police.14 Jul 2016 - A huge lorry mows down a crowd of people on the Nice beachfront during Bastille Day celebrations, killing 86. IS claims the attack - by a Tunisian-born driver, later shot dead by police.13 Jun 2016 -A knife-wielding jihadist kills a police officer and his partner at their home in Magnanville, west of Paris. He declares allegiance to IS, and police later kill him.13 Nov 2015 - IS jihadists armed with bombs and assault rifles attack Paris, targeting the national stadium, cafes and Bataclan concert hall. The co-ordinated assault leaves 130 people dead, and more than 350 wounded.7-9 Jan 2015 - Two Islamist gunmen storm the Paris offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, killing 17 people. Another Islamist militant kills a policewoman the next day and takes hostages at a Jewish supermarket in Paris. Four hostages are killed before police shoot the gunman dead. The other two gunmen are cornered and killed by police in a siege. Are you in the Notre Dame area? Did you witness the events? You can share your experiences by emailing haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk .
If you are willing to speak further to a BBC journalist, please include a contact telephone number.
Email your pictures to yourpics@bbc.co.uk , upload them here, tweet them to @BBC_HaveYourSay or text 61124. If you are outside the UK, send them to the international number +44 7624 800 100 or WhatsApp us on +44 7525 900971.
Read our terms and conditions.
Third London Bridge Terrorist Identified '' Also Previously Known and Reported to British Intelligence'...
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:05
The third London Bridge terrorist was identified today as 22-year-old Youssef Zaghba, a Moroccan-Italian previously arrested on suspicion of trying to reach Syria, and previously announcing he was ''going to become a terrorist''.
It becomes more than a little ridiculous when the Jihadists tell law enforcement they intend to become terrorists, and yet'... nothing'... until'... dead people.
According to media reports he was the son of an Italian mother from Bologna and a Moroccan father who held passports from both countries.
(Via New York Post) ['...] At the time of the attack, Zaghba was working in a London restaurant and continued to have contacts with his mother in Italy, where he visited in 2016, the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera reported.
He was stopped in Bologna as he was about to board a plane for Turkey, with the apparent intention of joining ISIS jihadists fighting in Syria, Agence France-Presse reported, citing Italian media.
Despite finding ISIS propaganda videos on his cell phone, authorities failed to uncover enough evidence of links to terrorism to prosecute him and he was released.
Italian authorities tipped off Britain about his movements. They also notified British and Moroccan security services about his status as a potential militant, according to the reports. (link)
Yesterday the other two attackers were identified as Pakistan-born Khuram Butt (27), and Rachid Radouane (30), both residents of greater London.
(left to right) Khuram Shazad Butt, Rachid Redouane, Youssef ZaghbaThe UK Daily Mail has more:
British authorities were warned about one of the men behind the London Bridge attack '' a 22-year-old Italian-Moroccan '' who declared 'I am going to be a terrorist' as he tried to travel to Syria from Italy.
['...] In a further embarrassment for British authorities, Zaghba's identity was revealed in Italy before Scotland Yard confirmed it, similar to how details of the Manchester bombing were leaked in the US before they were released by police in the UK.
Scotland Yard described Zaghba as 'of east London', suggesting he has been in the capital for some time.
Reports in Italy say he was born in Morocco at a time when his parents lived in north Africa. It is understood his mother '' named in Italy as Valeria '' had converted to Islam at the time.
His parents are now said to have separated and his mother has moved back to the Bologna area, where Zaghba frequently visited her from Morocco. His father, Mohammed, is believed to remain in north Africa. (link)
Advertisements
Pipelines!
Saudi, UAE, Bahrain, Egypt cut ties with Qatar over terrorism | Gulfnews.com
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 19:09
Latest developments: What we know so farThe UAE has given Qatar's diplomatic mission in Abu Dhabi 48 hours to leave the country after what it said where ''Doha's several policies which destabilizes the security and stability of the region and manipulates commitments''.The UAE informed Qatari citizens they had 14 days to leave the UAE. Citizens from Qatar have also been banned from passing through the UAE.Emiratis are now banned from visiting or even passing by Qatar at all means.The Saudi state news agency SPA said Riyadh had closed its borders, severing land, sea and air contact with Qatar and largely isolating it. It cited officials as saying it was to "protect its national security from the dangers of terrorism and extremism".Etihad Airways said it would suspend all flights to and from Doha from 02:45 local time on TuesdayBahrain's state news agency said the country was cutting ties with Qatar because Doha was ''shaking the security and stability of Bahrain and meddling in its affairs''.Saudi Arabia said Qatari troops would be pulled from the ongoing Saudi-led coalition that is fighting Al Houthi militia in Yemen.7.50pmEnsure safety of Indians in Qatar: Kerala CM to ModiKerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan on Monday sought the Centre's intervention to ensure safety of 6.5 lakh Indians, including Keralites, residing in Qatar following recent developments in the Middle East, reports PTI.
In letters to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Vijayan said he was writing the letter in the context of the developing geo-political situation in the Middle East on Monday.
Vijayan also wanted the Indian Embassy in Doha to be "suitably empowered" to respond presciently to the concerns of the Indian community in the country.
7.15pmSaudi shuts Al Jazeera office Saudi Arabia on Monday shut the local office of Qatar's Al-Jazeera global news channel after the kingdom and other Gulf states severed ties with the emirate.
"The Ministry of Information closed the office of the Al-Jazeera channel and withdrew the licence it was granted," the official Saudi Press Agency reported.
5.50pmUAE, Saudi Arabia halt white sugar exports to Qatar LONDON/ABU DHABI: The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have stopped exports of white sugar to Qatar after the two states broke off relations with Doha, in the first sign that the diplomatic crisis is hitting food trade, trade sources said on Monday, reports Reuters.
Qatar is dependent on the UAE and Saudi Arabia for its white sugar imports, which are estimated at less than 100,000 tonnes annually.
5.30pmEgypt to ban flights to and from Qatar as of TuesdayEgypt will begin its ban on flights to and from Qatar on Tuesday at 6 am local time (0400 GMT), the Civil Aviation Ministry said on Monday following a severing of diplomatic ties announced earlier.
Egyptian airspace will also be closed off to all flights originating from Qatar, the ministry said in a statement "The ministry has issued a decision to halt all flights between Egypt and Qatar and to close off Egyptian airspace to Qatari aircrafts that seek to land or pass through," the ministry said.
4.40pmQataris still able to visit KSA for HajQatari pilgrims will be able to visit Saudi Arabia for Haj and Umrah despite the cut in diplomatic relations.
The Saudi Press Agency on Monday confirmed that Saudi Arabia is committed to providing all facilities and services to Qatari pilgrims.
Read full report
4.25pmEgypt gives Qatari amabassador 48 hours to leave
Egypt's foreign ministry sayid it has given the Qatari ambassador in Cairo 48 hours to leave the country and ordered its own envoy in Doha to return home, also within two days.
An earlier statement by the Egyptian ministry said Egypt was also suspending air and sea links to Qatar and, citing national security, closing its airspace to Qatari aircraft.
4.15pmMaldives severs ties with QatarCOLOMBO: The Maldives said on Monday it was severing diplomatic ties with Qatar, following a move by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, who accused the Gulf state of supporting terrorism, reports Reuters.
"The Maldives took the decision because of its firm opposition to activities that encourage terrorism and extremism," the government of the Indian Ocean archipelago nation said in a statement.
3.00Saudi Arabian Airlines latest to suspend all flights to QatarSaudi Arabian Airlines (Saudia) has suspended all flights to Qatar, it said on its official Twitter account on Monday, without providing further details.
Other airlines including Emirates, Etihad Airways and Air Arabia have also announced similar moves, while Qatar Airways has suspended flights to Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain cut their ties with Qatar on Monday.
2.46Saudi Arabia bans all Qatari planes from its airportsSaudi Arabia's General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) said on Monday it has banned all Qatari planes from landing in the kingdom's airports.
A statement from the aviation body said the decision was effective immediately and involves all the Qatari private and commercial airplanes which will be banned from crossing the Saudi airspace.
GACA also said all Saudi commercial and private air operators shall be banned from operating to Qatar.
1.01Qatar Airways suspends all flights to Saudi ArabiaQatar Airways said on its official website on Monday that it had suspended all flights to Saudi Arabia.
12:43Air Arabia suspends flights between Sharjah and DohaAir Arabia said on Monday it had suspended flights between Sharjah and Doha effective Tuesday until further notice.
The airline's last outbound flight from Sharjah to Doha will depart at 18:30 local time on Monday, while the last inbound flight from Doha to Sharjah will depart on Monday at 19:25 local time.
Passengers who hold existing reservations on Air Arabia flights to Doha after June 5 will be provided with the option of a full refund or booked to other destinations, it said.
The move came after Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain severed their ties with Qatar on Monday, accusing it of supporting terrorism.
12:32Emirate, Etihad and flydubai suspend Doha flights
Emirates airline to suspend all flights to Qatar beginning Tuesday until further notice; last flight from Dubai to Doha will depart at 2.30am on Tuesday.
10:47Decision will not affect fight against terrorism: USUS Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis meanwhile said they did not expect the decision to affect the fight against terrorism but urged the countries to address their differences. ''I do not expect that this will have any significant impact '... on the unified fight against terrorism in the region or globally,'' Tillerson told reporters in Sydney.
10:44UAE supports statements of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia on QatarAbu Dhabi (WAM): The United Arab Emirates has issued the following statement:
''The UAE affirms its complete commitment and support to the Gulf Cooperation Council and to the security and stability of the GCC States. Within this framework, and based on the insistence of the State of Qatar to continue to undermine the security and stability of the region and its failure to honour international commitments and agreements, it has been decided to take the following measures that are necessary for safeguarding the interests of the GCC States in general and those of the brotherly Qatari people in particular:
1-In support of the statements issued by the sisterly Kingdom of Bahrain and sisterly Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates severs all relations with the State of Qatar, including breaking off diplomatic relations, and gives Qatari diplomats 48 hours to leave the UAE.
2-Preventing Qatari nationals from entering the UAE or crossing its points of entry, giving Qatari residents and visitors in the UAE 14 days to leave the country for precautionary security reasons. The UAE nationals are likewise banned from traveling to or staying in Qatar or transiting through its territories.
3-Closure of UAE airspace and seaports for all Qataris in 24 hours and banning all Qatari means of transportation, coming to or leaving the UAE, from crossing, entering or leaving the UAE territories, and taking all legal measures in collaboration with friendly countries and international companies with regards to Qataris using the UAE airspace and territorial waters, from and to Qatar, for national security considerations.
The UAE is taking these decisive measures as a result of the Qatari authorities' failure to abide by the Riyadh Agreement on returning GCC diplomats to Doha and its Complementary Arrangement in 2014, and Qatar's continued support, funding and hosting of terror groups, primarily Islamic Brotherhood, and its sustained endeavours to promote the ideologies of Daesh and Al Qaeda across its direct and indirect media in addition to Qatar's violation of the statement issued at the US-Islamic Summit in Riyadh on May 21st, 2017 on countering terrorism in the region and considering Iran a state sponsor of terrorism. The UAE measures are taken as well based on Qatari authorities' hosting of terrorist elements and meddling in the affairs of other countries as well as their support of terror groups policies which are likely to push the region into a stage of unpredictable consequences.
While regretting the policies taken by the State of Qatar that sow seeds of sedition and discord among the region's countries, the UAE affirms its full respect and appreciation for the brotherly Qatari people on account of the profound historical, religious and fraternal ties and kin relations binding UAE and Qatari people."
10:16Qatar regrets decision made by Saudi, UAE, Bahrain and EgyptIn a statement issued by the Qatari foreign ministry, the country said it regretted the decision by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE and Bahrain to cut diplomatic relations, according to Qatar-based Al Jazeera TV. It also claimed that the decisions would ''not affect the normal lives of citizens and residents''.
10:01Four Arab states cut diplomatic ties with QatarDubai: Four Arab states have cut diplomatic ties with Qatar, accusing it of destabilising the region.
Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt all announced they would withdraw their diplomatic staff from Qatar, while Saudi Arabia also said Qatari troops would be pulled from the ongoing war in Yemen.
Qatar cannot ignore its GCC responsibilityThe UAE has given Qatar's diplomatic mission in Abu Dhabi 48 hours to leave the country after what it said where ''Doha's several policies which destabilizes the security and stability of the region and manipulates commitments''.
Rising Middle East tensions push up oil pricesThe UAE informed Qatari citizens they had 14 days to leave the UAE, while citizens from Qatar have also been banned from passing through the UAE. Emiratis are now banned from visiting or even passing by Qatar through all means.
All four states said they planned to cut air and sea traffic, while Saudi Arabia said it also would shut its land border with Qatar.
Deal with Qatar once and for all - analystsSaudi Arabia said it took the decision to cut diplomatic ties due to Qatar's "embrace of various terrorist and sectarian groups aimed at destabilizing the region" including the Muslim Brotherhood, Al Qaida, Daesh and groups supported by Iran in the kingdom's eastern province of Qatif.
Egypt's Foreign Ministry accused Qatar of taking an "antagonist approach" toward Egypt and said "all attempts to stop it from supporting terrorist groups failed."
Etihad Airways suspends flights to, from DohaBahrain blamed Qatar's ''media incitement, support for armed terrorist activities and funding linked to Iranian groups to carry out sabotage and spreading chaos in Bahrain'' for its decision.
Saudi, UAE, Bahrain, Egypt cut Qatar ties
08:22 PM Qataris still able to visit KSA for Haj
03:54 PM ALJ now sold Clare solar farm in Australia
01:50 PM UAE supports statements on Qatar
10:41 AM
Hacked Emails Expose US Working With UAE Against Iran and Qatar
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:49
(ANTIMEDIA)'-- The email account of one of Washington's most influential foreign operatives, Yousef Al-Otaiba, has been hacked. A number of those emails were sent to the Intercept, as well as the Huffington Post and the Daily Beast, the Interceptreports. The hacker has allegedly promised to release a trove of these emails publicly.
Otaiba is the United Arab Emirate's ambassador to the United States, and the Intercept confirms that the Hotmail account in question is the one he used for his business in Washington. The Huffington Post further confirmed that at least one of the emails is authentic, and a UAE spokesperson confirmed Otaiba account had been hacked. None of the eight individuals whose names were involved in the email exchanges '' and who were contacted by the Huffington Post for comment '' denied that the exchanges took place.
Otaiba is well-connected inside Washington. According to Politico, he is ''in almost constant phone and email contact'' with Jared Kushner, whom he met in June last year through a mutual friend (a billionaire real estate investor). The hacked emails also include communications with former Defense Secretary Robert Gates.
The Intercept reports:
''Otaiba's influence derives largely from his pocketbook,as the ambassador is well known for throwing lavish dinner parties,galas, and hosting powerful figures on extravagant trips. Several Christmases ago, he sent out iPads as gifts to journalists and other Washington power players'... There's no telling what kind of messages might reside in that inbox.''
According to the Intercept, the hackers used a .ru email address, immediately associating them with Russia. They referred to themselves as GlobalLeaks (which ties them to DCLeaks, a website that previously released Democratic emails). It has been speculated that DCLeaks was a front used by Russian intelligence.
Either the hackers are connected to Russia or someone wants to give the appearance that they are. However, according to the Huffington Post, the hackers said they sought to expose ''the UAE's efforts to manipulate the U.S. government, and denied any allegiance to Qatar or any other government.''
The emails provided to the Intercept showed a growing relationship between the UAE and a pro-Israel neoconservative think tank known as the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD). Technically, the UAE does not even formally recognize Israel as a country, yet the country has bonded with Israel over their mutual hatred for Iran.
On March 10th, 2017, FDD's CEO Mark Dubowitz wrote an email to both Otaiba and FDD Senior Counselor John Hannah '' a former deputy national security advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney '' with the subject line ''Target list of companies investing in Iran, UAE and Saudi Arabia.'' Dubowitz's attached memorandum also included a lengthy list of ''non-U.S. businesses with operations in Saudi Arabia or UAE that are looking to invest in Iran.'' The inference here was that those companies were identified so they could be forced ''to [make] a choice'' between investing in Iran or its rival counterparts.
Israel and the Gulf States have appeared to bond more and more over their distaste for Iran. The FDD is funded by pro-Israel billionaire Sheldon Adelson, an ally of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Adelson outright endorsed Donald Trump for president in an opinion piece for the Washington Post; this should tell you something about the types of circles Otaiba and the FDD are operating within.
As the Intercept notes:
''FDD has been involved in shaping Mideast policy debate during the Trump administration, so it is likely that the UAE views it as an important conduit to pressureTrump to adopt its more hawkish line on Iran.David Weinberg, a senior fellow at the organization, wasquotedlast monthas saying that the UAE is 'ecstatic' about the Trump administration's approach to the region.'' [emphasis added]
In an email exchange on August 16 of last year, an email from Hannah to Otaiba seemed to implicate their involvement in the momentary coup attempt in Turkey.
However, one of the more important aspects of the email exchange is the mounting distrust and opposition to Qatar, particularly because of their decision to host Hamas at an Emirati-owned hotel. In their eyes, Qatari-based news outlet Al-Jazeera is ''an instrument of regional instability.''
In order to understand the true depth of this anti-Qatari sentiment, one has to analyze the regional conflicts and the power struggle taking place since the Arab Spring. While Qatar shared common ground with the U.S. and the other Arab states in removing Libya's Muammar Gaddafi and efforts to oust Syria's Bashar al-Assad, Qatar actually supports different groups on the ground that are opposed to the U.S. backed forces, particularly in Libya. Qatar's support for the Muslim Brotherhood is seen as controversial, as many of these Arab states view the organization as a dangerous political enemy (though no one has seemed remotely concerned with the fact that Qatar also directly sponsors ISIS).
Most notable, however, was a recent report in the Qatari media that appeared to show Qatari ruler Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani give a speech that described his respect for Iran and his support for Hamas. Qatar claimed the report was actually the result of a hack, but the UAE and Saudi Arabia still believe the report to be genuine. As Reuters reported, this disagreement actually forced the respective countries to take their feud public.
The assault on Qatar can be seen throughout the email exchanges, including the ones involving Robert Gates. The night before Gates was scheduled to speak at a high-profile Washington Conference on Qatar (hosted by the FDD at the end of May this year), Otaiba wrote to him to say ''the subject of the conference has been a neglected issue in U.S. foreign policy despite all the trouble it's causing'...Coming from you, folks will listen carefully.'' Otaiba also wrote that ''MBZ [UAE Crown Prince Muhammed bin Zayed] sends his best from Abu Dhabi'...He says 'give them hell tomorrow.'''
The next day, Gates's speech was an all-out assault on Qatar, which told the country to choose sides, warning that if they didn't, they would '''...change the nature of the relationship.''
The email exchanges demonstrate a very significant stranglehold over current and former officials held by someone most Americans have probably never heard of. The fact that Robert Gates, a former CIA Director under Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush and secretary of defense under both George W. Bush and Barack Obama '-- a man who publicly admitted the depth of America's role in Afghanistan in the 1980s '-- can be swayed by Otaiba's emails is telling in and of itself.
In an almost scripted move, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Egypt just cut ties with Qatar on Sunday and urged ''all brotherly countries and companies to do the same.'' Clearly, Qatar is not following the U.S.-Saudi-dominated playbook and there are many powerful players behind the scenes who have orchestrated the denigration of Qatari relations with the U.S. and other major Arab states.
What is also telling is that two rivals, Israel and the UAE, are putting aside their obvious differences and working together through these influential alliances to oppose Iran. Trump's recent speech in Saudi Arabia was focused intensely on the alleged Iranian threat, something that has clearly excited the FDD and the people within Otaiba's circles.
For all we know, Trump's ramped up anti-Iranian rhetoric was done at the behest of these parties, who clearly maintain a strong degree of influence inside Washington.
Creative Commons / Anti-Media / Report a typo
"Forget Terrorism": The Real Reason Behind The Qatar Crisis Is Natural Gas | Zero Hedge
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:20
According to the official narrative, the reason for the latest Gulf crisis in which a coalition of Saudi-led states cut off diplomatic and economic ties with Qatar, is because - to everyone's "stunned amazement" - Qatar was funding terrorists, and after Trump's recent visit to Saudi Arabia in which he urged a crackdown on financial support of terrorism, and also following the FT's report that Qatar has directly provided $1 billion in funding to Iran and al-Qaeda spinoffs, Saudi Arabia finally had had enough of its "rogue" neighbor, which in recent years had made ideologically unacceptable overtures toward both Shia Iran and Russia.
However, as often happens, the official narrative is traditionally a convenient smokescreen from the real underlying tensions.
The real reason behind the diplomatic fallout may be far simpler, and once again has to do with a long-running and controversial topic, namely Qatar's regional natural gas dominance.
Recall that many have speculated (with evidence going back as far back as 2012) that one of the reasons for the long-running Syria proxy war was nothing more complex than competing gas pipelines, with Qatar eager to pass its own pipeline, connecting Europe to its vast natural gas deposits, however as that would put Gazprom's monopoly of European LNG supply in jeopardy, Russia had been firmly, and violently, against this strategy from the beginning and explains Putin's firm support of the Assad regime and the Kremlin's desire to prevent the replacement of the Syrian government with a puppet regime.
Now, in a separate analysis, Bloomberg also debunks the "official narrative" behind the Gulf crisis and suggests that Saudi Arabia's isolation of Qatar, "and the dispute's long past and likely lingering future are best explained by natural gas."
The reasons for nat gas as the source of discord are numerous and start in 1995 "when the tiny desert peninsula was about to make its first shipment of liquid natural gas from the world's largest reservoir. The offshore North Field, which provides virtually all of Qatar's gas, is shared with Iran, Saudi Arabia's hated rival."
The result to Qatar's finances was similar to the windfall that Saudi Arabia reaped from its vast crude oil wealth.
The wealth that followed turned Qatar into not just the world's richest nation, with an annual per-capita income of $130,000, but also the world's largest LNG exporter. The focus on gas set it apart from its oil producing neighbors in the Gulf Cooperation Council and allowed it to break from domination by Saudi Arabia, which in Monday's statement of complaint described Qataris as an ''extension of their brethren in the Kingdom'' as it cut off diplomatic relations and closed the border.
In short, over the past two decades, Qatar become the single biggest natural gas powerhouse in the region, with only Russia's Gazprom able to challenge Qatar's influence in LNG exports.
To be sure, Qatar has shown a remarkable ability to shift its ideological allegiance, with the FT reporting as recently as 2013, that initially Qatar was a staunch supporter, backer and financier of the Syrian rebels, tasked to topple the Assad regime, a process which could culminate with the creation of the much maligned trans-Syrian pipeline.
The tiny gas-rich state of Qatar has spent as much as $3bn over the past two years supporting the rebellion in Syria, far exceeding any other government, but is now being nudged aside by Saudi Arabia as the prime source of arms to rebels.
The cost of Qatar's intervention, its latest push to back an Arab revolt, amounts to a fraction of its international investment portfolio. But its financial support for the revolution that has turned into a vicious civil war dramatically overshadows western backing for the opposition.
As the years passed, Qatar grew to comprehend that Russia would not allow its pipeline to traverse Syria, and as a result it strategically pivoted in a pro-Russia direction, and as we showed yesterday, Qatar's sovereign wealth fund agreed last year to invest $2.7 billion in Russia's state-run Rosneft Oil, even as Qatar is host of the largest US military base in the region, US Central Command. This particular pivot may have also added to fears that Qatar was becoming a far more active supporter of a Russia-Iran-Syria axis in the region, its recent financial and ideological support of Iran notwithstanding.
As a result of the tiny nation's growing financial and political "independence", its neighbors grew increasingly frustrated and concerned: ''Qatar used to be a kind of Saudi vassal state, but it used the autonomy that its gas wealth created to carve out an independent role for itself,'' said Jim Krane, energy research fellow at Rice University's Baker Institute, quoted by Bloomberg.
Furthermore, Qatar's natural gas output has been "free from entanglement" - and political pressure - in the OPEC, the oil cartel that Saudi Arabia dominates.
''The rest of the region has been looking for an opportunity to clip Qatar's wings.''
And, as Bloomberg adds, "that opportunity came with U.S. President Donald Trump's recent visit to Saudi Arabia, when he called on ''all nations of conscience'' to isolate Iran. When Qatar disagreed publicly, in a statement the government later said was a product of hacking, the Saudi-led retribution followed."
To be sure, in a series of tweets, Trump himself doubled down on the "official narraitve", taking credit for Qatar's isolation (perhaps forgetting that a US base is housed in the small nation).
The cynics may be forgiven to assume that if Trump is tweeting that the reason for Qatar's isolation is "to end the horror of terrorism", even as the US just signed a $100+ billion arms deal with the single biggest supporter of terrorism in the world, Saudi Arabia, then indeed the Trump-endorsed "narrative" is to be dismissed outright.
Which again brings us back to nat gas, where Qatar rapidly emerged as the dominant, and lowest cost producer at a time when its neighbors started demanding the commodity on their own, giving the tiny state all the leverage. As Bloomberg adds "demand for natural gas to produce electricity and power industry has been growing in the Gulf states. They're having to resort to higher-cost LNG imports and exploring difficult domestic gas formations that are expensive to get out of the ground, according to the research. Qatar's gas has the lowest extraction costs in the world."
Of course, with financial wealth came the need to spread political infludence: "
Qatar gas wealth enabled it to develop foreign policies that came to irritate its neighbors. It backed the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Hamas in the Gaza Strip and armed factions opposed by the UAE or Saudi Arabia in Libya and Syria. Gas also paid for a global television network, Al Jazeera, which at various times has embarrassed or angered most Middle Eastern governments.
And, above all, "gas prompted Qatar to promote a regional policy of engagement with Shiite Iran to secure the source of its wealth."
And here the source of tension emerged: because as Steven Wright, Ph.D. Associate Professor at Qatar University told Bloomberg, ''you can question why Qatar has been unwilling to supply its neighboring countries, making them gas poor,'' said Wright, the academic, speaking by telephone from the Qatari capital Doha. ''There probably was an expectation that Qatar would sell gas to them at a discount price.''
It did not, and instead it took a step backward in 2005, when Qatar declared a moratorium on the further development of the North Field that could have provided more gas for local export, adding to the frustrations of its neighbors.
Qatar said it needed to test how the field was responding to its exploitation, denying that it was bending to sensitivities in Iran, which had been much slower to draw gas from its side of the shared field. That two-year moratorium was lifted in April, a decade late, after Iran for the first time caught up with Qatar's extraction rates.
As Qatar refused to yield, the resentment grew.
''People here are scratching their heads as to exactly what the Saudis expect Qatar to do,'' said Gerd Nonneman, professor of international relations and Gulf studies at Georgetown University's Doha campus. ''They seem to want Qatar to cave in completely, but it won't call the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization, because it isn't. And it isn't going to excommunicate Iran, because that would jeopardize a relationship that is just too fundamental to Qatar's economic development.''
* * *
Whether nat gas is the source of the Qatari isolation will depend on the next steps by both Saudi Arabia and Iran. Saudi Arabia, along with the United Arab Emirates and Egypt - are all highly reliant on Qatari gas via pipeline and LNG.
According to Reuters, traders startled by the development, have begun to plan for all eventualities, especially any upsets to piped gas supplies from Qatar to the UAE. The UAE consumes 1.8 billion cubic feet/day of Qatari gas via the Dolphin pipeline, and has LNG purchase agreements with its neighbor, leaving it doubly exposed to tit-for-tat measures, industry sources and traders said.
So far flows through Dolphin are unaffected but traders say even a partial shutdown would ripple through global gas markets by forcing the UAE to seek replacement LNG supply just as its domestic demand peaks.
With LNG markets in bearish mood and demand weak, the UAE could cope with Qatar suspending its two to three monthly LNG deliveries by calling on international markets, but Dolphin piped flows are too large to fully replace.
"A drop off in Dolphin deliveries would have a huge impact on LNG markets," one trader monitoring developments said.
And since it all boils down to who has the most leverage as this latest regional "balance of power" crisis unfolds, Qatar could simply take the Mutual Assured Destruction route, and halt all pipeline shipments to its neighbors crippling both theirs, and its own, economy in the process, to find just where the point of "max pain" is located.
"Al-Ahmed further claimed that Trump has signed off on a Saudi invasion of Qatar'..." ðŸ--
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:57
Kuwait urges Qatar to calm tensions with allies and refrain from escalating dispute.
SkyNews Arabia is reporting that Saudi Arabia has given Qatar a 24 hours ultimatum, starting tonight, to fulfill 10 conditions.
The list of demands from Saudi Arabia has been handed to Kuwait, which is currently mediating the tensions between Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
Zerohedge is reporting that among the key demands by Saudi Arabia is that Qatar end all ties Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas. Aside from this key demand, little additional information on the Ultimatum and more importantly what happens should Qatar not comply, has been provided to media.
Al Jazeera reports'...
Kuwait's Emir, Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah, arrived home after a short visit to Saudi Arabia on Tuesday during which he held talks with the Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz on ways to defuse an escalating crisis between Arab countries and Qatar.
No details were given on the talks.
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain cut diplomatic relations with Qatar on Monday in a coordinated move, accusing the peninsula of supporting ''terrorists'' and Iran.
In an interview on Monday with Al Jazeera, Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani said Kuwait's ruler, Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah, had asked Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Qatar's ruling emir, to hold off on giving a speech about the crisis late on Tuesday night.
''He received a call from the emir of Kuwait asking him to postpone it in order to give time to solve the crisis,'' Sheikh Mohammed said.
Speaking to Al Jazeera, analyst Giorgio Cafiero of Gulf State Analytics noted'...
''I think the Kuwaitis as well as Omanis'...fear the prospects of these tensions escalating in ways which could undermine the interest of all six members of the GCC.''
''There are many analysts who believe that a potential break-up of the GCC has to be considered right now.''
Cafiero added that if tension escalates, some have warned of a ''military confrontation''.
''If these countries fail to resolve their issues and such tensions reaches new heights, we have to be very open to the possibility of these six Arab countries no longer being able to unite under the banner of one council.''
Institute for Gulf Affairs Founder and Director Professor Ali al-Ahmed told Sputnik News'...
''I project the invasion of Qatar'... I have received reports of Saudi military movements near the Qatari border.''
''The Saudis: They are preparing.''
Al-Ahmed warned that a full-scale invasion of Qatar could occur much sooner than anyone anticipated.
''Check on the frequency of bombings in Yemen'...A key sign will be if there is a cessation or major reduction in the number of Saudi air strikes being conducted against the rebel forces in Yemen. That would indicate the Saudis are massing their forces for a sudden move against Qatar instead.''
Al-Ahmed further claimed that Trump has signed off on a Saudi invasion of Qatar'...''I have it on good authority that Trump has already told the Saudis he would have no objection.''
If the Saudis invaded Qatar, they would also be strongly supported by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, especially the Kingdom of Bahrain which hosts the US Fifth Fleet in the Persian Gulf, al-Ahmed stated'...
''The Saudis are very angry with the Qataris'... The Saudis won't ever let Yemen have its independence'... Bahrain hates Qatar.''
Al-Ahmed notes that Saudi Arabia's leaders are determined to make Qatar into a subservient satellite of Riyadh, much like the current government in Yemen'...
''The Saudis have two goals: First, to get Qatar into a subservient relationship that is comparable to slave labor. There are to be no half measures. Second, the Saudis are eyeing the massive Qatari reserves of cash. They want it.''
Syphilis
Another Reason For Brexodus? English Syphilis Cases Soar To Highest In 80 Years
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:10
It's not just bankers that are leaving the UK, broad-based Brexodus continues as EU citizens flee the apparently sinking-ship and now, courtesy of the latest report from Public Health England, they have another good reason to leave 'Ol Blighty - cases of syphilis have reached their highest level since 1949, new figures have shown.
After the Brexit referendum, more EU citizens are leaving Britain, while less Europeans are coming in. As the latest figures from the Office for National Statistics show, 2016 brought 84,000 less migrants, compared to the previous year. Statista's Fabian Moebus points out that the net migration of 248,000 people is the lowest number of yearly newcomers in over three years. Immigration from EU countries decreased by 43,000 people while emigration increased by 31,000, which makes Europeans the main factor behind the trend with a net change of minus 74,000.
You will find more statistics at Statista
And now might be an opportune time for 'young' Europeans to 'Brexodus' some more, as Sky News reports,in 2016, there were 5,920 diagnoses of syphilis - an increase of 12% from the previous year and almost double the 3,001 recorded in 2012.
Dr Michael Brady, medical director at sexual health charity the Terrence Higgins Trust, said:
"Today's figures show unacceptably high rates of STIs.
"We're facing huge challenges, such as the continued rise of syphilis and ongoing concerns around drug-resistant gonorrhoea, and we urgently need to address the nation's poor sexual health and rates of STIs in those most at risk."
He said that cuts in local authority public health budgets were having a "visible impact", including a 9% decrease in the number of chlamydia tests taken.
"It is also now essential that Public Health England, the Department of Health and local authorities ensure improved access to effective STI and HIV testing, treatment and prevention services.
"Otherwise, we cannot expect to address the ongoing sexual health crisis."
The impact of STIs remains greatest in heterosexuals aged 15 to 24, black ethnic minorities and gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men.
Ministry of Truthiness
British Media Caught On Video Staging Politically Correct Propaganda'...
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:42
Major Hat Tip to Mr.Pinko who discovers British Media actually staging a propaganda backdrop to broadcast to their national audience. This is the most extreme display of political correctness running amok.
The actual building of a Potemkin Village is rarely seen captured so clearly on video.In the video below you see British Media, together with CNNi correspondent Becky Anderson, with full support from British Law Enforcement, carefully staging a backdrop for media broadcast in the aftermath of the latest terrorist attack in London. The intent of the scripted propaganda is clearly to create a counter storyline and reduce backlash against the political policies of the British government. CNNi taking the lead creating a false narrative for domestic consumption by the UK media audience.
The production staff go above and beyond by carefully positioning a group of women and children they call ''Muslim Mothers'' complete with signs showing Muslim support for the UK electorate. Additionally, the staff place flowers and teddy bears at the feet of the women to create the best optics for the broadcast.
The broadcast journalist then begins introducing the ''discovery'' by describing what they ''found'' as a ''poignant scene'' etc. ''What we want to show you now viewers, is a wonderful scene. These are Muslim Mums'...''
You really must watch how the manufactured scene is described. A few of those who watched the entire creating of the media production begin to laugh in the background.
[ FYI, this is not the first time CNNi has been caught doing this. Journalist Amber Lyon admitted in 2012 that CNNi constructs stories for affiliated governments. ]
Additional Irony:
BREAKING: Metropolitan Police say 7 women have been arrested in connection with the London terror attack '' Sky News
'-- Breaking911 (@Breaking911) June 4, 2017
We must stop being politically correct and get down to the business of security for our people. If we don't get smart it will only get worse
'-- Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 4, 2017
Advertisements
Cable TV ''failing'' as a business, cable industry lobbyist says | Ars Technica
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 20:19
The cable TV business is in trouble'--in fact, it is "failing" as a business due to rising programming costs and consumers switching from traditional TV subscriptions to online video streaming, according to a cable lobbyist group.
"As a business, it is failing," said Matthew Polka, CEO of the American Cable Association (ACA). "It is very, very difficult for a cable operator in many cases to even break even on the cable side of the business, which is why broadband is so important, giving consumers more of a choice that we can't give them on cable [TV]."
Polka made his comments in an episode of C-SPAN Communicators that is airing this week, though it was recorded in April. Video is available here.
The ACA represents about 750 small and mid-sized cable operators who serve about seven million customers throughout the US. The ACA has also been one of the primary groups fighting broadband regulations, such as net neutrality and online privacy rules, and a now-dead set-top box proposal that would have helped cable TV subscribers watch the channels they subscribe to without a rented set-top box.
Cable ''isn't what it used to be''"The cable business isn't what it used to be because of the high costs," Polka said, pointing to the amount cable TV companies pay programmers for sports, broadcast programming via retransmission consent fees, and other programming.
When asked about cord cutting, Polka said, "it's the video issue of our time as consumers learn they have choice" from services like Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime.
"It gives consumers more choice, something that they've wanted for a long time, more control from the bundle of cable linear programming," Polka said. "Our members, however, I think are very aggressive in how they are trying to provide consumers that they serve with more choice through on-demand [channels], through availability of over-the-top services, making sure that their broadband plan is fast enough to support a consumer's video habits. So, yes, it's a thing that's happening today, cord cutting, cord shaving. But as an industry, our members are well primed to be able to serve their customers with their broadband service that allows them to consume the video they want."
Video is ''certainly our worst product''
That's one reason cable companies in the ACA see broadband as "their future," Polka said.
A cable company executive who appeared alongside Polka on the C-SPAN show echoed those comments.
Video is "certainly our worst product," said Tom Larsen, senior VP of government and public relations for cable company Mediacom. "It makes the least amount of money."
Larsen is also an ACA board member. Mediacom is the US' fifth biggest cable company, though its 832,000 video subscribers are a fraction of Comcast's 22.5 million. "We used to be the eighth biggest [cable company in the US], but because of all these mergers and acquisitions we keep moving up without doing anything," Larsen said.
The pay-TV market lost about 410,000 subscribers in Q1 2017, "the first time that the industry has ever had net subscriber losses in the first quarter of a year," Leichtman Research Group reported last month. The top pay-TV companies across the cable, satellite, and telco industries still account for 93.3 million video subscribers.
While broadband subscriptions are growing, video customers are leaving because of rising prices and online video competition, Larsen said. But historically, video has "always been a big revenue driver for us" and has "paid in a lot of ways for the network that is able today to deliver broadband. So we're not ready to abandon it yet."
High prices, low customer satisfactionBasic-cable TV prices have been rising faster than inflation for 20 years, according to Federal Communications Commission data. The fact that cable companies rarely compete against each other directly in cities and towns helps them keep prices high, and customers have begun filing lawsuits over "broadcast TV" and "regional sports" fees that push cable prices above the advertised rates.
Pay-TV and Internet service providers rank last among 43 industries tracked by the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI), suggesting widespread consumer dissatisfaction.
Even the biggest cable companies complain about programming costs. But Polka said it's "very fair" to say that, because of economies of scale, Comcast and Charter can deliver programming more cheaply than the small cable companies in the ACA. (Comcast also owns much of the programming it delivers over its cable TV system, such as NBC and various regional sports networks, and it charges other cable operators for the right to air that programming.)
Cord-cutting has also hurt programmers such as ESPN, which has lost millions of subscribers and is laying off many on-air personalities.
TV blackoutsThe ACA has complained repeatedly about broadcasters demanding higher retransmission consent fees from small cable companies than from big ones. TV channels are often blacked out when cable companies refuse to pay the broadcasters' price (even though they're available for free with an antenna). Last year, the Federal Communications Commission decided not to step up its oversight of contract disputes that sometimes take these channels off cable systems.
"What happens in the video marketplace is the big [cable companies] get the best prices and the programmers look to the littlest guys to make up the difference, so our price will disproportionately get higher," Larsen said. "So the markets we serve, which are traditionally small, rural markets, will pay more than an urban market. It's kind of a different digital divide. It's a pricing divide."
In negotiations, broadcasters "pretty much have the leverage because they can simply black out their stations," Larsen said.
Larsen and Polka both praised the FCC's new Republican leadership for taking a deregulatory approach to broadband. But Larsen said he doesn't expect the FCC to take any major action on TV blackouts. "I think, short of some major marketplace event, I don't see the new chairman doing anything about that issue," Larsen said.
The National Association of Broadcasters argues that cable companies "are simply attempting to avoid fairly compensating broadcasters, who produce the highest-rated content on television." The association says the government shouldn't intervene in contract disputes.
New photos emerge of Omran Daqneesh, the boy who became a symbol of Aleppo's suffering
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:24
Three-year-old Omran became a global icon last August after his home was bombed by Russian or Syrian regime forces in the final months of the siege of Aleppo.
In photographs published on social media on Monday he appears healthy and recovered and is sitting on his father's knee.
Omran's image was widely used to illustrate the brutality of the Assad regime as it tried to crush the opposition in Aleppo, Syria's largest city.
But his family, like many others in rebel-held east Aleppo, are reported to have remained loyal to the regime throughout the siege.
They refused all media interviews and reportedly went into regime-held west Aleppo when they had a chance.
The family was interviewed this week by several pro-regime Syrian and Lebanese television channels. In a clip from one interview, Omran's father said rebel groups and the international media wanted to use his son to attack the Syrian regime.
"They wanted to trade in his blood and published his photos," he said. He said his shaved his son's head to try to disguise him and shield him from media attention.
It is possible the family felt forced to take part in the interview for their own safety.
Omran's older brother Ali, aged ten, was killed in the same strike that injured Omran.
Kinana Allouche, a pro-regime journalist, posted photographs of herself interviewing Omran and his family. "The child Omran, those who tried to shed Syrian blood mislead the news that he was hit by the Syrian Arab Army," she wrote. "Here he now lives in the Syrian state with its army, its leader and its people."
M s Allouche drew internet attention last year after she posted a smiling selfie of herself standing in front of dead rebels.
The siege of Aleppo ended in December last year, when a deal was reached to allow residents and fighters from east Aleppo to leave their homes and go into the countryside.
Shut Up Slave!
After London attack, Facebook says aims to be 'hostile environment' for terrorists
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 04:04
FILE PHOTO: A man poses with a magnifier in front of a Facebook logo on display December 16, 2015. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo
LONDON Facebook said it wanted to make its social media platform a "hostile environment" for terrorists in a statement issued after attackers killed seven people in London and prompted Prime Minister Theresa May to demand action from internet firms.
Three attackers rammed a hired van into pedestrians on London Bridge and stabbed others nearby on Saturday night in Britain's third major militant attack in recent months.
May responded to the attack by calling for an overhaul of the strategy used to combat extremism, including a demand for greater international regulation of the internet, saying big internet companies were partly responsible for providing extreme ideology the space to develop.
Facebook on Sunday said it condemned the London attacks.
"We want Facebook to be a hostile environment for terrorists," said Simon Milner, Director of Policy at Facebook in an emailed statement.
"Using a combination of technology and human review, we work aggressively to remove terrorist content from our platform as soon as we become aware of it '-- and if we become aware of an emergency involving imminent harm to someone's safety, we notify law enforcement."
May has previously put pressure on internet firms to take more responsibility for content posted on their services. Last month she pledged, if she wins an upcoming election, to create the power to make firms pay towards the cost of policing the internet with an industry-wide levy.
Twitter also said it was working to tackle the spread of militant propaganda on its website.
"Terrorist content has no place on Twitter," Nick Pickles, UK head of public policy at Twitter, said in a statement, adding that in the second half of 2016 it had suspended nearly 400,000 accounts.
"We continue to expand the use of technology as part of a systematic approach to removing this type of content."
(Reporting by William James in London and Dion Rabouin; Editing by Alistair Smout and Ralph Boulton)
Next In Technology News Bitcoin exchange Coinbase seeks new funds at $1 billion valuation: Wall Street JournalBitcoin exchange Coinbase Inc is in talks with potential investors on a new round of funding at a valuation of more than $1 billion, the Wall Street Journal reported on Friday.
Wal-Mart reassures employees as it touts tech investmentsFAYETTEVILLE, Ark. Wal-Mart Stores Inc executives on Friday reassured workers they remained integral to the company's success as they highlighted investments in online sales and other technology to compete with rivals like Amazon.com Inc .
Toyota-supported flying car hopes to light the Tokyo 2020 Olympic flameTOYOTA CITY, Japan Engineers, supported by Toyota Motor Corp , demonstrated their flying car on Saturday, which they hope will be able to light up the Olympic flame for the opening ceremony of the Tokyo 2020 Summer Games.
UK police arrest man via automatic face-recognition tech | Ars Technica
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:18
Automatic facial recognition (AFR) technology has been used to arrest a man, the South Wales Police told Ars.While AFR tech has been trialled by a number of UK police forces, this appears to be the first time it has led to an arrest.
South Wales Police didn't provide details about the nature of the arrest, presumably because it's an ongoing case.
Back in April, it emerged that South Wales Police planned to scan the faces "of people at strategic locations in and around the city centre" ahead of the UEFA Champions League final, which was played at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on June 3.
On May 31, though, a man was arrested via AFR. "It was a local man and unconnected to the Champions League," a South Wales Police spokesperson told Ars. It's not clear whether this was due to the technology being tested ahead of the match.
We're told that there was a warrant for the man's arrest, but the spokesperson declined to provide any further details about the suspect. We know from the request for tender published by the South Wales Police, however, that the man's face was probably included in the force's "Niche Record Management system," which contains "500,000 custody images."
South Wales Police are using hardware and software provided by NEC, which has been working on real-time facial recognition tech for a few years now and has been the technology partner for other UK police trials. It isn't clear how the AFR tech is set up: whether all of the tech and the database of custody images are stored in the van, or if there's a central server that multiple vans (and eventually police cars and police body-worn cameras?) can connect to.South Wales Police have previously said that they are serious about deploying automatic facial recognition tech on a wide scale. "The world we live in is changing and with that comes a need to change the way we police. We are investing in ensuring our officers have the tools and technology needed to most effectively protect our communities. As technology evolves into the future, so too will the way our police force operates," said Assistant Chief Constable Richard Lewis.
In the same statement, the police force turns a little more towards pre-crime. South Wales Police and Crime Commissioner Alun Michael said: "Our approach to policing is very much centred upon early intervention and prompt, positive action; the introduction of facial recognition helps to support these aims by allowing us to identify vulnerability, challenge perpetrators, and reduce instances of offending within environments where the technology is deployed."Now read about a huge cop database that unlawfully hoards millions of innocent Brits' mugshots...
This post originated on Ars Technica UK
New airport scanners could end bans on laptops and liquids '' The Denver Post
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 12:31
Manufacturers of airport security equipment have a message for travelers who fear they will have to give up laptops and tablet computers on international flights: They have a solution.
At least four of the largest companies making screening devices say they are developing scanners so much better at detecting explosives than existing X-ray machines that passengers could leave laptops, other electronics and even liquids in their bags, vastly simplifying airport security.
''It's a no brainer,'' said Joseph Paresi, chief executive officer of Integrated Defense & Security Solutions Inc., which has developed one of the new scanning machines that has passed initial U.S. government testing. ''It's not if. It's when it's going to happen.''
But the speed with which U.S., European and other security agencies can put them into widespread use remains an open question. After being burned by attempts to roll out new screening equipment in the past '-- such as having to warehouse hundreds of so-called puffer machines designed to detect explosives because they didn't perform well in real-world conditions a decade ago '-- the Transportation Security Administration has instituted multiple layers of performance tests.
And Congress hasn't appropriated funds for large purchases of the machines. Adding the devices, which list for several hundred thousand dollars each, at thousands of airport security lines in just the U.S. could cost $1 billion or more.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March banned electronic devices larger than a mobile phone from airliner cabins on flights from 10 Middle East and North Africa airports to the U.S., citing concerns that terrorists had created ways to conceal explosives in them. Since then, the agency has been considering expanding the ban to Europe '-- over the objections of the European Commission and air carriers.
At the same time, TSA is conducting tests of closer screening procedures for electronics at 10 U.S. airports with an eye toward expanding them nationwide.
Groups representing airlines and airports say they are hopeful that new technology could ease the need for the new security measures.
''The ban on large personal electronic devices in the cabin has certainly highlighted the importance of governments stepping up their support for more capable checkpoint screening technology to respond to emerging threats,'' Perry Flint, spokesman for the International Air Transport Association trade group, said in an interview. IATA represents 265 airlines around the world.
There is optimism over the ability of these machines '-- which borrow computed tomography or CT scan technology from the medical world to create a high-definition, three-dimension view inside a bag '-- to address the new threats.
The TSA has tested two of the devices and plans to place one of each in airports later this year to study how they operate in the trying environment of airport security lanes. The devices are built by IDSS and L3 Technologies Inc.
''CT technology has the potential to significantly improve security as well as the checkpoint experience for travelers,'' TSA spokesman Michael England said in an emailed statement. ''However, while this technology has shown promise, more testing is needed before it can be rolled out nationwide.''
The current X-ray machines at airports shoot two views of a bag or bin, providing TSA screeners a color view of the interior. While superior to earlier generations of X-ray machines, they have their limitations. In tests by government agents, screeners frequently miss weapons and simulated bombs.
CT machines provide a far more detailed picture of a bag's contents. A spinning X-ray camera can capture more than 1,000 images of a piece of luggage from different angles, allowing a computer to create a high-definition, three-dimensional view. By calculating the densities of material, even small amounts of explosives can be automatically detected.
The same CT technology is used in machines installed at airports after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks to detect explosives in checked bags.
In promotional material, L3's Security & Detection Systems division said its CT checkpoint scanner could streamline airport screening. The device has a lower false-alarm rate than current X-ray systems, which decreases the need for time-consuming, hand searches of bags, the company said.
Because passengers could leave laptops and other devices in bags, it reduces the number of bins that must be scanned, which also improves efficiency, according to the company.
Smiths Detection Inc., the Smiths Group division that makes security screening devices, is making a CT scanner that it will submit to TSA for testing, company President Dan Gelston said in an emailed statement. The company uses CT technology in its checked-bag screening machines.
Analogic Corp., a Massachusetts-based company making medical and security equipment, has also developed a CT scanner for airports, according to the company's website.
While there may be logistical issues installing the new machines, which are heavier than traditional X-ray devices and require more power, airports would welcome an upgrade, said Christopher Bidwell, vice president of security at Airports Council International-North America.
''Computed tomography systems have real potential and should be tested,'' he said.
Paresi, who founded IDSS to make this new generation of airport scanners and talks with a preacher's fervor about their potential, acknowledges that many technical and political hurdles remain before they become commonplace at airports. But he believes an expanding ban of laptops and tablet readers in airline cabins could be a catalyst to speed adoption.
''If you have technology to solve the problem, wouldn't it make sense to deploy that equipment?'' he said.
Ontario Makes Disapproval Of Kid's Gender Choice Child Abuse | The Daily Caller
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:19
Ontario passed a law Thursday that gives the government the right to take away children from families that don't accept their kid's chosen ''gender identity.''
Parents who oppose or criticize the LGBT agenda will be considered potential ''child abusers'' and may have their children taken away by the state, according to the new bill. If the parents are ruled to be abusers by failing to wholeheartedly support their child's gender choice, that child ''can be removed from that environment and placed into protection where the abuse stops.''
Bill 89, also known as ''The Supporting Children, Youth and Families Act of 2017,'' received Royal Assent and was passed in Ontario by a vote of 63 to 23.
The old law allowed parents to ''direct the child's education and religious upbringing'' but now says a parent must influence a child's education and upbringing ''in accordance with the child's or young person's creed, community identity and cultural identity.''
The Bill replaces this old law that governed child protection, foster care, and adoption services. It instructs all child services agencies and judges to look at a child's ''race, ancestry, place of origin, color, ethnic origin, citizenship, family diversity, disability, creed, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression'' when judging the fitness of the parents.
''I would consider that a form of abuse, when a child identifies one way and a caregiver is saying no, you need to do this differently,'' said Michael Coteau, the Bill's founder.
Ontario children and youth advocate Irwin Elman celebrated the bill, saying it signals a paradigm shift and creates a child-centered system of service that displays a strong ''commitment to anti-racism and children's rights.''
Jack Fonseca, a political strategist for Campaign Life Coalition, criticized the new law: ''With the passage of Bill 89, we've entered an era of totalitarian power by the state, such as never witnessed before in Canada's history'... Bill 89 is a grave threat to Christians and all people of faith who have children, or who hope to grow their family through adoption.''
Child services in Ontario, Canada received wide criticism in April when it removed two foster children from a Christian home because the parents refused to tell their girls that the Easter bunny was real, according to The Christian Post.
Pro-family advocates warn that Bill 89 allows the government to effectively ban couples who disagree with the LBGTQ agenda from fostering or adopting children.
''Liberals have for years been pursuing their anti-parent and anti-family agenda and Bill 89 is the latest installment, '' said Tanya Granic Allen, president of Parents As First Educators (PAFE).
Children's Aid agencies now have ''a type of police power to bust down your door, and seize your biological children if you are known to oppose LGBT ideology and the fraudulent theory of 'gender identity,''' said Fonseca.
''Similar tyranny [is] happening in other jurisdictions, such as Norway'' where the child protection services have seized children from traditionally-principled families, added Fonseca.
Follow Grace on Twitter.
Content created by The Daily Caller News Foundation is available without charge to any eligible news publisher that can provide a large audience. For licensing opportunities of our original content, please contact [email protected] .
Ontario new law allows govt to seize children if parents oppose their 'gender identity' '-- RT News
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 01:10
Legislation passed by the Canadian province of Ontario has granted authorities the right to take children away from parents who refuse to accept their children's ''gender identity.'' Critics of the new measure launched a petition aiming for a repeal of the ''totalitarian'' child abuse bill.
Out of Ontario's 86 legislators, 63 voted in favor of Bill 89 or ''The Supporting Children, Youth and Families Act of 2017'' on June 1.
The legislation replaces the Child and Family Services Act which used to govern child protection, foster care and adoption services in the province.
The new law includes ''gender identity'' and ''gender expression'' as factors to be considered by child protection services ''in the best interests of the child.''
Read more
It deprives parents of their earlier right to ''direct the child's education and religious upbringing.''
The family is now only allowed to ''direct the child or young person's education and upbringing, in accordance with the child's or young person's creed, community identity and cultural identity.''
The bill was introduced by Ontario's minister of child and family services, Michael Coteau, who said, ''I would consider that a form of abuse, when a child identifies one way and a caregiver is saying no, you need to do this differently.''
''If it's abuse, and if it's within the definition, a child can be removed from that environment and placed into protection where the abuse stops,'' Coteau said as cited by Life Site News.
Ontario children and youth advocate, Irwin Elman, hailed the newly adopted law, saying, it creates a ''child-centered system of service'' in Ontario with ''the commitment to anti-racism and children's rights.''
READ MORE: Transgender students 'shouldn't have to declare sex for uni sports teams,' says NUS
However, many criticized the new legislation, with Jack Fonseca, senior political strategist for Campaign Life Coalition, saying it signaled ''an era of totalitarian power for the state.''
On Monday, Life Site News launched an online petition calling on authorities to repeal the new law and which has so far garnered over 7,000 signatures. The petition argues that the new legislation only acknowledges the minors own ''creed'' or ''religion,'' which the appeal argues is a ''direct assault'' on Christian parents who reject LGBT ideology.
''Christian parents cannot be forbidden from adopting children and the liberal government has no right to seize our children over phony transgender ideology,'' the petition reads.
The president of Parents As First Educators (PAFE), told Life Site News that she was ''disappointed'... not surprised'' by the passing of the law. Tanya Granic-Allen said the ''liberals [in the Ontario government] have for years been pursuing their anti-parent and anti-family agenda and Bill 89 is the latest installment.''
First Amendment Group Threatens Legal Action Against Trump for Blocking People on Twitter
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 01:40
Columbia Law School's Knight First Amendment Institute is asking President Donald Trump to unblock people on Twitter '-- and threatening him with legal action if he doesn't comply.
Trump, like many other Twitter users, routinely blocks critics, trolls, and other ne'er-do-wells from following him on the social media platform. But, as president of the United States, Trump is not like any other Twitter users.
The Knight Institute decided to let Trump know in a letter written on behalf of individuals who have been blocked that he could be running afoul of the Constitution.
''We write on behalf of individuals who have been blocked from your most-followed Twitter account, @realDonaldTrump, because they disagreed with, criticized, or mocked you or your actions as president,'' the Knight Institute letter reads. ''This Twitter account operates as a 'designated public forum' for First Amendment purposes, and accordingly the viewpoint-based blocking of our clients is unconstitutional. We ask that you unblock them and any others who have been blocked for similar reasons.''
Several users are cited, including Holly O'Reilly, who goes by the Twitter handle @AynRandPaulRyan. She was blocked after the following Tweet:
The letter complains that the blocking violates the First Amendment because Trump's account ''constitutes a designated public forum,'' much like White House press briefings or a city council meeting.
Still, the letter wasn't all criticisms: The Knight Institute praised the president for his use of the social medium to communicate with the public.
''Your vigorous use of Twitter to comment about matters mundane as well as momentous has afforded Americans valuable insight into your policies, actions, and beliefs,'' the letter said. ''It has also supplied the public with a means of engaging you directly.''
The Knight Institute is just trying to make sure all American Twitter users have the chance to share their thoughts with the president.
Top photo: President Donald Trump heads to the Oval Office after speaking in the Rose Garden of the White House on June 1, 2017.
13 Alabama counties saw 85 percent drop in food stamp participation after work requirements restarted | AL.com
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:27
Thirteen previously exempted Alabama counties saw an 85 percent drop in food stamp participation after work requirements were put in place on Jan. 1, according to the Alabama Department of Human Resources.
The counties - Greene, Hale, Perry, Dallas, Lowndes, Wilcox, Monroe, Conecuh, Clarke, Washington, Choctaw, Sumter and Barbour - had been exempt from a change that limited able-bodied adults without dependents to three months of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits within a three-year time frame unless they were working or participating in an approved training program.
During the economic downturn of 2011-2013, several states - including Alabama - waived the SNAP work requirements in response to high unemployment. It was reinstituted for 54 counties on Jan. 1, 2016 and for the remaining 13 on Jan. 1, 2017. As of April 2017, the highest jobless rate among the 13 previously excluded counties was in Wilcox County, which reported a state-high unemployment rate of 11.7 percent, down more than 11 percentage points from the county's jobless rate for the same month of 2011.
Ending the exemption has dramatically cut the number of SNAP recipients in the counties.
As of Jan. 1, 2017, there were 13,663 able-bodied adults without dependents receiving food stamps statewide. That number dropped to 7,483 by May 1, 2017. Among the 13 counties, there were 5,538 adults ages 18-50 without dependents receiving food stamps as of Jan. 1, 2017. That number dropped to 831 - a decline of about 85 percent - by May 1, 2017.
"Based on the trend, the number of (able-bodied adults without dependents) recipients for SNAP benefits is expected to continue to decline statewide and in the formerly 13 exempted counties," according to Alabama DHR spokesperson John Hardy.
Statewide, the number of able-bodied adults receiving food stamps has fallen by almost 35,000 people since Jan. 1, 2016. Each recipient receives about $126 a month in benefits.
Nationwide, there are about 44 million people receiving SNAP benefits at a cost of about $71 billion. The Trump administration has vowed to cut the food stamp rolls over the next decade, including ensuring that able-bodied adults recipients are working.
With an EBT card, you can now get Amazon Prime for less - CNET
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 18:12
Amazon wants to attract more low-income people to Prime.
Amazon Amazon is keeping up its effort to attract more low-income customers to its Prime membership program.
The e-commerce giant said Tuesday it cut the price for a Prime subscription to $5.99 a month for people with an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card. These cards are used to disburse funds for food assistance and other government-aid programs. At that rate, Prime would cost $71.88 annually, a 27 percent reduction from the typical $99 Prime fee.
With the company already reaching just about every middle- and high-income Prime customer it can, the only big way Amazon can grow Prime in the US is to bring in more low-income households.
Once customers join Prime, they tend to spend twice as much on Amazon than non-Prime customers. Nearly 75 percent of households making over $112,000 annually have joined Prime, while less than 50 percent of households making $21,000 to $41,000 have, according to a study last year from Piper Jaffray.
Amazon has been trying to find ways to make its Prime fee a little easier to swallow so it can convince more customers to join. The company last year started letting people pay for Prime for $10.99 a month , though the total cost at the end of a year would actually be $131.88. (The least-expensive Prime membership is Prime Student for college students, at $49 annually.)
Amazon in April also introduced a new service called Amazon Cash , which lets people without credit or debit cards instantly add money to their Amazon accounts when visiting retail locations, including CVS pharmacies and Sheetz convenience stores.
This new strategy doubles as a way for Amazon to fight Walmart. The rival retailer has catered to lower-income customers for years and has been aggressively pushing into e-commerce, Amazon's home turf.
PUTIN!
Vladimir Putin Is Getting Interested in Bitcoin's Biggest Rival - Bloomberg
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:22
Ethereum, the world's largest cryptocurrency after bitcoin, has caught the attention of Vladimir Putin as a potential tool to help Russia diversify its economy beyond oil and gas.
Putin met Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin on the sidelines of the St. Petersburg Economic Forum last week and supported his plans to build contacts with local partners to implement blockchain technology in Russia, according to a statement on Kremlin's website.
''The digital economy isn't a separate industry, it's essentially the foundation for creating brand new business models,'' Putin said at the event, discussing means to boost growth long-term after Russia ended its worst recession in two decades.
Virtual currencies could help the economy by making transactions happen more quickly and safely online. Besides being a method of exchange, Ethereum can also serve as a ledger for everything from currency contracts to property rights, speeding up business by cutting out intermediaries such as public notaries.
Why Ethereum and Bitcoin are so popular lately.
Source: Bloomberg
Russia's central bank has already deployed an Ethereum-based blockchain as a pilot project to process online payments and verify customer data with lenders including Sberbank PJSC, Deputy Governor Olga Skorobogatova said at the St. Petersburg event. She didn't rule out using Ethereum technologies for the development of a national virtual currency for Russia down the road.
Last week, Russia's state development bank VEB agreed to start using Ethereum for some administrative functions. Steelmaker Severstal PJSC tested Ethereum's blockchain for secure transfer of international credit letters.
Exclusive insights on technology around the world.
Get Fully Charged, from Bloomberg Technology.
''Blockchain may have the same effect on businesses that the emergence on the internet once had -- it would change business models, and eliminate intermediaries such as escrow agents and clerks,'' said Vlad Martynov, an adviser for The Ethereum Foundation, a non-profit organization that backs the cryptocurrency. ''If Russia implements it first, it will gain similar advantages to those the Western countries did at the start of the internet age.''
For more on the Russian tech industry, check out the Decrypted podcast:
Leakers
Errata Security: How The Intercept Outed Reality Winner
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:32
Today, The Intercept released documents on election tampering from an NSA leaker. Later, the arrest warrant request for an NSA contractor named "Reality Winner" was published, showing how they tracked her down because she had printed out the documents and sent them to The Intercept. The document posted by the Intercept isn't the original PDF file, but a PDF containing the pictures of the printed version that was then later scanned in.The problem is that most new printers print nearly invisibly yellow dots that track down exactly when and where documents, any document, is printed. Because the NSA logs all printing jobs on its printers, it can use this to match up precisely who printed the document.
In this post, I show how.
You can download the document from the original article here. You can then open it in a PDF viewer, such as the normal "Preview" app on macOS. Zoom into some whitespace on the document, and take a screenshot of this. On macOS, hit [Command-Shift-3] to take a screenshot of a window. There are yellow dots in this image, but you can barely see them, especially if your screen is dirty.
We need to highlight the yellow dots. Open the screenshot in an image editor, such as the "Paintbrush" program built into macOS. Now use the option to "Invert Colors" in the image, to get something like this. You should see a roughly rectangular pattern checkerboard in the whitespace.It's upside down, so we need to rotate it 180 degrees, or flip-horizontal and flip-vertical:Now we go to the EFF page and manually click on the pattern so that their tool can decode the meaning:This produces the following result:The document leaked by the Intercept was from a printer with model number 54, serial number 29535218. The document was printed on May 9, 2017 at 6:20. The NSA almost certainly has a record of who used the printer at that time.The situation is similar to how Vice outed the location of John McAfee, by publishing JPEG photographs of him with the EXIF GPS coordinates still hidden in the file. Or it's how PDFs are often redacted by adding a black bar on top of image, leaving the underlying contents still in the file for people to read, such as in this NYTime accident with a Snowden document. These sorts of failures are common with leaks. To fix this yellow-dot problem, use a black-and-white printer, black-and-white scanner, or convert to black-and-white with an image editor.
Printers have two features put in there by the government to be evil to you. The first is that they recognize a barely visible pattern on currency, so that they can't be used to counterfeit money, as shown on this $20 below:
The second is that when they print things out, they includes these invisible dots, so documents can be tracked.
Yes, this code the government forces into our printers is a violation of our 3rd Amendment rights.
While I was writing up this post, these tweets appeared first:
'-- Quinn's internet ðŸ‘>> (@quinnnorton) June 6, 2017'-- Tim Bennett (@flashman) June 6, 2017
MoA - Do Not Trust The Intercept or How To Burn A Source
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 10:57
June 06, 2017
Do Not Trust The Intercept or How To Burn A SourceYesterday The Interceptpublished a leaked five page NSA analysis about alleged Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections. Its reporting outed the leaker of the NSA documents. That person, R.L. Winner, has now been arrested and is likely to be jailed for years if not for the rest of her life.
Intercepted source - R.L. Winner
FBI search (pdf) and arrest warrant (pdf) applications unveil irresponsible behavior by the Intercept's reporters and editors which neglected all operational security trade-craft that might have prevented the revealing of the source. It leaves one scratching one's head if this was intentional or just sheer incompetence. Either way - the incident confirms what skeptics had long determined: The Intercept is not a trustworthy outlet for leaking state secrets of public interests.
The Intercept was created to privatize the National Security Agency documents leaked by NSA contractor Edward Snowden. The documents proved that the NSA is hacking and copying nearly all electronic communication on this planet, that it was breaking laws that prohibited spying on U.S. citizen and that it sabotages on a large scale various kinds of commercial electronic equipment. Snowden gave copies of the NSA documents to a small number of journalists. One of them was Glenn Greenwald who now works at The Intercept. Only some 5% of the pages Snowden allegedly acquired and gave to reporters have been published. We have no idea what the unpublished pages would provide.
The Intercept, a subdivision of First Look Media, was founded by Pierre Omidyar, a major owner of the auctioning site eBay and its PayPal banking division. Omidyar is a billionaire and "philanthropist" who's (tax avoiding) Omidyar Network foundation is "investing" for "returns". Its microcredit project for farmers in India, in cooperation with people from the fascists RSS party, ended in an epidemic of suicides when the farmers were unable to pay back. The Omidyar Network also funded (fascist) regime change groups in Ukraine in cooperation with USAID. Omidyar had cozy relations with the Obama White House. Some of the held back NSA documents likely implicate Omidyar's PayPal.
The Intercept was funded with some $50 million from Omidyar. Its first hires were Greenwald, Jeremy Scahill and Laura Poitras - all involved in publishing the Snowden papers and other leaks. Its first piece was based on documents from the leaked NSA stack. It has since published on this or that but not in a regular media way. The Intercept pieces are usually heavily editorialized and tend to have a mainstream "liberal" to libertarian slant. Some were highly partisan anti-Syrian/pro-regime change propaganda. The website seems to have no regular publishing schedule at all. Between one and five piece per day get pushed out, only a few of them make public waves. Some of its later prominent hires (Ken Silverstein, Matt Taibbi) soon left and alleged that the place was run in a chaotic atmosphere and with improper and highly politicized editing. Despite its rich backing and allegedly high pay for its main journalists (Greenwald is said to receive between 250k and 1 million per year) the Intercept is begging for reader donations.
Yesterday's published story (with bylines of four(!) reporters) begins:
Russian military intelligence executed a cyberattack on at least one U.S. voting software supplier and sent spear-phishing emails to more than 100 local election officials just days before last November's presidential election, according to a highly classified intelligence report obtained by The Intercept.
The NSA "intelligence report" the Intercept publishes alongside the piece does NOT show that "Russian military intelligence executed a cyberattack". The document speaks of "cyber espionage operations" - i.e someone looked and maybe copied data but did not manipulate anything. Espionage via computer networks is something every nation in this world (and various private entities) do all the time. It is simply the collection of information. It is different from a "cyberattack" like Stuxnet which are intended to create large damage,
The "attack" by someone was standard spearfishing and some visual basic scripts to gain access to accounts of local election officials. Thee is no proof that any account was compromised. Any minor criminal hacker uses similar means. No damage is mentioned in the NSA analysis. The elections were not compromised by this operation. The document notes explicitly (p.5) that the operation used some techniques that distinguish it from other known Russian military intelligence operations. It was probably -if at all- done by someone else.
The reporters note that the document does not provide any raw intelligence. It is an analysis based on totally unknown material. It does not include any evidence for the claims it makes.The Intercept piece describes how the document was received and "verified":
The top-secret National Security Agency document, which was provided anonymously to The Intercept and independently authenticated, ...
...
The NSA and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence were both contacted for this article. Officials requested that we not publish or report on the top secret document and declined to comment on it. When informed that we intended to go ahead with this story, the NSA requested a number of redactions. The Intercept agreed to some of the redaction requests.
The piece quotes at length the well known cyber security expert Bruce Schneier. It neglects to reveal that Schneier is a major partisan for Clinton who very early on, in July 2016, jumped on her "Russia hacked the Democratic National Council" claim for which there is still no evidence whatsoever.
The Intercept story was published on June 5. On June 3 the FBI already received a search warrant (pdf) by the U.S. District court of southern Georgia for the home, car and computers of one Reality Leigh Winner, a 25 year old former military language specialist (Pashto, Dari, Farsi) who worked for a government contractor. In its application for the warrant the FBI asserted:
19. On or about May 24, 2017, a reporter for the News Outlet (the "Reporter") contacted another U.S. Government Agency affiliate with whom he has a prior relationship. This individual works for a contractor for the U.S. Government (the "Contractor"). The Reporter contacted the Contractor via text message and asked him to review certain documents. The Reporter told the Contractor that the Reporter had received the documents through the mail, and they were postmarked "Augusta. Georgia." WINNER resides in Augusta, Georgia. The Reporter believed that the documents were sent to him from someone working at the location where WINNER works. The Reporter took pictures of the documentsand sent them to the Contractor. The Reporter asked the Contractor to determine the veracity of the documents. The Contractor informed the Reporter that he thought that the documents were fake. Nonetheless, the Contractor contacted the U.S. Government Agency on or about June 1, 2017, to inform the U.S. Government Agency of his interaction with the Reporter. Also on June I. 2017, the Reporter texted the Contractor and said that a U.S Government Agency official had verified that the document was real. ...
To verify the leaked document the reporter contacted a person working for the government. He used insecure communication channels (SMS) that are known to be tapped. He provided additional meta-information about the leaker that was not necessary at all for the person asked to verify the documents.
It got worse:
13. On June I, 2017, the FBI was notified by the U.S. Government Agency that the U.S. Government Agency had been contacted by the News Outlet on May 30, 2017, regarding an upcoming story. The News Outlet informed the U.S Government Agency that it was in possession of what it believed to be a classified document authored by the U.S Government Agency. The News Outlet provided the U.S. Government Agency with a copy of this document. Subsequent analysis by the U.S. Government Agency confirmed that the document in the News Outlet's possession is intelligence reporting dated on or about May 5. 2017 (the "intelligence reporting"). This intelligence reporting is classified at the Top Secret level, ...
...
14. The U.S. Government Agency examined the document shared by the News Outlet and determined the pages of the intelligence reporting appeared to be folded and/or creased,suggesting they had been printed and hand-carried out of a secured space.
15. The U.S. Government Agency conducted an internal audit to determine who accessed the intelligence reporting since its publication. The U.S. Government Agency determined that six individuals printed this reporting. These six individuals included WINNER. A further audit of the six individuals' desk computers revealed that WINNER had e-mail contact with the News Outlet. The audit did not reveal that any of the other individuals had e-mail contact with the News Outlet.
The source that provided the document had no operational security at all. She printed the document on a government printer. All (color) printers and photo copiers print nearly invisible (yellow) patters on each page that allow to identify the printer used by its serial number. The source used email from her workplace to communicate. Ms. Winner is young, inexperienced and probably not very bright. (She is also said to be Clinton partisan.) She may not have known better.
But a reporter at The Intercept should know a bit or two about operational security. Sending (and publishing) the leaked documents as finely scanned PDF's (which include (de) the printer code) to the NSA to let the NSA verify them was incredibly stupid. Typically one only summarize these or at least converts them into a neutral, none traceable form. Instead the reporters provided at several points and without any need the evidence that led to the unmasking of their source. Wikileaks is offering $10,000 for the exposure and firing of the person responsible for this.
It is also highly questionable why the Intercept contacted the NSA seven days(!) before publishing its piece. Giving the government such a long reaction time may lead to preemptive selective leaks by the government to other news outlets to defuse the not yet published damaging one. It may give the government time to delete evidence or to unveil leakers. The Intercept certainly knows this. It had been burned by such behavior when the National Counterterrorism Center spoiled an Intercept scoop by giving a polished version to the Associate Press. Back then the Intercept editor John Cook promised to give government agencies no longer than 30 minutes for future replies. In this case it gave the NSA seven days!
Besides the failure(?) of The Intercept there are other concerns to note.
Why has a 25 year old language specialist for Afghanistan access to Top Secret NSA analysis of espionage in the U.S. election? Where was the "need to know"?Could this espionage -if it happened- have been part of a different plan by whomever? Consider:@mattblaze
Simple way to hack elections: Compromise some county offices & systems. Do nothing. If election doesn't go your way, reveal that you hacked.
10:52 PM - 5 Jun 2017
More additional question are asked in this thread.
The lessons learned from this catastrophic -for the source- leak:
Start thinking of good op-sec before you think of leaking.Computer access gets logged. Do not leave any suspicious (log) trace at your workplace (or anywhere else).Do not provide any trace from your immediate workplace or any personal metadata with the leaked material.And last but certainly not least:
Do not trust The Intercept.Posted by b on June 6, 2017 at 06:09 AM | Permalink
Wikileaks twitter account has good comment on it.
It is clear that The Intercept is a way to coopt hackers and leakers. She possibly would not have been arrested with Democrats in power.
The New York Times and the Intercept have a campaign to leak to US sources so that whistleblowing is not treason.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 6:40:53 AM | 2
I take it that there's not even the slightest or far reaching bit of evidence at all in the leaked documents that implicates Russia (or the US government) of any mischief.
So why even go out of your way to leak these supposedly worthless documents to the press in the first place? Who benefits?
Posted by: never mind | Jun 6, 2017 6:53:25 AM | 3
never mind
Deep state benefits - analysis(?) is leaked which show as you say no proof, but it keeps the anti-russia propaganda going for another month or so - just as the anti-trump deep state and media wants. Sigh.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 7:01:37 AM | 4
She looks like a dual citizen of the Rotscheild colony in Palestine.
Posted by: nobody | Jun 6, 2017 7:04:47 AM | 5
Thanks for this. Even before reading this account, I was inclined to think "fake news" because the Deep State is such a prolific and relentless generator of propaganda. And also, I think we're pretty much screwed regardless of who is in power. My only hope is that it all doesn't end up in mushroom-clouds.
Posted by: Mister Roboto | Jun 6, 2017 7:07:17 AM | 6
This sort of activity wouldn't have helped Russian intelligence, but it might have been useful to US intelligence. DHS already got caught red handed.
Posted by: Miller | Jun 6, 2017 7:10:45 AM | 7
It was obvious that The Intercept became a US Inteligence Industry pawn the minute it started to denounce Al Assad on 2016. It was to good to be true from the beginning. Snowden should say something about "his friends" Greenwald and Poitras !! As far as it is descrived in the above article, the R J Winner affaire could be just another Psy Op by the Langley People
Posted by: opereta | Jun 6, 2017 7:16:59 AM | 8
Its interesting how Assange and Wikileaks support this deep-state leaker. Why?
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 7:20:36 AM | 9
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 7:20:36 AM | 9
Because one person's freedom is everybody's freedom or in a quotation "Freedom
is always the freedom of the person that thinks differently from you".
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 7:40:07 AM | 10
I see many signs of a useful idiot.
Posted by: Anonyst | Jun 6, 2017 7:41:49 AM | 11
Posted by: nobody | Jun 6, 2017 7:04:47 AM | 5
And you sound like a Nazi.
Posted by: Anonyst | Jun 6, 2017 7:41:49 AM | 11
Naive, in other words. The intercept seems to have put an intern on the case.
They would not uncover her deliberately as they are practically out of business now.
The document she seems to have leaked just does not mean much.
There is still the possibility that she copied the document and somebody else posted it. Or/and that the Intercept got more stuff which they chose not to publish.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 7:49:09 AM | 12
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 7:20:36 AM | 9
Its interesting how Assange and Wikileaks support this deep-state leaker. Why?
Assange supports all leakers, regardless of what they leak or to whom. Any other stance would amount to shooting himself in the foot.
On another note, what is extraordinary is to see a Deep State leaker busted by the Deep State. How batty is that? I mean, she was only trying to help them against "big bad Russia", wasn't she? So?
Posted by: Lea | Jun 6, 2017 7:49:35 AM | 13
Yes the intercept gave them self away when Greenwald wrote a piece denouncing the Syrian government and the SAA back in 2015. He occasionally has sane and progressive expressions like when he speaks against the fascist state of Israel. He gave himself away again on the propaganda outlet Democracy now. He was eluding to the fact of Russian collusion with the recent POTUS elections and the Flyn fiasco. Here again he gave himself away. He is bought and paid for by the elite like most journo's in our deluded western countries.
P.S if any of you get a chance try to catch the interview on RT where German journo who is unfortunately dead states categorically that CIA and his bosses would instruct him on what to write and how to write it.
Posted by: falcemartello | Jun 6, 2017 7:51:05 AM | 14
although a fan of the intercept at first, i soured when they announced they were spying on their readership. never trust a billionaire. betrayal is the only route to billionaire status.
greenwald and poitras at the oscars turned my stomach. not a word about chelsea manning or any of the others ... greenwald and poitras were the 'stars'.
now, no matter this winner is a loser or no, they've betrayed another one of the people who've put them where they are. they're cannibals.
since i stopped reading the intercept i was unaware of their support for al-cia-duh and the jihadists in syria. that just stinks.
snowden cast his pearls before swine.
Posted by: jfl | Jun 6, 2017 7:52:10 AM | 15
Maybe someone at The Intercept thought this was an attempt by the NSA (not the "deep state, there isn't one") to burn them, so they toss the document back at the NSA to see what happens.
Why The Intercept? If you read most Clintonist blogs, you'll quickly realise that Greenwald is up there with Assange and Putin as satanic (Trumpist) agents, so an Internet-aware Clintonist sending documents to The Intercept or Wikileaks suggests some other purpose than simply leaking information adverse to Trump. Most Clintonists have jumped on this NSA "document" as further solid proof of Putin's culpability which just happened to be "leaked" at about the same time a favourable interview with Putin was being broadcast on the MSM.
If Reality Leigh Winner goes to trial and receives serious prison time, then The Intercept was wrong, but until then I'll think she's a Clintonist useful idiot.
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 7:55:51 AM | 16
somebody / Lea
Actually Wikileaks/Assange have no idea if this info is even true.
Who leaks this? Well obviously the same propagandists we heard past 6 months that want the world to think Russia and Trump won the election/the pathetic accusation that Russia somehow ruled the election to Trump. As far as we know the leaks could not only lack evidence but it could also be pure fake.
So no, I dont see why Wikileaks and Assange would support this. But thats me.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:00:37 AM | 17
Posted by: falcemartello | Jun 6, 2017 7:51:05 AM | 14
That would be Udo Ulfkotte. He used to work for FAZ. You have to take into account that he tried to live from writing books after FAZ and conspiracy theories do sell.
Of course everybody the US, Russia, Qatar, companies have a PR greyzone trying to influence public opinion.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:05:00 AM | 18
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 7:55:51 AM | 16
Read the @intercept they even agreed with the NSA to redact the stuff.
The solution is obvious but I don't hear anybody calling for it: Paper ballots. It is simple, works and is fast if you have a good counting system in place. Lots of countries still use it.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:08:44 AM | 19
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:00:37 AM | 17
Accepting that leakers could be fake would destroy the business model.
But no, if it was fake they would not go the extra effort to arrest a leaker who will be supplied good lawyers, I suppose.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:11:10 AM | 20
Reality Winner charged leaking classified material
''Exceptional law enforcement efforts allowed us quickly to identify and arrest the defendant,'' said Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein.
rod rosenstein ... Rosenstein and Mueller: the Regime Change Tag-Team, mike whitney has this guy's number, if you ask me.
Who ''owns'' the NSA secrets leaked by Edward Snowden to reporters Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras?
Greenwald and Poitras are now the only two people with full access to the complete cache of NSA files ... just Glenn and Laura at the for-profit journalism company created by the founder of eBay.
Whistleblowing has traditionally served the public interest. In this case, it is about to serve the interests of a billionaire starting a for-profit media business venture. This is truly unprecedented. Never before has such a vast trove of public secrets been sold wholesale to a single billionaire as the foundation of a for-profit company.
and who sold them? not edward snowden ... he gave them away ... to the two 'operators' who sold them to omidyar.
after death, devastation, and destruction outright ... deceit it the usofa's main growth industry. and hey, 'progressives' can do it too! and still huff and puff themselves up - among their temporary, transactional 'friends' anyway - with righteousness indignation.
Posted by: jfl | Jun 6, 2017 8:13:28 AM | 21
somebody
Thats whats called desinformation or psyops., you already for example seems claim that this is true facts that have been leaked, but we dont know that.
Or do you actually believe the whole Russia-Trump-hacking-claims we heard past months?
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:19:24 AM | 22
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:19:24 AM | 22
It is a document about what someone in the NSA believes, it is completely meaningless.
Greenwald and Scahill are kind of distancing themselves from the article.
The document is just enough to cause headlines that convince trusting people that Russia hacked the election. Arresting the leaker makes sure everybody heard about it.
Who wrote it by the way
Matthew Cole, Richard Esposito, Sam Biddle, Ryan Grim
They need 4 people to publish a document and burn a source?
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:41:09 AM | 23
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:19:24 AM | 22
I assume Russia has a cyber capacitiy in its defense portfolio, like everybody else.
The most likely scenario is Hillary Clinton and Julian Assange having a very personal private war after the state department leaks.
I also think, it is possible that Hillary Clinton and Putin had a very personal not so private war after Hillary announced that she would do everything to prevent a realignment of Post Soviet States. And employing Victoria Nuland to achieve just that.
What do politicians in the US think - that they can attack without anybody trying to hit back?
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:52:33 AM | 25
Also, Assange has been dead since October, but what do I know...
Posted by: Uncle $cam | Jun 6, 2017 8:52:55 AM | 26
somebody
"... document about what someone in the NSA believes,..."
...which of course how psyops works. Because this leak will fuel more of the Trump/Russian conspiracies and hatred in the MSM.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 8:55:33 AM | 27
No facts, so Reality loser.
Posted by: From The Hague | Jun 6, 2017 9:01:18 AM | 28
>>>>> Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:08:44 AM | 19
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 7:55:51 AM | 16
Read the @intercept they even agreed with the NSA to redact the stuff.
Well that's a big fat F in Black Ops 101 for you.
The Intercept just returns the document to the NSA - end of.
The Intercept asks the NSA to review and redact the document - it keeps going. Returning the received document rather than a re-typed one might raise questions within the NSA but could be put down to operator error at The Intercept but re-typed documents would get The Intercept no further in working out what's actually happening.
I'm not sure if this is what is happening but the whole thing is weird.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 8:11:10 AM | 20
But no, if it was fake they would not go the extra effort to arrest a leaker who will be supplied good lawyers, I suppose.
Are you from one of those USG "perception management" projects? Well, if you are, American taxpayers should be pissed off if this is all the "best and brightest" can come up with. The USG IC has an annual budget of $65 billion so if this is a black op., they have more than enough money to be able to afford the arrest of the "leaker" and even pay for her to get decently lawyered up.
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 9:11:24 AM | 29
27) if so, there are unintended consequences
From the memory whole - wired
But that's not what's really important here. WikiLeaks and Assange say they have no responsibility for the content they leak, and that no one has evidence that the sources of the DNC leak are Russian. But these leaks and tweets damage WikiLeaks' credibility. If they're not scrutinizing their own leaks on the base level of their content, it's not hard to imagine that WikiLeaks could unwittingly become part of someone else's agenda (like, say, a Russian one). ''If you are a legitimate leaker, why go with WikiLeaks? You go with The Intercept or the New York Times, like they did with the Panama Papers'' says Nicholas Weaver, a computer scientist at UC Berkeley who studies the organization. ''Wikileaks is a pastebin for spooks, and they're happy to be used that way.''
All this effort to discredit Wikileaks - poof.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 9:15:07 AM | 30
>>>>>Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 7:49:09 AM | 12
Posted by: nobody | Jun 6, 2017 7:04:47 AM | 5
(She looks like a dual citizen of the Rotscheild colony in Palestine.)
And you sound like a Nazi.
That's insulting to Nazis. At least they were open and honest about their racism and antisemitism.
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 9:21:37 AM | 31
One would think that all parties would be interested in this news. The Dems, of course, want to make Russian links. But doesn't Trump want to use this to prove his theory that the popular vote was wrong? Let's not turn this into a game where everyone interprets things based on ideology. The whole dang point is that someone was trying to infiltrate our voting system. Maybe they failed, maybe it was just a reconnaissance mission, but it happened. That is news.
Moon is obviously showing extreme bias. Instead of trying to figure out and analyze the implications he uses this as a way to score points. Points against the Intercept. Points against the Dems, and so on. How tiring.
Posted by: Kronos | Jun 6, 2017 9:22:06 AM | 32
Kronos
Sigh here we go again:
" Maybe they failed, maybe it was just a reconnaissance mission, but it happened. That is news. "
No! There is no news because there is no facts to begin with.
If even people here swallow this as "facts" world is really doomed.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 9:30:52 AM | 33
This whole episode smacks of a psy-op to me. If - and this is a big if - the Russians did hack into any voting systems, I'd be more willing to believe it was to collect evidence of malfeasance on the part of our own government than it would have been to manipulate the results themselves.
Important to note is that Putin just mentioned in his interview with Megyn Kelly that it doesn't matter who's president of the United States because no matter what, the policy remains the same. That's a pretty direct indictment of the integrity of US elections, so what better time to up the ante with respect to the obvious lies about Russian interference in our elections than right after Putin calls our elections Kabuki theater?
Posted by: SlapHappy | Jun 6, 2017 9:54:22 AM | 35
Anon re: Assange and WIkilieaks -- I don't know enough to judge your attitude toward Wikileaks, but, since Wikileaks operates on a strong promise to never reveal sources, I can understand why Assange would make clear his and his group's stand that Reality Winner was treated very badly indeed,
If whistleblowers and leakers cannot feel any sense of that their identity will be kept secret, there will be fewer and fewer leakers and whistleblowers.
Seems obvious to me that Assange would be concerned about such lousy treatment of a source. Is there something you know which I haven't thought about or come across?
Thnx.
Posted by: jawbone | Jun 6, 2017 10:03:45 AM | 36
unR̶A̶D̶A̶C̶K̶ted @JesselynRadack
Winner case is 2nd time Matt Cole was involved in a story where the source ended up prosecuted for Espionage
1st was my client @JohnKiriakou
Posted by: b | Jun 6, 2017 10:09:42 AM | 37
More diversion folks. The real elephant in the room is the U$A electoral system. It's rotten to it's core. Regardless of ANY information coming from ANY source, the corporate
overlords OWN the voting systems at the national level here in the U$A. SO, we here in the U$A, can believe whoever we want to, but, our votes, at least at national level, are
meaningless.
P.S- Read around folks, but, watch what people do, not what the say.
Posted by: ben | Jun 6, 2017 10:15:11 AM | 38
Don't worry about the Intercept or some gal who's going to do time for leaking. That's already gone out the back end of the news cycle. The big stories are yet to come.
People aren't paying any attention to alt-news blogs. They're paying attention to the upcoming grilling different players are going to get from the senate and the justice folks in the coming days, weeks and months. It starts Thursday with Comey's appearance before the Senate Intelligence Committee. But that's only a tease. The biggest reveals will come later on when Flynn, Manafort, Page, Kushner and all and sundry other players who held meetings and conducted business with the Russians prior to and during the election are asked very pointed questions under oath.
People are curious why there was such a full-court press on so many different levels to engage the Russians. It's been said that it's normal operating procedure during government transitions. That's bullshit. Normal transitions are dealt with through established diplomatic channels, not secret meetings looking to open back channels outside the purview of a country's security apparatus. People wonder why this issue garnered the undivided attention of so many of Trump's people when it was the least important of all the election issues.
People are also curious as to why after calling down China, Germany, France, the Pope, the Mayor of London, Canada, Mexico and a host of other countries and leaders that Trump has been utterly silent about Russia or Putin. Not one negative word. Do you suppose it's because he's a renaissance man who sees the benefits for all people in a new relationship with Russia? While trash talking everybody else? Really? Better stick with the blogs then because that's where you'll find validation.
Posted by: peter | Jun 6, 2017 10:27:39 AM | 39
jawbone
Well for one she is not a whistleblower, she is another anti-Trump neocon working for the deep state. She I believe leaked material just to attack Trump and Russia even more with info, as we have seen so many times now past months.
She nor we as readers have any idea if there is any truth to the claim to start with. So why leak it? Well obviously, like past months, some groups in our society benefit from this greatly.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 10:34:10 AM | 40
The article even says that NO EVIDENCE has been presented: "While the document provides a rare window into the NSA's understanding of the mechanics of Russian hacking, it does not show the underlying ''raw'' intelligence on which the analysis is based. A U.S. intelligence officer who declined to be identified cautioned against drawing too big a conclusion from the document because a single analysis is not necessarily definitive."
The information is a lie, just like the original report from the Director of National Intelligence, as I detail here: http://coloradopublicbanking.blogspot.com/2017/01/us-intelligence-reports-fail.html
Posted by: Bob Bows | Jun 6, 2017 10:46:15 AM | 41
peter #39 that Trump has been utterly silent about Russia or Putin. Not one negative word.
Everybody not complying with "Russia/Putin is bad" must be paid or blackmailed.
Silly.
Posted by: From The Hague | Jun 6, 2017 10:49:08 AM | 42
Sorry ot, but what the hell happened to all the old moon bats, such as but not limited to:
annie, a swedish kind of death, dan of steele, ralphieboy, b real, Juannie, Monolycus, anna missed, Hannah K. O'Luthon, Citizen, Tantalus, Cloned Poster, remembereringgiap, Copeland, Dr. Wellington Yueh, small coke, beq, Hamburger, Alamet, CluelessJoe, ran, Debs is dead, Peris Troika, Dick Durata, Chuck Cliff, VietnamVet, jonku, Tangerine, Sam, mistah charley, ph.d., biklett, DeAnander, Magoola, Allen/Vancouver, Lysander??? Where are all you guys?? just TO NAME A FEW...
Posted by: Uncle $cam | Jun 6, 2017 11:02:31 AM | 43
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 10:34:10 AM | 40
she is another anti-Trump neocon working for the deep state
Three points:
1. She is not a neo-con, she's a neo-lib/liberal interventionist/R2P liberal/Clintonist. There is a big difference between neo-cons and neo-libs/liberal interventionists/R2P liberals/Clintonists. The neo-cons do it because they can, the latter, who are far more dangerous, do it "for the greater good" although they rarely ask the people who it's being done for what they think and they have a far greater degree of "religious"certainty about what they're doing.
To paraphrase Putin in his recent interview, "why would he interfere in American elections as he gets the same foreign policy crap regardless of which side wins?"
2. The neo-cons lost big time in Iraq and as a result have little real power in Washington beyond being disruptive.
3. There is no deep state in the United States now because it's totally visible, and since both the neo-cons and the neo-libs/liberal interventionists/R2P liberals/Clintonists have the same objective there is no need for secrecy or conspiracies. If anyone needs to revive the "deep state" it's the Trumpists.
All these conspiracy theories are a waste of time and energy because there is so much real dangerous crap going on that needs to be attended to first.
Posted by: Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 11:24:33 AM | 44
I haven't trusted The Intercept since they ran their hit piece on Tulsi Gabbard.
Posted by: William Rood | Jun 6, 2017 11:31:31 AM | 45
Ghostship. True enough. But knowing it is still different from effectively dealing with it. The elite/CIA controlled mass media still has a lot of power to persuade people as do the corporations that finance political elections. As well as the people who make money from arms sales. These people who may be loosely referred to as 'deep state' don't want to give up any of that power/money.
Posted by: financial matters | Jun 6, 2017 11:37:29 AM | 46
#46
"Why of course the people don't want war.Why should some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally, the common people don't want war: neither in Russia, nor in England, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But after all it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship ...Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger."
http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Foreign_Policy/US_ForeignPolicy.html
Posted by: From The Hague | Jun 6, 2017 11:43:20 AM | 47
Assuming the neocons and neolibs represent different interests is the same as assuming the democrats and republicans represent different masters. Divide and conquer is the name of the game, and until we can come together and agree on who the real enemy is, they'll continue eating our lunch with impunity.
Posted by: SlapHappy | Jun 6, 2017 11:46:22 AM | 48
Thanks for the very valuable information. I wonder what Snowdon is thinking and maybe doing about The Intercept. Being him I would be fourious.
Posted by: Pnyx | Jun 6, 2017 11:57:04 AM | 49
ghostship
She follows a neocon agenda (war against afghanistan, war against Syria, hatered against Russia, hatred against foreign policy that Trump have i.e), she works for the deep state, she leak deep state material to smear her "enemies".
Who are those who spread this bs to the MSM about Trump and Russia constantly for past months? Where does it come from if not from the deep state groups?
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 11:57:32 AM | 50
@24 uncle $cam
This is easy to tell but difficult to snuff out in the end. Once Hillary and co. started railing against paid Kremlin-trolls on alt-right and various forum sites, you knew that it was something that they had been doing for quite sometime and, indeed, had been losing the battle. At that point, it was best to throw up their hands and concoct the victim-story, even though we TPTB probably pioneered the tactics (color revolutions, ngos, etc.).
Perhaps there were Kremlin agents on our boards. Perhaps there are some here. But truth, or a slightly biased truth, still stands in their corner, so I refuse to complain about Russia agents. The CIA OTOH. They can GTFO.
Posted by: NemesisCalling | Jun 6, 2017 12:38:46 PM | 52
thanks b..
i used to like greenwald long before his time at the intercept... the intercept smelt funny right from the beginning.. i haven't followed it, in spite of having enjoyed reading greenwald when he was more independent..
this whole story stinks to high heaven.. something is weird about the whole thing.. can't put my finger on it.. seems like more bs basically.. the usa is bonkers at this point..
@8 opereta... i see it similar to you..
@43 uncle scam... some of those folks are still around, but more of them are not..
Posted by: james | Jun 6, 2017 12:39:01 PM | 53
How on Earth do these kids (Snowden, Winner, etc) manage to get that kind of jobs?
Posted by: hopehely | Jun 6, 2017 12:48:49 PM | 54
@54 2 yrs of college, a couple of years in 'the field' (Air Force in this case)
Posted by: crone | Jun 6, 2017 12:52:30 PM | 55
@54 The US military seems to be pretty good at either getting people with drive, or instilling drive within recruits. She learned her languages in the military I would imagine. Somebody on 4chan mentioned that they use the Mormon method for language learning, which entails total immersion in the language for the entire workday.
She probably got security clearances and had sufficient language skills to fill a position needed with whatever contractor she worked for. Unfortunately for her, she had a great dislike of Trump and couldn't resist leaking what she came across.
Somebody else on 4chan mentioned that she used a copier at work, which probably takes images of all copied material and even OCRs keywords for flagging. AParently printers also put a dot pattern somewhere on the paper that identifies itself.. anyway she got busted, and the Intercept, once again, is the source of controversial journalistic practices
Posted by: aaaa | Jun 6, 2017 1:00:53 PM | 56
As you say, appalling tradecraft by both the leaker and the recipient. I would have thought even a cursory security check before giving her any security clearance would have unearthed her extreme views on social media.
Some general thoughts on the subject of leaks from the Trump administration -
https://thepointman.wordpress.com/2017/06/02/leaks/
Pointman
Posted by: Pointman | Jun 6, 2017 1:13:54 PM | 57
Excellent article. A warning to heed and I hope it gets out far and wide. Omidyar being behind the Intercept has always been an iffy proposition at best, and it has never sat well that Greenwald is apparently satisfied with such an arrangement.
Posted by: Brooklin Bridge | Jun 6, 2017 1:17:51 PM | 58
What a circus of distraction that grabs for public attention; its chief element is distraction,-- and its goal is distraction. In the end, Trump will probably go farther to accommodate the deep state, since what it aims to destroy is any chance for improvement of relations with Russia. This a PSYOPS extravaganza. The moronic level of political debate is not going to improve with the introduction of Reality Winner ( whose name sounds a bit silly, in this context).
The confirmed partisans will wolf down such farce without even tasting it. These absurd pratfalls will stop abruptly when the risk to our survival becomes obvious; but something on the order of a miracle would need to happen soon, to avert disaster. Trump's base will loudly congratulate him, whatever concessions he makes to survive politically; and the rationally unmoored Dems will sign on to any confidence game if it gets the results they are after.
Certainly, a closer observation of the details can help. Thanks to the author of this article, our host, and those who have commented. The alternative is for life to become a work of fiction.
Posted by: Copeland | Jun 6, 2017 1:20:02 PM | 59
My guess is "Reality Winner" is actually very bright, experienced and goes by another name.
Posted by: WGary | Jun 6, 2017 1:44:48 PM | 60
#53
I use to read him when he was a blogger but stopped when he joined the intercept.
Thanks b
Posted by: jo6pac | Jun 6, 2017 1:47:58 PM | 61
b,
Outstanding reporting, b. I saw a report on the microlending "phenomenon" in India on PBS a long time ago. It was heralded then. I'll have to dive into your link to survey the damage. Thx again.
Posted by: NemesisCalling | Jun 6, 2017 2:03:54 PM | 62
Hey b, John Kiriakou chimed in saying "@theintercept should be ashamed of itself. Matthew Cole burns yet another source. It makes your entire organization untrustworthy"
And you just know Mark Ames will have a piece up bashing Omidyar, Greenwald and Scahill. Speaking of Scahill, other than a weekly podcast, what exactly does he do for the Intercept?
Posted by: h | Jun 6, 2017 2:06:17 PM | 63
Greenwald is a self-serving hack and the Intercept functions alongside outlets like DemocracyNow! to provide a Democrat-friendly perspective on the world to people who think they are very "progressive". They will never challenge the fundamental precepts of US imperialism and the oligarchic powers behind it, or truly rock the boat.
Posted by: WorldBLee | Jun 6, 2017 2:06:58 PM | 64
There's a chance they got played. As noted, the documents don't actual show evidence of actual interference with voting system beyond data gathering. But now we have a leaker who's social media bills her as part of the resistance. And in this environment, how are the optics going to look like prosecuting someone who is being passed off as having leaked evidence of malfeasance? I think they rushed too quickly to publish.
Posted by: 4mas | Jun 6, 2017 2:15:02 PM | 65
Nice to see so many finally coming to the realisation that Greenwald, Poitras and the Intercept are disinfo operatives....
Waiting for the rest of you to begin questioning The Snowjob too.
Posted by: BilboBaggeshott | Jun 6, 2017 2:28:40 PM | 66
pence smells blood in the water ...
Russia, Iran and terrorism are top global threats - Pence
"From the Russian attempts to redraw international borders by force, to Iran destabilizing the Middle East, and to the global threat of terrorism, which affects people everywhere. It seems that the world has become much more dangerous today than ever since the fall of communism, about a quarter of a century ago,"- he said at a meeting of vice-president.
... pence is running for president ... in 2017?
Posted by: jfl | Jun 6, 2017 2:34:09 PM | 67
Actually, it is a good question how Winner got the access to the file. "Top Secret" is actually a low level of secrecy, without specific restriction who "needs to know" it. Practical problem for the wanna be leaker is to find "a needle in the haystack". Probably the chain of folders had self-explanatory names, which is like posting in on the billboard for all and sundry working for NSA. That in itself can be "leaking with a borrowed hand".
The content does not seem to be secret in the sense of revealing "sources and methods", just a scrubbed analysis with conclusions. A major part of the mission of intelligence agency to to careful draw conclusions from the gathered data so they are useful to the decision makers: access to informations allows to engage in disinformation. But what to do with the obsolete analysis, prepared for the PDM, previous decision maker? Post it on a billboard, if you still like PDM.
Alternatively, the document was prepared in such a way that it was actually politically harmless but it could snare the leaker who would be triumphantly and publicly "executed". That can improve the discipline in the shop.
Poor girl. But those Intercept people, why they did not at least re-type the document before showing it to anyone?
Posted by: Piotr Berman | Jun 6, 2017 2:37:15 PM | 68
=>> Ghostship | Jun 6, 2017 11:24:33 AM | 44
This is silly nonsense. There is no difference at all between the neocons and the neolibs (the neolords). They come from exactly the same place and believe in exactly the same thing. Specifically, they are atychiphobs; they cannot endure any form of failure. So they always must attach themselves to whatever they perceive as the winning side. And ultimately rule the rest of the losing world. For them that's all there is; Hillary is an example, and most rich individuals also. They would absolutely prefer death to loserdom. So of course they have no concerns at all about the fate of the losers. They are all the same.
And speaking of psyops and propaganda, the Deep State (of course there is a deep state (the neolords) whom common selves cannot comprehend) is now in the business of producing psyoperative YouTube videos. See if you can spot the subliminal propaganda in this one (hint -- it is not at all about how Russians perceive Americans):
RUSSIAN MILLENNIALS SPEAK OPENLY ABOUT AMERICA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFklhWu3d3E
Posted by: blues | Jun 6, 2017 2:41:19 PM | 69
Breaking News!
RT just reported:
"US-led coalition destroys Syrian government forces within de-confliction zone" - Pentagon. Published time: 6 Jun, 2017 18:35. Edited time: 6 Jun, 2017 18:43
You just cannot trust the US.
Posted by: OJS | Jun 6, 2017 2:46:54 PM | 70
Sounds like a con job from start to finish. Along the lines of bellingcat, SOHR ect. Just another method of disseminating propaganda.
Posted by: Peter AU | Jun 6, 2017 3:02:36 PM | 72
hophely:
"How on Earth do these kids ( Winner) manage to get that kind of jobs?"
Exactly! I thought you had to be very special, bright and so on to get this kind of jobs
here we have a 25 year old girl, that is named...Reality Winner and she has social media where
she posts alot of selfies of herself and have a twitter feed like high school student. She seems quite dorky to me. That she has already been in and out of the air force is even more bizarre. This is the kind of morons ruling this world.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 3:04:42 PM | 73
The Intercept article is as inept as the NSA document! it's mostly a cartoon, and things like guessing corporate emails are hardly espionage - they are normal ways of figuring out how to contact people in the professional world, NOT a security threat. Phishing them ought to be illegal, but clearly the FBI doesn't give a crap until it happens to Clinton's campaign chair. At least it is SO common that normal people KNOW not to fall for it. what a bunch of drivel! If the NSA had any actual intelligence that the origin of the emails was Russia, you would think that might be part of the explanation, but the cartoon only says "probably within"...
Then the Intercept spends pages (and pages) arguing for more $$ for the NSA (!) and to centralize control of US elections to the federal level where all this 'insecurity' can be properly controlled by responsible people (like the NSA, or the POTUS).
Topping that off was Amy Goodman showing an interview with a Clinton mouthpiece trumpeting propaganda that this whole "Russian" scheme is a way to get contact info of registered voters to aim "fake news" at them....... anybody here who is a registered voter knows that the minute you sign up you are permanently on the list for daily piles of glossy lies from PACS and nightly phone surveys about what crafted message would work 'if the election were held today'. Where I live, the Dems have so much money that they poll the crap out of us during city-level campaigns. (and after the election they can't be bothered with what their voters care about.)
this whole thing is such a circus! and yes, the NSA has access to far more info than these stupid documents allude to, not to mention that the US has got to have some massive access to Russian data.
Posted by: anon | Jun 6, 2017 3:10:44 PM | 74
I should add: If Putin were directly responsible for hacking anything, Clinton should kiss Putin's who-cares-what for waiting until AFTER the primaries. She got to be part of the final coin-toss.
really, why is this NSA document even considered whistle-blowing?
Posted by: anon | Jun 6, 2017 3:20:27 PM | 76
People - please stop the insanity.
Greenwald/Intercept?
The firewall set up by (or at least 'persuaded' by) the U.S. intelligence to toss out a few useless Snowden scraps to the peons? Why would the Intercept NOT report report this to their intel masters? Does anyone here really think 1) the Intercept has NOT been compromised since day one, 2) everybody and and everything at the Intercept is NOT closely monitored by the intel community? They probably have a department just for the Intercept. So whether the Intercept actually ratted out Winner is irrelevant - the NSA probably knows what flavor of coffee the mail guy at the Intercept was holding when he picked up the previously examined mail. The only way any Top Secret document is making its way to the Intercept is if the NSA or FBI created and mailed the document themselves. And if the alleged journalist did not report receipt of the document to the FBI, then THEY would face jail time if the FBI found it during a raid.
How did Winner come about this information?
Setting aside the antics of the Intercept, let's consider how preposterous this story is at face value. She's basically a translator for a few Middle Eastern languages. So she's reading email or web sites or listening to phone calls and doing her translating thing. It's not like she's a high-level analyst preparing briefings for the National Intelligence director - she's a damn low-level translator (no offense to NSA translators out there).
Why on earth would someone in that position have ANY Top Secret memos on Russian hackers or the election. Do people really think there is (at her workplace) a network-accessible folder labeled 'Top Secret' that anyone with a Top Secret clearance can browse through? No - that's not how it works. Does anyone think they have a 'Top Secret' mailing list to distribute memos? Nope. In fact, can ANYONE give me the least plausible reason why some nobody Arabic-language translator would ever even be able to SEE a Top Secret memo regarding a subject she has absolutely no involvement with?
Computers at Intel Agencies
If Winner DID manage to stumble upon a Top Secret memo on her work network unrelated to her job, then her supervisor would have known it within minutes. Everything anybody does is constantly monitored and logged, right down to the keystroke. SHE would know that. In fact, she would be fired for not reporting this impossible access to top secret information immediately. She would be further punished for even having the document linger on her screen for more than a second or two. There's a reason they put TOP SECRET at the very top of every page. Classified documents also have their own security/surveillance/monitoring mechanisms. The document itself (or the document management system) knows or is told who is allowed to read it or even see that it exists. It would record her access, even if all the other security and monitoring software the agency had failed completely. So you get the idea. Even if she saw this document (unlikely) and did NOT report the inappropriate access, she would eventually be frog-walked out of the building before the end of the day.
Printing
I won't belabor the point, but everything from all the security, monitoring and logging items above apply moreso for printing anything. Top Secret documents (and their networks) do not allow you to print them at all, and certainly not on some random office printer. Presuming she did the impossible and get a Top Secret document printed out (which would all be logged), how did she get it out of her controlled-access area and the building itself? Hide it in her purse? Tell the guard, "I'm taking this folder of top secret stuff home to work on, but it's OK - I have a top secret clearance..."
All modern printers and copy machines have an invisible watermark that identifies the time/date you printed a page and the serial number of the machine. If she copied it somewhere, then they copy can be traced to a certain machine and date/time. She's busted either way if the feds got their hands on it, and SHE KNOWS THAT.
Impossible Conclusion
Now given all the above and her knowledge of how all that works, does anyone think she's STILL going to naively print out and mail a hard copy of Top Secret information to a known compromised, well-monitored news site... because she doesn't like Trump??
Sorry - but unless someone can prove she has an extra chromosome or two, I have to believe this is a charade. She won't go to jail because she's in on it with the NSA and it's not a real Top Secret document anyway. NO intelligence agency will ever verify or deny something you show them is either legitimate or Top Secret, so even that part is wrong. If you call them to ask about a document you have, they will politely put you on hold so they can dispatch some DHS thugs to kick in your door and retrieve said document - without telling you anything either way.
Why would she do this then? Well, if she knew she wasn't really going to be tried to go to prison and the NSA is 'in' on it, then I'm sure there's a large check waiting for her somewhere. How much do you think it would take to buy out a translator from her crappy .gov job? Plus, she gets to stick it to Trump and those evil Russians. It's a win-win!
Maybe I'm too cynical nowadays, but this whole thing is preposterous beyond belief. Am I the only one that thinks this whole thing stinks to high heaven? I'm amazed the bar is so low for these fabrications.
Posted by: PavewayIV | Jun 6, 2017 3:37:14 PM | 77
For james #53 and all who want to be amused: it's all so poetic!
https://www.reddit.com/r/WayOfTheBern/comments/6fkoe1/reality_winner_reality_for_winners/
I tend to agree with the hint, hint - #RealityWinner is an obvious PsyOp.
Her employer probably had a deal for her - agree to be "used", play the part in a little prosecution game we'll have going, make sure you leak to Cook - and don't worry, you'll be well rewarded in the end.
Why her? the name, of course - sends a nice message. And her youth - get a little sympathy going. from a gullible public (not any of us though).
Posted by: Merlin2 | Jun 6, 2017 3:47:26 PM | 78
Meant Matt Cole, of course. See b.
Posted by: Merlin2 | Jun 6, 2017 3:52:29 PM | 79
The timing of this leak and the choice of media outlet is very convenient for the Establishment Dems/Deep State Russia investigation. Leaking to the Intercept, which has credibility in the alternative media, would be a convenient way to get the story covered in the MSM and leftist media. It certainly helps to distract Berners from the Seth Rich story. Some interns at the Intercept did a sloppy job checking up on their source.
Posted by: Rusty Pipes | Jun 6, 2017 4:09:32 PM | 80
thank you for this. i left a comment on that article yesterday about how dumb the technical aspects were and apparently you noticed as well (i also mentioned stuxnet as an example of what an effective and professional attack would actually look like). the thought that a macro in a word file (who lets those run by default anyway?) could pivot into some elaborate firmware/hardware exploit is just dumb. even the article mentions that machines and procedures vary from state to state and even city to city. seems like a lot of work to put into changing votes for a few thousand people.
as i also mentioned: hillary won durham by a WIDE margin (almost 100k votes). seems like any "hacking" worked to her advantage, not trump's.
i've been reading douglas valentine's book on the phoenix program and other CIA criminality
https://www.amazon.com/CIA-Organized-Crime-Illegal-Operations/dp/0997287012
and he makes a lot of the points you do here regarding the intercept. as much as i respect greenwald, he and the other top tier hires don't need that site. they've got enough leverage to start their own site or even just stick to facebook and/or twitter and then "third party" out to big sites. this would give them exposure without tying them down to one billionaire with his own agendas and biases.
glenn used to have some oddly toxic opinions (anti-chavez whining and supposed initial support for the iraq war) and came around. he's not a dummy. i also doubt he has any malevolent intentions given his charitable work in brazil and what seems like genuine concern for "the law" and privacy and etc.
the documents were trusted to him and a few others. there was a reason for that. every non-journalist (and i include many intercept writers in that group) since is just a parasite using him and the documents as a host. time to swat them away and be truly indie. (not holding my breath).
side note: "reality winner"? wow. when i first saw the headlines i thought she was a former contestant on "big brother" or something. we'll see how much vocal support she gets from the democrats. again - not holding breath.
Posted by: the pair | Jun 6, 2017 4:14:02 PM | 81
@54 as someone who lived and worked in DC for many years, i can assure you anyone with a pulse (and especially a college degree - even a 2 year one) can find a job within the military apparatus. after all, the US economy at this point is based on war and financial fraud. before 2008 someone with a GED could make $25/hr or more making copies for a hedge fund. i only have a high school diploma and was offered jobs everywhere from the DoE to the state department. i found them roughly the way snowden did; start out as a contractor (he was at booz allen before the NSA) and get headhunted (which has now become somewhat literal in his case).
Posted by: the pair | Jun 6, 2017 4:22:48 PM | 82
It looks like a real half-arsed psyops -- here is the "Russia did it" smoking gun we've all been waiting for and it gets sorta rolled out but not trumpeted hysterically. Why the Intercept? Why not the NYtimes or wapo? Just like the dossier a few months ago, generated some smoke but in the end its a weak petard. Did Sessions tamp it down?
Posted by: stumpy | Jun 6, 2017 4:34:04 PM | 83
Thank you 'Moon of Alabama' for publishing this solid piece and warning future whistleblowers. Kudos to you!
Regards,
Sibel Edmonds (FBI Whistleblower; Founder & Editor of Newsbud)
Posted by: Sibel Edmonds | Jun 6, 2017 4:51:45 PM | 85
Posted by: Anonymous Hippopotamus | Jun 6, 2017 4:38:46 PM | 84
No, wikileaks kind of recommends it.
@wikileaks 24
Michael Moore's #Trumpileaks is not secure enough to protect sources with classified information but it is better than many newspapers.
Posted by: somebody | Jun 6, 2017 5:03:06 PM | 86
blues 88
Like watching desperate housewife talking about foreign policy, but I guess one shouldnt be surprised about her views coming being a fmr. FBI agent.
Posted by: Anon | Jun 6, 2017 5:32:25 PM | 89
@77 paveway... thanks.. you are preaching to the choir here.. none of the story adds up, but the intercept is one bs outfit plain and simple..
@78/79 merlin.. thanks.. we see it much the same!
this ''russia did it memo'' is so friggin' boring... the usa has lost it's creative imagination if it ever had one to begin with... hollywood is over and one with.. give it up hollywash..
Posted by: james | Jun 6, 2017 5:39:47 PM | 90
@88, thanks. My estimation of C & E just took a big hit.
Posted by: ruralito | Jun 6, 2017 5:40:23 PM | 91
@82 I remember reading that some crazy number, like 6 million people have security clearances. That's a lot of people that signed up to keep quiet. I guess a lot of it relates to basic military stuff, or controlled technology like aircraft parts or whatever.
Posted by: aaaa | Jun 6, 2017 5:50:10 PM | 92
PavewayIV @ 77
Farsi, it's Afghan version Dari, and Pashto are Indo-European > Indo-Iranian, languages, not Arabic languages, though they use the Arabic script.
Posted by: Marym | Jun 6, 2017 6:00:49 PM | 93
who are these Intercept guys? the billionaire seems to hire anyone
'Matthew Cole, Richard Esposito, Sam Biddle, Ryan Grim'
Posted by: brian | Jun 6, 2017 6:05:16 PM | 94
She speaks Farsi and Pashto, I bet she's CIA who's been promised a lot of $$$ after she serves a short prison term. It's my guess that what she provided to The Intercept was given to her after it was manufactured or "doctored". The info published by The Intercept should be considered as suspicious.
Posted by: DC | Jun 6, 2017 6:15:00 PM | 95
@94 there was some recent expose on the intercept that was quite damning, but I can't remember the content
Posted by: aaaa | Jun 6, 2017 6:20:45 PM | 96
Marym@93 - Thanks. I hesitated to just say 'Iranian' because that didn't seem quite right, but 'Arabic' is obviously wrong. Hey, I'm American. I couldn't even tell you where Farsiland or Pastonia are on a map. I think... somewhere by Italy? No, wait...
Posted by: PavewayIV | Jun 6, 2017 6:35:50 PM | 97
@95 Sounds right. She won't get the full Chelsea Manning treatment. Just a naive patriotic young American girl who did the right thing. Obviously she was tricked into using that copier. Couple of months and she''ll get a job at Fox.
Posted by: dh | Jun 6, 2017 6:48:22 PM | 98
@98 ....which she will turn down for a better offer at CNN.
Posted by: dh | Jun 6, 2017 6:55:18 PM | 99
Remember when Greenwald's Brazilian boyfriend was being held by the authorities and accused of smuggling information from Snowden? Then he got released. Hmm.
Wonder if there was some sort of agreement to the effect that if Greenwald played ball, possible prosecution against said boyfriend would be held in abeyance. This is a tactic employed by government lawyers in some cases when they want something. Like a slow-walking of releases from Snowden's revelations, for instance. And maybe some other dirty business when wanted by the powers that be, like this "leak" that the NSA thought something could be true, but with the leak not containing any proof or any supporting raw intelligence.
Holding a sword over the head of the boyfriend might be just the ticket. And couple that with speculation that Snowden's documents contained revelations about Greenwald's boss, Pierre Omidyar. Maybe an offer that Greenwald and company could not refuse.
Speculation on my part, of course. But not the first time that such tactics have been deployed.
Posted by: JerseyJeffersonian | Jun 6, 2017 7:12:49 PM | 100
Top-Secret NSA Report Details Russian Hacking Effort Days Before 2016 Election
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:28
The report indicates that Russian hacking may have penetrated further into U.S. voting systems than was previously understood. It states unequivocally in its summary statement that it was Russian military intelligence, specifically the Russian General Staff Main Intelligence Directorate, or GRU, that conducted the cyber attacks described in the document:
Russian General Staff Main Intelligence Directorate actors '... executed cyber espionage operations against a named U.S. company in August 2016, evidently to obtain information on elections-related software and hardware solutions. '... The actors likely used data obtained from that operation to '... launch a voter registration-themed spear-phishing campaign targeting U.S. local government organizations.
This NSA summary judgment is sharply at odds with Russian President Vladimir Putin's denial last week that Russia had interfered in foreign elections: ''We never engaged in that on a state level, and have no intention of doing so.'' Putin, who had previously issued blanket denials that any such Russian meddling occurred, for the first time floated the possibility that freelance Russian hackers with ''patriotic leanings'' may have been responsible. The NSA report, on the contrary, displays no doubt that the cyber assault was carried out by the GRU.
The NSA analysis does not draw conclusions about whether the interference had any effect on the election's outcome and concedes that much remains unknown about the extent of the hackers' accomplishments. However, the report raises the possibility that Russian hacking may have breached at least some elements of the voting system, with disconcertingly uncertain results.
The NSA and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence were both contacted for this article. Officials requested that we not publish or report on the top secret document and declined to comment on it. When informed that we intended to go ahead with this story, the NSA requested a number of redactions. The Intercept agreed to some of the redaction requests after determining that the disclosure of that material was not clearly in the public interest.
The report adds significant new detail to the picture that emerged from the unclassified intelligence assessment about Russian election meddling released by the Obama administration in January. The January assessment presented the U.S. intelligence community's conclusions but omitted many specifics, citing concerns about disclosing sensitive sources and methods. The assessment concluded with high confidence that the Kremlin ordered an extensive, multi-pronged propaganda effort ''to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency.''
That review did not attempt to assess what effect the Russian efforts had on the election, despite the fact that ''Russian intelligence obtained and maintained access to elements of multiple US state or local electoral boards.'' According to the Department of Homeland Security, the assessment reported reassuringly, ''the types of systems we observed Russian actors targeting or compromising are not involved in vote tallying.''
The NSA has now learned, however, that Russian government hackers, part of a team with a ''cyber espionage mandate specifically directed at U.S. and foreign elections,'' focused on parts of the system directly connected to the voter registration process, including a private sector manufacturer of devices that maintain and verify the voter rolls. Some of the company's devices are advertised as having wireless internet and Bluetooth connectivity, which could have provided an ideal staging point for further malicious actions.
Attached to the secret NSA report is an overview chart detailing the Russian government's spear-phishing operation, apparently missing a second page that was not provided to The Intercept.
Graphic: NSA
The Spear-Phishing AttackAs described by the classified NSA report, the Russian plan was simple: pose as an e-voting vendor and trick local government employees into opening Microsoft Word documents invisibly tainted with potent malware that could give hackers full control over the infected computers.
But in order to dupe the local officials, the hackers needed access to an election software vendor's internal systems to put together a convincing disguise. So on August 24, 2016, the Russian hackers sent spoofed emails purporting to be from Google to employees of an unnamed U.S. election software company, according to the NSA report. Although the document does not directly identify the company in question, it contains references to a product made by VR Systems, a Florida-based vendor of electronic voting services and equipment whose products are used in eight states.
The spear-phishing email contained a link directing the employees to a malicious, faux-Google website that would request their login credentials and then hand them over to the hackers. The NSA identified seven ''potential victims'' at the company. While malicious emails targeting three of the potential victims were rejected by an email server, at least one of the employee accounts was likely compromised, the agency concluded. The NSA notes in its report that it is ''unknown whether the aforementioned spear-phishing deployment successfully compromised all the intended victims, and what potential data from the victim could have been exfiltrated.''
VR Systems declined to respond to a request for comment on the specific hacking operation outlined in the NSA document. Chief Operating Officer Ben Martin replied by email to The Intercept's request for comment with the following statement:
Phishing and spear-phishing are not uncommon in our industry. We regularly participate in cyber alliances with state officials and members of the law enforcement community in an effort to address these types of threats. We have policies and procedures in effect to protect our customers and our company.
Although the NSA report indicates that VR Systems was targeted only with login-stealing trickery, rather than computer-controlling malware, this isn't necessarily a reassuring sign. Jake Williams, founder of computer security firm Rendition Infosec and formerly of the NSA's Tailored Access Operations hacking team, said stolen logins can be even more dangerous than an infected computer. ''I'll take credentials most days over malware,'' he said, since an employee's login information can be used to penetrate ''corporate VPNs, email, or cloud services,'' allowing access to internal corporate data. The risk is particularly heightened given how common it is to use the same password for multiple services. Phishing, as the name implies, doesn't require everyone to take the bait in order to be a success '-- though Williams stressed that hackers ''never want just one'' set of stolen credentials.
A detail from a top-secret NSA report on a Russian military intelligence operation targeting the U.S. election infrastructure.
Image: NSA
In any event, the hackers apparently got what they needed. Two months later, on October 27, they set up an ''operational'' Gmail account designed to appear as if it belonged to an employee at VR Systems, and used documents obtained from the previous operation to launch a second spear-phishing operation ''targeting U.S. local government organizations.'' These emails contained a Microsoft Word document that had been ''trojanized'' so that when it was opened it would send out a beacon to the ''malicious infrastructure'' set up by the hackers.
The NSA assessed that this phase of the spear-fishing operation was likely launched on either October 31 or November 1 and sent spear-fishing emails to 122 email addresses ''associated with named local government organizations,'' probably to officials ''involved in the management of voter registration systems.'' The emails contained Microsoft Word attachments purporting to be benign documentation for VR Systems' EViD voter database product line, but which were in reality maliciously embedded with automated software commands that are triggered instantly and invisibly when the user opens the document. These particular weaponized files used PowerShell, a Microsoft scripting language designed for system administrators and installed by default on Windows computers, allowing vast control over a system's settings and functions. If opened, the files ''very likely'' would have instructed the infected computer to begin downloading in the background a second package of malware from a remote server also controlled by the hackers, which the secret report says could have provided attackers with ''persistent access'' to the computer or the ability to ''survey the victims for items of interest.'' Essentially, the weaponized Word document quietly unlocks and opens a target's back door, allowing virtually any cocktail of malware to be subsequently delivered automatically.
According to Williams, if this type of attack were successful, the perpetrator would possess ''unlimited'' capacity for siphoning away items of interest. ''Once the user opens up that email [attachment],'' Williams explained, ''the attacker has all the same capabilities that the user does.'' Vikram Thakur, a senior research manager at Symantec's Security Response Team, told The Intercept that in cases like this the ''quantity of exfiltrated data is only limited by the controls put in place by network administrators.'' Data theft of this variety is typically encrypted, meaning anyone observing an infected network wouldn't be able to see what exactly was being removed but should certainly be able to tell something was afoot, Williams added. Overall, the method is one of ''medium sophistication,'' Williams said, one that ''practically any hacker can pull off.''
The NSA, however, is uncertain about the results of the attack, according to the report. ''It is unknown,'' the NSA notes, ''whether the aforementioned spear-phishing deployment successfully compromised the intended victims, and what potential data could have been accessed by the cyber actor.''
The FBI would not comment about whether it is pursuing a criminal investigation into the cyber attack on VR Systems.
At a December press conference, President Obama said that he told Russian President Vladimir Putin in September not to hack the U.S. election infrastructure. ''What I was concerned about in particular was making sure [the DNC hack] wasn't compounded by potential hacking that could hamper vote counting, affect the actual election process itself,'' Obama said. ''So in early September, when I saw President Putin in China, I felt that the most effective way to ensure that that didn't happen was to talk to him directly and tell him to cut it out and there were going to be serious consequences if he didn't. And in fact we did not see further tampering of the election process.''
Yet the NSA has now found that the tampering continued. ''The fact that this is occurring in October is troubling,'' said one senior law enforcement official with significant cyber expertise. ''In August 2016 warnings went out from the FBI and DHS to those agencies. This was not a surprise. This was not hard to defend against. But you needed a commitment of budget and attention.''
The NSA document briefly describes two other election-related Russian hacking operations. In one, Russian military hackers created an email account pretending to be another U.S. election company, referred to in the document as U.S. company 2, from which they sent fake test emails offering ''election-related products and services.'' The agency was unable to determine whether there was any targeting using this account.
In a third Russian operation, the same group of hackers sent test emails to addresses at the American Samoa Election Office, presumably to determine whether those accounts existed before launching another phishing attack. It is unclear what the effort achieved, but the NSA assessed that the Russians appeared intent on ''mimicking a legitimate absentee ballot-related service provider.'' The report does not indicate why the Russians targeted the tiny Pacific islands, a U.S. territory with no electoral votes to contribute to the election.
A voter casts her ballot on Nov. 8, 2016 in Ohio.
Photo: Ty Wright/Getty Images
An Alluring TargetGetting attention and a budget commitment to election security requires solving a political riddle. ''The problem we have is that voting security doesn't matter until something happens, and then after something happens, there's a group of people who don't want the security, because whatever happened, happened in their favor,'' said Bruce Schneier, a cybersecurity expert at Harvard's Berkman Center who has written frequently about the security vulnerabilities of U.S. election systems. ''That makes it a very hard security problem, unlike your bank account.''
Schneier said the attack, as described by the NSA, is standard hacking procedure. ''Credential-stealing, spear-phishing '-- this is how it's done,'' he said. ''Once you get a beachhead, then you try to figure out how to go elsewhere.''
All of this means that it is critical to understand just how integral VR Systems is to our election system, and what exactly the implications of this breach are for the integrity of the result.
VR Systems doesn't sell the actual touchscreen machines used to cast a vote, but rather the software and devices that verify and catalogue who's permitted to vote when they show up on Election Day or for early voting. Companies like VR are ''very important'' because ''a functioning registration system is central to American elections,'' explained Lawrence Norden, deputy director of the Brennan Center for Justice at the NYU School of Law. Vendors like VR are also particularly sensitive, according to Norden, because local election offices ''are often unlikely to have many or even any IT staff,'' meaning ''a vendor like this will also provide most of the IT assistance, including the work related to programming and cyber security'''--not the kind of people you want unwittingly compromised by a hostile nation state.
According to its website, VR Systems has contracts in eight states: California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, New York, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Pamela Smith, president of election integrity watchdog Verified Voting, agreed that even if VR Systems doesn't facilitate the actual casting of votes, it could make an alluring target for anyone hoping to disrupt the vote.
''If someone has access to a state voter database, they can take malicious action by modifying or removing information,'' she said. ''This could affect whether someone has the ability to cast a regular ballot, or be required to cast a 'provisional' ballot '-- which would mean it has to be checked for their eligibility before it is included in the vote, and it may mean the voter has to jump through certain hoops such as proving their information to the election official before their eligibility is affirmed.''
Mark Graff, a digital security consultant and former chief cybersecurity officer at Lawrence Livermore National Lab, described such a hypothetical tactic as ''effectively a denial of service attack'' against would-be voters. But a more worrying prospect, according to Graff, is that hackers would target a company like VR Systems to get closer to the actual tabulation of the vote. An attempt to directly break into or alter the actual voting machines would be more conspicuous and considerably riskier than compromising an adjacent, less visible part of the voting system, like voter registration databases, in the hope that one is networked to the other. Sure enough, VR Systems advertises the fact that its EViD computer polling station equipment line is connected to the internet, and that on Election Day ''a voter's voting history is transmitted immediately to the county database'' on a continuous basis. A computer attack can thus spread quickly and invisibly through networked components of a system like germs through a handshake.
According to Alex Halderman, director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society and an electronic voting expert, one of the main concerns in the scenario described by the NSA document is the likelihood that the officials setting up the electronic poll books are the same people doing the pre-programming of the voting machines. The actual voting machines aren't going to be networked to something like VR Systems' EViD, but they do receive manual updates and configuration from people at the local or state level who could be responsible for both. If those were the people targeted by the GRU malware, the implications are troubling.
''Usually at the county level there's going to be some company that does the pre-election programming of the voting machines,'' Halderman told The Intercept. ''I would worry about whether an attacker who could compromise the poll book vendor might be able to use software updates that the vendor distributes to also infect the election management system that programs the voting machines themselves,'' he added. ''Once you do that, you can cause the voting machine to create fraudulent counts.''
According to Schneier, a major prize in breaching VR Systems would be the ability to gather enough information to effectively execute spoof attacks against election officials themselves. Coming with the imprimatur of the election board's main contractor, a fake email looks that much more authentic.
A detail from a top-secret NSA report on a Russian military intelligence operation targeting the U.S. election infrastructure.
Image: NSA
Such a breach could also serve as its own base from which to launch disruptions. One U.S. intelligence official conceded that the Russian operation outlined by the NSA '-- targeting voter registration software '-- could potentially have disrupted voting in the locations where VR Systems' products were being used. And a compromised election poll book system can do more than cause chaos on Election Day, said Halderman. ''You could even do that preferentially in areas for voters that are likely to vote for a certain candidate and thereby have a partisan effect.''
Using this method to target a U.S. presidential election, the Russian approach faces a challenge in the decentralized federal election system, where processes differ not merely state to state but often county to county. And meanwhile, the Electoral College makes it difficult to predict where efforts should be concentrated.
''Hacking an election is hard, not because of technology '-- that's surprisingly easy '-- but it's hard to know what's going to be effective,'' said Schneier. ''If you look at the last few elections, 2000 was decided in Florida, 2004 in Ohio, the most recent election in a couple counties in Michigan and Pennsylvania, so deciding exactly where to hack is really hard to know.''
But the system's decentralization is also a vulnerability. There is no strong central government oversight of the election process or the acquisition of voting hardware or software. Likewise, voter registration, maintenance of voter rolls, and vote counting lack any effective national oversight. There is no single authority with the responsibility for safeguarding elections. Christian Hilland, a spokesperson for the FEC, told The Intercept that ''the Federal Election Commission does not have jurisdiction over voting matters as well as software and hardware in connection with casting votes. You may want to check with the Election Assistance Commission.''
Checking with the EAC is also less than confidence inspiring. The commission was created in 2002 as the congressional reaction to the vote-counting debacle of 2000. The EAC notes online that it ''is charged with serving as a national clearinghouse of information on election administration. EAC also accredits testing laboratories and certifies voting systems,'' but it is a backwater commission with no real authority. Click on the link about certifying voting systems and it leads you to a dead page.
If there were a central U.S. election authority, it might have launched an investigation into what happened in Durham, North Carolina, on Election Day. The registration system malfunctioned at a number of polling locations, causing chaos and long lines, which triggered election officials to switch to paper ballots and extend voting later into the evening.
Durham's voter rolls were run by VR Systems '-- the same firm that was compromised by the Russian hack, according to the NSA document.
Local officials said that a hack was not the cause of the disruption. ''The N.C. State Board of Elections did not experience any suspicious activity during the 2016 election outside of what this agency experiences at other times. Any potential risks or vulnerabilities are being monitored, and this agency works with the Department of Homeland Security and the N.C. Department of Information Technology to help mitigate any potential risks,'' said Patrick Gannon, a spokesperson for the North Carolina board of elections.
George McCue, deputy director of the Durham County board of elections, also said that VR Systems' software was not the issue. ''There was some investigation there, essentially no evidence came out of it indicating there was any problem with the product,'' he said. ''It appears to be user errors at different points in the process, between the setup of the computers and the poll workers using them.''
All of this taken together ratchets up the stakes of the ongoing investigations into collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian operatives, which promises to soak up more national attention this week as fired FBI Director James Comey appears before Congress to testify. If collusion can ultimately be demonstrated '-- a big if at this point '-- then the assistance on Russia's part went beyond allegedly hacking email to serve a propaganda campaign, and bled into an attack on U.S. election infrastructure itself.
Whatever the investigation into the Trump campaign concludes, however, it pales in comparison to the threat posed to the legitimacy of U.S. elections if the infrastructure itself can't be secured. The NSA conclusion ''demonstrates that countries are looking at specific tactics for election manipulation, and we need to be vigilant in defense,'' said Schneier. ''Elections do two things: one choose the winner, and two, they convince the loser. To the extent the elections are vulnerable to hacking, we risk the legitimacy of the voting process, even if there is no actual hacking at the time.''
Throughout history, the transfer of power has been the moment of greatest weakness for societies, leading to untold bloodshed. The peaceful transfer of power is one of the greatest innovations of democracy.
''It's not just that [an election] has to be fair, it has to be demonstrably fair, so that the loser says, 'Yep, I lost fair and square.' If you can't do that, you're screwed,'' said Schneier. ''They'll tear themselves apart if they're convinced it's not accurate.''
Reality Leigh Winner: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know | Heavy.com
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:06
(Facebook)
A 25-year-old federal contract worker from Augusta, Georgia has been charged by the Department of Justice for taking Top Secret materials from her workplace and mailing them to a news outlet.
Reality Leigh Winner was arrested by the F.B.I. on June 3 and appeared in federal court in Augusta on June 5. She was charged with gathering, transmitting or losing defense information that could have been damaging to the U.S. It's alleged that she took a Top Secret document, copied it and mailed it to a news organization, believed to be a podcast that wasn't identified by authorities.
Here's what you need to know:
1. Winner Is a Former Member of the Military & Has Posted Anti-Trump Things on Social Media(Instagram)
Winner was an employee at Pluribus International Corporation based out of Alexandria, Virginia. She was then assigned to a government agency in Georgia. She's was employed at the facility since February 13 and held a Top Secret security clearance ever since then.
Pluribus is an analytical and engineering service that provides its services to federal, defense, security and the intelligence community. The company has 22 locations across the world, including three in the Republic of Korea. The one located in Georgia is in Fort Gordon.
Prior to working for Pluribus, Winner was an active duty member of the U.S. Air Force. She was in the Air Force as a linguist, and speaks Pashto, Farsi and Dari, her mother told The Guardian's Jon Swaine.
Notably, Winner didn't hide her stance on politics. Just one day before the 2016 presidential election, she made a post to Facebook saying ''on a positive note, This Tuesday when we become the United States of the Russian Federation, Olympic lifting will be the national sport.''
Candace Claiborne: 5 Fast Facts You Need to KnowA State Department employee who is charged with lying to the FBI during a counterintelligence investigation.
Click here to read more2. A Search Warrant Said the F.B.I. Was Tipped off by a Podcast(Instagram)
According to a search warrant obtained by Heavy, a special agent with the F.B.I. received information that Winner possessed and willfully sent classified information that was believed to result in damage to national security. The agency received the tip from the news outlet that received the document on June 1 saying that it may have received and published classified information. The court document said that the reporting was published by the news outlet May 5.
After launching an investigation, they found that Winner was one of six people who had access to the document in question on her computer. When investigating those six people, authorities found out that Winner had email contact with the news outlet on March 30 and then again March 31 from her personal email account.
In that email, Winner had asked for transcripts of a specific podcast, and a second email confirmed that she had subscribed to the podcast.
She allegedly ''printed and improperly removed and transmitted classified information from a defense agency of the U.S. government.''
After she printed the information, she mailed the document to the outlet, and the letter was postmarked with Augusta, Georgia.
Read the full 21-page search warrant request below:
Reality Leigh Winner by Chris on Scribd
The search warrant was eventually granted, and authorities targeted her home and her home, where they believed that evidence of the alleged crime was.
Yacqub Khayre: 5 Fast Facts You Need to KnowYacqub Khayre has been identified as the man that took hostages and killed a man in an attack in Brighton, Australia.
Click here to read more3. Winner Admitted to Sharing the Classified Information to Authorities During an Interview(Instagram)
According to the criminal complaint, the F.B.I. executed its search warrant on Winner's home and vehicle and found evidence that she had shared the classified information.
Read the full criminal complaint in the document below:
Reality Leigh Winner by Chris on Scribd
Authorities arrested her June 3 at her home, and she was subsequently interviewed. Winner admitted to removing the classified intelligence reporting from her office in Georgia, copying it and mailing it to the news outlet. She allegedly told agents that she knew that she wasn't allowed to share the intelligence reporting that she obtained, and she was aware that using the information for a news report could cause damage to the U.S. by a foreign nation.
Winner was then taken into federal custody, where she remains as she awaits trial.
Anil Uskanil: 5 Fast Facts You Need to KnowAnil Uskanil of Turkey was detained by authorities after he tried to enter the cockpit of a plane leaded from Los Angeles to Honolulu.
Click here to read more4. She Faces 10 Years in a Federal Prison(Instagram)
Winner is presumed innocent until proven guilty, but faces 10 years in a federal prison if found guilty of the charge.
The charge, ''gathering, transmitting or losing defense information'' is contained under Chapter 37 of federal law: espionage and censorship. The law went into effect as of February 1, 2010.
The prosecution of Winner is being handled by Julie A. Edelstein of the Department of Justice's National Security Divisions Counterintelligence and Export Control Section, a news release by the agency said.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Jennifer Solari of the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Georgia is also on the case.
David Dao: 5 Fast Facts You Need to KnowA disgraced doctor and professional poker player from Kentucky has been identified as the United Airlines passenger forcibly pulled from a flight by police, leaving him bloodied.
Click here to read more5.She Is From Texas & Lived in Maryland(Instagram)
Winner didn't have a past criminal record, and her Facebook profile said that she was born in Kingsville, Texas.
The one thing she had on her record was one citation, issued December 13, 2016, in Howard, Maryland for failing to control her vehicle's speed on a highway to avoid a collision.
She reportedly went to H.M. King High School and lived in Columbia, Maryland at a time.
The last post on her Facebook on June 2 said: ''You are what you love, not who loves you.''
Vladislav Surkov: 5 Fast Facts You Need to KnowReports say that President Donald Trump is expected to appoint someone to communicate directly with Vladimir Putin's top aide, Vladislav Surkov.
Click here to read moreChris Bucher is a sports, politics and general news contributor to Heavy. A University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh graduate, Bucher spent time as the business editor at The Waukesha Freeman and was also the former sports assistant editor. You can follow him on Twitter @Buchage and reach him at chris.bucher@heavy.com. June 5, 2017 7:02 pm
Another NSA leak on Russian hacking full of Holes
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 15:24
As another Lame Cherry exclusive in matter anti matter.
American intelligence is a complete disaster and as further proof another leaked document was leaked to The Intercept by the NSA, which is a criminal act, in another desperate attempt to link President Vladimir Putin to "Russian hacking" in the US elections.
What the real disaster is, is found in The Intercept story, which if one invests the time to review the NSA story board, reveals a story not what The Intercept states in NSA proof of the link, but a story board which as the word PROBABLY in the scenario.
That is not conclusive proof as an ISP, a cell phone serial number identification or an actual recording. What the NSA produced is typical in this entire Obama keystone cops lunacy of Russian hacking.
Here is the NSA story board in part, pointing to the Russian military, GRU.
If you study the above, you have the Russian Pentagon on top, linked to a contractor group, and then this rogue operator who PROBABLY was within this communications contractor. Let me just put this in terms so you can understand it as in the Pentagon, works with AT & T to collect data by one of its contractors, who has an operative named Edward Snowden who copies files. So in the NSA story board, Edward Snowden works for the Pentagon and was under direct orders by Barack Obama to give documents to Russia.
We do have smoking gun in this in Snowden said he was talking to the Obama officials while in Russia. The problem is the Snowden theory is beyond what the NSA in the above has, because what the NSA is saying that some Russian who they think might be connected to a communications system in Russia which is affiliated with the GRU, was discovered to have a cell phone which registered an account at Gmail in this spoofing attempt on an American company linked to e voting.
If you need reminding the Ukrainian software security company for the DNC swore up and down it was Russians who hacked the DNC when it was Seth Rich copying files. They later had to retract that finding because it was bogus, because the hacking codex they found had imprinted into it the GRU founders name or something else to lead this back to the Russians. You will notice in the above the same flimsy evidence appears without any direct confirmation, but another Pissgate type leak in attempting to connect dots which are not there.
One might as well say Julian Assange is General Assange and works for the DIA because Bradley Manning leaked to him. That is how absolutely weak all of this intelligence is that apparently John McCain and democrats have been sucking on with both ends of the straw.
What this "Russian hacking" really looks like, is an operation of the deep state to give Hillary Clinton a talking point to hate on Russia, to impede Donald Trump if he won, and to provide cover for Hillary Clinton as she made war preparations against Moscow as Obama began shipping tanks to Europe.
The Lame Cherry can lay out a story line, that this "hacking" actually was unleashed by Obama Clinton operatives to give her a political screaming point against Russia, so she could start the war with Russia that the cartel has been pressing for, and to use this "information" to go after Donald Trump and throw his people, who are outside the deep state all in prison, as Hillary Clinton as President would have held all the information to railroad Trump into prison.
This story in The Intercept is exactly like all this Russian hacking fake intelligence and fake news, it is a great deal of smoke, but no evidence Russia was involved. It appeared right on cue from the deep state as Vladimir Putin mopped the floor with Meghan Kelley.
This NSA summary judgment is sharply at odds with Russian President Vladimir Putin's denial last week that Russia had interfered in foreign elections: ''We never engaged in that on a state level, and have no intention of doing so.'' Putin, who had previously issued blanket denials that any such Russian meddling occurred, for the first time floated the possibility that freelance Russian hackers with ''patriotic leanings'' may have been responsible. The NSA report, on the contrary, displays no doubt that the cyber assault was carried out by the GRU.
Of course the NSA summary is at odds, because it is bullshit again in finding one character twice removed from the Russian military intelligence, and whose cell phone registered an account pointing it all back to that person. Whoever that person is, could have had their phone swiped while drunk, got their phone taken by some Matahari honeypot who registered the account to point back to this person's cell phone or here is a novel thing in the CIA simply entered the phone number of this Russian into the system as we are discovering the NSA CIA hacks everyone on the planet and all of the viral ware is their property.
The Truth seems somewhere in the middle though, in a number of Russians are patriots and were busy screwing with the American system to give Russia an edge. The problem in this Trump scenario is that what this NSA report points to is NOT Donald Trump, but to Hillary Clinton, because when this information was found out, it would only help Hamrod and not hurt her.
So in this case is the Obama NSA coordinating data from Russian communists who wanted to protect their nation's bribery investments in Hillary Clinton?
None of this matters to me personally as war is on the way, among a number of other events by the indications and trends. What interested me was an NSA report with the word PROBABLY in it. I can assure you if William Colby or Bill Casey ever got a report with PROBABLY in it, that data interpreter would have been sent to the FBI where J Edgar Hoover would have had him reassigned for duty picking up dog poo around Washington for evidence of high crimes.
United States intelligence is a disaster. Thee entire world is watching this fake intelligence and are concluding that America is going to implode from incompetence as it is that low rung in the petty and non intelligence agents working in this field. There is no loyalty among them and they are all criminal from leaky James Comey to this latest NSA story board which reads like Alice in Wonderland.
.........and the source of the leak was a LA LA Land deluded Bernie voter. No wonder the NSA is all strung out hocus pocus on an overdose of fantasy. Real people are ruining their lives over being so dependent on Bararck, Bernie and Hillary that they are not destroying themselves over this nonsense, where if they had someone just pointing out a few realities as are above, they would realize hopefully they were sounding as nuts as Maxine Waters.
A 25-year-old Federal contractor was charged Monday with leaking a top secret NSA report '-- detailing how Russian military hackers targeted US voting systems just days before the election.
The highly classified intelligence document, published Monday by The Intercept, describes how Russia managed to infiltrate America's voting infrastructure using a spear-phishing email scheme that targeted local government officials and employees.
It claims the calculated cyberattack may have even been more far-reaching and devious than previously thought.
The report is believed to be the most detailed US government account of Russia's interference to date.
It was allegedly provided to the Intercept by 25-year-old Reality Leigh Winner, of Augusta, who appeared in court Monday after being arrested at her home over the weekend.
She was charged with removing and mailing classified materials to a news outlet, DOJ officials said.
The media has a responsibility to not print materials which will cause unbalanced people to destroy their lives and to show some sense in this James Comey delusional diaries that even this NSA document is fake intelligence based on conjecture.
The deep state is literally creating a leader in Vladimir Putin which the world has never experienced before and can not afford to have for the precedent in leadership which he will set.
Nuff Said
agtG
Why I'm Launching TrumpiLeaks | MICHAEL MOORE
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:26
Friends,
I need one of you to help me. It might get dangerous. It may get us in trouble. But we're running out of time. We must act. It's our patriotic duty.
From the time you opened this letter to the time you get to the bottom of it, there's a decent chance that our President will have violated the constitution, obstructed justice, lied to the American people, encouraged or supported acts of violence, or committed some horrible mistake that would've ended any other politician's career (or sent you or I to jail). And just like all the times he's done so in the past, he will get away with it.
Donald Trump thinks he's above the law. He acts like he's the above the law. He's STATED that he's above the law. And by firing Sally Yates, Preet Bharara and James Comey (3 federal officials with SOME authority to hold him accountable) he's taken the first few steps to make it official.
And yet, we keep hearing the same reaction to President Trump that we heard with candidate Trump after every new revelation or screw up '' ''He's toast!'' ''He can't survive this!'' ''He's finished!''
Make no mistake '' Donald J. Trump has NO intention of leaving the White House until January 20, 2025. How old will you be in 2025? That's how long he plans to be your president. How much damage will have been done to the country and the world by then?
And that is why we must act.
As I've said since the election, we need a four-front strategy to end this carnage: 1. Mass Citizen Action 2. Take Him To Court Nonstop 3. YOU Run for Office 4. An Army of Satire
I'm doing everything that I can, publicly and privately, to aid this effort and I know that you are, too. And while quietly working on my new movie, I came across an old video that inspired me to write you today to ask for help.
In this video, a former congressman is passionately testifying about the importance of whistleblowers and need to protect the First Amendment. He stated:
Enshrined in the First Amendment of the Constitution, we all know, are these words: Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press. The freedom of speech and the press form the bedrock of our democracy by ensuring the free flow of information to the public. Although Thomas Jefferson warned that, ''Our liberty cannot be guarded but by the freedom of the press, nor that limited without danger of losing it,'' today this freedom is under attack.
The young congressman went on to decry the harassment, legal threats and even jailing of American journalists. He continued:
Compelling reporters to testify, and in particular, compelling reporters to reveal the identity of confidential sources, intrudes on the newsgathering process and hurts the public. Without the assurance of confidentiality, many whistleblowers will simply refuse to come forward, and reporters will be unable to provide the American public with the information they need to make decisions as an informed electorate. But with all this focus on newsgathering, it is important that we state clearly: Protecting a journalist's right to keep a news source confidential is not about protecting reporters; it is about protecting the public's right to know.
Indeed, the power and the importance of whistleblowing is part of the American tradition and as old as the republic itself. On July 30, 1778, the Continental Congress voted unanimously for the first whistleblower legislation in the U.S: ''Resolved, That it is the duty of all persons in the service of the United States, as well as all other the inhabitants thereof, to give the earliest information to Congress or other proper authority of any misconduct, frauds or misdemeanors committed by any officers or persons in the service of these states, which may come to their knowledge.''
This legislation came in response to the first known act of whistleblowing in our country's history, when in 1777, 10 revolutionary sailors decided to blow the whistle on a powerful naval officer who participated in the torture of captured British soldiers.
The sailors paid a price. They were sued and jailed for their courageous actions. But in the end, our Founding Fathers agreed that the sailors were doing their patriotic duty by reporting this crime. They made sure their legal fees were covered, protected them from retaliation and unanimously passed the 1778 whistleblower protection law.
Since then, courageous American men and women have put their careers, their freedom and even their lives on the line to report government and corporate wrongdoing. From Karen Silkwood (nuclear safety), Sherron Watkins (Enron) and Jeffrey Wigand (tobacco) in corporate America to Daniel Ellsberg, Chelsea Manning and Edward Snowden revealing government lies, the American whistleblowing tradition remains strong, despite constant attempts to intimidate and stifle these truth tellers.
And this is where I need one of you to help me.
Today, I'm launching TrumpiLeaks, a site that will enable courageous whistleblowers to privately communicate with me and my team. Patriotic Americans in government, law enforcement or the private sector with knowledge of crimes, breaches of public trust and misconduct committed by Donald J. Trump and his associates are needed to blow the whistle in the name of protecting the United States of America from tyranny.
We've put together several tools you can use to securely send information and documents as well as photographs, video and/or audio recordings. While no form of digital communication is 100% secure, the tools we're using at TrumpiLeaks provide the most secure technology possible to protect your anonymity (and if you don't require anonymity, you can just email me here).
I know this is risky. I knew we may get in trouble. But too much is at stake to play it safe. And along with the Founding Fathers, I've got your back.
As for the former congressman quoted above, he's moved on to bigger and better things. His name is Michael Richard Pence, the Vice President of the United States. Who knows, he might even back you up on this, too'...
Yours,
Michael Moore
https://michaelmoore.com/TrumpiLeaks
H2O
Coca-Cola Recalls Dasani Water After Clear Parasite Worm Was Found In Bottles Across U.S.
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 18:41
If you purchase/drink Dasani water you might want to listen up. There has been a major recall by the Coca-Cola company today after several thousand bottles of their drinking water was found to be contaminated with a parasite.
It has sent several hundred people to the hospital and is responsible for parasitic symptoms such as fever, rash, vomiting and stomach bloating.
This comes on the heels of a recent report in which Coca-Cola admitted that Dasani is really just ''purified'' tap water. The corporation admitted in January that their water brand was just purified tap water dressed in a fancy looking bottle. Like many other bottled waters, Dasani is sold at a premium price, and many people perceive it to be superior to tap water '' even though it actually is just tap water.
Even though the majority of the impurities have admittedly been removed from Dasani water, and minerals added back in, these parasites have somehow worked their way into their supposedly ''clean'' water system which has been passed on to the consumer.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has shut down the manufacturing facility and issued a major recall on the brand. Do not drink this water! The FDA is recommending that if you have no choice but to consume the water, you MUST boil the water first to kill the parasite. Otherwise, it will host itself in your stomach lining and intestine and breed offsprings.
[wysija_form id=''1'"]
source: www.news4ktla.com
Trains Good, Planes Bad
Trump seeks to privatize US air traffic control system - The Washington Post
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 19:36
President Donald Trump speaks at a Air Traffic Control Reform Initiative announcement in the East Room at the White House, Monday, June 5, 2017, in Washington. (Andrew Harnik/Associated Press)
WASHINGTON '-- President Donald Trump said Monday that the nation's air traffic control system needed a modern makeover and urged Congress to approve a privatization plan that he said would increase safety and reduce wait times for passengers.
Dismissing the current system as an anachronism, Trump said the air traffic control operations needed to be separated from the Federal Aviation Administration, an approach that U.S. airlines have long championed. But opponents worry that the plan, which would require congressional approval, will give too much power to the airline industries.
''We live in a modern age yet our air traffic control system is stuck, painfully, in the past,'' Trump said, noting the FAA had been working to upgrade the system for years. ''But after billions and billions of tax dollars spent and the many years of delays, we're still stuck with an ancient, broken, antiquated, horrible system that doesn't work.''
Trump added with a touch of humor, ''Other than that, it's quite good.''
The businessman-turned-president's push to privatize the system came as the airline industry and regulators have managed an extensive period of safety in the skies '-- there hasn't been a fatal crash of a domestic airliner in the U.S. in eight years.
Trump chose to make the case to privatize the system at the start of a week focused on repairing the nation's infrastructure of roads, bridges and airports. But his message was overshadowed by his earlier commentary on Twitter, in which he assailed the mayor of London after the city's terror attack and criticized his own Justice Department's handling of his proposed travel ban.
There are about 50,000 airline and other aircraft flights a day in the United States. Both sides of the privatization debate say the system is one of the most complex and safest in the world. Even under a congressional privatization plan, the FAA would continue to provide safety oversight of the system.
As he pushed for the changes, Trump was flanked by three former U.S. transportation secretaries who served under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush: Elizabeth Dole, James Burnley and Mary Peters.
The president's team invited several Republican members of Congress, including Texas Sen. Ted Cruz and House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy of California, airline industry executives, union members and others to the event in the East Room.
And creating the impression of a bill signing, Trump was surrounded by the lawmakers after his remarks as he signed a decision memo and a letter to Congress outlining his principles for the air traffic control plan.
But winning congressional approval would still be an uphill battle for Trump. Democrats have largely opposed the changes, warning that airline interests would dominate the proposed board, overseeing an estimated 300 air traffic facilities and around 30,000 employees.
Democrats have also pointed to the unprecedented safety under the current system and noted repeated computer system failures in recent years by U.S. airlines, questioning whether they are ready to handle complex technology modernizations.
House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California pointed to past opposition from both parties to privatization plans, saying it would ''hand control of one of our nation's most important public assets to special interests and the big airlines.''
Business aircraft operators, private pilots and non-hub airports have also expressed concerns they may pay more and receive less service under a private corporation.
U.S. airlines have lobbied to separate air traffic control from the FAA for two decades and Trump's budget plan released earlier this year called for the changes, placing air traffic operations under an ''independent, non-governmental organization.''
White House officials said the new entity would be overseen by a 13-member board that will include members from the airline industry, unions, general aviation, airports and other stakeholders.
Airlines contend the FAA's NextGen program to modernize the air traffic system is taking too long and has produced too few benefits. The changes would involve moving from the current system, based on radar and voice communications, to one based on satellite navigation and digital communications.
''The president's leadership means that we can look forward to legislation that gets government out of the way so we can modernize for the future and maintain our global leadership in aviation,'' said Nicholas Calio, president of Airlines for America, which represents American, United, Southwest and others.
__
Associated Press writers Joan Lowy and David Koenig contributed to this report.
__
On Twitter follow Ken Thomas at https://twitter.com/KThomasDC
Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Reason Foundation - Inspector General Report Shows FAA Is Failing and Why a Non-Profit Should Manage Air Traffic Control
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 21:27
Air traffic control reform is necessary to bring our nation's navigational systems into the modern era to enhance safety and improve the flying experience for consumers. The Federal Aviation Administration's Inspector General's new report makes it clear that keeping things the way they are is not acceptable. It is disappointing that some in the general aviation community would defend the status quo and fight efforts to restructure the FAA so that a federally chartered not-for-profit, independent organization can focus on modernizing and streamlining air traffic control operations.
The Facts About Air Traffic Control Reform
No one is proposing that the United States adopt a system like that one in the United Kingdom; the proposal is more closely modeled on Nav Canada, but it is important to note that a proposal developed by the leadership of Congress' Transportation & Infrastructure Committee will be specifically designed for the U.S. airspace and stakeholders.
William Garvey, editor in chief of Business & Commercial Aviation, recently noted that when Canada transferred its air traffic control operations to Nav Canada in 1996, that transition was ''watched with keen interest [in the U.S.] with dire predictions '... that airlines would take control, that fees would price general and business aviation out of the system, and that the executives would richly reward themselves.'' That, however, is not what happened, according to Rudy Toering, president and CEO of the Canadian Business Aviation Association. In fact, he said the system ''has turned into a little bit of a jewel for Canada.''
Congressmen Sam Graves and Todd Rokita, leaders in general aviation, recently wrote in The Hill:
''It is true that our nation's airspace is complex, and also that our general aviation presence is the largest in the world. But that does not preclude us from designing an Air Traffic Control Organization that is superior to any system in existence today. To say it cannot be done is to challenge the very fiber of American ingenuity. We must adopt our own way that meets the unique needs of our system and its users while continuing to operate the safest air traffic control system in the world.''
Here's what proponents of air traffic control reform are calling for:
The creation of a federally chartered not-for-profit, independent organization to oversee all aspects of air traffic control. This organization will remain under the oversight of the appropriate federal agency.Board members will be nominated by aviation stakeholders and the federal government, including employee unions and air passengers.The new organization will be self-funded by airlines through a sliding scale of user fees based on their use of the system, which will end the current federal ticket taxes that consumers pay.The proposed restructuring changes the FAA's governance and financing, which will alleviate the inordinate amount of system-stress that impacts recruiting, training and retention of air traffic controllers. Over the last five years, the FAA has missed its hiring goals, and more than 3,000 controllers are expected to retire in the coming years, putting a serious strain on current employees.Here are just a few of the findings from the FAA's Inspector General that make significant reforms impossible so long as the status quo remains:
[T]he DOT IG found that FAA's air traffic facility footprint has remained essentially unchanged at 317 air traffic facilities, and the agency has not taken advantage of opportunities to reduce its facility costs. Notably, since 2000, the agency has not converted any of its FAA-operated towers to the Federal Contract Tower Program, despite its recognition of potential cost savings (in 2012, the DOT IG found that a contract tower costs on average about $1.5 million less to operate than a comparable FAA tower).FAA's major acquisitions since the creation of the ATO continue to experience performance issues. Six programs experienced cost increases totaling $692 million and schedule delays averaging 25 months.--Notwithstanding reforms, the DOT IG found that several underlying and systemic issues, including overambitious plans, shifting requirements, software development problems, ineffective contract and program management, and unreliable cost and schedule estimates, impact FAA's ability to introduce new technologies and capabilities that are critical to transitioning to NextGen.
A non-profit air traffic control entity would be well suited to fix those flaws, and others, plaguing the ATC system because it would free the system from political micromanagement, liberate it from the federal budget process, and enable it to replace a bureaucratic culture with a serve-the-customers business culture.
Robert Poole is Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow and Director of Transportation Policy at the Reason Foundation and a former senior advisor to four U.S. presidents and the FAA.
Robert Poole is Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow and Director of Transportation Policy
Fake News
How the Trump-Russia Data Machine Games Google to Fool Americans :: Politics :: Features :: Fake News :: Paste
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:18
A year ago I was part of a digital marketing team at a tech company. We were maybe the fifth largest company in our particular industry, which was drones. But we knew how to game Google, and our site was maxed out. We did our research and geared the content for the major keywords that we knew people used most frequently when they were shopping for drones or researching drones or looking for drone video. We knew our audience: their buying habits, their interests, ages, geography, etc., and soon our Google results were up there with a company that was literally an order of magnitude bigger than we were. A few months later, we were beating them at Google.
Our sales reflected this nearly immediately, but perhaps more importantly, we were perceived as being much bigger and more influential than we actually were. It was unfair and fair at the same time. It's just how that game is played, everywhere.
But then the giants wised up, poured a ton of people and money into it and squashed us.
Thing is, it doesn't take all that much to do what we did. Ask any digital marketer. You just need a little experience and a whole lot of time and money. I'm not going to get into the weeds of SEO (search engine optimization). But I am going to say something that sounds completely insane, and warn you that we're in the middle of something we've never experienced in America: a full-on psychological war. And Google, of all places, is a main battlefield.
I'm going to show you one specific weapon in this war that's being used against you and me and the United States right now: Google. There are other information weapons, such as bots and fake news sites, but other stories have those pretty well covered. But before we get started, though, two things to keep in mind:
First, most of us don't even know we're in this war yet. You don't know when you've been wounded, when you've been killed. And that's the whole point: You're not supposed to.
Second, the attacks in this war aren't aimed at your enemies. You attack your own side.
Independence Is Division
First: Why this is important. Why this is a war.
Google, whether you're aware of it or not, is a total slaughterhouse. Trump's data team (he's reportedly set up a ''war room'' to combat the Russia story) has weaponized information, and for about a year now has been slaying American brains: Trump supporters' brains. It started with the election, then died down, but now it's coming back, vengeful and desperate.
As a result, we're at a pivotal point not just in the life of our democracy, but in how we think, read, and make choices. Selective information is being presented to us in a way that encourages selective reading and offers psychological and social rewards for, to put it bluntly, being stupid and submissive and spreading stupid to submit others.
This is, of course, about the truth, and about the cognitive and emotional vulnerabilities of Americans. This is nothing new for propagandists. What's different now is that this propaganda is being gamed by professionals in a massive, orchestrated data campaign at a volume, pace, and consistency that not only muddies the truth, but completely eclipses the truth. Destroys the very notion of truth.
I can describe it in no other terms but a war.
The truth about the truth is that we believe because we want to, because our ability to think independently is a point of pride for Americans. The people behind the curtain are telling us the same story we tell ourselves about ourselves. But this is also a vulnerability: Independence is in its purist form a kind of division. If you exploit it the right way, you can turn a democracy against itself. If I think about this for too long I grow terrified and want to take everyone's computer away. But it might be too late.
Beyond the Bots: Trump's Twitter Toupee
The past few days, we've seen some good reporting about the surge of Trump bots on social media. (Bots are automated, non-human accounts.) And though he didn't, as some people have claimed, net five million new Twitter followers in three days (though he did gain three million in May), nearly half of his followers, a full 49 percent, aren't real people.
That's right: Trump is being followed by 15 million robots.
The Washington Post just ran a pretty cowardly piece about Trump's bot following. They titled it ''Something Fishy Is Going on with Trump's Twitter Account,'' but didn't say why this fishiness mattered in the first place. Who really cares if his followers are fake? So what if he wears a Twitter toupee? (A Twoupee, if you will.) We're used to that from Trump.
Here's where WaPo wouldn't, for some reason, go: those bots aren't just digital codpieces. They're attack vectors for weaponized information. What does that mean?
Misinfotainment
When we think about the Russian attacks during the election, most of us probably think of the DNC hacks, Podesta, and the steady drips from WikiLeaks of that stolen information. If you hate Hillary Clinton, I'm sure that at some point in the past nine months you've said something like, ''Well, who cares how that information got out there, it's the truth!''
I won't argue. Instead, I'd like to point out that's not the whole story. According not just to me and FAKE NEWS! reports, but to the declassified U.S. intelligence report on Russian subversion in the 2016 election, the attacks included weaponizing false information (what ''fake news'' really is: stuff that's entirely made up; pure fiction) and creating real-seeming sites to host this fake news. So no, the whole hacking effort was not just publishing ''the truth'' about Clinton. Much of it was publishing fake news. Or, perhaps more dangerously, misleading news.
This brings us to Google today. A couple weeks ago I saw an insane person on my Facebook feed screaming about how Obama had leaked classified information about the Bin Laden raid that got people killed. What the fuck? I'd never heard anything about this, and the raid was six years ago, and this guy was a total right-wing crackpot, which is the trifecta for guaranteeing at least fifteen full minutes of batshit conspiracy theory misinfotainment. So I duly Googled ''obama classified information bin laden.'' If you do that right now, here's what you get.
WHAAAAAT?! Obama's mouth killed people! Media is libturd hypocrites!
Let's ignore the criminal level of stupidity for a minute. Look instead at the dates on those articles. May 16 and 17 of this year. This year. The Bin Laden raid, again, was six fucking years ago. What's happening here? Why are all these different white nationalist news sites suddenly writing about this together? Why did they start doing it on May 16? Why do those articles even exist?
Well, on May 15, you might remember, The Washington Post broke this little gem: President Trump shared top secret intel with the Russian Foreign Minister and Russian Ambassador. In the Oval Office. In front of Russian state media.
Whoops-a-daisy!
The right-wing bullshit factory lurched to life. These outlets launched a broad ''what about?'' attack, a coordinated attack, on Obama and the left. That bullshit story about Obama's ''dangerous'' classified ''leak'' suddenly broke throughout the right-wing media sphere. Some of these articles are even cut-and-paste jobs. There's no effort here, just content. Tons of content, made quickly, made together, all spewing the same lies, but optimized.
But if you'll notice the bottom of that results page, there's a single redeeming link: PolitiFact. Thing is, it's at the bottom. But Alexa, a service that ranks all websites around the world based on their traffic, ranks PolitiFact much higher (~10,000) than the hit just above it, ''trumptrainnews.com'' (~128,000). Shouldn't such a gap work in PolitiFact's favor?
It doesn't. And it doesn't work in your favor, either.
Let Me Google That for You
Now let's see exactly what's up here. Together, we're going to Google the phrase ''trump no evidence collusion.'' (And because Google searches change over time, I'll drop screenshots of my results here.) What will emerge is a picture of an invisible hand writing a specific argument, over and over and over. That hand belongs to Robert Mercer, Trump's data man, who gamed Google and fake news during the campaign and whose return to the scene is heralded by Trump's war room and bot boom. If you want, you can read more about this crazyAF, richAF, crackpot genius with a heart of shit.
Before we begin, though, we need to establish the fact that this statement is a lie: ''There's no evidence of collusion!'' The reason I'm using this specific example is because this highly nuanced claim is the perfect loophole to exploit for misinformation, to shade the truth as lie and get away with it clean.
The truth: no one in the intelligence community and no one on any of the Congressional committees looking into this thing, be they Democrat or Republican, none of them have said categorically, flat-out, ''There is no evidence of collusion.'' Period. People investigating the case will only go so far as to say they haven't seen any evidence. Or that there hasn't been any evidence made available to them yet. But they don't ever say there flat-out isn't any evidence of collusion. Ever. Read this if you don't believe me.
Back to the Googs. Here's what I saw when I Googled ''trump no evidence collusion'' on the afternoon of May 29.
How many mainstream sites do you see on the first page? Zero. Let's go to page two.
Ah! There, buried under InfoWars and National Review and The Blaze and not one, not two, but three pieces from The Free Beacon, we finally find good old Reuters! And, lo: the good old Washington Post! And what about The Failing New York Times? Truly failing. Here's page three:
Uh. Page four?
Nope. The New York Fucking Times doesn't pop up until page five. Ahead of it: Lifezette; Talking Points Memo; The Blaze; The Daily Caller; something called ntknetwork; constitution.com; GOP.com; GatewayPundit; the aptly named NewsBusters; TownHall.com; and, kings of kings, Breitbart and InfoWars.
And when I googled the search term the night of May 31, as I'm writing this, it's even worse. The Washington Post, which had a page two hit on May 29, is now at the bottom of page four.
Now, to state the obvious, the way those results are ordered isn't exactly organic. Alexa ranks the NYT at 120 globally; WaPo at 190. Now, what about the illustrious townhall.com, which had not one but two hits on page one? It's ranked at 9,109. In other words, those first four pages (four full pages of synchronized bullshit) are evidence of a massive and centrally managed strategic misinformation campaign being waged on your brain.
These dozens of sites are all peddling the same lie with articles published at the same time. So if you wondered whether there really was collusion and wanted to dig into the Googs to get your story straight, you'd be overwhelmed by four fucking pages of what look like news sites telling you that even Democrats say there's flat-out no evidence of collusion. So why the fuck, you ask, are we wasting our time and resources attacking poor, duly-elected President Trump on false pretenses?
But again, the truth of this statement is trickier. No? Funnily enough, even these crackpot websites agree. Here are a few screenshots. If you read closely (which they're betting you won't) they all include the proper, honest caveats: no evidence YET; no one says they've SEEN evidence; etc. I've highlighted them here so you can get a feel for their strategic invisibility: you don't notice the quiet spot for all the noise around it.
See? You'd either miss this caveat altogether, or you'd forget about it or write it off as meaningless or some kind of error. It's so small, after all. This is completely forgivable: It's a human vulnerability. I exhibit it. Everyone does. We want to be right. We trust our brains. We believe in ourselves, in our capacity to execute sound, independent judgment. But this is the very thing that's being strategically exploited on a truly massive scale. This is a scheme to generate an overwhelming amount of misinformation, not just to combat a more nuanced truth, but to marginalize the truth, to weaken it, to BURY it underneath your own misplaced convictions about yourself.
We're being flattered into stupidity. Here's how it works.
How The SEOsage Is Made
First: Create content that subtly masks the truth.
Second: Shape that content into something people will share.
Third: Make it identical, and make a ton of it.
Fourth: Flood the internet with that content.
Fifth: Flood the internet with that content.
Six: Flood the fucking internet with that content.
The Google algorithm orders its search results, among other ways, by popular keywords used, publish date, and how many other links point to your site. You can do things to max out your keyword SEO, like I did in my last job, but the results we're seeing here, their consistency, the thoroughness of their victory, and the standardization of the messaging all requires a well-funded, well-coordinated effort. Ask any digital marketing expert: This is an organization of writers and data geeks who are paid handsomely to spend all day churning out content, pointing readers from one site to another, and using social media bots as vectors to beam this misinformation out to micro-targeted demographics.
It's a truly amazing operation. Time Magazine did an outstanding piece of reporting on this quite recently. So did The Guardian, here. Those pieces will scare the shit out of you. If they don't, I'm afraid you're an unwitting casualty of this war.
Why aren't Democrats paying people to do this kind of thing with the truth? No idea. None. They can do it, just like that other company crushed us, but they haven't learned.
How it works? Begin with some research. Find out which keywords people are using most frequently to dig up the kinds of stories you want to warp and feed them. Words like evidence; Trump; collusion; Comey; Clapper; Yates; Russia; etc. Then create an alternate narrative that deflects from the mainstream news and that can work independently of time: One you can bring back whenever you need it. Some examples: Benghazi; emails; Butobama.
Now, importantly, we need to make it highly shareable. Why do people tell other people things? Because they want to inform them, meaning ultimately they want to feel and look smart. You can flatter people into thinking they're smart by offering ''new'' information that ''the other side'' is hiding or not covering at all. You can flatter them into ignorance in the name of independence, flatter them into stupidity in the name of being smart.
That kind of content, as proven, will spread like wildfire.
Now sync that messaging across a shit-ton of ''news'' sites. Link to each other. Max out that SEO. Drop a ton of money into adsense. Create as much synchronized content around your keywords as possible. Then publish. Then update and publish again. And again. And again.
Because time also matters.
Take one of those townhall.com page one hits, for instance. As mentioned earlier, I first noticed this bullshit on May 29. I'm writing this at about 10:30 p.m.-ish on May 31, yet this search result shows that the townhall.com article about the evidence of collusion is now only one day old. Here's a screenshot of the same search terms, current time and date up at the top. Behold! James Clapper has become unstuck in time:
Why do these stories keep showing up? Well, they're not exactly the same stories. These sites are so shitty and unpopular that the stories would drop off almost immediately if left to their own devices. So the sites must continually update/rewrite/tweak/republish again and again so the Google algorithm thinks they're new. (Google also prioritizes newness.)
And look: James Clapper's testimony was weeks ago, yet these articles read like they're breaking a new story. And they're only a few hours old. The Post and the Times, however, aren't spending their resources on this stuff. They have responsibilities to keep up with the real news. And so do we, as citizens. But these psycho-dipshit crawlspaces don't have that burden, and they're betting you don't want it, either.
The Burden
I want to remind you, at the end of this technical stuff, that we're talking about something critical: How our brains work determines how our tribes are formed and behave, which determines how our society functions, or doesn't.
Because check this out: Who do these weapons target? These sites are havens for people who already support Trump or who already hate the left. The psychological weapon of misinformation is therefore perhaps unique in that it's intended primarily for use against your ''allies,'' to further entrench or indoctrinate them in your camp.
The result? The American psyche is being transformed. Truthfully, it already has been. We've entered a new political, philosophical, social, and cultural era. People don't seem to understand yet, or aren't willing to face it, but reality is completely malleable. Even in America.
After all, the only things that can be true to you (that is, capital-T ''True'') is what you choose to believe about the world around you. You get to make that choice yourself. For some of us it's a freedom. Others a burden. Trump's crew and the right wing elite have understood this for years. Hell, the Russian people have lived with this for decades. We're no match. We're soft targets. All a propagandist has to do is link our identity to our beliefs. Once that's accomplished, your identity anchors your beliefs. But then you start to see there's this huge web of believers out there, and a common identity begins to shape up. A tribe emerges. Never mind that half of them are robots: You're not giving up who you are. And so if your beliefs define who you are, as a person and as a member of a tribe, there's nothing in the world short of an existential cataclysm that will ever, ever get you to change your mind.
If you don't want to.
Which reminds me: Ironically enough, these sheep sites bleating that there's no evidence of collusion are themselves evidence of collusion. Buried somewhere in that Time Magazine article is a real scoop: The FBI is investigating Robert Mercer's data firm, Cambridge Analytica, along with Breitbart News for colluding with Russia to spread misinformation and manipulate the hearts and minds of micro-targeted Americans during the 2016 campaign. The question here is, how do we react? Will we snap out of it and be able to change course, once this truth is out there on the table? Or will this truth be so painful, so humiliating, so devastating to our identities that it sends us running straight for the warmth of the barrels gunning us down?
SJW BLM LGBBTQQIAAP
The proportion of men on college campuses is dropping
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:28
John Maxwell is curious about the world and freely shares, in casual conversation, tidbits of English history. Yet he says he'll never again set foot in a college classroom.
''I consider myself mostly self-taught and I just believe I should cut my own path in life,'' said the 24-year-old Maxwell, who dropped out of Littleton's Araphoe Community College after one semester.
Maxwell said he didn't want to waste his parents' money on college work that held little or no interest to him.
''I just wanted to see what I wanted to do with my life and college was never a part of that,'' said Maxwell, currently an employee at a Parker liquor store. ''It might cost me financially down the road, but I never really saw myself as getting rich anyway. So I don't see it as much of a loss.''
Maxwell is among a generation of young men who increasingly are turning their backs on colleges, universities and the associated degrees '-- either dropping out of upper-level learning or never considering it a viable option.
Some of the young men shunning campus say they don't want to take on massive student-loan debt.
''If you don't want to go to college you can go to a trade school and come away with something and not be on the hook for $150,000,'' said 28-year-old Adam Stark, who dropped out of college and now is thriving in the music business in Denver.
Others say the campus environment has become testy, even hostile, toward men. ''You definitely get the sense you are the problem,'' said Maxwell. ''One woman once told me that she could use statistics to determine how many of my friends were rapists.''
Whatever the reason, enrollment data show men are becoming less of a presence on college campuses both in Colorado and across the United States.
A higher percentage of Colorado's female high school graduates than male graduates were enrolled in college from 2009 through 2015, according to state records. In 2015, 61.2 percent of Colorado's recent female high school graduates attended college in the fall, compared to 51.8 percent of male graduates, according to the Colorado Department of Higher Education.
A similar trend is occurring nationally. Although more people than ever are attending college, the ratio of male to female students is nearly 1:2. Compare that to 1960, when there were 1.6 males for every female graduating from a U.S. four-year college and 1.55 males for every female undergraduate, according to the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Today, women hold almost 60 percent of all bachelor degrees, and women now account for almost half of students in law, medical and business graduate programs.
Meanwhile, over the past decade about 30 percent of male college students have dropped out during their freshman year, according to education consultant and blogger Daniel Riseman. He is among those in higher education circles that calls the declining number of college males a ''silent epidemic.''
''For two decades, I have helped hundreds of young men and women navigate college admissions,'' Riseman said. ''While none of my female students have dropped out, several male students return home without degrees and often with a sense of disappointment and despair.''
Kim Hunter Reed, new executive director of the Colorado Department of Higher Education, says the issue of males eschewing college demands more study.
''This is very concerning to me,'' Hunter Reed said. Young men '-- like all students, she emphasized '-- need support from a variety of groups to thrive in higher education.
''The most successful have a sense of place in college,'' she said.
Stark, 28, studied computer science for a year and a half before leaving Metro State University to study on his own.
Now a software engineer for a music company in Denver, Stark also DJs at some of the area's most notable nightclubs. ''What I was getting in the classroom just didn't jibe with me. I felt I could teach myself on the Internet,'' he said.
He worked a fast-food job and then took a corporate gig to support himself while he studied on his own. The alternative, he said, was to work four years to get a bachelor's degree and then another year or two to earn a master's degree, then ''go to work for some huge company and go home at night and live my life with my family. And that just didn't sound appealing to me at the time.''
He thinks women his age are facing the same pressures that men did in the 1950s and 1960s to stay in school, get a degree and get a good job to set them up for life.
''Maybe there is more pressure on women now to go the traditional route and contribute to society,'' he said.
Stark is quick to warn that his route was not the easiest. He got kicked out of his family home, and worked hard to get interviews, study and keep himself afloat before he acquired enough skills to land a decent paycheck. ''What I did was not for everybody,'' he said.
Observers say many young men delude themselves into thinking they are one idea away from being the next Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. They think they can make a fortune without a college degree, said Riseman. ''As a result, they enter college with little sense of purpose and end up failing out,'' he said. ''While these dropouts imagine they can succeed without a degree, successful start-ups are rare.''
While young men without degrees, in general, land higher-paying jobs than their female peers, many of the top-paying jobs are in high-risk industries like oil and gas or manufacturing. ''What happens to that high school graduate or dropout 10, 20, 30 years later?'' said James Shelley, director of the Men's Resource Center at Lakeland Community College in Kirtland, Ohio.
Lakeland Community College boasts one of the country's few men's centers. Shelley says he has focused his work on the widening gender gap on U.S. campuses because the issue has received little attention.
He believes the ''cleansing of boy behavior'' in elementary and secondary schools and boys' more independent learning style all discourage traditional college classroom work. Date rape prevention programs, although well-intentioned, also scare men away from campuses, Shelley said. The programs ''welcome young men to college by essentially telling them that they are potential rapists,'' Shelley said.
But, he said, many men are not doing enough to help themselves. ''When I walk the hallways of my college, the young men generally look less mature than the women. With their baseball caps and baggy pants, they look like overgrown 12-year-old boys, not 18- to 24-year-old men,'' Shelley said.
Amy Wilkins, a University of Colorado associate professor of sociology, does not buy the idea that men are being picked on in college.
Women have to work harder in classrooms to get degrees and jobs where they will be paid less than their male counterparts, she said. ''College is still so much of a man's game, it's so much easier for them,'' said Wilkins. ''If you are a smart woman you learn very quickly you are not supposed to act smart in college.''
To say that men have it tougher these days on campus, she said, is ''ludicrous.''
But Wilkins, who has a 17-year-old son, is sympathetic to the fears many young men face in an ever-changing world.
''I think friends of my son's age are more afraid of economic instability that they let on,'' she said. ''They talk a big game about going out and doing things on their own, but I don't think they believe it deep down inside.''
Hate Trumps Love
CNN Host Reza Aslan Calls President Trump: ''Piece of Sh*t'' and ''Stain On The Presidency'''... | The Last Refuge
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:43
CNN Host Reza Aslan responded to President Trump calling for enhance national security and VISA screening measures by saying:
There's a current meme playing out on social media saying: ''CNN is ISIS'', following the beheading of President Trump by another CNN host Kathy Griffin. Apparently there's something in the water at CNN production HQ which seems to find it appropriate to broadcast their ideological political violence.
It is often noted the most extreme forms of political violence emanate from liberals and progressives who are on the totalitarian left. Freedom is antithetical to modern expressed liberal logic which prefers the collective of big government.
CNN is nothing more than the most recent visible representation of that reality/truism.
Advertisements
It's Time to Demand Donald Trump's Resignation - Rolling Stone
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 01:12
How many times in the 19-and-a-half weeks since January 20th have you needed to remind yourself to breathe, to remain calm, not to panic? Do you regularly tell yourself it can't possibly be as bad as you think? Are you worried you're overreacting?
You aren't. It's as bad as you think, and possibly worse. We've elected a president who isn't just unqualified for the job but who actively hurts the United States every day. Your palms should be clammy with fear.
I'm not just speaking to my fellow liberal snowflakes. I guarantee you the conservatives and Republicans who have been shaking their heads quietly as their president sticks his gnarled foot in his enormous mouth have started to feel the silent creep of fear crawl up the backs of their necks too.
It has gotten that bad. He is that bad. He's a toddler, but with less empathy and self-control.
Over the last few days, Trump has shown himself to be more unfit than ever before and made it clear he has no business remaining in the White House for even one additional day. Let's take a brief stroll through the Twitter feed of the current president of the United States.
Trump reacted to terrorist attacks with false bravado and genuine stupidity long before becoming president. But since January, optimists have hoped the enormity of his responsibilities would bring out his better nature. They didn't realize he doesn't have one.
Saturday's London Bridge attack in particular seems to have shorted something in the president's brain. The United Kingdom's strict gun control laws likely kept more dangerous weapons out of the hands of the terrorists, saving countless lives. (Meanwhile, in Orlando Monday, a law-abiding gun owner walked into his former workplace and murdered five people before killing himself.)
Trump then took to Twitter to attack the mayor of London '' who is Muslim '' taking out of context a quote urging citizens not to be alarmed by increased police presence.
The president attacking the mayor of the largest city of our closest ally in the wake of a terror attack is just as horrific as you think it is. It is unthinking, unhinged and unkind. In a moment when any remotely normal human being would be offering sympathy and help, Trump has only bile to offer.
Just like you, the lawyers in the office of the solicitor general are probably reminding themselves not to panic on a daily basis. Five separate times this week, Trump tweeted the words "TRAVEL BAN" to describe the, well, travel bans he signed directed at Muslim-majority countries.
Trump's own spokesman has insisted the executive order is "not a travel ban" because calling it a "ban" is a legal disaster for the administration, which has failed so far in defending the policy in court. Trump's rhetoric only makes his lawyers' job more difficult, but he doesn't care. Instead of doing the prudent thing and not talking about an ongoing legal case, Trump is making it virtually impossible to win, choosing to throw a tantrum in public instead.
As late as Tuesday morning, Trump's Twitter unraveling continued. The decision by Saudi Arabia and other Middle East nations to cut ties with Qatar is, to understate matters, a diplomatic situation of extreme delicacy. Instead of handling the situation with even a modicum of common sense, Trump took sides on Twitter.
Attacking established adversaries like Iran or North Korea is one thing. Qatar hosts the largest American military base in the Middle East. Jumping into the fray to attack the nation is beyond stupid; it endangers the 11,000 members of the U.S. armed forces who live there.
I'm not going to speculate on the mental health of the president. I'm not qualified, and ultimately I'm not certain it matters whether these extraordinary lapses in judgment are the result of dementia, pathological narcissism, sociopathy or just a shitty personality. What matters is what the president of the United States is saying publicly, every day, and the extraordinary damage he is doing to the nation and its people.
There is only one sensible reaction to Trump's antics: for members of Congress and influential conservatives to demand he resign.
You and I both know he's not leaving the White House willingly, or at least not anytime soon. But this is no longer anything approaching a close call. The things the president says and writes, in public, are more than enough evidence to declare him grossly unfit for a job as a tollbooth operator, let alone as the most powerful person in the world.
Many of the Republicans defending him in Congress and on TV see his tweets and know he's crossed the line. They'll keep defending him; they're too afraid of primary elections in their own districts to take a strong line against Trump.
But they should reconsider. Whatever is causing Trump to unravel, it's putting the rest of us in serious danger. The continued spectacle of the Russia investigation is only fueling his descent. Why wait for it to unfold further? The best-case scenario is dragging the nation through a prolonged impeachment ordeal. If not, we have to wait until 2021 to replace him with a responsible and decent human being '' assuming he doesn't get us all killed by then.
There's a better way. Start the discussion now. Call on Trump to step down. Hell, if you're a Republican, you end up with President Mike Pence, and you probably love Mike Pence. I can't stand the guy, but at least he won't start World War III with an ill-advised 4 a.m. tweet.
It would take enormous, sustained pressure from both sides of the aisle to convince Trump to resign the presidency. It's possible it would never work. The delicate bubble of ego that Trump keeps overinflated around himself never allows errors to reach his muddled mind. Stepping down would be admitting a failure on an enormous scale, and admitting failure is the one thing Trump won't do.
But whether you're a liberal or a conservative or somewhere in between, if you care about your country '' really care about the greatness of America '' it's clear Trump can no longer be president. And urging him to step down now is the only option we have to get him out quickly.
Besides, think of how much more golf he'd get to play.
Whether Trump eventually will be forced out of office is as much a political question as it is a legal one. Find out how impeaching him would work. Watch here.
How Impeaching Trump Would WorkRanked on a scale from 1 to 10, the trending score reflects the number of users reading a story in real time. What is this?
Memes
Harvard bars students for posting 'obscene memes' - BBC News
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:53
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Harvard administrators asked students to explain their contributions to the chat group "Obscene" memes posted on a private Facebook page have cost 10 students their place at Harvard, reports the college's newspaper.
The students posted messages joking about child abuse, sexual assault, paedophilia and the Holocaust.
Members of the group also directed several racial slurs at minorities, said the report.
Free speech advocates criticised Harvard's actions saying the punishment was "draconian".
Information about Harvard's actions was reported by the Crimson - the main student newspaper at the prestigious college.
The obscene material was posted to a chat forum on Facebook that grew out of a messaging group set up by students due to start studying at Harvard this year.
The offshoot group was formed by prospective students who were interested in memes and who wanted to share more "adult" material than was seen in the main chat room. Anyone wanting to join the sub-group had to apply by creating and posting a "provocative" meme.
Soon after the group was formed, Harvard administrators found out about it and launched an investigation asking students to explain their contributions to the chat group.
A week later, said the report, "at least 10" members of the group were told that their admission offers to Harvard had been withdrawn.
In a statement to the Crimson, a spokeswoman for Harvard said it did "not comment publicly on the admissions status of individual applicants".
Prof Alan Dershowitz, who lectures at the Harvard Law School, said the college had gone too far in withdrawing the offer of admission. He told the Guardian that the institution had been "intruding too deeply" into the private lives of students by censoring communications protected by free speech laws.
The decision could have long-term consequences for the students involved, he warned.
"It may affect them for life," he said.
EuroLand
Huge Coalition Protests EU Mandatory Piracy Filter Proposals - TorrentFreak
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:04
The EFF, Creative Commons, Wikimedia, Mozilla and sixty other groups are protesting proposals by the EU to force service providers to police copyrighted content. Article 13 would require sites to introduce piracy filters and content recognition systems but the groups describe the plans as backward looking, damaging, and ill thought through.
Last September, EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker announced plans to modernize copyright law in Europe.
The proposals (pdf) are part of the Digital Single Market reforms, which have been under development for the past several years.
The proposals cover a broad range of copyright-related issues, but one stands out as being particularly controversial. Article 13 requires certain online service providers to become deeply involved in the detection and policing of allegedly infringing copyright works, uploaded to their platforms by users.
Although its effects will likely be more broad, the proposal is targeted at the so-called ''value gap'' (1,2,3), i.e the notion that platforms like YouTube are able to avoid paying expensive licensing fees (for music in particular) by exploiting the safe harbor protections of the DMCA and similar legislation.
To close this loophole using Article 13, services that provide access to ''large amounts'' of user-uploaded content would be required to cooperate with rightsholders to prevent infringing works being communicated to the public.
This means that platforms like YouTube would be forced to take measures to ensure that their deals with content providers to distribute official content are protected by aggressive anti-piracy mechanisms.
The legislation would see platforms forced to deploy content-recognition, filtering and blocking mechanisms, to ensure that only non-infringing content is uploaded in the first place, thus limiting the chances that unauthorized copyrighted content will be made available to end users.
Supporters argue that the resulting decrease in availability of infringing content will effectively close the ''value gap'' but critics see the measures as disproportionate, likely to result in censorship (no provision for fair use), and a restriction of fundamental freedoms. Indeed, there are already warnings that such a system would severely ''restrict the way Europeans create, share, and communicate online.''
The proposals have predictably received widespread support from entertainment industry companies across the EU and the United States, but there are now clear signs that the battle lines are being drawn.
On one side are the major recording labels, movie studios, and other producers. On the other, companies and platforms that will suddenly become more liable for infringing content, accompanied by citizens and scholars who feel that freedoms will be restricted.
The latest sign of the scale of opposition to Article 13 manifests itself in an open letter to the European Parliament. Under the Copyright for Creativity (C4C) banner and signed by the EFF, Creative Commons, Wikimedia, Mozilla, EDRi, Open Rights Group plus sixty other organizations, the letter warns that the proposals will cause more problems than they solve.
''The European Commission's proposal on copyright in the Digital Single Market failed to meet the expectations of European citizens and businesses. Instead of supporting Europeans in the digital economy, it is backward looking,'' the groups say.
''We need European lawmakers to oppose the most damaging aspects of the proposal, but also to embrace a more ambitious agenda for positive reform.''
In addition to opposing Article 11 (the proposed Press Publishers' Right), the groups ask the EU Parliament not to impose private censorship on EU citizens via Article 13.
''The provision on the so-called 'value gap' is designed to provoke such legal uncertainty that online services will have no other option than to monitor, filter and block EU citizens' communications if they want to have any chance of staying in business,'' the groups write.
''The Commission's proposal misrepresents some European Court rulings and seeks to impose contradictory obligations on Member States. This is simply bad regulation.''
Calling for the wholesale removal of Article 13 from the copyright negotiations, the groups argue that the reforms should be handled in the appropriate contexts.
''We strenuously oppose such ill thought through experimentation with intermediary liability, which will hinder innovation and competition and will reduce the opportunities available to all European businesses and citizens,'' they add.
C4C concludes by calling on lawmakers to oppose Article 13 while seeking avenues for positive reform.
The full letter can be found here (pdf)
Mandatory Piracy Filters May Violate EU Law, Scholars Warn - TorrentFreak
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:04
A group of prominent legal scholars has warned that the EU Commission's plans to modernize copyright law in Europe appear to be incompatible with EU law. One of the main problems is the mandatory piracy filter Internet services are required to use, which largely ignore existing case law and human rights.
Last September, the European Commission published its long-awaited proposal to modernize EU copyright law. Among other things, it will require online services to do more to fight piracy.
Specifically, Article 13 of the proposed Copyright Directive requires online services to monitor and filter pirated content, in collaboration with rightsholders.
This means that online services, which deal with large volumes of user-uploaded content, must use fingerprinting or other detection mechanisms to block copyright infringing files.
''The Commission proposal obliges such service providers to take appropriate and proportionate measures to ensure the protection of user-uploaded works, for example by putting in place content recognition technologies,'' the Commission explained.
The Commission stressed that the changes are needed to reinforce the negotiating position of copyright holders, so they can sign licensing agreements with services that provide access to user-uploaded content.
However, the proposal is drawing wide criticism from the public, digital rights activists, and legal scholars. Just recently, a group of legal experts bundled several of their main concerns in a paper.
TorrentFreak spoke with Dr. Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon, Associate Professor in IT and IP law at the University of Southampton, who is one of the authors of the paper.
Stalla-Bourdillon and her colleagues warn that, in its current form, the proposal goes against existing EU law.
For one, the general obligation to monitor the content that users are transmitting, directly opposes Article 15 of the E-Commerce Directive. This article prohibits general monitoring obligations for service providers.
''Such an obligation [to monitor contents] goes against Article 15 of the E-commerce Directive, which prevents Member States from imposing upon intermediary providers general monitoring obligations,'' she notes.
More importantly, the legal scholars also note that the filtering requirement also contradict Articles 8 and 11 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. These articles protect people's freedom of expression and access to information, as well as their personal data.
Both articles were also cited in the Netlog filtering case that went before the EU Court of Justice (CJEU) a few years ago. At the time, the Court held that requiring an online platform to install broad piracy filters is incompatible with EU law.
In the proposed Copyright Directive the filters will be put in place in collaboration with rightsholders. However, that doesn't change the fact that the human rights dimension is largely ignored.
''Requiring that filtering systems be put in place in collaboration with rightholders is not enough to eliminate these human rights challenges,'' Stalla-Bourdillon says.
''The CJEU did not imply in Netlog that if the database of protected works was produced in collaboration with rightholders themselves, the general obligation to monitor imposed upon the service provider would thus be transformed into a permissible, special obligation to monitor.''
With their paper, the researchers are making a case for a complete re-assessment of the filtering requirement. They ask the EU Commission to carefully look at the new requirements, and make sure that they are in line with existing case law and legislation.
EU Internet Advocates Launch Campaign to Stop Dangerous Copyright Filtering Proposal | Electronic Frontier Foundation
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:04
In the wake of the European Commission's dangerous proposal to require user-generated content platforms to filter user uploads for copyright infringement, European digital rights advocates are calling on Internet users throughout Europe to stand up for freedom of expression online by urging their MEP (Member of European Parliament) to stop the #CensorshipMachine and ''save the meme.''
Last year, the European Commission released a proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, Article 13 of which would require all online service providers that ''store and provide to the public access to large amounts of works or other subject-matter uploaded by their users'' to reach agreements with rights holders to keep allegedly infringing content off their sites '' including by implementing content filtering technologies.
We've talked at length about the dangers of this proposal, and the problems with filtering the Internet for copyright infringement. For one thing, it's extremely dangerous for fair use and free expression online.
This week, two EU-based organizations are calling on Internet users to stand up for their rights to lawfully use copyrighted works, and to call on the European Parliament to remove Article 13 from the proposed directive.
Bits of Freedom, a Netherlands-based organization, launched a campaign website where you can ''save the meme'' by contacting an MEP and urging them to delete Article 13. The site calls attention to the proposed directive's impact on popular legal uses of copyrighted content, ''like parody, citations and ''oh, noes! '' memes,'' and provides a handy tool for getting in touch with your MEP.
Simultaneously, the activist group Xnet, with support from EFF, EDRi, and several other digital rights groups released this video highlighting how Article 13 would give copyright holders the ability to censor a wide swath of online expression.
Digital rights advocates aren't the only ones seeing problems with this proposal. Article 13 has been criticized by academics and academic research centers, and members of the EU's startup community as well. And earlier this month, an important committee charged with reviewing the proposal, the European Parliament Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, criticized Article 13 as ''incompatible with the limited liability regime'' currently in effect in the EU under the e-Commerce Directive, legislation the committee refers to as ''enormously beneficial.'' The committee's report warns of Article 13's ''negative impacts on the digital economy [and] internet freedoms of consumers, '' as well as its potential effect on market entry for online services. The Committee also criticized the proposal's call to implement technological filtering solutions, explaining ''[t]he use of filtering potentially harms the interests of users, as there are many legitimate uses of copyright content that filtering technologies are often not advanced enough to accommodate.''
There's still time to stop Article 13 before it becomes law in the EU. The proposed directive must pass through several more rounds of review by European Parliament Committees, followed by an informal ''trialogue'', where the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the Council of the European Union try to agree on the text of the directive, before it finally moves to consideration by Parliament. If you're in Europe, you can take action to stop Article 13 by going to savethememe.net. If you're not, you can share that link with your European friends.
EU Piracy Filter Proposals Being Sabotaged Says MEP Julia Reda - TorrentFreak
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:03
Member of the European Parliament Julia Reda has warned that efforts are underway to sabotage the Parliamentary process relating to the EU's plans for mandatory piracy filtering. The Pirate Party member says there's now just over a week to protest against an 'alternative compromise' text that makes current plans look "tame".
After complaining about ''rogue'' sites and services for more than 15 years, the music business is now concentrating on the so-called ''value gap''.
The theory is that platforms like YouTube are able to avoid paying expensive licensing fees for music by exploiting the safe harbor protections of the DMCA and similar legislation. Effectively, pirate music uploaded by site users becomes available to the public at no cost to the platform and due to safe harbor rules, there is no legal recourse for the labels.
To close this loophole, the EU is currently moving forward with reforms that could limit the protections currently enjoyed by platforms like YouTube. In short, sites that allow users to upload content will be forced to partner up with content providers to aggressively filter all user uploads for infringing content, thus limiting the number of infringing works eventually communicated to the public.
Even as they stand the proposals are being heavily protested (1,2,3) but according to Member of the European Parliament Julia Reda, a new threat has appeared on the horizon.
Ahead of a crucial June 8 vote on how to move forward, Reda says that some in the corridors of power are now ''resorting to dirty tactics'' to defend and extend the already ''disastrous plans'' by any means.
Specifically, Reda accuses MEP Pascal Arimont from the European People's Party (EPP) of trying to sabotage the Parliamentary process, by going behind negotiators' backs and pushing a new filtering proposal text that makes the ''original bad proposal look tame in comparison.''
Reda says that in the face of other MEPs' efforts to come up with a compromise text upon which all of them are agreed, Arimont has been encouraging some MEPs to rebel against their negotiators. He wants them to support his own super-aggressive ''alternative compromise'' text that shows disregard for the Charter of Fundamental Rights and principles of EU law.
Arimont's text is certainly an interesting read and a document that could have been formulated by the record labels themselves. It tightens just about every aspect of the text proposed by the Commission while running all over the compromise text put together by Reda and other MEPs.
For example, where others are agreed on the phrase ''Where information society
service providers store and provide access to the public to copyright protected works or other subject-matter uploaded by their users'', Arimont's text removes the key word ''store''.
This means that his filtering demands go beyond sites like YouTube that actually host content, to encompass those that merely carry links. It doesn't take much imagination to see the potential for chaos there.
Also, where the Commission is happy with the proposed rules only affecting sites that store and provide access to ''large amounts'' of copyright protected works uploaded by users, Arimont wants the ''store'' part removed and ''large'' changed to ''significant''.
''[Arimont] doesn't want [filtering rules] to just apply to services hosting 'large amounts' of copyrighted content, as proposed by the Commission, but to any service facilitating the availability of such content, even if the service is not actually hosting anything at all,'' Reda explains.
The text also ignores proposals by MEPs that anti-piracy measures to be taken by platforms should be proportionate to their profit and size. That being said, Arimont does accept that start-ups would probably face ''insurmountable financial obstacles'' if required to deploy filtering technologies, so he proposes they should be exempt.
While that sounds reasonable, any business that's over five years old would need to comply and Reda warns that the threshold could be set particularly low.
''So if you've been self-employed for more than 5 years, rules the Commission wrote with the likes of YouTube and Facebook in mind would suddenly also apply to your personal website,'' she warns.
But Arimont's proposal goes further still and has the potential to have privacy advocates up in arms.
In order to check that all user uploaded content is non-infringing, platforms would necessarily be required to check every single piece of data uploaded by users. This raises considerable privacy concerns and potential conflicts with EU law, for instance with Article 15 of the E-Commerce Directive, which prohibits general monitoring obligations for service providers.
Indeed, during the Netlog filtering case that went before the EU Court of Justice (CJEU) in 2012, the Court held that requiring an online platform to install broad piracy filters is incompatible with EU law.
Nevertheless, Arimont sees bridging the ''value gap'' as somehow different.
''The use of technical measures is essential for the functioning of online licensing and rights management purposes. Such technical measures therefore do not require the identity of uploaders and hence do not pose any risk for privacy of individual end users,'' his proposal reads.
''Furthermore, those technical measures involve a highly targeted technical cooperation of rightholders and information society service providers based on the data provided by rightholders, and therefore do not lead to general obligation to monitor and find facts about the content.''
But what should really raise alarm bells for user-uploaded content platforms is how Arimont proposes to strip them of their safe harbor protections, if they optimize the presentation of that content to users. That, as Reda points out, could be something as benign as listing content in alphabetical order.
Julia Reda's article has some information at the end for those who want to protest Arimont's proposals (pdf).
Netflix en Spotify binnenkort ook te gebruiken buiten de grens
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 11:35
Internet 18 mei 2017
Mensen met een abonnement op Netflix, Spotify, Deezer of een andere online dienst kan binnenkort in het buitenland zonder problemen streamen. Men kan genieten van zijn favoriete films, muziek of games waar hij ook naar toegaat. Het Europees Parlement heeft vandaag de regels over het meenemen van van digitale rechten goedgekeurd.
In de meeste gevallen krijgen internetgebruikers dit bericht als ze iets willen streamen via een dienst in het buitenland: 'Deze inhoud is niet beschikbaar.' Deze mensen hebben een abonnement van een dienst als Netflix of Spotify, maar kunnen dat niet gebruiken buiten de Nederlandse grens.
Volgend jaarVanaf 2018 gaat daar een verandering in komen. Voor mensen die voor een periode in het buitenland is, of het nou voor vakantie, werk of studie is, kan gebruik maken van zijn betalend abonnement. Het Europees Parlement heeft het akkoord daarvoor goedgekeurd.
De regels gaan wellicht in de loop van 2018 in gaan. Dienstverleners die hun dienst gratis aanbieden, zoals NPO, kunnen ervoor kiezen of hun materiaal over de grens beschikbaar blijft.
Steeds meer gebruik smartdevicesDoor het toenemend gebruik van smartphones en tablets maakt het steeds lastiger omtrent de digitale rechten. ''De problematiek treft wel degelijk veel mensen: enkel in Vlaanderen beschikken al meer dan 600.000 mensen over een Netflix-abonnement'', aldus Europarlementslid Anneleen Van Bossuyt.
Nog net geen helft van de internetgebruikers kijkt, luistert en gamet online. Dat blijkt uit de cijfers van de Europese Commissie. Er wordt verwacht dat dat de diensten online nog populairder gaan worden. Dit heeft mede te maken met de afschaffing van de roamingkosten op 15 juli.
D66Volgens D66'er Marietje Schaake is dit een mooie stap. ''Dit is pas een eerste stap in de opmars naar een Europese digitale markt. Er zijn nog te veel beperkingen waardoor je nu bijvoorbeeld op YouTube weinig kan bekijken. In het Europees Parlement blijft D66 aandringen op het aanpakken van deze geoblocking-maatregelen, waarbij bedrijven hun content blokkeren op basis van de plaats waar je je op dat moment bevindt. Europa moet volop aan de bak om die beperkingen weg te werken.''
Lees meer nieuws op Zakelijk Dagblad.
Gerelateerd
Facebook krijgt boete van 110 miljoen euro - Zakelijk Dagblad
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 11:36
Internet 18 mei 2017
Social mediaplatform Facebook moet een boete betalen van 110 miljoen euro, omdat het misleidende informatie heeft verstrekt bij de overname van de chatdienst WhatsApp. Dit heeft de Europese Commissie donderdag bekend gemaakt.
Facebook vroeg toen der tijd om toestemming om WhatsApp over te nemen. Hierbij had het bedrijf de toezichthouder laten weten dat de gebruikersgegevens van de twee diensten niet automatisch aan elkaar gekoppeld zouden worden. Vorig jaar augustus had het bedrijf een wijziging doorgevoerd in de algemene voorwaarden. Hierin stond dat de gegevens wel automatisch gekoppeld konden worden.
De Europese Commissie maakte in december al bezwaar tegen de manier van handelen van Facebook. ''Het besluit van vandaag geeft een helder signaal af aan bedrijven dat zij moeten voldoen aan alle aspecten van de fusieregels van de EU, ook de verplichting om juiste informatie te verstrekken'', aldus mededingingscommissaris Margrethe Vestager.
FacebookFacebook laat weten dat de zaak om de misleidende informatie gesloten kan worden. ''We hebben in goed vertrouwen gehandeld sinds onze eerste interacties met de commissie en hebben getracht om op ieder moment accurate informatie te leveren.''
De valse informatie die Facebook doorgaf aan de toezichthouder was volgens het bedrijf een ''fout''. Deze had ook geen invloed op de beslissing van de Europese Commissie om de overname van WhatsApp goed te keuren.
DataVanuit Brussel wordt ook gedacht aan het inperken van de macht bij dit soort bedrijven. De grootste techbedrijven als Google, Facebook en Apple schijnen te veel macht te hebben door de grote hoeveelheid data die zij verzamelen. Het zou gaan om klantgegevens, verkoopinformatie en advertentiestatistieken die nauwelijks wordt gedeeld met bedrijven die op hun netwerk zitten. Eurocommissaris Andrus Ansip wil dit aanpakken met een mededingingswetgeving. Echter is het lastig om via deze regelgevingen vat te krijgen op de data-economie, want die groeit met een rap tempo.
Gerelateerd
NA Tech-News
HomePod - Apple
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 00:50
HomePod - AppleThe new sound of home.HomePod is a powerful speaker that sounds amazing, adapts to wherever it's playing, and together with Apple Music, gives you effortless access to one of the world's largest music catalogs. All controlled through natural voice interaction with Siri.1 It takes the listening experience to a whole new level. And that's just the beginning.
Available December A breakthrough speaker all around.We completely reimagined how a speaker should make music in the home. HomePod combines Apple-engineered audio technology and advanced software to deliver the highest-fidelity sound throughout the room, no matter where it's placed. This elegantly designed, compact speaker totally rocks the house.
Engineered to bring down the house. We built the high-excursion woofer with a custom amplifier to play a wide range of deep, rich bass. A powerful motor drives the diaphragm a full 20 mm '-- remarkable for a speaker this size. Meanwhile, HomePod uses an advanced algorithm that continuously analyzes the music and dynamically tunes the low frequencies for smooth, distortion'‘free sound.
Seven tweeters. Amazing sound from every angle. HomePod has a unique array of seven beamforming tweeters that precisely focus the sound, from very narrow beams all the way to true, consistent 360º audio. By aiming those beams throughout the room, the tweeters create an immersive sense of space '-- no matter where HomePod is or where you're sitting.
A8 chip. It's always thinking about the sound. A powerful Apple-designed A8 chip is the brains behind the most complex audio innovations in HomePod. Like real-time modeling of the woofer mechanics. Buffering that's even faster than real time. Upmixing of both direct and ambient audio. Beamforming so the microphone can hear you over the music. And advanced echo cancellation. So you get amazing sound without even thinking about it.
Beautiful design with a purpose. HomePod is wrapped in a seamless mesh fabric designed for both aesthetic and acoustic performance. Available in two colors, it's gorgeous from every angle '-- yet virtually transparent to the music. And at just under seven inches tall, this speaker can fit anywhere in your home.
It's easier than easy. It's automatic.HomePod is smart enough to sense where in the room it's playing. Or that you added another HomePod. Or that you're telling it what you want to hear '-- even from across the room. Then it responds to all this information automatically, so all you have to do is listen.
Senses the room and tunes the music.All by itself.
Place HomePod anywhere in the room. It automatically analyzes the acoustics, adjusts the sound based on the speaker's location, and steers the music in the optimal direction. Whether HomePod is against the wall, on a shelf, or in the middle of the room, everyone gets an immersive listening experience.
Combine two in one room. Put another HomePod in the same room, and the two automatically detect and balance each other '-- for sound that's even more lifelike.
AirPlay 2.Add HomePod to more rooms.
When you add HomePod to multiple rooms, the speakers communicate with each other through AirPlay 2 '-- so you can play your music all around the house. You can also control any other AirPlay 2'‘compatible speakers.
Hears you across the roomand over the music.
Want to change the music? Just ask Siri on HomePod. It's the most intuitive way to find and play a song. Innovative signal processing allows Siri to hear your requests from afar, even with the music playing at full blast. At the same time, multiple layers of security '-- including anonymous ID and encryption '-- protect your privacy.
The ultimate music authority.Built to bring out the best in Apple Music, HomePod is a key part of an incredibly deep and intuitive music ecosystem that lives everywhere you do.1 With Siri intelligence and access to virtually all the world's recordings, it's like having a musicologist who helps you discover every song you'd ever want to hear.
40 million songsin your home.
Apple Music unlocks every song you can imagine from over two million artists.1 Siri helps you search, filter, and find exactly what you want '-- from the biggest hits to the deepest cuts, across a huge range of genres and moods. And with ''Shared Up Next,'' everyone in the house has a voice in what HomePod plays.
Learn more about Apple Music
Learns what you love.And what you don't.
Tell Siri when you like the song that's playing, or say ''Hey Siri, play something different.'' Based on what you say and play, Apple Music learns your taste in music.1 Which means you can also just let it pick the songs. And when you open Apple Music on any other device, your playlists and preferences are right where you left them. Wherever you go, the beat goes on.
Examples of Siri music commands.Hey Siri, DJ for me
Hey Siri, play something else
Hey Siri, play the Moana soundtrack next
Hey Siri, who's the drummer in this song?
Hey Siri, play some hip hop
Responds to your touch, too.Tap the top of HomePod to play, pause, or adjust the volume. The top also shows you when Siri is listening, with an LED waveform that animates with your every word.
Listen to whatelse it can do.
HomePod isn't just great at playing your music. It also helps with everyday household questions and tasks. And it's a hub for controlling your smart home accessories '-- from a single light bulb to the whole house '-- with the power of your voice.2
Siri has all kindsof answers.
Because it has Siri, HomePod can hear and answer questions in the most popular categories. Timers. Clocks. Measurements. Translations. News. Sports. Weather. Traffic. And general knowledge. It's great at the things you want to know, and do, in your home.
How to commanda room.
Just say ''Hey Siri, turn on the lights'' or ''cool the room'' or ''lower the shades.'' A wide range of accessories work with Apple's HomeKit platform '-- from air conditioners to garage doors to security cameras. Just add an accessory to the Home app, then control it with your voice on HomePod.
Learn more about the Home app
Examples of Siri home commands.Hey Siri, make it cooler upstairs
Hey Siri, what's the Red Sox score?
Hey Siri, set a 5-minute timer
Hey Siri, give me the news
Hey Siri, turn off the lights
Technically speaking.
Size and WeightDimensions:
6.8 inches high (172 mm)5.6 inches wide (142 mm)Weight:
Available in two colors
Audio TechnologyHigh-excursion woofer with custom amplifierArray of seven horn-loaded tweeters, each with its own custom amplifierSix-microphone array for far-field Siri and room sensingInternal low-frequency calibration microphone for automatic bass correctionDirect and ambient audio beamformingTransparent studio-level dynamic processingWireless802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wi'‘Fi with MIMOMultiroom speaker support with AirPlay 23LanguagesEnglish (Australia, UK, U.S.)
Every time Apple said 'machine learning', we had a drink andsgd oh*][ ' The Register
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:41
WWDC While touting forthcoming operating system features at its annual developer conference on Monday, Apple made sure to mention machine learning and related AI-oriented terminology over and over.
Kevin Lynch, technology veep, talked about Siri, Apple's personal assistant software, becoming more proactive and more aware of watchOS activity through machine learning.
Craig Federighi, senior veep of software engineering, highlighted Safari's use of machine learning for intelligent blocking of browser tracking. He also talked about advanced convolutional neural networks improving facial recognition in Photos and making Siri smarter.
Federighi cited the utility of Apple's new Metal 2 graphics API for machine learning. And he said deep learning had been used to make Siri's voice sound more natural.
John Ternus, veep of hardware engineering, called out the compute power of Apple's forthcoming iMac Pro by noting how its Radeon Vega GPU would be helpful for machine learning.
Like alumni of prestigious schools who work their alma mater into every conversation, Apple execs made certain everyone was aware that their machines have learned.
A year ago, developer Marco Arment fretted about Apple's inaction on AI in a blog post. If the bets being made on AI by Amazon, Facebook, and Google pay off, Arment mused, "Apple will find itself in a similar position as BlackBerry did almost a decade ago: What they're able to do, despite being very good at it, won't be enough anymore, and they won't be able to catch up."
AI isn't new to Apple, which has been nurturing Siri since 2011, but it didn't become a priority for the company until last October, when it hired Carnegie Mellon University professor Ruslan Salakhutdinov as its first director of AI research.
Apple in the past had trouble attracting accomplished AI researchers because its culture of secrecy rubbed academics the wrong way. It's not coincidental that Apple published its first AI research paper last December. And the following month, Apple joined the Partnership on AI, an industry consortium established last year to promote best practices.
Now, not only is Apple underscoring its use of AI-ish tech, but the company is bringing the technology it has been using for its Siri and Camera applications to developers. Its forthcoming platform updates '' watchOS 4, tvOS 11, macOS 10.13, and iOS 11 '' provide access to Core ML, a machine learning framework that includes a Vision API and a Natural Language API.
It's as if Apple is trying to tell us something. ®
Tesla Furious After AAA Hits Carmaker With Higher Premiums Due To "Abnormally High Claims" | Zero Hedge
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:27
AAA is raising premiums on Tesla vehicles by 30% after data showed that owners of Model S and Model X cars filed claims at abnormally high rates, and that those claims cost more compared with other cars in the same class, Automotive News reported.
Tesla, of course, is disputing the insurer's analysis.
"This analysis is severely flawed and is not reflective of reality," the electric-vehicle maker said in a statement emailed to Automotive News. "Among other things, it compares Model S and X to cars that are not remotely peers, including even a Volvo station wagon."
AAA' chief actuary said the insurer noticed the anomaly in its own data before confirming it with data provided by a second source, the Highway Loss Data Institute.
"Looking at a much broader set of countrywide data, we saw the same patterns observed in our own data, and that gave us the confidence to change rates," he said.
Other large insurance companies, including State Farm and Geico, said that claims data is a major factor in calculating premiums. But they would not disclose if their Tesla-owning customers would also see rates rise.
The Highway Loss Data Institute report covered the 2014-2016 model years. Vehicles are divided into classes based on size, weight and competing models. The frequency and severity of claims are compared with overall average claims. The report found that the frequency, and cost, of claims related to Tesla vehicles was much higher.
"Teslas get into a lot of crashes and are costly to repair afterward," said Russ Rader, spokesman for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, which is the Highway Loss Data Institute's parent organization. "Consumers will pay for that when they go to insure one."
Tesla said the Highway Loss Data Institute's system placed it with the wrong competitors. If it were compared with similar rivals, the company argued, its crash data would not stand out negatively.
Tesla said the high rate of acceleration in both the Model S and Model X make it "false and misleading" to compare against vehicles such as the XC70, adding that the Model S also holds the lowest likelihood of injury, according to an evaluation by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
"We expect Model X to receive the best score for any SUV ever tested," a Tesla spokesperson said.
Collision damage claims for large luxury vehicles are reported 13 percent more frequently than average, and those claims cost about 50 percent higher than average, the Highway Loss Data Institute said. The rear-wheel-drive Tesla Model S is involved in 46 percent more claims than average, and those claims cost more than twice the average, it said.
In the large luxury SUV class, where collision coverage claim frequency is the same as the average for all vehicles and the cost of claims is 43 percent above average, the owners of the Model X file for claims 41 percent more often than average, and those claims cost 89 percent more than average, according to the institute.
New approaches to calculating premiums may eventually benefit Tesla owners, Automotive News reported. Root is an insurance startup that sets premiums based on individual driving behavior. Customers download the Root app and drive with their smartphone in the car for two weeks. Rates are determined from the habits observed over that period.
Semi-autonomous driving features help bring rates down, said Root CEO Alex Timm. The company gives a special discount for Tesla vehicles equipped with Autosteer '-- part of Tesla's suite of Autopilot semi-autonomous tech '-- which NHTSA found reduced crash rates by 40 percent.
"Insurance premiums should reflect risk," Timm said. "Autonomous vehicles are safer and will continue to get safer. It's proven in the data."
Tesla said that it is working with insurance companies to properly evaluate the benefits of Autopilot.
"As part of the Insure My Tesla program, Tesla is working with leading insurers resulting in lower prices for Tesla insurance, not higher," Tesla said in its statement. "These leading insurers also appreciate the added safety benefit of Autopilot."
The big question, of course, is that if Tesla owners have to pay considerably higher insurance premiums, what happens to the marginal new Tesla car sale?
The biggest British Airways IT meltdown WTF: 200 systems in the critical path? ' The Register
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 12:53
One of the key principles of designing any high availability system is to make sure only vital apps or functions use it and everything else doesn't '' sometimes referred to as KISS (Keep It Simple Stupid).
High availability or reliability is always technically challenging at whatever systems level it is achieved, be it hardware or software. The colossal systems failure at British Airways has been blamed on a "power surge" trigger followed up by a messaging system failure.
However, within the comments of the BA chief executive there is one telling statement:
Tens of millions of messages every day that are shared across 200 systems across the BA network and it actually affected all of those systems across the network.
Sorry for the text speak, but WTF? How does it require 200 systems to issue a boarding pass, check someone in and pass their security details on to the US '' even if they aren't going there? Buried deep in The Register comments on the article is an allegedly former BA employee claiming that this is in fact the case, that all of these systems are required for BA to function. How did BA get to the point that there are 200 systems in the critical path?
The problem with current IT systems is that even with no high availability elements in path, once an initial burn-in period has passed, they are hugely reliable. Failures even in this setting are sufficiently rare that unless you look at IT systems as a whole, it can seem like they never occur.
So, sure, we need this new function in path, just add another server (virtual machine) and let's go, maybe spread over a couple of data centres won't be a problem. Can't be a problem '' we've never seen a failure, so why do those IT guys keep telling me I have to spend millions on re-factoring the system to ensure it is highly available?
Another organisation that struggled to internally communicate the true nature of the reliability risk they were facing was NASA '' and the consequences of that were even more visible than BA's. This also demonstrated a spectacularly poor understanding of the nature of risk on the part of senior management.
During the Rogers Commission's investigation into the Challenger disaster, Richard Feynman examined the NASA approach to estimating failure rates. NASA's management believed that the risk of shuttle failure was "necessarily" one in 105. This figure seemed "fantastical" to Feynman and so he estimated the failure rate himself and obtained a figure of one in 100.
Moreover, once he involved NASA's engineers in the calculation, this figure came in between one in 50 and one in 200. How could there be such a disconnect between the engineers' view of the failure rate of the system they designed, and the management's view of the system they commissioned?
In the case of the shuttle, many engineers had raised the issue that ultimately lead to the failure, but their warnings fell on deaf ears. Indeed, it was far from clear that even senior NASA management were actually capable of understanding the warnings their engineers were raising '' often having neither an engineering or a scientific background.
NASA were well aware of the exposure that a failed space shuttle, likely to be both explosive and public, would cause. Indeed, from a risk consequence perspective, the outcome was regarded as having similarly negative connotations to the assassination of a president. So how could they get it so wrong? There are almost no organisations '' actually there are none '' that like or encourage prophets of doom.
So what, if any, are the parallels for large-scale IT systems?
For many organisations (citing practically all UK government utterances on IT issues as evidence), senior management has practically no meaningful IT knowledge beyond the ability to press the buttons on their smartphone or tablet. Within the IT function, senior management figures are generally chosen '' by non-technical managers '' for management rather than their technical abilities.
How many organisations, BA included, have a detailed model of why their systems are fit for purpose? Just as the space shuttle was "necessarily" good for 1 in 105, how many IT systems are claimed to be five nines on the basis of a box and line diagram showing the presence of duplicate resilient systems? Are the models used by IT management to understand the underlying failure rate of their systems any better than the ones used by NASA management to achieve their necessary 99.999?
It is unlikely that any of the 200 systems BA needs functional to keep operating is a simple computational unit. Each of these sub-systems will themselves have complex internal interdependencies between the servers, network, storage and the software that come together to deliver the function. The sheer number of potential points of failure that BA was exposed to is hard to believe. Fortunately, as a default they fail very, very rarely, so it is easy to believe that failure simply cannot occur.
It is clear that BA is suffering from criticality bloat. They have permitted systems to be added to the critical business path willy-nilly. The systems fail so rarely that surely this cannot be a problem '' but what about the system you add to the critical delivery path but don't know about.
When confronted with complexity people have an inevitable tendency to retreat into hope and historic belief. One consequence of this is that if an event hasn't happened yet, it is very unlikely to ever happen. In probability circles this is called the gambler's fallacy, the base of a significant fraction of the earnings currently achieved on the web '' a great example is the so-called guaranteed winning "doubling" strategy for roulette.
For any IT dependent organisation, which in reality is pretty much everything these days, a fundamental question should be: Why does the organisation believe its IT is sufficiently robust to allow it to meet its operational goals? What is the evidence that belief is based on? How has the evidence been validated? Is there a predictive model, not a picture on a slide deck, of why the system as a whole stays up?
Just like velociraptors, it's not the one you can see that kills you. ®
British Airways says IT chaos was caused by human error - BBC News
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 20:29
Image copyright Getty Images The boss of British Airways' parent company says that human error caused an IT meltdown that led to travel chaos for 75,000 passengers.
Willie Walsh. chief executive of IAG, said an engineer disconnected a power supply, with the major damage caused by a surge when it was reconnected.
He said there would now be an independent investigation "to learn from the experience".
However, some experts say that blaming a power surge is too simplistic.
Mr Walsh, appearing at an annual airline industry conference in Mexico on Monday, said: "It's very clear to me that you can make a mistake in disconnecting the power.
"It's difficult for me to understand how to make a mistake in reconnecting the power," he said.
He told reporters that the engineer was authorised to be in the data centre, but was not authorised "to do what he did".
IAG has commissioned an "independent company to conduct a full investigation" into the IT crash and is "happy to disclose details" of its findings, Mr Walsh said. The name of the company involved had not been disclosed.
The BBC reported last week that senior company executives at IAG were pushing for an external probe into the computer meltdown.
BA had said that a power surge caused the computer problem, but gave little further explanation.
However, an email leaked to the media last week suggested that a contractor doing maintenance work inadvertently switched off the power supply.
The email said: "This resulted in the total immediate loss of power to the facility, bypassing the backup generators and batteries... After a few minutes of this shutdown, it was turned back on in an unplanned and uncontrolled fashion, which created physical damage to the systems and significantly exacerbated the problem."
But the BBC's transport correspondent, Richard Westcott, has spoken to IT experts who are sceptical that a power surge could wreak such havoc on the data centres.
BA has two data centres about a kilometre apart. There are question marks over whether a power surge could hit both. Also, there should be fail-safes in place, our correspondent said.
BA has already launched its own internal investigation, led by its chief executive Alex Cruz.
Following the computer crash, which caused travel chaos for people travelling from Heathrow and Gatwick, Mr Walsh gave his full backing to Mr Cruz.
BA and IAG also rejected claims that the incident was due to Mr Cruz's decision to outsource the airline's IT department to India as part of cost-cutting measures.
On Monday, Mr Walsh apologised again for the incident, saying: "When you see customers who suffered, you wouldn't want it to happen to any airline or any business."
Apple, podcasting's dominant (and mostly benign) middleman, is rebooting how it delivers shows >> Nieman Journalism Lab
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 17:10
June 6, 2017, 10:42 a.m.
Plus: Gimlet makes a curious acquisition, a new run at fixing podcast discovery, and an under-the-hood technical shift.
Editor's note: Hot Pod is a weekly newsletter on the podcasting industry written by Nick Quah; we happily share it with Nieman Lab readers each Tuesday.
Welcome to Hot Pod, a newsletter about podcasts. This is issue 122, published June 6, 2017.
I sunk a lot of hours this weekend trying to write a column on ''Peak Podcasting,'' following some inspiration from a tweet by the esteemed Lizzie O'Leary '-- which speaks to a broad feeling that I've been seeing a lot of '-- but I'm going to postpone that discussion to next week. For now, let's talk WWDC, Gimlet, and JSON.
WWDC. The big Apple developer's conference '-- which serves as a periodic hub for major product and upgrade announcements from the tech colossus '-- started in San Jose yesterday, and there are two big things you probably need to know.
(1) We're getting a redesigned Podcasts app that'll come with the announced iOS 11 update. Official details are scant at the moment, and while your mileage may vary with sourcing Reddit, there are a couple of screenshots of the new app floating about from this thread, which also hint at potential upcoming livestreaming tool support. Meanwhile, on the WWDC schedule, there's an Apple Podcasts session due to take place on Friday, and it notes in the description: ''iOS 11 upgrades the Apple Podcasts app to support to new feed structures for serialized shows.'' From screenshots coming out of Twitter, it looks as if this in part means bundling by season, and providing a little more control over how episodes are presented to listeners over the feed. (It's the small stuff that goes a really long way.)
As a sidenote, it's notable that these changes seem to be particularly focused on better serving serialized shows, to the point it even shows up in the official language. Such shows '-- like Serial, S-Town, Missing Richard Simmons, and so on '-- do tend to be the medium's breakout hits, though they are merely one of many show structures that exist in the space. Anyway, there's probably a lot more to come on this; I'll be on the lookout.
The iOS 11 update is scheduled to drop sometime this fall, alongside the new iPhone.
(2) You might already be aware of this, given that it was the closer: Apple finally unveiled its own foray into smart speakers, which comes in the form of a bulbous appliance rather awkwardly called the HomePod. (Apropos of nothing, it might time to rename this newsletter. I'm taking suggestions.)
It goes without saying that Apple finally breaking into the smart speaker category '-- and bringing with it the full body of its media ecosystem '-- is a big, chunky story with a lot to parse out. Now, I'm no technology journalist, but I will say that I'm deeply curious to see how Apple's move here will add competition to the market currently dominated by the Amazon Echo. Some indicators suggest that Amazon has built a pretty far lead in this category with its line of fairly affordable smart speakers, and given the fact that Apple's HomePod is priced at $349 to start (for reference, the Echo Dot goes for about $50), it seems as if Apple will be sliding into the market on the luxury end and will at least initially play more toward its moneyed base, which was more or less what it did with the smartphone. While it's understandable to replicate that move, it does mean that whatever improvements the smart speaker brings to the podcast listening experience '-- and whatever listening gains for publishers and podcasters might come from it '-- we're probably not going to be seeing much of a substantial broadening of the active listening base from a demographic perspective, at least not initially. Indeed, if anything, we're probably going to see a deepening within the category of audiences already predisposed to podcasts.
Nevertheless, it's worthwhile to think through the big picture here: The higher aspirational register for this emerging set of products is the seeding of an audio-first computing experience, one of the alternative beachfronts for the ''ambient computing'' version of the consumer tech future highlighted in Walt Mossberg's final column. To play this out further, the long-term structural value that this potential shift brings is one that ultimately liberates the growth trajectory of on-demand audio content from being principally tethered to the mobile device toward a trajectory that extends across whatever vessels audio-first computing is going to be channeled through in the future.
All right, that's a whole lot of horizon-staring chin-stroking, so let's kick it back a notch and talk present-day industry scuttlebutt. (Read the Nieman Lab writeup if you're looking for more keynote takeaways for publishers.)Gimlet makes a curious acquisition. In what is probably a sign of the times, Gimlet announced this week that it's bringing on a new show from outside its trendy Gowanus walls: The Pitch, which is basically Shark Tank but a podcast. The show is made and hosted by Josh Muccio, a Florida-based entrepreneur.
The Pitch was first published in 2015, when Muccio developed the show in partnership with Silicon Valley venture capitalist Sheel Mohnot. The show was able to carve out a niche audience during its initial run, and as the story goes, after the first season, Muccio decided to take it in a different direction, redeveloping the concept and raising a small production team around the enterprise that included, among others, Devon Taylor, a freelancer who worked on Radiotopia's Millennial.
Muccio shopped the second season around different networks '-- a common practice these days, in case you weren't aware '-- before Gimlet ultimately moved to pick it up. That happened earlier this year, and I'm told that the acquisition process took about three weeks after Gimlet officially expressed interest in the project. As part of the deal, Muccio joined the company full time in early March, and Taylor, who by the way cofounded the now defunct podcast review site The Timbre (R.I.P.), was brought in full time as well.
The Pitch marks the first independent podcast that Gimlet has absorbed into its ranks, though it isn't the company's first acquisition. (The network brought over Science Vs, along with host Wendy Zukerman, from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation last year.) In many ways, it's a bit of an unexpected addition for the nearly three-year-old company, which has thus far built a strong reputation off a portfolio of highly produced, narrative-driven programming '-- you know, the kind of stuff you'd lump into a pile with This American Life and 99% Invisible. The Pitch feels considerably different from the rest of Gimlet's portfolio'...though, if pressed, I'm not quite sure what I mean by that. I quite enjoy the podcast, but I have a bit of trouble seeing how it fits into the Gimlet brand and house sound. And as I dig deeper into my gut reaction to the news, I can't quite tell whether my response says more about my prejudices about reality programming '-- which I have a distinct palate for, by the way, one that I keep separate from the rest of my entertainment diet '-- or my own conceptions of what the Gimlet house style is supposed to be.
Matt Lieber, president of Gimlet, appears to hold a broader definition of that house style than I do. ''I think it's pretty consistent with our strategy,'' he said when we spoke by phone Monday. Gimlet shows, according to Lieber, are largely defined by, among other things, a sense of curiosity, high production quality, and a strong point of view '-- all things, he argues, that The Pitch shares. Plus, the ambition of the whole reality programming dimension, and how it mingles with these core Gimlet principles, is a big part of what drew Gimlet to the project. ''It combines the best of reality TV '-- that tension and excitement '-- and the best of narrative storytelling,'' Lieber said. ''Reality has always been a category we've been intrigued by. If you think about it, the first season of StartUp had some of those qualities.''
That StartUp connection, I think, is pretty meaningful. One way of reading the company's history is to see it as having built an initial core audience off a show, StartUp, that appeals to those who are drawn to stories about entrepreneurship and technology. From this position, The Pitch, then, is an expansion of that genre offering within Gimlet's portfolio, one that deepens the available product range for the entrepreneurship-oriented audience '-- and, subsequently, its extractable value for advertisers. Think about the kinds of people who listen to StartUp and podcasts about entrepreneurship, and then think about the types of advertisers who value that set of ears, and then think about capitalism and the resulting CPM rate. (Speaking of which, I'd love to tie NPR's How I Built This into this somehow.)
One more thing before I move on. I was curious as to why Muccio decided to move onto a network, why he eschewed independence. Here's his response:
1. The #1 way people find out about podcasts is on other podcasts. So the right network presents an opportunity for audience growth that would take years to build as an independent.
2. Advertising. Some networks have horrible CPMs and are known for really bad ads. But Gimlet is not one of them. They're one of the best in the biz. If not the best. We sold our own ads for The Pitch. It's really REALLY hard to do well. This wasn't an area I was willing to compromise so I'm lucky to be joining a network that is really crushing it on the advertising front. Bottom line? Ads on The Pitch are higher quality and more profitable.
3. Focus and specialization. I wore all the hats as an independent producer. I did pretty damn well considering, but still you can only be so good at any one thing when you have 50 other things you also need to be good at. Joining a network has allowed me to focus on building a great show, refining my skills as a host and building a team that can carry the vision of the show with me. Ultimately building something with a team of amazing people is more fulfilling to me than building something in a silo.
The Pitch debuts under new management on June 14. There will also be a crossover episode with the StartUp podcast on that day.
Side note. Deadline reported a new development on the upcoming Homecoming TV adaptation: Julia Roberts is currently in talks for the lead role, which was played by Catherine Keener in the podcast. The project looks like it's still in its pretty early stages, so fans shouldn't get too attached to the prospect of an adaptation just yet.
A directory, a list, a market. ''Podcast discovery is broken,'' goes the familiar critique, the opening gambit of most product pitches that hit my inbox. And it was as true two or three years ago as it is now '-- though as longtime readers might know, I'm wont to think of it mostly as a secondary issue, not one that's fatally prohibitive to the long-term fate of the space. I imagine some will disagree. In any case, I still read every email that hits my inbox on the matter.
The latest of such gambits is something called PodSearch, and there is some reason to pay attention here. A project of Patty and Dave Newmark, proprietors of Newmark Advertising and longtime audio advertising operatives with strong relationships on the advertising side of the industry, PodSearch boasts a premise that's so straightforward as to be blunt: It's the Yellow Pages, but for podcasts.
There isn't a ton about PodSearch that's interesting from a design perspective, particularly on the business-to-consumer side. A lot of its touted features '-- search, personalization, top-show categorizations '-- are table stakes as far as digital products in 2017 are concerned, and there are some things about the interface that create an unnecessarily high level of friction for potential users, like requiring visitors to make an account before being to actually use the platform.
I see the theoretical value of the product for consumers, of course. Having a consolidated point of reference for the whole space that's marginally more organized than Apple Podcasts (n(C)e iTunes) is nice, though perhaps not quite the drop of water in the desert it's made out to be, and I'm partial to the view that more competition on the directory and search portal-level is always good for podcast discovery. However, execution matters more than ideas, as the old adage goes, and there's a long road ahead for PodSearch to make a good first impression. (And second, and third, and fourteenth.)
That said, here are two things to consider:
(1) PodSearch has potential to create genuine value for advertisers. In researching this story, a few people brought up the way in which it might quietly solve a discovery problem of another kind: Advertisers and agencies, I'm told, currently have to do a fair bit of manual digging around to generate a list of podcasts (and their respective contact information for sponsorship inquiries) to potentially buy spots off, and so a directory that's able to provide an easily digestible serving of the menu on offer, with the relevant contact information, would be useful for this community. And given the Newmarks' expertise and history, I wouldn't be surprised if they're able to create a decent market on the advertiser side of the equation.
(2) One way that PodSearch is interesting to me is how it can serve as a vessel to get the most utility out of search engines for its listed podcasts writ large. When I spoke with Dave last week, he spoke of a meaningful volume search queries for terms relating to podcasts on a general level '-- ''What is a podcast?'', ''How do I listen to one?'', and so on '-- and how there isn't much incentive for individual publishers to aggressively capitalize on those generic paid search terms. And so, by assuming the position of a wholesale podcast directory, PodSearch is able to make those spends on behalf of publishers and extract value from those broad queries for its listing participants. There's a lot of juice in this fruit, and I'm compelled to see if the utility here can be appropriately realized.
In sum, I really do think there's a lot more value for PodSearch to pursue a more explicit business-to-business path than one that also tacks on a business-to-consumer dimension. Solving discovery for everyday users is a tough and deeply nuanced problem in 2017, and as far as digital media categories are concerned, we live in a world with high thresholds for user experience expectations '-- and it's only going to get higher.
Two more things to mull over in your own assessment about the service:
There's a cost associated with listing on the directory ($9.99 a month, which might feel steep for most that are already paying comparable amounts for hosting), and a small cost for advertisers to access the aforementioned point-of-contact information ($19.99 a year). I'm told that the costs are to qualify leads on both sides, and I imagine it also generates revenue for the platform to keep the lights on, which is fair.The Newmarks are kicking off PodSearch with some major publisher partnerships already in the bag; in the press outreach email, I was informed that the company is fielding sales chiefs from National Public Media, Public Media Marketing, Midroll, and Panoply to talk on the record about the initiative. We're talking institutional support here; let's see how that shakes out.Developments over at HowStuffWorks. Back in March, it was reported that Will Pearson and Mangesh Hattikudur, who founded the online curiosity Mental Floss back in 2001, were leaving the company to develop a new podcast for HowStuffWorks. That project is now public: it's called Part Time Genius, and it appears to be some combination of game show and a piece of education media. In other words, the show sounds a lot like Stephen Dubner's Tell Me Something I Don't Know, and it fits into HowStuffWorks' wheelhouse pretty neatly.
Part Time Genius will launch with four full episodes in the feed. That happens on June 7.
Meanwhile, HowStuffWorks has also relaunched its popular Stuff Your Mom Never Told You podcast, almost half a year after the show's previous hosts, Cristen Conger and Caroline Ervin, left the show to launch their own independent media company, Unladylike Media. (You can find my story on that, which touches on questions of ownership and network arrangements, can be found here.) The new setup features Emilie Aries and Bridget Todd in the hosting seat, and they will be based in Washington, DC.''Replacing a host or hosts is not easy, especially when you consider that so much of what makes podcasting great is the personal connection between listeners and the hosts,'' wrote Jason Hoch, the chief content officer of HowStuffWorks, through a PR rep about the transition. ''We really wanted to take our time finding new hosts that could continue on with the show's message, but we also wanted to make sure we were pushing ourselves to continue to evolve the show. We felt from the get-go that it was better to take our time finding the absolute best hosts for the show instead of rushing into this.''
Hoch added: ''For any podcast, it does take some time to settle into a rhythm and build chemistry between co-hosts, producers and listeners. But this is also what makes podcasting so special '-- it's analogous to finding a new friend. It builds over time.''
An uptick in support for a new podcast delivery format. I don't spend a ton of time digging into the technical and infrastructural end of podcasts, and I'd like to be clear here that I only have a pedestrian understanding of the issues. But a recent string of announcements have caught my eye: Over the past week or so, a few third-party podcast apps, including Breaker, Fireside, and Cast, have all added support for the JSON Feed format. JSON is a data-interchange format, a way in which computers exchange information with one another, and JSON Feed is an RSS-like feed format built on top of it. The trend was written up by noted technology writer John Gruber at his site Daring Fireball, which is how I initially bumped into the story.
As far as I can tell, there's some philosophical significance here among technologists who are developing tools for the podcast space. But I wanted to get a broad sense of what it means for those outside that category of people, and so I reached out to Leah Culver and Erik Michaels-Ober of Breaker to help explain some things to me.
The main takeaway? It's largely a matter of efficiency, as the argument goes.
''JSON is generally more compact than XML,'' the team wrote back. (XML is the format that provides the foundation for RSS which, as you might know, is currently the primary format of the podcast space.) ''All things being equal, the JSON Feed could be transferred between two computers 27% faster and the transmission costs would be 27% lower. In a competitive marketplace, these types of cost savings are typically distributed in one or more of three ways: (1) returned to consumers, in the form of lower prices, (2), returned to shareholders, in the form of a dividend, and (3) reinvested in the business. Each of these has either direct or indirect benefits to consumers and podcasters. Essentially, the argument here is that efficiency is an end in itself. There no reason for computers to communicate more verbosely when they could communicate more concisely.''
They added: ''Beyond efficiency, there are no new capabilities unlocked by JSON Feed. If all goes according to plan for JSON Feed, consumers and podcasters won't notice that anything has changed'--other than the podcast services they use have become cheaper or better, due to improved resource utilization.''
So, what's listed here is actually an abbreviated version of a much longer Q&A with Michaels-Ober and Culver, which gets fairly wonky and technical. You can find the full discussion in this Google Doc.
Bites:
NPR's Invisibilia returned for its third season last week, and this time around it boasts a unifying season-wide structure: playfully tethered to the idea of a ''concept album,'' this chunk of episodes will all revolve around the theme of concepts. (NPR)Feral Audio, home of Harmontown, recently launched a comedy podcast focused entirely on stories and the happenings that go on in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Los Feliz. It's a curious take on the whole locally-minded media thread; we'll see if they actually harvest anything interesting out of the conceit. (Feral Audio)Kids Listen, the loose collective that advocates for children's programming in the podcast space, has a website now. Watch the space for upcoming initiatives and roster expansions by the group. (Kids Listen)AudioBoom recently commissioned a study with Edison Research on listener demographics. It's worth checking out in full, but here's a data point that caught my eye: Only 22 percent of respondents reported that they currently have mail-order subscriptions to companies like Blue Apron, Birchbox, and Barkbox. That's a lot lower than I would ordinarily think. (LinkedIn)Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel has a podcast now'...and, uh, I didn't think much of it. (WBEZ)Not directly podcast-related, but I loved reading this: ''In well-mannered public radio, an airwaves war,'' a story about WBUR and WGBH, which have struck up a fascinating coexistence in the public radio-friendly city of Boston. (The Boston Globe)
Apple Unveils Panicked Man With No Ideas - The Onion - America's Finest News Source
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 18:37
CUPERTINO, CA'--At a highly anticipated press event at its Silicon Valley headquarters Tuesday afternoon, tech giant Apple officially unveiled to the public a panicked and completely idea-free man.
The white, ultrathin man, who exhibited such features as artificial excitement, a fully quavering voice, and what appeared to be a near total lack of inspiration, was put on full display for thousands of shareholders, industry insiders, reporters, and fans today in what Apple hopes will be a game-changer for the multinational corporation.
''This is the future of Apple,'' announced the lightweight, 75-inch desperate man while being presented on stage. ''We are indeed staking our company's reputation on what you see here on this stage. And as always with Apple, you are getting a glimpse of the entire tech industry's future today.''
''Our customers expect the best products from Apple, and that is what we will continue to deliver,'' continued the feckless man, offering a tedious, innovation-free display and a high rate of perspiration.
Experts told reporters the success or failure of the hapless, perplexed man will have an enormous impact on Apple's profits and revenues for the foreseeable future. The completely ineffectual male human, reportedly priced at roughly $4.17 million per year, is also expected to both shape and inform all Apple products and their design for years to come.
However, early reports suggest that a majority of the event's attendees were unimpressed by the panicked man, with critics complaining that the creatively bankrupt individual is ''largely useless'' and a stark departure from the company's visionary and industry-leading ethos.
''In terms of reliability, functionality, performance, and overall quality, I'm very underwhelmed by what Apple put out today,'' said TechCrunch blogger Daniel Keison, noting that the utterly uninspiring man was noticeably lower-end, lagged considerably, and came equipped with little to no vision. ''Apple had set the bar really high in the past, and I can't say they're living up to that.''
''Maybe our expectations for them have just become unrealistic at this point,'' Keison said of Apple, which also unveiled a line of other lower-quality panicked men during the event. ''But frankly, what the company showed us today is not really very different from what other tech companies have shown us.''
Industry sources reported that while many loyal Apple customers were largely unenthusiastic about the panicked man, they remained quite happy with the previous model, discontinued in 2011.
DPRK
New South Korean president bans spy agency's domestic operations | intelNews.org
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 15:33
June 5, 2017 by Ian Allen
The new president of South Korea has officially banned the country's spy agency from engaging in domestic intelligence gathering, in a move that some say signals an era of sweeping security reforms in the country. South Korea's intelligence agency, the National Intelligence Service (NIS) fell into disrepute in recent years, after many of its officers were found to have secretly sided with conservative political candidates for public office. In 2015, the NIS' former director, Won Sei-hoon, was jailed for directing intelligence officers to post online criticisms of liberal politicians.
Won headed the NIS from 2008 to 2013, during the administration of conservative President Lee Myung-bak. During the 2012 presidential elections, Won ordered a group of NIS officers to ''flood the Internet'' with messages accusing liberal political candidates of being ''North Korean sympathizers''. One of those candidates, Moon Jae-in, of the left-of-center Democratic Party of Korea, is now the country's president. Moon succeeded his main right-wing rival, Park Geun-hye, who resigned in March of this year following a series of financial scandals. In the months prior to his assumption of the presidency, Moon promised his supporters that he would reform the NIS and prevent it from meddling again into South Korea's domestic political affairs.
Last Thursday, President Moon replaced all of NIS' deputy directors, who are tasked with focusing on North Korea and other foreign countries, espionage and terrorism, and cyber security. Later on the same day, Moon announced the appointment of Suh Hoon as director of NIS. Suh is a career intelligence officer who served as one of NIS' deputy directors until Thursday's appointment. Within hours of his appointment, Suh had ordered the termination of all NIS domestic intelligence-gathering operations and vowed to reform the spy agency once and for all. He also said that he would proceed to dissolve the NIS' domestic wing, and that all such tasks would be transferred to South Korea's National Police Agency. The new NIS director also vowed that, under his leadership, the NIS would become ''a completely different entity'' and that he would apply ''a zero tolerance principle'' in cases of contravention by NIS officers.
Also on Thursday, the NIS issued a press release stating that all domestic operations by the agency had been terminated and that no information was being gathered on government entities, media or other organizations in South Korea.
'–º Author: Ian Allen | Date: 05 June | Permalink
CLIPS AND DOCS
VIDEO - Apple confronts Trump climate agenda during NBA finals - CNET
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:12
Technically Incorrect offers a slightly twisted take on the tech that's taken over our lives.
Beautiful, but threatened.
Apple/YouTube screenshot by Chris Matyszczyk/CNET You might have been excited about Kevin Durant threatening LeBron James's kingdom of basketball on Wednesday night.
Apple decided to interrupt their show with a wistful message about the threats to our very world.
During game No. 3 of the NBA finals, Apple ran an ad that talked about how the Earth itself is "a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena."
Written and narrated by cosmologist Carl Sagan, the ad contrasted beautiful images shot on iPhones with a dire message of environmental danger.
Amid these gorgeous, expansive images, Sagan intoned: "There is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves."
He adds: "There is nowhere else, at least in the near future, to which our species can migrate."
Even halfway through the ad, it's hard not to connect it with Donald Trump's decision last week to withdraw the US from the Paris climate accord, a decision condemned by Apple CEO Tim Cook .
But then Sagan adds: "It underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly with one another and to preserve and cherish the only home we've ever known."
Kindness is in very short supply these days. Instead, rancor is generally the order of the day.
Apple's calm and slightly desperate plea will likely fall on many deaf ears.
Some might think it painful how politics can not only get in the way of science, but disregard it entirely.
Still, Stephen Hawkingfears we only have 100 years left here at best. That's, what, a mere 25 administrations.
It's Complicated: This is dating in the age of apps. Having fun yet? These stories get to the heart of the matter.
Mobile World Congress 2017: All the coolest new phones and wearables from the trade show in Barcelona.
VIDEO - Shaheen says it's too 'sensitive' to discuss her Native American heritage with Elizabeth Warren
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:04
VIDEO - Macho Putin in Driver's Seat as He Takes Oliver Stone for a Ride - Bloomberg
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:03
He could be just another Moscow commuter driving home from the office. Except that's President Vladimir Putin behind the wheel as filmmaker Oliver Stone quizzes him on the fugitive Edward Snowden in a scene from his new documentary on the Russian leader.
The unusually smooth car journey through Moscow's normally traffic-clogged streets isn't the only strange moment in The Putin Interviews, the Oscar-winning director's four-part documentary. While Putin expounds on favorite subjects including U.S. geopolitical overreach, he's also shown staring stone-faced at the classic Cold War doomsday satire Dr. Strangelove. He explained that he never has an off day as president because he's a man.
Vladimir Putin works out.
Photographer: Mikhail Klimentyev/AFP via Getty Images
''I am not a woman, so I don't have bad days,'' he tells Stone while giving a tour of the Kremlin's gilded throne room. ''I am not trying to insult anyone. That's just the nature of things. There are certain natural cycles.''
The director of JFK and Wall Street enjoyed extensive access to Putin for numerous meetings from July 2015 to February 2017, giving viewers a peek into the life of one of the world's most powerful and secretive leaders. The first two hour-long episodes of the Showtime special that airs June 12-15, which were made available to Bloomberg before their release, offered little that's new about the former KGB agent who's ruled Russia for more than 17 years.
Get the latest on global politics in your inbox, every day.
Get our newsletter daily.
The documentary follows on the heels of Putin's interview in this week's debut of NBC News' ''Sunday Night With Megyn Kelly,'' as controversy swirls in the U.S. over alleged Kremlin meddling in the 2016 presidential elections and ties to President Donald Trump. Former FBI Director James Comey, who was fired by Trump last month, is due to testify to the Senate Intelligence Committee on Thursday about investigations into the allegations. Trump has dismissed the claims as ''fake news.''
Flexing MusclesOn the former National Security Agency contractor, Putin told Stone that ''our first contact with Mr. Snowden was in China,'' as he explained that Russia offered asylum because ''we were told back then that this was a person who wanted to fight against violations of human rights.''
Elsewhere, Putin is shown indulging his now-familiar passion for playing ice hockey, and flexing his muscles on an exercise machine. He told Stone that he lifts weights and then swims every day. Putin's also seen feeding carrots to a thoroughbred horse named after Dutch theoretical physicist Johannes Diderik van der Waals at his residence.
Throughout, the three-time Oscar-winner uses an interview style that allows the Russian leader to set the tone, while the documentary avoids fact-checking Putin's remarks or interviewing opposition figures.
'Judo Master'At times, it's the Kremlin leader that seems to be the voice of moderation. Stone, who's previously made films lauding the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Cuban leader Fidel Castro, asks, ''is Wall Street actively working to destroy the Russian economy in the interests of the United States?'' Putin demurs, saying only that the U.S. Administration views Russia as ''a competitor.''
In the barest hint of criticism, Stone also asked Putin if a law passed in 2013 outlawing gay propaganda to minors meant homosexuals faced discrimination. ''There are no restrictions whatsoever,'' Putin said, contrasting Russia with some Islamic states where he said gays face the death penalty.
But asked if he'd take a shower in a submarine next to a gay man, the Russian leader replied, laughing: ''Well, I prefer not to go to the shower with him. Why provoke him? But you know, I'm a judo master.''
While Dr. Strangelove apparently left him unmoved, Putin became more animated discussing what he sees as modern-day challenges to the nuclear theory of mutually assured destruction, particularly the U.S. program to develop a missile-defense shield.
''As of today a missile shield would not protect the territory of the United States,'' he tells Stone after the director points out that it was U.S. Independence Day. ''Nobody would survive'' a war between nuclear superpowers, he said.
VIDEO - CNN Host Takes Shot at Maleness of GOP Senators Working on Healthcare
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:02
VIDEO - Burr to Harris: Allow Deputy AG 'to Answer the Question'
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 11:01
VIDEO - California governor: Trump's decision is crazy - YouTube
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:42
VIDEO - Piers Morgan Grills London Mayor: "Where Are The 400 Jihadis Let Back Into Country?"
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:26
Do you like this article?Piers Morgan and his cohost interviewed the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, on ''Good Morning Britain'' today.
They asked Khan what was being done about the jihadis who fought in Syria and why are they being let back into the country?
According to them, there are about 400 in country and Khan estimated 200 of those came back to London.
His responses to their questions are just unbelievable.
He never actually answers the question and he appears to have absolutely no clue. Relevant part starts at 2:32.
He tries to claim that he doesn't have the resources to be able to follow them and they have to ''prioritize'' things.
Morgan quite logically asks, ''What could be a greater priority? Why is it not the number 1 priority? Why are these people just allowed to come back in in the first place?''
Great question, there is no reason they should be let back in. Going to fight for ISIS should be an automatic loss of citizenship.
So get what Khan is saying. He's saying he doesn't even have the facility to follow or keep tabs on those 200 people.
And they were just talking about the 400 who came back from the battlefield, not even all the jihadis at risk.
By some counts, that number is in the neighborhood of 23,000.
According to the Express:
Then, it was revealed the security services had 500 live investigations into more than 3,000 suspected radical jihadis, including about 400 people who have remarkably been allowed to return to our shores after fighting with terror group Islamic State (ISIS) in Syria.
But, it has since emerged a further 20,000 radical Islamists have been considered a ''person of interest'' to the security services at anyone time, according to a security services source.
That is one scary fact for Londoners and all Britons because that basically means, there's 23,000+ people, many 'known to police' that don't have a prayer of being addressed or followed by the police.
And what else has the Mayor been prioritizing? Climate change.
Well, climate change hasn't killed anyone this week in London.
He should take every dollar, all resources and all personnel on climate change and immediately direct it to resources to follow jihadis.
Or many more people are going to die'...
VIDEO - Thunder - Thunder Clap, Lots of Crackle, Weather Thunder & Lightning, Dr. Sound Effects - YouTube
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:49
VIDEO - California governor: Trump's decision is crazy - YouTube
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:48
VIDEO - VIDEO: Maxine Waters Flips When Asked About Her Retirement Funds From Russia - BAM
Thu, 08 Jun 2017 03:36
New Fleccas Talks Video is from the March For Truth event in LA, where protesters have zero clue as to why they are there or why they should hate Trump. They just know they do. Also Fleccas has an opportunity to interview the Queen Poverty Pimp herself Maxine Waters.
Fleccas asks Maxine Waters about her retirement funds from Russia in the amount of 200,000. You can see that part at the 7:10 mark on the videos timeline.
Watch the entire video below!
Post Views: 8,048
VIDEO - #CONGRESS SHRIEKING OVER CELL TOWER HACK EXPOSING THEIR PHONES - YouTube
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 20:53
VIDEO - Theresa May says she will rip up human rights laws to fight terror
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 11:42
Theresa May has said she will rip up some human rights laws if they "stop us" from tackling terrorism.
Speaking on the election trail, the Prime Minister told supporters she would change any laws that got in the way of preventing jihadis from launching attacks in Britain.
Mrs May used one of her final speeches of the General Election campaign to step up her rhetoric against Islamist extremism in the wake of the London Bridge terror attack that left seven people dead and more than 40 injured.
She said: "As we see the threat changing, evolving becoming a more complex threat, we need to make sure that our police and security and intelligence agencies have the powers they need.
:: Latest updates on London Bridge attack
Video: May: Tough conversations required over terrorism "I mean longer prison sentences for people convicted of terrorist offences. I mean making it easier for the authorities to deport foreign terrorist suspects back to their own countries.
"And I mean doing more to restrict the freedom and the movements of terrorist suspects when we have enough evidence to know they are a threat, but not enough evidence to prosecute them in full in court.
"And if our human rights laws stop us from doing it, we will change the laws so we can do it.
"If I am elected as Prime Minister on Thursday, that work begins on Friday."
:: What we know about the London Bridge killers
Video: Corbyn on whether May should resign Senior Conservative sources indicated they were ready to opt out of the recent provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) if powers to stop suspects using mobile phones and computers or to impose curfews needed to be toughened up.
Mrs May has long made clear her desire to pull out of the ECHR, however, said she would not press forward because there was not an appetite for it.
The party's manifesto states that the UK will remain signed up to the ECHR and any move to pull out would be seen as a departure.
Labour's shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer called the move a "diversionary tactic". He said the suspects in the London terror attacks were not on the radar because risk assessments and resources were an issue.
He said the attackers were not in a position to strike because of the Human Rights Act and accused Mrs May of "throwing up" human rights to deflect from questions over her record as Home Secretary.
Speaking earlier to Sky's political editor Faisal Islam, Mrs May said police and the intelligence services need to launch a review after the three attackers slipped through the net to carry out the atrocity.
Security services have come under pressure after it emerged one of the attackers, Khuram Butt, had been reported to the anti-terror hotline in 2015, when Mrs May was home secretary.
But as well as the focus on what the authorities knew, the PM has come under fire over her record on security in the wake of the terror attack.
:: Victim ran towards danger to help others
Video: Labour police cuts claim 'perverse' Her decision to scrap control orders, which allowed terror suspects to be detained under house arrest, during her time in the Home Office has been questioned.
Mrs May has also been forced to defend her record on police cuts after officer numbers dropped by 20,000 when she was Home Secretary.
On Monday, Jeremy Corbyn appeared to back calls for Mrs May to resign over the cuts - before later seeming to row back.
Reacting to Mrs May's latest comments, the Labour leader said the PM's plans would not deter further attacks.
Video: What we know about the London attackers "We will always keep the law under review, but don't believe would-be terrorists and suicide bombers will be deterred by longer sentences or restricting our rights at home," he said.
"The right response to the recent attacks is to halt the Conservative cuts and invest in our police and security services and protect our democratic values, including the Human Rights Act."
:: London Bridge attackers were part of banned jihadi network
Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron accused Mrs May of launching a "nuclear arms race" on terror laws and claimed she was "simply posturing about being tough on terror".
Liberty director Martha Spurrier said: "If Theresa May does what she threatens, she will go down in history as the prime minister who handed terrorists their greatest victory.
"For cheap political points and headlines, she is willing to undermine our democracy, our freedom and our rights - the very things these violent murderers seek to attack."
VIDEO - 'Nobody would survive': Putin to Oliver Stone on 'hot war' between Russia & US '-- RT News
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 11:39
No country on earth would survive should the world's most powerful nuclear states unleash their atomic weapons, Vladimir Putin has said. His remarks form part of a series of interviews with American film director Oliver Stone.
The question of whether the human race would survive a potential global nuclear war has tormented the minds of generations, and indeed Stone, who wondered if the Russian president believes the US might emerge victorious if such a conflict were to break out.
''In a hot war is the US dominant?'' the American director asked the Russian president.
''I don't think anyone would survive such a conflict,'' Putin replied in a short Showtime teaser, a precursor to a documentary titled 'The Putin Interviews' that will be aired next week.
Putin then proves he has the pulse on Russia's military strategy and tactics. As part of the preview, the clip shows Stone and Putin in the situation room where the Russian leader demonstrated that he is on top of developments playing out in the Syrian military theater.
''Pilot says he is going to make another attempt,'' Putin tells the US director while showing him a live feed from a military jet on a smartphone.
READ MORE: Putin gives Oliver Stone a lift, says Snowden not a traitor, but 'what he did was wrong'
Stone then asks if there's ''any hope of change'' in US-Russian relations, which both countries have acknowledged are at the lowest point since the Cold War.
''There is always hope. Until they are ready to bring us to the cemetery and bury us,'' Putin replied.
Apart from the teaser, Showtime has also uploaded two separate interview segments that touched on Russia-NATO relations and the numerous assassination attempts on the Russian president.
Describing NATO an an instrument of American foreign policy, Putin said the alliance's members inevitably become US ''vassals.''
READ MORE: Putin to Oliver Stone: I suggested Russia joining NATO to Clinton, he 'didn't mind'
''Once a country becomes a NATO member, it is hard to resist the pressures of the US. And all of a sudden any weapons system can be placed in this country. An anti-ballistic missile system, new military bases and if need be, new offensive systems,'' Putin explained.
Russia, Putin says, is forced to take countermeasures over the ever-increasing NATO threat and armed military build-up on Russia's borders.
''We have to aim our missile systems at facilities that are threatening us. The situation becomes more tense,'' Putin said.
In the third clip, published Tuesday by Showtime, Stone claimed he had credible information that the Russian leader survived at least five assassination attempts, which Putin implied were successfully thwarted by his security team.
''I do my job and the Security Officers do theirs, and they are still performing quite successfully,'' Putin said, adding, ''I trust them.''
Recalling a Russian proverb, Putin told Stone that ''those who are destined to be hanged are not going to drown.''
READ MORE: 'It's very important we hear what Putin has to say' '' Oliver Stone
''What is your fate sir, do you know?'' Stone asked.
"Only God knows our destiny '' yours and mine,'' the President replied.
''One day, this is going to happen to each and every one of us. The question is what we will have accomplished by then in this transient world, and whether we'll have enjoyed our life?''
VIDEO - Climate Update: Antarctic Iceshelf Shrinks to Smallest Recorded Size - YouTube
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 01:40
VIDEO - Human Rights lawyer Renata Avila on Laura Poitras' film Risk by LA Audio Service on SoundCloud - Hear the world's sounds
Wed, 07 Jun 2017 01:35
Human Rights lawyer Renata Avila on Laura Poitras' film Risk by LA Audio Service - Listen to musicTo continue, go to Settings and turn it on
Refresh the page to try again.
/gi,scriptTypeRE=/^(?:text|application)\/javascript/i,xmlTypeRE=/^(?:text|application)\/xml/i,jsonType="application/json",htmlType="text/html",blankRE=/^\s*$/,ajax=module.exports=function(options){var settings=extend({},options||{});for(key in ajax.settings)settings[key]===undefined&&(settings[key]=ajax.settings[key]);ajaxStart(settings),settings.crossDomain||(settings.crossDomain=/^([\w-]+:)?\/\/([^\/]+)/.test(settings.url)&&RegExp.$2!=window.location.host);var dataType=settings.dataType,hasPlaceholder=/=\?/.test(settings.url);if(dataType=="jsonp"||hasPlaceholder)return hasPlaceholder||(settings.url=appendQuery(settings.url,"callback=?")),ajax.JSONP(settings);settings.url||(settings.url=window.location.toString()),serializeData(settings);var mime=settings.accepts[dataType],baseHeaders={},protocol=/^([\w-]+:)\/\//.test(settings.url)?RegExp.$1:window.location.protocol,xhr=settings.xhr(),abortTimeout;settings.crossDomain||(baseHeaders["X-Requested-With"]="XMLHttpRequest"),mime&&(baseHeaders.Accept=mime,mime.indexOf(",")>-1&&(mime=mime.split(",",2)[0]),xhr.overrideMimeType&&xhr.overrideMimeType(mime));if(settings.contentType||settings.data&&settings.type.toUpperCase()!="GET")baseHeaders["Content-Type"]=settings.contentType||"application/x-www-form-urlencoded";settings.headers=extend(baseHeaders,settings.headers||{}),xhr.onreadystatechange=function(){if(xhr.readyState==4){clearTimeout(abortTimeout);var result,error=!1;if(xhr.status>=200&&xhr.status0&&(abortTimeout=setTimeout(function(){xhr.onreadystatechange=empty,xhr.abort(),ajaxError(null,"timeout",xhr,settings)},settings.timeout)),xhr.send(settings.data?settings.data:null),xhr)};ajax.active=0,ajax.JSONP=function(e){if("type"in e){var t="jsonp"+ ++jsonpID,n=document.createElement("script"),r=function(){t in window&&(window[t]=empty),ajaxComplete("abort",i,e)},i={abort:r},s,o=document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0]||document.documentElement;return e.error&&(n.onerror=function(){i.abort(),e.error()}),window[t]=function(n){clearTimeout(s),delete window[t],ajaxSuccess(n,i,e)},serializeData(e),n.src=e.url.replace(/=\?/,"="+t),o.insertBefore(n,o.firstChild),e.timeout>0&&(s=setTimeout(function(){i.abort(),ajaxComplete("timeout",i,e)},e.timeout)),i}return ajax(e)},ajax.settings={type:"GET",beforeSend:empty,success:empty,error:empty,complete:empty,context:null,global:!0,xhr:function(){return new window.XMLHttpRequest},accepts:{script:"text/javascript, application/javascript",json:jsonType,xml:"application/xml, text/xml",html:htmlType,text:"text/plain"},crossDomain:!1,timeout:0},ajax.get=function(e,t){return ajax({url:e,success:t})},ajax.post=function(e,t,n,r){return type(t)==="function"&&(r=r||n,n=t,t=null),ajax({type:"POST",url:e,data:t,success:n,dataType:r})},ajax.getJSON=function(e,t){return ajax({url:e,success:t,dataType:"json"})};var escape=encodeURIComponent}), define("classes",["require","exports","module","indexof"],function(e,t,n){function s(e){this.el=e,this.list=e.classList}var r=e("indexof"),i=/\s+/;n.exports=function(e){return new s(e)},s.prototype.add=function(e){if(this.list)return this.list.add(e),this;var t=this.array(),n=r(t,e);return~n||t.push(e),this.el.className=t.join(" "),this},s.prototype.remove=function(e){if(this.list)return this.list.remove(e),this;var t=this.array(),n=r(t,e);return~n&&t.splice(n,1),this.el.className=t.join(" "),this},s.prototype.toggle=function(e){return this.list?(this.list.toggle(e),this):(this.has(e)?this.remove(e):this.add(e),this)},s.prototype.array=function(){var e=this.el.className.split(i);return""===e[0]&&e.pop(),e},s.prototype.has=s.prototype.contains=function(e){return this.list?this.list.contains(e):!!~r(this.array(),e)}}), define("vendor/zepto-events",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){function a(e){return e._zid||(e._zid=i++)}function f(e,t,n,i){t=l(t);if(t.ns)var s=c(t.ns);return(r[a(e)]||[]).filter(function(e){return e&&(!t.e||e.e==t.e)&&(!t.ns||s.test(e.ns))&&(!n||a(e.fn)===a(n))&&(!i||e.sel==i)})}function l(e){var t=(""+e).split(".");return{e:t[0],ns:t.slice(1).sort().join(" ")}}function c(e){return new RegExp("(?:^| )"+e.replace(" "," .* ?")+"(?: |$)")}function h(e,t,n){typeof e!="string"?u.each(e,n):e.split(/\s/).forEach(function(e){n(e,t)})}function p(e,t){return e.del&&(e.e=="focus"||e.e=="blur")||!!t}function d(e){return o[e]||e}var r={},i=1,s={},o={mouseenter:"mouseover",mouseleave:"mouseout"},u={};u.each=function(e){return[].every.call(this,function(t,n){return e.call(t,n,t)!==!1}),this},s.click=s.mousedown=s.mouseup=s.mousemove="MouseEvents",t.add=add=function(e,t,n,i,s,u){var f=a(e),c=r[f]||(r[f]=[]);h(t,n,function(t,n){var r=l(t);r.fn=n,r.sel=i,r.e in o&&(n=function(e){var t=e.relatedTarget;if(!t||t!==this&&!this.contains(t))return r.fn.apply(this,arguments)}),r.del=s&&s(n,t);var a=r.del||n;r.proxy=function(t){var n=a.apply(e,[t].concat(t.data));return n===!1&&(t.preventDefault(),t.stopPropagation()),n},r.i=c.length,c.push(r),e.addEventListener(d(r.e),r.proxy,p(r,u))})},t.remove=remove=function(e,t,n,i,s){var o=a(e);h(t||"",n,function(t,n){f(e,t,n,i).forEach(function(t){delete r[o][t.i],e.removeEventListener(d(t.e),t.proxy,p(t,s))})})};var v=function(){return!0},m=function(){return!1},g=/^([A-Z]|layer[XY]$)/,y={preventDefault:"isDefaultPrevented",stopImmediatePropagation:"isImmediatePropagationStopped",stopPropagation:"isPropagationStopped"};t.createProxy=createProxy=function(e){var t,n={originalEvent:e};for(t in e)!g.test(t)&&e[t]!==undefined&&(n[t]=e[t]);return u.each(y,function(t,r){n[t]=function(){return this[r]=v,e[t].apply(e,arguments)},n[r]=m}),n},t.Event=Event=function(e,t){typeof e!="string"&&(t=e,e=t.type);var n=document.createEvent(s[e]||"Events"),r=!0;if(t)for(var i in t)i=="bubbles"?r=!!t[i]:n[i]=t[i];return n.initEvent(e,r,!0,null,null,null,null,null,null,null,null,null,null,null,null),n.isDefaultPrevented=function(){return this.defaultPrevented},n}}), define("lib/layout",["require","exports","module","underscore","$","lib/backbone","css","lib/helpers/title-helper","lib/lingua","lib/deferred-loader","lib/mixins/layouts/performance-measuring","lib/template"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("$"),s=e("lib/backbone"),o=e("css"),u=e("lib/helpers/title-helper"),a=e("lib/lingua"),f=e("lib/deferred-loader"),l=e("lib/mixins/layouts/performance-measuring"),c=e("lib/template"),h,p,d;h="l-footer",p="views/footer/footer",d=a.t("Enjoy the full SoundCloud experience with our app.",null,{comment:"Default page title"});var v=n.exports=s.View.extend({css:null,template:null,views:null,_currentViews:null,_viewPaths:null,slots:null,includeFooter:".l-main",footerClassName:"",getPageUrn:function(){return""},initialize:function(){this.views={},this._currentViews={}},setArgs:function(e){this.args=e||{}},setup:function(){var e=i.Deferred();return r.defer(e.resolve),e},dispose:function(){r.invoke(this._currentViews,"_dispose"),r.invoke(this.views,"_dispose"),this.$el.remove(),delete this.slots,delete this.views,delete this._viewPaths,delete this._currentViews},switchLayout:function(e){e&&(r.invoke(this._currentViews,"_dispose"),r.invoke(this.views,"_dispose"),this.template=e.template,this.includeFooter=e.includeFooter,this.slots=null,this.$el.html(""))},render:function(){var e,t;return this.includeFooter&&(e=this.views[h]),this.css&&o.insert(this.css),this.el.innerHTML===""&&(c.render(this.template,{},this.el),this.slots={},r.each(this.views,function(e,t){this.slots[t]=this.$("."+t)[0]},this)),r.each(this.views,function(e,t){this._currentViews[t]!==e&&(this._currentViews[t]&&this._currentViews[t]._dispose(),e.render(),t!==h&&this.slots[t].appendChild(e.el),this._currentViews[t]=e)},this),t=this.$(this.includeFooter)[0],t&&e&&(this.footerClassName&&(e.el.className+=" "+this.footerClassName),t.appendChild(e.el)),this},setViews:function(e){this.includeFooter&&(e[h]=[p,{upsellText:this.getUpsellText()}]);var t=Object.keys(e),n=r.pluck(e,0),s=i.Deferred();return f.load(n).done(function(){this._viewPaths={},r.each(arguments,function(r,i){var s=t[i],o=e[s][1];if(!this._currentViews[s]||!this._currentViews[s].isEquivalentTo(r,o))this.views[s]=new r(o);this._viewPaths[s]=n[i]},this)}.bind(this)).done(s.resolve).fail(s.reject),s},getChangeEventData:function(e){var t={};return r.each(this._viewPaths,function(e,n){t[e]=this.views[n].constructorArguments},this),{layout:this,layoutName:e,views:t,args:this.args}},setTitle:function(e){u.set(e)},getUpsellText:function(){return d},t:a.t,tp:a.tp});l.applyTo(v.prototype),u.initialize()}), define("lib/layouts/fullheight.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".l-fullheight{height:100%;background:#000}.l-fullheight>.l-main{height:100%}")),data=null}), define("lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},'
\n'})}), define("lib/views/loading.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".loadingThrobber{background:transparent url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/loader-81295ad2.gif) 50% 50% no-repeat;background-size:32px 32px;clear:both;text-align:center;height:40px;width:100%;padding:100px}.loadingThrobber.small{height:20px;background-size:16px}.loadingThrobber.fullscreen{top:44px;left:0;right:0;bottom:0;position:fixed;background-color:#f2f2f2;height:100%}")),data=null}), define("lib/event-bubble",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){var r=n.exports=Class.extend({_propagate:!0,data:null,initialize:function(e){this.data=e||{}},stopPropagation:function(){this._propagate=!1},isPropagationStopped:function(){return!this._propagate}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/stateful",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/mixin"),s=n.exports=new i({states:null,_states:null,toggleState:function(e,t){var n,i;return this.disposed?this:(this.states||(this.states={}),this.states[e]||(this.states[e]=e),this._states=this._states||{},this._states[e]=this._states[e]||!1,t=typeof t!="undefined"?!!t:!this._states[e],this._states[e]===t?this:(this._states[e]=t,n=this.states[e],typeof n=="string"?(i=n,this.$el[t?"addClass":"removeClass"](i)):r.isFunction(n)?n.call(this,t):n&&n[t?"setup":"teardown"].call(this),this.trigger("state:"+e,t),this))},getState:function(e){return!!this._states&&!!this._states[e]}})}), define("lib/template",["require","exports","module","underscore","vendor/handlebars-runtime","lib/subview-plugin","lib/template-helpers"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("vendor/handlebars-runtime"),s=e("lib/subview-plugin"),o=e("lib/template-helpers");r.each(o,function(e,t){i.registerHelper(t,e)});var u=n.exports={render:function(e,t,n){var r=e(t||{});n&&(n.innerHTML=r)},subviews:function(e){s.replacePlaceholders(e)}}}), define("vendor/handlebars-runtime",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){var r=function(){var e=function(){"use strict";function t(e){this.string=e}var e;return t.prototype.toString=function(){return""+this.string},e=t,e}(),t=function(e){"use strict";function o(e){return r[e]||"&"}function u(e,t){for(var n in t)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(t,n)&&(e[n]=t[n])}function c(e){return e instanceof n?e.toString():!e&&e!==0?"":(e=""+e,s.test(e)?e.replace(i,o):e)}function h(e){return!e&&e!==0?!0:l(e)&&e.length===0?!0:!1}var t={},n=e,r={"&":"&","",'"':""","'":"'","`":"`"},i=/[&"'`]/g,s=/[&"'`]/;t.extend=u;var a=Object.prototype.toString;t.toString=a;var f=function(e){return typeof e=="function"};f(/x/)&&(f=function(e){return typeof e=="function"&&a.call(e)==="[object Function]"});var f;t.isFunction=f;var l=Array.isArray||function(e){return e&&typeof e=="object"?a.call(e)==="[object Array]":!1};return t.isArray=l,t.escapeExpression=c,t.isEmpty=h,t}(e),n=function(){"use strict";function n(e,n){var r;n&&n.firstLine&&(r=n.firstLine,e+=" - "+r+":"+n.firstColumn);var i=Error.prototype.constructor.call(this,e);for(var s=0;s0?e.helpers.each(t,n):r(this):i(t)}),e.registerHelper("each",function(e,t){var n=t.fn,r=t.inverse,i=0,s="",o;f(e)&&(e=e.call(this)),t.data&&(o=m(t.data));if(e&&typeof e=="object")if(a(e))for(var u=e.length;i= 1.0.0"};n.REVISION_CHANGES=u;var a=r.isArray,f=r.isFunction,l=r.toString,c="[object Object]";n.HandlebarsEnvironment=h,h.prototype={constructor:h,logger:d,log:v,registerHelper:function(e,t,n){if(l.call(e)===c){if(n||t)throw new i("Arg not supported with multiple helpers");r.extend(this.helpers,e)}else n&&(t.not=n),this.helpers[e]=t},registerPartial:function(e,t){l.call(e)===c?r.extend(this.partials,e):this.partials[e]=t}};var d={methodMap:{0:"debug",1:"info",2:"warn",3:"error"},DEBUG:0,INFO:1,WARN:2,ERROR:3,level:3,log:function(e,t){if(d.level.header__logo{width:34px}")),data=null}), define("views/header/header.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/header/search-button","views/search/search-box"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' "+o(n.$view.call(t,"views/header/search-button",{hash:{key:"searchButton"},data:i}))+"\n"+o(n.$view.call(t,"views/search/search-box",{hash:{key:"searchBox"},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("lib/helpers/consumer-sub-upsell-helper",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){function i(e){return e.isSnippetized()&&s(e.get("monetization_model")).length>0}function s(e){switch(e){case"SUB_MID_TIER":return[r.productIds.HIGH_TIER];case"SUB_HIGH_TIER":return[r.productIds.HIGH_TIER];default:return[]}}var r=n.exports={monetizationModelToProductIds:s,soundRequiresUpsell:i,productIds:{HIGH_TIER:"go"}}}), define("lib/helpers/firefoxos-helper",["require","exports","module","$"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("$"),i="https://m.soundcloud.com/manifest.webapp",s=n.exports={isAppInstalled:function(){var e=new r.Deferred,t=navigator.mozApps.checkInstalled(i);return t.onsuccess=function(){t.result?e.resolve(!0):e.reject(!1)},e},installApp:function(e){navigator.mozApps.install(i).onsuccess=e}}}), define("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay",["require","exports","module","config","lib/views/mixins/overlay","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/view","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.css","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("config"),i=e("lib/views/mixins/overlay"),s=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),o=e("lib/view"),u=n.exports=o.extend(i,{defaults:{showHeader:!1,closeBehavior:null,style:null,trackingIdentifier:null},parentEl:function(){return r.get("appView").el},transitions:{"in":"fadeIn",out:"fadeOut"},css:e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.css"),template:e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.tmpl"),className:"fullscreen-overlay",bubbleEvents:{"closeButton:click":"close"},setup:function(e){e.animate||(this.transitions=null),e.style&&this.$el.addClass("fullscreen-overlay-"+e.style),this.$el.toggleClass("fullscreen-overlay-show-header",e.showHeader);switch(e.closeBehavior){case"button":this.events={"click .fullscreen-overlay__closeButton":"close"};break;case"background":this.events={click:"close"};break;default:}},getTemplateData:function(e){return{closeWithButton:this.options.closeBehavior==="button"}},onOpen:function(){this.options.trackingIdentifier&&s.action("submit",this.options.trackingIdentifier)},onClose:function(){this.options.trackingIdentifier&&s.action("cancel",this.options.trackingIdentifier+"_cancel")}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/impression-on-render",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=n.exports=new s({applyTo:function(e,t){this.after(e,{renderDecorate:function(){this._trackImpression()},setup:function(){this._trackImpression=r.once(function(){i.impression(t.impressionName,t.data||{})})}})}})}), define("views/banner/launch-app",["require","exports","module","config","lib/native-links","lib/view","lib/tracking/tracking-core","views/banner/launch-app.css","views/banner/launch-app.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function a(e){return function(n){o.trackClickV1({click_category:"upsell",click_name:e,click_object:"launch-app-button"})}}var r=e("config"),i=e("lib/native-links"),s=e("lib/view"),o=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),u=n.exports=s.extend({className:"launchApp",css:e("views/banner/launch-app.css"),template:e("views/banner/launch-app.tmpl"),events:{"click .launchApp__get-app":a("download_app_button:get_app"),"click .launchApp__open-in-app":a("download_app_button:open_in_app")},getTemplateData:function(){return{deepLink:i.getIOSUpsellDeepLink(r.get("router").getLayoutInfo()),storeLink:i.getStoreLink()}}})}), define("lib/native-links",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function x(){return s.iOS||s.android}function T(){return s.iOS&&i.iOSVersion= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression,f=this;o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.shouldUpsell,{hash:{},inverse:f.noop,fn:f.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+='
",s})}), define("views/footer/footer.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".footer{text-align:center;margin:26px 0 0;padding:0 0 18px;display:none}.footer.show{display:block}.app__displayMiniPlayer .footer{padding:0 0 78px}.footer__links,.footer__links a{color:#999;line-height:20px}.footer__links>.localeSelector{color:#38d}.footer__appButtonContainer{margin:0 25px 28px}.footer__appButtonText{color:#333;font-size:16px;text-align:center;margin:0 0 18px}.footerSwitchLink{font-weight:700}")),data=null}), define("lib/helpers/a11y-helper",["require","exports","module","vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("vendor/handlebars-runtime"),i=n.exports={getAccessibleMarkup:function(e){return''+r.Utils.escapeExpression(e.screenreader)+" "+(e.visible?''+r.Utils.escapeExpression(e.visible)+" ":"")}}}), define("lib/helpers/count-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){function a(e){var t=0;return e= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=''+o(n.$t.call(t,"Cancel",{hash:{},data:i}))+'\n '+o(n.$t.call(t,"Select your language",{hash:{},data:i}))+"\n
",s})}), define("lib/helpers/map-to-html-attrs-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=n.exports=function(e){var t=[],n,i;return r.each(e,function(e,s){n=s+'="',i=[],r.isObject(e)?r.each(e,function(e,t){i.push(t+":"+e)}):i.push(e),t.push(n+i.join(";")+'"')}),t.join(" ")}}), define("models/query-suggestion",["require","exports","module","lib/model"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/model"),i=n.exports=r.extend({})}), define("lib/helpers/search-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=["q","q[fulltext]","filter.duration","filter.created_at","filter.license","filter.genre","filter.genre_or_tag","filter.place"],s=n.exports={getValidParams:function(e){return r.pick(e,i)},highlightText:function(e,t,n){if(!t||!t.length||t.length===1&&t[0].start===t[0].end)return e;var i=r.extend({start:"",end:""},n),s=e.split(""),o;for(o=t.length;o--;)s.splice(t[o].end,0,i.end),s.splice(t[o].start,0,i.start);return s.join("")}}}), define("vendor/usertext/usertext",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){(function(){var e,t,r,i,s,o,u,a,f=/\b((?:https?:\/\/|www\d{0,3}\.|(?:[a-z0-9\-]+\.)+[a-z]{2,4}\/)[^\s''"]*[^\s`!()\[\]{};:'".,?>>''''''])/ig,l=/(\b(?:[0-5]?[0-9])(?::[0-5][0-9]){1,2}\b)/g,c=/([a-z0-9._%+\-]+@[a-z0-9.\-]+\.[a-z]{2,6})/gi,h=/(\s|[^\w]|^)@([\w\-]+)/g,p=/( |^)(#([\w-]+))/gm,d=/\{\{\b((?:https?:\/\/|www\d{0,3}\.|(?:[a-z0-9\-]+\.)+[a-z]{2,4}\/)\S*[^\s`!()\[\]{};:'".,?>>''''''])\}\}/ig,v=/\{\{(?:mailto:)?([a-z0-9._%+\-]+@[a-z0-9.\-]+\.[a-z]{2,6})\}\}/gi,m=/\{\{@([\w\-]+)\}\}/gi,g=/^((?:https?:\/\/)?(?:www\.|m\.)?soundcloud\.(?:com|dev))\/?/i,y=/^(?:ht|f)tps?:\/\//i,b=/(?:[ \t]*\r?\n[ \t]*){2,}/,w=/[ \t][ \t]+/g;t={paragraphs:!0,links:!0,externalLinks:!0,internalLinks:!0,userLinks:!0,deepLinks:!1,whitelist:["b","i","em"],internalLinksBaseUrl:"/",isOpeningNewWindow:!1,maxLength:null,truncateExternalLinks:!0,maxExternalLinksLength:50,hashtagLinks:!0},r=function(e){var t,n,r,i,s,o;s=[].slice.call(arguments,1);for(t=0,n=s.length;t0){var n=e.data.length;t-=n,t0);while(r)i=r,r=r.nextSibling,e.removeChild(i)},r.innerHTML=n.innerHTML=e,s(n,i),n.innerHTML+(n.innerHTML===r.innerHTML?"":"'...")},u=function(e,t,n){e=n?e:e.replace(y,"");var r,i,s=/\.[a-z]{2,4}\//,o=e.match(s);return o&&o[0]&&e.length>t?(r=e.search(s)+o[0].length,i=Math.floor((t-r)/2),e.slice(0,r+i)+"'..."+e.slice(-i)):e},e=function(e,n){var s=r({},t,n),E,S,x=s.whitelist&&s.whitelist.slice(),T=document.createElement("div");if(typeof e!="string")return"";s.links?!s.userLinks&&!s.internalLinks&&!s.externalLinks?s.links=!1:x.push("a"):s.userLinks=s.internalLinks=s.externalLinks=!1,f.lastIndex=h.lastIndex=c.lastIndex=0,e=e.replace(//g,"\n\n").replace(/
/g,"\n").replace(w," "),x&&x.length?e=e.replace(new RegExp("]*>","ig"),""):e=e.replace(//g,""),T.innerHTML=e,s.links&&a(T,function(e){e.nodeType===3?e.parentNode.nodeName.toLowerCase()!=="a"&&(e.nodeValue=e.nodeValue.replace(f,"{{$1}}").replace(c,"{{mailto:$1}}").replace(h,"$1{{@$2}}")):e.nodeName==="A"&&(g.test(e.href)&&(e.href=e.href.replace(g,s.internalLinksBaseUrl),e.removeAttribute("target")),e.children.length||(e.innerHTML=u(e.innerHTML,s.maxExternalLinksLength,!0)))}),e=T.innerHTML,s.links&&(e=e.replace(d,function(e,t){return s.internalLinks&&g.test(t)?''+t.replace(y,"")+"":s.externalLinks?''+u(t,s.maxExternalLinksLength)+"":t}).replace(v,'$1').replace(m,'@$1"),s.hashtagLinks&&(e=e.replace(p,'$1$2')),s.deepLinks&&(e=e.replace(l,'$1'))),s.maxLength&&(e=o(e,s.maxLength));if(s.paragraphs){e=e.split(b);for(E=0,S=e.length;E
"),e[E]="
"+e[E]+"
";e=e.join("")}else e=e.replace(/[\r\n]+/g," ").replace(w," ");return e},e.withDefaults=function(n){var i=r({},t,n);return function(t,n){var s=n?r({},i,n):i;return e.call(this,t,s)}},typeof n!="undefined"&&n.exports?n.exports=e:(global=function(){return this}(),global.SC=global.SC||{},global.SC.usertext=e)})()}), define("views/search/query-suggestion.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".querySuggestion{display:block;height:50px}.querySuggestion__result,.querySuggestion__link{height:50px;display:block}.querySuggestion__link{padding:0 16px;color:#333}.querySuggestion__result{line-height:50px;border-bottom:1px solid #d6d6d6;padding:0 0 0 32px;background:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/search/search_input-bd02f9a1.png) 0 14px no-repeat;background-size:18px 18px}.querySuggestion__link:active{background:#f2f2f2}")),data=null}), define("views/search/query-suggestion.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression;s+=' ',o=(o=t&&t.output,typeof o===u?o.apply(t):o);if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+=" \n\n",s})}), define("layouts/listen",["require","exports","module","config","config/error-messages","models/exception","lib/layout","lib/futures","lib/lingua","models/playlist","models/sound","lib/url","lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl","layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl","lib/layouts/fullheight.css","layouts/blocked-listen.css"],function(e,t,n){function m(e,t,n){var r=u.defer();return l.resolve(e,t,n).done(r.resolve).fail(s.ajaxFatal(i.SOUND_NOT_FOUND)),r}function g(e){var t=u.defer(),n,i;return n=r.get("router").getRouteInfo("playlist"),i=n.route.exec(e),i?(i.shift(),n.handler.apply({apply:function(e,n){f.resolve(n.userPermalink,n.playlistPermalink,n.secretToken).done(t.resolve).fail(function(){t.resolve(null)})}},i)):t.resolve(null),t}function y(e,t){if(t){var n=t.findSound(e);n&&n.set(e.attributes,{silent:!0}),e=n||e}return this.setTitle(a.t("[[soundTitle]] by [[authorName]]",{soundTitle:e.get("title"),authorName:e.get("user").username})),e.isBlocked()?(this.switchLayout(d),this.setViews({"l-main":["views/listen/blocked",{resource_id:e.resource_id}]})):(this.switchLayout(p),this.setViews({"l-main":["views/listen/listen-carousel",{resource_id:e.resource_id}],"l-footnote":["views/sound/sound-controls"]}))}var r=e("config"),i=e("config/error-messages"),s=e("models/exception"),o=e("lib/layout"),u=e("lib/futures"),a=e("lib/lingua"),f=e("models/playlist"),l=e("models/sound"),c=e("lib/url"),h=a.t("Enjoy the full SoundCloud experience with our free app."),p={template:e("lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl"),includeFooter:".l-footnote"},d={template:e("layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl"),includeFooter:".l-footnote"},v=n.exports=o.extend({css:[e("lib/layouts/fullheight.css"),e("layouts/blocked-listen.css")],setup:function(e){var t=u.defer(),n,r=[];return r.push(m(e.userPermalink,e.soundPermalink,e.secretToken)),n=c.getQueryParam("in"),n&&r.push(g(n)),this.pageUrn="",u.all(r).then(function(e,t){return this.pageUrn=e.getUrn(),y.call(this,e,t)}.bind(this)).then(t.resolve),t},includeFooter:".l-footnote",getPageUrn:function(){return this.pageUrn},getUpsellText:function(){return h}})}), define("config/error-messages",["require","exports","module","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/lingua"),i=n.exports={UNKNOWN:{title:r.t("Something doesn't sound right."),message:r.t("Refresh the page to try again.")},PAGE_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this page.")},SOUND_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this sound.")},PLAYLIST_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this playlist.")},USER_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this user.")}}}), define("models/exception",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/model"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/model"),o=n.exports=s.extend({url:null,lastFetchTime:1,initialize:function(e){e=e||{},this.id||(e.id=this.id=this.cid,o.instances.set(this.id,this)),this.fatal=!!e.fatal,s.prototype.initialize.apply(this,arguments)}},{raise:function(e,t){var n=new o(e);n.release(),t=t||{};if(t.hard)throw n;i.trigger("exception",n)},ajaxFatal:function(e){return function(t,n){n!=="abort"&&o.raise(r.extend(e,{xhr:t,fatal:!0}))}},ajaxNonFatal:function(e){return function(t,n){n!=="abort"&&o.raise({message:e,xhr:t,fatal:!1})}}})}), define("models/playlist",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","models/audible-interface","lib/backbone","lib/event-bus","lib/model","models/sound","lib/errors/unauthorized-viewer","models/user","lib/mixins/urn"],function(e,t,n){function v(e,t){var n=e[t?"on":"off"].bind(e);n("play",m,this),n("pause",g,this),n("finish",y,this),n("time",b,this),n("seeked",w,this)}function m(e){this._internalNavigation||(E.call(this,e,"play"),this._internalNavigation=!0)}function g(e){this._internalNavigation||(E.call(this,e,"pause"),this._internalNavigation=!0)}function y(e){e.sound===this.soundsCollection.last()&&(E.call(this,e,"pause"),E.call(this,e,"finish"))}function b(e){E.call(this,e,"time")}function w(e){E.call(this,e,"seeked")}function E(e,t){e.playlist=this,this.trigger(t,e),u.trigger("audio:"+t,e)}function S(){var e=[];i.each(this.get("tracks"),function(t){var n,r,s;this.containsSound(t.id)||(s=new f(t),this.addSubmodel(s),r=i.extend({},t,{resource_id:{playlist_id:this.id,sound_id:t.id}}),n=new f(r,{suppressGlobalEvents:!0}),n.playlist=this,n.originalSound=s,e.push(n),v.call(this,n,!0))},this),this.soundsCollection.length===0?this.soundsCollection.reset(e):this.soundsCollection.add(e,{silent:!0})}function x(e,t){var n=e.soundsCollection,r=n.get(t);if(r){var i=n.indexOf(r),s=e.get("tracks").slice();return r.isPlaying()&&r.pause(),s.splice(i,1),n.remove(r),e.set("tracks",s),r.playlist=null,r.release(),!0}return!1}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("models/audible-interface"),o=e("lib/backbone"),u=e("lib/event-bus"),a=e("lib/model"),f=e("models/sound"),l=e("lib/errors/unauthorized-viewer"),c=e("models/user"),h=e("lib/mixins/urn"),p;p=o.Collection.extend({model:f,fetch:function(){return this.playlist.fetch.apply(this.playlist,arguments)},initialize:function(e,t){this.playlist=t.playlist},hasDataForView:function(){return!!this.playlist.attributes.tracks},isFullyPopulated:function(){return!0},_usageCount:function(){return 1},hold:r.noop,release:r.noop});var d=n.exports=s.extend(h,{resource_type:"playlist",urnPrefix:"soundcloud:playlists",submodelMap:{tracks:f,user:c},soundsCollection:null,currentSoundCursor:0,_isPlayActionQueued:!1,_internalNavigation:!1,setup:function(){s.prototype.setup.apply(this,arguments);var e=this,t=this.soundsCollection=new p(null,{playlist:e});t.on("error",function(t,n){n instanceof l&&x(e,t.id)})},baseUrl:function(){return this.getEndpointUrl("playlist",{id:this.id})},parse:function(e){return e=a.prototype.parse.apply(this,arguments),e.secret_token&&e.tracks&&e.tracks.forEach(function(t){t.sharing!=="public"&&(t.secret_token=e.secret_token)}),e.sharing==="private"&&(e.track_count=Math.max(e.track_count,e.tracks.length)),e},createSubmodel:function(e,t){t==="tracks"?S.call(this):a.prototype.createSubmodel.apply(this,arguments)},findSound:function(e){return this.findSoundById(e.id)},containsSound:function(e){return!!this.findSoundById(e)},findSoundById:function(e){return this.soundsCollection.get(e)},getSounds:function(){return this.soundsCollection.models},getNumSounds:function(){return this.soundsCollection.length},getSoundIndex:function(e){return this.soundsCollection.indexOf(e)},getPrevSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor-1)},getCurrentSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor)},getNextSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor+1)},getFirstSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(0)},getLastSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.soundsCollection.length-1)},play:function(e){this.soundsCollection.length?(this._internalNavigation=!1,this.getCurrentSound().audio.play(e)):this.lastFetchTime||(this._isPlayActionQueued=!0,this.fetch().done(function(){this._isPlayActionQueued&&(this._isPlayActionQueued=!1,this.play(e))}.bind(this)))},pause:function(e){this._isPlayActionQueued=!1,this.soundsCollection&&this.soundsCollection.length&&(this._internalNavigation=!1,this.getCurrentSound().audio.pause(e))},rewind:function(){this.currentSoundCursor=0},setCurrentSound:function(e){this.currentSoundCursor=this.getSoundIndex(e)},isPlaying:function(){return this.soundsCollection.some(function(e){return e.isPlaying()})},isPlayable:function(){return this.soundsCollection.every(function(e){return e.isPlayable()})}},{urnPrefix:"soundcloud:playlists",onCleanup:function(e){e.soundsCollection.each(function(e){e.playlist=null,e.release()}),e.soundsCollection.off(),delete e.soundsCollection,s.onCleanup(e)},resolve:function(e,t,n){return a._resolve(this,[e,"sets",t,n],function(n){var r=n.get("user");return r&&n.get("permalink")===t&&r.permalink===e})}})}), define("layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},' \n'})}), define("layouts/blocked-listen.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".l-blockedListen{background-color:#f2f2f2}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked",["require","exports","module","lib/view","views/listen/blocked.css","views/listen/blocked.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/view"),i=n.exports=r.extend({css:e("views/listen/blocked.css"),template:e("views/listen/blocked.tmpl"),className:"blockedTrack"})}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel",["require","exports","module","underscore","$","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","config","lib/futures","lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source","lib/play-manager","router","models/sound","views/sound/sound","lib/helpers/style-helper","lib/view","lib/window-events","views/listen/listen-carousel.css","views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function b(e){var t=e?"on":"off";v[t]("resize:debounced",P,this),f[t]("change:currentSound",w,this)}function w(e){e.isGoingForward&&e.prev?E.call(this,e.current.resource_id,!0):e.isGoingForward===!1&&E.call(this,e.current.resource_id),T(this,e.current)}function E(e,t){var n=t?0:3,r=t?2:0,i=t?C:N;this.animationPromise=this.animationPromise.then(function(){if(this.disposed)return;var n=this.$("."+this.itemClassName);return x.call(this,e,r),t?k.call(this,[n[1],n[2]],"left"):k.call(this,[n[0],n[1]],"right")}.bind(this)).then(function(){if(this.disposed)return;i(this.getElement("wrapper")[0],A.call(this));var e=this.$("."+this.itemClassName);e[n].parentNode.removeChild(e[n]),L([e[1],e[2]])}.bind(this))}function S(e){var t="sound_"+e,n=this.subviews[t];return n||(n=new h({resource_id:e}),this.addSubview(n.render(),t)),n}function x(e,t){var n=S.call(this,e),r=this.$("."+this.itemClassName)[t];r&&(r.innerHTML="",r.appendChild(n.el))}function T(e,t){var n=l.getRoute("listen",t);n?o.get("router").navigate(n,{trigger:!1,replace:!0}):t.once("change:permalink",function(){!e.disposed&&f.getCurrentSound()===t&&T(e,t)})}function N(e,t){e.insertBefore(t,e.firstChild)}function C(e,t){e.appendChild(t)}function k(e,t){t=t==="left"?-this._carouselWidth:this._carouselWidth;var n="transform: translate3d("+t+"px , 0, 0);";return e.forEach(function(e){e.className+=" g-transition-translate",p(e,n)}),u.delay(m)}function L(e){var t="transform: none;";e.forEach(function(e){i(e).removeClass("g-transition-translate"),p(e,t)})}function A(){var e=document.createElement("div");return e.className=this.itemClassName,O.call(this,e,this._carouselWidth),e}function O(e,t){e.style.width=t+"px"}function M(e){this.elWidth=this.el.offsetWidth,this.$el.find(".listenCarousel__itemWrapper").each(function(t){O(t,e)})}function _(e){var t=this.getElement("wrapper")[0],n=-1*e;p(t,"transform: translate("+n+"px, 0)"),t.style.width=3*e+"px"}function D(){return this._carouselWidth=this.el.offsetWidth,this._carouselWidth}function P(){var e=D.call(this);_.call(this,e),M.call(this,e)}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("$"),s=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),o=e("config"),u=e("lib/futures"),a=e("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source"),f=e("lib/play-manager"),l=e("router"),c=e("models/sound"),h=e("views/sound/sound"),p=e("lib/helpers/style-helper"),d=e("lib/view"),v=e("lib/window-events"),m=250,g,y=n.exports=d.extend(s,a,{css:e("views/listen/listen-carousel.css"),template:e("views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl"),className:"listenCarousel",itemClassName:"listenCarousel__itemWrapper",element2selector:{wrapper:".listenCarousel__wrapper"},states:{transitionTranslate:function(e){this.getElement("wrapper")[e?"addClass":"removeClass"]("g-transition-translate")}},ModelClass:c,getQueueSource:function(){return this.model.playlist||this.model},cursor:-1,animationPromise:null,setup:function(){this.animationPromise=u.resolve(),this.$el.one("pointerdown",g.bind(this)),b.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){b.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){P.call(this),x.call(this,this.model.resource_id,1)}.bind(this))},teardown:function(){clearTimeout(this._fetchNeighborSoundsId)}});g=r.once(function(){var e=this.getQueueSource();e&&!e.isPlaying()&&this.playAudible(e,{userInitiated:!0})})}), define("views/sound/sound-controls",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments","lib/native-links","lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper","lib/play-manager","lib/view","views/sound/sound-controls.css","views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function p(e){this.getState("disabled")||a[e==="prev"?"playPrev":"playNext"]({userInitiated:!0})}function d(){this.getState("disabled")||(a.toggleCurrent({userInitiated:!0}),this.experiments.get("mweb_listening","open_app_store_on_play")==="experiment_group"&&o.useDeeplinks()&&u())}function v(){var e=a.getCurrentSound(),t=!!e&&!!e.isLoading(),n=!a.hasCurrentSound(),r=n||!a.hasPrevSound(),i=n||!a.hasNextSound(),s=n||e.isBlocked();this.toggleState("loading",t).toggleState("prevDisabled",r).toggleState("nextDisabled",i).toggleState("playDisabled",s).toggleState("disabled",n)}function m(){this.toggleState("paused",!0).toggleState("playing",!1),v.call(this)}function g(){this.toggleState("playing",!0).toggleState("paused",!1),v.call(this)}function y(){this.toggleState("initializing",!0),this.addDeferred(r.delay(function(){this.toggleState("initializing",!1),this.toggleState("initialized",!0)}.bind(this),l))}function b(){this.toggleState("scrubbing",!0)}function w(){this.toggleState("scrubbing",!1)}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments"),o=e("lib/native-links"),u=e("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper"),a=e("lib/play-manager"),f=e("lib/view"),l=2e3,c=250,h=n.exports=f.extend(s,{css:e("views/sound/sound-controls.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl"),className:"soundControls sc-selection-disabled",tagName:"section",events:{"click .soundControls__prev":"onClickPrev","click .soundControls__next":"onClickNext","click .soundControls__playPause":d},states:{loading:"loading",playing:"playing",paused:"paused",playDisabled:"playDisabled",prevDisabled:"prevDisabled",nextDisabled:"nextDisabled",disabled:"disabled",initializing:"initializing",initialized:"initialized"},setup:function(){this.listenTo(i,"audio:play",g).listenTo(i,"audio:pause",m).listenTo(i,"scrub:start",b).listenTo(i,"scrub:end",w).listenToOnce(i,"audio:play",y)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=a.getCurrentSound();e&&e.isPlaying()&&this.toggleState("initialized",!0).toggleState("playing",!0).toggleState("paused",!1)},dispose:function(){this.stopListening()},onClickNext:r.debounce(function(){p.call(this,"next")},c,!0),onClickPrev:r.debounce(function(){p.call(this,"prev")},c,!0)})}), define("views/listen/blocked.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".blockedTrack__sound{width:100%;height:0;padding-bottom:100%;position:relative}.blockedTrack__soundInner{position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;right:0}.blockedTrack__suggestions{background-color:#fff}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/sound/sound","views/listen/blocked-suggestions"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/sound",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_type)},data:i}))+'
\n \n '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/blocked-suggestions",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_type)},data:i}))+"\n
\n",s})}), define("lib/views/mixins/audible-control",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/play-manager","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){function u(e,t){var n,i=r.extend(t||{},{audible:e});return this.bubble?n=this.bubble("requestPlayContext",i):n={data:i},n}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/play-manager"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=n.exports=new s({toggleAudible:function(e,t){this[e.isPlaying()?"pauseAudible":"playAudible"](e,t)},playAudible:function(e,t){i.saveLayout(),i.play(e,this.getPlayContext(e,t))},pauseAudible:function(e,t){i.pause(e,this.getPlayContext(e,t))},getPlayContext:function(e,t){var n=u.call(this,e,t);return n.data},toggleSource:function(e,t){var n=i.getCurrentSound();i.source===e&&i.sourceCursor>-1&&n&&n.isPlaying()?i.pauseCurrent(t):(i.saveLayout(),i.playSource(e,t))}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/mixin","lib/play-manager","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){var t=e?"on":"off";i[t]("audio:play",l,this)[t]("audio:pause",c,this)}function l(e){h.call(this,e.sound)}function c(e){h.call(this,e.sound)}function h(e){this.toggleState("playing",p.call(this,e))}function p(e){e=e||o.getCurrentSound();if(!e||!e.isPlaying())return!1;var t=this.getQueueSource(),n=t&&t.getSounds();return!!n&&n.indexOf(e)>-1}function d(e){var t=e.data,n=t.audible,r=this.getQueueSource();return r&&o.indexOfSoundInSource(n.getCurrentSound(),r)>-1}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=e("lib/play-manager"),u=e("lib/url"),a=n.exports=new s({defaults:{getQueueSource:function(){return this.collection||this.model},getRestoreUrl:function(){return u.currentPath()}},applyTo:function(e){e.bubbleEvents=r.extend(e.bubbleEvents||{},{requestPlayContext:"onRequestPlayContext"})},onRequestPlayContext:function(e){d.call(this,e)&&(e.stopPropagation(),r.extend(e.data,{source:this.getQueueSource(),restoreUrl:this.getRestoreUrl()}))},before:{setup:function(){f.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){f.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=this.getQueueSource(),t=0;e&&o.setInitialSource(e,t,this.getRestoreUrl()),h.call(this)},teardown:function(){var e=this.getQueueSource();e&&o.unsetInitialSource(e)}}})}), define("views/sound/sound",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","lib/helpers/count-helper","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/event-bus","vendor/experiments/experiments","lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments","lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay","lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source","lib/helpers/image-helper","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content","lib/lingua","lib/native-links","lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper","lib/play-manager","models/sound","lib/views/mixins/swipeable","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/view","views/sound/sound.css","views/sound/sound.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function x(){this.model.get("playable")||this.getElement("info").addClass("disabled"),this.toggleState("blocked",this.model.isBlocked())}function T(){w.action("navigate","user")}function N(){this.toggleAudible(this.model,{userInitiated:!0,context:this.getContextData()}),this.experiments.get("mweb_listening","open_app_store_on_play")==="experiment_group"&&v.useDeeplinks()&&m()}function C(e){e.originalEvent.stopPropagation()}function k(e){w.action("submit","like"),v.useDeeplinks()&&(this.subviews.likeAppUpsellModal||this.addSubview(new l({style:"dark",showHeader:!0,closeBehavior:"background",trackingIdentifier:"get_the_app::like",Subview:p}),"likeAppUpsellModal"),this.subviews.likeAppUpsellModal.open())}function L(){this.toggleState("paused",!0),this.toggleState("playing",!1)}function A(){this.toggleState("paused",!1),this.toggleState("playing",!0)}function O(){this.getState("paused")||(this._wasPaused=this.getState("paused"),this.toggleState("paused",!0))}function M(){this.toggleState("paused",this._wasPaused)}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),i=e("lib/helpers/count-helper"),s=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper").device,o=e("lib/event-bus"),u=e("vendor/experiments/experiments"),a=e("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments"),f=e("lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader"),l=e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay"),c=e("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source"),h=e("lib/helpers/image-helper"),p=e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content"),d=e("lib/lingua"),v=e("lib/native-links"),m=e("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper"),g=e("lib/play-manager"),y=e("models/sound"),b=e("lib/views/mixins/swipeable"),w=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),E=e("lib/view"),S=n.exports=E.extend(a,f,r,c,b,{swipeableSelector:".sound__artwork",ModelClass:y,css:e("views/sound/sound.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound.tmpl"),className:"sound g-box-full",element2selector:{info:".sound__info",artwork:".sound__artworkImage"},requiredAttributes:["user","title"],events:{"click .sound__artwork":N,"click .sound__info":T,"click .sound__likes":k,"pointerdown .sound__artwork":C,"pointerdown .sound__likes":C},bubbleEvents:{scrubStart:O,scrubEnd:M},states:{"show-likes":"show-likes",go:"go"},_wasPaused:!1,setup:function(){this.el.className+=" "+s.brand,this.listenTo(o,"audio:pause",L).listenTo(o,"audio:play",A).model.on("change:playable",this.rerender,this),this.toggleState("go",this.model.isHighTier()),this.toggleState("show-likes",u.get("mweb_listening","like_button_upsell")==="enabled")},getTemplateData:function(e){return this.getState("show-likes")&&(e.likes_count_info={count:i.render(e.likes_count,{useSIUnits:!0}),fullMessage:d.tp("1 Like","%d Likes",e.likes_count,null,{comment:"How many times the track was Liked"})}),e.isBlocked=this.model.isBlocked(),e},dispose:function(){this.stopListening().model.off("change:playable",this.rerender,this)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=h.urlFrom(this.model.toJSON(),500),t=this.getElement("artwork")[0];h.fadeInBackground(e,t),x.call(this),this.model.playlist&&g.backfillHistoryFromPlaylist(this.model,this.model.playlist)},getQueueSource:function(){return this.model.playlist||this.model},onSwipeLeft:function(){g.playNext({userInitiated:!0})},onSwipeRight:function(){g.playPrev({userInitiated:!0})}})}), define("lib/helpers/style-helper",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){function o(e,t,n){return e.style[t]=n,!0}function u(e){return e in document.documentElement.style}var r={transform:["webkit"]},i=Object.keys(r),s=n.exports=function(e,t){t=t.replace(";","");var n=t.split(":"),s=n[0],a=n[1],f=!1;return u(s)&&(f=o(e,s,a)),!f&&i.indexOf(s)>-1&&(f=r[s].some(function(t){var n="-"+t+"-"+s;if(u(n))return o(e,n,a)})),f}}), define("lib/window-events",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","lib/backbone","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){function l(e,t){var n=t+"d",r=e==="resize"?c(n):f.trigger.bind(f,e+":"+n);return i[t](r,a)}function c(e){var t=window.innerWidth,n=window.innerHeight,r=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:x:"+e),i=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:y:"+e),s=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:"+e);return function(e){var o=window.innerWidth,u=window.innerHeight;o!==t&&r(e),u!==n&&i(e),s(e),n=u,t=o}}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("lib/backbone"),o=e("lib/support"),u=o.orientationChange?"orientationchange":"resize",a=200,f=n.exports=i.extend({},s.Events);r(window).on(u,l("resize","debounce")).on(u,l("resize","throttle")).on("scroll",l("scroll","debounce")).on("scroll",l("scroll","throttle"))}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".listenCarousel{position:relative;width:100%;height:100%;overflow:hidden}.listenCarousel__wrapper{height:100%}.listenCarousel__itemWrapper{float:left;height:100%}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},' \n'})}), define("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","vendor/experiments/experiments","config/experiments","vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway","lib/mixin","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function v(){return h||(h=r.Deferred()),h}function m(){return c||(c=s.initialize(o).fetchAssignments().done(function(e){v().resolve(),s.setExperimentsFromQueryParams(l.getQueryParams()),u.setExperiments(e)}).fail(function(){c=null,h=null,f.whenRequestAllowed=p})),c}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("vendor/experiments/experiments"),o=e("config/experiments"),u=e("vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway"),a=e("lib/mixin"),f=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),l=e("lib/url"),c,h,p=f.whenRequestAllowed,d=n.exports=new a({experiments:s,around:{hasData:function(e){return e.call(this)&&s.isUpToDate(s.getAssignments(),o.version)},fetchData:function(e,t){var n=[t?e.call(this,t):r.Deferred().resolve()],i=r.Deferred();return this.addDeferred(i),s.isUpToDate(s.getAssignments(),o.version)||n.push(m.call(this)),r.when(n).done(function(e){i.resolve(e)}).fail(function(){i.reject()}),i.done(this.rerender.bind(this)),i}},before:{setup:i.once(function(){s.getAssignments()||f.deferRequests(v)})}})}), define("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/native-links"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/native-links");n.exports=r.once(function(){window.open(i.getStoreLink(),"_blank")})}), define("views/sound/sound-controls.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".soundControls{height:80px;position:absolute;top:50%;left:0;right:0;margin-top:-40px;-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,0,0);pointer-events:none}.soundControls__control{background-position:0 0;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:100% auto;position:absolute;pointer-events:auto}.soundControls__prev,.soundControls__next{background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/skip_button-e03e9a61.png);width:28px;height:19px;top:30px;opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 2s cubic-bezier(1,.01,.81,1);transition:opacity 2s cubic-bezier(1,.01,.81,1)}.soundControls__prev{left:17px}.soundControls__next{right:17px;-webkit-transform:scaleX(-1);-ms-transform:scaleX(-1);transform:scaleX(-1)}.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__playPause,.soundControls.playing .soundControls__playPause:active,.soundControls.loading .soundControls__playPause:active{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,.5)}.soundControls.playing .soundControls__playPause,.soundControls.loading .soundControls__playPause{background-position:0 0}.soundControls__prev:active,.soundControls__next:active{background-position:0 -19px}.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__next,.soundControls.nextDisabled .soundControls__next,.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__prev,.soundControls.prevDisabled .soundControls__prev,.soundControls.playDisabled .soundControls__playPause{display:none}.initialized .soundControls__playPause{opacity:0}.initializing .soundControls__next,.initializing .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__next,.paused .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__playPause{opacity:1}.paused .soundControls__next,.paused .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__playPause{-webkit-transition:none;transition:none}.soundControls.scrubbing{display:none}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=''+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Previous track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on prev button"},data:i})},data:i}))+'\n'+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Play or pause track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on play/pause button"},data:i})},data:i}))+'\n'+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Next track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on next button"},data:i})},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/charts-helper","collections/chart-tracks","collections/related-sounds","models/sound","lib/view","views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css","views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function c(){return this.relatedSounds.isFullyPopulated()||h.call(this)}function h(){return this.relatedSounds.length>=f}var r=e("lib/helpers/charts-helper"),i=e("collections/chart-tracks"),s=e("collections/related-sounds"),o=e("models/sound"),u=e("lib/view"),a="top",f=3,l=n.exports=u.extend({css:e("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css"),template:e("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl"),className:"blockedSuggestions",ModelClass:o,requiredAttributes:["genre"],setup:function(e){this.relatedSounds=new s(null,{resource_id:e.resource_id,resource_type:e.resource_type}),this.setupCollectionListeners(this.relatedSounds)},dispose:function(){this.teardownCollectionListeners(this.relatedSounds),this.relatedSounds.release()},hasData:function(){return u.prototype.hasData.apply(this,arguments)&&c.call(this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=e.useFallback=!h.call(this),n=this.options.resource_id,o=r.userGenreToChartGenre(e.genre).id;return t?(e.tagline=r.taglines(a,o).short,e.getSuggestionsCollection=function(){return new i(null,{genre:o,chartKind:a})}):e.getSuggestionsCollection=function(){return new s(null,{resource_id:n})},e},fetchData:function(){return c.call(this)?u.prototype.fetchData.apply(this,arguments):this.relatedSounds.bulkFetch(f)}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader",["require","exports","module","lib/views/loading","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/views/loading"),i=e("lib/mixin"),s=n.exports=new i({override:{LoadingView:r,loadingViewArgs:function(){return{size:"fullscreen"}}}})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/lingua","lib/view","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css"],function(e,t,n){function u(e){this.bubble("closeButton:click")}function a(e){e.stopPropagation()}var r=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper").device,i=e("lib/lingua"),s=e("lib/view"),o=n.exports=s.extend({template:e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl"),css:e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css"),className:"likeAppUpsellContent g-align-vertical",events:{"click .likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton":u,click:a},setup:function(e){this.el.className+=" "+r.brand},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=r.iOS?i.t("Get our iPhone app to save this track to your likes, create playlists and more."):i.t("Get our Android app to save this track to your likes, create playlists and more.");return{upsellIcon:"https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/interstitial/like-upsell/heart-android-280d5bc8.png",upsellHeader:i.t("Try our app.It's even better"),upsellContent:t}}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/swipeable",["require","exports","module","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){function s(e){var t=e.data.direction;t==="left"&&this.onSwipeLeft?this.onSwipeLeft():this.onSwipeRight&&this.onSwipeRight(),e.originalEvent.preventDefault()}var r=e("lib/mixin"),i=n.exports=new r({defaults:{swipeableSelector:null},after:{renderDecorate:function(){this.$el.on("swipe",this.swipeableSelector,s.bind(this))}}})}), define("views/sound/sound.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".sound__info{position:absolute;z-index:1;top:20px;left:18px;right:18px}.sound__username{font-size:15px;line-height:22px}.sound__username a{color:#ccc}.sound__title{font-size:22px;line-height:1.3}.sound__controls{position:absolute;top:50%;left:0;right:0;height:80px;margin-top:-50px}.sound__infoContent{margin:0 0 4px}.sound__artwork,.sound__artworkOverlay{position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;width:100%}.sound__artworkOverlay{height:100%;opacity:0;background:#000}.sound__playIndicator{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,-3px,0);transform:translate3d(0,-3px,0)}.sound__likes{color:#fff;position:absolute;bottom:12px;right:20px;line-height:39px;padding:0 10px 0 5px;font-size:14px}.sound__likes:before{width:35px;height:35px;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/like_button-280d5bc8.png);background-size:35px 35px}.iOS .sound__likes{right:auto;left:20px;border-radius:4px;height:33px;line-height:33px;background:rgba(0,0,0,.3);border:1px solid transparent}.sound.iOS.blocked .sound__likes,.sound.iOS.paused .sound__likes{background:none;border-color:rgba(255,255,255);border-color:rgba(255,255,255,.2)}.iOS .sound__likes:before{width:25px;height:25px;background-size:25px 25px;margin-top:4px}.sound__blockedMessage{color:#ccc;position:absolute;text-align:center;font-size:15px;line-height:18px;width:80%;left:0;right:0;margin:0 auto;top:40%;padding:102px 18px 0;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/geoblock-5a813d34.png);background-size:68px 84px;background-position:center top;background-repeat:no-repeat}.sound.playing .sound__playIndicator{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,0,0);transform:translate3d(0,0,0)}.sound.go .sound__playIndicator{background:linear-gradient(to right,#7d01a1,#f50)}.sound__info.disabled>.sound__infoDisabled{display:block}.sound__infoDisabled{display:none;position:absolute;background:rgba(0,0,0,.2);top:0;left:0;right:0;bottom:0}.sound.blocked .sound__artworkOverlay,.sound.paused .sound__artworkOverlay{opacity:.6}.sound.paused .sound__username,.sound.blocked .sound__username,.sound.paused .sound__title,.sound.blocked .sound__title{background:none;box-shadow:none}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/banner/banner","views/sound/waveform"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){var r="";return r+='
'+u(n.$t.call(e,"Not available inyour country",{hash:{},data:t}))+"
\n",r}function c(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.playable,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(6,p,t),fn:a.program(4,h,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/sound/waveform",{hash:{resource_id:e&&e._resource_id,resource_type:e&&e._resource_type},data:t}))+" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.likes_count_info,{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(9,v,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+="\n",r}function h(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/banner/banner",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}function p(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n.$view.call(e,"views/banner/banner",{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(7,d,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+=" ",r}function d(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$t.call(e,"We're sorry, that track isn't available on mobile.",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}function v(e,t){var r="",i;return r+=' '+u(n.$a11y.call(e,{hash:{visible:(i=e&&e.likes_count_info,i==null||i===!1?i:i.count),screenreader:(i=e&&e.likes_count_info,i==null||i===!1?i:i.fullMessage)},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a=this,f="function";s+=' \n '+u((o=t&&t.title,typeof o===f?o.apply(t):o))+'
\n ',o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.isBlocked,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(3,c,i),fn:a.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="\n",s})}), define("config/experiments",["require","exports","module","lib/endpoints","vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/endpoints"),i=e("vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway"),s=e("lib/support"),o=n.exports={version:"23-05-2016_15:35",availableLayers:["mweb_listening"],anonymousUserId:i.getAnonymousId(),assignmentServiceUrl:r.getEndpointUrl("assignments"),localStorageKey:"MW::local::assignments",localStorageEnabled:s.localStorage}}), define("lib/helpers/charts-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua","shared/config/charts"],function(e,t,n){function u(e){return e.toLowerCase().replace(/[^a-z]/g,"").replace(/^(drumnbass|dn?b)$/,"drumbass").replace(/^(rn?b|soul)$/,"rbsoul").replace(/^(rap|hiphop)$/,"hiphoprap").replace(/^folk$/,"folksingersongwriter").replace(/^(jazz|blues)$/,"jazzblues").replace(/^(dance|edm)$/,"danceedm")}function a(e){return r.findWhere(s.genres,{id:e})}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/lingua"),s=e("shared/config/charts"),o=n.exports={genreLabel:function(e){return l[e]},genres:function(e){return r.where(s.genres,{category:e})},getGenre:a,genreUrn:function(e){return"soundcloud:genres:"+e},chartKindLabel:function(e){return f[e]},chartKinds:function(){return s.kinds},userGenreToChartGenre:function(e){return e&&a(u(e))||a("all-music")},taglines:function(e,t){var n=o.genreLabel(t),r=o.getGenre(t),s=r.category,u=r.content,a=[s,e,u].join("-");switch(a){case"all-trending-music":return{"short":i.t("New & hot tracks"),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming tracks on SoundCloud")};case"all-trending-audio":return{"short":i.t("New & hot audio"),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming audio on SoundCloud")};case"all-top-music":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 tracks"),"long":i.t("The most played tracks on SoundCloud this week")};case"all-top-audio":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 audio"),"long":i.t("The most played audio on SoundCloud this week")};case"music-trending-music":return{"short":i.t("New & hot in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"New & hot music tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming tracks in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud",{genreLabel:n})};case"music-top-music":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Top 50 music tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("The most played tracks in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud this week",{genreLabel:n})};case"audio-trending-audio":return{"short":i.t("New & hot in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"New & hot audio tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Up-and-coming audio tracks in (a genre)"})};case"audio-top-audio":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Top 50 audio tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("The most played in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud this week",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"The most played audio tracks in (a genre)"})};default:}}},f={trending:i.t("New & hot"),top:i.t("Top 50")},l={"all-music":i.t("All music genres"),"all-audio":i.t("All audio genres"),alternativerock:i.t("Alternative Rock"),ambient:i.t("Ambient"),classical:i.t("Classical"),country:i.t("Country"),danceedm:i.t("Dance & EDM"),dancehall:i.t("Dancehall"),deephouse:i.t("Deep House"),disco:i.t("Disco"),drumbass:i.t("Drum & Bass"),dubstep:i.t("Dubstep"),electronic:i.t("Electronic"),folksingersongwriter:i.t("Folk & Singer-Songwriter"),hiphoprap:i.t("Hip-hop & Rap"),house:i.t("House"),indie:i.t("Indie"),jazzblues:i.t("Jazz & Blues"),latin:i.t("Latin"),metal:i.t("Metal"),piano:i.t("Piano"),pop:i.t("Pop"),rbsoul:i.t("R&B & Soul"),reggae:i.t("Reggae"),reggaeton:i.t("Reggaeton"),rock:i.t("Rock"),soundtrack:i.t("Soundtrack"),speech:i.t("Speech"),techno:i.t("Techno"),trance:i.t("Trance"),trap:i.t("Trap"),triphop:i.t("Triphop"),world:i.t("World"),audiobooks:i.t("Audiobooks"),business:i.t("Business"),comedy:i.t("Comedy"),entertainment:i.t("Entertainment"),learning:i.t("Learning"),newspolitics:i.t("News & Politics"),religionspirituality:i.t("Religion & Spirituality"),science:i.t("Science"),sports:i.t("Sports"),storytelling:i.t("Storytelling"),technology:i.t("Technology")}}), define("collections/chart-tracks",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/mixins/audio-source","lib/helpers/charts-helper","lib/collection","models/sound"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/mixins/audio-source"),s=e("lib/helpers/charts-helper"),o=e("lib/collection"),u=e("models/sound"),a=n.exports=o.extend(i,{model:u,baseUrl:function(){return this.getEndpointUrl("charts",{},{kind:this.options.chartKind,genre:s.genreUrn(this.options.genre)})},getSourceInfo:function(){return{type:"charts"}},getSounds:function(){return this.models},parse:function(e){return r.pluck(e.collection,"track")}})}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".blockedSuggestions__section{padding:0 10px}.blockedSuggestions__heading{border-bottom:1px solid #f3f3f3;line-height:55px}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","lib/views/sounds-list"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){var n="",r;return n+=" "+a((r=e&&e.tagline,typeof r===u?r.apply(e):r))+" ",n}function c(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+a(n.$t.call(e,"Try playing these related tracks",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression,f=this;s+=' ',o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.useFallback,{hash:{},inverse:f.program(3,c,i),fn:f.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="
\n \n"+a(n.$view.call(t,"lib/views/sounds-list",{hash:{getCollection:t&&t.getSuggestionsCollection},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/app-buttons/app-buttons"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a="function";s+=''+u(n.$t.call(t,"Close",{hash:{},data:i}))+' '+u((o=t&&t.upsellContent,typeof o===a?o.apply(t):o))+"\n
"+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/app-buttons/app-buttons",{hash:{},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".likeAppUpsellContent{background:#fff;padding:24px 24px 0;position:absolute;top:50%;left:50%;transform:translate(-50%,-50%)}.likeAppUpsellContent__image{display:block;margin:0 auto}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS{border-radius:6px;padding-bottom:19px;text-align:center;width:300px}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .likeAppUpsellContent__messageHeader{margin-top:20px;font-size:16;color:#333}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .likeAppUpsellContent__messageContent{margin-top:18px;font-size:14;color:#999}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .appButtons{margin-top:20px}.likeAppUpsellContent.android{border-radius:2px;padding-bottom:16px;text-align:left;width:280px}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .likeAppUpsellContent__messageHeader{margin-top:24px;font-size:16;color:#333}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .likeAppUpsellContent__messageContent{margin-top:20px;font-size:14;color:#999}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .appButtons{margin-top:32px}.likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton{position:absolute;top:13px;right:11px;border:0;overflow:hidden;background-color:transparent;width:11px;height:11px}.likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton:before{width:11px;height:11px;background:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/interstitial/dialog_close-a797f6bf.png);background-size:11px 11px;float:left;content:''}")),data=null}), define("views/banner/banner",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/view","views/banner/banner.css"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/view"),s=n.exports=i.extend({className:"banner g-z-index-banner",css:e("views/banner/banner.css"),template:function(){return""},defaults:{message:null},setup:function(e){this.options.message=e.message||e.blockContent,this.toggleState("disabled",!0),r.bindAll(this,"setBanner")},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){var e=this.options;!r.isEmpty(e)&&!r.isEmpty(r.compact(r.values(e)))&&this.setBanner(e)}.bind(this))},setBanner:function(e){if(!e||!e.message)return;var t=this.el,n=e.message;n&&this.getState("disabled")?(this.toggleState("disabled",!1),t.innerHTML=e.message,t.style.top=e.position):n&&!this.getState("disabled")?t.innerHTML=e.message:this.toggleState("disabled",!0)}})}), define("views/sound/waveform",["require","exports","module","views/sound/waveform-canvas","lib/math","models/sound","lib/helpers/style-helper","lib/view","views/sound/waveform.tmpl","views/sound/waveform.css"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.model[t]("play pause",l,this)[t]("position",c,this)}function l(){this.toggleState("playing",this.model.isPlaying())}function c(){this._isScrubbing||h.call(this,this.model.currentTime()/this.model.duration())}function h(e){if(!this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed)return;var t=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth,n=this.model.getMediaDuration()/this.model.duration();e=i.clamp(e,0,n),o(this.getElement("waveformPlayed")[0],"transform: translateX("+(t-Math.floor(t*e))+"px)"),o(this.getElement("waveformUnplayed")[0],"transform: translateX("+ -Math.floor(t*e)+"px)")}function p(e){var t=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth,n=this._currentSeek+e*t,r=this.model.getMediaDuration()/this.model.duration();this._currentSeek=i.clamp(n,0,r*t),this._isScrubbing&&(h.call(this,this._currentSeek/t),this.subviews.timeIndicator.manualProgress(this._currentSeek/t))}function d(){this._isScrubbing=!0,this.subviews.timeIndicator.toggleScrubbing(!0),this.toggleState("scrubbing",!0)}function v(){var e=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth;this.model.seek(this.model.duration()*(this._currentSeek/e)),this._isScrubbing=!1,this.subviews.timeIndicator.toggleScrubbing(!1),this.toggleState("scrubbing",!1)}function m(e){p.call(this,e.data.delta)}var r=e("views/sound/waveform-canvas").Events,i=e("lib/math"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/helpers/style-helper"),u=e("lib/view"),a=n.exports=u.extend({template:e("views/sound/waveform.tmpl"),css:e("views/sound/waveform.css"),className:"waveform sc-selection-disabled g-opacity-transition",ModelClass:s,element2selector:{waveformPlayed:".waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed > canvas",waveformUnplayed:".waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed > canvas"},bubbleEvents:{scrubStart:d,scrub:m,scrubEnd:v},defaults:{upperPartHeight:.7},requiredAttributes:["id","waveform_url","state"],setup:function(){this.toggleState("visual",this.options.visual),this._currentSeek=0,f.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){f.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.on(r.RENDERED,function(){this.toggleState("visible",!0),l.call(this)},this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=this.options;return{model:e,upperPartHeight:t.upperPartHeight,upperPartHeightPercent:t.upperPartHeight*100+"%"}}})}), define("shared/config/charts",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){n.exports={defaultKind:"top",defaultGenre:"all-music",kinds:[{id:"top",urlPart:"top"},{id:"trending",urlPart:"new"}],genres:[{id:"all-music",category:"all",content:"music"},{id:"all-audio",category:"all",content:"audio"},{id:"alternativerock",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"ambient",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"classical",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"country",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"danceedm",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"dancehall",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"deephouse",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"disco",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"drumbass",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"dubstep",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"electronic",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"folksingersongwriter",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"hiphoprap",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"house",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"indie",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"jazzblues",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"latin",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"metal",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"piano",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"pop",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"rbsoul",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"reggae",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"reggaeton",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"rock",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"soundtrack",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"techno",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"trance",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"trap",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"triphop",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"world",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"audiobooks",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"business",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"comedy",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"entertainment",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"learning",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"newspolitics",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"religionspirituality",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"science",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"sports",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"storytelling",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"technology",category:"audio",content:"audio"}]}}), define("lib/views/sounds-list",["require","exports","module","lib/views/list","views/sound/sound-badge"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/views/list"),i=e("views/sound/sound-badge"),s=n.exports=r.extend({Subview:i,defaults:{maxDisplay:3,getCollection:null},className:"g-list",itemClassName:"g-list-item",setup:function(e){this.collection=e.getCollection()}})}), define("views/banner/banner.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".banner.disabled{display:none}.banner{position:absolute;left:0;width:100%;height:36px;line-height:36px;background:#000;background:rgba(0,0,0,.8);color:#e5e5e5;text-align:center;font-size:13px}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/waveform-canvas",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/views/canvas-view","vendor/color/color","config","models/sound","lib/store","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){function E(){if(this.disposed)return;if(!this.waveformData){T.call(this).done(this.renderWaveform.bind(this));return}var e=this.options;this.clearCanvas(),S({waveform:this.waveformData,duration:this.model.duration(),mediaDuration:this.model.getMediaDuration(),scaledWidth:this.elWidth,scaledHeight:this.elHeight,context:this.context,bgColor:e.bgColor,bottomBgColor:e.bottomBgColor,upperPartHeight:e.upperPartHeight,upperAlpha:e.upperAlpha,lowerAlpha:e.lowerAlpha}),this.trigger(w.Events.RENDERED)}function S(e){var t=e.waveform,n=e.scaledWidth,r=e.scaledHeight,i=e.upperPartHeight,o=e.context,u=Math.round(i*r),a=r-u,f=n/t.length,l=s(e.bgColor),c=s(e.bottomBgColor),h,p,m,b,w,E=l.rgba(e.upperAlpha),S=c.rgba(e.lowerAlpha),x=l.rgba(e.upperAlpha*y),T=l.rgba(e.lowerAlpha*y),N=Math.ceil(e.mediaDuration/e.duration*n);for(h=0;h-1?C():b.get(r);return i?t.resolve({data:i}):(t.done(function(e){b.set(e.key,e.data)}),x(r).done(function(e){t.resolve({key:r,data:e.samples.reduce(N(e.height),new l(e.samples.length))})}).fail(function(){t.resolve({key:r,data:C()})})),t.done(function(e){this.waveformData=e.data}.bind(this)),t.promise()}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/views/canvas-view"),s=e("vendor/color/color"),o=e("config"),u=e("models/sound"),a=e("lib/store"),f=e("lib/support"),l=f.typedArrays?Uint8Array:Array,c="/images/player-waveform-medium.png",h=500,p=1800,d=140,v=2,m=1,g=v+m,y=.2,b=new a({maxLength:h}),w=n.exports=i.extend({className:"g-box-full waveformCanvas",defaults:{bgColor:"#333333",bottomBgColor:"#EEEEEE",lowerAlpha:1,upperAlpha:1,upperPartHeight:.61},ModelClass:u,requiredAttributes:["waveform_url"],waveformData:null,onCanvasInserted:E,onCanvasResize:E,renderWaveform:E,renderWaveformDecorate:$.noop},{Events:{RENDERED:"waveform-canvas.rendered"}}),N=r.memoize(function(e){return function(t,n,r){return t[r]=e-n,t}}),C=r.memoize(function(){var e=new l(p);for(var t=0;t = 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression;return s+='
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/waveform-canvas",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"waveformCanvasPlayed",bgColor:"#FF6600",bottomBgColor:"#ffa366",className:"g-moving-element"},data:i}))+'
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/waveform-canvas",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"waveformCanvasUnplayed",bgColor:"#FFFFFF",bottomBgColor:"#B3B3B3",className:"g-moving-element"},data:i}))+'
\n '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/time-indicator",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"timeIndicator"},data:i}))+'\n
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/scrubber",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type)},data:i}))+"\n
",s})}), define("views/sound/waveform.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".waveform{height:100%;pointer-events:none}.waveform,.waveform__layer{width:100%;position:absolute}.waveform__layer{height:87px;bottom:18%;overflow:hidden;pointer-events:auto;-ms-touch-action:none;touch-action:none}.waveform__layer .waveform__layer{bottom:0}.waveform__timeIndicator{position:absolute;bottom:18%;margin-bottom:34px;display:inline-block;left:50%;-webkit-transform:translateX(-50%);transform:translateX(-50%);transition:bottom .15s linear;z-index:2}.waveform:not(.playing) .waveform__timeIndicator .timeIndicator__container,.waveform.scrubbing .waveform__timeIndicator .timeIndicator__container{background:none}.waveform.scrubbing .waveform__timeIndicator{bottom:46%;transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.51,.37,.61,1.6);transition-duration:.25s}.waveform.scrubbing .timeIndicator__text{font-size:20px}.waveform__waveformCanvases{clip:rect(50px,auto,53px,0);-webkit-transform:scaleY(.5);transform:scaleY(.5);-webkit-transform-origin:0 54px;transform-origin:0 54px;-webkit-transition:all .2s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1);transition:all .2s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1);z-index:0}.waveform.playing .waveform__waveformCanvases{clip:rect(0,auto,87px,0);-webkit-transform:scaleY(1);transform:scaleY(1);transition:all .45s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1.45);-webkit-transition:all .45s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1.45)}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed,.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed{z-index:1}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed{right:50%}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed canvas{-webkit-transform:translateX(100%);transform:translateX(100%)}.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed{left:50%}.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed canvas{-webkit-transform:translateX(0);transform:translateX(0)}.waveform__scrubber{z-index:3}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-badge",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","config","lib/helpers/datetime-helper","lib/views/mixins/deferred-images","models/sound","lib/view","views/sound/sound-badge.css","views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function l(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.model[t]("play pause",c,this)}function c(){h.call(this)}function h(){if(this.disposed)return;this.toggleState("playing",this.model.isPlaying())}function p(e){var t=this.model;if(t.isBlocked()){e.preventDefault();return}t.isPlaying()||this.playAudible(t,{userInitiated:!0,context:this.getContextData()})}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),i=e("config"),s=e("lib/helpers/datetime-helper"),o=e("lib/views/mixins/deferred-images"),u=e("models/sound"),a=e("lib/view"),f=n.exports=a.extend(r,o,{css:e("views/sound/sound-badge.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl"),ModelClass:u,className:"soundBadge g-badge",requiredAttributes:["permalink_url","user","title"],events:{click:p},setup:function(){l.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){l.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.toggleState("go",this.model.isHighTier()),h.call(this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=i.get("router").getLayoutInfo(),n=t&&t.args,r=n&&n.username;return e.timecode=s.timecode(e.duration),e.isReposted&&t.layoutName==="user-profile"&&(e.layoutUsername=r),e.isBlocked=this.model.isBlocked(),e.isSnippetized=this.model.isSnippetized(),e}})}), define("lib/views/canvas-view",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/view","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function a(){try{var e=this.el.offsetWidth,t=this.el.offsetHeight;if(this.elWidth!==e||this.elHeight!==t)f.call(this,e,t),this.onCanvasResize()}catch(n){}}function f(e,t){this.elWidth=e||this.el.offsetWidth,this.elHeight=t||this.el.offsetHeight,r.device.dpi==="hdpi"&&o!==1?(this.el.setAttribute("width",this.elWidth*o),this.el.setAttribute("height",this.elHeight*o),this.context.scale(o,o)):(this.el.setAttribute("width",this.elWidth),this.el.setAttribute("height",this.elHeight))}var r=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper"),i=e("lib/view"),s=e("lib/window-events"),o=r.device.devicePixelRatio/r.browser.backingStoreRatio,u=n.exports=i.extend({tagName:"canvas",className:"g-box-full",context:null,template:function(){return""},_setup:function(){this.context=this.el.getContext("2d"),s.on("resize:debounced",a,this),i.prototype._setup.apply(this,arguments)},_dispose:function(){if(this.disposed)return;s.off("resize:debounced",a,this),delete this.context,delete this.elWidth,delete this.elHeight,i.prototype._dispose.apply(this,arguments)},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){f.call(this),this.onCanvasInserted()}.bind(this))},onCanvasInserted:$.noop,onCanvasResize:$.noop,forceResize:function(){this._onWindowResize()},clearCanvas:function(){this.context&&this.context.clearRect(0,0,this.elWidth,this.elHeight)}})}), define("vendor/color/color",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){(function(){function f(e){return e===void 0}function l(e){return parseInt(e,16)}function c(e){return parseInt(e,10)}function h(e){return e.length===1?"0"+e:""+e}function p(e){return typeof e=="string"&&e.indexOf(".")!==-1&&parseFloat(e)===1}function d(e){return typeof e=="string"&&e.indexOf("%")!==-1}function v(e){return o(1,u(0,e))}function m(e,t){p(e)&&(e="100%");var n=d(e);return e=o(t,u(0,parseFloat(e))),n&&(e=parseInt(e*t,10)/100),r.abs(e-t)r.brightness&&n.color>r.color?A(e):A(t)}var e=/^[\s,#]+/,t=/\s+$/,r=Math,i=r.abs,s=r.round,o=r.min,u=r.max,a=function(){var e="[-\\+]?\\d+%?",t="[-\\+]?\\d*\\.\\d+%?",n="(?:"+t+")|(?:"+e+")",r="[\\s|\\(]+("+n+")[,|\\s]+("+n+")[,|\\s]+("+n+")\\s*\\)?";return{rgb:new RegExp("rgb"+r),hsl:new RegExp("hsl"+r),hex3:/^([0-9a-fA-F]{1})([0-9a-fA-F]{1})([0-9a-fA-F]{1})$/,hex6:/^([0-9a-fA-F]{2})([0-9a-fA-F]{2})([0-9a-fA-F]{2})$/}}(),A=function(e){var t=E(e);return{hue:function(e){return S.call(this,e)},darken:function(e){return x.call(this,e)},lighten:function(e){return T.call(this,e)},analogous:function(e,t){return N.call(this,e,t)},readable:function(e){return k.call(this,e)},diff:function(e){return C.call(this,e)},contrast:function(e,t){return L.call(this,e,t)},hex:function(){return t?"#"+g(t):null},toRgb:function(){return t},isValid:function(){return t?!0:!1},rgb:function(){return t?"rgb("+[s(t.r),s(t.g),s(t.b)].join(", ")+")":null},rgba:function(e){return t?"rgba("+[s(t.r),s(t.g),s(t.b),f(e)?1:v(e)].join(", ")+")":null},toHsl:function(){return b(t)},hsl:function(){var e=b(t);return t?"hsl("+e.h+", "+e.s+"%, "+e.l+"%)":null}}};typeof n!="undefined"&&n.exports?n.exports=A:(global=function(){return this}(),global.SC=global.SC||{},global.SC.color=A)})()}), define("views/listen/time-indicator",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/helpers/datetime-helper","lib/views/progress-bar","views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl","views/listen/time-indicator.css"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/helpers/datetime-helper"),s=e("lib/views/progress-bar"),o=1e3/60,u=n.exports=s.extend({template:e("views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl"),css:e("views/listen/time-indicator.css"),className:"timeIndicator",element2selector:{current:".timeIndicator__current"},setup:function(){s.prototype.setup.apply(this,arguments),this._isScrubbing=!1,this.updateTimeDisplay=r.throttle(this.updateTimeDisplay.bind(this),o)},getTemplateData:function(e){e.timecode=i.timecode(this.model.getMediaDuration())},manualProgress:function(e){this.updateTimeDisplay(e*this.model.duration())},updateProgress:function(e){this._isScrubbing||this.updateTimeDisplay(e)},toggleScrubbing:function(e){this._isScrubbing=e},updateTimeDisplay:function(e){var t=e?e:this.model.currentTime();t=Math.floor(t/1e3+.1)*1e3,this.getElement("current")[0].innerHTML=i.timecode(t)}})}), define("views/listen/scrubber",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/draggable","lib/event-bus","models/sound","lib/view"],function(e,t,n){function a(){i.trigger("scrub:start"),this.bubble("scrubStart")}function f(e){this.bubble("scrub",{delta:e.data.delta})}function l(){i.trigger("scrub:end"),this.bubble("scrubEnd")}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/draggable"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/view"),u=n.exports=o.extend(r,{className:"scrubber g-box-full",template:function(){return""},ModelClass:s,events:{"draggable-start":a,"draggable-drag":f,"draggable-end":l},setup:function(){this.el.style.background="rgba(0,0,0,0)"}})}), define("lib/helpers/datetime-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/lingua"),s=1e3,o=6e4,u=36e5,a={inWords:!1},f=n.exports={timecode:function(e,t){var n,f;return t=t||{},t=r.defaults(t,a),isNaN(e)?e:(n=[],f={h:Math.floor(e/u),m:Math.floor(e/o%60),s:Math.floor(e/s%60)},t.inWords?(f.h>0&&n.push(i.tp("1 hour","%d hours",f.h)),f.m>0&&n.push(i.tp("1 minute","%d minutes",f.m)),(f.s>0||f.m===0&&f.h===0)&&n.push(i.tp("1 second","%d seconds",f.s)),n.join(" ")):(f.h>0&&n.push(f.h),n.push(f.m0?"0"+f.m:f.m,f.s=e.top&&g(e,t)},this)}function g(e){var t=e.element,n=t.getAttribute("data-src");e.loading=!0,u.load(n).done(function(){var e=r(t);t.tagName==="IMG"?t.src=n:t.style.backgroundImage="url("+n+")",e.hasClass("image__defer")&&(e.removeClass("image__defer"),t.removeAttribute("data-src"),o(t))})}function y(){var e=s.get("appView").nativeScrollEl;return e?e[0].scrollTop:window.pageYOffset}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("config"),o=e("lib/css-transitions").fadeIn,u=e("lib/helpers/image-helper"),a=e("lib/mixin"),f=300,l={},c=window.innerHeight/2,h=!1,p,d=n.exports=new a({after:{renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(v.bind(this))}},storeDeferredImages:function(){this.$(".image__defer").each(function(e){var t=i.uniqueId();l[t]={top:e.getBoundingClientRect().top+window.pageYOffset,element:e,loading:!1}})}})}), define("views/sound/sound-badge.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".soundBadge .soundBadge__playing{display:none}.soundBadge.playing .soundBadge__playing{display:block}.soundBadge.playing .soundBadge__indicator{display:none}.soundBadge .soundBadge__artwork{position:relative}.soundBadge .soundBadge__artwork::after{display:none;content:'';position:absolute;width:23px;height:20px;background-size:23px 20px;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/go-plus-tag-5a7a7f9f.svg);top:-5px;right:-5px}.soundBadge.go .soundBadge__artwork::after{display:block}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/stats/sound-stats","lib/views/promoted"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){return" g-badge-disabled"}function c(e,t){return" g-badge-title-disabled"}function h(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Not available in your country",{hash:{},data:t}))+"
",r}function p(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.isReposted,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(10,v,t),fn:a.program(8,d,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+=" ",r}function d(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Reposted by [[username]]",{hash:{username:e&&e.layoutUsername},data:t}))+"
",r}function v(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/stats/sound-stats",{hash:{resource_id:e&&e._resource_id},data:t}))+"
",r}function m(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Preview",{hash:{_context:"track",_comment:"An audio snippet of a track"},data:t}))+"
",r}function g(e,t){var n="",r;return n+=' '+u((r=e&&e.timecode,typeof r===f?r.apply(e):r))+"
",n}function y(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"lib/views/promoted",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a=this,f="function";s+=' '+u(n.$image.call(t,t,{hash:{size:60,defer:!0},data:i}))+'
",o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.is_promoted,{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(16,y,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="\n\n",s})}), define("lib/views/progress-bar",["require","exports","module","underscore","$","models/sound","lib/view","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function p(e){var t=e?"on":"off";a[t]("pointerup",w,this)[t]("pointerdown",b,this),u[t]("resize:debounced",N,this)[t]("resize:debounced",this.getWidth.bind(this,!0),this),this.model[t]("finish",g,this)[t]("seeked",m,this)[t]("manually-seeked",m,this)[t]("play",v,this)[t]("pause",d,this)}function d(){T.call(this)}function v(){x.call(this)}function m(){y.call(this)}function g(){y.call(this)}function y(){var e=this.model.currentTime();if(this.disposed||this.isUserScrubbing&&!e)return;this.playedProgress=e?E.call(this,e):this.getPlayedProgress(),this.updateProgress(e)}function b(){this.isUserScrubbing=!0}function w(){r.delay(function(){this.isUserScrubbing=!1}.bind(this),c)}function E(e){return e/this.model.duration()}function S(e){var t=this._throttleTime,n;!e&&!this.isUserScrubbing&&y.call(this),n=Math.max(f,t&&t-this.model.currentTime()%t),this._throttleTimeout=setTimeout(S.bind(this,this.isUserScrubbing),n)}function x(){this.model.isPlaying()&&(this._throttleTime||N.call(this),this._throttleTimeout||S.call(this))}function T(){clearTimeout(this._throttleTimeout),this._throttleTimeout=null}function N(){if(this.disposed)return;var e=this.el.clientWidth,t;e!==this._lastContainerSize&&(this._lastContainerSize=e,t=this.model.duration(),this._throttleTime=Math.max(f,Math.floor(t/e)),this._throttleTime=Math.min(this._throttleTime,l))}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("$"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/view"),u=e("lib/window-events"),a=i(document),f=50,l=250,c=300,h=n.exports=o.extend({ModelClass:s,setup:function(){this.loadedProgress=this.getLoadedProgress(),this.playedProgress=this.getPlayedProgress(),this.isFullyLoaded=!1,this.isUserScrubbing=!1,p.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){p.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){x.call(this)},teardown:function(){T.call(this)},updateProgress:i.noop,getLoadedProgress:function(){return this.model.loadProgress()},getPlayedProgress:function(){return this.model.currentTime()},calculateProgressPixels:function(e){return Math.floor(this.getWidth()*e)},getWidth:function(e){return e=this.el.parentNode?e:!0,this._width=e?this.el.offsetWidth:this._width||this.el.offsetWidth,this._width}})}), define("views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' 0.00 | '+a((o=t&&t.timecode,typeof o===u?o.apply(t):o))+" \n
\n",s})}), define("views/listen/time-indicator.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".timeIndicator__container{background:rgba(0,0,0,.8);height:20px;line-height:20px;font-size:0;white-space:nowrap}.timeIndicator__current{color:#fff}.timeIndicator__text{font-size:12px;transition:font-size .15s cubic-bezier(.51,.37,.61,1.6)}.timeIndicator__current,.timeIndicator__total{padding:0 5px}.timeIndicator__divider,.timeIndicator__total{color:#999}")),data=null}), define("lib/views/mixins/draggable",["require","exports","module","$","lib/animation","lib/mixin","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){this.el=e,this.width=null,this.coords=null,this.reset(),this.onPointerMove=p.bind(this),this.onPointerUp=d.bind(this),this.onPointerDown=h.bind(this),l.call(this,!0)}function l(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.el[t?"addEventListener":"removeEventListener"]("pointerdown",this.onPointerDown),o[t?"on":"off"]("resize:debounced",v,this)}function c(e){var t=e?"on":"off";u[t]("pointerup",this.onPointerUp)[t]("pointermove",this.onPointerMove)}function h(e){this.kineticMoveAnimation&&this.kineticMoveAnimation.reject(),this.dispatchEvent("start"),this.dispatchEvent("drag",0),this.lastPointerX=e.x,c.call(this,!0)}function p(e){e.maskedEvent?e.maskedEvent.preventDefault():e.preventDefault();var t=e.x,n=this.lastPointerX-t;this.startMoveTimestamp=this.startMoveTimestamp||Date.now(),this.deltas.push(n),this.lastPointerX=t,(n>.01||n0?1:-1,t=this.deltas.reduce(function(e,t){return e+Math.abs(t)},0),n=t/this.deltas.length,n.l-main{height:100%}")),data=null}), define("lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},'
\n'})}), define("lib/views/loading.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".loadingThrobber{background:transparent url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/loader-81295ad2.gif) 50% 50% no-repeat;background-size:32px 32px;clear:both;text-align:center;height:40px;width:100%;padding:100px}.loadingThrobber.small{height:20px;background-size:16px}.loadingThrobber.fullscreen{top:44px;left:0;right:0;bottom:0;position:fixed;background-color:#f2f2f2;height:100%}")),data=null}), define("lib/event-bubble",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){var r=n.exports=Class.extend({_propagate:!0,data:null,initialize:function(e){this.data=e||{}},stopPropagation:function(){this._propagate=!1},isPropagationStopped:function(){return!this._propagate}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/stateful",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/mixin"),s=n.exports=new i({states:null,_states:null,toggleState:function(e,t){var n,i;return this.disposed?this:(this.states||(this.states={}),this.states[e]||(this.states[e]=e),this._states=this._states||{},this._states[e]=this._states[e]||!1,t=typeof t!="undefined"?!!t:!this._states[e],this._states[e]===t?this:(this._states[e]=t,n=this.states[e],typeof n=="string"?(i=n,this.$el[t?"addClass":"removeClass"](i)):r.isFunction(n)?n.call(this,t):n&&n[t?"setup":"teardown"].call(this),this.trigger("state:"+e,t),this))},getState:function(e){return!!this._states&&!!this._states[e]}})}), define("lib/template",["require","exports","module","underscore","vendor/handlebars-runtime","lib/subview-plugin","lib/template-helpers"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("vendor/handlebars-runtime"),s=e("lib/subview-plugin"),o=e("lib/template-helpers");r.each(o,function(e,t){i.registerHelper(t,e)});var u=n.exports={render:function(e,t,n){var r=e(t||{});n&&(n.innerHTML=r)},subviews:function(e){s.replacePlaceholders(e)}}}), define("vendor/handlebars-runtime",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){var r=function(){var e=function(){"use strict";function t(e){this.string=e}var e;return t.prototype.toString=function(){return""+this.string},e=t,e}(),t=function(e){"use strict";function o(e){return r[e]||"&"}function u(e,t){for(var n in t)Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(t,n)&&(e[n]=t[n])}function c(e){return e instanceof n?e.toString():!e&&e!==0?"":(e=""+e,s.test(e)?e.replace(i,o):e)}function h(e){return!e&&e!==0?!0:l(e)&&e.length===0?!0:!1}var t={},n=e,r={"&":"&","",'"':""","'":"'","`":"`"},i=/[&"'`]/g,s=/[&"'`]/;t.extend=u;var a=Object.prototype.toString;t.toString=a;var f=function(e){return typeof e=="function"};f(/x/)&&(f=function(e){return typeof e=="function"&&a.call(e)==="[object Function]"});var f;t.isFunction=f;var l=Array.isArray||function(e){return e&&typeof e=="object"?a.call(e)==="[object Array]":!1};return t.isArray=l,t.escapeExpression=c,t.isEmpty=h,t}(e),n=function(){"use strict";function n(e,n){var r;n&&n.firstLine&&(r=n.firstLine,e+=" - "+r+":"+n.firstColumn);var i=Error.prototype.constructor.call(this,e);for(var s=0;s0?e.helpers.each(t,n):r(this):i(t)}),e.registerHelper("each",function(e,t){var n=t.fn,r=t.inverse,i=0,s="",o;f(e)&&(e=e.call(this)),t.data&&(o=m(t.data));if(e&&typeof e=="object")if(a(e))for(var u=e.length;i= 1.0.0"};n.REVISION_CHANGES=u;var a=r.isArray,f=r.isFunction,l=r.toString,c="[object Object]";n.HandlebarsEnvironment=h,h.prototype={constructor:h,logger:d,log:v,registerHelper:function(e,t,n){if(l.call(e)===c){if(n||t)throw new i("Arg not supported with multiple helpers");r.extend(this.helpers,e)}else n&&(t.not=n),this.helpers[e]=t},registerPartial:function(e,t){l.call(e)===c?r.extend(this.partials,e):this.partials[e]=t}};var d={methodMap:{0:"debug",1:"info",2:"warn",3:"error"},DEBUG:0,INFO:1,WARN:2,ERROR:3,level:3,log:function(e,t){if(d.level.header__logo{width:34px}")),data=null}), define("views/header/header.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/header/search-button","views/search/search-box"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' "+o(n.$view.call(t,"views/header/search-button",{hash:{key:"searchButton"},data:i}))+"\n"+o(n.$view.call(t,"views/search/search-box",{hash:{key:"searchBox"},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("lib/helpers/consumer-sub-upsell-helper",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){function i(e){return e.isSnippetized()&&s(e.get("monetization_model")).length>0}function s(e){switch(e){case"SUB_MID_TIER":return[r.productIds.HIGH_TIER];case"SUB_HIGH_TIER":return[r.productIds.HIGH_TIER];default:return[]}}var r=n.exports={monetizationModelToProductIds:s,soundRequiresUpsell:i,productIds:{HIGH_TIER:"go"}}}), define("lib/helpers/firefoxos-helper",["require","exports","module","$"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("$"),i="https://m.soundcloud.com/manifest.webapp",s=n.exports={isAppInstalled:function(){var e=new r.Deferred,t=navigator.mozApps.checkInstalled(i);return t.onsuccess=function(){t.result?e.resolve(!0):e.reject(!1)},e},installApp:function(e){navigator.mozApps.install(i).onsuccess=e}}}), define("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay",["require","exports","module","config","lib/views/mixins/overlay","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/view","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.css","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("config"),i=e("lib/views/mixins/overlay"),s=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),o=e("lib/view"),u=n.exports=o.extend(i,{defaults:{showHeader:!1,closeBehavior:null,style:null,trackingIdentifier:null},parentEl:function(){return r.get("appView").el},transitions:{"in":"fadeIn",out:"fadeOut"},css:e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.css"),template:e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay.tmpl"),className:"fullscreen-overlay",bubbleEvents:{"closeButton:click":"close"},setup:function(e){e.animate||(this.transitions=null),e.style&&this.$el.addClass("fullscreen-overlay-"+e.style),this.$el.toggleClass("fullscreen-overlay-show-header",e.showHeader);switch(e.closeBehavior){case"button":this.events={"click .fullscreen-overlay__closeButton":"close"};break;case"background":this.events={click:"close"};break;default:}},getTemplateData:function(e){return{closeWithButton:this.options.closeBehavior==="button"}},onOpen:function(){this.options.trackingIdentifier&&s.action("submit",this.options.trackingIdentifier)},onClose:function(){this.options.trackingIdentifier&&s.action("cancel",this.options.trackingIdentifier+"_cancel")}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/impression-on-render",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=n.exports=new s({applyTo:function(e,t){this.after(e,{renderDecorate:function(){this._trackImpression()},setup:function(){this._trackImpression=r.once(function(){i.impression(t.impressionName,t.data||{})})}})}})}), define("views/banner/launch-app",["require","exports","module","config","lib/native-links","lib/view","lib/tracking/tracking-core","views/banner/launch-app.css","views/banner/launch-app.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function a(e){return function(n){o.trackClickV1({click_category:"upsell",click_name:e,click_object:"launch-app-button"})}}var r=e("config"),i=e("lib/native-links"),s=e("lib/view"),o=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),u=n.exports=s.extend({className:"launchApp",css:e("views/banner/launch-app.css"),template:e("views/banner/launch-app.tmpl"),events:{"click .launchApp__get-app":a("download_app_button:get_app"),"click .launchApp__open-in-app":a("download_app_button:open_in_app")},getTemplateData:function(){return{deepLink:i.getIOSUpsellDeepLink(r.get("router").getLayoutInfo()),storeLink:i.getStoreLink()}}})}), define("lib/native-links",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function x(){return s.iOS||s.android}function T(){return s.iOS&&i.iOSVersion= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression,f=this;o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.shouldUpsell,{hash:{},inverse:f.noop,fn:f.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+='
",s})}), define("views/footer/footer.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".footer{text-align:center;margin:26px 0 0;padding:0 0 18px;display:none}.footer.show{display:block}.app__displayMiniPlayer .footer{padding:0 0 78px}.footer__links,.footer__links a{color:#999;line-height:20px}.footer__links>.localeSelector{color:#38d}.footer__appButtonContainer{margin:0 25px 28px}.footer__appButtonText{color:#333;font-size:16px;text-align:center;margin:0 0 18px}.footerSwitchLink{font-weight:700}")),data=null}), define("lib/helpers/a11y-helper",["require","exports","module","vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("vendor/handlebars-runtime"),i=n.exports={getAccessibleMarkup:function(e){return''+r.Utils.escapeExpression(e.screenreader)+" "+(e.visible?''+r.Utils.escapeExpression(e.visible)+" ":"")}}}), define("lib/helpers/count-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){function a(e){var t=0;return e= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=''+o(n.$t.call(t,"Cancel",{hash:{},data:i}))+'\n '+o(n.$t.call(t,"Select your language",{hash:{},data:i}))+"\n
",s})}), define("lib/helpers/map-to-html-attrs-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=n.exports=function(e){var t=[],n,i;return r.each(e,function(e,s){n=s+'="',i=[],r.isObject(e)?r.each(e,function(e,t){i.push(t+":"+e)}):i.push(e),t.push(n+i.join(";")+'"')}),t.join(" ")}}), define("models/query-suggestion",["require","exports","module","lib/model"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/model"),i=n.exports=r.extend({})}), define("lib/helpers/search-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=["q","q[fulltext]","filter.duration","filter.created_at","filter.license","filter.genre","filter.genre_or_tag","filter.place"],s=n.exports={getValidParams:function(e){return r.pick(e,i)},highlightText:function(e,t,n){if(!t||!t.length||t.length===1&&t[0].start===t[0].end)return e;var i=r.extend({start:"",end:""},n),s=e.split(""),o;for(o=t.length;o--;)s.splice(t[o].end,0,i.end),s.splice(t[o].start,0,i.start);return s.join("")}}}), define("vendor/usertext/usertext",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){(function(){var e,t,r,i,s,o,u,a,f=/\b((?:https?:\/\/|www\d{0,3}\.|(?:[a-z0-9\-]+\.)+[a-z]{2,4}\/)[^\s''"]*[^\s`!()\[\]{};:'".,?>>''''''])/ig,l=/(\b(?:[0-5]?[0-9])(?::[0-5][0-9]){1,2}\b)/g,c=/([a-z0-9._%+\-]+@[a-z0-9.\-]+\.[a-z]{2,6})/gi,h=/(\s|[^\w]|^)@([\w\-]+)/g,p=/( |^)(#([\w-]+))/gm,d=/\{\{\b((?:https?:\/\/|www\d{0,3}\.|(?:[a-z0-9\-]+\.)+[a-z]{2,4}\/)\S*[^\s`!()\[\]{};:'".,?>>''''''])\}\}/ig,v=/\{\{(?:mailto:)?([a-z0-9._%+\-]+@[a-z0-9.\-]+\.[a-z]{2,6})\}\}/gi,m=/\{\{@([\w\-]+)\}\}/gi,g=/^((?:https?:\/\/)?(?:www\.|m\.)?soundcloud\.(?:com|dev))\/?/i,y=/^(?:ht|f)tps?:\/\//i,b=/(?:[ \t]*\r?\n[ \t]*){2,}/,w=/[ \t][ \t]+/g;t={paragraphs:!0,links:!0,externalLinks:!0,internalLinks:!0,userLinks:!0,deepLinks:!1,whitelist:["b","i","em"],internalLinksBaseUrl:"/",isOpeningNewWindow:!1,maxLength:null,truncateExternalLinks:!0,maxExternalLinksLength:50,hashtagLinks:!0},r=function(e){var t,n,r,i,s,o;s=[].slice.call(arguments,1);for(t=0,n=s.length;t0){var n=e.data.length;t-=n,t0);while(r)i=r,r=r.nextSibling,e.removeChild(i)},r.innerHTML=n.innerHTML=e,s(n,i),n.innerHTML+(n.innerHTML===r.innerHTML?"":"'...")},u=function(e,t,n){e=n?e:e.replace(y,"");var r,i,s=/\.[a-z]{2,4}\//,o=e.match(s);return o&&o[0]&&e.length>t?(r=e.search(s)+o[0].length,i=Math.floor((t-r)/2),e.slice(0,r+i)+"'..."+e.slice(-i)):e},e=function(e,n){var s=r({},t,n),E,S,x=s.whitelist&&s.whitelist.slice(),T=document.createElement("div");if(typeof e!="string")return"";s.links?!s.userLinks&&!s.internalLinks&&!s.externalLinks?s.links=!1:x.push("a"):s.userLinks=s.internalLinks=s.externalLinks=!1,f.lastIndex=h.lastIndex=c.lastIndex=0,e=e.replace(//g,"\n\n").replace(/
/g,"\n").replace(w," "),x&&x.length?e=e.replace(new RegExp("]*>","ig"),""):e=e.replace(//g,""),T.innerHTML=e,s.links&&a(T,function(e){e.nodeType===3?e.parentNode.nodeName.toLowerCase()!=="a"&&(e.nodeValue=e.nodeValue.replace(f,"{{$1}}").replace(c,"{{mailto:$1}}").replace(h,"$1{{@$2}}")):e.nodeName==="A"&&(g.test(e.href)&&(e.href=e.href.replace(g,s.internalLinksBaseUrl),e.removeAttribute("target")),e.children.length||(e.innerHTML=u(e.innerHTML,s.maxExternalLinksLength,!0)))}),e=T.innerHTML,s.links&&(e=e.replace(d,function(e,t){return s.internalLinks&&g.test(t)?''+t.replace(y,"")+"":s.externalLinks?''+u(t,s.maxExternalLinksLength)+"":t}).replace(v,'$1').replace(m,'@$1"),s.hashtagLinks&&(e=e.replace(p,'$1$2')),s.deepLinks&&(e=e.replace(l,'$1'))),s.maxLength&&(e=o(e,s.maxLength));if(s.paragraphs){e=e.split(b);for(E=0,S=e.length;E
"),e[E]="
"+e[E]+"
";e=e.join("")}else e=e.replace(/[\r\n]+/g," ").replace(w," ");return e},e.withDefaults=function(n){var i=r({},t,n);return function(t,n){var s=n?r({},i,n):i;return e.call(this,t,s)}},typeof n!="undefined"&&n.exports?n.exports=e:(global=function(){return this}(),global.SC=global.SC||{},global.SC.usertext=e)})()}), define("views/search/query-suggestion.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".querySuggestion{display:block;height:50px}.querySuggestion__result,.querySuggestion__link{height:50px;display:block}.querySuggestion__link{padding:0 16px;color:#333}.querySuggestion__result{line-height:50px;border-bottom:1px solid #d6d6d6;padding:0 0 0 32px;background:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/search/search_input-bd02f9a1.png) 0 14px no-repeat;background-size:18px 18px}.querySuggestion__link:active{background:#f2f2f2}")),data=null}), define("views/search/query-suggestion.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression;s+=' ',o=(o=t&&t.output,typeof o===u?o.apply(t):o);if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+=" \n\n",s})}), define("layouts/listen",["require","exports","module","config","config/error-messages","models/exception","lib/layout","lib/futures","lib/lingua","models/playlist","models/sound","lib/url","lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl","layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl","lib/layouts/fullheight.css","layouts/blocked-listen.css"],function(e,t,n){function m(e,t,n){var r=u.defer();return l.resolve(e,t,n).done(r.resolve).fail(s.ajaxFatal(i.SOUND_NOT_FOUND)),r}function g(e){var t=u.defer(),n,i;return n=r.get("router").getRouteInfo("playlist"),i=n.route.exec(e),i?(i.shift(),n.handler.apply({apply:function(e,n){f.resolve(n.userPermalink,n.playlistPermalink,n.secretToken).done(t.resolve).fail(function(){t.resolve(null)})}},i)):t.resolve(null),t}function y(e,t){if(t){var n=t.findSound(e);n&&n.set(e.attributes,{silent:!0}),e=n||e}return this.setTitle(a.t("[[soundTitle]] by [[authorName]]",{soundTitle:e.get("title"),authorName:e.get("user").username})),e.isBlocked()?(this.switchLayout(d),this.setViews({"l-main":["views/listen/blocked",{resource_id:e.resource_id}]})):(this.switchLayout(p),this.setViews({"l-main":["views/listen/listen-carousel",{resource_id:e.resource_id}],"l-footnote":["views/sound/sound-controls"]}))}var r=e("config"),i=e("config/error-messages"),s=e("models/exception"),o=e("lib/layout"),u=e("lib/futures"),a=e("lib/lingua"),f=e("models/playlist"),l=e("models/sound"),c=e("lib/url"),h=a.t("Enjoy the full SoundCloud experience with our free app."),p={template:e("lib/layouts/fullheight.tmpl"),includeFooter:".l-footnote"},d={template:e("layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl"),includeFooter:".l-footnote"},v=n.exports=o.extend({css:[e("lib/layouts/fullheight.css"),e("layouts/blocked-listen.css")],setup:function(e){var t=u.defer(),n,r=[];return r.push(m(e.userPermalink,e.soundPermalink,e.secretToken)),n=c.getQueryParam("in"),n&&r.push(g(n)),this.pageUrn="",u.all(r).then(function(e,t){return this.pageUrn=e.getUrn(),y.call(this,e,t)}.bind(this)).then(t.resolve),t},includeFooter:".l-footnote",getPageUrn:function(){return this.pageUrn},getUpsellText:function(){return h}})}), define("config/error-messages",["require","exports","module","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/lingua"),i=n.exports={UNKNOWN:{title:r.t("Something doesn't sound right."),message:r.t("Refresh the page to try again.")},PAGE_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this page.")},SOUND_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this sound.")},PLAYLIST_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this playlist.")},USER_NOT_FOUND:{title:r.t("We can't find this user.")}}}), define("models/exception",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/model"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/model"),o=n.exports=s.extend({url:null,lastFetchTime:1,initialize:function(e){e=e||{},this.id||(e.id=this.id=this.cid,o.instances.set(this.id,this)),this.fatal=!!e.fatal,s.prototype.initialize.apply(this,arguments)}},{raise:function(e,t){var n=new o(e);n.release(),t=t||{};if(t.hard)throw n;i.trigger("exception",n)},ajaxFatal:function(e){return function(t,n){n!=="abort"&&o.raise(r.extend(e,{xhr:t,fatal:!0}))}},ajaxNonFatal:function(e){return function(t,n){n!=="abort"&&o.raise({message:e,xhr:t,fatal:!1})}}})}), define("models/playlist",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","models/audible-interface","lib/backbone","lib/event-bus","lib/model","models/sound","lib/errors/unauthorized-viewer","models/user","lib/mixins/urn"],function(e,t,n){function v(e,t){var n=e[t?"on":"off"].bind(e);n("play",m,this),n("pause",g,this),n("finish",y,this),n("time",b,this),n("seeked",w,this)}function m(e){this._internalNavigation||(E.call(this,e,"play"),this._internalNavigation=!0)}function g(e){this._internalNavigation||(E.call(this,e,"pause"),this._internalNavigation=!0)}function y(e){e.sound===this.soundsCollection.last()&&(E.call(this,e,"pause"),E.call(this,e,"finish"))}function b(e){E.call(this,e,"time")}function w(e){E.call(this,e,"seeked")}function E(e,t){e.playlist=this,this.trigger(t,e),u.trigger("audio:"+t,e)}function S(){var e=[];i.each(this.get("tracks"),function(t){var n,r,s;this.containsSound(t.id)||(s=new f(t),this.addSubmodel(s),r=i.extend({},t,{resource_id:{playlist_id:this.id,sound_id:t.id}}),n=new f(r,{suppressGlobalEvents:!0}),n.playlist=this,n.originalSound=s,e.push(n),v.call(this,n,!0))},this),this.soundsCollection.length===0?this.soundsCollection.reset(e):this.soundsCollection.add(e,{silent:!0})}function x(e,t){var n=e.soundsCollection,r=n.get(t);if(r){var i=n.indexOf(r),s=e.get("tracks").slice();return r.isPlaying()&&r.pause(),s.splice(i,1),n.remove(r),e.set("tracks",s),r.playlist=null,r.release(),!0}return!1}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("models/audible-interface"),o=e("lib/backbone"),u=e("lib/event-bus"),a=e("lib/model"),f=e("models/sound"),l=e("lib/errors/unauthorized-viewer"),c=e("models/user"),h=e("lib/mixins/urn"),p;p=o.Collection.extend({model:f,fetch:function(){return this.playlist.fetch.apply(this.playlist,arguments)},initialize:function(e,t){this.playlist=t.playlist},hasDataForView:function(){return!!this.playlist.attributes.tracks},isFullyPopulated:function(){return!0},_usageCount:function(){return 1},hold:r.noop,release:r.noop});var d=n.exports=s.extend(h,{resource_type:"playlist",urnPrefix:"soundcloud:playlists",submodelMap:{tracks:f,user:c},soundsCollection:null,currentSoundCursor:0,_isPlayActionQueued:!1,_internalNavigation:!1,setup:function(){s.prototype.setup.apply(this,arguments);var e=this,t=this.soundsCollection=new p(null,{playlist:e});t.on("error",function(t,n){n instanceof l&&x(e,t.id)})},baseUrl:function(){return this.getEndpointUrl("playlist",{id:this.id})},parse:function(e){return e=a.prototype.parse.apply(this,arguments),e.secret_token&&e.tracks&&e.tracks.forEach(function(t){t.sharing!=="public"&&(t.secret_token=e.secret_token)}),e.sharing==="private"&&(e.track_count=Math.max(e.track_count,e.tracks.length)),e},createSubmodel:function(e,t){t==="tracks"?S.call(this):a.prototype.createSubmodel.apply(this,arguments)},findSound:function(e){return this.findSoundById(e.id)},containsSound:function(e){return!!this.findSoundById(e)},findSoundById:function(e){return this.soundsCollection.get(e)},getSounds:function(){return this.soundsCollection.models},getNumSounds:function(){return this.soundsCollection.length},getSoundIndex:function(e){return this.soundsCollection.indexOf(e)},getPrevSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor-1)},getCurrentSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor)},getNextSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.currentSoundCursor+1)},getFirstSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(0)},getLastSound:function(){return this.soundsCollection.at(this.soundsCollection.length-1)},play:function(e){this.soundsCollection.length?(this._internalNavigation=!1,this.getCurrentSound().audio.play(e)):this.lastFetchTime||(this._isPlayActionQueued=!0,this.fetch().done(function(){this._isPlayActionQueued&&(this._isPlayActionQueued=!1,this.play(e))}.bind(this)))},pause:function(e){this._isPlayActionQueued=!1,this.soundsCollection&&this.soundsCollection.length&&(this._internalNavigation=!1,this.getCurrentSound().audio.pause(e))},rewind:function(){this.currentSoundCursor=0},setCurrentSound:function(e){this.currentSoundCursor=this.getSoundIndex(e)},isPlaying:function(){return this.soundsCollection.some(function(e){return e.isPlaying()})},isPlayable:function(){return this.soundsCollection.every(function(e){return e.isPlayable()})}},{urnPrefix:"soundcloud:playlists",onCleanup:function(e){e.soundsCollection.each(function(e){e.playlist=null,e.release()}),e.soundsCollection.off(),delete e.soundsCollection,s.onCleanup(e)},resolve:function(e,t,n){return a._resolve(this,[e,"sets",t,n],function(n){var r=n.get("user");return r&&n.get("permalink")===t&&r.permalink===e})}})}), define("layouts/blocked-listen.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},' \n'})}), define("layouts/blocked-listen.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".l-blockedListen{background-color:#f2f2f2}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked",["require","exports","module","lib/view","views/listen/blocked.css","views/listen/blocked.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/view"),i=n.exports=r.extend({css:e("views/listen/blocked.css"),template:e("views/listen/blocked.tmpl"),className:"blockedTrack"})}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel",["require","exports","module","underscore","$","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","config","lib/futures","lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source","lib/play-manager","router","models/sound","views/sound/sound","lib/helpers/style-helper","lib/view","lib/window-events","views/listen/listen-carousel.css","views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function b(e){var t=e?"on":"off";v[t]("resize:debounced",P,this),f[t]("change:currentSound",w,this)}function w(e){e.isGoingForward&&e.prev?E.call(this,e.current.resource_id,!0):e.isGoingForward===!1&&E.call(this,e.current.resource_id),T(this,e.current)}function E(e,t){var n=t?0:3,r=t?2:0,i=t?C:N;this.animationPromise=this.animationPromise.then(function(){if(this.disposed)return;var n=this.$("."+this.itemClassName);return x.call(this,e,r),t?k.call(this,[n[1],n[2]],"left"):k.call(this,[n[0],n[1]],"right")}.bind(this)).then(function(){if(this.disposed)return;i(this.getElement("wrapper")[0],A.call(this));var e=this.$("."+this.itemClassName);e[n].parentNode.removeChild(e[n]),L([e[1],e[2]])}.bind(this))}function S(e){var t="sound_"+e,n=this.subviews[t];return n||(n=new h({resource_id:e}),this.addSubview(n.render(),t)),n}function x(e,t){var n=S.call(this,e),r=this.$("."+this.itemClassName)[t];r&&(r.innerHTML="",r.appendChild(n.el))}function T(e,t){var n=l.getRoute("listen",t);n?o.get("router").navigate(n,{trigger:!1,replace:!0}):t.once("change:permalink",function(){!e.disposed&&f.getCurrentSound()===t&&T(e,t)})}function N(e,t){e.insertBefore(t,e.firstChild)}function C(e,t){e.appendChild(t)}function k(e,t){t=t==="left"?-this._carouselWidth:this._carouselWidth;var n="transform: translate3d("+t+"px , 0, 0);";return e.forEach(function(e){e.className+=" g-transition-translate",p(e,n)}),u.delay(m)}function L(e){var t="transform: none;";e.forEach(function(e){i(e).removeClass("g-transition-translate"),p(e,t)})}function A(){var e=document.createElement("div");return e.className=this.itemClassName,O.call(this,e,this._carouselWidth),e}function O(e,t){e.style.width=t+"px"}function M(e){this.elWidth=this.el.offsetWidth,this.$el.find(".listenCarousel__itemWrapper").each(function(t){O(t,e)})}function _(e){var t=this.getElement("wrapper")[0],n=-1*e;p(t,"transform: translate("+n+"px, 0)"),t.style.width=3*e+"px"}function D(){return this._carouselWidth=this.el.offsetWidth,this._carouselWidth}function P(){var e=D.call(this);_.call(this,e),M.call(this,e)}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("$"),s=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),o=e("config"),u=e("lib/futures"),a=e("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source"),f=e("lib/play-manager"),l=e("router"),c=e("models/sound"),h=e("views/sound/sound"),p=e("lib/helpers/style-helper"),d=e("lib/view"),v=e("lib/window-events"),m=250,g,y=n.exports=d.extend(s,a,{css:e("views/listen/listen-carousel.css"),template:e("views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl"),className:"listenCarousel",itemClassName:"listenCarousel__itemWrapper",element2selector:{wrapper:".listenCarousel__wrapper"},states:{transitionTranslate:function(e){this.getElement("wrapper")[e?"addClass":"removeClass"]("g-transition-translate")}},ModelClass:c,getQueueSource:function(){return this.model.playlist||this.model},cursor:-1,animationPromise:null,setup:function(){this.animationPromise=u.resolve(),this.$el.one("pointerdown",g.bind(this)),b.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){b.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){P.call(this),x.call(this,this.model.resource_id,1)}.bind(this))},teardown:function(){clearTimeout(this._fetchNeighborSoundsId)}});g=r.once(function(){var e=this.getQueueSource();e&&!e.isPlaying()&&this.playAudible(e,{userInitiated:!0})})}), define("views/sound/sound-controls",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments","lib/native-links","lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper","lib/play-manager","lib/view","views/sound/sound-controls.css","views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function p(e){this.getState("disabled")||a[e==="prev"?"playPrev":"playNext"]({userInitiated:!0})}function d(){this.getState("disabled")||(a.toggleCurrent({userInitiated:!0}),this.experiments.get("mweb_listening","open_app_store_on_play")==="experiment_group"&&o.useDeeplinks()&&u())}function v(){var e=a.getCurrentSound(),t=!!e&&!!e.isLoading(),n=!a.hasCurrentSound(),r=n||!a.hasPrevSound(),i=n||!a.hasNextSound(),s=n||e.isBlocked();this.toggleState("loading",t).toggleState("prevDisabled",r).toggleState("nextDisabled",i).toggleState("playDisabled",s).toggleState("disabled",n)}function m(){this.toggleState("paused",!0).toggleState("playing",!1),v.call(this)}function g(){this.toggleState("playing",!0).toggleState("paused",!1),v.call(this)}function y(){this.toggleState("initializing",!0),this.addDeferred(r.delay(function(){this.toggleState("initializing",!1),this.toggleState("initialized",!0)}.bind(this),l))}function b(){this.toggleState("scrubbing",!0)}function w(){this.toggleState("scrubbing",!1)}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments"),o=e("lib/native-links"),u=e("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper"),a=e("lib/play-manager"),f=e("lib/view"),l=2e3,c=250,h=n.exports=f.extend(s,{css:e("views/sound/sound-controls.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl"),className:"soundControls sc-selection-disabled",tagName:"section",events:{"click .soundControls__prev":"onClickPrev","click .soundControls__next":"onClickNext","click .soundControls__playPause":d},states:{loading:"loading",playing:"playing",paused:"paused",playDisabled:"playDisabled",prevDisabled:"prevDisabled",nextDisabled:"nextDisabled",disabled:"disabled",initializing:"initializing",initialized:"initialized"},setup:function(){this.listenTo(i,"audio:play",g).listenTo(i,"audio:pause",m).listenTo(i,"scrub:start",b).listenTo(i,"scrub:end",w).listenToOnce(i,"audio:play",y)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=a.getCurrentSound();e&&e.isPlaying()&&this.toggleState("initialized",!0).toggleState("playing",!0).toggleState("paused",!1)},dispose:function(){this.stopListening()},onClickNext:r.debounce(function(){p.call(this,"next")},c,!0),onClickPrev:r.debounce(function(){p.call(this,"prev")},c,!0)})}), define("views/listen/blocked.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".blockedTrack__sound{width:100%;height:0;padding-bottom:100%;position:relative}.blockedTrack__soundInner{position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;right:0}.blockedTrack__suggestions{background-color:#fff}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/sound/sound","views/listen/blocked-suggestions"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/sound",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_type)},data:i}))+'
\n \n '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/blocked-suggestions",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t._options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.options,o==null||o===!1?o:o.resource_type)},data:i}))+"\n
\n",s})}), define("lib/views/mixins/audible-control",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/play-manager","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){function u(e,t){var n,i=r.extend(t||{},{audible:e});return this.bubble?n=this.bubble("requestPlayContext",i):n={data:i},n}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/play-manager"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=n.exports=new s({toggleAudible:function(e,t){this[e.isPlaying()?"pauseAudible":"playAudible"](e,t)},playAudible:function(e,t){i.saveLayout(),i.play(e,this.getPlayContext(e,t))},pauseAudible:function(e,t){i.pause(e,this.getPlayContext(e,t))},getPlayContext:function(e,t){var n=u.call(this,e,t);return n.data},toggleSource:function(e,t){var n=i.getCurrentSound();i.source===e&&i.sourceCursor>-1&&n&&n.isPlaying()?i.pauseCurrent(t):(i.saveLayout(),i.playSource(e,t))}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/event-bus","lib/mixin","lib/play-manager","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){var t=e?"on":"off";i[t]("audio:play",l,this)[t]("audio:pause",c,this)}function l(e){h.call(this,e.sound)}function c(e){h.call(this,e.sound)}function h(e){this.toggleState("playing",p.call(this,e))}function p(e){e=e||o.getCurrentSound();if(!e||!e.isPlaying())return!1;var t=this.getQueueSource(),n=t&&t.getSounds();return!!n&&n.indexOf(e)>-1}function d(e){var t=e.data,n=t.audible,r=this.getQueueSource();return r&&o.indexOfSoundInSource(n.getCurrentSound(),r)>-1}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("lib/mixin"),o=e("lib/play-manager"),u=e("lib/url"),a=n.exports=new s({defaults:{getQueueSource:function(){return this.collection||this.model},getRestoreUrl:function(){return u.currentPath()}},applyTo:function(e){e.bubbleEvents=r.extend(e.bubbleEvents||{},{requestPlayContext:"onRequestPlayContext"})},onRequestPlayContext:function(e){d.call(this,e)&&(e.stopPropagation(),r.extend(e.data,{source:this.getQueueSource(),restoreUrl:this.getRestoreUrl()}))},before:{setup:function(){f.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){f.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=this.getQueueSource(),t=0;e&&o.setInitialSource(e,t,this.getRestoreUrl()),h.call(this)},teardown:function(){var e=this.getQueueSource();e&&o.unsetInitialSource(e)}}})}), define("views/sound/sound",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","lib/helpers/count-helper","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/event-bus","vendor/experiments/experiments","lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments","lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader","lib/views/fullscreen-overlay","lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source","lib/helpers/image-helper","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content","lib/lingua","lib/native-links","lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper","lib/play-manager","models/sound","lib/views/mixins/swipeable","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/view","views/sound/sound.css","views/sound/sound.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function x(){this.model.get("playable")||this.getElement("info").addClass("disabled"),this.toggleState("blocked",this.model.isBlocked())}function T(){w.action("navigate","user")}function N(){this.toggleAudible(this.model,{userInitiated:!0,context:this.getContextData()}),this.experiments.get("mweb_listening","open_app_store_on_play")==="experiment_group"&&v.useDeeplinks()&&m()}function C(e){e.originalEvent.stopPropagation()}function k(e){w.action("submit","like"),v.useDeeplinks()&&(this.subviews.likeAppUpsellModal||this.addSubview(new l({style:"dark",showHeader:!0,closeBehavior:"background",trackingIdentifier:"get_the_app::like",Subview:p}),"likeAppUpsellModal"),this.subviews.likeAppUpsellModal.open())}function L(){this.toggleState("paused",!0),this.toggleState("playing",!1)}function A(){this.toggleState("paused",!1),this.toggleState("playing",!0)}function O(){this.getState("paused")||(this._wasPaused=this.getState("paused"),this.toggleState("paused",!0))}function M(){this.toggleState("paused",this._wasPaused)}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),i=e("lib/helpers/count-helper"),s=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper").device,o=e("lib/event-bus"),u=e("vendor/experiments/experiments"),a=e("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments"),f=e("lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader"),l=e("lib/views/fullscreen-overlay"),c=e("lib/views/mixins/has-queue-source"),h=e("lib/helpers/image-helper"),p=e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content"),d=e("lib/lingua"),v=e("lib/native-links"),m=e("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper"),g=e("lib/play-manager"),y=e("models/sound"),b=e("lib/views/mixins/swipeable"),w=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),E=e("lib/view"),S=n.exports=E.extend(a,f,r,c,b,{swipeableSelector:".sound__artwork",ModelClass:y,css:e("views/sound/sound.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound.tmpl"),className:"sound g-box-full",element2selector:{info:".sound__info",artwork:".sound__artworkImage"},requiredAttributes:["user","title"],events:{"click .sound__artwork":N,"click .sound__info":T,"click .sound__likes":k,"pointerdown .sound__artwork":C,"pointerdown .sound__likes":C},bubbleEvents:{scrubStart:O,scrubEnd:M},states:{"show-likes":"show-likes",go:"go"},_wasPaused:!1,setup:function(){this.el.className+=" "+s.brand,this.listenTo(o,"audio:pause",L).listenTo(o,"audio:play",A).model.on("change:playable",this.rerender,this),this.toggleState("go",this.model.isHighTier()),this.toggleState("show-likes",u.get("mweb_listening","like_button_upsell")==="enabled")},getTemplateData:function(e){return this.getState("show-likes")&&(e.likes_count_info={count:i.render(e.likes_count,{useSIUnits:!0}),fullMessage:d.tp("1 Like","%d Likes",e.likes_count,null,{comment:"How many times the track was Liked"})}),e.isBlocked=this.model.isBlocked(),e},dispose:function(){this.stopListening().model.off("change:playable",this.rerender,this)},renderDecorate:function(){var e=h.urlFrom(this.model.toJSON(),500),t=this.getElement("artwork")[0];h.fadeInBackground(e,t),x.call(this),this.model.playlist&&g.backfillHistoryFromPlaylist(this.model,this.model.playlist)},getQueueSource:function(){return this.model.playlist||this.model},onSwipeLeft:function(){g.playNext({userInitiated:!0})},onSwipeRight:function(){g.playPrev({userInitiated:!0})}})}), define("lib/helpers/style-helper",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){function o(e,t,n){return e.style[t]=n,!0}function u(e){return e in document.documentElement.style}var r={transform:["webkit"]},i=Object.keys(r),s=n.exports=function(e,t){t=t.replace(";","");var n=t.split(":"),s=n[0],a=n[1],f=!1;return u(s)&&(f=o(e,s,a)),!f&&i.indexOf(s)>-1&&(f=r[s].some(function(t){var n="-"+t+"-"+s;if(u(n))return o(e,n,a)})),f}}), define("lib/window-events",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","lib/backbone","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){function l(e,t){var n=t+"d",r=e==="resize"?c(n):f.trigger.bind(f,e+":"+n);return i[t](r,a)}function c(e){var t=window.innerWidth,n=window.innerHeight,r=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:x:"+e),i=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:y:"+e),s=f.trigger.bind(f,"resize:"+e);return function(e){var o=window.innerWidth,u=window.innerHeight;o!==t&&r(e),u!==n&&i(e),s(e),n=u,t=o}}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("lib/backbone"),o=e("lib/support"),u=o.orientationChange?"orientationchange":"resize",a=200,f=n.exports=i.extend({},s.Events);r(window).on(u,l("resize","debounce")).on(u,l("resize","throttle")).on("scroll",l("scroll","debounce")).on("scroll",l("scroll","throttle"))}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".listenCarousel{position:relative;width:100%;height:100%;overflow:hidden}.listenCarousel__wrapper{height:100%}.listenCarousel__itemWrapper{float:left;height:100%}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/listen-carousel.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){return this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{},' \n'})}), define("lib/views/mixins/fetch-experiments",["require","exports","module","$","underscore","vendor/experiments/experiments","config/experiments","vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway","lib/mixin","lib/tracking/tracking-core","lib/url"],function(e,t,n){function v(){return h||(h=r.Deferred()),h}function m(){return c||(c=s.initialize(o).fetchAssignments().done(function(e){v().resolve(),s.setExperimentsFromQueryParams(l.getQueryParams()),u.setExperiments(e)}).fail(function(){c=null,h=null,f.whenRequestAllowed=p})),c}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("vendor/experiments/experiments"),o=e("config/experiments"),u=e("vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway"),a=e("lib/mixin"),f=e("lib/tracking/tracking-core"),l=e("lib/url"),c,h,p=f.whenRequestAllowed,d=n.exports=new a({experiments:s,around:{hasData:function(e){return e.call(this)&&s.isUpToDate(s.getAssignments(),o.version)},fetchData:function(e,t){var n=[t?e.call(this,t):r.Deferred().resolve()],i=r.Deferred();return this.addDeferred(i),s.isUpToDate(s.getAssignments(),o.version)||n.push(m.call(this)),r.when(n).done(function(e){i.resolve(e)}).fail(function(){i.reject()}),i.done(this.rerender.bind(this)),i}},before:{setup:i.once(function(){s.getAssignments()||f.deferRequests(v)})}})}), define("lib/helpers/open-app-store-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/native-links"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/native-links");n.exports=r.once(function(){window.open(i.getStoreLink(),"_blank")})}), define("views/sound/sound-controls.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".soundControls{height:80px;position:absolute;top:50%;left:0;right:0;margin-top:-40px;-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,0,0);pointer-events:none}.soundControls__control{background-position:0 0;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:100% auto;position:absolute;pointer-events:auto}.soundControls__prev,.soundControls__next{background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/skip_button-e03e9a61.png);width:28px;height:19px;top:30px;opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 2s cubic-bezier(1,.01,.81,1);transition:opacity 2s cubic-bezier(1,.01,.81,1)}.soundControls__prev{left:17px}.soundControls__next{right:17px;-webkit-transform:scaleX(-1);-ms-transform:scaleX(-1);transform:scaleX(-1)}.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__playPause,.soundControls.playing .soundControls__playPause:active,.soundControls.loading .soundControls__playPause:active{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,.5)}.soundControls.playing .soundControls__playPause,.soundControls.loading .soundControls__playPause{background-position:0 0}.soundControls__prev:active,.soundControls__next:active{background-position:0 -19px}.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__next,.soundControls.nextDisabled .soundControls__next,.soundControls.disabled .soundControls__prev,.soundControls.prevDisabled .soundControls__prev,.soundControls.playDisabled .soundControls__playPause{display:none}.initialized .soundControls__playPause{opacity:0}.initializing .soundControls__next,.initializing .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__next,.paused .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__playPause{opacity:1}.paused .soundControls__next,.paused .soundControls__prev,.paused .soundControls__playPause{-webkit-transition:none;transition:none}.soundControls.scrubbing{display:none}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-controls.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o=this.escapeExpression;return s+=''+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Previous track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on prev button"},data:i})},data:i}))+'\n'+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Play or pause track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on play/pause button"},data:i})},data:i}))+'\n'+o(n.$a11y.call(t,{hash:{screenreader:n.$t.call(t,"Next track",{hash:{_comment:"Help text on next button"},data:i})},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/charts-helper","collections/chart-tracks","collections/related-sounds","models/sound","lib/view","views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css","views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function c(){return this.relatedSounds.isFullyPopulated()||h.call(this)}function h(){return this.relatedSounds.length>=f}var r=e("lib/helpers/charts-helper"),i=e("collections/chart-tracks"),s=e("collections/related-sounds"),o=e("models/sound"),u=e("lib/view"),a="top",f=3,l=n.exports=u.extend({css:e("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css"),template:e("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl"),className:"blockedSuggestions",ModelClass:o,requiredAttributes:["genre"],setup:function(e){this.relatedSounds=new s(null,{resource_id:e.resource_id,resource_type:e.resource_type}),this.setupCollectionListeners(this.relatedSounds)},dispose:function(){this.teardownCollectionListeners(this.relatedSounds),this.relatedSounds.release()},hasData:function(){return u.prototype.hasData.apply(this,arguments)&&c.call(this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=e.useFallback=!h.call(this),n=this.options.resource_id,o=r.userGenreToChartGenre(e.genre).id;return t?(e.tagline=r.taglines(a,o).short,e.getSuggestionsCollection=function(){return new i(null,{genre:o,chartKind:a})}):e.getSuggestionsCollection=function(){return new s(null,{resource_id:n})},e},fetchData:function(){return c.call(this)?u.prototype.fetchData.apply(this,arguments):this.relatedSounds.bulkFetch(f)}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/fullscreen-loader",["require","exports","module","lib/views/loading","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/views/loading"),i=e("lib/mixin"),s=n.exports=new i({override:{LoadingView:r,loadingViewArgs:function(){return{size:"fullscreen"}}}})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/lingua","lib/view","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl","views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css"],function(e,t,n){function u(e){this.bubble("closeButton:click")}function a(e){e.stopPropagation()}var r=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper").device,i=e("lib/lingua"),s=e("lib/view"),o=n.exports=s.extend({template:e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl"),css:e("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css"),className:"likeAppUpsellContent g-align-vertical",events:{"click .likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton":u,click:a},setup:function(e){this.el.className+=" "+r.brand},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=r.iOS?i.t("Get our iPhone app to save this track to your likes, create playlists and more."):i.t("Get our Android app to save this track to your likes, create playlists and more.");return{upsellIcon:"https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/interstitial/like-upsell/heart-android-280d5bc8.png",upsellHeader:i.t("Try our app.It's even better"),upsellContent:t}}})}), define("lib/views/mixins/swipeable",["require","exports","module","lib/mixin"],function(e,t,n){function s(e){var t=e.data.direction;t==="left"&&this.onSwipeLeft?this.onSwipeLeft():this.onSwipeRight&&this.onSwipeRight(),e.originalEvent.preventDefault()}var r=e("lib/mixin"),i=n.exports=new r({defaults:{swipeableSelector:null},after:{renderDecorate:function(){this.$el.on("swipe",this.swipeableSelector,s.bind(this))}}})}), define("views/sound/sound.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".sound__info{position:absolute;z-index:1;top:20px;left:18px;right:18px}.sound__username{font-size:15px;line-height:22px}.sound__username a{color:#ccc}.sound__title{font-size:22px;line-height:1.3}.sound__controls{position:absolute;top:50%;left:0;right:0;height:80px;margin-top:-50px}.sound__infoContent{margin:0 0 4px}.sound__artwork,.sound__artworkOverlay{position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;width:100%}.sound__artworkOverlay{height:100%;opacity:0;background:#000}.sound__playIndicator{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,-3px,0);transform:translate3d(0,-3px,0)}.sound__likes{color:#fff;position:absolute;bottom:12px;right:20px;line-height:39px;padding:0 10px 0 5px;font-size:14px}.sound__likes:before{width:35px;height:35px;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/like_button-280d5bc8.png);background-size:35px 35px}.iOS .sound__likes{right:auto;left:20px;border-radius:4px;height:33px;line-height:33px;background:rgba(0,0,0,.3);border:1px solid transparent}.sound.iOS.blocked .sound__likes,.sound.iOS.paused .sound__likes{background:none;border-color:rgba(255,255,255);border-color:rgba(255,255,255,.2)}.iOS .sound__likes:before{width:25px;height:25px;background-size:25px 25px;margin-top:4px}.sound__blockedMessage{color:#ccc;position:absolute;text-align:center;font-size:15px;line-height:18px;width:80%;left:0;right:0;margin:0 auto;top:40%;padding:102px 18px 0;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/player/geoblock-5a813d34.png);background-size:68px 84px;background-position:center top;background-repeat:no-repeat}.sound.playing .sound__playIndicator{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0,0,0);transform:translate3d(0,0,0)}.sound.go .sound__playIndicator{background:linear-gradient(to right,#7d01a1,#f50)}.sound__info.disabled>.sound__infoDisabled{display:block}.sound__infoDisabled{display:none;position:absolute;background:rgba(0,0,0,.2);top:0;left:0;right:0;bottom:0}.sound.blocked .sound__artworkOverlay,.sound.paused .sound__artworkOverlay{opacity:.6}.sound.paused .sound__username,.sound.blocked .sound__username,.sound.paused .sound__title,.sound.blocked .sound__title{background:none;box-shadow:none}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/banner/banner","views/sound/waveform"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){var r="";return r+='
'+u(n.$t.call(e,"Not available in
your country",{hash:{},data:t}))+"
\n",r}function c(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.playable,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(6,p,t),fn:a.program(4,h,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/sound/waveform",{hash:{resource_id:e&&e._resource_id,resource_type:e&&e._resource_type},data:t}))+" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.likes_count_info,{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(9,v,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+="\n",r}function h(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/banner/banner",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}function p(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n.$view.call(e,"views/banner/banner",{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(7,d,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+=" ",r}function d(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$t.call(e,"We're sorry, that track isn't available on mobile.",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}function v(e,t){var r="",i;return r+=' '+u(n.$a11y.call(e,{hash:{visible:(i=e&&e.likes_count_info,i==null||i===!1?i:i.count),screenreader:(i=e&&e.likes_count_info,i==null||i===!1?i:i.fullMessage)},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a=this,f="function";s+=' \n '+u((o=t&&t.title,typeof o===f?o.apply(t):o))+'
\n ',o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.isBlocked,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(3,c,i),fn:a.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="\n",s})}), define("config/experiments",["require","exports","module","lib/endpoints","vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/endpoints"),i=e("vendor/event-gateway/event-gateway"),s=e("lib/support"),o=n.exports={version:"23-05-2016_15:35",availableLayers:["mweb_listening"],anonymousUserId:i.getAnonymousId(),assignmentServiceUrl:r.getEndpointUrl("assignments"),localStorageKey:"MW::local::assignments",localStorageEnabled:s.localStorage}}), define("lib/helpers/charts-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua","shared/config/charts"],function(e,t,n){function u(e){return e.toLowerCase().replace(/[^a-z]/g,"").replace(/^(drumnbass|dn?b)$/,"drumbass").replace(/^(rn?b|soul)$/,"rbsoul").replace(/^(rap|hiphop)$/,"hiphoprap").replace(/^folk$/,"folksingersongwriter").replace(/^(jazz|blues)$/,"jazzblues").replace(/^(dance|edm)$/,"danceedm")}function a(e){return r.findWhere(s.genres,{id:e})}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/lingua"),s=e("shared/config/charts"),o=n.exports={genreLabel:function(e){return l[e]},genres:function(e){return r.where(s.genres,{category:e})},getGenre:a,genreUrn:function(e){return"soundcloud:genres:"+e},chartKindLabel:function(e){return f[e]},chartKinds:function(){return s.kinds},userGenreToChartGenre:function(e){return e&&a(u(e))||a("all-music")},taglines:function(e,t){var n=o.genreLabel(t),r=o.getGenre(t),s=r.category,u=r.content,a=[s,e,u].join("-");switch(a){case"all-trending-music":return{"short":i.t("New & hot tracks"),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming tracks on SoundCloud")};case"all-trending-audio":return{"short":i.t("New & hot audio"),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming audio on SoundCloud")};case"all-top-music":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 tracks"),"long":i.t("The most played tracks on SoundCloud this week")};case"all-top-audio":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 audio"),"long":i.t("The most played audio on SoundCloud this week")};case"music-trending-music":return{"short":i.t("New & hot in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"New & hot music tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming tracks in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud",{genreLabel:n})};case"music-top-music":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Top 50 music tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("The most played tracks in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud this week",{genreLabel:n})};case"audio-trending-audio":return{"short":i.t("New & hot in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"New & hot audio tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("Up-and-coming in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Up-and-coming audio tracks in (a genre)"})};case"audio-top-audio":return{"short":i.t("Top 50 in [[[genreLabel]]]",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"Top 50 audio tracks in (a genre)"}),"long":i.t("The most played in [[[genreLabel]]] on SoundCloud this week",{genreLabel:n},{comment:"The most played audio tracks in (a genre)"})};default:}}},f={trending:i.t("New & hot"),top:i.t("Top 50")},l={"all-music":i.t("All music genres"),"all-audio":i.t("All audio genres"),alternativerock:i.t("Alternative Rock"),ambient:i.t("Ambient"),classical:i.t("Classical"),country:i.t("Country"),danceedm:i.t("Dance & EDM"),dancehall:i.t("Dancehall"),deephouse:i.t("Deep House"),disco:i.t("Disco"),drumbass:i.t("Drum & Bass"),dubstep:i.t("Dubstep"),electronic:i.t("Electronic"),folksingersongwriter:i.t("Folk & Singer-Songwriter"),hiphoprap:i.t("Hip-hop & Rap"),house:i.t("House"),indie:i.t("Indie"),jazzblues:i.t("Jazz & Blues"),latin:i.t("Latin"),metal:i.t("Metal"),piano:i.t("Piano"),pop:i.t("Pop"),rbsoul:i.t("R&B & Soul"),reggae:i.t("Reggae"),reggaeton:i.t("Reggaeton"),rock:i.t("Rock"),soundtrack:i.t("Soundtrack"),speech:i.t("Speech"),techno:i.t("Techno"),trance:i.t("Trance"),trap:i.t("Trap"),triphop:i.t("Triphop"),world:i.t("World"),audiobooks:i.t("Audiobooks"),business:i.t("Business"),comedy:i.t("Comedy"),entertainment:i.t("Entertainment"),learning:i.t("Learning"),newspolitics:i.t("News & Politics"),religionspirituality:i.t("Religion & Spirituality"),science:i.t("Science"),sports:i.t("Sports"),storytelling:i.t("Storytelling"),technology:i.t("Technology")}}), define("collections/chart-tracks",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/mixins/audio-source","lib/helpers/charts-helper","lib/collection","models/sound"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/mixins/audio-source"),s=e("lib/helpers/charts-helper"),o=e("lib/collection"),u=e("models/sound"),a=n.exports=o.extend(i,{model:u,baseUrl:function(){return this.getEndpointUrl("charts",{},{kind:this.options.chartKind,genre:s.genreUrn(this.options.genre)})},getSourceInfo:function(){return{type:"charts"}},getSounds:function(){return this.models},parse:function(e){return r.pluck(e.collection,"track")}})}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".blockedSuggestions__section{padding:0 10px}.blockedSuggestions__heading{border-bottom:1px solid #f3f3f3;line-height:55px}")),data=null}), define("views/listen/blocked-suggestions.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","lib/views/sounds-list"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){var n="",r;return n+=" "+a((r=e&&e.tagline,typeof r===u?r.apply(e):r))+" ",n}function c(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+a(n.$t.call(e,"Try playing these related tracks",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression,f=this;s+=' ',o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.useFallback,{hash:{},inverse:f.program(3,c,i),fn:f.program(1,l,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="
\n \n"+a(n.$view.call(t,"lib/views/sounds-list",{hash:{getCollection:t&&t.getSuggestionsCollection},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/app-buttons/app-buttons"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a="function";s+=''+u(n.$t.call(t,"Close",{hash:{},data:i}))+' '+u((o=t&&t.upsellContent,typeof o===a?o.apply(t):o))+"\n
"+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/app-buttons/app-buttons",{hash:{},data:i}))+"\n",s})}), define("views/interstitials/like-app-upsell-content.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".likeAppUpsellContent{background:#fff;padding:24px 24px 0;position:absolute;top:50%;left:50%;transform:translate(-50%,-50%)}.likeAppUpsellContent__image{display:block;margin:0 auto}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS{border-radius:6px;padding-bottom:19px;text-align:center;width:300px}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .likeAppUpsellContent__messageHeader{margin-top:20px;font-size:16;color:#333}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .likeAppUpsellContent__messageContent{margin-top:18px;font-size:14;color:#999}.likeAppUpsellContent.iOS .appButtons{margin-top:20px}.likeAppUpsellContent.android{border-radius:2px;padding-bottom:16px;text-align:left;width:280px}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .likeAppUpsellContent__messageHeader{margin-top:24px;font-size:16;color:#333}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .likeAppUpsellContent__messageContent{margin-top:20px;font-size:14;color:#999}.likeAppUpsellContent.android .appButtons{margin-top:32px}.likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton{position:absolute;top:13px;right:11px;border:0;overflow:hidden;background-color:transparent;width:11px;height:11px}.likeAppUpsellContent__closeButton:before{width:11px;height:11px;background:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/ldpi/interstitial/dialog_close-a797f6bf.png);background-size:11px 11px;float:left;content:''}")),data=null}), define("views/banner/banner",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/view","views/banner/banner.css"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/view"),s=n.exports=i.extend({className:"banner g-z-index-banner",css:e("views/banner/banner.css"),template:function(){return""},defaults:{message:null},setup:function(e){this.options.message=e.message||e.blockContent,this.toggleState("disabled",!0),r.bindAll(this,"setBanner")},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){var e=this.options;!r.isEmpty(e)&&!r.isEmpty(r.compact(r.values(e)))&&this.setBanner(e)}.bind(this))},setBanner:function(e){if(!e||!e.message)return;var t=this.el,n=e.message;n&&this.getState("disabled")?(this.toggleState("disabled",!1),t.innerHTML=e.message,t.style.top=e.position):n&&!this.getState("disabled")?t.innerHTML=e.message:this.toggleState("disabled",!0)}})}), define("views/sound/waveform",["require","exports","module","views/sound/waveform-canvas","lib/math","models/sound","lib/helpers/style-helper","lib/view","views/sound/waveform.tmpl","views/sound/waveform.css"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.model[t]("play pause",l,this)[t]("position",c,this)}function l(){this.toggleState("playing",this.model.isPlaying())}function c(){this._isScrubbing||h.call(this,this.model.currentTime()/this.model.duration())}function h(e){if(!this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed)return;var t=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth,n=this.model.getMediaDuration()/this.model.duration();e=i.clamp(e,0,n),o(this.getElement("waveformPlayed")[0],"transform: translateX("+(t-Math.floor(t*e))+"px)"),o(this.getElement("waveformUnplayed")[0],"transform: translateX("+ -Math.floor(t*e)+"px)")}function p(e){var t=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth,n=this._currentSeek+e*t,r=this.model.getMediaDuration()/this.model.duration();this._currentSeek=i.clamp(n,0,r*t),this._isScrubbing&&(h.call(this,this._currentSeek/t),this.subviews.timeIndicator.manualProgress(this._currentSeek/t))}function d(){this._isScrubbing=!0,this.subviews.timeIndicator.toggleScrubbing(!0),this.toggleState("scrubbing",!0)}function v(){var e=this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.elWidth;this.model.seek(this.model.duration()*(this._currentSeek/e)),this._isScrubbing=!1,this.subviews.timeIndicator.toggleScrubbing(!1),this.toggleState("scrubbing",!1)}function m(e){p.call(this,e.data.delta)}var r=e("views/sound/waveform-canvas").Events,i=e("lib/math"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/helpers/style-helper"),u=e("lib/view"),a=n.exports=u.extend({template:e("views/sound/waveform.tmpl"),css:e("views/sound/waveform.css"),className:"waveform sc-selection-disabled g-opacity-transition",ModelClass:s,element2selector:{waveformPlayed:".waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed > canvas",waveformUnplayed:".waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed > canvas"},bubbleEvents:{scrubStart:d,scrub:m,scrubEnd:v},defaults:{upperPartHeight:.7},requiredAttributes:["id","waveform_url","state"],setup:function(){this.toggleState("visual",this.options.visual),this._currentSeek=0,f.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){f.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.subviews.waveformCanvasUnplayed.on(r.RENDERED,function(){this.toggleState("visible",!0),l.call(this)},this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=this.options;return{model:e,upperPartHeight:t.upperPartHeight,upperPartHeightPercent:t.upperPartHeight*100+"%"}}})}), define("shared/config/charts",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){n.exports={defaultKind:"top",defaultGenre:"all-music",kinds:[{id:"top",urlPart:"top"},{id:"trending",urlPart:"new"}],genres:[{id:"all-music",category:"all",content:"music"},{id:"all-audio",category:"all",content:"audio"},{id:"alternativerock",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"ambient",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"classical",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"country",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"danceedm",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"dancehall",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"deephouse",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"disco",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"drumbass",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"dubstep",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"electronic",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"folksingersongwriter",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"hiphoprap",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"house",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"indie",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"jazzblues",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"latin",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"metal",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"piano",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"pop",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"rbsoul",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"reggae",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"reggaeton",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"rock",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"soundtrack",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"techno",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"trance",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"trap",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"triphop",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"world",category:"music",content:"music"},{id:"audiobooks",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"business",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"comedy",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"entertainment",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"learning",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"newspolitics",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"religionspirituality",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"science",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"sports",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"storytelling",category:"audio",content:"audio"},{id:"technology",category:"audio",content:"audio"}]}}), define("lib/views/sounds-list",["require","exports","module","lib/views/list","views/sound/sound-badge"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("lib/views/list"),i=e("views/sound/sound-badge"),s=n.exports=r.extend({Subview:i,defaults:{maxDisplay:3,getCollection:null},className:"g-list",itemClassName:"g-list-item",setup:function(e){this.collection=e.getCollection()}})}), define("views/banner/banner.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".banner.disabled{display:none}.banner{position:absolute;left:0;width:100%;height:36px;line-height:36px;background:#000;background:rgba(0,0,0,.8);color:#e5e5e5;text-align:center;font-size:13px}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/waveform-canvas",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/views/canvas-view","vendor/color/color","config","models/sound","lib/store","lib/support"],function(e,t,n){function E(){if(this.disposed)return;if(!this.waveformData){T.call(this).done(this.renderWaveform.bind(this));return}var e=this.options;this.clearCanvas(),S({waveform:this.waveformData,duration:this.model.duration(),mediaDuration:this.model.getMediaDuration(),scaledWidth:this.elWidth,scaledHeight:this.elHeight,context:this.context,bgColor:e.bgColor,bottomBgColor:e.bottomBgColor,upperPartHeight:e.upperPartHeight,upperAlpha:e.upperAlpha,lowerAlpha:e.lowerAlpha}),this.trigger(w.Events.RENDERED)}function S(e){var t=e.waveform,n=e.scaledWidth,r=e.scaledHeight,i=e.upperPartHeight,o=e.context,u=Math.round(i*r),a=r-u,f=n/t.length,l=s(e.bgColor),c=s(e.bottomBgColor),h,p,m,b,w,E=l.rgba(e.upperAlpha),S=c.rgba(e.lowerAlpha),x=l.rgba(e.upperAlpha*y),T=l.rgba(e.lowerAlpha*y),N=Math.ceil(e.mediaDuration/e.duration*n);for(h=0;h-1?C():b.get(r);return i?t.resolve({data:i}):(t.done(function(e){b.set(e.key,e.data)}),x(r).done(function(e){t.resolve({key:r,data:e.samples.reduce(N(e.height),new l(e.samples.length))})}).fail(function(){t.resolve({key:r,data:C()})})),t.done(function(e){this.waveformData=e.data}.bind(this)),t.promise()}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/views/canvas-view"),s=e("vendor/color/color"),o=e("config"),u=e("models/sound"),a=e("lib/store"),f=e("lib/support"),l=f.typedArrays?Uint8Array:Array,c="/images/player-waveform-medium.png",h=500,p=1800,d=140,v=2,m=1,g=v+m,y=.2,b=new a({maxLength:h}),w=n.exports=i.extend({className:"g-box-full waveformCanvas",defaults:{bgColor:"#333333",bottomBgColor:"#EEEEEE",lowerAlpha:1,upperAlpha:1,upperPartHeight:.61},ModelClass:u,requiredAttributes:["waveform_url"],waveformData:null,onCanvasInserted:E,onCanvasResize:E,renderWaveform:E,renderWaveformDecorate:$.noop},{Events:{RENDERED:"waveform-canvas.rendered"}}),N=r.memoize(function(e){return function(t,n,r){return t[r]=e-n,t}}),C=r.memoize(function(){var e=new l(p);for(var t=0;t = 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression;return s+='
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/waveform-canvas",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"waveformCanvasPlayed",bgColor:"#FF6600",bottomBgColor:"#ffa366",className:"g-moving-element"},data:i}))+'
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/sound/waveform-canvas",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"waveformCanvasUnplayed",bgColor:"#FFFFFF",bottomBgColor:"#B3B3B3",className:"g-moving-element"},data:i}))+'
\n '+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/time-indicator",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type),key:"timeIndicator"},data:i}))+'\n
'+u(n.$view.call(t,"views/listen/scrubber",{hash:{resource_id:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_id),resource_type:(o=t&&t.model,o==null||o===!1?o:o._resource_type)},data:i}))+"\n
",s})}), define("views/sound/waveform.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".waveform{height:100%;pointer-events:none}.waveform,.waveform__layer{width:100%;position:absolute}.waveform__layer{height:87px;bottom:18%;overflow:hidden;pointer-events:auto;-ms-touch-action:none;touch-action:none}.waveform__layer .waveform__layer{bottom:0}.waveform__timeIndicator{position:absolute;bottom:18%;margin-bottom:34px;display:inline-block;left:50%;-webkit-transform:translateX(-50%);transform:translateX(-50%);transition:bottom .15s linear;z-index:2}.waveform:not(.playing) .waveform__timeIndicator .timeIndicator__container,.waveform.scrubbing .waveform__timeIndicator .timeIndicator__container{background:none}.waveform.scrubbing .waveform__timeIndicator{bottom:46%;transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.51,.37,.61,1.6);transition-duration:.25s}.waveform.scrubbing .timeIndicator__text{font-size:20px}.waveform__waveformCanvases{clip:rect(50px,auto,53px,0);-webkit-transform:scaleY(.5);transform:scaleY(.5);-webkit-transform-origin:0 54px;transform-origin:0 54px;-webkit-transition:all .2s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1);transition:all .2s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1);z-index:0}.waveform.playing .waveform__waveformCanvases{clip:rect(0,auto,87px,0);-webkit-transform:scaleY(1);transform:scaleY(1);transition:all .45s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1.45);-webkit-transition:all .45s cubic-bezier(.68,.68,.165,1.45)}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed,.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed{z-index:1}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed{right:50%}.waveform__waveformCanvasPlayed canvas{-webkit-transform:translateX(100%);transform:translateX(100%)}.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed{left:50%}.waveform__waveformCanvasUnplayed canvas{-webkit-transform:translateX(0);transform:translateX(0)}.waveform__scrubber{z-index:3}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-badge",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/audible-control","config","lib/helpers/datetime-helper","lib/views/mixins/deferred-images","models/sound","lib/view","views/sound/sound-badge.css","views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl"],function(e,t,n){function l(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.model[t]("play pause",c,this)}function c(){h.call(this)}function h(){if(this.disposed)return;this.toggleState("playing",this.model.isPlaying())}function p(e){var t=this.model;if(t.isBlocked()){e.preventDefault();return}t.isPlaying()||this.playAudible(t,{userInitiated:!0,context:this.getContextData()})}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/audible-control"),i=e("config"),s=e("lib/helpers/datetime-helper"),o=e("lib/views/mixins/deferred-images"),u=e("models/sound"),a=e("lib/view"),f=n.exports=a.extend(r,o,{css:e("views/sound/sound-badge.css"),template:e("views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl"),ModelClass:u,className:"soundBadge g-badge",requiredAttributes:["permalink_url","user","title"],events:{click:p},setup:function(){l.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){l.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){this.toggleState("go",this.model.isHighTier()),h.call(this)},getTemplateData:function(e){var t=i.get("router").getLayoutInfo(),n=t&&t.args,r=n&&n.username;return e.timecode=s.timecode(e.duration),e.isReposted&&t.layoutName==="user-profile"&&(e.layoutUsername=r),e.isBlocked=this.model.isBlocked(),e.isSnippetized=this.model.isSnippetized(),e}})}), define("lib/views/canvas-view",["require","exports","module","lib/helpers/client-environment-helper","lib/view","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function a(){try{var e=this.el.offsetWidth,t=this.el.offsetHeight;if(this.elWidth!==e||this.elHeight!==t)f.call(this,e,t),this.onCanvasResize()}catch(n){}}function f(e,t){this.elWidth=e||this.el.offsetWidth,this.elHeight=t||this.el.offsetHeight,r.device.dpi==="hdpi"&&o!==1?(this.el.setAttribute("width",this.elWidth*o),this.el.setAttribute("height",this.elHeight*o),this.context.scale(o,o)):(this.el.setAttribute("width",this.elWidth),this.el.setAttribute("height",this.elHeight))}var r=e("lib/helpers/client-environment-helper"),i=e("lib/view"),s=e("lib/window-events"),o=r.device.devicePixelRatio/r.browser.backingStoreRatio,u=n.exports=i.extend({tagName:"canvas",className:"g-box-full",context:null,template:function(){return""},_setup:function(){this.context=this.el.getContext("2d"),s.on("resize:debounced",a,this),i.prototype._setup.apply(this,arguments)},_dispose:function(){if(this.disposed)return;s.off("resize:debounced",a,this),delete this.context,delete this.elWidth,delete this.elHeight,i.prototype._dispose.apply(this,arguments)},renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(function(){f.call(this),this.onCanvasInserted()}.bind(this))},onCanvasInserted:$.noop,onCanvasResize:$.noop,forceResize:function(){this._onWindowResize()},clearCanvas:function(){this.context&&this.context.clearRect(0,0,this.elWidth,this.elHeight)}})}), define("vendor/color/color",["require","exports","module"],function(e,t,n){(function(){function f(e){return e===void 0}function l(e){return parseInt(e,16)}function c(e){return parseInt(e,10)}function h(e){return e.length===1?"0"+e:""+e}function p(e){return typeof e=="string"&&e.indexOf(".")!==-1&&parseFloat(e)===1}function d(e){return typeof e=="string"&&e.indexOf("%")!==-1}function v(e){return o(1,u(0,e))}function m(e,t){p(e)&&(e="100%");var n=d(e);return e=o(t,u(0,parseFloat(e))),n&&(e=parseInt(e*t,10)/100),r.abs(e-t)r.brightness&&n.color>r.color?A(e):A(t)}var e=/^[\s,#]+/,t=/\s+$/,r=Math,i=r.abs,s=r.round,o=r.min,u=r.max,a=function(){var e="[-\\+]?\\d+%?",t="[-\\+]?\\d*\\.\\d+%?",n="(?:"+t+")|(?:"+e+")",r="[\\s|\\(]+("+n+")[,|\\s]+("+n+")[,|\\s]+("+n+")\\s*\\)?";return{rgb:new RegExp("rgb"+r),hsl:new RegExp("hsl"+r),hex3:/^([0-9a-fA-F]{1})([0-9a-fA-F]{1})([0-9a-fA-F]{1})$/,hex6:/^([0-9a-fA-F]{2})([0-9a-fA-F]{2})([0-9a-fA-F]{2})$/}}(),A=function(e){var t=E(e);return{hue:function(e){return S.call(this,e)},darken:function(e){return x.call(this,e)},lighten:function(e){return T.call(this,e)},analogous:function(e,t){return N.call(this,e,t)},readable:function(e){return k.call(this,e)},diff:function(e){return C.call(this,e)},contrast:function(e,t){return L.call(this,e,t)},hex:function(){return t?"#"+g(t):null},toRgb:function(){return t},isValid:function(){return t?!0:!1},rgb:function(){return t?"rgb("+[s(t.r),s(t.g),s(t.b)].join(", ")+")":null},rgba:function(e){return t?"rgba("+[s(t.r),s(t.g),s(t.b),f(e)?1:v(e)].join(", ")+")":null},toHsl:function(){return b(t)},hsl:function(){var e=b(t);return t?"hsl("+e.h+", "+e.s+"%, "+e.l+"%)":null}}};typeof n!="undefined"&&n.exports?n.exports=A:(global=function(){return this}(),global.SC=global.SC||{},global.SC.color=A)})()}), define("views/listen/time-indicator",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/helpers/datetime-helper","lib/views/progress-bar","views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl","views/listen/time-indicator.css"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/helpers/datetime-helper"),s=e("lib/views/progress-bar"),o=1e3/60,u=n.exports=s.extend({template:e("views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl"),css:e("views/listen/time-indicator.css"),className:"timeIndicator",element2selector:{current:".timeIndicator__current"},setup:function(){s.prototype.setup.apply(this,arguments),this._isScrubbing=!1,this.updateTimeDisplay=r.throttle(this.updateTimeDisplay.bind(this),o)},getTemplateData:function(e){e.timecode=i.timecode(this.model.getMediaDuration())},manualProgress:function(e){this.updateTimeDisplay(e*this.model.duration())},updateProgress:function(e){this._isScrubbing||this.updateTimeDisplay(e)},toggleScrubbing:function(e){this._isScrubbing=e},updateTimeDisplay:function(e){var t=e?e:this.model.currentTime();t=Math.floor(t/1e3+.1)*1e3,this.getElement("current")[0].innerHTML=i.timecode(t)}})}), define("views/listen/scrubber",["require","exports","module","lib/views/mixins/draggable","lib/event-bus","models/sound","lib/view"],function(e,t,n){function a(){i.trigger("scrub:start"),this.bubble("scrubStart")}function f(e){this.bubble("scrub",{delta:e.data.delta})}function l(){i.trigger("scrub:end"),this.bubble("scrubEnd")}var r=e("lib/views/mixins/draggable"),i=e("lib/event-bus"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/view"),u=n.exports=o.extend(r,{className:"scrubber g-box-full",template:function(){return""},ModelClass:s,events:{"draggable-start":a,"draggable-drag":f,"draggable-end":l},setup:function(){this.el.style.background="rgba(0,0,0,0)"}})}), define("lib/helpers/datetime-helper",["require","exports","module","underscore","lib/lingua"],function(e,t,n){var r=e("underscore"),i=e("lib/lingua"),s=1e3,o=6e4,u=36e5,a={inWords:!1},f=n.exports={timecode:function(e,t){var n,f;return t=t||{},t=r.defaults(t,a),isNaN(e)?e:(n=[],f={h:Math.floor(e/u),m:Math.floor(e/o%60),s:Math.floor(e/s%60)},t.inWords?(f.h>0&&n.push(i.tp("1 hour","%d hours",f.h)),f.m>0&&n.push(i.tp("1 minute","%d minutes",f.m)),(f.s>0||f.m===0&&f.h===0)&&n.push(i.tp("1 second","%d seconds",f.s)),n.join(" ")):(f.h>0&&n.push(f.h),n.push(f.m0?"0"+f.m:f.m,f.s=e.top&&g(e,t)},this)}function g(e){var t=e.element,n=t.getAttribute("data-src");e.loading=!0,u.load(n).done(function(){var e=r(t);t.tagName==="IMG"?t.src=n:t.style.backgroundImage="url("+n+")",e.hasClass("image__defer")&&(e.removeClass("image__defer"),t.removeAttribute("data-src"),o(t))})}function y(){var e=s.get("appView").nativeScrollEl;return e?e[0].scrollTop:window.pageYOffset}var r=e("$"),i=e("underscore"),s=e("config"),o=e("lib/css-transitions").fadeIn,u=e("lib/helpers/image-helper"),a=e("lib/mixin"),f=300,l={},c=window.innerHeight/2,h=!1,p,d=n.exports=new a({after:{renderDecorate:function(){this.whenInserted().done(v.bind(this))}},storeDeferredImages:function(){this.$(".image__defer").each(function(e){var t=i.uniqueId();l[t]={top:e.getBoundingClientRect().top+window.pageYOffset,element:e,loading:!1}})}})}), define("views/sound/sound-badge.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".soundBadge .soundBadge__playing{display:none}.soundBadge.playing .soundBadge__playing{display:block}.soundBadge.playing .soundBadge__indicator{display:none}.soundBadge .soundBadge__artwork{position:relative}.soundBadge .soundBadge__artwork::after{display:none;content:'';position:absolute;width:23px;height:20px;background-size:23px 20px;background-image:url(https://m.soundcloud.com/assets/images/go-plus-tag-5a7a7f9f.svg);top:-5px;right:-5px}.soundBadge.go .soundBadge__artwork::after{display:block}")),data=null}), define("views/sound/sound-badge.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime","views/stats/sound-stats","lib/views/promoted"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){function l(e,t){return" g-badge-disabled"}function c(e,t){return" g-badge-title-disabled"}function h(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Not available in your country",{hash:{},data:t}))+"
",r}function p(e,t){var r="",i;r+=" ",i=n["if"].call(e,e&&e.isReposted,{hash:{},inverse:a.program(10,v,t),fn:a.program(8,d,t),data:t});if(i||i===0)r+=i;return r+=" ",r}function d(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Reposted by [[username]]",{hash:{username:e&&e.layoutUsername},data:t}))+"
",r}function v(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$view.call(e,"views/stats/sound-stats",{hash:{resource_id:e&&e._resource_id},data:t}))+"
",r}function m(e,t){var r="";return r+=' '+u(n.$t.call(e,"Preview",{hash:{_context:"track",_comment:"An audio snippet of a track"},data:t}))+"
",r}function g(e,t){var n="",r;return n+=' '+u((r=e&&e.timecode,typeof r===f?r.apply(e):r))+"
",n}function y(e,t){var r="";return r+=" "+u(n.$view.call(e,"lib/views/promoted",{hash:{},data:t}))+" ",r}this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u=this.escapeExpression,a=this,f="function";s+=' '+u(n.$image.call(t,t,{hash:{size:60,defer:!0},data:i}))+'
",o=n["if"].call(t,t&&t.is_promoted,{hash:{},inverse:a.noop,fn:a.program(16,y,i),data:i});if(o||o===0)s+=o;return s+="\n\n",s})}), define("lib/views/progress-bar",["require","exports","module","underscore","$","models/sound","lib/view","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function p(e){var t=e?"on":"off";a[t]("pointerup",w,this)[t]("pointerdown",b,this),u[t]("resize:debounced",N,this)[t]("resize:debounced",this.getWidth.bind(this,!0),this),this.model[t]("finish",g,this)[t]("seeked",m,this)[t]("manually-seeked",m,this)[t]("play",v,this)[t]("pause",d,this)}function d(){T.call(this)}function v(){x.call(this)}function m(){y.call(this)}function g(){y.call(this)}function y(){var e=this.model.currentTime();if(this.disposed||this.isUserScrubbing&&!e)return;this.playedProgress=e?E.call(this,e):this.getPlayedProgress(),this.updateProgress(e)}function b(){this.isUserScrubbing=!0}function w(){r.delay(function(){this.isUserScrubbing=!1}.bind(this),c)}function E(e){return e/this.model.duration()}function S(e){var t=this._throttleTime,n;!e&&!this.isUserScrubbing&&y.call(this),n=Math.max(f,t&&t-this.model.currentTime()%t),this._throttleTimeout=setTimeout(S.bind(this,this.isUserScrubbing),n)}function x(){this.model.isPlaying()&&(this._throttleTime||N.call(this),this._throttleTimeout||S.call(this))}function T(){clearTimeout(this._throttleTimeout),this._throttleTimeout=null}function N(){if(this.disposed)return;var e=this.el.clientWidth,t;e!==this._lastContainerSize&&(this._lastContainerSize=e,t=this.model.duration(),this._throttleTime=Math.max(f,Math.floor(t/e)),this._throttleTime=Math.min(this._throttleTime,l))}var r=e("underscore"),i=e("$"),s=e("models/sound"),o=e("lib/view"),u=e("lib/window-events"),a=i(document),f=50,l=250,c=300,h=n.exports=o.extend({ModelClass:s,setup:function(){this.loadedProgress=this.getLoadedProgress(),this.playedProgress=this.getPlayedProgress(),this.isFullyLoaded=!1,this.isUserScrubbing=!1,p.call(this,!0)},dispose:function(){p.call(this,!1)},renderDecorate:function(){x.call(this)},teardown:function(){T.call(this)},updateProgress:i.noop,getLoadedProgress:function(){return this.model.loadProgress()},getPlayedProgress:function(){return this.model.currentTime()},calculateProgressPixels:function(e){return Math.floor(this.getWidth()*e)},getWidth:function(e){return e=this.el.parentNode?e:!0,this._width=e?this.el.offsetWidth:this._width||this.el.offsetWidth,this._width}})}), define("views/listen/time-indicator.tmpl",["vendor/handlebars-runtime"],function(){return require("vendor/handlebars-runtime").template(function(e,t,n,r,i){this.compilerInfo=[4,">= 1.0.0"],n=this.merge(n,e.helpers),i=i||{};var s="",o,u="function",a=this.escapeExpression;return s+=' 0.00 | '+a((o=t&&t.timecode,typeof o===u?o.apply(t):o))+" \n
\n",s})}), define("views/listen/time-indicator.css",["require","exports","module","css"],function(e,t,n,r){n.exports=r.stringToStyleElement(r.transform(".timeIndicator__container{background:rgba(0,0,0,.8);height:20px;line-height:20px;font-size:0;white-space:nowrap}.timeIndicator__current{color:#fff}.timeIndicator__text{font-size:12px;transition:font-size .15s cubic-bezier(.51,.37,.61,1.6)}.timeIndicator__current,.timeIndicator__total{padding:0 5px}.timeIndicator__divider,.timeIndicator__total{color:#999}")),data=null}), define("lib/views/mixins/draggable",["require","exports","module","$","lib/animation","lib/mixin","lib/window-events"],function(e,t,n){function f(e){this.el=e,this.width=null,this.coords=null,this.reset(),this.onPointerMove=p.bind(this),this.onPointerUp=d.bind(this),this.onPointerDown=h.bind(this),l.call(this,!0)}function l(e){var t=e?"on":"off";this.el[t?"addEventListener":"removeEventListener"]("pointerdown",this.onPointerDown),o[t?"on":"off"]("resize:debounced",v,this)}function c(e){var t=e?"on":"off";u[t]("pointerup",this.onPointerUp)[t]("pointermove",this.onPointerMove)}function h(e){this.kineticMoveAnimation&&this.kineticMoveAnimation.reject(),this.dispatchEvent("start"),this.dispatchEvent("drag",0),this.lastPointerX=e.x,c.call(this,!0)}function p(e){e.maskedEvent?e.maskedEvent.preventDefault():e.preventDefault();var t=e.x,n=this.lastPointerX-t;this.startMoveTimestamp=this.startMoveTimestamp||Date.now(),this.deltas.push(n),this.lastPointerX=t,(n>.01||n0?1:-1,t=this.deltas.reduce(function(e,t){return e+Math.abs(t)},0),n=t/this.deltas.length,n
VIDEO - Britons laugh in the face of terror
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 18:00
Breakingviews TV: GM runs over Einhorn - 03:32
U.S.-led coalition sees "difficult" war for Syria's Raqqa - 01:44
Girl disqualified from soccer tournament for 'looking like a boy' - 01:33
UK police name third London Bridge attacker - 02:18
Cosby arrives for day two of sex assault trial - 00:57
Trump's 'been clear to me' on Russia ties: Tillerson - 01:02
Despite tough talk, 'catch & release' persists under Trump - 02:25
U.S. contractor charged with leaking top-secret memo - 01:10
Cosby exits courthouse after first day of sexual assault trial - 01:01
'Pink Slime' case against ABC opens in era of 'fake news' - 02:20
Trump was 'not picking a fight' with London mayor: White House - 01:43
VIDEO - Former Dallas police chief ignores 'The View' question on Trump and law enforcement
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 17:59
VIDEO - What are memes - and how do they get kids in trouble?
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 17:00
Harvard revoked admissions for at least ten students after discovering they exchanged inappropriate memes in a Facebook chat. Elizabeth Keatinge (@elizkeatinge) has more. Buzz60
Jordan Alexander became the stuff that Internet''memes are made of, after he husband, Steven posted a photo of her frowning with her arms crossed on Disney's popular Splash Mountain ride. (Photo: Steven Alexander)
SAN FRANCISCO '-- Memes are in the news because ten incoming Harvard freshmen had their acceptance revoked due to their posting of violent, racist and sexist memes on an offshoot of the Harvard-created Class of 2021 Facebook group.
These visual jokes have become ubiquitous online. Memes are used to satirize politics, popular culture and common experiences and are popular on platforms like Twitter, Reddit, Facebook and Tumblr.
Popular memes recent have included President Trump and Arab leaders with their hands on a glowing orb, a series of Obama-Biden leaving the White House Jokes and many, many memes involving cats.
For many young people today who grew up consuming media from the internet more than cable TV or newspapers, understanding, sharing and creating memes is second nature.
Youth-centric memes are concentrated in public groups '-- like those related to specific colleges '-- or even in private chats. And as memes grow more widespread and evolve in response to real-world events, old memes fall to the wayside and new ones gain traction. Throughout the process, memes help teens and young adults communicate, spread ideas and feel like they are a part of a national '-- and sometimes international '-- network.
Origins
The origins of one of the Internet's most popular joke formats may be surprising to many. It turns out the example of the would-be Harvard freshman example is less a veering away from a G-rated joke form than a return to its roots.
Over the last 40 years, the concept of memes that began with an Oxford professor then jumped to postings on violent, racist and offensive websites and has since morphed to the kind of cat jokes your aunt might send out to her choir email list.
The term was coined in 1976 by the British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in his best-selling book The Selfish Gene. It described an idea, behavior or style that spread virally between humans within a culture. An infectious idea, Dawkins said, could leap from mind to mind much like a virus leaps from person to person.
Examples of memes are monotheism, the idea that the earth revolves around the sun or that diseases are caused by microbes and not evil spirits. These viral ideas spread from human to human and influenced culture, just as genes spread from human to human and affected the species, Dawkins wrote.
The concept of memes was embraced by thinkers and writers. By 1988 writer Howard Rheingold released a series of essays titled Excursions to the far side of the mind: A book of memes.
Related:
At least 10 who got into Harvard lose admission over offensive memes
Silver lining? 'Hamilton' controversy inspires new Biden memes
Pepe the Frog croaks: Cartoonist kills off character that became a hate symbol
The 'white guy blinking' meme, explained
By 1994, online observer and lawyer Mike Godwin wrote in Wired magazine about the ways the Internet was especially conducive to spreading these viral ideas. Godwin famously created one of earliest viral Internet memes, Godwin's Law of Nazi Analogies, which states "As an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches one."
Beginning in the early 2000s one of the meme formats that has become most iconic '' a picture with a line of text at the top and the bottom, in a font called Impact '' first emerged.
Where they appeared is perhaps surprising. While images of cute babies, adorable animals and movie characters seem ubiquitous, the first memes became popular in the Internet's unabashedly offensive troll culture, said Whitney Phillips, a professor of digital folklore at Mercer University in Georgia who studies memes.
Racist, sexist and violent memes in the new format found a potent breeding ground on 4chan, a web discussion board that included a large array of offensive material.
The format, minus the offensive content, made the leap into popular culture beginning around 2009, much to the anger of the trolls who had created it.
''There was quite a lot of resentment that their highly esoteric, highly offensive and highly specific form had become this thing your uncle does on Facebook,'' said Phillips. She and co-author Ryan Milner have a book coming out next week on memes and online expression called The Ambivalent Internet.
While many memes shared online are light-hearted, they can also involve inappropriate and often taboo subjects. In this way, they are much like off-color jokes that might have been told after a quick look around to see who was within earshot. Only now they're posted online in forums.
This gives the illusion that they're private "but of course, nothing is private online,'' said author Rheingold. "Isn't it amazing that they were smart enough to get into Harvard and not smart enough to know this?" he asked.
Read or Share this story: https://usat.ly/2sOUMtW
VIDEO - U.S.-led coalition sees "difficult" war for Syria's Raqqa
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:32
Girl disqualified from soccer tournament for 'looking like a boy' - 01:33
UK police name third London Bridge attacker - 02:18
Cosby arrives for day two of sex assault trial - 00:57
Trump's 'been clear to me' on Russia ties: Tillerson - 01:02
Despite tough talk, 'catch & release' persists under Trump - 02:25
U.S. contractor charged with leaking top-secret memo - 01:10
Cosby exits courthouse after first day of sexual assault trial - 01:01
'Pink Slime' case against ABC opens in era of 'fake news' - 02:20
Trump was 'not picking a fight' with London mayor: White House - 01:43
Countries cut links with Qatar over 'terrorism' - 01:25
Trump will not block Comey's testimony: White House - 00:27
VIDEO - Saudi Dispute With Qatar Has 22-Year History Rooted in Gas - Bloomberg
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 16:21
Saudi Arabia's isolation of Qatar has been brewing since 1995, and the dispute's long past and likely lingering future are best explained by natural gas.
Not only was that the year when the father of the current emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, toppled his own pro-Saudi father, it was also when the tiny desert peninsula was about to make its first shipment of liquid natural gas from the world's largest reservoir. The offshore North Field, which provides virtually all of Qatar's gas, is shared with Iran, Saudi Arabia's hated rival.
Get the latest on global politics in your inbox, every day.
Get our newsletter daily.
The wealth that followed turned Qatar into not just the world's richest nation, with an annual per-capita income of $130,000, but also the world's largest LNG exporter. The focus on gas set it apart from its oil producing neighbors in the Gulf Cooperation Council and allowed it to break from domination by Saudi Arabia, which in Monday's statement of complaint described Qataris as an ''extension of their brethren in the Kingdom'' as it cut off diplomatic relations and closed the border.
Instead, Qatar built its own ties with other powers including Iran, the U.S. -- Qatar hosts U.S. Central Command -- and more recently, Russia. Qatar's sovereign wealth fund agreed last year to invest $2.7 billion in Russia's state-run Rosneft Oil Co. PJSC.
''Qatar used to be a kind of Saudi vassal state, but it used the autonomy that its gas wealth created to carve out an independent role for itself,'' said Jim Krane, energy research fellow at Rice University's Baker Institute, in Houston, Texas. ''The rest of the region has been looking for an opportunity to clip Qatar's wings.''
Trump's VisitThat opportunity came with U.S. President Donald Trump's recent visit to Saudi Arabia, when he called on ''all nations of conscience'' to isolate Iran. When Qatar disagreed publicly, in a statement the government later said was a product of hacking, the Saudi-led retribution followed.
Critically, Qatar's natural gas output has been free from entanglement in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the oil cartel that Saudi Arabia dominates.
The new emir, having survived a counter-coup attempt in 1996, didn't build pipelines that would have integrated Qatar into the markets of its Gulf neighbors. Two senior Qatari government officials alleged during the trial of the coup plotters in 2000 that Bahrain helped to organize the attempt with Saudi Arabia's consent, according to a report by the BBC.
At the time, those much richer oil states saw natural gas as virtually worthless, useful mainly for injecting back into oil wells to improve extraction rates. They were willing to pay only a fraction of the world market price for LNG, according to a paper Krane co-authored with Qatar University's Steven Wright.
The sole pipeline built, the Dolphin project connecting Qatar's North Field to the United Arab Emirates and Oman, has operated at half to two thirds capacity. Contracts signed last year should fill the rest, yet the vast majority of Qatar's exports will continue to go to markets in Asia and Europe.
Angering NeighborsMore recently, demand for natural gas to produce electricity and power industry has been growing in the Gulf states. They're having to resort to higher-cost LNG imports and exploring difficult domestic gas formations that are expensive to get out of the ground, according to the research. Qatar's gas has the lowest extraction costs in the world.
Qatar gas wealth enabled it to develop foreign policies that came to irritate its neighbors. It backed the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Hamas in the Gaza Strip and armed factions opposed by the UAE or Saudi Arabia in Libya and Syria. Gas also paid for a global television network, Al Jazeera, which at various times has embarrassed or angered most Middle Eastern governments.
Read More: Q&A on Why Qatar Angers Saudi Arabia and Its Allies
On Tuesday, Trump said on Twitter that when he talked about the need to stop funding radical ideology during his trip to the Middle East, ''Leaders pointed to Qatar - look!''
Above all, gas prompted Qatar to promote a regional policy of engagement with Shiite Iran to secure the source of its wealth.
Gas isn't the immediate cause of the current showdown, but ''you can question why Qatar has been unwilling to supply its neighboring countries, making them gas poor,'' said Wright, the academic, speaking by telephone from the Qatari capital Doha. ''There probably was an expectation that Qatar would sell gas to them at a discount price.''
What Next?Adding to regional frustrations, in 2005, Qatar declared a moratorium on the further development of the North Field that could have provided more gas for local export.
Qatar said it needed to test how the field was responding to its exploitation, denying that it was bending to sensitivities in Iran, which had been much slower to draw gas from its side of the shared field. That two-year moratorium was lifted in April, a decade late, after Iran for the first time caught up with Qatar's extraction rates.
''People here are scratching their heads as to exactly what the Saudis expect Qatar to do,'' said Gerd Nonneman, professor of international relations and Gulf studies at Georgetown University's Doha campus. ''They seem to want Qatar to cave in completely, but it won't call the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization, because it isn't. And it isn't going to excommunicate Iran, because that would jeopardize a relationship that is just too fundamental to Qatar's economic development.''
VIDEO - Despite tough talk, 'catch
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 15:03
Most Americans want U.S. to lead on climate change - 02:16
Trump was 'not picking a fight' with London mayor: White House - 01:43
Trump will not block Comey's testimony: White House - 00:27
Trump tries to reboot agenda as Comey testimony looms - 02:02
U.S. oil firms turn to CO2, and Congress, to help cut costs - 02:11
Trump hits the road this week to talk infrastructure - 01:29
Sen. Warner says 'no imminent threat in the United States' - 01:12
Trump 'believes the climate is changing': Haley - 00:43
Trump unlikely to block Comey testimony: NYT - 01:39
Protesters in D.C. "March for Truth" - 01:06
"Make America white again": Trump supporter at White House - 00:56
VIDEO - O'Donnell: Trump may have destroyed his presidency by allowing Comey to testify
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:47
VIDEO - Sadiq Khan: 'We shouldn't roll out carpet to Trump' '' Channel 4 News
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:45
Responding to criticism from President Trump on Twitter after the London Bridge killings, London Mayor Sadiq Khan says he doesn't have time to respond to his tweets. On the President's proposed state visit to the UK, he says the carpet should not be rolled out for him.
VIDEO - Donald Trump's sons call Russia investigation 'greatest hoax of all time,' 'witch hunt'
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:30
VIDEO - Donald Trump Jr. slams Kathy Griffin for crying bully: She deserves whatever's coming to her
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:29
VIDEO - Diane Abbott 'brain fade' on London terror report (05Jun17) - YouTube
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:47
VIDEO - In the News: Texas Gov. hosts COS Texas warriors to celebrate historic victory - YouTube
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:40
VIDEO - Crowdsource the Truth Interviews Rod Wheeler - YouTube
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:38
VIDEO - Are tech companies providing "material support" to terrorists? - CBS News
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:26
After Saturday's deadly London terror attack, British Prime Minister Theresa May said technology companies need to do more to stop terrorists from working together online.
"We cannot allow this ideology the safe space it needs to breed. Yet that is precisely what the internet and the big companies that provide internet-based services provide," May said Sunday. "We need to work with allied democratic governments to reach international agreements that regulate cyberspace to prevent the spread of extremism and terrorism planning."
Play Video
CBSN Why has the U.K. become a major target for terror?British officials are urging people to remain "alert and vigilant" after three major terror incidents this year. Why has the U.K. become such a t...
CBS News senior national security analyst Fran Townsend, who was President George W. Bush's homeland security adviser, agreed, calling cyberspace the "single most important component right now" in addressing terror.
"Let's remember, using the Telegram channel, the encrypting messaging application , ISIS called for Ramadan attacks using cars, knives and guns. And we've seen this incredible rise in these Ramadan attacks right now. And so I think what Theresa May is trying say is we need to battle the cyberspace just as you would the physical space '' air, sea, land. We need to approach it in that way to confront them, deny them the use of the internet," Townsend said Monday on "CBS This Morning"
While Twitter suspended 376,890 accounts in 2016, Townsend said tech companies need to do more.
"[Twitter was] very late to the game and had to be sort of shamed into doing it. They have an understandable and righteous concern about First Amendment. I get that. By the same token, you can't allow yourselves to provide '' these social media companies '' material support, right? That's a criminal offense, to provide material support," Townsend said. "And so you have to do more. They have to deploy technology that will allow them to identify video, audio, pictures and take them down."
But videos spreading the message of extremism still exist online. Townsend gave the example of Anwar al-Awlaki , the American-born al Qaeda cleric who was killed by a drone during the Obama administration.
"If you go online right now and you Google him, you can bring up his sermons, and so that stuff's still online and he's permitted to terrorize us from the grave," Townsend said.
Seven people were killed in Saturday's van and knife attack on London Bridge and Borough Market, and at least 48 people, including two Americans, were injured. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attacks. Investigators have carried out a series of raids and are detaining people, looking for connections to the attackers. Over the weekend, British police arrested 12 people in east London, and one was later released.
This was Britain's third terror attack since March.
(C) 2017 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.
VIDEO - Chicago taxi industry sliding towards collapse
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:19
Gary Karczewski is veteran Chicago cab driver who has seen the value of his taxi medallion plummet with the rise of ride-sharing companies. USA TODAY
The value of Chicago's taxi medallions have plummeted dramatically over the last several years. Now, foreclosures in the city boasts the second biggest taxi fleet are on the rise. (Photo: John Zich, USA TODAY)
CHICAGO '-- Operators of the nation's second-biggest taxi fleet are now accelerating toward their long-rumored extinction, edging towards becoming virtual dinosaurs in the era of ride-sharing monsters Uber and Lyft.
Cabbies have long grumbled that the sky is falling as they lose ground to ride-sharing companies. Now, cabbies in Chicago are pointing to new data that suggests the decline could be speeding up.
About 42% of Chicago's taxi fleet was not operating in the month of March, and cabbies have seen their revenue slide for their long-beleaguered industry by nearly 40% over the last three years as riders are increasingly ditching cabs for ride-hailing apps Uber, Lyft and Via, according to a study released Monday by the Chicago cab drivers union.
More than 2,900 of Chicago's nearly 7,000 licensed taxis were inactive in March 2017 '-- meaning they had not picked up a fare in a month, according to the Cab Drivers United/AFSCME Local 2500 report. The average monthly income per active medallion '-- the permit that gives cabbies the exclusive right to pick up passengers who hail them on the street '-- has dipped from $5,276 in January 2014 to $3,206 this year.
The number of riders in Chicago hailing cabs has also plummeted during that same period from 2.3 million monthly riders to about 1.1 million.
Declining ridership for Chicago's taxi industry comes as foreclosures are piling up for taxi medallion owners who aren't generating enough fares to keep up with their loan payments and meet their expenses.
More than 350 foreclosure notices or foreclosure lawsuits have been initiated against medallion owners already this year, compared to 266 last year and 59 in 2015. Since October, lenders have filed lawsuits against at least 107 medallion owners who have fallen behind on loan payments, according to the union's count.
The union is calling on the city take several actions to provide relief for the city's struggling taxi industry, including changing rules so taxi drivers aren't required to replace their vehicles as often, waive an annual $1,176 per taxi ground transportation tax fee, and eliminating a city medallion license renewal fee that costs owners $1,000 every two years.
''When they opened up ground transportation and taxi market to thousands of for-hire vehicles like Uber, Lyft and now Via . . . taxi driver income has been decimated and owner-operators are unable to keep up with loan payments for their medallions plus their high-operating costs,'' said Tracey Abman , associate director at AFSCME. ''As a result of that, hundreds of taxi owner-operators are facing foreclosures on their medallions and thousands more foreclosures are likely unless the city takes substantial action to reduce the financial burden on small taxi owners.''
Chicago cabbies aren't alone in feeling the pinch.
In New York, ridership in the city's iconic yellow cabs has fallen about 30% over the last three years. Last year, San Francisco's Yellow Cab '-- the city's largest taxi company '-- filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Los Angeles taxi ridership fell 43%, and revenue was down 24%, between 2013 and 2016.
Chicago's Department of Business Affairs and Consumer Protection said in a statement that it is prepared to continue talks with cab owners and operators on ways to reduce the regulations on the industry. But the city agency noted that it also has already taken a series of actions to try to help the bottom lines of owners and operators, including hiking taxi fares by 15%, reducing credit card transaction fees on rides, and reducing the medallion transfer tax by 80%.
''Transportation companies compete for customers, and ultimately it is the consumer who makes the choice,'' the city agency said.
The value of Chicago medallions hit a median sales peak of $357,000 in late 2013, just before Uber arrived on the scene in Chicago. In April, one medallion sold for just $35,000, according to city data.
About 39% of Chicago's medallions are owned by individuals or groups with four or few fewer medallions, while the majority of medallions are owned by companies that maintain large fleets of taxis and lease the permits and vehicles to licensed operators.
Veteran Chicago cabbie John Aikins,67, who is facing foreclosure on two medallions for which he owes more than $330,0000, said he has little hope that the industry can be saved.
"It feels like the city is just watching us collapse," Aikins said. "Right now, there are a few people, the elderly and some others who refuse to take Uber because they are uncomfortable with it, that keep us going. But how many of those people are out there to sustain us?"
Taxi operators have long complained since the emergence of Uber that they face an uneven playing field with the ride-share companies, which don't typically face the same permitting and fee rules. The Illinois Transportation Trade Association of Illinois unsuccessfully sued the city of Chicago, arguing that Chicago had unconstitutionally enforced two sets of rules for taxi and ride-sharing industries and made it impossible for cabbies to compete with Uber and Lyft.
But the U.S. 7th Circuit Court of Appeals ultimately rejected the taxi industry's argument. Cabs and ride-hailing, the court ruled last October, are distinct services and could thus be regulated differently. In April, the Supreme Court declined to hear the case and the 7th Circuit's finding stood.
"Were the old deemed to have a constitutional right to preclude the entry of the new into the markets of the old, economic progress might grind to a halt," Judge Richard Posner wrote in the 7th Circuit decision. "Instead of taxis we might have horse and buggies; instead of the telephone, the telegraph; instead of computers, slide rules."
Follow USA TODAY Chicago correspondent Aamer Madhani on Twitter: @AamerISmad
Read or Share this story: https://usat.ly/2sKZb0C
VIDEO - The Rise of 'Chalkman': One Evergreen State College Student Refuses to Cave to the Mob | Heat Street
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 12:00
If Tumblr kids did the French Revolution, it would be exactly like Evergreen State College.
The campus erupted in protest a two weeks ago when biology professor Bret Weinstein emailed a student criticizing their plans for the ''Day of Absence.'' Usually the event is conducted by students of color leaving the campus for the day, but this year they wanted to coerce all white students and faculty to leave instead. Weinstein called this an act of oppression of its own, and was pilloried by hundreds of students who in effect took over the campus in Olympia, Washington.
Since then the school's administration and faculty have capitulated to almost all the protesters demands and are completely humiliated on a regular basis. It's all filmed and uploaded to YouTube. The protesters are effectively running the campus, which has been shut down since Thursday due to a violent anonymous threat made to police.
But not all students are giving into the tyranny of mob rule.
A freshman at Evergreen, Nolan (he preferred not to publish his last name), has started a polite, subversive, Limp Bizkit-themed resistance against the gaggle of protesters.
Nolan and a few friends are writing relatively uncontroversial messages in chalk around the school, like ''we want to learn,'' and ''college is not a safe space.''
The first time he went out to chalk, Nolan was assaulted by members of the mob, who poured water on him and ripped off his glasses. The confrontation began when he was covering graffiti calling for Weinstein's firing with the message, ''Limp Bizkit did nothing wrong.''
''I wrote it to prove these guys aren't here to have a discussion, they are here to violently bully the campus into submission,'' Nolan said by phone. ''I t wasn't the most intimidating bunch and I felt I was in control of the situation.''
While Nolan chalked in protest, his friend secretly recorded the confrontation. They responded to the mob's threats with apolitical Limp Bizkit references. Although the group physically assaulted Nolan, he didn't fight back in any way.
Fred Durst from Limp Bizkit, the newest symbol of resistance.''Being a white male,I felt if I was to attack back it would be very bad,'' he said. ''That situation could be flipped very poorly in my direction.''
After the incident, Nolan became a persona non grata on campus. He was called a ''Nazi'' and a ''white supremacist'' on the school's closed Facebook group. Former friends turned against him, and used their former relationships to spread rumors about him.
''One of my SJW friends sold me out to the crowd,'' Nolan said. ''One of these nights I woke up to 16 texts calling me cis scum and a white supremacist.''
But Nolan kept chalking with a group of about five people. They would draw Pepe the Frogs and write bullshit about Limp Bizkit.
Meanwhile, the president of Evergreen, George Bridges, won't even raise his hands while speaking to students for fear of committing a microaggression. Professors are told to ''go fuck themselves'' on a daily basis. Only Chalkman and his merry band of chalkers are brave enough to stand up to the protesters.
Last Thursday, Nolan and his friends were accosted again by ''the mob.'' He was on his way to the bus to get dinner, and a group of about 20 people, one of them holding a bat, began following them. Many of the same characters from the first encounter were present at the second one. (See video below.)
Nolan said it appeared like the group was waiting for him outside his dorm room, like they knew were he lived. ''They were all a bunch of walking stereotypes,'' he said. ''It's like Tumblr was attacking me.''
Nolan's friend Andrew, who is not an Evergreen student but was visiting from out of town, got the encounter on video. When he began filming, they started screaming, saying it was illegal to film them in public.
''It's illegal to assault people,'' Andrew replied when a member of the mob bull-rushed him and tried to grab his camera.
''It was all perplexing, I just wanted to get it on tape,'' Andrew said over the phone. ''It was real immature, like on a middle-school playground.''
According to Nolan, the group were hurling insults, saying things like ''all crackers love mayonnaise.''
You can see from the end of the video, the student holding the bat.
The group even posted a picture on Instagram were they're all holding bats and yet somehow still don't look intimidating.
This is where we are now. Evergreen is under mob rule by baseball bat-wielding, dyed-haired, gender studies majors who get triggered by Limp Bizkit. And the villains, according to this mob, are white liberal college professors and a teenager with chalk.
Follow me on Twitter @William__Hicks
VIDEO - Official Resigns After Blaming Flint Water Crisis On 'N****rs Who Don't Pay Their Bills'
Tue, 06 Jun 2017 11:37
An official at an agency that manages foreclosed homes in Flint, Michigan, has resigned after a recording surfaced Sunday in which he blames the city's water crisis on ''n****rs who don't pay their bills.''
Phil Stair resigned as sales manager of the Genesee County Land Bank, the bank's executive director, Michele Wildman, told MLive on Monday.
Note: A version of the audio file posted online by Truth Against The Machine and a transcript appear in full and uncensored form below.
Local environmental activist Chelsea Lyons recorded Stair explaining in May why he thought Flint, a city mired in debt, switched from buying Detroit's pretreated Lake Huron water to using Flint River water, which sparked the crisis that has left the city without safe drinking water for several years.
After the 2014 switch, the city's water plant failed to properly treat the more toxic water under orders from state officials, causing lead from old pipes to leach into city water.
But in his racist remarks, Stair traces the crisis to residents not paying their water bills:
Detroit was charging all its customers for the cost; they weren't collecting from their residents. They weren't shutting the water off, they were letting bills go forever, but they were charging everybody else, they covered them. Well, Flint has the same problems as Detroit, fucking niggers don't pay their bills, believe me, I deal with them. I don't want to call them niggers, shit, I have, shit, I just went to Myrtle Beach, 24 guys, and I was the only white guy. I got friends, I mean, there's trash and there's people that do this. '... They just don't pay their bills. Well, Detroit didn't collect on their bills, so they charged everybody else, but Flint, Flint had to pay their bill to Detroit.
The comment comes about one minute into a 20-minute audio recording published by liberal news site Truth Against the Machine. Lyons did not immediately return a request for comment about the recording. She told MLive she and another woman met Stair at a local bar and she made the recordings over two days.
Stair's allegation that unpaid bills caused the Flint water crisis drastically differs from most accounts. Politicians, activists and others have heaped blame on officials at every level of government for ignoring the crisis in its early stages as residents repeatedly raised concerns that their tap water had a funny smell, color and taste '• and was making them sick.
Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder (R) did not acknowledge the crisis until late in 2015, after experts found that there was a sharp increase in the number of children with elevated lead levels in their blood. There's no safe exposure level for lead, a harmful neurotoxin that can affect brain development.
Stair also blamed Snyder for not stepping in earlier when Flint was negotiating its water service contract with ''brokeass Detroit.''
Experts have called the crisis an example of environmental racism, saying it would have been handled differently if Flint weren't a majority-black city where 40 percent of residents live below the poverty line. The disaster represented ''a complete failure of government'' rooted in ''systemic racism,'' Snyder's Civil Rights Commission concluded in a damning report released in February.
Flint residents have had to pay some of the highest rates for drinking water in the country. The state gave residents discounts on water bills after acknowledging the emergency, but suspended the credits earlier this year '• a decision that rankled locals who are paying for contaminated water.
A woman holds a sign criticizing water costs at a Flint City Council meeting in February.
More Flint warned 8,000 homeowners last month that they could be hit with tax liens '• legal claims against their property '• if they've fallen more than six months behind on their water bills. Genesee County could then foreclose on homes with liens and transfer their ownership to the Genesee County Land Bank. Flint City Council voted to place a one-year moratorium on the tax liens a couple weeks after the city started sending out notices.
The Land Bank plays a critical role in a city struggling with blight and abandonment, overseeing a major program to demolish vacant homes. In Lyon's recordings, Stair denigrates the Flint residents he was supposed to serve, complaining about ''fucking deadbeats'' he claims are ''destroying'' neighborhoods.
''The people are still the people,'' Stair said. ''They fuck the houses up, and they leave and then we tear 'em down; they just go somewhere else and just fuck those houses up.''
U.S. Rep. Dan Kildee, a Flint Democrat who has advocated for his constituents throughout the crisis, condemned Stair's comments on Twitter Sunday. Kildee founded the Land Bank in 2004, when he was Genesee County's treasurer, and Stair says that Kildee hired him.
Wildman, the bank's executive director, apologized for her former employee's remarks on Monday, according to Michigan Radio.
''We are outraged by the offensive statements and committed to taking all steps necessary to rebuild public trust,'' she said.
Related:
Watch news, TV and more Yahoo View, available on iOS and Android.
This article originally appeared on HuffPost.
VIDEO-'Pink Slime' case against ABC opens in era of 'fake news'
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:45
'Pink Slime' case against ABC opens in era of 'fake news' | Reuters.comHTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: text/html;charset=UTF-8 Content-Length: 22831 Connection: keep-alive Age: 100 Content-Encoding: gzip Date: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:45:02 GMT Expires: Mon, 5 Jun 2017 23:43:22 GMT Server: nginx Vary: Accept-Encoding X-Cache: Miss from cloudfront Via: 1.1 3ba227744941f44a7a22902a68960375.cloudfront.net (CloudFront) X-Amz-Cf-Id: Mtw1safrRv5-EgNrVOrgUhBkPXQ85sAPAuVhldykPRkE7OKAI91zkQ==
Eikon
Information, analytics and exclusive news on financial markets - delivered in an intuitive desktop and mobile interface
Elektron
Everything you need to empower your workflow and enhance your enterprise data management
World-Check
Screen for heightened risk individual and entities globally to help uncover hidden risks in business relationships and human networks
Westlaw
Build the strongest argument relying on authoritative content, attorney-editor expertise, and industry defining technology
ONESOURCE
The most comprehensive solution to manage all your complex and ever-expanding tax and compliance needs
CHECKPOINT
The industry leader for online information for tax, accounting and finance professionals
VIDEO-Piano players play Bach prelude on 60 pianos
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:43
Meet Lithuania's fastest baby - 01:14
The buzz and brains behind the Spelling Bee - 01:33
From fear of water to gold, Bosnian armless swimmer beats odds - 01:25
A bike with a view: capturing the Rolling Thunder - 01:14
A startup that's turning bread into beer - 02:36
Lima celebrates Peruvian Clown Day - 01:34
Stone-lifting strongmen compete in Bavaria - 01:12
Britain's "Iron Man" breaks his own jet-suit speed record - 02:05
Pastry chef paints cookies in Trump's likeness - 02:04
Hopes rise for safe birth by Japan's probably pregnant panda - 00:52
INSIGHT: Omar in the running to be the world's longest cat - 01:01
VIDEO-Morning Joe hosts taunt Trump for watching show, tweeting responses about travel ban
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:43
VIDEO-Pelosi snaps that she never called for James Comey's firing
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:38
VIDEO-Joy Behar gets annoyed with Pelosi for not being enthusiastic about impeaching Trump
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 23:38
VIDEO - London Suspect Appeared In UK Documentary, Links to MI5 Not Reported by MSM - YouTube
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 21:26
VIDEO - WH adviser: Trump tweets aren't policy - CNN Video
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 16:42
');$vidEndSlate.removeClass('video__end-slate--inactive').addClass('video__end-slate--active');}};CNN.autoPlayVideoExist = (CNN.autoPlayVideoExist === true) ? true : false;var configObj = {thumb: 'none',video: 'politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn',width: '100%',height: '100%',section: 'domestic',profile: 'expansion',network: 'cnn',markupId: 'large-media_0',adsection: 'const-video-leaf',frameWidth: '100%',frameHeight: '100%',posterImageOverride: {"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-small-11.jpg"}}},autoStartVideo = false,callbackObj,containerEl,currentVideoCollection = [{"videoCMSUrl":"/videos/politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn","videoId":"politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},{"videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn","videoUrl":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"}],currentVideoCollectionId = '',isLivePlayer = false,moveToNextTimeout,mutePlayerEnabled = false,nextVideoId = '',nextVideoUrl = '',turnOnFlashMessaging = false,videoPinner,videoEndSlateImpl;if (CNN.autoPlayVideoExist === false) {autoStartVideo = true;if (autoStartVideo === true) {if (turnOnFlashMessaging === true) {autoStartVideo = false;containerEl = jQuery(document.getElementById(configObj.markupId));CNN.VideoPlayer.showFlashSlate(containerEl);} else {CNN.autoPlayVideoExist = true;}}}configObj.autostart = autoStartVideo;CNN.VideoPlayer.setPlayerProperties(configObj.markupId, autoStartVideo, isLivePlayer, mutePlayerEnabled);CNN.VideoPlayer.setFirstVideoInCollection(currentVideoCollection, configObj.markupId);var embedLinkHandler = {},videoPinner,embedCodeCopy;function onVideoCarouselItemClicked(evt) {'use strict';var videoId,articleElem,videoPlayer,thumbImageElem,thumbImageLargeSource,overrides = {videoCollection: this.videoCollection,autostart: false},shouldStartVideo = false,playerInstance;try {articleElem = jQuery(evt.currentTarget).find('article');thumbImageElem = jQuery(articleElem).find('.media__image');videoId = articleElem.data().videoId;if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(configObj.markupId) === 'fave') {playerInstance = FAVE.player.getInstance(configObj.markupId);if (CNN.Utils.existsObject(playerInstance) &&typeof playerInstance.getVideoData === 'function' &&playerInstance.getVideoData().id !== videoId) {/* Remove videoobject metadata script.If the user click other than initial loaded video */jQuery(articleElem).closest('.cn-carousel-medium-strip').parent().find('script[name="metaScript"]').remove();playerInstance.play(videoId, overrides);}} else {videoPlayer = CNNVIDEOAPI.CNNVideoManager.getInstance().getPlayerByContainer(configObj.markupId);if (videoPlayer && videoPlayer.videoInstance) {/** if videoPlayer.videoInstance.cvp is null that means it's not initialized yet so* pass in the thumbnail, too.*/if (!videoPlayer.videoInstance.cvp) {if (typeof thumbImageElem !== 'undefined' && thumbImageElem !== null) {thumbImageLargeSource = thumbImageElem.data() && thumbImageElem.data().srcLarge ? thumbImageElem.data().srcLarge : 'none';}overrides.thumb = thumbImageLargeSource ? thumbImageLargeSource : 'none';shouldStartVideo = true;}if (videoPlayer.videoInstance.config) {if (videoPlayer.videoInstance.config.video !== videoId) {/* Remove videoobject metadata script.If the user click other than initial loaded video */jQuery(articleElem).closest('.cn-carousel-medium-strip').parent().find('script[name="metaScript"]').remove();CNNVIDEOAPI.CNNVideoManager.getInstance().playVideo(configObj.markupId, videoId, overrides);}/* Video player isn't autoplay, so init itif (shouldStartVideo && this.carouselClickAutostartsVideo) {try {videoPlayer.videoInstance.start();} catch (startError) {console.log("error in initializing video player" + startError);}}*/}}}} catch (error) {console.log("error in initializing video player" + error);}}function setInitialVideoEmbed() {}function initialize(){var carousel = jQuery(document.getElementById('cn-current_video_collection')).find('.js-owl-carousel'),owl;if (carousel) {carousel.find('.cn__column.carousel__content__item').find('a').removeAttr('href');jQuery(carousel).on('click', '.cn__column.carousel__content__item', onVideoCarouselItemClicked);}}if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(configObj.markupId) === 'videoLoader') {window.CNNVideoAPILoadCompleteHandlers = window.CNNVideoAPILoadCompleteHandlers ? window.CNNVideoAPILoadCompleteHandlers : [];window.CNNVideoAPILoadCompleteHandlers.push(initialize);window.CNNVideoAPILoadCompleteHandlers.push(setInitialVideoEmbed);} else {initialize();}CNN.INJECTOR.executeFeature('videx').done(function () {var initMeta = {id:"politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn", isEmbeddable: "yes"};CNN.Videx.EmbedButton.updateCode(initMeta);}).fail(function () {throw 'Unable to fetch the videx bundle.';});function updateCurrentlyPlaying(videoId) {var videoCollectionId = 'current_video_collection',videocardContents = getCurrentVideoCardContents(videoId),carousel = jQuery(document.getElementById('cn-current_video_collection')).find('.js-owl-carousel'),domain = CNN.Host.domain || (document.location.protocol + '//' + document.location.hostname),owl,$owlFirstItem,$owlPrevItem,showDetailsSpanContent = '',gigyaShareElement,showIndex,whatsappShareElement,$carouselContentItems = jQuery('.carousel__content__item', document.getElementById('cn-current_video_collection'));gigyaShareElement = jQuery('div.js-gigya-sharebar');if (typeof gigyaShareElement !== 'undefined') {jQuery(gigyaShareElement).attr('data-title', videocardContents.headlinePlainText || '');jQuery(gigyaShareElement).attr('data-description', videocardContents.descriptionPlainText || '');jQuery(gigyaShareElement).attr('data-link', domain + videocardContents.url || '');jQuery(gigyaShareElement).attr('data-image-src', videocardContents.media.elementContents.imageUrl || '');}whatsappShareElement = jQuery('div.share-bar-whatsapp-container');if (typeof whatsappShareElement !== 'undefined') {jQuery(whatsappShareElement).attr('data-title', videocardContents.headlinePlainText || '');jQuery(whatsappShareElement).attr('data-storyurl', domain + videocardContents.url || '');}if (carousel && currentVideoCollectionContainsId(videoId)) {owl = carousel.data('owl.carousel') || {};showIndex = getCurrentVideoIndex(videoId);if (typeof owl.to === 'function') {owl.to(showIndex);}$owlPrevItem = CNN.Utils.exists(owl.$element) ? owl.$element.find('.cd.cd--active') : $carouselContentItems.find('.cd.cd--active');$owlPrevItem.removeClass('cd--active');$owlPrevItem.find('.media__over-text').remove();$owlPrevItem.find('.media__icon').show();$owlFirstItem = CNN.Utils.exists(owl._items) ? jQuery(owl._items[showIndex]) : $carouselContentItems.eq(showIndex);$owlFirstItem.find('.cd').addClass('cd--active');$owlFirstItem.find('.media a:first-child').append('Now Playing
');if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone) {$owlFirstItem.find('.media__icon').hide();}}CNN.Videx.Metadata.init({dateCreated: videocardContents.dateCreated,descriptionText: videocardContents.descriptionText,duration: videocardContents.duration,sourceLink: videocardContents.sourceLink,sourceName: videocardContents.sourceName,title: videocardContents.headlineText},{videoCollectionDivId: 'cn-1fernui',videoDescriptionDivId: 'js-video_description-1fernui',videoDurationDivId: 'js-video_duration-1fernui',videoTitleDivId: 'js-leaf-video_headline-1fernui',videoSourceDivId: 'js-video_sourceName-1fernui'});if (CNN.Utils.exists(videocardContents.showName)) {if (CNN.Utils.exists(videocardContents.showUrl)) {showDetailsSpanContent = '' + videocardContents.showName + ' | ';} else {showDetailsSpanContent = videocardContents.showName + ' | ';}}fastdom.measure(function getShowInfo() {var $show = jQuery('.metadata__show'),$isShowDetailsSpanExists = $show.find('span').hasClass('metadata--show__name'),$showName = jQuery('.metadata--show__name');fastdom.mutate(function updateShowInfo() {if (!$isShowDetailsSpanExists) {$show.prepend('' + showDetailsSpanContent + ' ');} else {$showName.html(showDetailsSpanContent);}});});if (typeof (history) !== 'undefined' && typeof (history.replaceState) !== 'undefined') {history.replaceState('', '', videocardContents.url);document.title = videocardContents.headlineText ? videocardContents.headlineText : '';}}function getCurrentVideoCardContents(currentVideoId) {var containerContents = [{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["After President Trump referred to his executive order on immigration as a \"travel ban\" in a series of tweets, Sebastian Gorka, a White House national security aide, says the President's tweets are only social media, not policy."],"descriptionPlainText":"After President Trump referred to his executive order on immigration as a \"travel ban\" in a series of tweets, Sebastian Gorka, a White House national security aide, says the President's tweets are only social media, not policy.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"WH adviser: Trump tweets aren't policy","headlinePlainText":"WH adviser: Trump tweets aren't policy","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"CNN","photographer":"CNN","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170605084238-sabastian-gorka-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true}},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/videos/politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn","videoId":"politics/2017/06/05/sebastian-gorka-trump-travel-ban-cuomo-newday.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"9:15 AM ET, Mon June 5, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","showName":"New Day","showUrl":"/shows/new-day"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["After President Trump decided to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, top executives like Apple's Tim Cook and Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg expressed deep disappointment. "],"descriptionPlainText":"After President Trump decided to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, top executives like Apple's Tim Cook and Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg expressed deep disappointment.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"CEOs to Trump: You're wrong on climate change","headlinePlainText":"CEOs to Trump: You're wrong on climate change","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"US President Donald Trump departs after he announced his decision to withdraw the US from the Paris Climate Accords in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, DC, on June 1, 2017. \n\"As of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris accord and the draconian financial and economic burdens the agreement imposes on our country,\" Trump said. / AFP PHOTO / SAUL LOEB (Photo credit should read SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)","imageAlt":"US President Donald Trump departs after he announced his decision to withdraw the US from the Paris Climate Accords in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, DC, on June 1, 2017. \n\"As of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris accord and the draconian financial and economic burdens the agreement imposes on our country,\" Trump said. / AFP PHOTO / SAUL LOEB (Photo credit should read SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"AFP/Getty Images","photographer":"SAUL LOEB/AFP/AFP/Getty Images","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602052325-trump-rose-garden-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:43"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/ceos-to-trump-youre-wrong-on-climate-change.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"12:27 PM ET, Fri June 2, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["President Trump cited economic reasons for pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement. CNN's Christine Romans breaks down the real facts on the economic impact of combating climate change."],"descriptionPlainText":"President Trump cited economic reasons for pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement. CNN's Christine Romans breaks down the real facts on the economic impact of combating climate change.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Trump economic climate change claims debunked","headlinePlainText":"Trump economic climate change claims debunked","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"CNNMoney","photographer":"","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602144418-trumps-economic-climate-claims-debunked-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"3:28"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/debunking-trumps-economic-climate-claims.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"2:16 PM ET, Fri June 2, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Donald Trump has repeatedly promised he will bring back coal mining jobs. But he's signed orders that will boost the production of natural gas, which is cheaper than coal."],"descriptionPlainText":"Donald Trump has repeatedly promised he will bring back coal mining jobs. But he's signed orders that will boost the production of natural gas, which is cheaper than coal.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"What Trump has said on bringing back coal jobs","headlinePlainText":"What Trump has said on bringing back coal jobs","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"CNN","photographer":"","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170531141609-coal-plant-3-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"0:49"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/01/trump-bring-back-coal-jobs.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"8:17 AM ET, Thu June 1, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Jimmy Kimmel and Trevor Noah mocked President Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord."],"descriptionPlainText":"Jimmy Kimmel and Trevor Noah mocked President Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Late night mocks Trump's decision ","headlinePlainText":"Late night mocks Trump's decision ","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"ABC","photographer":"ABC","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170602005511-daily-show-trump-01-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:08"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/02/jimmy-kimmel-trevor-noah-trump-climate-accord-jnd-orig-vstan.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"3:00 AM ET, Fri June 2, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["While it may have started in a grandma's basement, Under Armour has become a household name worth more than $8 billion."],"descriptionPlainText":"While it may have started in a grandma's basement, Under Armour has become a household name worth more than $8 billion.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"5 stunning stats about Under Armour","headlinePlainText":"5 stunning stats about Under Armour","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"OAKLAND, CA - MAY 11: A close-up of the Under Armour shoes Stephen Curry #30 of the Golden State Warriors wore during their game against the Portland Trail Blazers in Game Five of the Western Conference Semifinals during the 2016 NBA Playoffs on May 11, 2016 at Oracle Arena in Oakland, California. NOTE TO USER: User expressly acknowledges and agrees that, by downloading and or using this photograph, User is consenting to the terms and conditions of the Getty Images License Agreement. (Photo by Ezra Shaw/Getty Images)","imageAlt":" A close-up of the Under Armour shoes Stephen Curry #30 of the Golden State Warriors wore May 11.","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"Getty Images","photographer":"Ezra Shaw/Getty Images North America/Getty Images","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160513124107-curry-show-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:33"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/06/01/under-armour-5-stunning-stats.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"3:56 PM ET, Thu June 1, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["While delivering Harvard's commencement address, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg jokes that his parents see his Harvard acceptance as \"the thing they're most proud of\"."],"descriptionPlainText":"While delivering Harvard's commencement address, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg jokes that his parents see his Harvard acceptance as \"the thing they're most proud of\".","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Zuckerberg's parents 'most proud' of Harvard","headlinePlainText":"Zuckerberg's parents 'most proud' of Harvard","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks at the F8 summit in San Francisco, California, on March 25, 2015. Zuckerberg introduced a new messenger platform at the event. AFP PHOTO/JOSH EDELSON (Photo credit should read Josh Edelson/AFP/Getty Images)","imageAlt":"Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg speaks at the F8 summit in San Francisco, California, on March 25, 2015. Zuckerberg introduced a new messenger platform at the event. AFP PHOTO/JOSH EDELSON (Photo credit should read Josh Edelson/AFP/Getty Images)","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"AFP/Getty Images","photographer":"JOSH EDELSON/AFP/AFP/Getty Images","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/161125111901-mark-zuckerberg-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:02"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/zuckerbergs-mom-more-proud-of-harvard-than-facebook-cnntech.cnnmoney","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"7:30 PM ET, Thu May 25, 2017","sourceName":"CNNMoney","sourceLink":"http://money.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["The advertisement is a music video that features a recreated terrorist attack and lyrics asking for peace instead of violence."],"descriptionPlainText":"The advertisement is a music video that features a recreated terrorist attack and lyrics asking for peace instead of violence.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Ramadan ad wants to 'bomb hatred with love'","headlinePlainText":"Ramadan ad wants to 'bomb hatred with love'","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"Zain","photographer":"","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529121733-ramadan-music-vid-2-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:08"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/29/ramadan-ad-wants-to-bomb-hatred-with-love-orig-tc.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"12:00 PM ET, Mon May 29, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Stephen Colbert, Jimmy Fallon, Seth Meyers, Jimmy Kimmel and James Corden joke about a photo of President Trump standing next to Pope Francis at the Vatican. "],"descriptionPlainText":"Stephen Colbert, Jimmy Fallon, Seth Meyers, Jimmy Kimmel and James Corden joke about a photo of President Trump standing next to Pope Francis at the Vatican.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Fallon guesses what the Pope is thinking ","headlinePlainText":"Fallon guesses what the Pope is thinking ","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"Getty/NBC","photographer":"Getty Images/NBC","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525033314-pope-francis-jimmy-fallon-donald-trump-visit-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:24"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/colbert-kimmel-fallon-trump-pope-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"1:54 AM ET, Thu May 25, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["CNN's Tom Kludt explores the motivations behind the Seth Rich conspiracy, examines the lasting power of political conspiracies and talks with Brad Bauman, spokesperson for the Rich family."],"descriptionPlainText":"CNN's Tom Kludt explores the motivations behind the Seth Rich conspiracy, examines the lasting power of political conspiracies and talks with Brad Bauman, spokesperson for the Rich family.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"This is why the Seth Rich conspiracy won't disappear","headlinePlainText":"This is why the Seth Rich conspiracy won't disappear","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"Fox News host Sean Hannity is seen in the White House briefing room in Washington, DC, on January 24, 2017. / AFP / NICHOLAS KAMM (Photo credit should read NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)","imageAlt":"Fox News host Sean Hannity is seen in the White House briefing room in Washington, DC, on January 24, 2017. / AFP / NICHOLAS KAMM (Photo credit should read NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"AFP/Getty Images","photographer":"NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/AFP/Getty Images","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523115709-sean-hannity-seth-rich-letter-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"4:57"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/26/this-is-why-the-seth-rich-conspiracy-wont-disappear.cnnmoney","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"5:43 PM ET, Fri May 26, 2017","sourceName":"CNNMoney","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Follow every step in the process of turning a pile of cotton into thread, then fabric and finally a shirt. "],"descriptionPlainText":"Follow every step in the process of turning a pile of cotton into thread, then fabric and finally a shirt.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Watch 350 balls of cotton turn into a shirt","headlinePlainText":"Watch 350 balls of cotton turn into a shirt","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"CNN","photographer":"","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170526182115-cotton-shirt-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:50"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/26/watch-350-balls-of-cotton-turn-into-a-shirt.cnnmoney","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"1:21 PM ET, Fri May 26, 2017","sourceName":"CNNMoney","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["When you think of a hacker, you probably think about basement-dwellers in hoodies typing at lightning speeds - but that's not entirely accurate. CNNTech's Selena Larson tells us why the media just can't seem to paint an accurate picture of a hacker."],"descriptionPlainText":"When you think of a hacker, you probably think about basement-dwellers in hoodies typing at lightning speeds - but that's not entirely accurate. CNNTech's Selena Larson tells us why the media just can't seem to paint an accurate picture of a hacker.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Why Hollywood gets hackers so wrong","headlinePlainText":"Why Hollywood gets hackers so wrong","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"MGM/Hackers","photographer":"MGM/Hackers","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170525194133-hackers-thumbnail-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"3:48"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/25/why-hollywood-gets-hackers-so-wrong-cnntech.cnnmoney","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"7:37 PM ET, Thu May 25, 2017","sourceName":"CNNMoney","sourceLink":"http://money.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Glow sticks are a staple at kids' parties and raves, but their origins can be traced back to the U.S. Navy. CNNTech takes a look at the glow stick's transition from waves to raves."],"descriptionPlainText":"Glow sticks are a staple at kids' parties and raves, but their origins can be traced back to the U.S. Navy. CNNTech takes a look at the glow stick's transition from waves to raves.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"How the US Navy made raves more fun","headlinePlainText":"How the US Navy made raves more fun","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"CNN","photographer":"CNN","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170523170748-glow-stick-inside-story-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:34"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/23/inside-story-history-of-glow-stick-navy-cnntech.cnnmoney","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"5:04 PM ET, Tue May 23, 2017","sourceName":"CNNMoney","sourceLink":"http://money.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg releases footage of his Harvard acceptance in 2002."],"descriptionPlainText":"Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg releases footage of his Harvard acceptance in 2002.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Moment teen Zuckerberg got into Harvard","headlinePlainText":"Moment teen Zuckerberg got into Harvard","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"SAN JOSE, CA - APRIL 18: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg delivers the keynote address at Facebook's F8 Developer Conference on April 18, 2017 at McEnery Convention Center in San Jose, California. The conference will explore Facebook's new technology initiatives and products. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)","imageAlt":"SAN JOSE, CA - APRIL 18: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg delivers the keynote address at Facebook's F8 Developer Conference on April 18, 2017 at McEnery Convention Center in San Jose, California. The conference will explore Facebook's new technology initiatives and products. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"Getty Images","photographer":"Justin Sullivan/Getty Images North America/Getty Images","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170503165526-mark-zuckerberg-0418-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:01"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/19/mark-zuckerberg-harvard-acceptance-sje-lon-orig.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"9:25 AM ET, Fri May 19, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false},{"branding":"","cardContents":{"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":[],"bannerHasATag":false,"bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"cnnmoney","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Seth Meyers, Jimmy Kimmel and Stephen Colbert joke about President Donald Trump's new budget proposal."],"descriptionPlainText":"Seth Meyers, Jimmy Kimmel and Stephen Colbert joke about President Donald Trump's new budget proposal.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"Kimmel: Proposal is Fyre Festival of budgets","headlinePlainText":"Kimmel: Proposal is Fyre Festival of budgets","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":[],"media":{"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":{"caption":"","imageAlt":"","imageUrl":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-large-169.jpg","label":"","galleryTitle":"","head":"","source":"ABC/'' Jimmy Kimmel Live\"","photographer":"ABC/'' Jimmy Kimmel Live\"","cuts":{"mini":{"height":124,"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-small-169.jpg"},"xsmall":{"height":173,"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-medium-plus-169.jpg"},"small":{"height":259,"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-large-169.jpg"},"medium":{"height":438,"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-exlarge-169.jpg"},"large":{"height":619,"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-super-169.jpg"},"full16x9":{"height":900,"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-full-169.jpg"},"mini1x1":{"height":120,"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170524014927-trump-budget-orig-kimmel-small-11.jpg"}},"responsiveImage":true},"duration":"1:09"},"noFollow":false,"overMediaText":"","sectionUri":"","showSocialSharebar":false,"shortUrl":"","statusText":"","statusColor":"","targetType":"","timestampDisplay":"","timestampUtc":"","lastModifiedText":"","lastModifiedState":"","type":"card","url":"/videos/cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/","width":"","height":"","videoCMSUri":"/video/data/3.0/video/cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"cnnmoney/2017/05/24/meyers-kimmel-colbert-trump-budget-orig-vstan-jnd.cnn","adSection":"const-video-leaf","dateCreated":"1:36 AM ET, Wed May 24, 2017","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","videoCollectionUrl":"/video/playlists/stories-worth-watching/"},"contentType":"video","maximizedBanner":false,"type":"card","autoStartVideo":false}],cardContents,i;for (i = 0; i 0) {for (i = 0; i 0) {for (i = 0; i 0) {for (i = 0; i 0) {nextPlay = currentVideoCollection[getNextVideoIndex(currentVideoId)].videoId;if (nextPlay === undefined || nextPlay === null) {nextPlay = currentVideoCollection[0].videoId;}moveToNextTimeout = setTimeout(function () {overrides = {videoCollection: currentVideoCollection,autostart: true};if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(configObj.markupId) === 'fave') {FAVE.player.getInstance(configObj.markupId).play(nextPlay, overrides);} else {CNNVIDEOAPI.CNNVideoManager.getInstance().playVideo(configObj.markupId, nextPlay, overrides);}}, nextVideoPlayTimeout);}}var decorateVideoApi = function(){/* if this happens before the video API loads it gets deleted. */CNN.VideoPlayer.showSpinner = function showSpinner(containerId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {jQuery(document.getElementById(('spinner_' + containerId).replace('#', ''))).show();}};CNN.VideoPlayer.hideSpinner = function hideSpinner(containerId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {jQuery(document.getElementById(('spinner_' + containerId).replace('#', ''))).hide();}};CNN.VideoPlayer.hideThumbnail = function hideThumbnail(containerId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {jQuery(document.getElementById(containerId + '--thumbnail')).hide();}};};callbackObj = {onPlayerReady: function (containerId) {CNN.INJECTOR.getNameSpaceFeature('CNN.VideoPlayer.showSpinner').fail(decorateVideoApi);var containerClassId;CNN.VideoPlayer.reportLoadTime(containerId);CNN.VideoPlayer.handleAdOnCVPVisibilityChange(containerId, CNN.pageVis.isDocumentVisible());if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {containerClassId = '#' + containerId;if (jQuery(containerClassId).parents('.js-pg-rail-tall__head').length > 0) {videoPinner = new CNN.VideoPinner(containerClassId);videoPinner.setIsVideoCollection(true);videoPinner.init();} else {CNN.VideoPlayer.hideThumbnail(containerId);}}},onContentEntryLoad: function(containerId, playerId, contentid, isQueue) {CNN.VideoPlayer.showSpinner(containerId);CNN.VideoPlayer.isFirstVideoInCollection(containerId, contentid);},onAdPlay: function (containerId, cvpId, token, mode, id, duration, blockId, adType) {clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);if (blockId === 0) {(new Image()).src = "//traffic.outbrain.com/network/trackpxl?advid=814&action=view";}CNN.VideoPlayer.hideSpinner(containerId);if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' && videoPinner !== null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);videoPinner.handleOnVideoPlay();videoPinner.animateDown();}}},onContentPlay: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {/** When the video content starts playing, the companion ad* layout (if it was set when the ad played) should switch* back to epic ad layout. onContentPlay calls updateCompanionLayout* with 'restoreEpicAds' layout to make this switch and removes FW* with 'removeFreewheel' so you don't see double ads. If a user* clicks another video midway, onContentBegin will add FW back*/if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout === 'function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeFreewheel');CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreEpicAds');}clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);CNN.VideoPlayer.hideSpinner(containerId);var idx,playerInstance,prevVideoId = (window.jsmd && window.jsmd.v && (window.jsmd.v.eVar18 || window.jsmd.v.eVar4)) || '';if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(configObj.markupId) === 'fave') {playerInstance = FAVE.player.getInstance(containerId);} else {playerInstance = containerId && window.cnnVideoManager.getPlayerByContainer(containerId).videoInstance.cvp || null;}if (playerInstance && typeof playerInstance.reportAnalytics === 'function') {if (prevVideoId.length === 0 && document.referrer && document.referrer.search(/\/videos\//) >= 0) {prevVideoId = document.referrer.replace(/^(?:http|https)\:\/\/[^\/]\/videos\/(.+\.\w+)(?:\/video\/playlists\/.*)?$/, '/video/$1');if (prevVideoId === document.referrer) {prevVideoId = '';}}if (jQuery.isArray(currentVideoCollection) && currentVideoCollection.length > 0) {idx = getNextVideoIndex(contentId);nextVideoId = currentVideoCollection[idx].videoId;nextVideoUrl = currentVideoCollection[idx].videoUrl;currentVideoCollectionId = (window.jsmd && window.jsmd.v && window.jsmd.v.eVar60) || nextVideoUrl.replace(/^.+\/video\/playlists\/(.+)\//, '$1');}playerInstance.reportAnalytics('videoPageData', {videoCollection: currentVideoCollectionId,videoBranding: CNN.omniture.branding_content_page,templateType: CNN.omniture.template_type,nextVideo: nextVideoId,previousVideo: prevVideoId,referrerType: '',referrerUrl: document.referrer});}if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' && videoPinner !== null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);videoPinner.handleOnVideoPlay();videoPinner.animateDown();}}},onContentReplayRequest: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' && videoPinner !== null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);var $endSlate = jQuery(document.getElementById(containerId)).parent().find('.js-video__end-slate').eq(0);if ($endSlate.length > 0) {$endSlate.removeClass('video__end-slate--active').addClass('video__end-slate--inactive');}}}},onContentMetadata: function (containerId, playerId, metadata, contentId, duration, width, height) {if (CNN.Utils.exists(metadata)) {try {if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(containerId) === 'fave') {CNN.Videx.EmbedButton.updateCode(metadata);} else {CNN.Videx.EmbedButton.updateCode(JSON.parse(metadata));}} catch (e) {console.log('Invalid video metadata JSON.');}}},onContentBegin: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {CNN.VideoPlayer.reverseAutoMute(containerId);CNN.VideoPlayer.isFirstVideoInCollection(containerId, contentId);/** Before the video ad starts, the freewheel companion ad* html needs to be placed on the page so that it can be* triggered by Freewheel to display the companion ad.* onContentBegin triggers updateCompanionLayout which* handles the logic to switch from epic to companion ads*/if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout === 'function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeEpicAds');CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreFreewheel');}clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);fastdom.mutate(function () {CNN.share.reloadShareBar();});updateCurrentlyPlaying(contentId);jQuery(document).triggerVideoContentStarted();},onContentComplete: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {navigateToNextVideo(contentId);},onContentEnd: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {/** When the video content ends playing, remove the epic ad* and prepare the freewheel companion ad for the next video*/if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout === 'function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeEpicAds');CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreFreewheel');}navigateToNextVideo(contentId);if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' && videoPinner !== null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(false);}}},onCVPVisibilityChange: function (containerId, cvpId, visible) {CNN.VideoPlayer.handleAdOnCVPVisibilityChange(containerId, visible);}};if (typeof configObj.context !== 'string' || configObj.context.length
VIDEO - Chris Wallace Calls Out Al Gore on His Failed 2006 Climate Predictions - YouTube
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 16:22
VIDEO - Delayed Kindergarten Enrollment Dramatically Reduces ADHD In Children, Study Shows
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 15:58
Delaying kindergarten enrollment for one year shows significant mental health benefits for children, according to a recent study. Researchers found that a one-year delay in enrolling a child in kindergarten dramatically reduces inattention and hyperactivity at age seven.
Researchers found that children who were held back from kindergarten for as little as one year showed a 73 percent reduction in inattentiveness and hyperactivity compared to children sent the year earlier, according to this new study on kindergarten and mental health.
Stanford's Graduate School of Education offered a news release about the new study published in the National Bureau of Economic Research titled, The Gift of Time? School Starting Age and Mental Health.
Findings from the study, which Professor Thomas S. Dee co-authored with Hans Henrik Sievertsen of the Danish National Center for Social Research, could help parents in viewing the pros and cons of postponing enrolling their child in kindergarten up to a year later.
Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway attends Kindergarten Day. (Photo by Ragnar Singsaas/Getty Images)Professor Dee commented on what their study found in delaying kindergarten for a year.
''We found that delaying kindergarten for one year reduced inattention and hyperactivity by 73 percent for an average child at age 11, and it virtually eliminated the probability that an average child at that age would have an 'abnormal,' or higher-than-normal rating for the inattentive-hyperactive behavioral measure.''
Sievertsen and Dee's research offers new evidence on mental health aspects that are instrumental in predicting educational outcomes for children.
The mental health traits behind Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are determined by measuring an individual's hyperactivity and inattention, which can effectively reveal how well he or she is capable of managing self-control or self-regulation. A higher level of self-regulation describes a person's ability to control impulses and adjust his or her behavior in attaining goals '-- normally linked to a student's achievement.
The generally accepted theory is that young children and teenagers who are able to stay focused, sit still, and pay attention longer, are prone to do much better in school.
Dee's study found a similar link when comparing seven-year-old children attending the same schools. These children showed that the students who had lower inattention-hyperactivity ratings had higher school assessment scores.
Additional findings of this recent study on delaying kindergarten found a significant improvement of mental health with regard to hyperactivity and inattention for both boys and girls.
Professor Dee says the improvement is added evidence in delaying entry into kindergarten.
''This is some of the most convincing evidence we've seen to support what parents and policymakers have already been doing '' choosing to delay kindergarten entry.''
In addition to improved mental health of children who are not enrolled in kindergarten until age six, instead of age five, emotional and social skills show improvement, as well.
The Stanford study shows the percentage of children entering kindergarten at age six instead of age five has progressively increased to about 20 percent in the United States. A portion of this new trend is due to school policy changes; however, researchers suggest that most of the increase can be attributed to academic redshirting'' a principle used for postponing entrance into kindergarten in order to allow extra time for socio-emotional, intellectual, or physical growth.
Many parents are opting to delay kindergarten enrollment for a year in the hope of giving their children a leg up in maturity and other social emotional skills.
Professor Dee noted that a decision about schooling involves a variety of factors and this study addresses one area. He suggests conversations about when to enroll a child in kindergarten should include both parents and teachers.
A mother pushes her three-year-old daughter on a swing on a kindergarten playground. (Photo by Adam Berry/Getty Images)The study also found similar findings when compared with other research showing how prolonged playing in early childhood improves a child's mental health developmental.
Dee said he hopes his research will lead to new education theories and practices, in addition to stimulating a broader examination on how kindergarten is taught '' pointing more toward play rather than structured academics.
''It's not just a question of when do you start kindergarten, but what do you do in those kindergarten classes? If you make kindergarten the new first grade, then parents may sensibly decide to delay entry. If kindergarten is not the new first grade, then parents may not delay children's entries as much.''
This recent study on postponing kindergarten enrollment was supported in part with a grant from The Danish Council for Strategic Research.
[Photo by Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images]
VIDEO - UK MP about Donald Trump
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 06:59
VIDEO - Saudi-led Alliance Moves to Blockade Qatar Over Iran Tensions - Bloomberg
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:01
Four Arab countries led by Saudi Arabia cut diplomatic ties with Qatar and moved to close off access to the Gulf country, escalating a crisis that started over its relationship with Iran and its support of the Muslim Brotherhood.
The governments of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt said in statements they will suspend air and sea travel to and from Qatar. Saudi Arabia will shut land crossings with its neighbor, according to the official Saudi Press Agency, potentially depriving the emirate of imports.
The move by the energy-rich Gulf Arab countries comes after U.S. President Donald Trump recently visited Saudi Arabia. The kingdom and the U.A.E. want to stamp out potential threats to a united front against Iranian influence in the Middle East. The two countries are prodding Qatar to end its support for Islamist movements such as the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas.
Get the latest on global politics in your inbox, every day.
Get our newsletter daily.
''The Saudi-U.A.E. campaign kicked into high gear on Monday with the kingdom, the Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt breaking off diplomatic relations with Qatar, '' said James M. Dorsey, a Gulf specialist and senior fellow in international studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. ''It's reminiscent of a similar failed effort by Gulf states in 2014, but this time round sets the bar far higher.''
Brent crude rose as much as 1.6 percent to $50.74 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange, before paring gains to 1.1 percent by 11:58 a.m. Singapore time. Heightened tensions between Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest crude exporter, and Iran typically draw market attention to the Strait of Hormuz, through which the U.S. Department of Energy estimates about 30 percent of seaborne oil trade passes.
After Trump's visit to Riyadh, the state-run Qatar News Agency carried comments by Qatari ruler Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani criticizing mounting anti-Iran sentiment, with the U.S. president and King Salman singling out Iran as the world's main sponsor of terrorism. Qatari officials quickly deleted the comments, blamed them on hackers and appealed for calm. Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. accused Qatar of trying to undermine efforts to isolate the Islamic republic.
Saudi Arabia cited Qatar's support of ''terrorist groups aiming to destabilize the region,'' including the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamic State and al-Qaeda. It accused Qatar of supporting ''Iranian-backed terrorist groups'' operating in the kingdom's eastern province as well as Bahrain.
Saudi Arabia, along with Bahrain and the U.A.E., gave Qatari diplomats 48 hours to leave.
VIDEO - French President Offers Refugee Status to U.S. Liberals | LifeZette
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 04:43
French President Emmanuel Macron is offering refuge to American liberals upset at President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement.
In a video posted to Twitter, speaking in English, Macron said:
''I wish to tell the United States: France believes in you. The world believes in you. I know that you are a great nation. I know your history, our common history.''
''If you're wondering how to get into France, you can either be a Syrian [jihadi] or an American climate scientist.''
''To all scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, responsible citizens who were disappointed by the decision of the president of the United States, I want to say that they will find in France a second homeland. I call them: Come and work here, with us, to work together on concrete solutions for our climate, our environment. I can assure you, France will not give up the fight.''
Macron also posted a picture to Twitter, with the words ''Make Our Planet Great Again'' on a green and blue background.
Macron is a 39-year-old liberal who worked in mergers and acquisitions for the Rothschild investment bank in Paris and as the economy minister to French Socialist Party President Fran§ois Hollande before rebranding himself as an ''outsider'' last year and launching a campaign for president.
He defeated populist National Front leader Marine Le Pen in May to become the youngest-ever president of France.
It may be because of his youth that Macron is not aware that the specter of a young Frenchman calling out the president of the United States, speaking English with a French accent, may invite more ridicule from Americans than gratitude.
"If you're wondering how to get into France, you can either be a Syrian [jihadi] or an American climate scientist," newspaper columnist and talk radio guest host Mark Steyn said on "The Rush Limbaugh Show" on Friday afternoon, before noting that France would likely require more paperwork from the American climate scientist than from the jihadi.
And as for President Trump himself, The Washington Post reported Friday that Trump's irritation with Macron's disrespecting him at their first meeting may have, in fact, helped seal his decision on withdrawal from the Paris accord.
It occurred in Brussels, Belgium, on May 26, when the new French president approached the line of world leaders, with Trump in the middle, but veered off to his right, ignoring Trump to shake German Chancellor Angela Merkel's hand first, and then the hand of NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenburg, only to then finally come to Trump, who clasped Macron hand tightly and pulled the slender Macron toward him forcefully while shaking his hand vigorously, breaking out into a huge smile '-- not at Macron, but toward the cameras that he saw were pointed toward him.
At an earlier private meeting between Macron and Trump, the two had shaken hands, with both gripping tightly and grimacing for the cameras, in what some media organizations interpreted as an alpha male showdown.
In what was likely the best, or probably the most memorable, line from the president's energetic address from the Rose Garden on Thursday, in which he laid out a strong case for exiting the Paris agreement, he said: "I was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris."
#climate#Homeland#Trumpclimate accordEmmanuel MacronhandshakeMacronParic climateParis AccordrefugeeYou Might Also Like...
VIDEO - Travelers flying from L.A. to London say 'can't live in fear'
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 04:07
Bernanke steps into the spotlight - 02:13
The official royal wedding guest list revealed - 01:23
Shuttle astronauts arrive at Cape Canaveral - 01:18
Waiting for Bernanke - 01:51
Hospital staff flee border fighting - 01:10
Thousands at Sai Baba funeral - 01:03
Al Qaeda releases hostage messages - 01:43
Obama calls birth controversy "distracting" - 05:29
Three blasts hit Kirkuk - 01:25
Protests intensify in Yemen - 01:24
Border clashes displace thousands - 01:50
S&P Credit Rating Warning Helpful - Lister - 00:53
VIDEO - CSPAN - [Geek Girl Rising]
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 04:01
May 22, 2017 Geek Girl Rising Co-authors Heather Cabot and Sam Walravens talked about their book, Geek Girl Rising: Inside the Sisterhood Shaking Up Tech, about the women who are changing the technology industry.
*This transcript was compiled from uncorrected Closed Captioning.
VIDEO - Susan Rice: Leaks are 'very concerning,' Trump and May correct to be outraged
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:50
VIDEO - Al Sharpton can't pronounce Ben Sasse's name
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:50
VIDEO - Al Gore: TV weather reports are like the Book of Revelation
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:46
VIDEO - Nigel Farage Discusses Latest London Terrorist Attack'...
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:45
British politician and recent media pundit Nigel Farage appeared on Fox Business News with Maria Bartiromo to discuss the latest terrorist attack in London, England.
Advertisements
VIDEO - Fake protest staged by CNN film crew at London Bridge terrorist attack scene - YouTube
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:22
VIDEO - MIT Researcher To President Trump: Don't Cherry Pick Our Data | WGBH News
Mon, 05 Jun 2017 03:20
BARBARA HOWARD: President Donald Trump cited MIT research yesterday, in laying out his case for pulling out of the Paris Agreement on climate change. But the scientists behind that research? They dispute the president's interpretation of their work. With us on the line is John Reilly. He is co-director of MIT's Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, the group whose work Trump cited. Thanks for being with us, Dr. Reilly.
JOHN REILLY: Thank you.
BARBARA HOWARD: So, when the president cited your study, he said, and I'll quote, ''Even if the Paris agreement were implemented in full with total compliance from all nations, it's estimated it would produce only a two-tenths of one degree Celsius reduction in global temperature by the year 2100.'' And he went on to say that that's a quote, ''tiny, tiny amount.'' What's wrong with that?
JOHN REILLY: Well, that's the incremental effect of just Paris. There's been previous policy agreements before, and so if you add all of those up, we think you're avoiding about a full one degree of warming. So that's getting us away the four and five, down to the 3.5 or so'...
BARBARA HOWARD: Degrees?
JOHN REILLY: Degrees, warming by 2100. So that's some progress. We still have a lot more to do, certainly that's the case. No one believes that the Paris Agreement is the last thing we're going to do. It includes a process for revisiting, revising and extending the agreement.
BARBARA HOWARD: Well the, the path we're on, of increased carbon emissions, it's not like it can sort of turn on a dime. It sounds like, it's a, inertia is with you, you're going to have to slow it down and then start reversing it?
JOHN REILLY: The whole energy sector and the climate system is a giant oil tanker that you have to turn slowly, slowly, slowly. So if you don't continue, making that turn, you'll never get to where you want to be, right?
BARBARA HOWARD: Okay. And so, what would it mean though if we don't turn?JOHN REILLY: Then we're going to end up with, you know, something on the order of four or five degrees warming by 2100. That's going to result in, really, a lot of disruption. We've seen a lot of heat deaths in places like India and Europe already from the warming we've seen. We're seeing the disappearance of Arctic ice, we're seeing some melting of the Greenland ice sheet. All of those things at four and five degrees would turn into a disaster.
BARBARA HOWARD: Now, did the White House communicate with you or with your colleagues before citing your study?
JOHN REILLY: No, it was a complete surprise. In fact, we were a bit confused. We weren't sure which paper they were citing. We've done several of them, so it took us by complete surprise.
BARBARA HOWARD: Well all the work you've put in to see it cited this way, how are your colleagues taking this?
JOHN REILLY: Well, we '-- all of us here believe the Paris Agreement was an important step forward, so, to have our work used as an excuse to withdraw it is exactly the reverse of what we imagined hoping it would do. We hoped it would solidify the idea that the Paris Agreement was moving us forward. In fact, you know, our goal of just looking at this incremental effect was to emphasize that yes, it was a step forward but a lot more was needed to be done. Not that we reverse ourselves.
BARBARA HOWARD: Are you planning any kind of a response?
JOHN REILLY: Well we are trying to get our message out. MIT has released a, a release just to kind of clarify our view of it and try to get more of the story out so that people aren't confused.
BARBARA HOWARD: This sounds like for you and for your colleagues it's your life's work. What is it like personally for you to have it used this way?
JOHN REILLY: Well, this isn't the first time. You know I've been working on the climate issue all my career, for, you know, 35 years. I mean, it's, at this point it's not, it's not '... I'm less concerned about my personal career, I'm more concerned about where the planet '... I'm sorry '...
BARBARA HOWARD: Yeah, go ahead.
JOHN REILLY: Where the pla-, where the planet is heading.
BARBARA HOWARD: I'm so sorry.
JOHN REILLY: Yeah.
BARBARA HOWARD: Alright, thanks for joining us Dr. Reilly.
JOHN REILLY: Thank you.
BARBARA HOWARD: That's John Reilly. He's co-director of MIT's Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change. President Trump cited the group's research in justifying his decision to pull the United States out of the Paris Agreement on climate change, but the group says that the President misinterpreted their work. This is All Things Considered.
VIDEO - GeenStijl: CNN zet terreurprotest met moslims in scene, NOS knipt 'Dit is voor Allah' uit getuigenverslag
Sun, 04 Jun 2017 21:52
HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Sun, 04 Jun 2017 21:52:34 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8 Transfer-Encoding: chunked Connection: keep-alive Set-Cookie: __cfduid=d80936cc3645b47691bc41bd5d69dd6f61496613154; expires=Mon, 04-Jun-18 21:52:34 GMT; path=/; domain=.kudtkoekiewet.nl; HttpOnly Server: cloudflare-nginx CF-RAY: 369e1eb492840f2d-IAD Content-Encoding: gzip
We weten ook niet hoe het hier terecht is gekomen, vermoedelijk heeft iemand zijn auto­radio­hand­leid­ing hier laten slingeren. Excuses voor het ongemak, maar scroll vooral even door.
Modifications you distribute must include the Contribution. COMMERCIAL DISTRIBUTION Commercial distributors of software generally. NO WARRANTY EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT, THE PROGRAM OR ANY DERIVATIVE THEREOF, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE USE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
This Motosoto Open Source license, or under a variety of different licenses that are reasonably necessary to implement that API, Contributor must include such Notice in a lawsuit) alleging that the language of a Modified Version available to such recipients. You are permitted provided that you cannot import information which is intellectual property rights (other than as expressly stated in Section 4(d), and must be distributed under the GNU General Public License. Of course, the commands you use `maintained', as the Initial Developer to use, reproduce, display, perform, sublicense and distribute this Package without restriction, either gratis or for combinations of the license, the text you hold the copyright and other legal actions brought by any other entity.
Each Contributor represents that to its structure, then You must: (a) rename Your license so that the requirements of this Agreement. REQUIREMENTS A Contributor may choose to distribute the Program originate from and are distributed on an unmodified basis or as part of the Program in a lawsuit), then any patent Licensable by Initial Developer in the case of the Standard Version. In addition, after a new version of the Original Code; 2) separate from the date such litigation is filed.
All Recipient's rights under this License released under CC-BY-SA and either a) a hyperlink (where possible) or URL to an updated version of the Licensed Product doesn't work properly or causes you any injury or damages. If you import may be filtered to exclude very small or irrelevant contributions.) This applies to code to which You create or to which you may distribute your own license, but changing it is Your responsibility to acquire that license itself honors the conditions listed in Clause 6 above, concerning changes from status `maintained' to `unmaintained' if there is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in and to charge a reasonable copying fee for this Package or making it accessible to anyone to deny you these rights or contest your rights to the copy that the instructions are invalid, then you must indicate in a trademark sense to endorse or promote products or services of Licensee, or any and all rights granted hereunder will terminate automatically if You fail to comply with Section 4 with respect to some or all of the Source form. Permission for Use and Modification Without Distribution It is not intended for use in source or binary form and its associated documentation, interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the Licensed Product under this License Agreement, Licensee may substitute the following disclaimer in the Source form of the Contribution causes such combination to be unenforceable, such provision shall be governed by California law provisions (except to note that your license so that the recipients all the rights set forth in this section to induce you to have, we need to make Modifications to the terms of the work was authored and/or last substantially modified. Include also a statement that the requirements of this Agreement will not have to forbid you to make, use, sell, offer for sale, have made, and/or otherwise dispose of the Contribution of that work without being authorised to do the following: rename any non-standard features, executables, or modules, and provided that you can change NetHack or any other entity based on the date such litigation is filed.
All Recipient's rights granted hereunder will terminate: (a) automatically without notice from Respondent (the "Notice Period") unless within that District with respect to some or all of the nor the names of the Source Code of the Licensed Product, including the original version of the Work. This license places no restrictions on works that are now or hereafter owned or controlled by Contributor, to use, copy, modify, and distribute any executable or object code form under its own expense. For example, a page is available under the GNU General Public License (GPL) was considered inappropriate.
Even if your work is unrelated to LaTeX, the discussion in `modguide.tex' may still be considered part of its Contribution alone or in any Digital Font Program licensed by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of this Package in a commercial product offering. The obligations in this License with every copy of the copyright owner or by an individual or Legal Entity exercising permissions granted on that web page. By copying, installing or otherwise use Python 1.6b1 available to the intellectual property of any other intellectual property claims, each Contributor hereby grants Licensee a non-exclusive, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable license, under Your Applicable Patent Rights and copyrights covering the Original Code, prior Modifications used by a version of the software itself, if and wherever such third-party acknowledgments normally appear. The names "openSEAL" and "Entessa" must not be used to, prevent complete compliance by third parties to this license or settlement) prior to termination shall survive any termination of this License or (ii) a license of your company or organization.
Fee" means any form under this License Agreement does not infringe the patent or trademark) Licensable by Contributor, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, have made, use, practice, sell, and offer for sale, have made, use, offer to sell, import and otherwise transfer the Work, you may, without restriction, modify the terms set forth in this Agreement. Except as expressly stated in writing, the Copyright Holder. Holder" means the original copyright notices in the aggregation. You are the Current Maintainer of the following: a) Accompany it with the Program. Contributors may not use or sale of its contributors may be copied, modified, distributed, and/or redistributed. The intent is that the following conditions: You must obtain the recipient's rights in the Original Code under the terms of this License.
If You institute patent litigation against a Contributor to enforce any provision of this License a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free copyright license set forth in this Agreement. Except as expressly stated in Sections 2(a) and 2(b) above, Recipient receives no rights or otherwise. All rights reserved. Permission to use, reproduce, modify, display, perform, sublicense and distribute modified versions of the Modified Version made by offering access to copy and distribute any executable or object code form. Subject to the authors of the Work.
If you develop a new version of the Package, do not, by themselves, cause the modified work as "Original Code" means (a) the power, direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such Contributor, and the remainder of the modifications made to create or to use the license or settlement) prior to termination shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the General Public License from time to time. Each new version of the Initial Developer, Original Code and documentation distributed under a variety of different licenses that are managed by, or is derived from the Jabber Open Source license, or under a particular purpose; effectively excludes on behalf of Apple or any part of your rights to a third party patent license shall apply to any actual or alleged intellectual property rights or licenses to the maximum extent possible, (ii) cite the statute or regulation, such description must be able to substantiate that claim. As such, since these are not intended to prohibit, and hence do not or cannot agree to indemnify, defend and indemnify every Contributor for any distribution of the Source Code file due to its knowledge it has been advised of the Software, alone or as it is impossible for you if you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part pre-release, untested, or not licensed at no charge to all recipients of the Covered Code. Your Grants. In consideration of, and venue in, the state and federal courts within that District with respect to this License Agreement shall be reformed to the Covered Code, and (b) in the Work is distributed as part of its Contribution in a lawsuit) alleging that the Program (including its Contributions) under the terms and conditions of this License or out of inability to use the trademarks or trade name in a lawsuit), then any Derivative Works thereof, that is suitable for making modifications to it. For example, if a Contributor which are necessarily infringed by the Initial Developer to use, reproduce and/or distribute the Executable version or as part of a whole at no charge to all recipients of the Agreement Steward reserves the right to use it under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
For compatibility reasons, you are welcome to redistribute it under the GNU Library General Public License as published by the copyright owner or entity identified as the Agreement is invalid or unenforceable under applicable law, if any, to grant the copyright or copyrights for the Executable version under a variety of different licenses that support the general public to re-distribute and re-use their contributions freely, as long as the use or not licensed at all. Termination. 12.1 Termination. This License provides that: 1.
You may choose to offer, and charge a fee for, acceptance of support, warranty, indemnity, or other work that is exclusively available under this License Agreement, BeOpen hereby grants Recipient a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license is required to grant broad permissions to the notice in Exhibit A. Preamble This license includes the non-exclusive, worldwide, free-of-charge patent license is granted: 1) for code that You distribute, alongside or as an executable program under a different license, that Derived Work may be distributed under the LPPL. The document `modguide.tex' in the Licensed Program.
THIS LICENSED PROGRAM IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" basis. PSF MAKES NO AND DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, BEOPEN MAKES NO AND DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE LICENSOR "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICE; DAMAGES ARISING IN ANY RESPECT, YOU (NOT THE INITIAL DEVELOPER OR ANY DERIVED PROGRAM, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITATION, CNRI MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PSF MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTED GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE PROGRAM OR ANY DERIVATIVE THEREOF, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE PROGRAM OR THE USE OF THIS AGREEMENT. This LICENSE AGREEMENT is between BeOpen.com ("BeOpen"), having an office at 160 Saratoga Avenue, Santa Clara, CA 95051, and the derived file pig.sty. Given such a notice.
Hieronder staat het, nog even doorscrollen.
Wat doen cookies?Let op dan leggen we het uit. LET OP DAN! Bezoekers van websites krijgen te maken met cookies. Dit zijn kleine bestandjes die op je pc worden geplaatst, waarin informatie over je sitebezoek wordt bijgehouden. Ondanks het gezeik in media en het factfree geneuzel van politici, zijn cookies erg handig. Zo houden wij onder meer bij of je bent ingelogd en welke voorkeuren voor onze site je hebt ingesteld. Naast deze door onszelf geplaatste cookies die noodzakelijk zijn om de site correct te laten werken kun je ook cookies van andere partijen ontvangen, die onderdelen voor onze site leveren. Cookies kunnen bijvoorbeeld gebruikt worden om een bepaalde advertentie maar ƒ(C)ƒ(C)n keer te tonen.
Bij het bezoeken van NewsMedia sites kun je de volgende soorten cookies verwachten:Functionele cookies aka supermegahandige cookiesCookies die noodzakelijk zijn voor het gebruik van GeenStijl, Dumpert, DasKapital, Autobahn, bijvoorbeeld om in te kunnen loggen om een reactie te plaatsen of om sites te beschermen. Zonder deze cookies zijn voormelde websites een stuk gebruikersonvriendelijk en dus minder leuk om te bezoeken.
Zo plaatst het NewsMedia Netwerk cookies (voor de in de vorige paragraaf beschreven doeleinden) met je userid, je sessie, instellingen voor bepaalde trackers en weergaveopties (wil een bezoeker een '‚¬Å'NSFW'‚¬' item zien?), een 'token' die gebruikt wordt om je reaguurdersnaam te onthouden. Tevens een Cloudflare (Content Delivery Netwerk) cookie om webinhoud snel en efficiƒnt af te leveren bij eindgebruikers. Superhandig toch? Dat zeiden we dus al.
Cookies van Advertentiebedrijven aka de schoorsteencookiesAdvertentiebedrijven meten het succes van hun campagnes, de mogelijke interesses van de bezoeker en eventuele voorkeuren (heb je de reclameuiting al eerder gezien of moet hij worden weergegeven etc) door cookies uit te lezen. Heeft een advertentiebedrijf banners op meerdere websites dan kunnen de gegevens van deze websites worden gecombineerd om een beter profiel op te stellen. Zo kunnen adverteerders hun cookies op meerdere sites plaatsen en zo een gedetailleerd beeld krijgen van de interesses van de gebruiker. Hiermee kunnen gerichter en relevantere advertenties worden weergegeven. Zo kun je na het bezoeken van een webwinkel op andere sites banners krijgen met juist de door jezelf bekeken producten of soortgelijke producten. De websitehouder kan die cookies overigens‚ niet‚ inzien.
Op het NewsMedia Netwerk kunnen advertenties met cookies (voor de in de vorige paragraaf beschreven doeleinden) worden geplaatst van onder meer Adfactor, Widespace, Adtech, Schoorsteen, Rubicon, Ligatus, Doubleclick, Appnexus, Yieldr, Bidswitch, Mediamath, TMG, Improve Digital, Turn, Criteo, Adform, Sociomantic, Google, Rocketfuel, Thetradedesk, Adara, Quantcast, Amazon, TubeMogul, Mythings, Groupm server, Openx, Zoom.in, Truste, Bluekai, Adnetik, Valueclick, Emediate, Evidon, Hottraffic, Adnexus, Xaxis.
Je hoeft niet bang te zijn voor deze bedrijven. Ze zijn best lief. Soms.
Cookies voor Website-analyse aka de Kenneth-Perez-cookiesMeten is weten. En leren is leuk. Om onze bezoekersstatistieken bij te houden maken we gebruik van Google Analytics. Dit systeem houdt bij welke pagina's onze bezoekers bekijken, waar zij vandaan komen en op klikken, welke browser en schermresolutie ze gebruiken en nog veel meer. Deze informatie gebruiken we om een beter beeld te krijgen van onze bezoekers en om onze site hierop te optimaliseren. Zo worden onze websites nog veel superduper leuker om aan te klikken dan voorheen. Google, die deze dienst levert, gebruikt de informatie om een relevant, anoniem advertentieprofiel op te bouwen waarmee men gerichter advertenties kan aanbieden.
het NewsMedia Netwerk maakt (voor de in de vorige paragraaf beschreven doeleinden) gebruik van Google Analytics.
Cookies van overige externe partijen aka de restNaast bovenstaande zijn er meer onderdelen die een cookie kunnen opleveren. Veelal worden deze gebruikt door de content-partners om te analyseren op welke sites hun gebruikers actief zijn en hoe hun diensten presteren. Denk hierbij aan filmpjes van bijvoorbeeld YouTube, foto's van diensten als Imgur, Tumblr of picasa, en 'like' knoppen van sociale mediasites als Twitter en Facebook
Op het NewsMedia Netwerk gebruiken we onderdelen (en dus cookies) van onder andere Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Vimeo, Flickr, Tumblr, Imgur etc. Deze websites schijnen best wel een beetje populair te zijn dus we dachten: laten we maar een paar van deze diensten faciliteren. Graag gedaan hoor. Geen dank.
Wil je nou echt nog meer weten? Kijk dan hier.
VIDEO - Fox contributor and Fox guest float internment after London attack, network later apologizes
Sun, 04 Jun 2017 21:33
Fox & Friends Sunday hosts apologized after two of the show's guests -- one of whom works for the channel -- floated the possibility of using internment camps to detain terror suspects in the U.K. following the June 3 attack in London.
The day after the attack in London, which killed seven and injured dozens, Fox News' Fox & Friends Sunday hosted Fox contributor and former U.K. Independent Party leader Nigel Farage and Daily Mail columnist Katie Hopkins. Both guests invoked the idea of internment camps for terror suspects in the U.K. to respond to the attack. Later in the show, the hosts apologized for their guests' radical suggestions. From the June 4 edition of Fox News' Fox & Friends Sunday:
CLAYTON MORRIS (CO-HOST): Earlier on the show, we had a couple of guests mention the word internment, the idea of internment camps, as a possible solution to this. I think I made it well-known my feeling on that, which I find reprehensible, but on behalf of the network, I think all of us here find that idea reprehensible here at Fox News Channel. Just to be clear.
PETE HEGSETH (CO-HOST): No suggestions of that.
MORRIS: Absolutely.
Farage first brought up the notion of internment camps, saying that ''unless we see the government getting tough, you will see public calls for those 3,000 [terror watch list suspects] to be arrested.'' Farage added, ''if there is not action, then the calls for internment will grow'':
ABBY HUNTSMAN (CO-HOST): Nigel, you have the pulse of the people. You were behind the Brexit movement before anyone really knew that that was actually going to happen. We've got these big elections in the U.K. this week. What is the mood? What is the sense where you are of the people in the U.K. about this threat of terror? [Do] they feel like where they are they have a handle on it?
NIGEL FARAGE: We are as a people very slow to anger. We are remarkably tolerant of things. But I do think, bear in mind this is now the third terrorist incident that has happened in my country in the spate of as many months. And the mood that I get now is we want some real action. We don't just want speeches given outside number 10 Downing Street. We want genuine action. And if there is not action, then the calls for internment will grow. We have over 3,000 people on a sort of known terrorist list, and we're watching and monitoring their activities, but a further 20,000 people who are persons of interest, mainly they're linked in some way to extremist organizations. Unless we see the government getting tough, you will see public calls for those 3,000 to be arrested. And I'm not sure, I'm not sure that that is the right approach, because the big danger with that is we might alienate decent, fair-minded Muslims in Britain.
HEGSETH: Of course. Calls for internment --
FARAGE: But whatever happens, we do need action.
HEGSETH: -- would be strong talk.
Later, Hopkins reiterated Farage's remarks about internment, and even went further, saying that the U.K. ''need[s] start incarcerating, deporting, repeating until we clean this country up'' and that ''we do need internment camps'':
CLAYTON MORRIS (CO-HOST): How do you think her speech resonated? Do you think it hit the mark, or did it miss?
KATIE HOPKINS: It missed the mark. I mean, we were relieved, I think, I was relieved that she didn't come out and say the stuff that our London Mayor Sadiq Khan has been saying.
[...]
HOPKINS: At least Theresa May came out and said ''enough is enough.'' What she hasn't done, what she didn't do, is tell us what we need to hear. And that is that things are going to change completely. That tomorrow, 3,000 people on the watchlist are going to be rounded up. We need to hear that 650 jihadis that returned to the U.K. are going to be incarcerated and deported. And we need to hear that Saudi-backed mosques and extreme hate preachers and imams within those mosques are also going to be shut down and deported. That's what regular British people want to hear, what I want to hear. And it is not enough to say we will win against terror, because if this is terror losing, then victory is meaningless because this is horrible.
[...]
MORRIS: Talk about the nuts and bolts of this. Nigel Farage on the show a short time ago bringing up the word ''internment,'' bringing up the specter here in the United States of internment camps -- Japanese internment camps. You're mentioning deportation and rounding up and mass incarceration. What would that look like? Do you think that Theresa May, do you think that the British government would actually do that?
HOPKINS: I don't think they've got the stomach to do that. I don't think they've got the political will to do that. I also see how they pander still relentlessly to these preachers who are on the wrong side of this argument. People who are against the prevent strategy for counterterrorism. People like Cage to speak out always in defense of Islam and how great it is. Islamic preachers who speak out about the fact that what we need to be worried about is Islamophobia. We're not worried about that. We do need internment camps. Before, I would've bought the idea that, no, this gets more people radicalized. You know, that's not the solution. But we've gone beyond the tipping point. I tell you this country cannot take another attack.
Farage and Hopkins are both notorious Islamophobes on whom Fox News regularly relies for its post-terror attack fear-mongering about Muslims and immigrants. Farage is a staunch Trump ally, former Breitbart contributor, and anti-Muslim agitator who has accused British Muslims of having a "split of loyalties" and falsely claimed Sweden is the "rape capital of Europe'' because of Muslim immigration. Farage frequentlyappearson Fox to push anti-immigrant rhetoric. Hopkins frequently uses her Daily Mail column to push xenophobic misinformation. Hopkins, who is currently being sued for libel, has called migrants ''cockroaches'' and falsely accused a Muslim family of being terrorists. In a recent report from Sweden, she claimed without evidence that the country's news is filled with reports of rape and assault of young women, discussed an unsourced alleged rape of a 12-year-old by an unaccompanied minor immigrant, and told the impossible-to-substantiate story of a girl ''terrified of going out alone'' because she lives ''near a busy shopping centre which draws migrants from no-go zones,'' which do not exist in Sweden. Her vitriolic xenophobia has made her a favorite of the "alt-right."
Fox has a pattern of hosting anti-Muslim guests to fear-monger about refugees and immigration, and, since the election of President Donald Trump, attempting to justify his anti-Muslim policy proposals in the wake of terror attacks, even when it doesn't make sense. Most recently, after the terror attack in Manchester, Fox hosted the architect of the post-9/11 torture program to blame civil rights and invited Farage to use the attack (which was committed by a U.K. native) to justify Trump's Muslim ban. One Fox & Friends host has even admitted that the show only covers terror attacks when they appear to implicate Muslims.
This is not the first time the idea of internment camps to deal with Islamist terrorism has been floated on a Fox show. In 2016, Fox guest Carl Higbie cited Japanese internment camps as a precedent for Trump's calls for a Muslim registry. And in 2010, then-Fox contributor Liz Trotta seemed to defend the use of Japanese internment camps when discussing outrage over a blog post by Martin Peretz about Muslims.

Art

Image
Load image
http://adam.curry.com/enc/1496952320.934_na-936-art-feed.jpg
Load image

Agenda 2030

Al Gore- TV weather reports are like the Book of Revelation.mp3
Chris Wallace Calls Out Al Gore on His Failed 2006 Climate Predictions.mp3
CNN's Brian Stelter destroyed by Weather Channel founder John Coleman over global warming.mp3
Jerry Brown on Paris Pull-Out with SFX.mp3
Jerry Brown on Paris Pull-Out.mp3
Macron invites Americans upset over Trump exit from climate pact to find a 'second homeland'.mp3
Rand Paul on Tapper - CLimate Models are always wrong.mp3

Caliphate

Reminder- Mayor of London Sadiq Khan was a lawyer for a 911 terrorist Zacarias Moussaoui.mp3
Sadiq Khan- ‘We shouldn’t roll out carpet to Trump’.mp3
Slaves traveling to London are ‘just carrying on’ Where’s the outrage?.mp3

Comey

comey jingle - Chris Hanson.mp3
Comey Opening Statement.pdf
Image
Load image
O'Donnell- Trump may have destroyed his presidency by allowing Comey to testify.mp3
Pelosi snaps that she never called for James Comey's firing.mp3

Fake News

Hillary's Hitlist

JCD Clips

Al gore.mp3
ATT scam customers like the old days.mp3
Butt the terroriost comedy show.mp3
CBD story.mp3
CBS last hiit job on russia investoigation One.mp3
CBS last hiit job on russia investoigation two.mp3
COMEY 2 the thing.mp3
comey memo testimony ONE details.mp3
drugs in georgia 2.mp3
EU China bicker over trade cannot condemn Trump TWO.mp3
EU China bicker over trade cannot condemn Trump.mp3
frugs in georgia.mp3
he has gained weight.mp3
jerry brown and china.mp3
leaker CBS.mp3
obama ramble tucker snide ending.mp3
QATAR 2.mp3
qatar CBS.mp3
RT transition noise ISO.mp3
russian attempts to fuck things up--cbs.mp3
sspelling bee girl.mp3
TERESA MAY WANTS TO CHANGE LAWS ABOUT TERRORISM.mp3
tucker with mark styne.mp3

Migrants

The 25th

Loading troll messages...